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Study sets matching "pathophysiology module 2"

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Study sets matching "pathophysiology module 2"

Pathophysiology - Module 2
Turner Syndrome
Cystic Fibrosis
Alpha Fetoprotein (AFP)
Penetrance
Monosomy of the X chromosome; genotype is 45, XO; always fema…
Autosomal recessive disorder; results in mutations in a singl…
Major fetal plasma protein found in postnatal life; peaks ~12…
The ability of a gene to express its function
Turner Syndrome
Monosomy of the X chromosome; genotype is 45, XO; always fema…
Cystic Fibrosis
Autosomal recessive disorder; results in mutations in a singl…
18 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2
Edema
Left Heart Failure
Right Heart Failure
Ascites
-Increased capillary filtration... -Decreased capillary absorpti…
Left heart fails to pump to rest of body... -Traffic jam in lung…
Right heart unable to pump blood into pulmonary circulation... -…
Accumulation of protein-containing fluid in peritoneal space…
Edema
-Increased capillary filtration... -Decreased capillary absorpti…
Left Heart Failure
Left heart fails to pump to rest of body... -Traffic jam in lung…
58 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2
Bacteria
Palisade
Strepto
Staphlo
unicellular, do NOT need a host in order to survive;
bacteria arrangement; long sides parallel
chains
irregular clusters
Bacteria
unicellular, do NOT need a host in order to survive;
Palisade
bacteria arrangement; long sides parallel
43 terms
Module 2 (Chp 3) Pathophysiology
absorption
adverse/toxic effects
antagonism
antibiotic
The rate at which a drug leaves the site of administration an…
side effects that are dangerous, cause cell/tissue damage, or…
Situation in which a drug combination greatly decreases the e…
cure bacterial infections
absorption
The rate at which a drug leaves the site of administration an…
adverse/toxic effects
side effects that are dangerous, cause cell/tissue damage, or…
35 terms
Module 2 (Chp 4) Pathophysiology
A delta fibers
Acute pain
Analgesics
Bradykinin
Myelinated fibers that transmit impulses very rapidly
Sudden and severe pain that usually decreases or diminishes a…
Substances that are involved in the relief of pain
Chemical mediator released during inflammation that stimulate…
A delta fibers
Myelinated fibers that transmit impulses very rapidly
Acute pain
Sudden and severe pain that usually decreases or diminishes a…
88 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2
COPD
Bronchioles (COPD)
Alveoli (COPD)
Cilia
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Are narrowed due to inflammation as a response to foreign obj…
Responsible for CO2 and O2 exchange. They are usually enlarge…
Stiff and worn away. May no longer be protecting the lungs ca…
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Bronchioles (COPD)
Are narrowed due to inflammation as a response to foreign obj…
15 terms
pathophysiology module 2
atrophy
hypertrophy
physiologic hypertrophy
pathologic hypertrophy
cell size decreases... caused by disuse, denervation, loss of en…
cell size increases and an accompanying increase of functioni…
exercised skeletal muscles, hypertrophied heart muscle cells…
occurs in heart muscle due to HTN, a defective valve, or dila…
atrophy
cell size decreases... caused by disuse, denervation, loss of en…
hypertrophy
cell size increases and an accompanying increase of functioni…
159 terms
Pathophysiology I: Module 2
corticospinal tracts
corticospinal tracts
reticulospinal tracts
extrapyramidal descending tracts
Descending tracts which are composed of upper motor (efferent…
These are important for fine motor functions that require dex…
Extrapyramidal descending tracts which facilitate gross motor…
Tracts which do not cross over in the pyramids of the medulla.
corticospinal tracts
Descending tracts which are composed of upper motor (efferent…
corticospinal tracts
These are important for fine motor functions that require dex…
136 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2: Blood
5 Functions of Blood
Transport of dissolved substances
Regulation of pH and Ions
Restriction of fluid loss at injury si…
1. Transport of dissolved substances... 2. Regulation of pH and…
1. Oxygen comes from the lungs... 2. Nutrients from digestive tr…
1. Proteins act as buffers to prevent excessive changes... 2. Ho…
1. Salts and blood proteins prevent excessive fluid loss into…
5 Functions of Blood
1. Transport of dissolved substances... 2. Regulation of pH and…
Transport of dissolved substances
1. Oxygen comes from the lungs... 2. Nutrients from digestive tr…
Module 2 - Pathophysiology
There is a continuous exchange of flui…
Large molecules and those that are ___…
Excess fluid volume can lead to:
accumulation of excess acids or bases…
intracellular and extracellular fluid compartments
ionized
hypertension, congestive heart failure, peripheral edema
...
