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Study sets matching "pd bio120 evolution"

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Study sets matching "pd bio120 evolution"

15 terms
PD BIO 120 Exam 4 Review (Evolution)
Disruptive Selection
Stabilizing Selection
Directional Selection
Mutation
Increases the amount of variation in a trait. Most likely to…
Favors the survival of individuals with intermediate phenotyp…
Changes the average value of a trait. Can go in either direct…
Restores genetic diversity and creates new alleles. Mutation…
Disruptive Selection
Increases the amount of variation in a trait. Most likely to…
Stabilizing Selection
Favors the survival of individuals with intermediate phenotyp…
88 terms
Biology 120 Evolution
Evolution
Mosquitoes and malaria; DDT-
Geologic time scale
Fossil record
Change in genetic composition of a population overtime
Some have evolved resistance
reflects a sequence of geologic periods
An archive of macroevolution
Evolution
Change in genetic composition of a population overtime
Mosquitoes and malaria; DDT-
Some have evolved resistance
33 terms
Biology pd 2 - Evolution Vocab
evolution
uniformitarianism
lamarkism
fitness
Change over time.
Something happens now, then it has to have happened at the sa…
The 1st scientific theory that biological species change thro…
A species ability to survive and reproduce in its environment.
evolution
Change over time.
uniformitarianism
Something happens now, then it has to have happened at the sa…
66 terms
Biology 120: Chapter 1- Evolution, the Themes of Biology, and the Scientific Method
evolution
Biology
Biosphere
Ecosystem
-the process of change that has transformed earth from its ea…
the scientific study of life
-consists of all life on Earth and everywhere life exists
all the living things in a particular area, along with all th…
evolution
-the process of change that has transformed earth from its ea…
Biology
the scientific study of life
31 terms
Biology Test Review on Evolution - Blake 3rd Pd - Jake Sheeler
radiometric dating
biogenesis
eubacteria
endosymbiont theory
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
All living things come from other living things
A kingdom that contains all prokaryotes except archaebacteria
explains that eukaryotic cells may have evolved from prokaryo…
radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
biogenesis
All living things come from other living things
221 terms
PdBio 120 - Exam 3
What are the 2 types of prokaryotic or…
What is significant about the cell wal…
What is the liquid that fills a prokar…
What is the prokaryotic cell wall made…
Bacteria and Archaea
It has a single membrane
Cytoplasm
Peptidoglycans and glycolipids
What are the 2 types of prokaryotic or…
Bacteria and Archaea
What is significant about the cell wal…
It has a single membrane
180 terms
PdBio 120 - Exam 2 - Dr. Judd
Solvent
Solute
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Liquid medium. In living systems the solvent is water. What t…
Molecules that are dissolved in the solvent. Water interacts…
Affinity to dissolve in water. Ex: Salts, sugars, many amino…
Lacks the affinity to dissolve in water. Example: Fatty acids…
Solvent
Liquid medium. In living systems the solvent is water. What t…
Solute
Molecules that are dissolved in the solvent. Water interacts…
96 terms
PD Bio 120 Unit 2
dna polymer
how many nucleic acids
rna polymer
protein polymer
nucleic acids
4
nucleic acids
amino acids
dna polymer
nucleic acids
how many nucleic acids
4
143 terms
PD BIO 120 Unit 1
what is the common basic unit of all l…
prokaryotic cell
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotes can still have...
the cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
defined nucleus with defined boundary... true nucleus
prokaryotes can still have organelles
what is the common basic unit of all l…
the cell
prokaryotic cell
A type of cell lacking a membrane-enclosed nucleus and membra…
17 terms
PD Bio 120 Exam 4 Flashcards
Mitosis
Meiosis
Interphase
G0 Phase
The division of the genetic material in the nucleus that prod…
The division of genetic material in the nucleus to produce da…
The cell is PREPARING to divide. Has three parts: G1 and G0,…
Cells are not actively dividing and perform their normal func…
Mitosis
The division of the genetic material in the nucleus that prod…
Meiosis
The division of genetic material in the nucleus to produce da…
221 terms
PdBio 120 - Exam 3
What are the 2 types of prokaryotic or…
What is significant about the cell wal…
What is the liquid that fills a prokar…
What is the prokaryotic cell wall made…
Bacteria and Archaea
It has a single membrane
Cytoplasm
Peptidoglycans and glycolipids
What are the 2 types of prokaryotic or…
Bacteria and Archaea
What is significant about the cell wal…
It has a single membrane
78 terms
PdBio 120 - Test 4
What is Meiosis?
TRUE or FALSE: Meiosis is only involve…
What are gametes?
What are the 4 phases of the cell cycle?
Division of genetic material in the nucleus to produce daught…
TRUE
Egg and sperm
G1(G0), S, G2, and M
What is Meiosis?
Division of genetic material in the nucleus to produce daught…
TRUE or FALSE: Meiosis is only involve…
TRUE
78 terms
PdBio 120 - Test 4
What is Meiosis?
TRUE or FALSE: Meiosis is only involve…
What are gametes?
What are the 4 phases of the cell cycle?
Division of genetic material in the nucleus to produce daught…
TRUE
Egg and sperm
G1(G0), S, G2, and M
What is Meiosis?
Division of genetic material in the nucleus to produce daught…
TRUE or FALSE: Meiosis is only involve…
TRUE
180 terms
PdBio 120 - Exam 2 - Dr. Judd
Solvent
Solute
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Liquid medium. In living systems the solvent is water. What t…
Molecules that are dissolved in the solvent. Water interacts…
Affinity to dissolve in water. Ex: Salts, sugars, many amino…
Lacks the affinity to dissolve in water. Example: Fatty acids…
Solvent
Liquid medium. In living systems the solvent is water. What t…
Solute
Molecules that are dissolved in the solvent. Water interacts…
21 terms
Evolution
species
fossil
adaptation
evolution
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
72 terms
PD Bio 120- Arroyo (Test #1)
(Alternate) Hypothesis
Null Hypothesis
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Predicted conclusion
Predicts that treatment will have no effect. (Negative)
What's being measured, usually x-axis
What's being measured and controlled
(Alternate) Hypothesis
Predicted conclusion
Null Hypothesis
Predicts that treatment will have no effect. (Negative)
180 terms
PdBio 120 - Exam 2 - Dr. Judd
Solvent
Solute
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Liquid medium. In living systems the solvent is water. What t…
Molecules that are dissolved in the solvent. Water interacts…
Affinity to dissolve in water. Ex: Salts, sugars, many amino…
Lacks the affinity to dissolve in water. Example: Fatty acids…
Solvent
Liquid medium. In living systems the solvent is water. What t…
Solute
Molecules that are dissolved in the solvent. Water interacts…
405 terms
brcc Biology 120
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
Energy
Organism
Cells
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
- a living entity made up of one or more cells.
- membrane-bound units which organisms are made up of.
