Study sets matching "pathology of body fluids"

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Study sets matching "pathology of body fluids"

107 terms
Clinical Pathology- Body Fluids
hCG
qualitative
qualitative
immunoassay
presence is tested for by urine pregnancy test
urine pregnancy test is (qualitative/quantitative)
urine drug screen is (qualitative/quantitative)
method used by urine drug screening tests
hCG
presence is tested for by urine pregnancy test
qualitative
urine pregnancy test is (qualitative/quantitative)
6 terms
Essence and body fluid Pathologies
Essence deficiency
Deficiency of Essence as basis of kidn…
Deficiency of essence in producing mar…
Deficiency of essence as basis of cons…
Slows down growth, reproduction and development
congenital system manifestations
brain, mind and spirit manifestations
immunity and allergy related
Essence deficiency
Slows down growth, reproduction and development
Deficiency of Essence as basis of kidn…
congenital system manifestations
44 terms
Pathology - Disturbances of Blood Flow & Body Fluids
% of water of a person's body weight
% breakdown of water in body
Survival of cells depend on
Normal fluid balance depend on
60%
1/3 Extracellular ... - 5% plasma... - 15% interstitial... 2/3 Intrac…
1. oxygen provided in blood supply... 2. normal fluid balance
1. Starling's force... 2. Systemic factors:... - intact circulatio…
% of water of a person's body weight
60%
% breakdown of water in body
1/3 Extracellular ... - 5% plasma... - 15% interstitial... 2/3 Intrac…
93 terms
Qi, Blood and Body Fluid Pathology- Fundamentals
4 Qi Disharmonies
Qi Deficiency Clinical Manifestations:
Qi Sinking compared to Qi Deficiency
Clinical Manifestations of Qi Sinking
Qi Deficiency... • Qi Sinking... • Qi Stagnation... • Rebellious Qi
low energy, weak organ functioning... [Slight shortness of br…
More severe Qi Deficiency... Qi Def. is implied
[Feeling of bearing down, heaviness, tired, listless, menta…
4 Qi Disharmonies
Qi Deficiency... • Qi Sinking... • Qi Stagnation... • Rebellious Qi
Qi Deficiency Clinical Manifestations:
low energy, weak organ functioning... [Slight shortness of br…
Etiology: Pathological body fluids and blood stagnation
Describe the quality of pain with bloo…
Describe the quality of masses with bl…
Describe the quality of bleeding with…
Where might you see purple on the body…
1. Fixed... 2. Sharp, stabbing... 3. Worse with palpation/pressure…
1. Fixed/immobile... 2. Purple, blue-green
1. Dark, purple blood... 2. Clots
1. Complexion... 2. Nail beds... 3. Lips
Describe the quality of pain with bloo…
1. Fixed... 2. Sharp, stabbing... 3. Worse with palpation/pressure…
Describe the quality of masses with bl…
1. Fixed/immobile... 2. Purple, blue-green
APP Exam 3 - Renal Pathology and Body Fluids
What are the two overall groups of ren…
What does acute renal failure refer to?
What are frequent complications associ…
What does chronic renal failure refer…
Acute renal failure... Chronic renal failure
An acute decline in GFR that includes an increase in blood ur…
Damage to any portion of the kidney and hypotensive shock
End-stage renal disease characterized by severe and chronical…
What are the two overall groups of ren…
Acute renal failure... Chronic renal failure
What does acute renal failure refer to?
An acute decline in GFR that includes an increase in blood ur…
Body fluids
Segmented neutrophils
Reactive lymphocytes
Macrophage
plasma cells
Segmented neutrophils
Reactive lymphocytes
70 terms
Body Fluids
secretory diarrhea due to infection or…
pancreatitis
rheumatoid arthritis
fecal osmolality test
What type of diarrhea do these results suggest?
a pleural or peritoneal fluid amylase level two times higher…
a glucose concentration difference greater than 30mg/dL betwe…
what further testing would provide more diagnostic information?
secretory diarrhea due to infection or…
What type of diarrhea do these results suggest?
