Study sets matching "pcat"

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Study sets matching "pcat"

PCAT
supersaturated solution
DeBroglie equation
NaCl pH
law of multiple proportions
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
7 neutral salt
same 2 elements but different ratios
supersaturated solution
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
DeBroglie equation
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
14 terms
pcat
intracellular circulation
Brownian movement
cyclosis or streaming
endoplasmic reticulum
movement of materials within a cell
(intracellular circulation)... kinetic energy spreads small susp…
the circular motion of cytoplasm around the cell transport mo…
the ER forms a network of channels throughout the cytoplasm a…
intracellular circulation
movement of materials within a cell
Brownian movement
(intracellular circulation)... kinetic energy spreads small susp…
39 terms
Pcat
mnemonic ... moving decimals
directly proportional graph
exponential relationship graph
Inversely proportional relationship gr…
L.A.R.S... Left Add, Right Subtract
y=nx... Dividing one by the other gives a CONSTANT value
y=x^n... as the values on the x-axis increase, the y-axis values…
y=1/x^n... A relationship in which 2 quantities have a constant…
mnemonic ... moving decimals
L.A.R.S... Left Add, Right Subtract
directly proportional graph
y=nx... Dividing one by the other gives a CONSTANT value
398 terms
PCAT
supersaturated solution
DeBroglie equation
NaCl pH
law of multiple proportions
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
7 neutral salt
same 2 elements but different ratios
supersaturated solution
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
DeBroglie equation
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
398 terms
PCAT
supersaturated solution
DeBroglie equation
NaCl pH
law of multiple proportions
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
7 neutral salt
same 2 elements but different ratios
supersaturated solution
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
DeBroglie equation
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
398 terms
PCAT
supersaturated solution
DeBroglie equation
NaCl pH
law of multiple proportions
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
7 neutral salt
same 2 elements but different ratios
supersaturated solution
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
DeBroglie equation
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
398 terms
PCAT
supersaturated solution
DeBroglie equation
NaCl pH
law of multiple proportions
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
7 neutral salt
same 2 elements but different ratios
supersaturated solution
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
DeBroglie equation
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
398 terms
PCAT
supersaturated solution
DeBroglie equation
NaCl pH
law of multiple proportions
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
7 neutral salt
same 2 elements but different ratios
supersaturated solution
the addition of a small crystal initiates crystallization
DeBroglie equation
that all matter has both wave and particle characteristics
36 terms
PCAT
Integumentary system
Citric acid cycle
Chelate
Blood type genes
-Provides Vitamin D Synthesis... -The integumentary system consi…
1. Citrate Synthetase... 2. Aconitase... 3. Isocitrate Dehydrogenas…
A chelate is a chemical compound composed of a metal ion and…
In the case of the ABO gene, A and B are dominant over O. Not…
Integumentary system
-Provides Vitamin D Synthesis... -The integumentary system consi…
Citric acid cycle
1. Citrate Synthetase... 2. Aconitase... 3. Isocitrate Dehydrogenas…
188 terms
PCAT: Chemistry
Atomic number (z)
mass number (a)
number of neutrons
for a neutral atom
number of protons in the nucleus
number of protons plus the number of neutrons
mass number minus the atomic number
mass number equals number of protons equals number of electrons
Atomic number (z)
number of protons in the nucleus
mass number (a)
number of protons plus the number of neutrons
33 terms
PCAT CHEMISTRY
law of mass action
an equilibrium mixture of reactants an…
an equilibrium mixture of reactants an…
an equilibrium mixture of products and…
if Keq >> 1,
if Keq << 1
if Keq is close to 1
law of mass action
an equilibrium mixture of reactants an…
if Keq >> 1,
PCAT Biology
What is cell theory?
List the organelles of the cell
List the six kingdoms of living things
What are the differences between eukar…
-All Living things are composed of cells... - Cell is the basic…
nucleus, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, vesicles, vacuoles, lyso…
Bacteria, Archaea, Protists, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Prokaryotic cells lack membrane bound nuclei, while eukaryote…
What is cell theory?
