Study sets matching "pathophysiology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "pathophysiology"

Pathophysiology
Which of the following is considered a…
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
A 17-year-old college-bound student re…
Which term describes an abatement or d…
fever
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
primary prevention
Remission
Which of the following is considered a…
fever
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
887 terms
Pathophysiology
lumen
tunica intima
tunica media
tunia adventitia
central, hollow core of a blood vessel
single layer of endothelial cells, basement membrane, & layer…
middle layer composed of elastic fibers & smooth muscle cells…
outer layer of the blood vessel wall made of fibrous tissue
lumen
central, hollow core of a blood vessel
tunica intima
single layer of endothelial cells, basement membrane, & layer…
Pathophysiology
Blood vessels
Endothelium
Vasoconstriction and diation
Liver, good protein
Although the heart is the center of the cardiovascular system…
Endothelial cells form a continuous lining for the entire vas…
Vascular smooth muscle cells, which form the predominant cell…
High-density lipoprotein is synthesized in the _________ and…
Blood vessels
Although the heart is the center of the cardiovascular system…
Endothelium
Endothelial cells form a continuous lining for the entire vas…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Pathophysiology
Mutation hot spots
Gametes
Somatic cells
Autosomes
Cytosine next to guanine increases chance of mutations
Egg and sperm cells... Haploid (23 chromosomes)... Meiosis
All cells other than egg and sperm... Diploid (23 pairs)... Mitosis
First 22/23 pairs of chromosomes... Homologous
Mutation hot spots
Cytosine next to guanine increases chance of mutations
Gametes
Egg and sperm cells... Haploid (23 chromosomes)... Meiosis
185 terms
Pathophysiology
Differential diagnoses
pertinent positives
pertinent negatives
coronary artery disease
all of the diseases/ issues that are being considered
specific symptoms that raise suspicion for a particular disease
specific symptoms that are not present- cause physician to do…
CAD... - narrowing of coronary arteries, causes angina ... chest pa…
Differential diagnoses
all of the diseases/ issues that are being considered
pertinent positives
specific symptoms that raise suspicion for a particular disease
161 terms
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
hyper
hypo
itis
osis
means high
means low
means inflammation
means abnormal state ( not necessarily infection)
hyper
means high
hypo
means low
Pathophysiology
A Zygote is an example of what kind of…
3 Distinguishing features of stem cells?
What makes up the inner cell mass of t…
What does the inner mass of the blasto…
Totipotent stem cell
1. undifferentiated ... 2. Self-renewal: produce daughter cells…
Pluripotent stem cells
forms different cell types of the body, but cannot form the p…
A Zygote is an example of what kind of…
Totipotent stem cell
3 Distinguishing features of stem cells?
1. undifferentiated ... 2. Self-renewal: produce daughter cells…
21 terms
Pathophysiology
Phospholipid Bilayer
Plasma Membrane
Integral Proteins
Transmembrane Proteins
Makes up Plasma Membrane... Hydrophilic (polar) Heads(water-lovi…
Integral Proteins... Transmembrane Proteins... Lipid Bilayer
Transport across membrane
Communication/transport between intracellular/extracellular e…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Makes up Plasma Membrane... Hydrophilic (polar) Heads(water-lovi…
Plasma Membrane
Integral Proteins... Transmembrane Proteins... Lipid Bilayer
59 terms
Pathophysiology
adipo
aero
angio
arterio
fat
air, gas
vessel
artery
adipo
fat
aero
air, gas
72 terms
Pathophysiology
Homeostasis:
Homeostasis:
Homeostasis:
Homeostasis:
derived from the Greek, 'homeo' or same, and 'stasis' or stab…
describes a tendency to stabilize an organism's functional sy…
state of being in which all systems for life are balanced at…
A dynamic steady state, represeneting the net effect of all t…
Homeostasis:
derived from the Greek, 'homeo' or same, and 'stasis' or stab…
Homeostasis:
describes a tendency to stabilize an organism's functional sy…
Pathophysiology
Lead Orientation-Lisa
Lateral
Inferior wall
Septal
Can see which artery is involved depending on portion that is…
I, aVL, V5, V6
II, III, aVF
V1, V2
Lead Orientation-Lisa
Can see which artery is involved depending on portion that is…
Lateral
I, aVL, V5, V6
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
141 terms
Pathophysiology
Amino acids
Nucleotides
Cell membrane
Rough ER
break down into urea and ammonia
break down into ribose and uric acid (which is elevated in pe…
made up of hydrophobic heads/hydrophilic tails (like an oreo)
makes proteins (enzymes=cellular processes, antibodies= bind…
Amino acids
break down into urea and ammonia
Nucleotides
break down into ribose and uric acid (which is elevated in pe…
65 terms
Pathophysiology
health
Disease
health indicators
Adjustments for health indicators woul…
physical, mental, and social well being
deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
represent the values expected in a typical individual but are…
age, gender, genetics, environment, and activity level.
