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Study sets matching "pathophysiology"

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Study sets matching "pathophysiology"

40 terms
pathophysiology
brain stem
abnormal increases
brain clinical manifestations
cerebral edema
controls cranial pressure elevation of the mean cerebrospinal…
Common pathophysiologic complications... 1. altered production,…
1. decreased LOC - most sensitive. Decreased O2 supply to bra…
increase in fluid content as result of plasma SNS in adults f…
brain stem
controls cranial pressure elevation of the mean cerebrospinal…
abnormal increases
Common pathophysiologic complications... 1. altered production,…
36 terms
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Aerobic metabolism
afterload
airway resistance
alveolar ventilation
The breakdown of molecules such as glucose through a series o…
The resistance in the aorta that must be overcome by contract…
the restriction of airflow that is related to the diameter of…
The amount of air moved in and out of the alveoli in one minu…
Aerobic metabolism
The breakdown of molecules such as glucose through a series o…
afterload
The resistance in the aorta that must be overcome by contract…
32 terms
Pathophysiology
Critical Care Dx
Core Measure
Major DDx for CP
Major DDx for SOB
Cardiovascular: MI, CHF... Pulmonary: PE, PTX... Neuro: Ischemic CV…
Cardiovascular: MI... Pulmonary: PE, PNA... Neuro: Ischemic CVA, Sy…
Cardiovascular: CAD, MI... Pulmonary: PE, PNA... Circulatory: Aorti…
Cardiovascular: CHF... Pulmonary: PE, PNA
Critical Care Dx
Cardiovascular: MI, CHF... Pulmonary: PE, PTX... Neuro: Ischemic CV…
Core Measure
Cardiovascular: MI... Pulmonary: PE, PNA... Neuro: Ischemic CVA, Sy…
14 terms
Pathophysiology
CAD
MI
CHF
PE
Chest pain with physical exertion... Meds: ASA and NTG... Diagnos…
Chest pain, diaphoresis, n/v, SOB... Meds: ASA, NTG, beta-block…
SOB, orthopnea, dyspnea on exertion... Diagnosed by: chest x ra…
Pleuritic chest pain, tachycardia, hypoxia... Diagnosed by: CTA…
CAD
Chest pain with physical exertion... Meds: ASA and NTG... Diagnos…
MI
Chest pain, diaphoresis, n/v, SOB... Meds: ASA, NTG, beta-block…
193 terms
Pathophysiology
The study of the physiology (functiona…
The maintaining of a relatively stable…
The number of new cases of a disease i…
The potential unwanted, usually damagi…
Pathophysiology
Homeostasis
Incidence
Sequelae
The study of the physiology (functiona…
Pathophysiology
The maintaining of a relatively stable…
Homeostasis
66 terms
pathophysiology
Failure to compensate to changes resul…
Define Pathophysiology?
Define homeostasis?
Define Physiology?
disease, death
study of the structural and function changes in cells, tissue…
external change in environment results in a internal change b…
study of homeostatic compensation
Failure to compensate to changes resul…
disease, death
Define Pathophysiology?
study of the structural and function changes in cells, tissue…
93 terms
Pathophysiology
What physiological response causes red…
What physiological process causes swel…
What two physiological processes cause…
Mast cells release which of the follow…
Vasodilation
Increased Capillary Permeability
Prostaglandin release, Bradykinin release from the kinin system
- Histamine
What physiological response causes red…
Vasodilation
What physiological process causes swel…
Increased Capillary Permeability
136 terms
Pathophysiology
males
False
False
penetrance
Klinefelter syndrome only happens to...
True or false: Base-pair deletions in DNA are often less seri…
True or False: The X and Y chromosomes tend to have the same…
50% of people with the ABC syndrome actually display the phen…
males
Klinefelter syndrome only happens to...
False
True or false: Base-pair deletions in DNA are often less seri…
15 terms
Pathophysiology
DNA
How is a Double helix model made?
DNA is made up of what 3 components?
What are the 4 types of nitrogenous ba…
is a double helix model
DNA appears like a twisted ladder with chemical bonds as its…
1. the five-carbon monosaccharide dexyribose.... 2. A phosphate…
1. cytosine... 2. thymine... 3. adenine... 4.guanine
DNA
is a double helix model
How is a Double helix model made?
