How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "pathology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "pathology"

160 terms
Pathology
Normal human breast undergoes changes…
Lobules stain with?
lobule lactational change is determine…
lobule benign age related change:
Sex steroid hormones... Pituitary peptide hormones... Autocrine and…
lactalbumin
hobnail cytoplasm
columnar cell change
Normal human breast undergoes changes…
Sex steroid hormones... Pituitary peptide hormones... Autocrine and…
Lobules stain with?
lactalbumin
43 terms
Pathology
Atelectasis
Bronchiectasis
Cardiomegaly
Empyema
Collapsed lung Density Increase
chronic dilation of a bronchus Density Increase
abnormal enlargement of the heart Density Increase
pus in the pleural cavity Density Increase
Atelectasis
Collapsed lung Density Increase
Bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of a bronchus Density Increase
67 terms
Pathology
Inherited disorder of tooth developmen…
Disorder associated with Paget's disea…
Elongated filiform papilla caused by b…
Found on the center of the dorsum of t…
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Cementum Hyperplasia
Black hairy tongue
Median Rhomboid
Inherited disorder of tooth developmen…
Amelogenesis Imperfecta
Disorder associated with Paget's disea…
Cementum Hyperplasia
104 terms
Pathology
Attrition
Bruxism
Erosion
Abrasion
Physiologic loss of tooth to tooth structure
Pathologic form of attrition
Pathologic loss of tooth structure due to a chemical process…
Pathologic loss of tooth structure from mechanical process
Attrition
Physiologic loss of tooth to tooth structure
Bruxism
Pathologic form of attrition
34 terms
Pathology
what are 4 aspects of disease
what are the 3 non-lethal outcomes of…
what causes cell injury?
what are 4 intracellular systems are p…
1-etiology/cause- what caused the disease( genetic, acquired.…
1. altered cell function... 2. structural damage with permanent…
-metabolic- O2, nutrients... -physical... -chemical- CCl3- highly t…
1. cell membrane... 2. ATP production/respiration... 3. protein syn…
what are 4 aspects of disease
1-etiology/cause- what caused the disease( genetic, acquired.…
what are the 3 non-lethal outcomes of…
1. altered cell function... 2. structural damage with permanent…
59 terms
Pathology:
Layers of epidermis?
Define Macule
Define Parakeratosis
Define Hypergranulosis
1. Straum basalis... 2. Stratum spinosum... 3. Stratum Granulosum... S…
Flat circumscribed lesion up to 5mm in diameter. Distinguishe…
Keratinisation with retention of the nuclei in the stratum co…
Hyerplasia of the statum granulosum
Layers of epidermis?
1. Straum basalis... 2. Stratum spinosum... 3. Stratum Granulosum... S…
Define Macule
Flat circumscribed lesion up to 5mm in diameter. Distinguishe…
165 terms
Pathology
features of apoptosis
radiation therapy causes apoptosis of…
apoptosis intrinsic pathway
Bcl-2
--programmed celld eath requiring ATP, either intrinsic or ex…
free radical formation and dsDNA breakage... --rapidly dividing…
tissue remodeling in embryogenesis... --occurs after a regulatin…
--antiapoptotic protein... --overexpressed in follicular lymphom…
features of apoptosis
--programmed celld eath requiring ATP, either intrinsic or ex…
radiation therapy causes apoptosis of…
free radical formation and dsDNA breakage... --rapidly dividing…
72 terms
Pathology
Three definitions of pathology
Mechanism of disease
Etiology Mnemonic:
Disease
-scientific discipline that studies of structural, molecular,…
-also called "pathogenesis" (injury + response to injury): th…
-vindicate... Vascular... Inflammatory... Neoplastic... Drug/to…
molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and organismic change cau…
Three definitions of pathology
-scientific discipline that studies of structural, molecular,…
Mechanism of disease
-also called "pathogenesis" (injury + response to injury): th…
29 terms
Pathology
35. Chronic myeloid leukemia is charac…
36. Select the valid statement(s) abou…
37. Which of the following disease(s)…
38. Which of the following infectious…
1, 2, 3
2, 3, 4
1, 3
2
35. Chronic myeloid leukemia is charac…
1, 2, 3
36. Select the valid statement(s) abou…
2, 3, 4
78 terms
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Incidence/prevalance
Prognosis
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
the manner of development of a disease, the signs and symptoms
the occurrence,commonness, rate, or frequency of a disease
the likely course of a disease or ailment
Etiology
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
Pathogenesis
the manner of development of a disease, the signs and symptoms
373 terms
Pathology
edema and neutrophils in the tissue ch…
Inflammation arises in response to two…
hyperemia
What is the definition of/can happen d…
inflammation
1. infection: neutrophils eliminate pathogen... 2. tissue necros…
excess blood in vessels (congestion)... results in rubor and calor
process of reconstruction OR replacement of damaged tissue; p…
edema and neutrophils in the tissue ch…
inflammation
Inflammation arises in response to two…
1. infection: neutrophils eliminate pathogen... 2. tissue necros…
27 terms
Pathology
hematology
blood clot
coagulate
dyscrasia
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases and…
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
to convert from a liquid to a gel or solid, as in blood coagu…
a general term indicating the presence of a disease affecting…
hematology
branch of medicine specializing in treatment of diseases and…
blood clot
the hard collection of fibrin, blood cells, and tissue debris…
63 terms
Pathology
V - vascular ... I - infectious/inflammat…
Hyperplasia and hypertrophy
Increase in cell number. ... It must be i…
Breast tissue during puberty or during…
What does the acronym VINDICATE stand for?
What 2 adaptations are caused by increased demand?
What is hyperplasia?
Give an example of hyperplasia.
V - vascular ... I - infectious/inflammat…
What does the acronym VINDICATE stand for?
Hyperplasia and hypertrophy
What 2 adaptations are caused by increased demand?
44 terms
Pathology
Cardiac Pacemaker
Fibrillation
Varicose Veins
BNP Test
Sinoatrial node (SA Node) Located in the right atrium
Rapid and inefficient contractions of the heart
Enlarged veins caused by increased pressure. Malfunction of t…
Measurement of brain natriuretic peptide in blood. It is elev…
Cardiac Pacemaker
Sinoatrial node (SA Node) Located in the right atrium
Fibrillation
Rapid and inefficient contractions of the heart
59 terms
Pathology
Tension pneumothorax
Jugular vein distention (JVD)
Paradoxical movement
Orthopnea
Inured lung completely collapses from air leaking into pleura…
>2/3 from base of neck to angle of jaw... *Trauma: serious injur…
When a section of the chest sinks inward upon inhalation whil…
Inability to breathe or shortness of breath while lying flat
Tension pneumothorax
Inured lung completely collapses from air leaking into pleura…
Jugular vein distention (JVD)
>2/3 from base of neck to angle of jaw... *Trauma: serious injur…
81 terms
Pathology
Celiac Disease
Kartagener Syndrome
Adenocarcinoma
Pneumothorax
A disease where an autoimmune reaction to gluten kills microv…
A cilia protein mutation that leads to respiratory issues and…
A cancer that is derived from glandular epithelia.