health
physical, mental, and social well being
Disease
deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
50 terms
Pathophysiology
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Parvo
Hostile external environment
-Science of the function of living organism and its parts... -Ph…
-Physiology of disordered function... -study of impact of diseas…
Kills villi in intestine
-hot/cold weather... -housing/hygiene... -external parasites... -preda…
Physiology
-Science of the function of living organism and its parts... -Ph…
Pathophysiology
-Physiology of disordered function... -study of impact of diseas…
74 terms
pathophysiology
1 in 800 chance of being born with a c…
Checkup or physical examination
At your health screening, you describe…
The study of functional alterations in…
Incidence
secondary prevention
Symptoms
Pathophysiology
1 in 800 chance of being born with a c…
Incidence
Checkup or physical examination
secondary prevention
73 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Health
Disease
The study of changes in cell/tissue structure related to deat…
Study of how disease affects body functions
Having the ability to maintain homeostasis when exposed to no…
Being unable to maintain homeostasis when exposed to normal c…
Pathology
The study of changes in cell/tissue structure related to deat…
Pathophysiology
Study of how disease affects body functions
122 terms
Pathophysiology
During SEPTIC SHOCK *vasoactive mediat…
Septic Shock what cause vasodilation +…
Complement System for Septic Shock
left atrial pressure FOR risk of incre…
INCREASE Vascular permeability -> Systemic vascular resistanc…
Kinn system ... bradykinin ... Histamine -> edema formation
1. Release of C5a and C3a -> microemboli and endothelial cell…
> 25 mm Hg... # normal left atrial pressure is 4 to 12 mm Hg.
During SEPTIC SHOCK *vasoactive mediat…
INCREASE Vascular permeability -> Systemic vascular resistanc…
Septic Shock what cause vasodilation +…
Kinn system ... bradykinin ... Histamine -> edema formation
123 terms
Pathophysiology
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Why can leukopenia be dangerous?
Hematologic Neoplasia
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
There is an increased risk for life threatening infections
Qualitative disorders of white blood cells. ... Phagocytic cells…
Leukocytosis
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Leukopenia
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
108 terms
Pathophysiology
#5 Fluid & Electrolyte Imbalances Le…
Function of ADH
Why is Sodium balance important? (3)
Function of Aldosterone
...
Regulates water balance
1. Accounts for 90% of ECF cations ... 2. Maintains extracellula…
Increases Na+ reabsorption which indirectly increases water r…
#5 Fluid & Electrolyte Imbalances Le…
...
Function of ADH
Regulates water balance
132 terms
Pathophysiology
metaplasia
dysplasia
oxidative injury
intracellular calcium
A reversible change that replaces 1 adult cell type with anot…
Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
occurs when free radicals, which are not neutralized by antio…
Allows for muscle contraction, nerve impulses, secretion of h…
metaplasia
A reversible change that replaces 1 adult cell type with anot…
dysplasia
Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
123 terms
Pathophysiology
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Why can leukopenia be dangerous?
Hematologic Neoplasia
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
There is an increased risk for life threatening infections
Qualitative disorders of white blood cells. ... Phagocytic cells…
Leukocytosis
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Leukopenia
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
83 terms
Pathophysiology
Hyperplasia
Causes of hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
Causes of Hypertrophy
Increase in cell number. Cells retain normal structure.
- hormone signaling (uterine lining)... - increased functional w…
Increase in cell size. Cells retain normal structure.
- hormonal signaling (breast cells for lactation)... - increased…
Hyperplasia
Increase in cell number. Cells retain normal structure.