There is a continuous exchange of flui…
intracellular and extracellular fluid compartments
Large molecules and those that are ___…
ionized
53 terms
Pathophysiology- Module 2- Cardiac Pathology
Sources of Cardiac Stress
Indirect Stress
Direct Stress
Examples of Indirect Stress
Cardiac stress is brought about when the heart is forced to w…
Disorder external to the heart that increases the workload of…
Disorder that alter the heart either structurally or function…
1) Volume Imbalances... 2) Restrictive Defects... 3) Vascular Disease
Sources of Cardiac Stress
Cardiac stress is brought about when the heart is forced to w…
Indirect Stress
Disorder external to the heart that increases the workload of…
97 terms
Pathophysiology (Module 2 and 3)
Stressor
Examples of Stressor
Physiologic stressor examples
External stressors
is an event or environmental agent responsible for initiating…
Health. ... Money. ... Debt. ... Relationships. ... Job. ... School.
Trauma. ... Surgery. ... Temperature. ... Extremes. ... Pain. ... Severe Hem…
include adverse physical conditions such as pain or hot or co…
Stressor
is an event or environmental agent responsible for initiating…
Examples of Stressor
Health. ... Money. ... Debt. ... Relationships. ... Job. ... School.
44 terms
Pathophysiology- Module 2- Cellular Stress
Nonadaptive Cellular Response (Degener…
Adaptive Cellular Response
Sources of Stress
Mechanical Injury
Culminates in Death
Restoration of Health
Mechanical injury... Injury Caused by a Physical Agent... Injury Ca…
Application of force or pressures. For example: fractures, ab…
Nonadaptive Cellular Response (Degener…
Culminates in Death
Adaptive Cellular Response
Restoration of Health
73 terms
PC705 Pathophysiology Module 2
Normal role of microbial flora
Microorganism characteristics that inf…
Microorganism characteristics that inf…
Microorganism characteristics that inf…
Symbiotic relationship for protection or neutral ... Locations:…
Virulence - strong enough to pass along an especially harmful…
Adherance - ability to stick to the surface of a cell via pil…
Invasion - access between epithelial cells or into cells wher…
Normal role of microbial flora
Symbiotic relationship for protection or neutral ... Locations:…
Microorganism characteristics that inf…
Virulence - strong enough to pass along an especially harmful…
11 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology and Physiology Module 2: Stress
Reading Assignment
Section Objectives
(1) Define physiologic stress, identif…
(2) Describe Selye's historic general…
Relevant text book chapters:... McCance and Huether (2014): Cha…
Week 2... Mechanisms of self-defense: immunity and inflammation,…
Stress is a condition in which a demand exceeds a person's co…
Study text pages 204 and 205; refer to Figures 8-2 and 8-3.... W…
Reading Assignment
Relevant text book chapters:... McCance and Huether (2014): Cha…
Section Objectives
Week 2... Mechanisms of self-defense: immunity and inflammation,…
82 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2- Inflammation and Healing
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
What is a non-specific defense?
True/False- Phagocytosis is a specific…
True
1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
Fluids- skin, tears, saliva, mucus, gastric acid. Barriers- s…
False. Phagocytosis is non-specific- it does not matter what…
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
True
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
81 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2- Inflammation and Healing
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
What is a non-specific defense?
