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Study sets matching "pathophysiology"

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Study sets matching "pathophysiology"

49 terms
Pathophysiology
-Anti-Apoptotic to RBC... - Hyperplasia…
Neonatal Giant Cell Hepatitis... "1 day…
ChorioCarcinoma... BHCG Marker
PPI given caution to patient history A…
EPO Functions
Giant Cells... Idiopathic or CMV
pale staining cytoplasm: cytotrophoblasts... multinucleate dark…
PPI metabolized dimethyl assymetric arginine... -dimethyl assym…
-Anti-Apoptotic to RBC... - Hyperplasia…
EPO Functions
Neonatal Giant Cell Hepatitis... "1 day…
Giant Cells... Idiopathic or CMV
185 terms
Pathophysiology
Differential diagnoses
pertinent positives
pertinent negatives
coronary artery disease
all of the diseases/ issues that are being considered
specific symptoms that raise suspicion for a particular disease
specific symptoms that are not present- cause physician to do…
CAD... - narrowing of coronary arteries, causes angina ... chest pa…
Differential diagnoses
all of the diseases/ issues that are being considered
pertinent positives
specific symptoms that raise suspicion for a particular disease
887 terms
Pathophysiology
lumen
tunica intima
tunica media
tunia adventitia
central, hollow core of a blood vessel
single layer of endothelial cells, basement membrane, & layer…
middle layer composed of elastic fibers & smooth muscle cells…
outer layer of the blood vessel wall made of fibrous tissue
lumen
central, hollow core of a blood vessel
tunica intima
single layer of endothelial cells, basement membrane, & layer…
365 terms
Pathophysiology
Which of the following is considered a…
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
A 17-year-old college-bound student re…
Which term describes an abatement or d…
fever
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
primary prevention
Remission
Which of the following is considered a…
fever
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
8 terms
Pathophysiology
Blood vessels
Endothelium
Vasoconstriction and diation
Liver, good protein
Although the heart is the center of the cardiovascular system…
Endothelial cells form a continuous lining for the entire vas…
Vascular smooth muscle cells, which form the predominant cell…
High-density lipoprotein is synthesized in the _________ and…
Blood vessels
Although the heart is the center of the cardiovascular system…
Endothelium
Endothelial cells form a continuous lining for the entire vas…
29 terms
Pathophysiology
Mutation hot spots
Gametes
Somatic cells
Autosomes
Cytosine next to guanine increases chance of mutations
Egg and sperm cells... Haploid (23 chromosomes)... Meiosis
All cells other than egg and sperm... Diploid (23 pairs)... Mitosis
First 22/23 pairs of chromosomes... Homologous
Mutation hot spots
Cytosine next to guanine increases chance of mutations
Gametes
Egg and sperm cells... Haploid (23 chromosomes)... Meiosis
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
161 terms
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
hyper
hypo
itis
osis
means high
means low
means inflammation
means abnormal state ( not necessarily infection)
hyper
means high
hypo
means low
90 terms
Pathophysiology
A Zygote is an example of what kind of…
3 Distinguishing features of stem cells?
What makes up the inner cell mass of t…
What does the inner mass of the blasto…
Totipotent stem cell
1. undifferentiated ... 2. Self-renewal: produce daughter cells…
Pluripotent stem cells
forms different cell types of the body, but cannot form the p…
A Zygote is an example of what kind of…
Totipotent stem cell
3 Distinguishing features of stem cells?
1. undifferentiated ... 2. Self-renewal: produce daughter cells…
21 terms
Pathophysiology
Phospholipid Bilayer
Plasma Membrane
Integral Proteins
Transmembrane Proteins
Makes up Plasma Membrane... Hydrophilic (polar) Heads(water-lovi…
Integral Proteins... Transmembrane Proteins... Lipid Bilayer
Transport across membrane
Communication/transport between intracellular/extracellular e…
Phospholipid Bilayer
Makes up Plasma Membrane... Hydrophilic (polar) Heads(water-lovi…
Plasma Membrane
Integral Proteins... Transmembrane Proteins... Lipid Bilayer
13 terms
Pathophysiology
causes of cell injury
hypoxia
atrophy
hypertrophy
chemicals, biological agents, cold, radiation, infections, tr…
deficiency of oxygen causing cell injury and cell death
decrease f cell size caused by loos of organelles and substan…
increase of cell size
causes of cell injury
chemicals, biological agents, cold, radiation, infections, tr…
hypoxia
deficiency of oxygen causing cell injury and cell death
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
123 terms
Pathophysiology
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Why can leukopenia be dangerous?
Hematologic Neoplasia
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
There is an increased risk for life threatening infections
Qualitative disorders of white blood cells. ... Phagocytic cells…
Leukocytosis
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Leukopenia
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
123 terms
Pathophysiology
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Why can leukopenia be dangerous?
