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Study sets matching "pediatrics cardiology"

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Study sets matching "pediatrics cardiology"

80 terms
Cardiology - Pediatrics
Age of presentation - innocent murmurs
Types of innocent murmurs
Most common innocent murmur
Characteristics of Vibratory - Stills…
3-7 years of age
V V P P M... Vibratory (Stills)... Venous Hum... Pulmonary Flow... Periph…
Vibratory - Stills
Changes with patient movement... Crescendo-decrescendo... Decreases…
Age of presentation - innocent murmurs
3-7 years of age
Types of innocent murmurs
V V P P M... Vibratory (Stills)... Venous Hum... Pulmonary Flow... Periph…
86 terms
PEDIATRICS: CARDIOLOGY
Pathophysiologyof cardiovascular disease
The pediatric cardiovascular exam
The cardiovascular exam, cont.
The exam: auscultation
•Congenital heart disease occurs in 8 per 1000 births... •Most c…
•Vital signs... •Resting HR: < 1 mo: 80-160; 1-3 mo: 80-200; 2-…
•Inspection... •General appearance, dysmorphicfeatures, cyanosis…
•Auscultation... •Most important part of the cardiovascular exam…
Pathophysiologyof cardiovascular disease
•Congenital heart disease occurs in 8 per 1000 births... •Most c…
The pediatric cardiovascular exam
•Vital signs... •Resting HR: < 1 mo: 80-160; 1-3 mo: 80-200; 2-…
79 terms
Cardiology (Pediatric)
Review the anatomy and physiology of t…
What is preload? What factor affect pr…
What is after load?
Which ventricle produces almost all of…
Preload is the pressure that is stretching the ventricle of t…
After-load is the pressure that the chamber has to generate t…
Systemic = LV (Higher Press & Oxygenated Blood)... Pulmonary…
Review the anatomy and physiology of t…
What is preload? What factor affect pr…
Preload is the pressure that is stretching the ventricle of t…
18 terms
Pediatrics: Cardiology
Tetrology of Fallot
Holosystolic Murmurs
Transposition of the Great Vessels
Pulsus alternans
MCC cyanotic heart disease... Four characteristics: 1) Overridin…
1. Mitral regurgitation... 2. Tricuspid regurgitation... 3. VSD
Aorta that originates in RV and pulmonary artery in LV... No oxy…
Sign of left ventricular systolic dysfunction
Tetrology of Fallot
MCC cyanotic heart disease... Four characteristics: 1) Overridin…
Holosystolic Murmurs
1. Mitral regurgitation... 2. Tricuspid regurgitation... 3. VSD
48 terms
Pediatrics Cardiology
How many mL in teaspoon
TIB
QID
Congenital hear disease prevalence
5
three times a day
four times a day
8 out of 1000
How many mL in teaspoon
5
TIB
three times a day
67 terms
Cardiology. Pediatrics
Innocent murmur
Regurgitating Heart defects
Right to left shunting
Left to right shunting
1. Never diastolic... 2. Never > grade 2/6 ... 3. Better heard duri…
1. Mitral valve prolapse... 2. Pulmonic insufficiency... 3. Aortic…
1. Tetralogy of Fallot... 2. Ebstein anomaly... 3. Tricsupid atresia
1. Patent ductus arteriosus... 2. VSD, ASD... 3. Endocardial cushio…
Innocent murmur
1. Never diastolic... 2. Never > grade 2/6 ... 3. Better heard duri…
Regurgitating Heart defects
1. Mitral valve prolapse... 2. Pulmonic insufficiency... 3. Aortic…
30 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Grade 1-2 innocent heart murmurs are h…
A ________ hum is a common innocent ch…
MC of all congenital heart anomalies?