DNA appears like a twisted ladder with chemical bonds as its…
234 terms
Pathophysiology
What is pathophysiology
What is physiology
Skeletal muscle
Cardiac muscle
the study of the functioning of an organism in the presence o…
the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
(striated voluntary): Most of the muscles used voluntarily in…
(striated involuntary): The heart consists of cardiac muscle…
What is pathophysiology
the study of the functioning of an organism in the presence o…
What is physiology
the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of…
207 terms
Pathophysiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Movement
Conductivity
A single cell organism that lacks a distinct nucleus... ex. Bact…
Contains double-lipid bilayer, organelles, and a distinct nuc…
Produces motion... ex. Muscle cell
Ability to react to a stimulus ... ex. Cardiac cells & rhythm
Prokaryotes
A single cell organism that lacks a distinct nucleus... ex. Bact…
Eukaryotes
Contains double-lipid bilayer, organelles, and a distinct nuc…
82 terms
pathophysiology
what is the study of the changes that…
pathophysiology is also called the:
response of cells to environmental cha…
reversible, mild, temporary response t…
pathophysiology
branch of medicine dealing with abnormal function
adaptation
injury
what is the study of the changes that…
pathophysiology
pathophysiology is also called the:
branch of medicine dealing with abnormal function
145 terms
Pathophysiology
pharmacology
drug
chemical name
nonproprietary name/generic
The study of drugs and their effects
any chemical agent that affects chemical processes; used to p…
defines the chemical structure of a drug
common name given to a drug by the United States Adopted Name…
pharmacology
The study of drugs and their effects
drug
any chemical agent that affects chemical processes; used to p…
44 terms
Pathophysiology
A 77-year-old woman with a history of…
A 26-year-old woman from East Africa p…
A 66-year-old woman develops sudden su…
The classical and alternative compleme…
Thrombosis
Lymphatic obstruction
atherosclerosis
C5
A 77-year-old woman with a history of…
Thrombosis
A 26-year-old woman from East Africa p…
Lymphatic obstruction
18 terms
Pathophysiology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
Shrinkage or become less active in respond to decrease activity
grow or become more active in respond to increased demand
increased number of cells with no change in number of cell di…
replacement of cell types no change in cell division
Atrophy
Shrinkage or become less active in respond to decrease activity
Hypertrophy
grow or become more active in respond to increased demand
153 terms
pathophysiology
mutations in BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 are ass…
HPV and Hepatitis B causes which cance…
growth of blood vessels around tissue…
how can meningiomas be harmful?
breast and ovarian
cervical cancer and liver cancer
angiogenesis
pressure atrophy in the brain
mutations in BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 are ass…
breast and ovarian
HPV and Hepatitis B causes which cance…
cervical cancer and liver cancer
33 terms
Pathophysiology
patho
logos
physio
pathophysiology
derived from the word "pathos" suffering
means discourse or, more simply, system of formal study
refers to functions of an organism
is the study of the underlying changes in body physiology (mo…
patho
derived from the word "pathos" suffering
logos
means discourse or, more simply, system of formal study
121 terms
Pathophysiology
What are adaptive responses cells have…
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
1) Alternative Metabolism ... 2) Altered size. Either hypertroph…
Cell number remains the same, however, their size decreases
Cell number remains the same however, their size increases
Cell size remains the same however, the number of cells incre…
What are adaptive responses cells have…
1) Alternative Metabolism ... 2) Altered size. Either hypertroph…
Atrophy
Cell number remains the same, however, their size decreases
136 terms
Pathophysiology
1. Which of the following is the best…
2. Which of the following best describ…
3. Which of the following is a type of…
4. A patient has had hypertension for…
c
a
b
c
1. Which of the following is the best…
c
2. Which of the following best describ…
a
80 terms
Pathophysiology
Primary adrenal insufficiency where ad…
The persistence or accumulation of all…
Secreted from the zona fasciculata, it…
A negative stressful event experienced…
Addison's disease
allostatic load
cortisol
distressor
Primary adrenal insufficiency where ad…
Addison's disease
The persistence or accumulation of all…
allostatic load
25 terms
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
why is excessive bleeding a common occ…
which of the following can result from…
what is the cause of sickle cell anemia?
