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Study sets matching "pathology of body fluids"

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Study sets matching "pathology of body fluids"

107 terms
Clinical Pathology- Body Fluids
hCG
qualitative
qualitative
immunoassay
presence is tested for by urine pregnancy test
urine pregnancy test is (qualitative/quantitative)
urine drug screen is (qualitative/quantitative)
method used by urine drug screening tests
hCG
presence is tested for by urine pregnancy test
qualitative
urine pregnancy test is (qualitative/quantitative)
93 terms
Qi, Blood and Body Fluid Pathology- Fundamentals
4 Qi Disharmonies
Qi Deficiency Clinical Manifestations:
Qi Sinking compared to Qi Deficiency
Clinical Manifestations of Qi Sinking
Qi Deficiency... • Qi Sinking... • Qi Stagnation... • Rebellious Qi
low energy, weak organ functioning... [Slight shortness of br…
More severe Qi Deficiency... Qi Def. is implied
[Feeling of bearing down, heaviness, tired, listless, menta…
4 Qi Disharmonies
Qi Deficiency... • Qi Sinking... • Qi Stagnation... • Rebellious Qi
Qi Deficiency Clinical Manifestations:
low energy, weak organ functioning... [Slight shortness of br…
44 terms
Pathology - Disturbances of Blood Flow & Body Fluids
% of water of a person's body weight
% breakdown of water in body
Survival of cells depend on
Normal fluid balance depend on
60%
1/3 Extracellular ... - 5% plasma... - 15% interstitial... 2/3 Intrac…
1. oxygen provided in blood supply... 2. normal fluid balance
1. Starling's force... 2. Systemic factors:... - intact circulatio…
% of water of a person's body weight
60%
% breakdown of water in body
1/3 Extracellular ... - 5% plasma... - 15% interstitial... 2/3 Intrac…
57 terms
APP Exam 3 - Renal Pathology and Body Fluids
What are the two overall groups of ren…
What does acute renal failure refer to?
What are frequent complications associ…
What does chronic renal failure refer…
Acute renal failure... Chronic renal failure
An acute decline in GFR that includes an increase in blood ur…
Damage to any portion of the kidney and hypotensive shock
End-stage renal disease characterized by severe and chronical…
What are the two overall groups of ren…
Acute renal failure... Chronic renal failure
What does acute renal failure refer to?
An acute decline in GFR that includes an increase in blood ur…
Body fluids
Segmented neutrophils
Reactive lymphocytes
Macrophage
plasma cells
Segmented neutrophils
Reactive lymphocytes
70 terms
Body Fluids
secretory diarrhea due to infection or…
pancreatitis
rheumatoid arthritis
fecal osmolality test
What type of diarrhea do these results suggest?
a pleural or peritoneal fluid amylase level two times higher…
a glucose concentration difference greater than 30mg/dL betwe…
what further testing would provide more diagnostic information?
secretory diarrhea due to infection or…
What type of diarrhea do these results suggest?
