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Study sets matching "pathophysiology hypersensitivities infection"

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Study sets matching "pathophysiology hypersensitivities infection"

38 terms
Pathophysiology: Hypersensitivities, Infection, and Immune Deficiencies
hypersensitivity
allergy
autoimmunity
alloimmunity
altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in di…
deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental (exo…
disturbance in the immunologic tolerance of self-antigens
immune reaction to tissues of another individual-transfusions…
hypersensitivity
altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in di…
allergy
deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental (exo…
35 terms
Pathophysiology Infections, Defects in Defense, HIV & Hypersensitivities
Describe the many relationships betwee…
Discuss the factors which influence th…
Define: Communicability
Define: Immunogenicity
Did you know? ... ...In many cases, a mutual relationship exists…
- Factors that Influence the Capacity of a Pathogen to Cause…
- Ability to spread from 1 individual to others and cause dis…
- Ability of pathogens to induce an immune response
Describe the many relationships betwee…
Did you know? ... ...In many cases, a mutual relationship exists…
Discuss the factors which influence th…
- Factors that Influence the Capacity of a Pathogen to Cause…
68 terms
Pathophysiology Hypersensitivity
An exaggerated response of the immune…
Antigen
allergy
Autoimmunity
Define hypersensitivity
anything that is detected by the immune system that is consid…
deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental anti…
disturbance in the immunological tolerance to self-antigens
An exaggerated response of the immune…
Define hypersensitivity
Antigen
anything that is detected by the immune system that is consid…
46 terms
Pathophysiology Ch. 8 Infection and defects in mechanisms of defense (includes hypersensitivities)
Hypersensitivity
Different types of Hypersenstivities
Type 1 Hypersenstivities
Type 1 Hypersensitivity, Ig
altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in di…
Type 1: IgE mediated anaphylactic... Type 2: Cytotoxic/tissue sp…
Manifestations: itching (pruritis), urticaria, conjunctivitis…
IgE mediated... against environmental antigens... IgE binds to Fc r…
Hypersensitivity
altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in di…
Different types of Hypersenstivities
Type 1: IgE mediated anaphylactic... Type 2: Cytotoxic/tissue sp…
17 terms
Infection: Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity
4 types of hypersensitivity reactions
Auto-Immunity
SLE (systemic lupus erythematosus)
Sensitization to specific antigen results in a primary respon…
1. IgE mediated: ... - involve mast cells and histamine... 2. Tissu…
- mechanism generally not well understood... - always involves a…
- characterized by the production of a large variety of antib…
Hypersensitivity
Sensitization to specific antigen results in a primary respon…
4 types of hypersensitivity reactions
1. IgE mediated: ... - involve mast cells and histamine... 2. Tissu…
114 terms
Hypersensitivity and Infection
what happens in an exaggerated histami…
what are our assessment priorities in…
whats the position for the individual…
What other things need to be considered?
sympathetic response fluid shift out of vessels into intersti…
airway, epinepherine, O2, and IV access for fluid loss(isoton…
supine position
volume expanders (albumin), vassopressors (inotropes)
what happens in an exaggerated histami…
sympathetic response fluid shift out of vessels into intersti…
what are our assessment priorities in…
airway, epinepherine, O2, and IV access for fluid loss(isoton…
81 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 7: Hypersensitivities
Hypersensitivity
What determines whether a hypersensiti…
Define "allergy" and provide 3 examples
Define "autoimmunity" and provide 3 ex…
Inappropriate human response to an antigen that results in a…
The source of the antigen... Allergy --> environmental antigen... A…
Allergy is an exaggerated response against non-harmful enviro…
Autoimmunity is a misdirected immune response against the hos…
Hypersensitivity
Inappropriate human response to an antigen that results in a…
What determines whether a hypersensiti…
The source of the antigen... Allergy --> environmental antigen... A…
83 terms
Pathophysiology Test 1 Hypersensitivities
How can the mutual relationship betwee…
Describe opportunistic microorganisms
When is infection most common?