True/False- Phagocytosis is a specific…
True
1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
Fluids- skin, tears, saliva, mucus, gastric acid. Barriers- s…
False. Phagocytosis is non-specific- it does not matter what…
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
True
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
18 terms
Pathophysiology, Chapter 8, Module 2
Body Weight
Extracellular
Intracellular
Body fluid
60% water
20% Fluids or 1/3
40% Fluids or 2/3
Regulated by kidneys
Body Weight
60% water
Extracellular
20% Fluids or 1/3
55 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2 Test
Which statement indicates the nurse ne…
A nurse is discussing the process of p…
While caring for a pregnant patient, t…
If a child presents to the emergency d…
catabolism
Ubiquitin-proteosome pathway.
physiologic hypertrophy.
Fish
Which statement indicates the nurse ne…
catabolism
A nurse is discussing the process of p…
Ubiquitin-proteosome pathway.
30 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2 Lesson 1
what is the composition of bone marrow?
what are the blood forming cells?
describe the process of hematopoiesis
cytokines
hematopoietic (blood forming cells) and stromal (support) tis…
pluripotent stem cells, multipotent stem cells and committed…
starts with pluripotent cells that become multipotent stem ce…
-hormone like growth factors... -short lived mediators--prolifer…
what is the composition of bone marrow?
hematopoietic (blood forming cells) and stromal (support) tis…
what are the blood forming cells?
pluripotent stem cells, multipotent stem cells and committed…
67 terms
Marian University Pathophysiology Module 2
step 1 of infammation
step 2 of inflammation
step 3 of inflammation
step 4 of inflammation
damaged tissue releases histamines and blood flow to area is…
histamines cause capillaries to leak releasing phagocytes and…
phagocytes eat bacteria and dead cells
platelets move out of capillary and seal wound
step 1 of infammation
damaged tissue releases histamines and blood flow to area is…
step 2 of inflammation
histamines cause capillaries to leak releasing phagocytes and…
17 terms
Pathophysiology- Module 2- Blood Vessel Pathology
Arteriosclerosis
Hypertension.
Causes of Hypertension
Angiotensin- Rein Mechanism
Brings about a hardening and thickening of the arterial wall.…
Systolic pressure greater than 140 mm HG or diastolic pressur…
1) Inappropriate vasoconstriction brought about by excessive…
A mechanism is in use when either an indivdual's blood pressu…
Arteriosclerosis
Brings about a hardening and thickening of the arterial wall.…
Hypertension.
Systolic pressure greater than 140 mm HG or diastolic pressur…
82 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2- Inflammation and Healing
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
What is a non-specific defense?
True/False- Phagocytosis is a specific…
True
*1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
Fluids- skin, tears, saliva, mucus, gastric acid. *Barriers…
False. Phagocytosis is non-specific- it does not matter what…
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
True
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
*1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
33 terms
Module 2, Chapter 7; Pathophysiology
Disease
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Cell metabolism
Is an abnormal condition in which the body's steady state (ho…
Is the study of disease
Is the study of the physical, chemical, and mechanical proces…
Is the sum of the chemical reactions that occur within cells,…
Disease
Is an abnormal condition in which the body's steady state (ho…
Pathology
Is the study of disease
35 terms
Module 2.1 Pathophysiology of hypertension
define HTN
normal BP range
prehypertensive BP range
Stage I BP HTN
BP>140/90 for >2 readings at >/= 2 occasions... NEVER SINGLE
<120/<80
S: 120-139... D: 80-89
S: 140-159... D: 90-99
define HTN
BP>140/90 for >2 readings at >/= 2 occasions... NEVER SINGLE
normal BP range
<120/<80
NAT 302 HOLISTIC PATHOPHYSIOLOGY MODULE 2
Which of the following is NOT an essen…
Patients taking glucocorticoids for lo…
An adhesion is...
A thick exudate that is yellow green i…
dilation of blood vessels... migration of leukocytes into the a…
fragile bones... wasting of skeletal muscle... opportunistic infe…
CORRECT a band of scar tissue joining two surfaces that are n…
serous.... fibrinous.... CORRECT purulent.... abscess. ... (Often referr…
Which of the following is NOT an essen…
dilation of blood vessels... migration of leukocytes into the a…
Patients taking glucocorticoids for lo…
fragile bones... wasting of skeletal muscle... opportunistic infe…
40 terms
Pathophysiology- Module 2- Exam 1
What is the body's nonspecific respons…
Define Stressor and give examples of s…
Give examples of a physiologic stressor.