-All Living things are composed of cells... - Cell is the basic…
List the organelles of the cell
nucleus, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, vesicles, vacuoles, lyso…
59 terms
PCAT: Genetics
Gene
Chromosomes
Alleles
Genotype
The basic unit of heredity; composed of DNA
The location of genes
Alternative forms of genes
The genetic makeup of an individual
Gene
The basic unit of heredity; composed of DNA
Chromosomes
The location of genes
28 terms
PCAT: Kingdoms
Protista
Animal
Fungi
Plantae
Eukaryote, uni/multicellular
Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophic, no cell wall
Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophic (absorb nutrients fro…
Eukaryote, multicellular, photosynthetic autotrophs, cell wal…
Protista
Eukaryote, uni/multicellular
Animal
Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophic, no cell wall
33 terms
PCAT: Proteins
Nonpolar amino acides
Polar amino acids
Acidic amino acids
Basic amino acids
*Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine, Proline, Phenylalanine…
*Methionine, Serine, Threonine, Cysteine, Tyrosine, Asparagin…
Aspartic acid, Glutamic acid, Aspartate, Glutamate... -R-group…
Arginine, Lysine, Histidine... -carry a net positive charge at…
Nonpolar amino acides
*Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine, Proline, Phenylalanine…
Polar amino acids
*Methionine, Serine, Threonine, Cysteine, Tyrosine, Asparagin…
570 terms
PCAT Vocab
Assuage
Anodyne
Balm
Emollient
To make less severe, ease, relieve
something that calms or soothes pain
soothing, healing influence
having soothing qualities, especially for skin
Assuage
To make less severe, ease, relieve
Anodyne
something that calms or soothes pain
55 terms
Pcat Calculus
What is the definition of a limit?
What is the constant rule?
What is the power rule?
What is the constant multiple rule?
What is the definition of a limit?
What is the constant rule?
127 terms
PCAT Prep
Illusion : Reality :: Perjury :... A. Fa…
Optimism : Enthusiasm :: Enticement :…
Coarse : Silky :: Banal :... A. Filthy... B…
Repress : Indulge :: Confine :... A. Con…
Correct Answer: B... Explanation: Reality is the opposite of ill…
Correct Answer: D... Explanation: Optimism and enthusiasm are po…
Correct Answer: B... Explanation: Coarse and silky are opposite…
Correct Answer: B... Explanation: Repressing or confining someth…
Illusion : Reality :: Perjury :... A. Fa…
Correct Answer: B... Explanation: Reality is the opposite of ill…
Optimism : Enthusiasm :: Enticement :…
Correct Answer: D... Explanation: Optimism and enthusiasm are po…
626 terms
PCAT 2016
Transmission
Direct contact
Indirect contact
Vectors
The spread of disease from one host to another, can occur thr…
Involves touching the contaminated person and spreading the d…
Includes transmission via droplets, vectors, soil, food, or w…
Intermediate living organisms in transmission. Ex. ticks.