Hematologic Neoplasia
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
There is an increased risk for life threatening infections
Qualitative disorders of white blood cells. ... Phagocytic cells…
Leukocytosis
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Leukopenia
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
65 terms
Pathophysiology
health
Disease
health indicators
Adjustments for health indicators woul…
physical, mental, and social well being
deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
represent the values expected in a typical individual but are…
age, gender, genetics, environment, and activity level.
health
physical, mental, and social well being
Disease
deviation from the normal state of homeostasis
122 terms
Pathophysiology
During SEPTIC SHOCK *vasoactive mediat…
Septic Shock what cause vasodilation +…
Complement System for Septic Shock
left atrial pressure FOR risk of incre…
INCREASE Vascular permeability -> Systemic vascular resistanc…
Kinn system ... bradykinin ... Histamine -> edema formation
1. Release of C5a and C3a -> microemboli and endothelial cell…
> 25 mm Hg... # normal left atrial pressure is 4 to 12 mm Hg.
During SEPTIC SHOCK *vasoactive mediat…
INCREASE Vascular permeability -> Systemic vascular resistanc…
Septic Shock what cause vasodilation +…
Kinn system ... bradykinin ... Histamine -> edema formation
50 terms
Pathophysiology
Physiology
Pathophysiology
Parvo
Hostile external environment
-Science of the function of living organism and its parts... -Ph…
-Physiology of disordered function... -study of impact of diseas…
Kills villi in intestine
-hot/cold weather... -housing/hygiene... -external parasites... -preda…
Physiology
-Science of the function of living organism and its parts... -Ph…
Pathophysiology
-Physiology of disordered function... -study of impact of diseas…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
169 terms
Pathophysiology
etiology
epidemiology
Labile Cells def and Ex
Stable cells def and Ex
cause
the study of disease in populations
cells with short half-life, abundant stem cells; most repair…
cells with long life, abundant stem cells (high regen activit…
etiology
cause
epidemiology
the study of disease in populations
34 terms
Pathophysiology
Osmolality
Osmotic pressure
Hypertonic solution
Hypotonic solution
Measure of solutes in plasma: determined by sodium and its co…
the "force" with which water is pulled through a semipermeabl…
higher osmotic pressure
lower osmotic pressure
Osmolality
Measure of solutes in plasma: determined by sodium and its co…
Osmotic pressure
the "force" with which water is pulled through a semipermeabl…
108 terms
Pathophysiology
#5 Fluid & Electrolyte Imbalances Le…
Function of ADH
Why is Sodium balance important? (3)
Function of Aldosterone
...
Regulates water balance
1. Accounts for 90% of ECF cations ... 2. Maintains extracellula…
Increases Na+ reabsorption which indirectly increases water r…
#5 Fluid & Electrolyte Imbalances Le…
...
Function of ADH
Regulates water balance
132 terms
Pathophysiology
metaplasia
dysplasia
oxidative injury
intracellular calcium
A reversible change that replaces 1 adult cell type with anot…
Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
occurs when free radicals, which are not neutralized by antio…
Allows for muscle contraction, nerve impulses, secretion of h…
metaplasia
A reversible change that replaces 1 adult cell type with anot…
dysplasia
Abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
108 terms
Pathophysiology
children with moderately short stature…
abnormally high growth rate as a child…
normal GH levels but have a genetic de…
lack of all pituitary hormones, lack o…
Constitutional Short Stature
catch-up growth
Laron-type dwarfism
panhypopituitarism
children with moderately short stature…
Constitutional Short Stature
abnormally high growth rate as a child…
catch-up growth
76 terms
Pathophysiology
Definition of Hypertension
Classification of Hypertension: Normal
Classification of Hypertension: Pre Hy…
Classification of Hypertension: Stage…
High arterial blood pressure at rest... - For study on prevale…
SAP - 90-119... DAP - 60-79
SAP - 120-139... DAP - 80-89
SAP - 140-159... DAP - 90-99
Definition of Hypertension
High arterial blood pressure at rest... - For study on prevale…
Classification of Hypertension: Normal
SAP - 90-119... DAP - 60-79
87 terms
Pathophysiology
Atherosclerosis
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS)
Angina Pectoris
Pulmonary Edema
Characterized by patches of lipid-based plaques encroaching o…
Acute obstruction of a coronary artery leading to chest disco…
When exertion or cardiac workload and the resultant O2 demand…
Acute, severe left ventricular failure with pulmonary venous…
Atherosclerosis
Characterized by patches of lipid-based plaques encroaching o…
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS)
Acute obstruction of a coronary artery leading to chest disco…
28 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathogenesis
What does adaptation depend on?
The study of people who are suffering. Pathos = suffering.