Define communicability
injury
cause infection when individual is immunocompromised
when the individual is immunocompromised
ability to spread from one individual to others and cause dis…
How can the mutual relationship betwee…
injury
Describe opportunistic microorganisms
cause infection when individual is immunocompromised
33 terms
Hypersensitivities, Infection, and Immune Deficiencies
Type I hypersensitivity is mediated by…
Which of the following features is cha…
Type IV hypersensitivities, such as po…
Hyperacute allograft rejection is caus…
D) IgE... Large amounts of IgE are produced during type I hyper…
B) Delayed response... A key feature of type IV hypersensitivit…
C) the stimulation of cytotoxic T cells.... Type IV hypersensit…
B) preformed antibodies that react immediately with the graft…
Type I hypersensitivity is mediated by…
D) IgE... Large amounts of IgE are produced during type I hyper…
Which of the following features is cha…
B) Delayed response... A key feature of type IV hypersensitivit…
88 terms
Pathophysiology- Infection
microorganisms
pathogens
bacteria
bacilli (type of bacteria)
include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses known to be part o…
disease causing microbes
prokaryotes, divides by binary fission (1 cell --> 2), and do…
rod shaped organism
microorganisms
include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses known to be part o…
pathogens
disease causing microbes
81 terms
Pathophysiology Chapter 7: Hypersensitivities
Hypersensitivity
What determines whether a hypersensiti…
Define "allergy" and provide 3 examples
Define "autoimmunity" and provide 3 ex…
Inappropriate human response to an antigen that results in a…
The source of the antigen... Allergy --> environmental antigen... A…
Allergy is an exaggerated response against non-harmful enviro…
Autoimmunity is a misdirected immune response against the hos…
Hypersensitivity
Inappropriate human response to an antigen that results in a…
What determines whether a hypersensiti…
The source of the antigen... Allergy --> environmental antigen... A…
12 terms
Hypersensitivities--Pathophysiology Test 2
Allergy
Autoimmunity
Alloimmunity
Allergen
Exaggerated immune response against environmental antigens.
Immune response against host's own cells
Immune response against beneficial foreign tissues.
Environmental antigen
Allergy
Exaggerated immune response against environmental antigens.
Autoimmunity
Immune response against host's own cells
73 terms
Pathophysiology: Hypersensitivities/Immunodeficiencies/AIDS
Immune system functions:
Self-tolerance
Inappropriate immune responses
Excessive Immune Responses
1. To recognize self from nonself... 2. To defend the body again…
The ability to recognize self from nonself
Excessive immune responses and Deficient immune responses
Hypersensitivity disorders/Allergies... Autoimmuity (body agains…
Immune system functions:
1. To recognize self from nonself... 2. To defend the body again…
Self-tolerance
The ability to recognize self from nonself
67 terms
Pathophysiology Week 4 Hypersensitivities
Which has the highest immunogenicity?…
Haptens
Which portion of the antibody is respo…
Hypersensitivity
Proteins
small molecules that can behave as antigens if they are bound…
- FC Portion
- Pathologic secondary immune response, requires sensitizatio…
Which has the highest immunogenicity?…
Proteins
Haptens
small molecules that can behave as antigens if they are bound…
30 terms
Pathophysiology - Hypersensitivity and Autoimmune Disorders
hypersensitivity
three types of hypersensitivity
allergy
autoimmunity
altered immunologic reactivity to an antigen resulting in a p…
1. allergy... 2. autoimmunity... 3. isoimmunity/ alloimmunity
exogenous antigens
self-antigens
hypersensitivity
altered immunologic reactivity to an antigen resulting in a p…
three types of hypersensitivity
1. allergy... 2. autoimmunity... 3. isoimmunity/ alloimmunity
62 terms
pathophysiology test 1 hypersensitivity
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
allergic reactions. IgE reaction: hypersensitivity to allerge…
autoimmune reactions, IgGs or IgMs are produced against a spe…
often a continuation of type II, damage is caused by immune c…
delayed hypersensitivity (cell-mediated) Sensitized T-cells!…
what are the characteristics of each t…
allergic reactions. IgE reaction: hypersensitivity to allerge…
what are the characteristics of each t…
autoimmune reactions, IgGs or IgMs are produced against a spe…
41 terms
Pathophysiology Test 3 Hypersensitivity
What is Hypersensitivity?
