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Study sets matching "pathophysiology patho cluster"

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Study sets matching "pathophysiology patho cluster"

115 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 2
CVA death rate ranking in US
What are the two kinds of CVA, and wha…
Stroke definition
Cerebral thrombosis
4th
Embolic caused by occlusion and Hemorrhagic caused by rupture.
Any injury to brain tissue from disturbance of blood supply
most common, thrombosis of cerebral artery narrowed by arteri…
CVA death rate ranking in US
4th
What are the two kinds of CVA, and wha…
Embolic caused by occlusion and Hemorrhagic caused by rupture.
134 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster I
What are the leading causes of death?
Incidence
Prevalence
Frequency
Heart disease, Cancer, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Un…
number of newly diagnosed patients in a given time period
number of persons with the disease at any given time
number of affected people/total population
What are the leading causes of death?
Heart disease, Cancer, Chronic lower respiratory diseases, Un…
Incidence
number of newly diagnosed patients in a given time period
70 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3
Mural Thrombi
Embolus
Most common site for cardiac and aorti…
Infarct
thrombi that adhere to walls of heart chambers or aortic lumen
a detached clot or fragment of a clot carried into the pulmon…
brain
tissue necrosis from interruption of blood flow
Mural Thrombi
thrombi that adhere to walls of heart chambers or aortic lumen
Embolus
a detached clot or fragment of a clot carried into the pulmon…
232 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 2
What is GERD (gastroesophageal reflux…
What is the pathology of GERD?
Symptoms of GERD?
Treatment of GERD?
Where the lower esophageal sphincter does not close entirely…
there is basal cell and squamous cell hyperplasia as well as…
heartburn and dysphagia (indigestion)
the main form of treatment is pharmacological to reduce acid…
What is GERD (gastroesophageal reflux…
Where the lower esophageal sphincter does not close entirely…
What is the pathology of GERD?
there is basal cell and squamous cell hyperplasia as well as…
95 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 1
physiology
pathology
pathophysiology
disease
the study of body systems and functions
the study of disease
sequence of events from structural and or functional abnormal…
disturbance of the body structure functions that is harmful t…
physiology
the study of body systems and functions
pathology
the study of disease
172 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 1
physiology
pathology
pathophysiology
disease
the study of body systems and functions
the study of disease
sequence of events from structural and/or functional abnormal…
disturbance of body structure or function that is harmful to…
physiology
the study of body systems and functions
pathology
the study of disease
96 terms
cluster 3 pathophysiology
tests for respiratory function
pneumothorax
hydrothorax
pyothorax
lung capacity tests, pulse oximetry (measures blood oxygen co…
air in pleural cavity
pleural effusion from water in the pleural cavity
PMN leukocytes in pleural cavity due to infection of the pleura
tests for respiratory function
lung capacity tests, pulse oximetry (measures blood oxygen co…
pneumothorax
air in pleural cavity
166 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3
parietal pleura
visceral pleura
intrapleural pressure
pneumothorax
lines the pleural cavity
lines the lungs
negative pressure... -4 mm Hg
air in the pleural cavity... caused by penetrating wound, latrog…
parietal pleura
lines the pleural cavity
visceral pleura
lines the lungs
76 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3
Pneumothorax
Pleural effusion
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (A…
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome…
Air in pleural cavity due to penetrating wound, latrogenic (b…
