Study sets matching "pathophysiology chapter 1"

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Study sets matching "pathophysiology chapter 1"

28 terms
Pathophysiology-Chapter 1
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Biopsy
Autopsy
The study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
The laboratory study of cell and tissue changes associated wi…
The excision of very small amounts of living tissue
An examination of all or part of the body, performed after de…
Pathophysiology
The study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
Pathology
The laboratory study of cell and tissue changes associated wi…
58 terms
Understanding Pathophysiology Chapter 1
8 Cellular functions
Movement
Conductivity
Metabolic Absorption
1. Movement... 2. Conductivity... 3.Metabolic Absorption... 4.Secretio…
Muscle cells can generate forces that produce motion. Muscles…
Conduction as a response to a stimulus is manifested by a wav…
All cells can take in and use nutrients and other substances…
8 Cellular functions
1. Movement... 2. Conductivity... 3.Metabolic Absorption... 4.Secretio…
Movement
Muscle cells can generate forces that produce motion. Muscles…
22 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Pathogenesis
Etiology
Pathogen
Idiopathic
Disease beginning
Precise cause of disease
Disease causing microorganism
No known cause of disease
Pathogenesis
Disease beginning
Etiology
Precise cause of disease
39 terms
Pathophysiology - Porth chapter 1
Pathophysiology
Health
Disease
Etiology
The study of the structural and functional changes in cells,…
State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and…
An acute or chronic illness that one acquires or is born with…
Causes of disease, including biological agents, physical forc…
Pathophysiology
The study of the structural and functional changes in cells,…
Health
State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and…
34 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1 Vocab
Disease
Homeostasis
Disorder
Syndrome
a change in structure or function that is considered to be ab…
state of sameness or normalcy the body wants to maintain
derangement or abnormality of function or a pathologic condit…
group of symptoms, that can be caused by a specific disease o…
Disease
a change in structure or function that is considered to be ab…
Homeostasis
state of sameness or normalcy the body wants to maintain
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane
Plasma Membrane
"little organs"... Each cell has "little organs" with different…
A double layer of lipid molecules with carbohydrates and prot…
Selectively semipermeable; acts as a barrier ... Restricts intra…
Separates intracellular fluid (ICF) from extracellular fluid…
Organelles
"little organs"... Each cell has "little organs" with different…
Plasma Membrane
A double layer of lipid molecules with carbohydrates and prot…
Pathophysiology - Chapter 1
Homeostasis
Pathophysiology
Prophylactic Medication
Health science research process
Maintenance of relatively stable internal environment regardl…
Study of functional or physical changes in the body that resu…
Medication regiment to prevent the occurrence of a disease or…
1. Basic science, research carried out in lab and often requi…
Homeostasis
Maintenance of relatively stable internal environment regardl…
Pathophysiology
Study of functional or physical changes in the body that resu…
30 terms
Pathophysiology - Chapter 1
Nucleus
Ribosomes
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Golgi complex
Controls cell function.... DNA resides in the cell and stays in…
Site of protein synthesis - building of protein takes place... a…
Communication system within the cell.... Substances are transpor…
modification and packaging of proteins - placed in vesicles -…
Nucleus
Controls cell function.... DNA resides in the cell and stays in…
Ribosomes
Site of protein synthesis - building of protein takes place... a…
Pathophysiology chapter 1 terms
Pathophysiology
pathology
physiology
Disease
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of injury o…
the mechanisms of human body functioning
the functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or organ…
Pathophysiology
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
pathology
study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of injury o…
27 terms
Chapter 1 Key Terms Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathologist
disease
homeostasis
The study of disease
A physician specializing in the study of disease
An abnormal state in which the body is not functioning normally
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Pathology
The study of disease
Pathologist
A physician specializing in the study of disease
34 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
In the conversion of food to energy (A…
ATP
fluid mosaic model
gap junction
the citric acid cycle
acts as energy source in the cell
proteins floating in fluid lipid bilayer
channel for cellular diffusion
In the conversion of food to energy (A…
the citric acid cycle
ATP
acts as energy source in the cell
Pathophysiology Chapter 1 Terms
Health
Disease
Normal health indicators
7 Steps to Health
Physical, mental, and social well-being
Deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
-Occur within a range of values and may vary depending on tec…
1. Be a nonsmoker & avoid second-hand smoke.... 2. Eat 5-10 serv…
Health
Physical, mental, and social well-being
Disease
Deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
50 terms
Chapter 1 Introduction to Pathophysiology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
Refers to a decrease in the SIZE of cells, resulting in a red…
Refers to an increase in SIZE of individual cells, resulting…
Defined as an increased NUMBER of cells resulting in an enlar…
Occurs when one mature cell type is replaced by a different m…
Atrophy
Refers to a decrease in the SIZE of cells, resulting in a red…
Hypertrophy
Refers to an increase in SIZE of individual cells, resulting…
66 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
What are normal limits for Red Blood C…
What are normal limits for Hemoglobin?