What can hypersensitivity cause?
What are allergies?
What is an antigen?
An exaggerated response of the immune system to an antigen th…
Allergies.
Deleterious effects to hypersensitivity to environment antige…
A toxin or other foreign substance that induces an immune res…
What is Hypersensitivity?
An exaggerated response of the immune system to an antigen th…
What can hypersensitivity cause?
Allergies.
73 terms
Infection - Pathophysiology
Direct Contact
Indirect Contact
Fomite
Droplet Transmission
mode of transmission ... - no intermediary... - touching infectious…
mode of transmission... - involved intermediary object/organism…
inanimate object that carries infection
mode of transmission... - oral or respiratory transmission... - res…
Direct Contact
mode of transmission ... - no intermediary... - touching infectious…
Indirect Contact
mode of transmission... - involved intermediary object/organism…
43 terms
Pathophysiology: Infection
infection
sporadic
endemic
epidemic
organism is able to reproduce in or on body's tissues
a single individual infected
continuous transmission within a population
higher than normal transmission or spread to new geographical…
infection
organism is able to reproduce in or on body's tissues
sporadic
a single individual infected
13 terms
Pathophysiology-Infection
Prodomal Period
Incubation period
Acute Period
Aerosol transmission
fatigue, loss of appetite, headache... nonspecific-"coming down…
time between entry of organism into the body and appearance o…
infectious disease develop fully
involve some particles from the respiratory tract... suspended i…
Prodomal Period
fatigue, loss of appetite, headache... nonspecific-"coming down…
Incubation period
time between entry of organism into the body and appearance o…
64 terms
Pathophysiology Infection
List some good things that normal flor…
Communicability:
Immunogenicity:
Infectivity:
- prevent colonization and multiplication of pathogens... - gut…
ability of pathogen to spread from one individual to others a…
ability of pathogens to induce an immune response
ability of pathogen to invade and multiply in the host... incolv…
List some good things that normal flor…
- prevent colonization and multiplication of pathogens... - gut…
Communicability:
ability of pathogen to spread from one individual to others a…
186 terms
Pathophysiology infection
Reservoir
Carrier
Modes of transmission
Direct contact
Source of infection, person with active infection, person who…
A person who may never develop the disease but is still a car…
Direct contact... Indirect contact... Droplet transmission... Aerosol…
No intermediary, touching infectious lesion, sexual activity,…
Reservoir
Source of infection, person with active infection, person who…
Carrier
A person who may never develop the disease but is still a car…
45 terms
Infection (Pathophysiology)
Microorganisms
Pathogens
Six Types of Microorganisms
Bacteria
- small living forms... - bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses... - m…
disease-causing microbes
- Bacteria... - Archaea... - Fungi... - Protozoa... - Algae... - Viruses
- classified as prokaryotes (unicellular)... - no nuclear membra…
Microorganisms
- small living forms... - bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses... - m…
Pathogens
disease-causing microbes
23 terms
Pathophysiology - Hypersensitivity Examples
Hay fever
Hemolysis in drug allergies
Poison ivy allergy
Graves Disease
Type I allergy
Type II allergy
Type VI allergy
Type II autoimmune
Hay fever
Type I allergy
Hemolysis in drug allergies
Type II allergy
33 terms
Hypersensitivities, Infection, Immune Deficiencies
Hypersensitivity is best defined as:
A 5-year-old female takes a hike throu…
When the maternal immune system become…
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is expresse…
an excessive or inappropriate response of the immune system t…
Cell-mediated
Alloimmune
IgE-mediated reactions.