The study of suffering (pathos or pathetic)
Mechanisms or origin (genesis) of suffering
Blood supply and nutrition (ATP); Type, dose, and duration (s…
Pathophysiology
The study of people who are suffering. Pathos = suffering.
Pathology
The study of suffering (pathos or pathetic)
Pathophysiology
Lead Orientation-Lisa
Lateral
Inferior wall
Septal
Can see which artery is involved depending on portion that is…
I, aVL, V5, V6
II, III, aVF
V1, V2
Lead Orientation-Lisa
Can see which artery is involved depending on portion that is…
Lateral
I, aVL, V5, V6
72 terms
Pathophysiology
Homeostasis:
Homeostasis:
Homeostasis:
Homeostasis:
derived from the Greek, 'homeo' or same, and 'stasis' or stab…
describes a tendency to stabilize an organism's functional sy…
state of being in which all systems for life are balanced at…
A dynamic steady state, represeneting the net effect of all t…
Homeostasis:
derived from the Greek, 'homeo' or same, and 'stasis' or stab…
Homeostasis:
describes a tendency to stabilize an organism's functional sy…
Pathophysiology
When testing subjects, what must you c…
What standard conditions must you cons…
What is familiarization in terms of st…
What should you avoid in muscle streng…
Training specificity. The way you test the subject will influ…
Making sure the subject knows how to do the exercise
Ballistic movement unless power is being tested
When testing subjects, what must you c…
Training specificity. The way you test the subject will influ…
What standard conditions must you cons…
141 terms
Pathophysiology
Amino acids
Nucleotides
Cell membrane
Rough ER
break down into urea and ammonia
break down into ribose and uric acid (which is elevated in pe…
made up of hydrophobic heads/hydrophilic tails (like an oreo)
makes proteins (enzymes=cellular processes, antibodies= bind…
Amino acids
break down into urea and ammonia
Nucleotides
break down into ribose and uric acid (which is elevated in pe…
74 terms
pathophysiology
1 in 800 chance of being born with a c…
Checkup or physical examination
At your health screening, you describe…
The study of functional alterations in…
Incidence
secondary prevention
Symptoms
Pathophysiology
1 in 800 chance of being born with a c…
Incidence
Checkup or physical examination
secondary prevention
73 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Health
Disease
The study of changes in cell/tissue structure related to deat…
Study of how disease affects body functions
Having the ability to maintain homeostasis when exposed to no…
Being unable to maintain homeostasis when exposed to normal c…
Pathology
The study of changes in cell/tissue structure related to deat…
Pathophysiology
Study of how disease affects body functions
83 terms
Pathophysiology
Hyperplasia
Causes of hyperplasia
Hypertrophy
Causes of Hypertrophy
Increase in cell number. Cells retain normal structure.
- hormone signaling (uterine lining)... - increased functional w…
Increase in cell size. Cells retain normal structure.
- hormonal signaling (breast cells for lactation)... - increased…
Hyperplasia
Increase in cell number. Cells retain normal structure.
Causes of hyperplasia
- hormone signaling (uterine lining)... - increased functional w…
100 terms
Pathophysiology
A 50-year-old chronic alcoholic presen…
A CT scan of a 43-year-old woman with…
A 75-year-old woman with Alzheimer dis…
A 64-year-old man with long-standing a…
Fat necrosis
Metastatic calcification
Atrophy
mRNA
A 50-year-old chronic alcoholic presen…
Fat necrosis
A CT scan of a 43-year-old woman with…
Metastatic calcification
73 terms
Pathophysiology
Identiy the 3 major parts of a cell
what is the function of the plasma mem…
what is the function of the cytoplasm?
what is the function of the nucleus?
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
major structural feture is the phospholipid bilayer, also con…
jelly-like substance which differs from cell type . Cellular…
absolutely necessary for the survival of the cell , also cont…
Identiy the 3 major parts of a cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
what is the function of the plasma mem…
major structural feture is the phospholipid bilayer, also con…
13 terms
Pathophysiology
PCOS
Hereditary spherocytosis
Zenker (pharyngoesophageal) diverticulum
Polycythemia Vera
Increased testosterone, increased estrogen, LH/FSH imbalance
blhainhrited deficiency of ankyrin and spectrin, proteins tha…
Develops right above upper esophageal sphincter... Posterior her…
JAK2 mutation positive... Malignant clonal proliferation of hema…
PCOS
Increased testosterone, increased estrogen, LH/FSH imbalance
Hereditary spherocytosis
blhainhrited deficiency of ankyrin and spectrin, proteins tha…
887 terms
Pathophysiology
lumen
tunica intima
tunica media
tunia adventitia
central, hollow core of a blood vessel
single layer of endothelial cells, basement membrane, & layer…
middle layer composed of elastic fibers & smooth muscle cells…
outer layer of the blood vessel wall made of fibrous tissue
lumen
central, hollow core of a blood vessel
tunica intima
single layer of endothelial cells, basement membrane, & layer…
50 terms
Pathophysiology
Superior vena cava
Arota
Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonary vein
...