What are normal levels of Hematocrit?
What are normal limits of Platelets?
Men 4.5 - 5.3... Women 4.1 - 5.1
Men 13 - 18... Women 12- 16
Men 37 -49%... Women 36 -46%
150,000 - 400,000
What are normal limits for Red Blood C…
Men 4.5 - 5.3... Women 4.1 - 5.1
What are normal limits for Hemoglobin?
Men 13 - 18... Women 12- 16
51 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1
Plasma Membrane
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
A membrane of the cell that determines its size and shape, re…
The organelle which is a site for ribosomes to synthesize RNA…
The organelle in which the Kreb's Cycle takes place to synthe…
The organelle where protein synthesis occurs in the cell.
Plasma Membrane
A membrane of the cell that determines its size and shape, re…
Nucleus
The organelle which is a site for ribosomes to synthesize RNA…
Pathophysiology chapter 1 terms
Pathophysiology
pathology
physiology
Disease
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of injury o…
the mechanisms of human body functioning
the functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or organ…
Pathophysiology
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
pathology
study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of injury o…
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
What are the three ways disease is man…
What is Pathology?
What is Pathophysiology?
What is Pathogenesis?
1. Symptoms... 2. Signs... 3. Lab findings
- The study of what disease does to the body.... - A medical dis…
Study of Pathogenesis
-Sequence of disease progression... -Sequence of events that lea…
What are the three ways disease is man…
1. Symptoms... 2. Signs... 3. Lab findings
What is Pathology?
- The study of what disease does to the body.... - A medical dis…
58 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Pathophysiology
Sign
Symptoms
Syndrom
Structural or functional changes in cells, tissues, and organ…
What the observer is seeing
What patient is complaining about
What the signs and symptoms are characteristic of
Pathophysiology
Structural or functional changes in cells, tissues, and organ…
Sign
What the observer is seeing
126 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Health
Disease
Homeostasis
Negative system
The absence of disease... Wellness of body, mind, and spirit
When things in the body are not occurring normally... Something…
The state of equilibrium... Our body keeping everything balanced…
Works to maintain a deficit in the system... Works to maintain a…
Health
The absence of disease... Wellness of body, mind, and spirit
Disease
When things in the body are not occurring normally... Something…
54 terms
Chapter 1: Intro to Pathophysiology
disease
homeostasis
pathophysiology
biopsy
significant changes occur in the body that lead to a state on…
a constant or "steady state" of various factors, such as: blo…
the study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
surgical specimens
disease
significant changes occur in the body that lead to a state on…
homeostasis
a constant or "steady state" of various factors, such as: blo…
17 terms
Chapter 1 Pathophysiology
pathology
pathogenesis
etiology
idiopathic
Structural alterations in cells, tissues, and organs that hel…
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Study of the cause of disease and/or injury
Diseases with no identifiable cause
pathology
Structural alterations in cells, tissues, and organs that hel…
pathogenesis
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Pathophysiology chapter 1 (terms)
Pathology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
Idiopathic
Study of structural alterations in cells, tissues, and organs…
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Study of the cause(s) of disease and/ or injury.
Diseases with no identifiable cause.