Accumulation of excess fluid in pleural cavity... -hydrothorax-w…
Symptoms: tachypnea, dyspnea, cyanosis, hypoxemia, sepsis, pu…
born before lungs have fully matured, lack sufficient surfact…
Pneumothorax
Air in pleural cavity due to penetrating wound, latrogenic (b…
Pleural effusion
Accumulation of excess fluid in pleural cavity... -hydrothorax-w…
40 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 2
Lactotroph Adenoma
Somatotroph Adenoma
Corticotroph Adenoma
Diabetes Insipidus
Excess prolactin secretion
Excess secretion of growth hormone... Acromegaly and Gigantism
Overproduction of adrenocorticotropic hormone (stress hormones)
Caused by posterior pituitary adenoma... Deficient secretion of…
Lactotroph Adenoma
Excess prolactin secretion
Somatotroph Adenoma
Excess secretion of growth hormone... Acromegaly and Gigantism
169 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 2
thyroid gland hormones
normal axis/flow of thyroid hormones
Graves disease
hashimoto's thyroiditis
T3 (triiodothyronine)... T4 (thyroxine)... lipophilic... T3 is more po…
TRH->TSH->T3/T4... negative feedback
too much thyroid hormone... hyperthyroidism
too little thyroid hormone... hypothyroidism... TRH and TSH are fin…
thyroid gland hormones
T3 (triiodothyronine)... T4 (thyroxine)... lipophilic... T3 is more po…
normal axis/flow of thyroid hormones
TRH->TSH->T3/T4... negative feedback
91 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3 Diseases
Arterial or cardiac thrombi
Venous thrombosis
Superficial venous thrombi
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Sites of turbulence or endothelial injury, Mural thrombi (hea…
Sites of stasis or slow flow, Red/stasis thrombi (rbcs greate…
Saphenous veins, blood clot
Popliteal, femoral, iliac (large vein above knee), Blood clot
Arterial or cardiac thrombi
Sites of turbulence or endothelial injury, Mural thrombi (hea…
Venous thrombosis
Sites of stasis or slow flow, Red/stasis thrombi (rbcs greate…
138 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 1
physiology
pathology
pathophysiology
disease
the study of body systems and functions
the study of disease
sequence of events from structural and/or functional abnormal…
disturbance of body structure or function that is harmful to…
physiology
the study of body systems and functions
pathology
the study of disease
49 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 1
The leading cause of death in the U.S.…
Obesity is defined by a body mass inde…
Diabetes is a leading cause of
Metaplasia is
Heart Disease
30
Amputations, Blindness, Kidney Failure (All of the Above)
A change from one adult cell type to another
The leading cause of death in the U.S.…
Heart Disease
Obesity is defined by a body mass inde…
30
38 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3
Methods used to measure respiratory fu…
pneumothorax
pleural effusion
acute respiratory distress syndrome (A…
-breath sounds... -lung capacity tests... -chest x-ray... -pulse oxime…
air in pleural cavity (from wounds, latrogenic, spontaneous)
accumulation of excess fluid in the pleural cavity (hydrothor…
-exudative phase: degeneration endothelial cells, edema, accu…
Methods used to measure respiratory fu…
-breath sounds... -lung capacity tests... -chest x-ray... -pulse oxime…
pneumothorax
air in pleural cavity (from wounds, latrogenic, spontaneous)
83 terms
pathophysiology cluster 2
lactotroph adenoma
somatotroph adenoma
diabetes insipidus
enzyme in synthesis of thyroid hormone
increased prolactin secretion, most common adenoma on anterio…
excessive growth hormone secretion. Acromegly and gigantism.…
deficiency of ADH/vasopressin which is related to kidney func…
thyroid peroxidase
lactotroph adenoma
increased prolactin secretion, most common adenoma on anterio…
somatotroph adenoma
excessive growth hormone secretion. Acromegly and gigantism.…
97 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3 - Heart
Where does blood above the diaphragm f…
Where does blood below the diaphragm f…
What is heart failure?
What is congestive heart failure?
