Study sets matching "pathology"

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Study sets matching "pathology"

77 terms
Pathology
List and explain 2 types of necrosis
What is liquefactive necrosis and give…
What is coagulative necrosis and give…
What is caseous necrosis and give exam…
COAGULATIVE NECROSIS: this occurs to denaturing of proteins (…
type of necrosis of tissue, ex in the brain ... > enzymatic dige…
ex: myocardial infarct ... degeneration of proteins ... in MI: ther…
>"cheesy" white appearance on gross specimens ... >characteristi…
List and explain 2 types of necrosis
COAGULATIVE NECROSIS: this occurs to denaturing of proteins (…
What is liquefactive necrosis and give…
type of necrosis of tissue, ex in the brain ... > enzymatic dige…
99 terms
Pathology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
Decrease in size and function of organ or tissue due to decre…
Increase in the size of cells resulting in larger/increased v…
Increase in the number of cells in organ or tissue. Breast hy…
The replacement of one differentiated cell type by another. F…
Atrophy
Decrease in size and function of organ or tissue due to decre…
Hypertrophy
Increase in the size of cells resulting in larger/increased v…
60 terms
Pathology
genetic inheritance pattern for marfan's
gene mutation that causes a mutation o…
mutated gene in ehler's danlos that pl…
CGG repeats
autosomal dom
fibrilin
tenascin-X
fragile X
genetic inheritance pattern for marfan's
autosomal dom
gene mutation that causes a mutation o…
fibrilin
Pathology
Normal human breast undergoes changes…
Lobules stain with?
lobule lactational change is determine…
lobule benign age related change:
Sex steroid hormones... Pituitary peptide hormones... Autocrine and…
lactalbumin
hobnail cytoplasm
columnar cell change
Normal human breast undergoes changes…
Sex steroid hormones... Pituitary peptide hormones... Autocrine and…
Lobules stain with?
lactalbumin
266 terms
Pathology
Histone modifications (methylation, ac…
DNA methylation
Lymphatic metastasis happens in what t…
Neoplasia definition
Methylation - lysine and arginine; transcriptionally activate…
Done by methyltransferases; silences
Carcinomas
uncontrolled disorderly proliferation of cells; result = new…
Histone modifications (methylation, ac…
Methylation - lysine and arginine; transcriptionally activate…
DNA methylation
Done by methyltransferases; silences
43 terms
Pathology
Atelectasis
Bronchiectasis
Cardiomegaly
Empyema
Collapsed lung Density Increase
chronic dilation of a bronchus Density Increase
abnormal enlargement of the heart Density Increase
pus in the pleural cavity Density Increase
Atelectasis
Collapsed lung Density Increase
Bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of a bronchus Density Increase
104 terms
Pathology
Attrition
Bruxism
Erosion
Abrasion
Physiologic loss of tooth to tooth structure
Pathologic form of attrition
Pathologic loss of tooth structure due to a chemical process…
Pathologic loss of tooth structure from mechanical process
Attrition
Physiologic loss of tooth to tooth structure
Bruxism
Pathologic form of attrition
78 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Monocasual theory of disease
Plasmalemma
Mitochondria
What is the general term for causes of disease?
What is the theory that subluxation is the cause of 95% disea…
What is the cellular organelle with a double phospholipid bil…
Which organelle has the Krebs cycle in the lumen?
Pathology
What is the general term for causes of disease?
Monocasual theory of disease
What is the theory that subluxation is the cause of 95% disea…
Pathology
Inherited disorder of tooth developmen…
Disorder associated with Paget's disea…
Elongated filiform papilla caused by b…
Found on the center of the dorsum of t…
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Cementum Hyperplasia
Black hairy tongue
Median Rhomboid
Inherited disorder of tooth developmen…
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Disorder associated with Paget's disea…
Cementum Hyperplasia
59 terms
Pathology:
Layers of epidermis?
Define Macule
Define Parakeratosis
Define Hypergranulosis
1. Straum basalis... 2. Stratum spinosum... 3. Stratum Granulosum... S…
Flat circumscribed lesion up to 5mm in diameter. Distinguishe…
Keratinisation with retention of the nuclei in the stratum co…
Hyerplasia of the statum granulosum
Layers of epidermis?