capillary walls consist of -
decreased platelets
pernicious anemia
a defective gene
a single endothelial layer
why is excessive bleeding a common occ…
decreased platelets
which of the following can result from…
pernicious anemia
26 terms
Pathophysiology
The products (choose all that apply) f…
What is the lining of the Upper Respir…
A cellular adaptation observed in the…
What is the most probably cause of cel…
A.)CO2... B.)H2O... C.)ATP
Simple columnar, ciliated
Dysplasia
Na/K pump failing to remove intracellular Na.
The products (choose all that apply) f…
A.)CO2... B.)H2O... C.)ATP
What is the lining of the Upper Respir…
Simple columnar, ciliated
116 terms
Pathophysiology
What is the difference between autocri…
What are the two different categories…
What hormones are secreted from the an…
What hormones are secreted from the po…
Autocrine: cell secretes hormone or signal that activates sam…
Hormones that interact with cell surface receptors and hormon…
ACTH, GH, TSH, FSH, LH, Prolactin
ADH, oxytocin
What is the difference between autocri…
Autocrine: cell secretes hormone or signal that activates sam…
What are the two different categories…
Hormones that interact with cell surface receptors and hormon…
103 terms
pathophysiology
Patient has appendicitis, what would b…
When a person has a knife wound inflic…
The mast cell is the major activator f…
What is the greatest risk for opportun…
inflammation helps your body produce the right antibodies to…
innate immunity
degranulation
Immunocrompromised
Patient has appendicitis, what would b…
inflammation helps your body produce the right antibodies to…
When a person has a knife wound inflic…
innate immunity
96 terms
Pathophysiology
What is Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Pu…
What happens in ITP
What does ITP cause
What will happen if blood from a perso…
"unknown platelet lack of purple"
A protein on platelets is interpreted as an antigen-antibody…
Person will bleed from capillaries under the skin (this is ca…
They would get ITP because antibodies go with blood.
What is Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia Pu…
"unknown platelet lack of purple"
What happens in ITP
A protein on platelets is interpreted as an antigen-antibody…
63 terms
Pathophysiology
What structure conducts electrical imp…
Most immunological diseases that exhib…
Acid-base balance normally remains in…
Opsoninisation is a process in which:
axon
involve an overactive immune system
7.35-7.45
an antibody covers an antigen to facilitate its recognition b…
What structure conducts electrical imp…
axon
Most immunological diseases that exhib…
involve an overactive immune system
138 terms
Pathophysiology
Which of the following relate to a cha…
An echocardiogram reveals Charles, an…
A friend comes to you concerned, as he…
Cell injury occurs when cells are expo…
C and E
C. Physiological hypertrophy
B. Dysplasia indicates a change in the cellular appearance
C. Cellular swelling, D. Defects in protein synthesis, & E. D…
Which of the following relate to a cha…
C and E
An echocardiogram reveals Charles, an…
C. Physiological hypertrophy
61 terms
Pathophysiology
What is a multi unit muscle fiber?
What is a unitary muscle fiber?
What are the 2 major types of smooth m…
How is Ca removed in skeletal muscle?
Individual discrete fibers, independently controlled.
A syncytium of interconnected fibers.
Multi and Unitary.
Calsequestrin enzyme
What is a multi unit muscle fiber?
Individual discrete fibers, independently controlled.
What is a unitary muscle fiber?
A syncytium of interconnected fibers.
9 terms
Pathophysiology
Which of the following describes the n…
Which of the following increases glome…
Which of the following applies to beni…
Which of the following refers to fibro…
a) collecting duct to the renal pelvis to the ureter to the b…
C) Increased hydrostatic pressure in the glomerular capillaries
C) Manifestations include hesitancy, dribbling, and frequency
A) Progressive development of fluid-filled cysts and fibrous…
Which of the following describes the n…
a) collecting duct to the renal pelvis to the ureter to the b…
Which of the following increases glome…
C) Increased hydrostatic pressure in the glomerular capillaries
174 terms
Pathophysiology
You have just purchased a new bike hel…
You have influenza. Identify a systemi…
You received a paper cut while turning…
Your father is on a rehabilitation uni…
Primary
Fever
Pain
Tertiary
You have just purchased a new bike hel…
Primary
You have influenza. Identify a systemi…
Fever
43 terms
Pathophysiology
Define Cellular Adaptation.