Causes of hyperplasia
- hormone signaling (uterine lining)... - increased functional w…
169 terms
Pathophysiology
etiology
epidemiology
Labile Cells def and Ex
Stable cells def and Ex
cause
the study of disease in populations
cells with short half-life, abundant stem cells; most repair…
cells with long life, abundant stem cells (high regen activit…
etiology
cause
epidemiology
the study of disease in populations
87 terms
Pathophysiology
Atherosclerosis
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS)
Angina Pectoris
Pulmonary Edema
Characterized by patches of lipid-based plaques encroaching o…
Acute obstruction of a coronary artery leading to chest disco…
When exertion or cardiac workload and the resultant O2 demand…
Acute, severe left ventricular failure with pulmonary venous…
Atherosclerosis
Characterized by patches of lipid-based plaques encroaching o…
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS)
Acute obstruction of a coronary artery leading to chest disco…
Pathophysiology
children with moderately short stature…
abnormally high growth rate as a child…
normal GH levels but have a genetic de…
lack of all pituitary hormones, lack o…
Constitutional Short Stature
catch-up growth
Laron-type dwarfism
panhypopituitarism
children with moderately short stature…
Constitutional Short Stature
abnormally high growth rate as a child…
catch-up growth
100 terms
Pathophysiology
A 50-year-old chronic alcoholic presen…
A CT scan of a 43-year-old woman with…
A 75-year-old woman with Alzheimer dis…
A 64-year-old man with long-standing a…
Fat necrosis
Metastatic calcification
Atrophy
mRNA
A 50-year-old chronic alcoholic presen…
Fat necrosis
A CT scan of a 43-year-old woman with…
Metastatic calcification
73 terms
Pathophysiology
Identiy the 3 major parts of a cell
what is the function of the plasma mem…
what is the function of the cytoplasm?
what is the function of the nucleus?
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
major structural feture is the phospholipid bilayer, also con…
jelly-like substance which differs from cell type . Cellular…
absolutely necessary for the survival of the cell , also cont…
Identiy the 3 major parts of a cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
what is the function of the plasma mem…
major structural feture is the phospholipid bilayer, also con…
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathogenesis
What does adaptation depend on?
The study of people who are suffering. Pathos = suffering.
The study of suffering (pathos or pathetic)
Mechanisms or origin (genesis) of suffering
Blood supply and nutrition (ATP); Type, dose, and duration (s…
Pathophysiology
The study of people who are suffering. Pathos = suffering.
Pathology
The study of suffering (pathos or pathetic)
Pathophysiology
When testing subjects, what must you c…
What standard conditions must you cons…
What is familiarization in terms of st…
What should you avoid in muscle streng…
Training specificity. The way you test the subject will influ…
Making sure the subject knows how to do the exercise
Ballistic movement unless power is being tested
When testing subjects, what must you c…
Training specificity. The way you test the subject will influ…
What standard conditions must you cons…
Pathophysiology
If a person has innate resistance to a…
A 20-year-old male received a knife wo…
What is a purpose of the inflammatory…
A child fell off the swing and scraped…
Natural
Natural immunity
To prevent infection of the injured tissue
Edema at injured site
If a person has innate resistance to a…
Natural
A 20-year-old male received a knife wo…
Natural immunity
13 terms
Pathophysiology
causes of cell injury
hypoxia
atrophy
hypertrophy
chemicals, biological agents, cold, radiation, infections, tr…
deficiency of oxygen causing cell injury and cell death
decrease f cell size caused by loos of organelles and substan…
increase of cell size
causes of cell injury
chemicals, biological agents, cold, radiation, infections, tr…
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen causing cell injury and cell death
96 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology
Homeostasis
the cell
human cells have:
the study of the structural and functional changes in cells,…
the body's ability to use a feedback control system to regula…
smallest functional unit of the body
a cell membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
Pathophysiology
the study of the structural and functional changes in cells,…
Homeostasis
the body's ability to use a feedback control system to regula…
14 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathos
Physio
Logos
Pathophysiology
suffering pain
function, nature
study, discourse
systemic study of the functional changes in the cell altered…
Pathos
suffering pain
Physio
function, nature
230 terms
Pathophysiology
What is Pathophysiology?
What is Etiology?
What are the four categories of Etiolo…
Describe genetic
Structual alternatives in cells, tissues or organs in relatio…
causes the disease
Genetic, congenital, Aquired, idiopathic
deals with your chromosome structure
What is Pathophysiology?