1. Straum basalis... 2. Stratum spinosum... 3. Stratum Granulosum... S…
Define Macule
Flat circumscribed lesion up to 5mm in diameter. Distinguishe…
Pathology
35. Chronic myeloid leukemia is charac…
36. Select the valid statement(s) abou…
37. Which of the following disease(s)…
38. Which of the following infectious…
1, 2, 3
2, 3, 4
1, 3
2
35. Chronic myeloid leukemia is charac…
1, 2, 3
36. Select the valid statement(s) abou…
2, 3, 4
34 terms
Pathology
what are 4 aspects of disease
what are the 3 non-lethal outcomes of…
what causes cell injury?
what are 4 intracellular systems are p…
1-etiology/cause- what caused the disease( genetic, acquired.…
1. altered cell function... 2. structural damage with permanent…
-metabolic- O2, nutrients... -physical... -chemical- CCl3- highly t…
1. cell membrane... 2. ATP production/respiration... 3. protein syn…
what are 4 aspects of disease
1-etiology/cause- what caused the disease( genetic, acquired.…
what are the 3 non-lethal outcomes of…
1. altered cell function... 2. structural damage with permanent…
165 terms
Pathology
features of apoptosis
radiation therapy causes apoptosis of…
apoptosis intrinsic pathway
Bcl-2
--programmed celld eath requiring ATP, either intrinsic or ex…
free radical formation and dsDNA breakage... --rapidly dividing…
tissue remodeling in embryogenesis... --occurs after a regulatin…
--antiapoptotic protein... --overexpressed in follicular lymphom…
features of apoptosis
--programmed celld eath requiring ATP, either intrinsic or ex…
radiation therapy causes apoptosis of…
free radical formation and dsDNA breakage... --rapidly dividing…
72 terms
Pathology
Three definitions of pathology
Mechanism of disease
Etiology Mnemonic:
Disease
-scientific discipline that studies of structural, molecular,…
-also called "pathogenesis" (injury + response to injury): th…
-vindicate... Vascular... Inflammatory... Neoplastic... Drug/to…
molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and organismic change cau…
Three definitions of pathology
-scientific discipline that studies of structural, molecular,…
Mechanism of disease
-also called "pathogenesis" (injury + response to injury): th…
PATHOLOGY
potential emergencies in patients with…
hyperthyroidism in children can lead t…
which of the following choices are pre…
radiation treatment carries a lifelong…
d
a
d
d
potential emergencies in patients with…
d
hyperthyroidism in children can lead t…
a
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Incidence/prevalance
Prognosis
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
the manner of development of a disease, the signs and symptoms
the occurrence,commonness, rate, or frequency of a disease
the likely course of a disease or ailment
Etiology
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
Pathogenesis
the manner of development of a disease, the signs and symptoms
96 terms
Pathology
Celiac Disease
Kartagener Syndrome
Adenocarcinoma
Pneumothorax
A disease where an autoimmune reaction to gluten kills microv…
A cilia protein mutation that leads to respiratory issues and…
A cancer that is derived from glandular epithelia.
When a rib fractures and punctures the pleural cavity. Called…
Celiac Disease
A disease where an autoimmune reaction to gluten kills microv…
Kartagener Syndrome
A cilia protein mutation that leads to respiratory issues and…
123 terms
Pathology
Tension pneumothorax
Jugular vein distention (JVD)
Paradoxical movement
Orthopnea
Injured lung completely collapses from air leaking into pleur…
>2/3 from base of neck to angle of jaw... *Trauma: serious injur…
When a section of the chest sinks inward upon inhalation whil…
Inability to breathe or shortness of breath while lying flat
Tension pneumothorax
Injured lung completely collapses from air leaking into pleur…
Jugular vein distention (JVD)
>2/3 from base of neck to angle of jaw... *Trauma: serious injur…
Pathology
Pathology
Health
Disease
Sign
- the study of disease and the structural and functional chan…
WHO- state of optimal physical, mental, and social well being
any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or…
observable evidence of disease EX vomiting, fever, loss of ROM
Pathology
- the study of disease and the structural and functional chan…
Health
WHO- state of optimal physical, mental, and social well being
44 terms
Pathology
Cardiac Pacemaker
Fibrillation
Varicose Veins
BNP Test
Sinoatrial node (SA Node) Located in the right atrium
Rapid and inefficient contractions of the heart
Enlarged veins caused by increased pressure. Malfunction of t…
Measurement of brain natriuretic peptide in blood. It is elev…
Cardiac Pacemaker
Sinoatrial node (SA Node) Located in the right atrium
Fibrillation
Rapid and inefficient contractions of the heart
373 terms
Pathology
edema and neutrophils in the tissue ch…
Inflammation arises in response to two…
hyperemia
What is the definition of/can happen d…
inflammation
1. infection: neutrophils eliminate pathogen... 2. tissue necros…
excess blood in vessels (congestion)... results in rubor and calor
process of reconstruction OR replacement of damaged tissue; p…
edema and neutrophils in the tissue ch…
inflammation
Inflammation arises in response to two…
1. infection: neutrophils eliminate pathogen... 2. tissue necros…
Pathology
V - vascular ... I - infectious/inflammat…
Hyperplasia and hypertrophy
Increase in cell number. ... It must be i…
Breast tissue during puberty or during…
What does the acronym VINDICATE stand for?