pancreatitis
a pleural or peritoneal fluid amylase level two times higher…
45 terms
Body Fluids
Solvent
Solutes
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
Extracellular fluid (ECF)
The term body fluid refers to the water, ______, in the body…
Electrolytes are _________ that form ion in ________ and can…
One of the two major compartments which includes all the wate…
One of the two major compartments which consist of all the fl…
Solvent
The term body fluid refers to the water, ______, in the body…
Solutes
Electrolytes are _________ that form ion in ________ and can…
98 terms
Body Fluids
Serous Membranes
Pleural Effusion
Chylous vs Pseudochylous (pleural)
Mesothelial Cells (Pleural Fluid)
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
Chylous... -milky/creamy... -lymphs primary cells... - ⇡ triglycerid…
Cavity Lining Cells... proliferative: clusters of mesothelial ce…
Serous Membranes
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
Pleural Effusion
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
78 terms
Pathology: Fluid
Edema
Types of Edema
Pneumonia is an example of ___________…
Pulonary edema is an example of ______…
A type of hemodynamic disorder that is characterized by incre…
Transudate - edema secondary to hydrodynamic derangement,…
Exudate
Transudate
Edema
A type of hemodynamic disorder that is characterized by incre…
Types of Edema
Transudate - edema secondary to hydrodynamic derangement,…
26 terms
S2 Greek names for body fluids and pathological states/processes
haem-
hydr-
lip-
lith-
blood
water
fat
stone
haem-
blood
hydr-
water
53 terms
Body Fluids
In order to do a C&S (culture and sens…
Urine drug SCREEN uses _____________ m…
Urine cytology is used for diagnosing…
How many times per day is CSF replaced…
clean catch
immunoassay; GC-MS (mass spec) and HPLC (liquid chromatography)
malignancy
3 times (500 ml made per day and there is about 150 mL)
In order to do a C&S (culture and sens…
clean catch
Urine drug SCREEN uses _____________ m…
immunoassay; GC-MS (mass spec) and HPLC (liquid chromatography)
37 terms
Body Fluids
Semen composed of four fractions, each…
Testes
Epididymis
Seminal Vesicles
Testes - spermatid production... Epididymis - spermatozoa matura…
spermatid production
spermatozoa maturation (motility) - 5%
transport medium - 60 - 70%
Semen composed of four fractions, each…
Testes - spermatid production... Epididymis - spermatozoa matura…
Testes
spermatid production
18 terms
body fluids
aqua... hydr/o-
chol/e-... chol/o-
chyle... chyl/o-
dacry/o-... lacrima
water
bile
milky fluid - product of digestion
tears
aqua... hydr/o-
water
chol/e-... chol/o-
bile
58 terms
Body Fluids
dehydration
edema
extracellular fluid volume deficit
extracellular fluid volume excess
Excessive loss of water from the body tissues accompanied by…
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tiss…
is present when there is insufficient isotonic fluid in the e…
occurs when there is too much isotonic fluid in the extracell…
dehydration
Excessive loss of water from the body tissues accompanied by…
edema
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tiss…
75 terms
Body Fluids
Total Body Water
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
1/3 (20% of body weight) is ____
¼ of extracellular fluid volume is _____
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
intracellular.
extracellular
intravascular
Total Body Water
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
intracellular.
15 terms
Body fluids
Osmotic pressure
Osmolarity
Osmolality
What is the standard osmolality for bo…
related to tthe number of particles present in a solution
No. of osmoles of solution per litre of solution
The measure of the osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent
290-300 mosmol/kg H2O
Osmotic pressure
related to tthe number of particles present in a solution
Osmolarity
No. of osmoles of solution per litre of solution
75 terms
Body Fluids
Total Body Water
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
1/3 (20% of body weight) is ____
¼ of extracellular fluid volume is _____
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
intracellular.
extracellular
intravascular
Total Body Water
50-60% of total body weight is water content.
2/3 (40% of body weight) is ____
intracellular.