80% of ventricular septal defects are…
2nd, 4th, LSB
Venous, turning, jugular
Ventricular Septal Defect
Perimembranous
Grade 1-2 innocent heart murmurs are h…
2nd, 4th, LSB
A ________ hum is a common innocent ch…
Venous, turning, jugular
15 terms
Pediatric cardiology
Ebstein anomoly,... diaplaced tricuspid v…
TCA overdose,... low BP, wide QRS
2MC Jones criteria
Jones,... pathognomic,... up to 6 months pos…
quad rhythym (TR)... mid-diastolic LLS murmur,... minimal cyanosis
ICU,... NaBicarbonate
polyarthritis >... carditis
Sydenham chorea
Ebstein anomoly,... diaplaced tricuspid v…
quad rhythym (TR)... mid-diastolic LLS murmur,... minimal cyanosis
TCA overdose,... low BP, wide QRS
ICU,... NaBicarbonate
PEDIATRICS - CARDIOLOGY
True or False: The placenta acts as a…
What is the pressure and saturation
What characterizes FETAL HEMOGLOBIN in…
In FETAL circulation, how does blood t…
- FALSE... - the placenta is a low pressure organ
- pO2 30-35 mm Hg... - 65% saturated
- HIGHER AFFINITY than adult hemoglobin... - able to absorb mo…
- bypasses liver via the DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS... - flows through…
True or False: The placenta acts as a…
- FALSE... - the placenta is a low pressure organ
What is the pressure and saturation
- pO2 30-35 mm Hg... - 65% saturated
48 terms
pediatric cardiology
most commonly occurring birth defect o…
infections that can cause heart defects
amphetamines, dilantin ... progesterone/…
these two legal drugs can cause congen…
congenital heart defects
cytomegalovirus, Coxsackie B virus, maternal rubella
medications that can cause congenital heart defects
alcohol and smoking
most commonly occurring birth defect o…
congenital heart defects
infections that can cause heart defects
cytomegalovirus, Coxsackie B virus, maternal rubella
91 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Umbilical Vein goes to the
The blood goes to the RA to LA via the
the lungs have a
Ductus arteriosis
right atrium
patent foramen ovale
high pulmonary pressure due to elevated resistance
Goes open from the RV to the descending arteriosius
Umbilical Vein goes to the
right atrium
The blood goes to the RA to LA via the
patent foramen ovale
93 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
NML HR in <1month
NML HR 1-3 months
NML HR 2-4 months
NML HR 2-10 yrs
80-160
80-100
70-120
60-90
NML HR in <1month
80-160
NML HR 1-3 months
80-100
48 terms
pediatric cardiology
most commonly occurring birth defect o…
infections that can cause heart defects
amphetamines, dilantin ... progesterone/…
these two legal drugs can cause congen…
congenital heart defects
cytomegalovirus, Coxsackie B virus, maternal rubella
medications that can cause congenital heart defects
alcohol and smoking
most commonly occurring birth defect o…
congenital heart defects
infections that can cause heart defects
cytomegalovirus, Coxsackie B virus, maternal rubella
79 terms
Cardiology (Pediatric)
Review the anatomy and physiology of t…
What is preload? What factor affect pr…
What is after load?
Which ventricle produces almost all of…
Preload is the pressure that is stretching the ventricle of t…
After-load is the pressure that the chamber has to generate t…
Systemic = LV (Higher Press & Oxygenated Blood)... Pulmonary =…
Review the anatomy and physiology of t…
What is preload? What factor affect pr…
Preload is the pressure that is stretching the ventricle of t…
29 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
16yo boy presents with syncope; ECG sh…
What causes the short PR interval, pro…
Why are patients with WPW syndrome at…
How are orthodromic supraventricular t…
Wolf-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
WPW syndrome is caused by an accessory bypass tract between t…
If patients with WPW syndrome develop atrial arrhythmias such…
A premature atrial complex may occur while the accessory path…
16yo boy presents with syncope; ECG sh…
Wolf-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
What causes the short PR interval, pro…
WPW syndrome is caused by an accessory bypass tract between t…
146 terms
cardiology pediatrics
CHF
CHF is defined when the blood pressure…
increased preload often occurs due to…
increased afterload is often due to
Inability of heart to pump enough blood to meet metabolic dem…
2x age in years +70
VSD, PDA... L to R shunts
aortic stenosis ... coarctation of teh aorta
CHF
Inability of heart to pump enough blood to meet metabolic dem…
CHF is defined when the blood pressure…
2x age in years +70
21 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Describe fetal circulation. What are t…
What circulatory changes occur at birth?