What 2 adaptations are caused by increased demand?
What is hyperplasia?
Give an example of hyperplasia.
V - vascular ... I - infectious/inflammat…
What does the acronym VINDICATE stand for?
Hyperplasia and hypertrophy
What 2 adaptations are caused by increased demand?
Pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases and…
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
to convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
a general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
hematology
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases and…
blood clot
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
18 terms
Pathology
fasciitis
fibromyalgia syndrome
tenodynia
Inflammation of the fascia
A debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, mu…
pain in the tendon
fasciitis
Inflammation of the fascia
fibromyalgia syndrome
A debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, mu…
Pathology
Hereditary telangiectasia
Corticosteroids
papilloma
Squamous cell carcinoma
are useful in treating many conditions, such as rashes, lupus…
Hereditary telangiectasia
Corticosteroids
are useful in treating many conditions, such as rashes, lupus…
136 terms
Pathology
Cartilage... - 3 components
Cartilage... - Mature chondrocytes
Cartilage... - Hyaline ("Gristle")
Cartilage... - Fibrocartilage
matrix (gel-like ground substance), fibers (elastic), cells (…
small nuclei with dispersed chromatin and basophilic (blue) c…
most common; bluish-white; aggregations of chondrocytes matri…
alternating layers of ground substance and dense collagen fib…
Cartilage... - 3 components
matrix (gel-like ground substance), fibers (elastic), cells (…
Cartilage... - Mature chondrocytes
small nuclei with dispersed chromatin and basophilic (blue) c…
Pathology
Addison's disease
Adrenal feminization
Adrenal virilism
Cushing's syndrome
Hyposecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include generalized…
Hypersecretion of estrogen by adrenal cortex in males; develo…
Hypersecretion of testosterone by adrenal cortex in females;…
Hypersecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include weakness,…
Addison's disease
Hyposecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include generalized…
Adrenal feminization
Hypersecretion of estrogen by adrenal cortex in males; develo…
87 terms
Pathology
pathology
Pathogenesis
ischemia
Hiatal Hernia
Disease
stages of disease
restriction of blood flow to a given tissue
Enlargement of lower esophageal sphincter
pathology
Disease
Pathogenesis
stages of disease
30 terms
Pathology
pathology
disease
etiology
exacerbation
study of disease
body condition of abnormal function
causative factors, disease origins
symptoms become more severe
pathology
study of disease
disease
body condition of abnormal function
Pathology
chrondrosarcoma
osteosarcoma
metastases
joint effusion
malignant tumor arising from cartilage ​​​​​​​​cells
malignant, primary tumor of bone with bone or cartilage forma…
transfer of cancerous lesion from one ​​​​​​​​area to another
accumulation of fluid in joint associated with underlying con…
chrondrosarcoma
malignant tumor arising from cartilage ​​​​​​​​cells
osteosarcoma
malignant, primary tumor of bone with bone or cartilage forma…
Pathology
fibromyalgia
lateral epicondylitis
muscular dystrophy (MD)
pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
widespread aching and pain in muscles and soft tissues
inflammation of elbow muscles; caused by strong gripping; ten…
inherited disease with progressive muscle atrophy
one type of inherited muscular dystrophy; also called Duchenn…
fibromyalgia