Superior vena cava
Inferior vena cava
Progressive decrease in cardiac output and tissue perfusion (…
Heart failure with fluid overload
Where does blood above the diaphragm f…
Superior vena cava
Where does blood below the diaphragm f…
Inferior vena cava
50 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 2
If a patient is administered GM-CSF, i…
Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody b…
Which of the following is the most imm…
A nucleated RBC is a
Monocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils (a, b, c)
Abnormally low number neutrophils in the blood
Myeloblast
Erythroblst
If a patient is administered GM-CSF, i…
Monocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils (a, b, c)
Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody b…
Abnormally low number neutrophils in the blood
46 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3
A 61 year old woman presents ith a 3-y…
A 57 tear old man is admitted to the h…
Pulmonary stenosis may result in
All of the following may result from r…
Claudification
Infarction through the wall of the left ventricle
Hypertrophy of the right ventricle
Pulmonary edema... TRUE: ascites, swollen ankles, venous jugula…
A 61 year old woman presents ith a 3-y…
Claudification
A 57 tear old man is admitted to the h…
Infarction through the wall of the left ventricle
48 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3--Beck
What is a thrombus?
What is an embolus?
What is a vascular occlusion?
What is ischemia?
an intravascular clot
a detached piece or fragment of something that is carried by…
an obstruction of a vessel
critical reduction in blood flow
What is a thrombus?
an intravascular clot
What is an embolus?
a detached piece or fragment of something that is carried by…
59 terms
Pathophysiology (Cluster 1)
What is etiology?
What is a pathogen?
What is pathogenesis?
What is frequency in terms of diseased…
the cause of a disease
any microorganism that causes disease
the process of development of a disease (think Celiac's disea…
the number of affected people out of the total number of peop…
What is etiology?
the cause of a disease
What is a pathogen?
any microorganism that causes disease
48 terms
Pathophysiology of Migraine, Tension and Cluster
Premonitory Symptom: allodynia... A. Neu…
Premonitory Symptom: Phonophobia... A. N…
Premonitory Symptom: Photophobia... A. N…
Premonitory Symptom: Difficulty Concen…
A. Neurologic
A. Neurologic
A. Neurologic
A. Neurologic
Premonitory Symptom: allodynia... A. Neu…
A. Neurologic
Premonitory Symptom: Phonophobia... A. N…
A. Neurologic
262 terms
Pathology Cluster Exam 3
Rheumatic heart disease is considered…
This heart disease occurs in early adu…
This valvular disease is seen as bulky…
Which coronary artery is affected if t…
Valvular heart disease
Congestive cardiomyopathy
Infective endocarditis
Left anterior descending coronary artery
Rheumatic heart disease is considered…
Valvular heart disease
This heart disease occurs in early adu…
Congestive cardiomyopathy
49 terms
PATHOLOGY CLUSTER 4
in respiratory distress of the newborn…
inflammatory response to the initial e…
the patchy areas of consolidation foun…
sequestered polymorphonuclear inflamma…
morphologic cause - primary atelectasis... physiologic cause - e…
gohn focus
stage of gray hepatization
stage of gray hepatization
in respiratory distress of the newborn…
morphologic cause - primary atelectasis... physiologic cause - e…
inflammatory response to the initial e…
gohn focus
38 terms
Pulmonary Pathology and Pathophysiology
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD
Occurance rate of COPD
Chronic Bronchitis
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
1 in 4 smokers will get at least 1 component.
Defined as a chronic cough and production of sputum for a min…
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
COPD
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
50 terms
Pathophysiology - Cardiovascular Pathology
thrombus
patent
diastolic blood pressure
defibrillation
blood clot that forms in the blood vessels and remains at the…
naturally open or unblocked
pressure within the arteries while the heart is at rest in be…
application of electrical shock to restore a regular heartbeat
thrombus
blood clot that forms in the blood vessels and remains at the…
patent
naturally open or unblocked
124 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3 Disease States
Arterial or cardiac thrombi
Venus thrombosis
Recanalized organized thrombi
Superficial venous thrombi
*Usually at a site of turbulence or endothelial injury... *Usual…
*Usually at a site of stasis... *Usually more RBC
Connective tissue has closed off the vessel and angiogenesis…
Local congestion, swelling, pain, and tenderness
Arterial or cardiac thrombi
*Usually at a site of turbulence or endothelial injury... *Usual…
Venus thrombosis
*Usually at a site of stasis... *Usually more RBC
38 terms
Pulmonary Pathology and Pathophysiology
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD
Occurance rate of COPD
Chronic Bronchitis
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
1 in 4 smokers will get at least 1 component.