Structual alternatives in cells, tissues or organs in relatio…
What is Etiology?
causes the disease
69 terms
Pathophysiology
Anaplasia
Apoptosis
Atrophy
Biopsy
Loss of cellular differentiation and function; characteristic…
Programmed cell death; genetic limitation to the lifespan of…
Degeneration or wasting away of a tissue or organ; implies pr…
Removal of a tissue sample for microscopic examination to det…
Anaplasia
Loss of cellular differentiation and function; characteristic…
Apoptosis
Programmed cell death; genetic limitation to the lifespan of…
Pathophysiology
anti-seizure medication used for nerve…
Diabetes
Shingles
Chemotherapy
1.Injury, surgery, exposure to toxins... 2. Diabetes... 3. Shingles…
High blood sugar can damage nerves throughout the body, first…
Anyone who has had chickenpox is at risk for shingles, a rash…
Chemotherapy drugs can damage nerves, causing pain and numbne…
anti-seizure medication used for nerve…
1.Injury, surgery, exposure to toxins... 2. Diabetes... 3. Shingles…
Diabetes
High blood sugar can damage nerves throughout the body, first…
73 terms
Pathophysiology
when possible the information about pa…
the longest time a cold application ca…
relaxation is most effective for
if the patient is nauseated or has dif…
patient
15mn
mild to moderate pain
rectal
when possible the information about pa…
patient
the longest time a cold application ca…
15mn
Pathophysiology
1)
a.
2)
a.
What is the first circulating immunoglobulin to appear in res…
IgM
The immunoglobulin involved in the allergic response and comb…
IgE
1)
What is the first circulating immunoglobulin to appear in res…
a.
IgM
365 terms
Pathophysiology
Which of the following is considered a…
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
A 17-year-old college-bound student re…
Which term describes an abatement or d…
fever
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
primary prevention
Remission
Which of the following is considered a…
fever
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
22 terms
Pathophysiology
Disease
Syndromes
Pathogenesis
Pathophysiology
The functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or organ…
Specific condition with a recognizable, predictable pattern
The disease beginning
The study of the functional changes that occur in the body as…
Disease
The functional impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or organ…
Syndromes
Specific condition with a recognizable, predictable pattern
39 terms
Pathophysiology
General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
What are the three components of GAS?
Alarm stage (reaction)
Adaptation/ Resistance stage
The total organisms nonspecific response to stress. In other…
1. Alarm reaction 2. Stage of resistance 3. Stage of exhausti…
Is called the fight-or-flight response because it provides a…
If the alarm stage persisted, in order for the body to surviv…
General adaptation syndrome (GAS)
The total organisms nonspecific response to stress. In other…
What are the three components of GAS?
1. Alarm reaction 2. Stage of resistance 3. Stage of exhausti…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Pathophysiology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
decrease in size of cells
increase in size of cells
increase in number of cells to increase the entire tissue or…
change from one cell type to another
Atrophy
decrease in size of cells
Hypertrophy
increase in size of cells
Pathophysiology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Dysplasia
Cell shrinkage
Increase in cell size
Increase in the number of cells
Altered cell growth of different size and rates
Atrophy
Cell shrinkage
Hypertrophy
Increase in cell size
40 terms
Pathophysiology
Inflammation
Central themes of inflammation
Inflammatory Vascular Changes
Goals of Acute Inflammation
Coordinated VASCULAR and CELLULAR response of the body to cel…
1. Vascular response... 2. Humoral response... 3. Neurologic respon…
1. Vasodilation... 2. Increased Permeability ... 3. Inc. Conc. of R…
1. Replace injured tissue with healthy tissue, fibrous scar,…
Inflammation
Coordinated VASCULAR and CELLULAR response of the body to cel…
Central themes of inflammation
1. Vascular response... 2. Humoral response... 3. Neurologic respon…
Pathophysiology
What is osteoporosis
What does osteoporosis lead to
Types of Bone
Cortical
•Low bone density... •Impaired bone architecture... •Compromised bo…
•Predispose someone to increased fracture risk
Cotrical ... Trabecular
•Makes up 80% of the adult skeleton... •Compact bone... •Long bones…
What is osteoporosis
•Low bone density... •Impaired bone architecture... •Compromised bo…
What does osteoporosis lead to
•Predispose someone to increased fracture risk
Pathophysiology
Interleukin
Chemotactic
Lymphokines
Collagenase and Elastace
Hormone secreted by macrophages to induce arrival of lymphocy…
Chemical attractant for neutrophils and macrophages
Chemotaxins specifically from lymphocytes
Secreted by macrophages to facilitate movement by break down…
Interleukin
Hormone secreted by macrophages to induce arrival of lymphocy…
Chemotactic
Chemical attractant for neutrophils and macrophages
1 of 10