pancreatitis
a pleural or peritoneal fluid amylase level two times higher…
45 terms
Body Fluids
Solvent
Solutes
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
The term body fluid refers to the water, ______, in the body…
Electrolytes are _________ that form ion in ________ and can…
One of the two major compartments which includes all the wate…
One of the two major compartments which consist of all the fl…
Solvent
The term body fluid refers to the water, ______, in the body…
Solutes
Electrolytes are _________ that form ion in ________ and can…
98 terms
Body Fluids
Serous Membranes
Pleural Effusion
Chylous vs Pseudochylous (pleural)
Mesothelial Cells (Pleural Fluid)
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
Chylous... -milky/creamy... -lymphs primary cells... - ⇡ triglycerid…
Cavity Lining Cells... proliferative: clusters of mesothelial ce…
Serous Membranes
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
Pleural Effusion
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
79 terms
Pathology: Fluid
Edema
Types of Edema
Pneumonia is an example of ___________…
Pulonary edema is an example of ______…
A type of hemodynamic disorder that is characterized by incre…
Transudate - edema secondary to hydrodynamic derangement,…
Exudate
Transudate
Edema
A type of hemodynamic disorder that is characterized by incre…
Types of Edema
Transudate - edema secondary to hydrodynamic derangement,…
53 terms
Body Fluids
In order to do a C&S (culture and sens…
Urine drug SCREEN uses _____________ m…
Urine cytology is used for diagnosing…
How many times per day is CSF replaced…
clean catch
immunoassay; GC-MS (mass spec) and HPLC (liquid chromatography)
malignancy
3 times (500 ml made per day and there is about 150 mL)
In order to do a C&S (culture and sens…
clean catch
Urine drug SCREEN uses _____________ m…
immunoassay; GC-MS (mass spec) and HPLC (liquid chromatography)
27 terms
Body Fluids Quiz 3
Serous Membranes
Pleural Effusion
Chylous vs Pseudochylous (pleural)
Mesothelial Cells (Pleural Fluid)
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
Chylous... -milky/creamy... -lymphs primary cells... - ⇡ triglycerid…
Cavity Lining Cells... proliferative: clusters of mesothelial ce…
Serous Membranes
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
Pleural Effusion
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
Body Fluids: Synovial Fluid
Synovial fluid
2 cell types in synovial cavities
Synovial fluid purpose
Increase in joint fluid
Forms as ultrafiltrate of plasma. Found in synovial cavities.…
Phagocytic cells: clear away debris... and cells synthesizing fl…
Cushion, but also fluid is source of O2 and nutrients for car…
See this with inflammatory process. amount of lfuid present i…
Synovial fluid
Forms as ultrafiltrate of plasma. Found in synovial cavities.…
2 cell types in synovial cavities
Phagocytic cells: clear away debris... and cells synthesizing fl…
43 terms
Body Fluids
CSF is made by the brain's __ as an ul…
total adult CSF volume is __-__ mL; ne…
Specimen collection for CSF is by __
Order of draw for CSF is: Tube 1 __, T…
choroid plexus
140-170; 10-60
lumbar puncture
chemistry; microbiology; hematology
CSF is made by the brain's __ as an ul…
choroid plexus
total adult CSF volume is __-__ mL; ne…
140-170; 10-60
37 terms
Body Fluids
Semen composed of four fractions, each…
Testes
Epididymis
Seminal Vesicles
Testes - spermatid production... Epididymis - spermatozoa matura…
spermatid production
spermatozoa maturation (motility) - 5%
transport medium - 60 - 70%
Semen composed of four fractions, each…
Testes - spermatid production... Epididymis - spermatozoa matura…
Testes
spermatid production
18 terms
body fluids
aqua... hydr/o-
chol/e-... chol/o-
chyle... chyl/o-
dacry/o-... lacrima
water
bile
milky fluid - product of digestion
tears
aqua... hydr/o-
water
chol/e-... chol/o-
bile
29 terms
Body Fluids - Serous Fluid
Serous fluids
Serous Fluids
Function
Collection
Closed cavities of body... -Pleural... -Pericardial... -Peritoneal... Lin…
fluid between parietal and visceral membranes
Lubrication and Protection
Aseptic needle aspiration
Serous fluids
Closed cavities of body... -Pleural... -Pericardial... -Peritoneal... Lin…
Serous Fluids
fluid between parietal and visceral membranes
79 terms
BODY fluids
What are the reasons to look at CSF ce…
What is the normal color of CSF?