Define Atrophy.
What is the best example of atrophy?
Define Hypertrophy.
Prolonged exposure of cells to adverse or exaggerated normal…
Decrease in the size of a tissue, organ or the entire body.
Alzheimer Dementia
An increase in the size of tissues or organs due to enlargeme…
Define Cellular Adaptation.
Prolonged exposure of cells to adverse or exaggerated normal…
Define Atrophy.
Decrease in the size of a tissue, organ or the entire body.
44 terms
Pathophysiology
What gland secretes glucagon?
What is the effect of glucagon?
What gland secretes insulin?
What is the effect of insulin?
Pancreas
Inc. blood glucose via glycogenolysis
Pancreas
Dec. Blood glucose... Inc. utilization of carbohydrates
What gland secretes glucagon?
Pancreas
What is the effect of glucagon?
Inc. blood glucose via glycogenolysis
5 terms
Pathophysiology
oligodendrocytes
astrocytes
ependymal cells
choroid plexus
- predominant in white matter... - restricted to the CNS... - myeli…
- Branched cells found in both white and grey matter.... - highw…
- convert blood -> CSF... - Lining ventricles (space in brain wh…
- area where CSF made... - Specialized ependymal cells, secretin…
oligodendrocytes
- predominant in white matter... - restricted to the CNS... - myeli…
astrocytes
- Branched cells found in both white and grey matter.... - highw…
13 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology
Benign
Malignant
Prognosis
Study of how the disease occurs
Not cancerous/harmful
Cancerous
Guess of outcome
Pathophysiology
Study of how the disease occurs
Benign
Not cancerous/harmful
44 terms
Pathophysiology
Pathology
Pathophysiology
Pathogenesis
Necrosis
Study of the structural & functional changes leading to disea…
Study of abnormal function of organs or systems due to disease
The mechanism by which a certain etiological factor causes di…
Tissue death
Pathology
Study of the structural & functional changes leading to disea…
Pathophysiology
Study of abnormal function of organs or systems due to disease
14 terms
Pathophysiology
hypovolemic hyponatremia
hypovolemic hypernatremia
hypokalemia
hyperkalemia
低容量性低钠血症
低容量性高钠血症
低钾血症
高钾血症
hypovolemic hyponatremia
低容量性低钠血症
hypovolemic hypernatremia
低容量性高钠血症
171 terms
pathophysiology
cholera
chorea
typhoid
phagocytosis
An acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contamin…
Sudden, jerky, purposeless movements. Characteristic of basal…
rose spots on the abdomen
A type of endocytosis in which a cell engulfs large particles…
cholera
An acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contamin…
chorea
Sudden, jerky, purposeless movements. Characteristic of basal…
22 terms
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
2 most common ways to classify neoplasms
invasion
metastasis
connective tissue
1) the appearance and growth pattern... 2) tissue of origin or t…
spreading of neoplasms into local or surrounding tissue. occu…
spread of neoplasms to distant sites. commonly known as cance…
bone, muscle or fat
2 most common ways to classify neoplasms
1) the appearance and growth pattern... 2) tissue of origin or t…
invasion
spreading of neoplasms into local or surrounding tissue. occu…
68 terms
Pathophysiology
Cardiac tamponade
2 layers of the heart
Adhesion
Pericardial effusion
Rapid accumulation of exudate compresses the heart
Visceral and parital
Two layers stick together
Serous exudate fills the pericardial cavity
Cardiac tamponade
Rapid accumulation of exudate compresses the heart
2 layers of the heart
Visceral and parital
9 terms
Pathophysiology
Hypothalamus Hormones
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Thyroid
ADH, GnRH, GHRH, Oxytocin, PRH, PIH
ACTH, FSH, GH, LH, Prolactin, TSH
ADH, Oxytocin
T4(thyroxine), T3
Hypothalamus Hormones
ADH, GnRH, GHRH, Oxytocin, PRH, PIH
Anterior Pituitary
ACTH, FSH, GH, LH, Prolactin, TSH
74 terms
Pathophysiology
Screening
Screening is based on
Consultation
The consulting PT applies what ?