15 terms
Body Fluids
135-145 mM
3.5-5 mM
kg
L
Plasma Na (sodium) range:
Plasma K (potassium) range:
osmolality = number of particles per _________ water
osmolarity = number of particles per ____________ water
135-145 mM
Plasma Na (sodium) range:
3.5-5 mM
Plasma K (potassium) range:
8 terms
Body Fluids
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
hypertonic contraction... At the new equi…
isotonic Contraction... Final state = ECF…
net H20 movement out of ICF because there is an osmotic press…
net H20 movement into ICF because there is an osmotic pressur…
Hypertonic
net H20 movement out of ICF because there is an osmotic press…
Hypotonic
net H20 movement into ICF because there is an osmotic pressur…
40 terms
Body Fluids
Total Body Water Equation
Components of Extracellular Fluid
Total Body Water is how much of Body M…
% of ICF and ECF in TBW
Total Body Water (TBW) = Intracellular Fluid (ICF) + Extracel…
1) Interstitial Fluid ... 2) Plasma Volume ... 3) Transcellular Flu…
TBW is 60% of Body Mass
1) ICF = 66% of TBW ... 2) ECF = 33% of TBW
Total Body Water Equation
Total Body Water (TBW) = Intracellular Fluid (ICF) + Extracel…
Components of Extracellular Fluid
1) Interstitial Fluid ... 2) Plasma Volume ... 3) Transcellular Flu…
27 terms
Body Fluids Quiz 3
Serous Membranes
Pleural Effusion
Chylous vs Pseudochylous (pleural)
Mesothelial Cells (Pleural Fluid)
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
Chylous... -milky/creamy... -lymphs primary cells... - ⇡ triglycerid…
Cavity Lining Cells... proliferative: clusters of mesothelial ce…
Serous Membranes
parietal membrane: lines the cavity wall... *visceral membran…
Pleural Effusion
thoracentesis... Normals: 3-20mL... Normal appearance - clear an…
79 terms
BODY fluids
What are the reasons to look at CSF ce…
What is the normal color of CSF?
What is Xanthochromia ?
What is Xanthochromia usually due to?
1-meningitis ... 2- encephalitis ... 3- syphilis ... 4brain abcess/tum…
Clear colorless
Pink,orange yellow CSF supernatant
Hemoglobin
What are the reasons to look at CSF ce…
1-meningitis ... 2- encephalitis ... 3- syphilis ... 4brain abcess/tum…
What is the normal color of CSF?
Clear colorless
9 terms
The body fluids
bilis
sangre
moco
flema
bile
blood
mucus
phlegm
bilis
bile
sangre
blood
29 terms
Body Fluids - Serous Fluid
Serous fluids
Serous Fluids
Function
Collection
Closed cavities of body... -Pleural... -Pericardial... -Peritoneal... Lin…
fluid between parietal and visceral membranes
Lubrication and Protection
Aseptic needle aspiration
Serous fluids
Closed cavities of body... -Pleural... -Pericardial... -Peritoneal... Lin…
Serous Fluids
fluid between parietal and visceral membranes
43 terms
Body Fluids
CSF is made by the brain's __ as an ul…
total adult CSF volume is __-__ mL; ne…
Specimen collection for CSF is by __
Order of draw for CSF is: Tube 1 __, T…
choroid plexus
140-170; 10-60
lumbar puncture
chemistry; microbiology; hematology
CSF is made by the brain's __ as an ul…
choroid plexus
total adult CSF volume is __-__ mL; ne…
140-170; 10-60
21 terms
Body Fluids
60-40-20
Plasma Osmolarity calculated by:
Low oncotic pressure means:
Darrow Yannet Diagram
- 60% of body is water... - 40% body weight intracellular fluid…
= (2 x Plasma Na) + (glucose/18) + (BUN/2.8)... - bun is uric acid
- It'll give up water easier
60-40-20
- 60% of body is water... - 40% body weight intracellular fluid…
Plasma Osmolarity calculated by:
= (2 x Plasma Na) + (glucose/18) + (BUN/2.8)... - bun is uric acid
55 terms
Body Fluids
What are the major kidney functions?
Preview: Renin pathway
What are some examples of metabolic wa…
What types of hormones does the kidney…
- removal of waste products from metabolism and ingested toxi…
- urea... - creatinine... - uric acid... - Hb breakdown... - hormones... - t…
- renin... - angiotensin I... - angiotensin II... - aldosterone
What are the major kidney functions?
- removal of waste products from metabolism and ingested toxi…
Preview: Renin pathway
18 terms
Body Fluids
aqua, hydro
chole, cholo
chyle, chylo
dacryo, lacrima
water
bile
milky fluid
tears
aqua, hydro
water
chole, cholo
bile
27 terms
Fluids of the body
Water content of the body
What are solutes?