Compare and contrast common pediatric…
Describe a Newborn Murmur
The Basics of Fetal Circulation:... redirect oxygenated blood aw…
Changes At Birth: ... 2 major events:... 1) Umbilical cord is clamp…
Murmurs are characterized by:... - Location & Radiation... - Relati…
Newborn Murmur:... - Soft, short (grade I - II)... - First few days…
Describe fetal circulation. What are t…
The Basics of Fetal Circulation:... redirect oxygenated blood aw…
What circulatory changes occur at birth?
Changes At Birth: ... 2 major events:... 1) Umbilical cord is clamp…
69 terms
Pediatrics: Cardiology
Acyanotic Congenital Heart Diseases
Cyanotic Congenital Heart Diseases
Classification: Atrial septal defect
Classification: Ventricular septal def…
Increased pulmonary blood flow... Obstruction to blood flow from…
Decreased pulmonary blood flow... Mixed blood flow
Increased pulmonary blood flow
Increased pulmonary blood flow
Acyanotic Congenital Heart Diseases
Increased pulmonary blood flow... Obstruction to blood flow from…
Cyanotic Congenital Heart Diseases
Decreased pulmonary blood flow... Mixed blood flow
40 terms
Pediatrics - Cardiology
infant HR
toddlers HR
School age HR
Abnormal murmur characteristics
120-160
100-120
60-120
Symptomatic... Cardiomegaly... Abnl EKG... Diastolic murmurs... LOUD
infant HR
120-160
toddlers HR
100-120
40 terms
Pediatrics cardiology
Innocent murmur
Persistent cyanosis in an otherwise we…
Cyanosis in a newborn infant with resp…
The VSD closed spontaneously at
Asymptomatic... Systole... Soft ... Left sternal ... Could happen in : fe…
structural heart disease
Cardiac disorders - cyanotic congenital heart disease • Respi…
18 months
Innocent murmur
Asymptomatic... Systole... Soft ... Left sternal ... Could happen in : fe…
Persistent cyanosis in an otherwise we…
structural heart disease
123 terms
Pediatrics Cardiology
Development of Heart: ASD pathology
Development of Heart: VSD pathology
How is the newborn heart different for…
What sign/symptom is first indicator o…
Foramen ovale closes by 3mo of life; failure to close results…
Week 7: closure of interventricular foramen divides ventricle…
Newborn has greater proportion of non-contractile myocardium…
tachycardia - noncontractile myocardium of newborns leads to…
Development of Heart: ASD pathology
Foramen ovale closes by 3mo of life; failure to close results…
Development of Heart: VSD pathology
Week 7: closure of interventricular foramen divides ventricle…
80 terms
Cardiology - Pediatrics
Age of presentation - innocent murmurs
Types of innocent murmurs
Most common innocent murmur
Characteristics of Vibratory - Stills…
3-7 years of age
V V P P M... Vibratory (Stills)... Venous Hum... Pulmonary Flow... Periph…
Vibratory - Stills
Changes with patient movement... Crescendo-decrescendo... Decreases…
Age of presentation - innocent murmurs
3-7 years of age
Types of innocent murmurs
V V P P M... Vibratory (Stills)... Venous Hum... Pulmonary Flow... Periph…
40 terms
Pediatrics: Cardiology
Foramen Ovale
Ductus Arteriosus
Cyanotic Caridac Defect
Acyanotic Cardiac Defect
-opening b/w left atrium & right atrium ... -develop 4th week of…
-opening b/w pulm artery & aorta ... -blood from right ventricle…
-right to left shunt ... -blood= deoxygenated
-Left to right shunt
Foramen Ovale
-opening b/w left atrium & right atrium ... -develop 4th week of…
Ductus Arteriosus
-opening b/w pulm artery & aorta ... -blood from right ventricle…
28 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
what does pedi cards encompass?
for which things can you treat the fet…
ADULT congenital heart disease?
what causes cardiac malformations?
Tricusoid atresia = hypoplastic right heart syndrome... TAPVR =…
Bicuspid AV
what does pedi cards encompass?