...
...
...
Superior vena cava
...
Arota
...
70 terms
Pathophysiology
Specificity Pain Theory
Gate-Control Pain Theory
Neuromatrix Pain Theory
Types of Pain
Amount of pain is related to the amount of tissue injury
Pain is modulated by impulses conducted to the spinal cord an…
Represents the plasticity of brain... Provides a holistic, integ…
Acute... Chronic... Referred... Neuropathic
Specificity Pain Theory
Amount of pain is related to the amount of tissue injury
Gate-Control Pain Theory
Pain is modulated by impulses conducted to the spinal cord an…
123 terms
Pathophysiology
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Why can leukopenia be dangerous?
Hematologic Neoplasia
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
There is an increased risk for life threatening infections
Qualitative disorders of white blood cells. ... Phagocytic cells…
Leukocytosis
Increased white blood cell count. Can occur as a protective m…
Leukopenia
Decreased white blood cell count. Never normal! May be caused…
29 terms
Pathophysiology
Primary hypothyroidism
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotoxicosis)
Thyroid Storm
MC- Hashimotos... Surgical ... Ablative (1-131, XRT)... Infiltrative…
Autoimmune -Anti-thyroid Ab (both Tg and TPO)... MC cause of Hy…
High iodine uptake, ... -any process that works through the TSH…
Complication of untreated/diagnosed Hyperthyroidism (Thyrotox…
Primary hypothyroidism
MC- Hashimotos... Surgical ... Ablative (1-131, XRT)... Infiltrative…
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Autoimmune -Anti-thyroid Ab (both Tg and TPO)... MC cause of Hy…
9 terms
Pathophysiology
Blood
Lymph
Pathophysiology... Blood
Hematology
• Includes red blood cells, white blood... cells, platelets, and…
• Primary function is protection... • Carries the components of…
• Blood can become diseased from any of... several sources, incl…
The general field of... medicine focusing on blood-related... disease
Blood
• Includes red blood cells, white blood... cells, platelets, and…
Lymph
• Primary function is protection... • Carries the components of…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
47 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology
Etiology
Diagnosis
Idiopathic
Changes at the organ or system level or at the cellular level
Cause of disease or diagnosis
identification of a specific disease by evaluating the signs,…
unknown cause of disease
Pathophysiology
Changes at the organ or system level or at the cellular level
Etiology
Cause of disease or diagnosis
34 terms
Pathophysiology
Active Immunity
Passive immunity
Specificity
Diversity
The type of immunity when an individual makes his or her own…
transfer of immunity from one source to another. example of t…
Each T and B lymphocyte is designed to recognize a specific a…
body contains millions of different lymphocytes, programing o…
Active Immunity
The type of immunity when an individual makes his or her own…
Passive immunity
transfer of immunity from one source to another. example of t…
73 terms
Pathophysiology
Physiology
pathology
pathophysiology
homeostatis
the study of how a living organism works
the study of structural and functional changes caused by dise…
the study of the breakdown of the body's normal function (the…
maintaining a stable internal environment in spite of a chang…
Physiology
the study of how a living organism works
pathology
the study of structural and functional changes caused by dise…
191 terms
Pathophysiology
dura mater
dural sinuses
mediastinum (what is it)
pericardial sac
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
Area of thoracic cavity between lungs. Location of trachea, e…
Fibrous sac, holds heart, double-walled, anchors heart to dia…
dura mater
Outer layer of meninges, tough, fibrous, double layered.
dural sinuses
Formed by spits in dura mater. Collect venous blood and CSF f…
76 terms
Pathophysiology
Hyperpituitarism
Hypopituitarism
Dwarfism
Diabetes Insipidus
Excessive hormone secretion by the pituitary gland
pituitary gland does not produce normal amounts of some or al…
A disease caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during ch…
Condition caused by deficiency in the secretion of antidiuret…
Hyperpituitarism
Excessive hormone secretion by the pituitary gland
Hypopituitarism
pituitary gland does not produce normal amounts of some or al…
185 terms
Pathophysiology
Differential diagnoses
pertinent positives
pertinent negatives
coronary artery disease
all of the diseases/ issues that are being considered
specific symptoms that raise suspicion for a particular disease
specific symptoms that are not present- cause physician to do…
CAD... - narrowing of coronary arteries, causes angina ... chest pa…
Differential diagnoses
all of the diseases/ issues that are being considered
pertinent positives
specific symptoms that raise suspicion for a particular disease
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