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
Energy
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
57 terms
Biology: Evolution
organisms belonging to a group of orga…
Characteristics that an offspring inhe…
a driving force in the evolution of a…
New organisms produced by a living thi…
Species
Aquired Characteristics
Natural Selection
Offspring
organisms belonging to a group of orga…
Species
Characteristics that an offspring inhe…
Aquired Characteristics
23 terms
Evolution
species
fossil
adaptation
evolution
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Change in a kind of organism over time; process by which mode…
species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock
48 terms
Topic 5 Evolution Vocabulary 5th Pd Fall 2016
Continuous variation
Discrepancies
Divergence
Homologous Structures
Traits that are affected in a multitude of different ways and…
Outliers/ Differences in data that may contradict one another…
The evolutionary process wherein a population of species dive…
Parts of body similar in structure to other species comparati…
Continuous variation
Traits that are affected in a multitude of different ways and…
Discrepancies
Outliers/ Differences in data that may contradict one another…
50 terms
Biol 120 Unit One Plant Origins and Evolution
importance of plants
scientific classification
organism classification
taxonomy
- photosynthesis sustains the life system on earth... -- oxygen,…
- the process of making sensical that which might otherwise a…
- domain bacteria... - domain archaea... - domain eukarya... -- kingdo…
- the naming and classifying of species, or a category in a f…
importance of plants
- photosynthesis sustains the life system on earth... -- oxygen,…
scientific classification
- the process of making sensical that which might otherwise a…
21 terms
PdBio 120 Final Review Questions Only
Which of the following does not have a…
If a pool of ribonucleotides consists…
Concerning the experiment performed by…
A simple biological model for studying…
b. ribosome
a. 0.11
b. Check turbidity of media in an open straight neck flask
b. a hypotonic solution
Which of the following does not have a…
b. ribosome
If a pool of ribonucleotides consists…
a. 0.11
29 terms
PD Bio 120 E2
Nucleotide
Ribose & Deoxyribose
Nitrogenous Base
Purine
The building blocks of DNA; made up of a Nitrogenous base, Su…
____ is the sugar in RNA. ________ is the same nucleotide, wi…
The ____________ _________ is connected to the 1 site of a nu…
A ______ is a common nitrogenous base that is either made up…
Nucleotide
The building blocks of DNA; made up of a Nitrogenous base, Su…
Ribose & Deoxyribose
____ is the sugar in RNA. ________ is the same nucleotide, wi…
37 terms
BYU PdBio 120 Unit 3 Kooyman
Products of Krebs Cycle
Products of Glycolysis
Products of Electron Transport chain
Site of Glycolysis
8 NADH... 2 FADH2... 2 ATP... 6 CO2
2 Pyruvate... 2 ATP... 2 NADH
32-34 ATP
Cytoplasm
Products of Krebs Cycle
8 NADH... 2 FADH2... 2 ATP... 6 CO2
Products of Glycolysis
2 Pyruvate... 2 ATP... 2 NADH
28 terms
Pd Bio 120
function of membrane
Phospholipid
Integral Protein/Transmembrane protein
lipid anchored protein
separates life from nonlife
amphipathic ... hydrophobic tail- nonpolar water loving... Polar hy…
exists between phospholipid bilayer
associeates witha membrane because it has a lipid molecule th…
function of membrane
separates life from nonlife
Phospholipid
amphipathic ... hydrophobic tail- nonpolar water loving... Polar hy…
55 terms
PD Bio 120 E3
Genetic Crossing
Chromatid
Gamete
Standard Deviation
The exchange of genes between two chromosomes, resulting in n…
Formed from the replication of the chromosome; it is either o…
A haploid from a male or female that is able to unite with an…
Used to indicate the extent of deviation for a group as a who…
Genetic Crossing
The exchange of genes between two chromosomes, resulting in n…
Chromatid
Formed from the replication of the chromosome; it is either o…
39 terms
Evolution Vocabulary 1st Pd Fall 2015
Acquired Characteristics
Adaptation
Adaptive Radiation
Analogous
Traits that an organism obtains after birth due to a change t…
The adjustment or changes in behavior, physiology, and struct…
Evolutionary divergence of a population into a different spec…
Structures perform a similar function but had originated from…
Acquired Characteristics
Traits that an organism obtains after birth due to a change t…
Adaptation
The adjustment or changes in behavior, physiology, and struct…
14 terms
Evidence of Evolution
Evidence of Evolution
Fossil Record
Embryology
Comparative Anatomy
The major pieces of evidence for this theory can be broken do…
Can show the changes that occurred over time for a specific t…
Comparing embryos at different development can show different…
The comparisons and differences of the body structures in FOR…
Evidence of Evolution
The major pieces of evidence for this theory can be broken do…
Fossil Record
Can show the changes that occurred over time for a specific t…
405 terms
Biology 120
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
Energy
Organism
Cells
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
- a living entity made up of one or more cells.