Defined as a chronic cough and production of sputum for a min…
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
COPD
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
121 terms
Pathophysiology Cluster 3 - part II
What is gastro-esophageal reflux disea…
What exacerbates GERD?
What is the pathology of reflux esopha…
What are symptoms of reflux esophagiti…
Relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter that allows a re…
Alcohol, chocolate, fatty foods, cigarette smoke, morphine, d…
Basal cell hyperplasia, squamous cell hyperplasia, inflammato…
Heartburn 1-3 hours after meal, dysphagia (indigestion)
What is gastro-esophageal reflux disea…
Relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter that allows a re…
What exacerbates GERD?
Alcohol, chocolate, fatty foods, cigarette smoke, morphine, d…
38 terms
Pulmonary Pathology and Pathophysiology
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD
Occurance rate of COPD
Chronic Bronchitis
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
1 in 4 smokers will get at least 1 component.
Defined as a chronic cough and production of sputum for a min…
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
COPD
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
38 terms
Pulmonary Pathology and Pathophysiology
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD
Occurance rate of COPD
Chronic Bronchitis
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
1 in 4 smokers will get at least 1 component.
Defined as a chronic cough and production of sputum for a min…
Types of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD... Pneumonias ... Tuberculosis... Lung Cancers
COPD
Lung disease characterized by chronic airway obstruction with…
30 terms
AKI pathology and pathophysiology
AKI in the ICU is nearly 50%. Why?
kidney recovery after AKI
vacuoles and loss of brush boarders an…
muddy brown casts... aka course pigmented…
*depending on the type of AKI and the clinical setting and co…
Half of the patients who survive acute tubular necrosis recov…
ATN
acute tubular necrosis... 'sloughed cells in urine'
AKI in the ICU is nearly 50%. Why?
*depending on the type of AKI and the clinical setting and co…
kidney recovery after AKI
Half of the patients who survive acute tubular necrosis recov…
30 terms
AKI pathology and pathophysiology
AKI in the ICU is nearly 50%. Why?
kidney recovery after AKI
vacuoles and loss of brush boarders an…
muddy brown casts... aka course pigmented…
*depending on the type of AKI and the clinical setting and co…
Half of the patients who survive acute tubular necrosis recov…
ATN
acute tubular necrosis... 'sloughed cells in urine'
AKI in the ICU is nearly 50%. Why?
*depending on the type of AKI and the clinical setting and co…
kidney recovery after AKI
Half of the patients who survive acute tubular necrosis recov…
19 terms
Renal Pathology (Pathophysiology)
Normal Kidney Functions:
Afferent and Efferent Arteriole
GFR(glomerular filtration rate) show f…
Uremia
-Removal of metabolic waste: Ammonia, urea, uric acid... -conver…
ushers blood to and from kidney
Nephrons
-accumulation of urine metabolic waste substances in blood... -D…
Normal Kidney Functions:
-Removal of metabolic waste: Ammonia, urea, uric acid... -conver…
Afferent and Efferent Arteriole
ushers blood to and from kidney
123 terms
Pathophysiology: Cellular Pathology and Inflammation
Atrophy
causes of atrophy
Hypertrophy
types of hypertrophy
decrease in cell size
1. disuse- reduction in skeletal muscle use--> slowing of met…
increase in cell size in organ or tissue from increased workl…
normal... adaptive ... compensatory
Atrophy
decrease in cell size
causes of atrophy
1. disuse- reduction in skeletal muscle use--> slowing of met…
20 terms
Pathophysiology Integument Pathology/Integ. terms
macule
patch