Pathology
Study of structural alterations in cells, tissues, and organs…
Pathogenesis
Pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1
Pathology
Pathology
Physiology
Pathophysiology
In Greek means "disease"
Study of the structural and functional changes in cells, tiss…
Function of the human body
Focuses on the mechanisms of the underlying disease and provi…
Pathology
In Greek means "disease"
Pathology
Study of the structural and functional changes in cells, tiss…
40 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Etiology
Idiopathic
Iatrogenic
Modifiable and Non-modifiable
the study of the causes of a disease
when the cause is unknown
when the cause is unintended medical treatment
two types of risk factors
Etiology
the study of the causes of a disease
Idiopathic
when the cause is unknown
22 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathogenesis
Etiology
The study of the underlying changes in body physiology (molec…
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
The pattern of tissue changes associated with the development…
The study of the cause of disease
Pathophysiology
The study of the underlying changes in body physiology (molec…
Pathology
The investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues…
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1
Anaerobic
Apoptosis
Autopsy
Biopsy
Metabolism and function without oxygen
Normal programmed cell death in tissues
An examination of part or all of the body, including organs,…
The removal of a small piece of living tissues for microscopi…
Anaerobic
Metabolism and function without oxygen
Apoptosis
Normal programmed cell death in tissues
179 terms
Chapter 1 Pathophysiology
Cellular adaptations are a central pro…
The four most common adaptive changes…
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Disease states
1.Atrophy... 2.Hypertrophy... 3.Hyperplasia ... 4.Metaplasia
a decrease in cellular size
Increase in cellular size
Cellular adaptations are a central pro…
Disease states
The four most common adaptive changes…
1.Atrophy... 2.Hypertrophy... 3.Hyperplasia ... 4.Metaplasia
Pathophysiology, chapter 1
pathophysiology
pathology
physiology
etiology
the study of abnormalities in physiologic functioning of livi…
the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of org…
the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functi…
the study of the causes or reasons for phenomena
pathophysiology
the study of abnormalities in physiologic functioning of livi…
pathology
the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of org…
7 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1 terms
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Main function of nucleus
Cell functions
No nucleus, bacteria
complex cell, has nucleus
cell division, control of genetic information
movement... conductivity... metabolic absorption... secretion... excretio…
Prokaryotes
No nucleus, bacteria
Eukaryotes
complex cell, has nucleus
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Gross Level
Microscopic level
Biopsy
Autopsy
Organ or system level
Cellular level
Excision of small amounts of living tissue
Examination of the body and organs after death
Gross Level
Organ or system level
Microscopic level
Cellular level
36 terms
Chapter 1: Introduction to Pathophysiology
Disease
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Manifestations of Disease
The altering of homeostasis.
The study of the physiological processes leading up to disease.
The study of disease in general.
Signs and symptoms.
Disease
The altering of homeostasis.
Pathophysiology
The study of the physiological processes leading up to disease.
Pathophysiology Chapter 1 Introduction to Pathophysiology
Etiology
Idiopathic
Iatrogenic
Pathogenesis
Study of the causes or reasons for phenomena
cause unknown
Caused by unintended or unwanted medical treatment
The development or evolution of a disease from the initial st…
Etiology
Study of the causes or reasons for phenomena
Idiopathic
cause unknown
47 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Homeostasis
Pathology
Pathogenesis
Systemic health
Internal stability of the body
abnormal condition causing measurable changes in structure an…
development of disease in stages
internal equilibrium
Homeostasis
Internal stability of the body
Pathology
abnormal condition causing measurable changes in structure an…
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Cellular Functions
Three general components of eukaryote…
nucleus structure
Nucleus function
Movement, e.g. muscle cells... Conductivity, e.g. nerve cells…
◦ Plasma membrane... ◦ Cytoplasm... ◦ Intracellular organelles
Structure... ◦ Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)... DNA replication, rep…
Cell division and control of genetic information
Cellular Functions
Movement, e.g. muscle cells... Conductivity, e.g. nerve cells…
Three general components of eukaryote…
◦ Plasma membrane... ◦ Cytoplasm... ◦ Intracellular organelles
Pathophysiology chapter 1 terms
Pathophysiology
nursing diagnosis
physiology
Disease
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
describes the human response to illness
the mechanisms of human body functioning
the functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or organ…
Pathophysiology
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
nursing diagnosis
describes the human response to illness
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Health
Pathophysiology
Primary Prevention
Secondary Prevention
good health is a condition of being sound in body, mind, and…
physiology of altered health states... a study of diseases and i…
prohibits disease from occurring ... ex. wearing a bike helmet
early detection and treatment of disease through screening... ex…
Health
good health is a condition of being sound in body, mind, and…
Pathophysiology
physiology of altered health states... a study of diseases and i…
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Health
Homeostasis
Disease
Negative feedback
The absence of disease - this can include wellness of mind, b…