What is Xanthochromia ?
What is Xanthochromia usually due to?
1-meningitis ... 2- encephalitis ... 3- syphilis ... 4brain abcess/tum…
Clear colorless
Pink,orange yellow CSF supernatant
Hemoglobin
What are the reasons to look at CSF ce…
1-meningitis ... 2- encephalitis ... 3- syphilis ... 4brain abcess/tum…
What is the normal color of CSF?
Clear colorless
18 terms
Body Fluids
aqua, hydro
chole, cholo
chyle, chylo
dacryo, lacrima
water
bile
milky fluid
tears
aqua, hydro
water
chole, cholo
bile
32 terms
Body Fluids
diffusion
osmosis
tone of solutions
hypertonic solution
molecular movement along a gradient; due to temperature, grav…
water movement across a membrane
compares the osmotic pressure
plasma has a higher concentration than RBC
diffusion
molecular movement along a gradient; due to temperature, grav…
osmosis
water movement across a membrane
Fluids of the body
Water content of the body
What are solutes?
Electrolytes are?
Non electrolytes
Accounts for 60% of body weight for young adults,... varies with…
Solids that are dissolved in body fluids.... Electrolytes and No…
Chemicals that can conduct electricity, for example Potassium…
Do not conduct electricity, for example glucose, lipids, and…
Water content of the body
Accounts for 60% of body weight for young adults,... varies with…
What are solutes?
Solids that are dissolved in body fluids.... Electrolytes and No…
44 terms
Body fluids
Where is CSF produced
Cloudy, turbid, or milky CSF can be du…
Xanthochromic CSF can be due to
Where are 4 tubes sent?
choroid plexuses of the two lumbar ventricles and the third a…
increased protein or lipid concentration; infection, presence…
presence of RBCs, elevated serum bilirubin, presence of carot…
heme, chem, micro, heme
Where is CSF produced
choroid plexuses of the two lumbar ventricles and the third a…
Cloudy, turbid, or milky CSF can be du…
increased protein or lipid concentration; infection, presence…
75 terms
Body Fluids
Total Body Water
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
1/3 (20% of body weight) is ____
¼ of extracellular fluid volume is _____
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
intracellular.
extracellular
intravascular
Total Body Water
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
intracellular.
75 terms
Body Fluids
Total Body Water
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
1/3 (20% of body weight) is ____
¼ of extracellular fluid volume is _____
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
intracellular.
extracellular
intravascular
Total Body Water
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
intracellular.
15 terms
Body Fluids
135-145 mM
3.5-5 mM
kg
L
Plasma Na (sodium) range:
Plasma K (potassium) range:
osmolality = number of particles per _________ water
osmolarity = number of particles per ____________ water
135-145 mM
Plasma Na (sodium) range:
3.5-5 mM
Plasma K (potassium) range:
Body Fluids
aqua, hydro
chole, cholo
chyle, chylo
dacryo, lacrima
water
bile
milky fluid- product of digestion
tears
aqua, hydro
water
chole, cholo
bile
12 terms
Body Fluids
crin/o, -crine
dacry/o, lacrim/o
hem/o, hemat/o
hidr/o
secrete
tear, crying
blood
sweat
crin/o, -crine
secrete
dacry/o, lacrim/o
tear, crying
42 terms
Body Fluids
Why collect body fluids?
Two acceptable way to collect urine ar…
Urine pregnancy test
Urine drug screen: immunoassay
1. Inflammatory/reactive process... 2. Neoplastic processes... 3. c…
By clean catch or catheterized
Looks for hCG. Use 1st morning urine
Screening tool. The specificity varies. This test is qualitat…
Why collect body fluids?