papule
nodule
spot, circumscribed, up to 1 cm, not elevated above or depres…
a macule that is greater than 1 cm ex. cafe au lait spots, mo…
bump, palpable and circumscribed, elevated and less than 5 mm…
bump, palpable and circumscribed, 5 mm- 2 cm , might have sig…
macule
spot, circumscribed, up to 1 cm, not elevated above or depres…
patch
a macule that is greater than 1 cm ex. cafe au lait spots, mo…
106 terms
Pathophysiology-Renal Pathology
10% of patients are born with potentia…
Unilateral Agenesis
Renal Hypoplasia
Horseshoe Kidney
Unilateral agenesis... Renal Hypoplasia... Horsehoe Kidney... Renal Cy…
Relatively common, 1 in 800 persons. Usually unaware of its p…
Kidneys do not develop to normal size. Most often affects one…
Fusion of the kidney at the midline, occurs in 1 in 600. Usua…
10% of patients are born with potentia…
Unilateral agenesis... Renal Hypoplasia... Horsehoe Kidney... Renal Cy…
Unilateral Agenesis
Relatively common, 1 in 800 persons. Usually unaware of its p…
106 terms
Pathophysiology-Renal Pathology
10% of patients are born with potentia…
Unilateral Agenesis
Renal Hypoplasia
Horseshoe Kidney
Unilateral agenesis... Renal Hypoplasia... Horsehoe Kidney... Renal Cy…
Relatively common, 1 in 800 persons. Usually unaware of its p…
Kidneys do not develop to normal size. Most often affects one…
Fusion of the kidney at the midline, occurs in 1 in 600. Usua…
10% of patients are born with potentia…
Unilateral agenesis... Renal Hypoplasia... Horsehoe Kidney... Renal Cy…
Unilateral Agenesis
Relatively common, 1 in 800 persons. Usually unaware of its p…
176 terms
USMLE cardiology (pathology and pathophysiology)
Name the valvular defect causing the m…
Name the valvular defect causing the m…
Name the valvular defect causing the m…
Name the valvular defect causing the m…
pulmonic stenosis
aortic stenosis
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
mitral regurgitation
Name the valvular defect causing the m…
pulmonic stenosis
Name the valvular defect causing the m…
aortic stenosis
141 terms
Pathophysiology - Gastrointestinal Pathology
Define Behçet syndrome
What disorder is due to an immune comp…
True or False: Behçet syndrome can be…
Oral Herpes is usually due to which vi…
Recurrent aphthous ulcers, genital, ulcers, and uveitis
Behçet syndrome
True
HSV-1
Define Behçet syndrome
Recurrent aphthous ulcers, genital, ulcers, and uveitis
What disorder is due to an immune comp…
Behçet syndrome
115 terms
CLINICAL PATHOLOGY: ARTICULAR PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
*******Joint Classification (2)
*******Joint Structural Classification…
*******Joint Functional Classification…
*******How much movement typically in…
(1) structure- does it have a joint cavity, material binding…
(1) fibrous... (2) fibrocartilaginous... (3) synovial
(1) synarthroses- immovable (typically axial)... (2) amphiarthro…
typically immoveable
*******Joint Classification (2)
(1) structure- does it have a joint cavity, material binding…
*******Joint Structural Classification…
(1) fibrous... (2) fibrocartilaginous... (3) synovial
115 terms
CLINICAL PATHOLOGY: ARTICULAR PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
*******Joint Classification (2)
*******Joint Structural Classification…
*******Joint Functional Classification…
*******How much movement typically in…
(1) structure- does it have a joint cavity, material binding…
(1) fibrous... (2) fibrocartilaginous... (3) synovial
(1) synarthroses- immovable (typically axial)... (2) amphiarthro…
typically immoveable
*******Joint Classification (2)
(1) structure- does it have a joint cavity, material binding…
*******Joint Structural Classification…
(1) fibrous... (2) fibrocartilaginous... (3) synovial
89 terms
Pathophysiology - Respiratory Tract Pathology
What is the most common cause of rhini…