Tricusoid atresia = hypoplastic right heart syndrome... TAPVR =…
for which things can you treat the fet…
11 terms
Pediatrics: cardiology
seven s's of key features of innocent…
BEST TIME TO HEAR neonatal murmurs
***4 murmurs to know
a low-frequency systolic murmur less t…
sensitive... short duration... single... small... soft... sweet... systolic
first few days of life - NOT RIGHT AT BIRTH
stills... pulmonic flow murmur... venous hum... carotid bruit
stills murmur
seven s's of key features of innocent…
sensitive... short duration... single... small... soft... sweet... systolic
BEST TIME TO HEAR neonatal murmurs
first few days of life - NOT RIGHT AT BIRTH
13 terms
Pediatric cardiology
IVRT
Trisomy 18
Edwards syndrome
Trisomy 21
Closure aortic valve to opening mitral valve... ECG t wave to wave
Edwards syndrome 50% still born ASD VSD coarctation of aorta
Trisomy 18 ASD VSD ... Coarctation Ao
Down's syndrome ... Most common VSD ... AV canals
IVRT
Closure aortic valve to opening mitral valve... ECG t wave to wave
Trisomy 18
Edwards syndrome 50% still born ASD VSD coarctation of aorta
117 terms
Pediatric cardiology
Fetal circulation
Placental role
S/S of cardiac anomalies
What does periorbital edema indicate i…
- Ductus arteriosus (R --> L shunt)... - Foramen ovale... - Ductus…
- Provides gas & metabolic exchange... - 40% of fetal CO goes to…
- Review apgar scores (prolonged cyanosis, respiratory distre…
CHF
Fetal circulation
- Ductus arteriosus (R --> L shunt)... - Foramen ovale... - Ductus…
Placental role
- Provides gas & metabolic exchange... - 40% of fetal CO goes to…
13 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Atrioventricular Septal Defect (AVSD)
Patent Ductus Arterious (PDA)
-A defect with increased pulmonary blood flow... -acyanotic... -Tre…
-A defect with increased pulmonary blood flow... -acyanotic... -Tre…
-A defect with increased pulmonary blood flow... -Acyanotic... -Hav…
-a defect with increased pulmonary blood flow... -acyanotic... -Tre…
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
-A defect with increased pulmonary blood flow... -acyanotic... -Tre…
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
-A defect with increased pulmonary blood flow... -acyanotic... -Tre…
32 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Transposition of Great Vessels (TGA)
Tetralogy of Fallot
Ebstein anomaly of tricuspid
Total anomalous Pulmonary Venous return
On X-ray you find " Eggs on a string appearance", what is t…
On X-ray you find a Boot shaped Heart, what is the most lik…
On X-ray you find a Boxed shaped heart, what is the most li…
On X-ray you see a " Snowman heart", what is the most likel…
Transposition of Great Vessels (TGA)
On X-ray you find " Eggs on a string appearance", what is t…
Tetralogy of Fallot
On X-ray you find a Boot shaped Heart, what is the most lik…
39 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
normal findings of acrocyanosis
abnormal findings of central cyanosis
3 categories
Still's murmur
-peripheral cyanosis**... -normal finding in first few hours of…
-irritable, very sick
-L to R shunt... -R to L shunt... -malformation causing an obstruct…
-MC innocent murmur... -age 2-4... -musical, vibratory, soft grade…
normal findings of acrocyanosis
-peripheral cyanosis**... -normal finding in first few hours of…
abnormal findings of central cyanosis
-irritable, very sick
52 terms
Pediatric cardiology
What is sinus arrhythmia?
What is the most common mechanism for…
S1 is the?
S2 is the?
Rate varies with respiration increased with inspiration and d…
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
closure of the Mitral and Tricuspid valve
Closure of the aortic and pulmonary valve
What is sinus arrhythmia?
Rate varies with respiration increased with inspiration and d…
What is the most common mechanism for…
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
42 terms
pediatric cardiology
<37 weeks, family Hx, Genetic syndrome…
blue babies
Ventricular septal defect, pulmonary s…
Boot shaped heart
What are factors that lead to congenital heart disease in new…
characteristic of cyanotic congenital heart defect
What are the 4 defects associated with tetralogy of Fallot (m…
What is the classic CXR finding with tetralogy of fallot?