Transmission
The spread of disease from one host to another, can occur thr…
Direct contact
Involves touching the contaminated person and spreading the d…
23 terms
PCAT- Biochem
Central Dogma of Molecular Genetics
nucleotide
types of N-bases
base pairing
DNA (self replication) - (transcription) RNA - (translation)…
basic unit of DNA. Deoxyribose (sugar) bonded to phosphate gr…
1. Purines: Adenine (A) and Guanine (G) - 2 rings... 1. Pyrimidi…
T forms 2 H-bonds w/ A... G forms 3 H-bonds w/ C
Central Dogma of Molecular Genetics
DNA (self replication) - (transcription) RNA - (translation)…
nucleotide
basic unit of DNA. Deoxyribose (sugar) bonded to phosphate gr…
34 terms
chemistry-pcat
zwitterion
proteins
amino acids
DNA
amino acid in water wil ionize forming zwitterion
made out of amino acids
make of NH2-C-COOH
made out of nucleotides
zwitterion
amino acid in water wil ionize forming zwitterion
proteins
made out of amino acids
33 terms
PCAT Quantitative "Study Guide"
5% =
10% =
20% =
30% =
0.05 = 5/100 = 1/20
0.1 = 1/10
0.2 = 2/10 = 1/5
0.3 = 3/10
5% =
0.05 = 5/100 = 1/20
10% =
0.1 = 1/10
31 terms
PCAT Evolution
evolution
lamarckian evolution
use or disuse
acquired characteristic
change in genetic make up of a population with time
new organs or changes in existing ones arose because of the n…
amount of change in an organism was based on the use or disus…
characteristics that grow in generations because of their nee…
evolution
change in genetic make up of a population with time
lamarckian evolution
new organs or changes in existing ones arose because of the n…
65 terms
Pcat Calculus
What is the definition of a limit?
What is the constant rule?
What is the power rule?
What is the constant multiple rule?
What is the definition of a limit?
What is the constant rule?
pcat biology
metabolism
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
ingestion
Sum all of the chemical reactions in a cell
Complex molecules are broken down to simpler ones and energy…
Use energy to build larger molecules from smaller molecules.…
Food intake
metabolism
Sum all of the chemical reactions in a cell
catabolic reactions
Complex molecules are broken down to simpler ones and energy…
117 terms
PCAT Chemistry
How to find the maximum # of electrons…
-ous always has one less _____ than -ic
Noble Gases Lightest to Heaviest
In a gas how does a change in volume a…
2n^2
oxygen
helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, radon
volume and pressure are indirectly proportional; they will do…
How to find the maximum # of electrons…
2n^2
-ous always has one less _____ than -ic
oxygen
221 terms
PCAT Chem
IA Ions
IIA Ions
B Group Ions
IIIA Ions
Na 1+... K 1+
Mg 2+... Ca 2+... Ba 2+
Fe 2+ / Fe 3+... Co 2+ / Co 3+... Ni 2+... Zn 2+... Ag 1+
Al 3+
IA Ions
Na 1+... K 1+
IIA Ions
Mg 2+... Ca 2+... Ba 2+
Cellular PCAT
The 5 Points of Cell Theory
What are the 6 kingdoms of living thin…
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
-All living things are composed of cells.... -The cell is the b…
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
-"Before Nucleus"... -Lack a membrane-bound nucleus. ... -Bacteria
-"After Nucleus"... -Have a nucleus
The 5 Points of Cell Theory
-All living things are composed of cells.... -The cell is the b…
What are the 6 kingdoms of living thin…
Bacteria, Archaea, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
PCAT Biochemistry
Nucleotide
What are the 3 components of a nucleot…
Purine
Pyrimidines
The basic unit of DNA
Deoxyribose (sugar)... phosphate group ... nitrogenous base
Adenine and Guanine
thymine and cytosine
Nucleotide
The basic unit of DNA
What are the 3 components of a nucleot…
Deoxyribose (sugar)... phosphate group ... nitrogenous base
392 terms
PCAT Biology
The cell membrane is permeable to what…
Protein channels transport what types…
Carrier proteins transport what types…
Histones
small, nonpolar hydrophobic molecules (O2)... small polar molecu…
small charged particles
charged ions and larger charged molecules
Structural proteins contained within DNA to form chromosomes…
The cell membrane is permeable to what…
small, nonpolar hydrophobic molecules (O2)... small polar molecu…
Protein channels transport what types…
small charged particles
PCAT Kaplan Chemistry
The Mg2+ ion has how many electrons
Avogadro's number
quantum theory
quanta
10
number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
Describes mathematically the wave properties of electrons and…
The bundle of electromagnetic energy that is absorbed or emit…
The Mg2+ ion has how many electrons
10
Avogadro's number