When a rib fractures and punctures the pleural cavity. Called…
Celiac Disease
A disease where an autoimmune reaction to gluten kills microv…
Kartagener Syndrome
A cilia protein mutation that leads to respiratory issues and…
18 terms
Pathology
fasciitis
fibromyalgia syndrome
tenodynia
Inflammation of the fascia
A debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, mu…
pain in the tendon
fasciitis
Inflammation of the fascia
fibromyalgia syndrome
A debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue, mu…
101 terms
Pathology
Hereditary telangiectasia
Corticosteroids
papilloma
Squamous cell carcinoma
are useful in treating many conditions, such as rashes, lupus…
Hereditary telangiectasia
Corticosteroids
are useful in treating many conditions, such as rashes, lupus…
19 terms
Pathology
Pyknosis
Karyolysis
Karyorrhexis
Hypertrophy
Shrunken Nucleus
Faded Nucleus
Fragmented Nucleus
Bigger Cells
Pyknosis
Shrunken Nucleus
Karyolysis
Faded Nucleus
136 terms
Pathology
Cartilage... - 3 components
Cartilage... - Mature chondrocytes
Cartilage... - Hyaline ("Gristle")
Cartilage... - Fibrocartilage
matrix (gel-like ground substance), fibers (elastic), cells (…
small nuclei with dispersed chromatin and basophilic (blue) c…
most common; bluish-white; aggregations of chondrocytes matri…
alternating layers of ground substance and dense collagen fib…
Cartilage... - 3 components
matrix (gel-like ground substance), fibers (elastic), cells (…
Cartilage... - Mature chondrocytes
small nuclei with dispersed chromatin and basophilic (blue) c…
24 terms
Pathology
Addison's disease
Adrenal feminization
Adrenal virilism
Cushing's syndrome
Hyposecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include generalized…
Hypersecretion of estrogen by adrenal cortex in males; develo…
Hypersecretion of testosterone by adrenal cortex in females;…
Hypersecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include weakness,…
Addison's disease
Hyposecretion of adrenal cortex; symptoms include generalized…
Adrenal feminization
Hypersecretion of estrogen by adrenal cortex in males; develo…
87 terms
Pathology
pathology
Pathogenesis
ischemia
Hiatal Hernia
Disease
stages of disease
restriction of blood flow to a given tissue
Enlargement of lower esophageal sphincter
pathology
Disease
Pathogenesis
stages of disease
13 terms
Pathology
Chronic
Acute
Systemic
Local
Continuing for a long time; continuous
Immediate protective response of the body
Not limited to the area of injury
Limited to the area of injury
Chronic
Continuing for a long time; continuous
Acute
Immediate protective response of the body
30 terms
Pathology
pathology
disease
etiology
exacerbation
study of disease
body condition of abnormal function
causative factors, disease origins
symptoms become more severe
pathology
study of disease
disease
body condition of abnormal function
Pathology
chrondrosarcoma
osteosarcoma
metastases
joint effusion
malignant tumor arising from cartilage ​​​​​​​​cells
malignant, primary tumor of bone with bone or cartilage forma…
transfer of cancerous lesion from one ​​​​​​​​area to another
accumulation of fluid in joint associated with underlying con…
chrondrosarcoma
malignant tumor arising from cartilage ​​​​​​​​cells
osteosarcoma
malignant, primary tumor of bone with bone or cartilage forma…
9 terms
Pathology
fibromyalgia
lateral epicondylitis
muscular dystrophy (MD)
pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
widespread aching and pain in muscles and soft tissues
inflammation of elbow muscles; caused by strong gripping; ten…
inherited disease with progressive muscle atrophy
one type of inherited muscular dystrophy; also called Duchenn…
fibromyalgia
widespread aching and pain in muscles and soft tissues
lateral epicondylitis
inflammation of elbow muscles; caused by strong gripping; ten…
14 terms
Pathology
Hemophilia
Hyperlipdemia
Septicemia
Anemia
Genetic disorder; blood fails to clot due to lack of one clot…
Excessive level of lipids in the blood stream; risk factor fo…
Having bacteria or their toxins in the bloodstream; also call…
Group of conditions characterized by a reduction in number of…
Hemophilia
Genetic disorder; blood fails to clot due to lack of one clot…
Hyperlipdemia
Excessive level of lipids in the blood stream; risk factor fo…
52 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Signs
Symptoms
Syndrome
The study of disease
objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure
A subjective indication of a disease or a change in condition…
A specific group of signs and symptoms that accompany a disease
Pathology
The study of disease
Signs
objective changes that a clinician can observe and measure
38 terms
Pathology
Pathogen
Prions
Bacteria
Spores
Disease-causing organism
Are unique among pathogens: they are composed of proteins, th…
Single-celled microorganisms that can survive outside a host
Coated bacteria that can survive for extended periods outside…
Pathogen
Disease-causing organism
Prions
Are unique among pathogens: they are composed of proteins, th…
75 terms
Pathology
Epithelial tissue... -lines tubes and cov…
Connective tissue... -ECM- few cells
Muscle tissue... -specialized for contrac…
Nervous tissue... -specialized to respond…
Epithelial tissue... -lines tubes and cov…
Connective tissue... -ECM- few cells
14 terms
Pathology
chromatolysis
psammoma bodies
thromboxane A2
Leukotriene B4
reaction of neuronal cell body to axonal injury.. round swell…
histologic finding seen in papillary carcinoma of thyroid, se…
causes vasoconstriction and aggregrates platelets.