1. Inflammatory/reactive process... 2. Neoplastic processes... 3. c…
Two acceptable way to collect urine ar…
By clean catch or catheterized
26 terms
S2 Greek names for body fluids and pathological states/processes
haem-
hydr-
lip-
lith-
blood
water
fat
stone
haem-
blood
hydr-
water
21 terms
Body Fluids
60-40-20
Plasma Osmolarity calculated by:
Low oncotic pressure means:
Darrow Yannet Diagram
- 60% of body is water... - 40% body weight intracellular fluid…
= (2 x Plasma Na) + (glucose/18) + (BUN/2.8)... - bun is uric acid
- It'll give up water easier
60-40-20
- 60% of body is water... - 40% body weight intracellular fluid…
Plasma Osmolarity calculated by:
= (2 x Plasma Na) + (glucose/18) + (BUN/2.8)... - bun is uric acid
55 terms
Body Fluids
What are the major kidney functions?
Preview: Renin pathway
What are some examples of metabolic wa…
What types of hormones does the kidney…
- removal of waste products from metabolism and ingested toxi…
- urea... - creatinine... - uric acid... - Hb breakdown... - hormones... - t…
- renin... - angiotensin I... - angiotensin II... - aldosterone
What are the major kidney functions?
- removal of waste products from metabolism and ingested toxi…
Preview: Renin pathway
Body Fluids
Why do you test CSF? When do you test?
CSF rate
CSF volume
CSF formation
To diagnose a disease or condition affecting the *central ner…
20mL/min
adults: 90-150 mL... Neonate: 10-60 mL
Hydrostatic pressure & active transport. NOT an ultrafiltrate.
Why do you test CSF? When do you test?
To diagnose a disease or condition affecting the *central ner…
CSF rate
20mL/min
Body Fluids
Function of body fluids
ICF water amount
ICF electrolyte concentrations
ECF fluids
To transport gases, nutrients and wastes and help to generate…
2/3 of our water is in ICF... within the cell
o Very small amounts calcium... o Small amounts of Na, Cl, bicar…
1/3 of our water is in the ECF... outside of the cells... o Inte…
Function of body fluids
To transport gases, nutrients and wastes and help to generate…
ICF water amount
2/3 of our water is in ICF... within the cell
69 terms
Body Fluids
Name the body fluid compartments
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Interstitial fluid
1. Intracellular fluid... 2. Extracellular fluid... 3. Interstitial…
The fluid inside the cells of the body
All of the fluid outside the cells of the body
- Most significant fluid in the body... - 3/4 of the extracellul…
Name the body fluid compartments
1. Intracellular fluid... 2. Extracellular fluid... 3. Interstitial…
Intracellular fluid
The fluid inside the cells of the body
6 terms
Body fluids
Outline the fluid compartments of the…
Define osmolarity and describe how osm…
Identify the sources of water input an…
Outline mechanisms of salt/mineral bal…
Electrolyte is found in the greatest concentration within the…
Osmolarity = the concentration of a solution expressed as the…
Water gains: thirst mechanism - triggered in response to an i…
The electrolyte(s) with the greatest concentration in the flu…
Outline the fluid compartments of the…
Electrolyte is found in the greatest concentration within the…
Define osmolarity and describe how osm…
Osmolarity = the concentration of a solution expressed as the…
body fluids
types of body fluids
functions of body fluids
bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)
CSF
blood, csf, urine, sweat, tears, serous fluid
lubricate, cushion, nutrition, waste removal
bronchial washings
cerebrospinal fluid
types of body fluids
blood, csf, urine, sweat, tears, serous fluid
functions of body fluids
lubricate, cushion, nutrition, waste removal
22 terms
Body Fluids
Fluid
Fluid Compartments - Intracellular
Fluid Compartments - Extracellular
Homeostasis is the Goal
- help dispose of waste products ... - contains water, electroly…
- inside the cells ... - 2/3 of body fluids ... - 28 Liters inside…
- outside the cells ... - 1/3 of body fluids... - Interstitial (bet…
- Balance of the fluids in compartments throughout the body... -…
Fluid
- help dispose of waste products ... - contains water, electroly…
Fluid Compartments - Intracellular
- inside the cells ... - 2/3 of body fluids ... - 28 Liters inside…
Body Fluids
Water of Oxidation
Insensible Water Loss
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Small amount of water that is produced as a by-product of a c…
Water that is lost through respiration, which diffuses passiv…
Fluid within the cell, two thirds of Total Body Water (TBW)
Fluid outside the cell, one third of Total Body Water (TBW)
Water of Oxidation
Small amount of water that is produced as a by-product of a c…
Insensible Water Loss
Water that is lost through respiration, which diffuses passiv…
Body Fluids
aqua, hydro-
chole-, cholo-
chyle, chylo-
dacryo-, larcrima
water
bile
milkly fluid - product of digestion
tears
aqua, hydro-
water
chole-, cholo-
bile
34 terms
Body fluids
Physiology
% of water in various tissues
SKIN
Muscles
→the study of the normal functional activities in the healthy…
...