number of representative particles in a mole, 6.02 X 10^23
185 terms
PCAT Biology
Tissues
Histology
Four types of tissues
Skeletal system- function
are a group of cells performing a common function
the study of tissues
-epithelial: functions as a covering of either the inside or…
the functions of the skeletal system are protection, movement…
Tissues
are a group of cells performing a common function
Histology
the study of tissues
79 terms
PCAT CHEMISTRY
# of protons
# of protons + neutrons
atoms of same element that differ in m…
Hydrogen
atomic number (Z)
Mass number(A)
Isotopes
H-1
# of protons
atomic number (Z)
# of protons + neutrons
Mass number(A)
23 terms
PCAT Microorganisms
prokaryotes
bacteria
flagella and cilia
3 major shapes of bacteria
one celled organisms that do not have a true nucleus or membr…
-prokaryotes... -produce asexually (transformation, transduction…
increase motility of bacteria
coccus... bacillus... spirillum
prokaryotes
one celled organisms that do not have a true nucleus or membr…
bacteria
-prokaryotes... -produce asexually (transformation, transduction…
13 terms
Kaplan PCAT Biochemistry
DNA
RNA
self-replicate
central dogma
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
(ribonucleic acid) which is translated into a sequence of ami…
DNA can self-replicate which is essential for cell diction an…
theory that states that, in cells, information only flows fro…
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) a complex molecule containing the gen…
RNA
(ribonucleic acid) which is translated into a sequence of ami…
40 terms
PCAT Genetics
gene
alleles
genotype
phenotype
basic unit of heredity - composed of DNA and located on chrom…
alternate forms of genes
genetic make up of an individual
physical manifestation of the genetic make up of the individual
gene
basic unit of heredity - composed of DNA and located on chrom…
alleles
alternate forms of genes
567 terms
CHEM PCAT
anisole
toluene
phenol
aniline
anisole
toluene
PCAT- Biology
Six kingdom
Prokaryotic
Cell Membrane
Fluid mosaic model
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Protista... -Fungi... -Plantae... -Animalia
-"before nucleus"... -lacks a membrane-bound nucleus
-Composed of proteins and phospholipids... -Selective permeability
-Membrane consists of a phospholipid bilayer with proteins em…
Six kingdom
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Protista... -Fungi... -Plantae... -Animalia
Prokaryotic
-"before nucleus"... -lacks a membrane-bound nucleus
332 terms
PCAT VOCAB
allergen
abacus
abstain
acrophobia
a substance that causes an allergic reaction
an ancient counting device
do without voluntarily
fear of heights
allergen
a substance that causes an allergic reaction
abacus
an ancient counting device
1,057 terms
PCAT test review
Axial skeleton is composed of?
Function of the skeletal system
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Composed of:... skull... vertebral column... rib cage
protection (rib cage)... movement (along with muscles)... mineral s…
Cells that make bones
break down and re-form bones
Axial skeleton is composed of?
Composed of:... skull... vertebral column... rib cage
Function of the skeletal system
protection (rib cage)... movement (along with muscles)... mineral s…
154 terms
PCAT Chemistry
photoelectric effect
energy level of an electron orbital
angular moment (l)
magnetic quantum number (m)
phenomenon in which electrons are ejected from the surface of…
-2.179 x 10^-18 J(1/n^2)
indicates the shape of the orbital; equals n-1
describes the orientation of the electron orbital space; 2l+1…
photoelectric effect
phenomenon in which electrons are ejected from the surface of…
energy level of an electron orbital
-2.179 x 10^-18 J(1/n^2)
43 terms
PCAT - Biology (Cell Biology)
Fluid mosaic model
Cholesterol
Membrane proteins
Diffusion
- Describes plasma membrane of animal cells... - Proteins and su…
responsible for keeping the plasma membrane flexible
- acts as receptors... - acts as channels for ions and other mat…
- process driven by the concentration gradient... - goal is to r…
Fluid mosaic model
- Describes plasma membrane of animal cells... - Proteins and su…
Cholesterol
responsible for keeping the plasma membrane flexible
45 terms
PCAT: CHEMISTRY [Organic Chemistry]
CHO
BP
MP
bond length
formyl
trans lower... cis higher... *less polar/more symmetrical = lower…
trans higher... cis lower
shortest to longest... H-H < C≡C < C=C < C-C
CHO
formyl
BP
trans lower... cis higher... *less polar/more symmetrical = lower…
51 terms
PCAT Biology
Describe the blood flow of the heart.