widespread aching and pain in muscles and soft tissues
lateral epicondylitis
inflammation of elbow muscles; caused by strong gripping; ten…
Pathology
Hemophilia
Hyperlipdemia
Septicemia
Anemia
Genetic disorder; blood fails to clot due to lack of one clot…
Excessive level of lipids in the blood stream; risk factor fo…
Having bacteria or their toxins in the bloodstream; also call…
Group of conditions characterized by a reduction in number of…
Hemophilia
Genetic disorder; blood fails to clot due to lack of one clot…
Hyperlipdemia
Excessive level of lipids in the blood stream; risk factor fo…
Pathology
Pathogen
Prions
Bacteria
Spores
Disease-causing organism
Are unique among pathogens: they are composed of proteins, th…
Single-celled microorganisms that can survive outside a host
Coated bacteria that can survive for extended periods outside…
Pathogen
Disease-causing organism
Prions
Are unique among pathogens: they are composed of proteins, th…
75 terms
Pathology
Epithelial tissue... -lines tubes and cov…
Connective tissue... -ECM- few cells
Muscle tissue... -specialized for contrac…
Nervous tissue... -specialized to respond…
Epithelial tissue... -lines tubes and cov…
Connective tissue... -ECM- few cells
14 terms
Pathology
chromatolysis
psammoma bodies
thromboxane A2
Leukotriene B4
reaction of neuronal cell body to axonal injury.. round swell…
histologic finding seen in papillary carcinoma of thyroid, se…
causes vasoconstriction and aggregrates platelets.
Stimulates migration of neutrophils to site of injury.
chromatolysis
reaction of neuronal cell body to axonal injury.. round swell…
psammoma bodies
histologic finding seen in papillary carcinoma of thyroid, se…
Pathology
Tori
Epulis
Opercula
Angular cheilitis
...
...
...
Tori
...
Epulis
...
65 terms
Pathology
define etiology
5 etiologies of disease
What are the types of Acquired diseases
signs of inflammation
causes or origins of disease
genetic, congenital, acquired, idiopathic, Iatrogenic
viral, prions, bacteria, protozoan parasites, metazoan parasi…
heat, redness, swelling, pain, loss of function
define etiology
causes or origins of disease
5 etiologies of disease
genetic, congenital, acquired, idiopathic, Iatrogenic
15 terms
Pathology
Tb
adaptation
hypertrophy
hyperplasia
-mycobacterium Tb... -caseating granuloma
Hypertrophy... Increase in cell size with increase in organ size…
Cell size increase with a resultant increase in size of organ…
Increase in numbers of cells in the organ or tissue... -Result o…
Tb
-mycobacterium Tb... -caseating granuloma
adaptation
Hypertrophy... Increase in cell size with increase in organ size…
154 terms
Pathology
Pathology
disease
etiology
pathophysiology
The study of disease
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its syst…
Cause of disease... infection-chemical-physical-immune
The study of how normal physiologic processes are affected by…
Pathology
The study of disease
disease
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its syst…
28 terms
Pathology
Congo red stain... Apple-green birefringe…
India Ink Stain
Perl Stain
Orphan Annie Eyes
Amyloid
Cryptococcus
Haemachromatosis
Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Congo red stain... Apple-green birefringe…
Amyloid
India Ink Stain
Cryptococcus
94 terms
Pathology
Addison's Disease
Adenocarcinoma
Alzheimer's Disease
Antischkow Cells
Primary chronic adrenocortical insufficiency.
A malignant tumor with glandular formation upon histologic re…
The most common cause of dementia characterized by atrophy of…
Enlarged macrophages found in granulomas in association with…
Addison's Disease
Primary chronic adrenocortical insufficiency.