<37 weeks, family Hx, Genetic syndrome…
What are factors that lead to congenital heart disease in new…
blue babies
characteristic of cyanotic congenital heart defect
10 terms
Pediatric cardiology
PDA
PDA diagnostic testing
Most common congenital heart defect
Cyanotic congenital heart disease
Causes left to right shunt so no cyanosis. But may cause pulm…
VSD
PDA
Causes left to right shunt so no cyanosis. But may cause pulm…
PDA diagnostic testing
9 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Congenital heart defect facts
Ductus Arteriosus
Ductus Venosus
Foreman Ovale
1 in 100 infants are born with a congenital heart defect... **No…
In utero, the high pressure in the lungs forces the majority…
A vessel that bypasses the liver on its way to the right atri…
An opening between the right and left atrium which allows blo…
Congenital heart defect facts
1 in 100 infants are born with a congenital heart defect... **No…
Ductus Arteriosus
In utero, the high pressure in the lungs forces the majority…
24 terms
pediatrics: Cardiology
When does a baby become cyanotic?
What are the Cyanotic heart defects? *…
What are 3 noncyanotic heart defects?…
What is major concern with Kawasaki Di…
when develop a R to L shunt
Truncus arteriosus... Transposition of great vessels (Cyanosis w…
VSD*, ASD,PDA... Most common*... Cyanotic with Eisenmenger syndrome…
Coronary artery aneurysm
When does a baby become cyanotic?
when develop a R to L shunt
What are the Cyanotic heart defects? *…
Truncus arteriosus... Transposition of great vessels (Cyanosis w…
93 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
NML HR in <1month
NML HR 1-3 months
NML HR 2-4 months
NML HR 2-10 yrs
80-160
80-100
70-120
60-90
NML HR in <1month
80-160
NML HR 1-3 months
80-100
122 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Fetal Heart
W/ First breath
Ductus Venosus
Foramen Ovale
Ductus Venosus... Ductus Arteriosus... Foramen Ovale ... All bypass th…
Pulmonary pressure decreases... Systemic Pressure increases... Feta…
Bypasses the liver
bypasses lungs by shunting from right to left ventricle
Fetal Heart
Ductus Venosus... Ductus Arteriosus... Foramen Ovale ... All bypass th…
W/ First breath
Pulmonary pressure decreases... Systemic Pressure increases... Feta…
20 terms
Pediatric cardiology
Diminished vs increased pulses
Tap on examination is associated with
Lift or heave on examination is associ…
Thrill on examinations is associated w…
-diminished - low output, coarctation (nml in upper, diminish…
PRESSURE overloaded ventricle
VOLUME overloaded ventricle
A loud murmur
Diminished vs increased pulses
-diminished - low output, coarctation (nml in upper, diminish…
Tap on examination is associated with
PRESSURE overloaded ventricle
23 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
What are the main points of fetal circ…
What is the foramen ovale?
Ductus arteriosus
Ductus venosus
Parallel circulation-Pulmonary vascular resistance is high an…
connects LA and RA... closes at birth, when LA pressure becomes…
connect pulmonary artery to aorta since blood does not need t…
blocks blood from going to the liver- tries to maximize blood…
What are the main points of fetal circ…
Parallel circulation-Pulmonary vascular resistance is high an…
What is the foramen ovale?
connects LA and RA... closes at birth, when LA pressure becomes…
60 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tetralogy of Fallot
Pulmonary stenosis,Right ventricular hypertrophy, Ventricular…
Blood Flow: ... Pulmonary stenosis impedes blood flow to the lun…
Heart/Lung: Harsh murmur
S/S: Cyanosis with feeding/crying, hypercyanotic spells, dysp…
Tetralogy of Fallot
Pulmonary stenosis,Right ventricular hypertrophy, Ventricular…
Tetralogy of Fallot
Blood Flow: ... Pulmonary stenosis impedes blood flow to the lun…
39 terms
Pediatric cardiology
diagnosis of CHDs
CHDs embryology
acyanotic CHDs
Cyanotic CHDs (blue baby)
most common congenital disorder in newborns... prenatal-fetal u…
Most congenital heart defects are a result of problems with e…
VSD- Ventricular Septal Defect... ASD- Atrial Septal Defect... Atri…
The 5 T's:... Tetralogy of Fallot... Truncus Arteriosus... Transpositi…
diagnosis of CHDs
most common congenital disorder in newborns... prenatal-fetal u…
CHDs embryology
Most congenital heart defects are a result of problems with e…
114 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
VSD on auscultation
Clinical manifestations of VSD
Three pathophysiologic groups for cong…
L to R shunt congenital cardiac defects
Holosystolic murmur loudest at LLSB and diastolic rumble at a…
Can be small and asymptomatic or large and cause FTT, easy fa…
1. L to R shunts... 2. R to L shunts... 3. Obstructive, stenotic le…
1. PDA... 2. VSD... 3. ASD
VSD on auscultation
Holosystolic murmur loudest at LLSB and diastolic rumble at a…
Clinical manifestations of VSD
Can be small and asymptomatic or large and cause FTT, easy fa…
Pediatric Cardiology
for which things can you treat the fet…
What kind of diet would a child be on…
ADULT congenital heart disease?