Define what an endogenous stressor is…
Stress
An event of environmental agent responsible for initiation th…
Trauma, surgery, temperature extremes, pain, severe hemmorage
Arises from within the body... ex. Chronic illness, infection
What is the body's nonspecific respons…
Stress
Define Stressor and give examples of s…
An event of environmental agent responsible for initiation th…
20 terms
Pathophysiology exam module 2
Which of the following is an example o…
Which of the following is an example o…
What is the cause of an anaphylaxis re…
A 20-year-old male received a knife wo…
Placental transfer of antibodies
An injection of immunoglobulins
A severe, systemic allergic reaction
Natural immunity
Which of the following is an example o…
Placental transfer of antibodies
Which of the following is an example o…
An injection of immunoglobulins
55 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2 Test
Which statement indicates the nurse ne…
A nurse is discussing the process of p…
While caring for a pregnant patient, t…
If a child presents to the emergency d…
catabolism
Ubiquitin-proteosome pathway.
physiologic hypertrophy.
Fish
Which statement indicates the nurse ne…
catabolism
A nurse is discussing the process of p…
Ubiquitin-proteosome pathway.
82 terms
Pathophysiology Module 2- Inflammation and Healing
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
What is a non-specific defense?
True/False- Phagocytosis is a specific…
True
1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
Fluids- skin, tears, saliva, mucus, gastric acid. Barriers- s…
False. Phagocytosis is non-specific- it does not matter what…
True/False- Any type of injury can ini…
True
What are the 4 steps of the inflammato…
1. Damaged tissue releases histamines, increasing blood flow…
282 terms
Module 2: Central Concetps of Pathophysiology: Cells and Tissues
Atrophy
Physiologic atrophy
pathologic atrophy
Hypertrophy
decrease or shrinkage in cellular size, entire organ shrinks,…
early development, thymus gland undergoes during childhood
result of decreases in workload, use, pressure, blood supply,…
increase in the size of cells and size of organ, heart and ki…
Atrophy
decrease or shrinkage in cellular size, entire organ shrinks,…
Physiologic atrophy
early development, thymus gland undergoes during childhood
255 terms
Pathophysiology test 1, module 2
fluid balance
what happens when fluid volume output…
exchange across membranes
excess fluid volume can lead to...
homeostasis; total amount of water in body remains relatively…
volume deficits may result; the immediate goal in treating a…
continuous exchange of fluids across membranes separating the…
hypertension, congestive heart failure, peripheral edema
fluid balance
homeostasis; total amount of water in body remains relatively…
what happens when fluid volume output…
volume deficits may result; the immediate goal in treating a…
11 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology and Physiology Module 2: Stress
Reading Assignment
Section Objectives
(1) Define physiologic stress, identif…
(2) Describe Selye's historic general…
Relevant text book chapters:... McCance and Huether (2014): Cha…
Week 2... Mechanisms of self-defense: immunity and inflammation,…
Stress is a condition in which a demand exceeds a person's co…
Study text pages 204 and 205; refer to Figures 8-2 and 8-3.... W…
Reading Assignment
Relevant text book chapters:... McCance and Huether (2014): Cha…
Section Objectives
Week 2... Mechanisms of self-defense: immunity and inflammation,…
34 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology and Physiology: Module 2 Mechanisms of Self Defense
Describe the 4 types of hypersensitivi…
Module 2 Mechanisms of self-defense Ob…
Allergy
Autoimmunity:
Inappropriate immune response. Most diseases caused by hypers…
Week 2... Mechanisms of self-defense: immunity and inflammation,…
Deleterious (causing harm) effects of hypersensitivity to env…
Disturbances in the immunologic tolerance of self-antigens. S…