Hypersensitivity is best defined as:
an excessive or inappropriate response of the immune system t…
A 5-year-old female takes a hike throu…
Cell-mediated
16 terms
Pathophysiology: Hypersensitivity Reactions
Hypersensitivity Reaction
Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction
Mast Cell
Allergen
increased immune response in presence of an antigen, results…
hypersensitivity reaction caused by secretion of the antibody…
cells that are sensitized and degranulate during type 1 react…
antigen that causes a type 1 reaction. Can be inhaled, ingest…
Hypersensitivity Reaction
increased immune response in presence of an antigen, results…
Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction
hypersensitivity reaction caused by secretion of the antibody…
62 terms
pathophysiology test 1 hypersensitivity
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
allergic reactions. hypersensitivity to normally non-antigeni…
autoimmune reactions, IgGs or IgMs are produced against a spe…
often a continuation of type II, damage is caused by immune c…
cell-mediated/delayed hypersensitivity
what are the characteristics of each t…
allergic reactions. hypersensitivity to normally non-antigeni…
what are the characteristics of each t…
autoimmune reactions, IgGs or IgMs are produced against a spe…
62 terms
Pathophysiology test 1 hypersensitivity
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
what are the characteristics of each t…
allergic reactions. hypersensitivity to normally non-antigeni…
autoimmune reactions, IgGs or IgMs are produced against a spe…
often a continuation of type II, damage is caused by immune c…
cell-mediated/delayed hypersensitivity
what are the characteristics of each t…
allergic reactions. hypersensitivity to normally non-antigeni…
what are the characteristics of each t…
autoimmune reactions, IgGs or IgMs are produced against a spe…
118 terms
Pathophysiology of Infection
Most common infection sites
Respiratory infections
Urinary tract
Pneumonia
1) Respiratory tract... 2) Urinary tract
-Bronchitis... -Bronchiolitis... -Pneumonia
-Urethritis... -Cystitis... -Pyelonephritis
Infection of lung tissue caused by bacteria, virus or fungus…
Most common infection sites
1) Respiratory tract... 2) Urinary tract
Respiratory infections
-Bronchitis... -Bronchiolitis... -Pneumonia
60 terms
Pathophysiology Midterm 1 - Hypersensitivity
What is the antibody of Type I hyperse…
What is the numbering system of the hy…
What is a hypersensitivity reaction?
What is an allergy?
IgE
Gell and Coombs 1963
An overreaction of the immune system that kills the bodies ow…
an overreaction to a benign antigen (usually environmental)
What is the antibody of Type I hyperse…
IgE
What is the numbering system of the hy…
Gell and Coombs 1963
Pathophysiology Hypersensitivity/Allergies
Hypersensitivity
Allergy
Autoimmunity
Alloimmunity
Alerted immunological reactivity to an antigen that results i…
deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to an environmental a…
Disturbance in the immunological tolerance of self antigens t…
An individual proceeds an immunological reaction against the…
Hypersensitivity
Alerted immunological reactivity to an antigen that results i…
Allergy
deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to an environmental a…
16 terms
Pathophysiology: Hypersensitivity Reactions
Hypersensitivity Reaction
Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction
Mast Cell
Allergen
increased immune response in presence of an antigen, results…
hypersensitivity reaction caused by secretion of the antibody…
cells that are sensitized and degranulate during type 1 react…
antigen that causes a type 1 reaction. Can be inhaled, ingest…
Hypersensitivity Reaction
increased immune response in presence of an antigen, results…
Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction
hypersensitivity reaction caused by secretion of the antibody…
62 terms
Pathophysiology: Infection
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
Modes of Transmission: Direct Contact
Modes of Transmission: Indirect Contact
-Source of infection... -Person with active infection... -Person wh…
-A person may never develop the disease but is still a carrie…
-No intermediary... -Touching infectious lesion, sexual activity…
-Involves intermediary object or organism... -Contaminated hand…
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
-Source of infection... -Person with active infection... -Person wh…
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
-A person may never develop the disease but is still a carrie…
252 terms
Hypersensitivities, Infection, Immunodefeciencies
Hypersensitivity is:
Allergy is:
Autoimmunity is:
Alloimmunity is:
An altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
Deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental (exo…
Disturbance in the immunologic tolerance of self-antigens
Immune reaction to tissues of another individual