what syndromes can causes cardiac malf…
Low sodium, high potassium.
for which things can you treat the fet…
What kind of diet would a child be on…
Low sodium, high potassium.
44 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Causes of Blood Flow Defects
Causes of increased pulmonary BF
PDA
Indomethacin
1. Increased pulmonary BF... 2. Decreased pulmonary BF... 3. Outflo…
1. PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosis)... 2. ASD (Atrial Septal Defec…
Patent Ductus Arteriosis: structure connects aorta and pulmon…
Prostaglandin inhibitor-NSAID are used to initiate PDA closur…
Causes of Blood Flow Defects
1. Increased pulmonary BF... 2. Decreased pulmonary BF... 3. Outflo…
Causes of increased pulmonary BF
1. PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosis)... 2. ASD (Atrial Septal Defec…
69 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
What are some examples of Acyanotic co…
What are some examples of cyanotic con…
What is the most common congenital hea…
What is Eisenmenger syndrome?
VSD... ASD... PDA
Tetralogy of Fallot... Complete transposition of Great arteries
VSD
Reversal of shunt from left-to-right to right-to-left due to…
What are some examples of Acyanotic co…
VSD... ASD... PDA
What are some examples of cyanotic con…
Tetralogy of Fallot... Complete transposition of Great arteries
76 terms
pediatric cardiology
tube formation is at day ___
looping:... day 21=
looping:... day 25=
looping:... day 28=
15-20
heart bends to right
ventricles are side-side... atria moves posterior
ventricles grow, nor inferior to atria
tube formation is at day ___
15-20
looping:... day 21=
heart bends to right
31 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Sinus arrhythmia
With thumbs, one at a time.
Severe asthma, severe pulmonary effusion
4th left intercostal space, you can fe…
Pulse changes with inspiration and expiration
How do you check carotid arteries
Paradoxyl pulse
Where do you feel for the apical pulse
Sinus arrhythmia
Pulse changes with inspiration and expiration
With thumbs, one at a time.
How do you check carotid arteries
90 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Located in the central portion of the…
Located at the atrial lower margin, as…
Located at the upper portion of the at…
More common in females; typically asym…
Secundum defect, ASD
Primum defect, ASD
Sinus venosus defect, ASD
ASD
Located in the central portion of the…
Secundum defect, ASD
Located at the atrial lower margin, as…
Primum defect, ASD
79 terms
Cardiology (Pediatric)
Review the anatomy and physiology of t…
What is preload? What factor affect pr…
What is after load?
Which ventricle produces almost all of…
Preload is the pressure that is stretching the ventricle of t…
After-load is the pressure that the chamber has to generate t…
Systemic = LV (Higher Press & Oxygenated Blood)... Pulmonary =…
Review the anatomy and physiology of t…
What is preload? What factor affect pr…
Preload is the pressure that is stretching the ventricle of t…
134 terms
Pediatric Cardiology
Down's syndrome is associated w/ what…
William's syndrome is associated w/ wh…
Low pulses, especially femoral, are in…
You see diastolic runoff w/ what cardi…
AV canal defect
Aortic stenosis
Coarctation
PDA, AI, AVM
Down's syndrome is associated w/ what…
AV canal defect
William's syndrome is associated w/ wh…
Aortic stenosis
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