Describe the 4 types of hypersensitivi…
Inappropriate immune response. Most diseases caused by hypers…
Module 2 Mechanisms of self-defense Ob…
Week 2... Mechanisms of self-defense: immunity and inflammation,…
100 terms
Pathophysiology Exam 1 Chp 3/Module 2
______ decreases the cell substance an…
3 causes of cellular atrophy
Example of physiologic atrophy
Example of pathologic atrophy
Cellular atrophy
1. Physiologic (associated with normal development; good)... 2.…
thymus gland is big when you are born and atrophies after pub…
Muscle atrophy ... (occurs as a result of decreases in workload,…
______ decreases the cell substance an…
Cellular atrophy
3 causes of cellular atrophy
1. Physiologic (associated with normal development; good)... 2.…
72 terms
Module 2: Terms to know
Ischemia
Atheroscelrosis
Coronary Heart Disease
Dyslipidemia
Low levels of blood supply
build up of fats, cholesterols, and other substances on arter…
impairs pumping ability which deprives the heart muscle to pr…
abnormally elevated levels of cholesterol and/or fats in blood
Ischemia
Low levels of blood supply
Atheroscelrosis
build up of fats, cholesterols, and other substances on arter…
23 terms
Pathophysiology Module Two
atrophy
HYPERtrophy
HYPERplasia
Metaplasia
decrease in cell SIZE
increase in cell SIZE
increase in cell NUMBER
reversible replacement
atrophy
decrease in cell SIZE
HYPERtrophy
increase in cell SIZE
57 terms
NR 281 Module 2
Antigen
Antibodies
Humoral immunity
Cell-mediated immunity
A substance that evokes the production of one or more antibod…
AKA: Immunoglobin (IgE, IgG, IgM)... A large, Y-shaped protein p…
Production of antibodies in response to an antigen... Mediated b…
Production of cytotoxic lymphocytes, activated macrophages, a…
Antigen
A substance that evokes the production of one or more antibod…
Antibodies
AKA: Immunoglobin (IgE, IgG, IgM)... A large, Y-shaped protein p…
211 terms
Endocrine- Module 2
What lab tests can be ordered to monit…
What is the Plasma fasting glucose lev…
What is the glucose level from a gluco…
What is Sulfonylurea Measurement?
-plasma fasting glucose level... -gluclose tolerance test... -Plast…
>126 mg/dL
2hr > 200 mg/dL
medication to stimulate insulin release from beta cells of pa…
What lab tests can be ordered to monit…
-plasma fasting glucose level... -gluclose tolerance test... -Plast…
What is the Plasma fasting glucose lev…
>126 mg/dL
33 terms
Measure Module 2
Heart Failure
How prevalent is Heart Failure for hos…
What are the cultural considerations o…
HF Risk Factors
Abnormal Clinical syndrome that involves inadequate pumping a…
HF is the most common reason for hospital admission in older…
African Americans have a higher incidence of HF, HF developme…
HTN, CAD, Diabetes, advanced age, tobacco use, obesity, high…
Heart Failure
Abnormal Clinical syndrome that involves inadequate pumping a…
How prevalent is Heart Failure for hos…
HF is the most common reason for hospital admission in older…
37 terms
Module 1 (Chp 2) Pathophysiology
Acidosis
Aldosterone
Alkalosis
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH or vasopress…
An increase in acidity of the blood
Hormone produced and released by adrenal cortex that controls…
Refers to a reduced amount of hydrogen ions in the arterial b…
Hormone produced in the hypothalamus and released by the post…
Acidosis
An increase in acidity of the blood
Aldosterone
Hormone produced and released by adrenal cortex that controls…
19 terms
1 - Module 2.0
This occurs as a result of toxic injur…
The cellular response to injuries that…
Cells adapt to change or injury throug…
Cells adapt to change or injury throug…
Cell injury
AdaptiveCell
atrophy and hypertrophy
hyperplasia
This occurs as a result of toxic injur…
Cell injury
The cellular response to injuries that…
AdaptiveCell
91 terms
APB3 module 2(musculoskeletal injuries)
how much blood loss (ml) can potential…
what are the symptoms of hypovolaemia
what is the management of hypovolaemia?