70%
75%
Physiology
→the study of the normal functional activities in the healthy…
% of water in various tissues
...
18 terms
Body fluids
body weight tree
blood volume
osmolality for body compartments
calculating equivalents of a charged s…
TBW is 60% body weight... (2/3) is ICF, (1/3) is ECF... the ECF fur…
45% Hct, 55% plasma
285 (300) mOsm/kg
mEg = zi*mM
body weight tree
TBW is 60% body weight... (2/3) is ICF, (1/3) is ECF... the ECF fur…
blood volume
45% Hct, 55% plasma
Body Fluids
Cerebral Spine Fluid
Amniotic Fluid
Pericardium
Pericardial
Liquid that circulates within the cavities surrounding the br…
Surrounding & cushioning the fetus in the uterus
Fluid filled sac surrounding the heart
Aspirated from the cavity surrounding the heart
Cerebral Spine Fluid
Liquid that circulates within the cavities surrounding the br…
Amniotic Fluid
Surrounding & cushioning the fetus in the uterus
58 terms
Body Fluids
dehydration
edema
extracellular fluid volume deficit
extracellular fluid volume excess
Excessive loss of water from the body tissues accompanied by…
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tiss…
is present when there is insufficient isotonic fluid in the e…
occurs when there is too much isotonic fluid in the extracell…
dehydration
Excessive loss of water from the body tissues accompanied by…
edema
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tiss…
body fluids
aqua-, lympho-
chole-
chyle-
dacryo-, lacrimo-
water
bile or gall
lymph or fat
tears
aqua-, lympho-
water
chole-
bile or gall
45 terms
Body Fluids
Bodily fluid in a healthy young adult is
Bodily fluid is a function of a person's
TBW% for a normal male
TBW% for a normal female
60% water of the body mass
age, weight, gender and relative amount of bodily fat
60
50
Bodily fluid in a healthy young adult is
60% water of the body mass
Bodily fluid is a function of a person's
age, weight, gender and relative amount of bodily fat
body fluids
gas's partial pressure is a ______
in medicine pressure is measured by
lungs expand on
partial pressure of air going into the…
molar fraction of total number of moles of all gasses
mmHg (millimeters of mercury)
negative pressure
higher
gas's partial pressure is a ______
molar fraction of total number of moles of all gasses
in medicine pressure is measured by
mmHg (millimeters of mercury)
Body Fluids
Intracellular
Extra cellular
Interstitial fluid
Blood plasma
Within body cells
Outside body cells
Between cells within tissue
In blood vessels
Intracellular
Within body cells
Extra cellular
Outside body cells
20 terms
Body Fluids
aqua-; lympho-
chole-
chyle-
dacryo-; lacrimo-
water
bile or gall
lymph and fat
tears
aqua-; lympho-
water
chole-
bile or gall
Body Fluids
water is _____% of total body weight
for men, total body water = _____% bod…
for women, total body water = _____% b…
ICF = _____% total body water
50-70%
60% (42 L)
50% (35 L)
60%
water is _____% of total body weight
50-70%
for men, total body water = _____% bod…
60% (42 L)
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