- membrane-bound units which organisms are made up of.
Energy, Cells, Information, Replicatio…
- Five fundamental characteristics that organisms share
Energy
- what cells need in order to reproduce and stay alive; sunli…
51 terms
Topic 5 Evolution Vocabulary 8th Pd Fall 2016
Adaptive Radiation
Artificial Selection
Continuous Variation
Convergent Evolution
The evolution of many diverse species from a common ancestor.
Breeding animals or plants with trait humans want to express.
An unlimited amount of features that are influenced by differ…
A type of evolution in which organisms are of different linea…
Adaptive Radiation
The evolution of many diverse species from a common ancestor.
Artificial Selection
Breeding animals or plants with trait humans want to express.
BIO120 Why Evolution is True?
William Paley
On the Origin of species
Six components of the "Origin of Speci…
Evolution
Eighteenth Century English Philosopher; Watchmaker Theory; Ho…
Darwin's book published in 1859 that presented evidence and p…
Evolution, Gradualism, Speciation, Common Ancestry, Natural S…
A species undergoes genetic change over time; Does not say th…
William Paley
Eighteenth Century English Philosopher; Watchmaker Theory; Ho…
On the Origin of species
Darwin's book published in 1859 that presented evidence and p…
Unit 2 Bio 120 Exam Grossmont College
Religious Scholars
Radical Thinkers
Charles Darwin
What Ship did Charles Darwin travel on…
Believed the Earth was only 6,000 years old; Species came int…
Believed Earth was much older; Species are constantly changin…
1840's; fascinated with nature as a boy; physician father pus…
the HMS Beagle.
Religious Scholars
Believed the Earth was only 6,000 years old; Species came int…
Radical Thinkers
Believed Earth was much older; Species are constantly changin…
16 terms
CSET Science 120 Evolution
The fossil record
o biogeography -
comparative anatomy -
comparative embryology -
the ordered sequence of fossils as they appear in the rock la…
geographic distribution of species, we find species where the…
the comparison of body structures in different species, certa…
comparing early stages of development in different animal spe…
The fossil record
the ordered sequence of fossils as they appear in the rock la…
o biogeography -
geographic distribution of species, we find species where the…
16 terms
Biology
Ecosystem
Population
Community
Herbivore
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organism…
Population
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
23 terms
PD BIO 120 FINAL Judd
Rough E.R.
Smooth E.R.
Mitochondrion
Cytoskeleton
Site of Protein Sorting and Secretion
Site of Detoxification and lipid synthesis
Site of ATP synthesis
Protein filaments that provide shape and aid and movement
Rough E.R.
Site of Protein Sorting and Secretion
Smooth E.R.
Site of Detoxification and lipid synthesis
127 terms
Bio 120 Exam 1
Organism
Cell
Genes
Theory
Any living entity that contains one or more cells
A highly organized compartment bounded by a thin, flexible st…
(1) In a molecular context, a section of DNA (or RNA, for som…
An explanation for a broad class of phenomena that is support…
Organism
Any living entity that contains one or more cells
Cell
A highly organized compartment bounded by a thin, flexible st…
48 terms
Chapter 13 Evolution
evolution
microevolution
macroevolution
truths to misconceptions
is a genetic change in a population... -overtime there is change…
-small change in allele or genotype frequencies
-is the accumulation of enough changes to lead to spaciation…
1.populations evolve, not individuals.... 2. Usually only acts u…
evolution
is a genetic change in a population... -overtime there is change…
microevolution
-small change in allele or genotype frequencies
39 terms
PD Bio Evolution
Species
Evolution
Which two scientists were responsible…
According to Darwin/Wallace, evolution…
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive form in…
the change in allele frequencies over time
Charles Lyell and James Hutton (uniformitarianism)
natural selection and natural variation among a population
Species
A group of related organisms that share a distinctive form in…
Evolution
the change in allele frequencies over time
19 terms
Biology: vocab ch.19 PD.5
extinct
paleontologist
relative dating
half-life
When a species dies out.