Stimulates migration of neutrophils to site of injury.
chromatolysis
reaction of neuronal cell body to axonal injury.. round swell…
psammoma bodies
histologic finding seen in papillary carcinoma of thyroid, se…
33 terms
Pathology
Pathology
Organism
Micro-organism
Pathogen
The study of a disease
Any living thing, plant or animal
Is a very small organism that can be seen only by using a mic…
Is something that causes disease
Pathology
The study of a disease
Organism
Any living thing, plant or animal
112 terms
Pathology
Tori
Epulis
Opercula
Angular cheilitis
...
...
...
Tori
...
Epulis
...
6 terms
Pathology
Autoimmune hepatitis biopsy
Rosette on biopsy
Liver zones
Mallory body
interface hepatitis, portal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, ros…
Liver biopsy autoimmune. ... Small bowel - carcinoid
Blood flow is from zone 1 to zone 3
Alcoholic hepatitis biopsy. Also satellitosis. Central hyalin…
Autoimmune hepatitis biopsy
interface hepatitis, portal lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, ros…
Rosette on biopsy
Liver biopsy autoimmune. ... Small bowel - carcinoid
61 terms
Pathology
nephrology
urology
anuria
azotemia
branch of medicine involved in diagnosis and treatment of dis…
branch of medicine involved in diagnosis and treatment of dis…
complete suppression of urine formed by the kidneys and a com…
accumulation of nitrogenous waste in the bloodstream. Occurs…
nephrology
branch of medicine involved in diagnosis and treatment of dis…
urology
branch of medicine involved in diagnosis and treatment of dis…
84 terms
Pathology
4 Types of Cell Adaptation
2 Patterns of Cell Death
Difference between postmortem and ante…
3 Outcomes of Cell Injury
Hypertrophy, Atrophy, Hyperplasia, Metaplasia
Necrosis, Apoptosis
Antemortem will show a host immune system
Recovery, Die, Live Damaged
4 Types of Cell Adaptation
Hypertrophy, Atrophy, Hyperplasia, Metaplasia
2 Patterns of Cell Death
Necrosis, Apoptosis
39 terms
Pathology
Nemaline Rods
Nemaline Rods
Nemaline Rods
Nemaline Rods (EM)
Nemaline Rods
Nemaline Rods
104 terms
Pathology
increase in the size of cells
increase in number of cells
decrease in organ size
A change in stress on an organ leads t…
Hypertrophy
hyperplasia
atrophy
Metaplasia
increase in the size of cells
Hypertrophy
increase in number of cells
hyperplasia
154 terms
Pathology
Pathology
disease
etiology
pathophysiology
The study of disease
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its syst…
Cause of disease... infection-chemical-physical-immune
The study of how normal physiologic processes are affected by…
Pathology
The study of disease
disease
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its syst…
49 terms
Pathology
internal medicine
otorhinolaryngology
pulmonology
respiratory therapy
branch of medicine involving the diagnosis and treatment of d…
branch of medicine involving the diagnosis and treatment of c…
branch of medicine involved in the diagnosis and treatment of…
allied health specialty that assist patients with respiratory…
internal medicine
branch of medicine involving the diagnosis and treatment of d…
otorhinolaryngology
branch of medicine involving the diagnosis and treatment of c…
15 terms
Pathology
Tb
adaptation
hypertrophy
hyperplasia
-mycobacterium Tb... -caseating granuloma
Hypertrophy... Increase in cell size with increase in organ size…
Cell size increase with a resultant increase in size of organ…
Increase in numbers of cells in the organ or tissue... -Result o…