Describe glycolysis.
Describe the Kreb's cycle.
Describe the electron transport (oxida…
Systemic = oxygenated to body... Pulmonary = deoxygenated to lungs
First step. Glucose is broken down in to pyretic acid (2-3 ca…
Second step. Two 3-carbon molecules are broken down and CO2+…
Majority of ATP is made. NAD and FAD carry electrons/protons…
Describe the blood flow of the heart.
Systemic = oxygenated to body... Pulmonary = deoxygenated to lungs
Describe glycolysis.
First step. Glucose is broken down in to pyretic acid (2-3 ca…
26 terms
PCAT: BIOLOGY [Musculoskeletal System]
endoskeleton
cartilage
Bone
Bone formation
made of bone and cartilage
chrondocytes are cells that synthesize cartilage
compact bone: dense have osteons (bony matrix) *Haversian c…
2 methods... endochondral ossification: cartilage replaced by…
endoskeleton
made of bone and cartilage
cartilage
chrondocytes are cells that synthesize cartilage
31 terms
PCAT CHEMISTRY - Inorganic
Important Groups IA
Important Group IIA
Important B Group Ions
Important Group IIIA
Na+... K+
Mg2+... Ca2+... Ba2+
Fe2+ or Fe3+... Co2+ or Co3+... Ni2+... Zn2+... Ag+
Al3+
Important Groups IA
Na+... K+
Important Group IIA
Mg2+... Ca2+... Ba2+
54 terms
Kaplan PCAT: Atomic Structure
chemistry
atom
nucleus
orbitals
study of the nature and behavior of matter
- basic building block of matter... - smallest unit of a chemica…
- composed of protons and neutrons... - the core of an atom
the electrons exist outside the nucleus in these characterist…
chemistry
study of the nature and behavior of matter
atom
- basic building block of matter... - smallest unit of a chemica…
36 terms
PCAT: BIOCHEMISTRY [General Biochemistry]
DNA
central dogma
nucleic acids
N-glycosidic Bond
DNA transcripted to RNA translated to a.a sequence to proteins
ability to self replicate make sures DNA will be passed on to…
made of nucleotides which link to form DNA/RNA... 3 bonds total,…
sugar + base --(condensation)--> nucleoside + H2O... acid hydro…
DNA
DNA transcripted to RNA translated to a.a sequence to proteins
central dogma
ability to self replicate make sures DNA will be passed on to…
41 terms
Kaplan PCAT: Chemical Bonding
Molecules
Chemical Bonds
Intermolecular Forces
Octet Rule
Formed by the combination of the atoms of many elements
Strong attractive forces that hold together the atoms in most…
Weaker forces between molecules
States that an atom tends to bond with other atoms until it h…
Molecules
Formed by the combination of the atoms of many elements
Chemical Bonds
Strong attractive forces that hold together the atoms in most…
25 terms
PCAT: BIOLOGY [Reproductive System]
sexual reproduction
Gonads
Gametogenesis
Fertilization
fusion of two gametes
Gametes are produced and organs... testes = sperm... ovaries = oo…
Functional sex cells.... spermatogensis = male... oogenesis = fem…
Union of egg and sperm nuclei to form zygote with a diploid n…
sexual reproduction
fusion of two gametes
Gonads
Gametes are produced and organs... testes = sperm... ovaries = oo…
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