Hypersensitivity is:
An altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
Allergy is:
Deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental (exo…
63 terms
pathophysiology: infection
reservoir
carrier
direct contact
indirect contact
-source of infection... -person with active infection... -person wh…
-a person may never develop the disease but sill is a carrier…
-no intermediary ... -touching infectious lesion, sexual activit…
-involves intermediary object or organism... -contaminated hand…
reservoir
-source of infection... -person with active infection... -person wh…
carrier
-a person may never develop the disease but sill is a carrier…
36 terms
Pathophysiology Infection
Infection
Disease
Communicable Disease
Infectious Disease
Invasion of body tissues by microorganisms with the potential…
Occurs when the microorganisms produce a detectible alteratio…
An illness that is directly transmitted from one individual o…
Any communicable disease that is caused by microorganisms tha…
Infection
Invasion of body tissues by microorganisms with the potential…
Disease
Occurs when the microorganisms produce a detectible alteratio…
Pathophysiology: Infection
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
Modes of Transmission: Direct Contact
Modes of Transmission: Indirect Contact
-Source of infection... -Person with active infection... -Person wh…
-A person may never develop the disease but is still a carrie…
-No intermediary... -Touching infectious lesion, sexual activity…
-Involves intermediary object or organism... -Contaminated hand…
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
-Source of infection... -Person with active infection... -Person wh…
Transmission of Infectious Agents Pers…
-A person may never develop the disease but is still a carrie…
36 terms
Pathophysiology Infection
Infection
Disease
Communicable Disease
Infectious Disease
Invasion of body tissues by microorganisms with the potential…
Occurs when the microorganisms produce a detectible alteratio…
An illness that is directly transmitted from one individual o…
Any communicable disease that is caused by microorganisms tha…
Infection
Invasion of body tissues by microorganisms with the potential…
Disease
Occurs when the microorganisms produce a detectible alteratio…
24 terms
Pathophysiology Hypersensitivity 1
hypersensitivity
allergy
autoimmunity
autoimmune disease
an altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
hypersensitivity to environmental antigens; these can include…
disturbance in the immunologic tolerance of self-antigens (ca…
occurs when the immune system reacts against self-antigens th…
hypersensitivity
an altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
allergy
hypersensitivity to environmental antigens; these can include…
29 terms
Pathophysiology--Hypersensitivity Reactions
Attenuated vaccines
Bacterial vaccines
Toxoids
Primary immunodeficiency
Contain live, weakened viruses. Examples are measles, mumps,…
Killed microorganisms/extracts of bacterial antigens. Example…
Vaccines from weakened/suppressed (purified) bacterial toxin.…
Most due to single gene defect. Occur before birth. Symptom o…
Attenuated vaccines
Contain live, weakened viruses. Examples are measles, mumps,…
Bacterial vaccines
Killed microorganisms/extracts of bacterial antigens. Example…
31 terms
Pathophysiology: Infection
epidemiology
morbidity
mortality
5 steps in reducing transmission of in…
study of:... -health events and diseases... -their distribution... -as…
=illness... -proportion of those with a disease compared to a sp…
=death rate... ex: infant mortality rate... - # of infants that die…
destroying reservoir:... - garbage disposal ... -sewage treatment... -…
epidemiology
study of:... -health events and diseases... -their distribution... -as…
morbidity
=illness... -proportion of those with a disease compared to a sp…
36 terms
Pathophysiology Infection
Host
Infection
Virulence
Pathogens
capable of sustaining growth of other organisms
presence of an organism in or on a host; not all are detrimen…
disease producing potential
high virulence, always associated with diease
Host
capable of sustaining growth of other organisms
Infection
presence of an organism in or on a host; not all are detrimen…
119 terms
Pathophysiology- Infection
microorganisms
pathogens
bacteria
bacilli (type of bacteria)
include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses known to be part o…
disease causing microbes
prokaryotes, thye lack a nucleus... -divides by binary fission (…
rod shaped organism
microorganisms
include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses known to be part o…
pathogens
disease causing microbes
84 terms
Pathophysiology: Infection
Transmission of Infectious Agents
Reservoir
Carrier
Modes of Transmission
Transmission from person to person
Source of infection... Person with active infection... Person who i…
A person may never develop the disease but is still a carrier…
...