Determining the need for further examination or consultation…
Problem focused, systematic collection, analysis of data
The rendering of professional or expert opinion or advice by…
highly specialized knowledge and skills to identify problems,…
Screening
Determining the need for further examination or consultation…
Screening is based on
Problem focused, systematic collection, analysis of data
97 terms
Pathophysiology
Adrenal Glands
Stress Hormones
External Stimuli
Insulin tolerance test
Retroperitoneal Glands:... Capsule... Adrenal Cortex... --> Zona Glome…
Glucocorticoid = cortisol... Mineralcorticoid = aldosterone... Cate…
External demands that trigger emotional, behavioural, and phy…
gold standard for assessing the HPA axis. A hypoglycemic stre…
Adrenal Glands
Retroperitoneal Glands:... Capsule... Adrenal Cortex... --> Zona Glome…
Stress Hormones
Glucocorticoid = cortisol... Mineralcorticoid = aldosterone... Cate…
19 terms
pathophysiology
edma
oligura
proteinira
azotemia
abnormal fluid. accumilation in body tissue
decrease urine out put below normal
presence of protiens in urine. kidney disease
increase of blood urea. nitrogen
edma
abnormal fluid. accumilation in body tissue
oligura
decrease urine out put below normal
61 terms
Pathophysiology
pathophysiology
Categories of etiology
Genetic
aquired
The study of the body's response to dysfunction or disease
genetic... acquired... multifactorial (Complex) ... Idiopathic
genes are responsible for some structural or functional defec…
genes and development are normal, but environment factors cau…
pathophysiology
The study of the body's response to dysfunction or disease
Categories of etiology
genetic... acquired... multifactorial (Complex) ... Idiopathic
10 terms
Pathophysiology
Acid
Acidosis
Acquired Immunity
Activation
Any Molecule that can give up a hydrogen ion (H+)
A blood pH less than 7.35
The immunity that occurs when the body is exposed to a foreig…
Mediators of inflammation trigger the appearance of the molec…
Acid
Any Molecule that can give up a hydrogen ion (H+)
Acidosis
A blood pH less than 7.35
11 terms
Pathophysiology
Syndrome
Pathogenesis
Acidosis
Alkalosis
A defined collection of signs and symptoms that characterizes…
Development of disease occurs is stages as described as patho…
Excessive acidity
Excessive alkalinity
Syndrome
A defined collection of signs and symptoms that characterizes…
Pathogenesis
Development of disease occurs is stages as described as patho…
21 terms
Pathophysiology
Blood Pressure
Diastolic
Systolic
Stroke Volume
Systolic/Diastolic
Atrium sends blood to ventricles ... i. AV valves open, semiluna…
Ventricles contract, blood pushes against AV valves... i. AV val…
Blood pushed out the left ventricle in one contraction
Blood Pressure
Systolic/Diastolic
Diastolic
Atrium sends blood to ventricles ... i. AV valves open, semiluna…
365 terms
Pathophysiology
Which of the following is considered a…
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
A 17-year-old college-bound student re…
Which term describes an abatement or d…
fever
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
primary prevention
Remission
Which of the following is considered a…
fever
Pathophysiology involves the study of:
functional or structural changes resulting from disease proce…
20 terms
Pathophysiology
Remission
Exacerbation
Course
Sequelae
Absence of disease activity within patient
Increase in severity of disease or its signs or symptoms
Series of events of disease in a patient
Morbid condition following another event
Remission
Absence of disease activity within patient
Exacerbation
Increase in severity of disease or its signs or symptoms
33 terms
Pathophysiology
Adenoid/o
Alveol/o
Bronch/o bronchi/o
Bronchiol/o
Adenoids
Alveolus, air sac
Bronchial tube, bronchus
Bronchioles/ small bronchus
Adenoid/o
Adenoids
Alveol/o
Alveolus, air sac
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