Researchers who study fossils to learn about ancient life.
Method for determining the age of the fossil by comparing its…
The time required for half of the radioactive atoms in a samp…
extinct
When a species dies out.
paleontologist
Researchers who study fossils to learn about ancient life.
40 terms
PD Bio 120 Geary Exam 2
First Law
Second Law
Oxidation Mechanism 1
Oxidation--Mechanism 2
Energy is neither created or destroyed
Each change of energy state is accompanied by an increase in…
Electron loses electrons--electron donor
Electron moves farther from the nucleus (higher potential ene…
First Law
Energy is neither created or destroyed
Second Law
Each change of energy state is accompanied by an increase in…
72 terms
BYU PD-BIO Lab 7 Special Senses
External Ear
Auricle
External Auditory Meatus
Middle Ear
External Ear
Auricle
145 terms
Biology 120
Genes
Genome
Which is bigger: gene or genome? Why?
Consumer
hereditary units of information consisting of specific sequen…
Sum total of an organism's DNA
Genome, because your genome consist of all your genes
organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers of…
Genes
hereditary units of information consisting of specific sequen…
Genome
Sum total of an organism's DNA
37 terms
Biology: Chapter 6 - Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
37 terms
PD BIO Exam 3
Somatic Cells
Chromosome
Replicated Chromosome
Condensed Replicated Chromosome
Body Cells (gametes are not somatic cells)
Single, long strand of double helix DNA . Highly organized. E…
Two copies of the same chromosome
DNA tightly wound around its associated proteins (occurs at s…
Somatic Cells
Body Cells (gametes are not somatic cells)
Chromosome
Single, long strand of double helix DNA . Highly organized. E…
8 terms
Evolution evidence
fossil
relative dating
radioisotope dating
homologous structure
Traces or preserved remains of organisms that once lived but…
Determining the age of a fossil or rock by comparing it to an…
Compares the amount of radioactive form of an element contain…
Body parts of organisms that have a similar structure but dif…
fossil
Traces or preserved remains of organisms that once lived but…
relative dating
Determining the age of a fossil or rock by comparing it to an…
20 terms
Bio 120 Chapter 1
Biology
Genome
Bioinformatics
Proteomics
The Scientific study of life
Entire library of genetic instructions that an organism inher…
Use of computational tools to store, organize, and analyze th…
The Study of sets of proteins and their properties
Biology
The Scientific study of life
Genome
Entire library of genetic instructions that an organism inher…
Bio 120 Evolution
evolution
Linnaeus
Robert Whittaker 1969
Carl Woese 1990
changes that accumulate over generational time.
came up with current system to classify organisms as genus or…
created the 5-kingdom system (Monera, Protista, Fungi, Animal…
Discovered Archaea, and created 3 domain system based on gene…
evolution
changes that accumulate over generational time.
Linnaeus
came up with current system to classify organisms as genus or…
21 terms
Evolution, growth curve, religion Pdbio 120
Evolution
natural selection (darwin's postulates)
Do scientists still observe evolutiona…
Mutation
change of allele frequencies in a species over time
acts on individuals... individual organisms in population vary…
Yes
sources of genetic variation or new alleles. Provide variatio…
Evolution
change of allele frequencies in a species over time
natural selection (darwin's postulates)
acts on individuals... individual organisms in population vary…
19 terms
Biology Section 3.2 Eukaryote Components
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
the area within the nucleus where ribosomes are made
the network of channels within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic…
the network of channels that assembles and transports lipids…
the network of channels embedded with ribosomes within the cy…
Nucleolus
the area within the nucleus where ribosomes are made
Endoplasmic reticulum
the network of channels within the cytoplasm of a eukaryotic…
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