What disorder presents with common col…
True or False: Allergic rhinitis is a…
Allergic rhinitis is most commonly ass…
Rhinovirus
Rhinitis
True
1. Asthma ... 2. Eczema
What is the most common cause of rhini…
Rhinovirus
What disorder presents with common col…
Rhinitis
111 terms
534 - Pathophysiology - Cell Pathology & Inflammation
Atrophy
Cell Size is Related to:
Causes of Atrophy
How do atrophied cells reduce oxygen c…
Decrease in cell size or "cell shrinkage"
workload; as workload decreases, oxygen consumption & protein…
1.Disuse - due to a reduction in skeletal muscle use... 2.Denerv…
by decreasing the number and size of their organelles and oth…
Atrophy
Decrease in cell size or "cell shrinkage"
Cell Size is Related to:
workload; as workload decreases, oxygen consumption & protein…
90 terms
Pathophysiology Nervous Pathology
Vasogenic edema
Cytotoxic Edema
What condition would you administer a…
Normal intracranial pressure
Creation of edema in blood vessels that occurs when the blood…
Intracellular phenomenon caused by hypoxia or toxic substance…
Cytotoxic edema since it would draw water out of the brain an…
5-15 mmHg
Vasogenic edema
Creation of edema in blood vessels that occurs when the blood…
Cytotoxic Edema
Intracellular phenomenon caused by hypoxia or toxic substance…
61 terms
Pathophysiology: Environmental Pathology
What is the main consequence of obesity?
What are the major environment pathoge…
With what education level are you less…
What is the main cardiovascular event…
type 2 diabetes
smoking... lack of PA... obesity... alcohol abuse... psychoactive drug ab…
higher level
heart attack
What is the main consequence of obesity?
type 2 diabetes
What are the major environment pathoge…
smoking... lack of PA... obesity... alcohol abuse... psychoactive drug ab…
76 terms
Pathophysiology: Pathology of the Lung
Define atelectasis. ... In atelectasis,…
What is the main cause of obstructive…
What causes nonobstructive or compress…
What are the consequences of chronic a…
Atelectasis is defined as the collapse or closure of the lung…
Obstructive atelectasis is caused principally by excessive se…
Nonobstructive (compression) atelectasis occurs whenever the…
With chronic atelectasis, the ciliated epithelium of the smal…
Define atelectasis. ... In atelectasis,…
Atelectasis is defined as the collapse or closure of the lung…
What is the main cause of obstructive…
Obstructive atelectasis is caused principally by excessive se…
29 terms
Pathology of Neoplasia, Pathophysiology 1
define ademona:
define carcinoma:
define sarcoma:
define harmatoma:
most common, benign or low-grade tumor formed from glandular…
epithelial malignancy
mesenchymal malignancy
benign focal malformation resembling tissue of origin
define ademona:
most common, benign or low-grade tumor formed from glandular…
define carcinoma:
epithelial malignancy
39 terms
Pathophysiology: Chapter 2 Cellular Pathology
inflammation
repair
cell cycle
mitosis
the body's composite cellular reaction to injury
the process of healing the injury by regenerating new cells t…
...
a process of organizing and dividing the nucleus into two dau…
inflammation
the body's composite cellular reaction to injury
repair
the process of healing the injury by regenerating new cells t…
22 terms
Pathophysiology and Pathology of the Gonads
Hypothalamus
Anterior Pituitary
LH
FSH
Produces Gonadotropin releasing hormone to stimulate the pitu…
secretes gonadotropin to stimulate testes and ovaries... - lutei…
acts on the ovarian follicle and it induces ovulation and mai…
causes development of the ovarian follicle and stimulates sec…
Hypothalamus
Produces Gonadotropin releasing hormone to stimulate the pitu…
Anterior Pituitary
secretes gonadotropin to stimulate testes and ovaries... - lutei…
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