Transmission of Infectious Agents
Transmission from person to person
Reservoir
Source of infection... Person with active infection... Person who i…
45 terms
Pathophysiology Infection
Transmission of Infectious Agents
Reservoir
Carrier
Direct Contact
Transmission from person to person
Source of infection ... Person with active infection... Person who…
A person may never develop the disease but still is a carrier…
No intermediary such as touching an infectious lesion or sexu…
Transmission of Infectious Agents
Transmission from person to person
Reservoir
Source of infection ... Person with active infection... Person who…
33 terms
Hypersensitivities, Infection, Immune Deficiencies
Hypersensitivity is best defined as:
A 5-year-old female takes a hike throu…
When the maternal immune system become…
Seasonal allergic rhinitis is expresse…
an excessive or inappropriate response of the immune system t…
Cell-mediated
Alloimmune
IgE-mediated reactions.
Hypersensitivity is best defined as:
an excessive or inappropriate response of the immune system t…
A 5-year-old female takes a hike throu…
Cell-mediated
54 terms
Pathophysiology Hypersensitivity Quiz
first line of defense
second line of defense
third line of defense
natural active immunity
A line of defense that is composed of mechanical barriers. th…
A line of defense that is comprised of phagocytosis an inflam…
A line of defense that provides protection by stimulating the…
An immunity that is produced through pathogens entering and c…
first line of defense
A line of defense that is composed of mechanical barriers. th…
second line of defense
A line of defense that is comprised of phagocytosis an inflam…
9 terms
Pathophysiology immunity and hypersensitivity
What is the difference between primary…
What is present at the end of the proc…
Which of the following hypersensitivit…
C-reactive protein (compliment non-spe…
In primary immunodeficiencies, the immune system defect arise…
Mast cells with IgE bound to the outside of their cell membra…
Type III
Inflammatory mediator... is an acute-phase protein of hepatic or…
What is the difference between primary…
In primary immunodeficiencies, the immune system defect arise…
What is present at the end of the proc…
Mast cells with IgE bound to the outside of their cell membra…
34 terms
Pathophysiology- immune, hypersensitivity, HIV
What is innate immunity?
What is adaptive immunity?
What is MHC?
What is CD?
Immunity from birth- has no memory- general nonspecific syste…
Develops after birth- has memory- the response to a pathogen…
Major histocompatbility antigen- antigens presented on these-…
Cluster of differentiation- marker used to identify various c…
What is innate immunity?
Immunity from birth- has no memory- general nonspecific syste…
What is adaptive immunity?
Develops after birth- has memory- the response to a pathogen…
21 terms
Pathophysiology- Infection
How does bacteria duplicate?
Define Prokaryotic
Define Unicellular
What are the three shapes of Bacteria?
Binary Fission
lacks a nucleus; content of nucleus is scattered through orga…
Single celled Organism
Bacilli (rod), Spirals (spirochetes), Cocci (spherical)
How does bacteria duplicate?
Binary Fission
Define Prokaryotic
lacks a nucleus; content of nucleus is scattered through orga…
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