Electrolytes are?
Non electrolytes
Accounts for 60% of body weight for young adults,... varies with…
Solids that are dissolved in body fluids.... Electrolytes and No…
Chemicals that can conduct electricity, for example Potassium…
Do not conduct electricity, for example glucose, lipids, and…
Water content of the body
Accounts for 60% of body weight for young adults,... varies with…
What are solutes?
Solids that are dissolved in body fluids.... Electrolytes and No…
69 terms
Body Fluids
Why do you test CSF? When do you test?
CSF rate
CSF volume
CSF formation
To diagnose a disease or condition affecting the *central ner…
20mL/min
adults: 90-150 mL... Neonate: 10-60 mL
Hydrostatic pressure & active transport. NOT an ultrafiltrate.
Why do you test CSF? When do you test?
To diagnose a disease or condition affecting the *central ner…
CSF rate
20mL/min
32 terms
Body Fluids
diffusion
osmosis
tone of solutions
hypertonic solution
molecular movement along a gradient; due to temperature, grav…
water movement across a membrane
compares the osmotic pressure
plasma has a higher concentration than RBC
diffusion
molecular movement along a gradient; due to temperature, grav…
osmosis
water movement across a membrane
10 terms
Body Fluids
bile
blood
mucus
phlegm
жовч
кров
слиз
мокрота
bile
жовч
blood
кров
19 terms
Body Fluids
Jin
Ye
Sources of body fluids
Body fluids and stomach
- Clear, light, thin, watery... - circulate with Wei qi... - distri…
- more turbid, heavy, dense... - circulate with nutritive qi und…
- originate from food and drink... - transformed and separated b…
- first step in production / digestive process... - stomach like…
Jin
- Clear, light, thin, watery... - circulate with Wei qi... - distri…
Ye
- more turbid, heavy, dense... - circulate with nutritive qi und…
69 terms
Body Fluids
Name the body fluid compartments
Intracellular fluid
Extracellular fluid
Interstitial fluid
1. Intracellular fluid... 2. Extracellular fluid... 3. Interstitial…
The fluid inside the cells of the body
All of the fluid outside the cells of the body
- Most significant fluid in the body... - 3/4 of the extracellul…
Name the body fluid compartments
1. Intracellular fluid... 2. Extracellular fluid... 3. Interstitial…
Intracellular fluid
The fluid inside the cells of the body
44 terms
Body fluids
Where is CSF produced
Cloudy, turbid, or milky CSF can be du…
Xanthochromic CSF can be due to
Where are 4 tubes sent?
choroid plexuses of the two lumbar ventricles and the third a…
increased protein or lipid concentration; infection, presence…
presence of RBCs, elevated serum bilirubin, presence of carot…
heme, chem, micro, heme
Where is CSF produced
choroid plexuses of the two lumbar ventricles and the third a…
Cloudy, turbid, or milky CSF can be du…
increased protein or lipid concentration; infection, presence…
18 terms
Body Fluids
aqua, hydro
chole, cholo
chyle, chylo
dacryo, lacrima
water
bile
milky fluid- product of digestion
tears
aqua, hydro
water
chole, cholo
bile
12 terms
Body Fluids
crin/o, -crine
dacry/o, lacrim/o
hem/o, hemat/o
hidr/o
secrete
tear, crying
blood
sweat
crin/o, -crine
secrete
dacry/o, lacrim/o
tear, crying
52 terms
Body Fluids
How much of the total body water is in…
How much of the total body water is ex…
What is the extracellular fluid (ECF)…
How is blood volume determined?
2/3
1/3
Plasma (20%)... Interstitial fluid (80%)
Plasma volume/1-Hct
How much of the total body water is in…
2/3
How much of the total body water is ex…
1/3
42 terms
Body Fluids
What is the normal volume for ingested…
What is the normal volume for metaboli…
What is the total amount of water inpu…
How much is out put by insensible skin?