Equilibrium, balance, consistency, or stability. This self-re…
The state in which a bodily function is no longer occurring n…
This is the most common in homeostasis, works to maintain a d…
Health
The absence of disease - this can include wellness of mind, b…
Homeostasis
Equilibrium, balance, consistency, or stability. This self-re…
90 terms
Pathophysiology chapter 1
Pathology
Pathogenesis
etiology
idiopathic
investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues, an…
pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
the study of the cause of disease
diseases that have no identifiable cause
Pathology
investigation of structural alterations in cells, tissues, an…
Pathogenesis
pattern of tissue changes associated with the development of…
46 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Physiology
Structure
The study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
The study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of inju…
The mechanisms of human body functioning
How the human body is put together, including component parts…
Pathophysiology
The study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
Pathology
The study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of inju…
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Homeostasis
Negative feedback
Pathology
Diagnosis
Maintained in the body under normal conditions
How your body keeps itself in homeostasis with no outside sou…
Laboratory study of cell and tissue changes associated with d…
Identification of disease through evaluation of signs/symptom…
Homeostasis
Maintained in the body under normal conditions
Negative feedback
How your body keeps itself in homeostasis with no outside sou…
77 terms
Human Pathophysiology Chapter 1
Pathophysiology:
Health is defined as:
Disease is defined as:
Homeostasis is defined as:
The study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
physical, mental and social well being
deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
is the maintenance of a relatively stable internal environmen…
Pathophysiology:
The study of functional or physiological changes in the body…
Health is defined as:
physical, mental and social well being
40 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
RIbosomes
Round or oval body; surrounded by nuclear envelope. Contains…
Round or oval body in the nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA.…
Network of membranous tubules in the cytoplasm of the cell. S…
Small particles found in the cytoplasm; made of RNA and prote…
Nucleus
Round or oval body; surrounded by nuclear envelope. Contains…
Nucleolus
Round or oval body in the nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA.…
66 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1
Pathology
Pathophysiology:
Physical therapy
Pathogenesis
Changes in body tissues and organs caused by disease
Physiologic changes as a result of disease
involves interventions to improve function that is efficient…
The development and progression of each pathologic (disease)…
Pathology
Changes in body tissues and organs caused by disease
Pathophysiology:
Physiologic changes as a result of disease
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
TThe normal ranges for physiologic par…
Trends and changes in an individual's…
Thhere iss usuaally a single, well-def…
Patthogenesis refers to the mechanisms…
True
True
False
True
TThe normal ranges for physiologic par…
True
Trends and changes in an individual's…
True
61 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
what are the cell components
make proteins
packaged lipids into more complex
break cell membrane and destroy it
-cell/plasma membrane... - nucleus, nucleoplasm, and nucleolus…
ribosomes
golgi appartatus
lysosomes
what are the cell components
-cell/plasma membrane... - nucleus, nucleoplasm, and nucleolus…
make proteins
ribosomes
39 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1 Terminology
pathophysiology
structure
function
disease
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
how the human body is put together
the action or workings of the various properties of the body
the functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or organ…
pathophysiology
the study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
structure
how the human body is put together
64 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1,2 &3
Pathophysiology
Pathology
physiology
disease
is the study of the functional changes that occur in the body…
is the study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of i…
human body functioning
is the functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs or org…
Pathophysiology
is the study of the functional changes that occur in the body…
Pathology
is the study of changes in cells and tissues as a result of i…
122 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 1
what are the basic components of a cell?
what are organelles?
what is the nucleus?
what does the nucleus regulate?
cytoplasm, nucleus, cell membrane
they perform the work that maintains the cells life
the control center of the cell
cell growth, metabolism, and reproduction
what are the basic components of a cell?
cytoplasm, nucleus, cell membrane
what are organelles?
they perform the work that maintains the cells life
54 terms
Chapter 1 PPT Introduction to Pathophysiology
Health
Disease
Functional (physiologic)
Gross level
Physical, mental, and social well-being
Deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
changes in the body as a result from disease
Organ or system level
Health
Physical, mental, and social well-being
Disease
Deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
78 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 1
Anaerobic
Apoptosis
Autopsy
Biopsy
metabolism and function without oxygen
normal programmed cell death in tissues.
an examination of part or all of a body, including organs, af…
the removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic…
Anaerobic
metabolism and function without oxygen
Apoptosis
normal programmed cell death in tissues.
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