list some types of nerve injury
pelvis = 1000 - massive... femur = 1000-2000... humerus = 500-1000…
- decreased BP... - decreased GCS... - increased RR... - increased HR…
- stop/restrict haemorrhage (pressure, elevation, CAT)... - spli…
- complex regional pain syndrome (autonomic malfunction: more…
how much blood loss (ml) can potential…
pelvis = 1000 - massive... femur = 1000-2000... humerus = 500-1000…
what are the symptoms of hypovolaemia
- decreased BP... - decreased GCS... - increased RR... - increased HR…
28 terms
Module 2
Chromosomes
DNA polymerase
Transcription
Translation
Where the DNA is located
Is the primary enzyme involved in replication. It adds bases…
The organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is cop…
The process by which RNA directs the synthesis of polypeptide…
Chromosomes
Where the DNA is located
DNA polymerase
Is the primary enzyme involved in replication. It adds bases…
Module 2
Acute Respiratory Failure
Acute Respiratory Failure: Manifestati…
Dyspnea Interventions
Pulmonary Embolism
Based on ABG value of PaO2 less than 60 mm Hg, SaO2 less than…
Respiratory rate and quality... Patient positioning... Color... Patien…
Oxygen therapy... Position of comfort... Relaxation, diversion, and…
A collection of particulate matter—solids, liquids, or air—en…
Acute Respiratory Failure
Based on ABG value of PaO2 less than 60 mm Hg, SaO2 less than…
Acute Respiratory Failure: Manifestati…
Respiratory rate and quality... Patient positioning... Color... Patien…
9 terms
Module 2: Antihistamines
Pathophysiology of Allergic Response
Histamine
H1 Receptors and their effects
H2 receptors and their effects
Penetration or administration of allergen stimulates immune r…
Synthesis of... -mast cells and basophils ... -gastric mucosal ce…
Smooth Muscle and vascular endothelium, brain. ... -lungs: bron…
Gastric parietal cells, cardiac muscle, mast cells and brain…
Pathophysiology of Allergic Response
Penetration or administration of allergen stimulates immune r…
Histamine
Synthesis of... -mast cells and basophils ... -gastric mucosal ce…
Module 2
Chemotaxis
Mediators of Inflammation
Inflammation Response
Basophils
Movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals... Exam…
Bradykinin-causes dilation, pain, permeability, leukocyte che…
1. Puncture ... 2. bacteria invades... 3. capillary dilates... 4. capi…
Account for 0%-1% of WBC's ... Contain histamine and heperin... R…
Chemotaxis
Movement of cells or organisms in response to chemicals... Exam…
Mediators of Inflammation
Bradykinin-causes dilation, pain, permeability, leukocyte che…
35 terms
Module 2
Bacteria
Exotoxin
Endotoxins
Normal Flora
-autonously replicating unicellular organism that lack an org…
-gram +... -interfere with nerve condition, cause GI distress/ N…
-gram -... -release after bacteria dies... -cause fever, weakness,…
-resident bacteria... -yeast present to promote normal functioni…
Bacteria
-autonously replicating unicellular organism that lack an org…
Exotoxin
-gram +... -interfere with nerve condition, cause GI distress/ N…
261 terms
Pathophysiology Module 4
The 4 general purposes of the acute in…
What are the classic signs of inflamma…
The 3 main categories of physical and…
Discuss tight junctions between epithe…
1) Prevent serious infection and further damage by microorgan…
1) Tight junctions between epithelial cells... 2) Mechanical cle…
Epithelial cells of the skin and mucous membranes are held ti…
The 4 general purposes of the acute in…
1) Prevent serious infection and further damage by microorgan…
What are the classic signs of inflamma…
17 terms
1 - Module 2.3
What are some reversible (early) conse…
Explain the process of Vacuolation wit…
This is the parrern of reversible cell…
What organ is particularly susceptible…
-cell swelling and bebbling... -vacuolation... -nuclear chromatin c…
hypoxic injury -> membrane damage -> Na+-K+ ATPase pump failu…
Fatty change
The liver, especially due to alcohol ingestion
What are some reversible (early) conse…
-cell swelling and bebbling... -vacuolation... -nuclear chromatin c…
Explain the process of Vacuolation wit…
hypoxic injury -> membrane damage -> Na+-K+ ATPase pump failu…
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