2100 ml
200 mL
2300 mL
350 mL... ( insensible = you can't control it)
What is the normal volume for ingested…
2100 ml
What is the normal volume for metaboli…
200 mL
42 terms
Body Fluids
Why collect body fluids?
Two acceptable way to collect urine ar…
Urine pregnancy test
Urine drug screen: immunoassay
1. Inflammatory/reactive process... 2. Neoplastic processes... 3. c…
By clean catch or catheterized
Looks for hCG. Use 1st morning urine
Screening tool. The specificity varies. This test is qualitat…
Why collect body fluids?
1. Inflammatory/reactive process... 2. Neoplastic processes... 3. c…
Two acceptable way to collect urine ar…
By clean catch or catheterized
10 terms
The body fluids
bilis
sangre
moco
flema
bile
blood
mucus
phlegm
bilis
bile
sangre
blood
32 terms
Body Fluids
Function of body fluids
ICF water amount
ICF electrolyte concentrations
ECF fluids
To transport gases, nutrients and wastes and help to generate…
2/3 of our water is in ICF... within the cell
o Very small amounts calcium... o Small amounts of Na, Cl, bicar…
1/3 of our water is in the ECF... outside of the cells... o Inte…
Function of body fluids
To transport gases, nutrients and wastes and help to generate…
ICF water amount
2/3 of our water is in ICF... within the cell
8 terms
body fluids
aqua-, hydr/o-
chol/e-, chol/o-
dacry/o-, lacrima-
galact/o-, lac-
water
bile
tears
milks
aqua-, hydr/o-
water
chol/e-, chol/o-
bile
14 terms
Body fluids
Sangui
Serum
Ur/e
Adip/o
Blood
Clear portion of blood fluid
Urine or urea
Fat
Sangui
Blood
Serum
Clear portion of blood fluid
18 terms
Body fluids
Sten/o
Tachy
Therm/o
Aqua, hydr/o
Narrow
Rapid, fast
Heat
Water
Sten/o
Narrow
Tachy
Rapid, fast
28 terms
body fluids
types of body fluids
functions of body fluids
bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)
CSF
blood, csf, urine, sweat, tears, serous fluid
lubricate, cushion, nutrition, waste removal
bronchial washings
cerebrospinal fluid
types of body fluids
blood, csf, urine, sweat, tears, serous fluid
functions of body fluids
lubricate, cushion, nutrition, waste removal
22 terms
Body Fluids
Fluid
Fluid Compartments - Intracellular
Fluid Compartments - Extracellular
Homeostasis is the Goal
- help dispose of waste products ... - contains water, electroly…
- inside the cells ... - 2/3 of body fluids ... - 28 Liters inside…
- outside the cells ... - 1/3 of body fluids... - Interstitial (bet…
- Balance of the fluids in compartments throughout the body... -…
Fluid
- help dispose of waste products ... - contains water, electroly…
Fluid Compartments - Intracellular
- inside the cells ... - 2/3 of body fluids ... - 28 Liters inside…
10 terms
Body fluids
Body fluids
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Extracellular Fluid (ECF)
Interstitial Fluid
Dilute, water solutions found inside cells as well as surroun…
Fluid within the cells.
Fluid outside of the cells.
The ECF that fills narrow spaces between the cells of a tissue.
Body fluids
Dilute, water solutions found inside cells as well as surroun…
Intracellular Fluid (ICF)
Fluid within the cells.
18 terms
Body Fluids
aqua, hydro-
chole-, cholo-
chyle, chylo-
dacryo-, larcrima
water
bile
milkly fluid - product of digestion
tears
aqua, hydro-
water
chole-, cholo-
bile
34 terms
Body fluids
Physiology
% of water in various tissues
SKIN
Muscles
→the study of the normal functional activities in the healthy…
...
70%
75%
Physiology
→the study of the normal functional activities in the healthy…
% of water in various tissues
...
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