Adenocarcinoma
A malignant tumor with glandular formation upon histologic re…
390 terms
Pathology
[...] enterocytes transport iron from…
[...] binds iron in blood for transpor…
[...] binds intracellular iron for sto…
A patient has decreased Iron, increase…
Ferroportin... pg 390
Transferrin... pg 390
Ferritin... pg 390
Iron deficiency anemia... pg 390
[...] enterocytes transport iron from…
Ferroportin... pg 390
[...] binds iron in blood for transpor…
Transferrin... pg 390
94 terms
Pathology
dermatology (Derm, derm)
plastic surgery
abrasion... (ah-BRAY-zhun)
anhidrosis... (an-hi-DROH-sis)
dermat/o=skin... -logy=study of... Branch of medicine involving di…
surgical specialty involved in repair, reconstruction, or imp…
a scraping away of the skin surface by friction
an=without... hidr/o=sweat... -osis=abnormal condition... Abnormal con…
dermatology (Derm, derm)
dermat/o=skin... -logy=study of... Branch of medicine involving di…
plastic surgery
surgical specialty involved in repair, reconstruction, or imp…
54 terms
Pathology
chiropractic
orthopedics
podiatry
prosthetics
healthcare profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment…
branch of medicine specializing in making orthopedic applianc…
healthcare profession specializing in diagnosis and treatment…
healthcare profession specializing in making artificial body…
chiropractic
healthcare profession concerned with diagnosis and treatment…
orthopedics
branch of medicine specializing in making orthopedic applianc…
PATHOLOGY
CYTOLOGY
DIAGNOSTIC CYTOLOGY
USES OF DIAGNOSTIC CYTOLOGY
ADVANTAGES OF CYTOLOGY
microscopic study of exfoliated cells, extracted from tissue…
study of cellular changes in disease
identify causative agent... determine further treatment... staging…
easy & quick... minimal equipment & supplies... minimally invasive…
CYTOLOGY
microscopic study of exfoliated cells, extracted from tissue…
DIAGNOSTIC CYTOLOGY
study of cellular changes in disease
54 terms
Pathology
Auscultation
Pleural rub
Rales
Rhonchi
- Listening to the lungs
- Scratchy sound produced by both pleural surfaces rubbing ag…
- Crackle sound typically heard on inspiration... - Means there…
- Abnormal rubbing sound heard on expiration... - Due to excessi…
Auscultation
- Listening to the lungs
Pleural rub
- Scratchy sound produced by both pleural surfaces rubbing ag…
178 terms
Pathology
Briefly describe the three lines of im…
Briefly describe the five ways in whic…
What is the benefit of immunological m…
Condition
1. Skin and mucous membranes... 2. Antimicrobial proteins, macro…
IgG - primary + secondary response, most common, antibacteria…
Post primary response T and B cells join in memory pools. The…
A state of being specifically in reference to physical or men…
Briefly describe the three lines of im…
1. Skin and mucous membranes... 2. Antimicrobial proteins, macro…
Briefly describe the five ways in whic…
IgG - primary + secondary response, most common, antibacteria…
45 terms
Pathology
extrinsic apoptosis
lipofuscin
CCl4
growth factors
FASL or perforin/granzyme secretion from a CD8... -FAS receptor…
yellow-brown perinuclear pigment from free radical injury and…
carbon tetrachloride; carcinogen, reacts with CYP 450 to form…
a subtype of cytokines, spur growth and differentiation by ca…
extrinsic apoptosis
FASL or perforin/granzyme secretion from a CD8... -FAS receptor…
lipofuscin
yellow-brown perinuclear pigment from free radical injury and…
48 terms
Pathology
Alport Syndrome (Hereditary Glomerulon…
Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome
Berger Disease
PKD1 and PKD2
Mutation in the gene encoding the alpha 5 chain of type 4 col…
Mutations in the nephrin gene (NPHS1)
Proliferation of mesangial cells is... a prominent feature in th…
What are the mutations in ADPKD?
Alport Syndrome (Hereditary Glomerulon…
Mutation in the gene encoding the alpha 5 chain of type 4 col…
Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome
Mutations in the nephrin gene (NPHS1)
23 terms
Pathology
Gemination
Fusion
Concrescence
Taurodontism
-twinning... -single enlarged tooth in which two teeth form from…
-enlarged tooth in which the tooth count is normal
-union of teeth by cementum
-Bull's teeth... -large pulp chamber with furcation close to the…
Gemination
-twinning... -single enlarged tooth in which two teeth form from…
Fusion
-enlarged tooth in which the tooth count is normal
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