Tb
-mycobacterium Tb... -caseating granuloma
adaptation
Hypertrophy... Increase in cell size with increase in organ size…
Pathology
Lesion
diagnosis
prognosis
signs
structural change associated w/or brought about by disease. E…
the term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome; to r…
is the prediction of the outcome of disease
are the objective disturbances produced by disease, observed…
Lesion
structural change associated w/or brought about by disease. E…
diagnosis
the term denoting the naming of the disease or syndrome; to r…
70 terms
Pathology
List cellular adaptations
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Atrophy
Hypertrophy... Hyperplasia... Atrophy... Metaplasia... Dysplasia
Increase cell size and increase function. Increase in organ s…
Increase in number of cells. Increase in organ size. Can be p…
Reduction in size and number of cells leading to decrease in…
List cellular adaptations
Hypertrophy... Hyperplasia... Atrophy... Metaplasia... Dysplasia
Hypertrophy
Increase cell size and increase function. Increase in organ s…
8 terms
Pathology
Traumatic Ulcer
Frictional Keratosis
Linea Alba
nicotine stomatistis
Cause: Trauma to mucosa... Location: Site of trauma... Cx: Painful,…
Cause: Chronic friction against mucosal surface... Location: Sit…
Cause: Teeth clenching/habit... Location: Buccal mucosa at occlu…
Cause: smoking... Location: Hard palate... CX: White, opacification…
Traumatic Ulcer
Cause: Trauma to mucosa... Location: Site of trauma... Cx: Painful,…
Frictional Keratosis
Cause: Chronic friction against mucosal surface... Location: Sit…
19 terms
pathology
Porotic Hyperostosis
Cribia orbitalia
Rickets (osteomalacia)
enamel hypoplasia
--NUTRITION affect... --iron deficiency... --porous cancellous bone…
--NUTRITION affect... --form of porortic hyperostosis ... -bone les…
--NUTRITION affect... --"soft bones"... --Vitamin D deficiency ... -co…
--NUTRITION affect... --disturbance in enamel formation... --non-sp…
Porotic Hyperostosis
--NUTRITION affect... --iron deficiency... --porous cancellous bone…
Cribia orbitalia
--NUTRITION affect... --form of porortic hyperostosis ... -bone les…
65 terms
Pathology
define etiology
5 etiologies of disease
What are the types of Acquired diseases
signs of inflammation
causes or origins of disease
genetic, congenital, acquired, idiopathic, Iatrogenic
viral, prions, bacteria, protozoan parasites, metazoan parasi…
heat, redness, swelling, pain, loss of function
define etiology
causes or origins of disease
5 etiologies of disease
genetic, congenital, acquired, idiopathic, Iatrogenic
118 terms
Pathology
AV valve dysplasia
AV valve dysplasia, short chordae form
AV valve dysplasia, web form
"bread and butter" pericarditis, organ…
AV valve dysplasia
AV valve dysplasia, short chordae form
28 terms
Pathology
Congo red stain... Apple-green birefringe…
India Ink Stain
Perl Stain
Orphan Annie Eyes
Amyloid
Cryptococcus
Haemachromatosis
Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Congo red stain... Apple-green birefringe…
Amyloid
India Ink Stain
Cryptococcus
27 terms
Pathology
Necrosis
Papilloma
hypertrophy
hyperplasia
Necrosis
Papilloma
63 terms
Pathology
Endocervical cells
Endocervical cell function
Pap smear potential diagnoses
Haemoptysis
Line the endometrium and secrete mucin
Bacteria, fungi, viruses (HPV, HSV), protozoa, neoplasia
Coughing up blood
Endocervical cells
Endocervical cell function
Line the endometrium and secrete mucin
2 of 10