How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "pediatrics"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "pediatrics"

Pediatrics
amblyopia
strabismus
When inspecting infant's ears with oto…
When inspecting 3 year old's ears with…
blindness from lack of use
cross eyed
Pull ear down and back to 6 o'clock
pull it up and back to 10 o'clock
amblyopia
blindness from lack of use
strabismus
cross eyed
154 terms
Pediatrics
ASD endocardial cushion defects
PDA
Coarctation of aorta (bicuspid aortic…
Kawasaki disease
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Trisomy 21
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with congenital rubel…
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Turner's syndrome.
Congenital pediatric condition associated with coronary arter…
ASD endocardial cushion defects
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Trisomy 21
PDA
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with congenital rubel…
265 terms
Pediatrics
6-12
Toddler 1-3 years
Preschool 3-5 years
Anterior 9-18 months... Posterior 4 months
Between what months can an infants start to stand and walk?
When can you start asking the patients some questions other t…
When may a child want to help you with treatment?
When do anterior and posterior fontanelles close?
6-12
Between what months can an infants start to stand and walk?
Toddler 1-3 years
When can you start asking the patients some questions other t…
1,063 terms
Pediatrics
______ is a staphyloccocal, streptococ…
The most common infectious cause of St…
The diagnosis of stevens-johnson syndr…
Toxic epidermal necrosis is the dx whe…
Impetigo contagiosa
mycoplasma pneumoniae
10%
30%
______ is a staphyloccocal, streptococ…
Impetigo contagiosa
The most common infectious cause of St…
mycoplasma pneumoniae
50 terms
Pediatrics
epiglottitis
epiglottitis
laryngotracheobronchitis
stage 1
most often occurs in children 2-8 years old and is considered…
assessment of this: dysphonia, dyphagia, dyspnea, drooling, t…
most common type of croup typically occurring in children und…
low-grade fever, hoarseness, seal bark, inspiratory stridor a…
epiglottitis
most often occurs in children 2-8 years old and is considered…
epiglottitis
assessment of this: dysphonia, dyphagia, dyspnea, drooling, t…
30 terms
Pediatrics
latency Period
phallic stage
oral stage
Genital stage
6-12 years... between the phallic stage and puberty during which…
3-6 years... genital stimulation... notices difference in gender
birth to 1 year ... pleasure seeking is centered on activities s…
(12 years- puberty through adulthood) reemergence of sexual i…
latency Period
6-12 years... between the phallic stage and puberty during which…
phallic stage
3-6 years... genital stimulation... notices difference in gender
20 terms
Pediatrics
pediatric airway
necrotizing enterocolitis
tracheoesophageal fistula
congenital diaphragmatic hernia
trachea narrower, trachea softer, more flexible, airway struc…
Necrosis of intestinal mucosa and possible perforation. Colon…
Potentially life-threatening defect when a connection between…
Usually left diaphragm herniates. Diagnosed by ultrasound in…
pediatric airway
trachea narrower, trachea softer, more flexible, airway struc…
necrotizing enterocolitis
Necrosis of intestinal mucosa and possible perforation. Colon…
183 terms
Pediatrics!
Tympanic Membrane *bright red and bulg…
A mom brings her 7 month old in to see…
Treatment for Acute Otitis Media
Recurrent Otitis Media
Acute Otitis Media
NOPE! ... Acute Otitis Media has a red, bulging TM and is no…
Amoxicillin 80-90 mg/kg/day (divide it up into BID or TID d…
>3 AOMs in 6mos ... or ... >4 in 12mos
Tympanic Membrane *bright red and bulg…
Acute Otitis Media
A mom brings her 7 month old in to see…
NOPE! ... Acute Otitis Media has a red, bulging TM and is no…
738 terms
Pediatrics
Describe the HEEADDSS mnemonic of the…
Into what 4 categories are key develop…
Describe the gross motor developmental…
At what ages are transferring object a…
Home life; Education; Employment; Activities; Drugs; Depressi…
Gross motor; fine motor; language; social
1 month: lifts head when prone; 4 months: rolls front to back…
6 months: transfers objects; 1 year: two-finger pincer grasp
Describe the HEEADDSS mnemonic of the…
Home life; Education; Employment; Activities; Drugs; Depressi…
Into what 4 categories are key develop…
Gross motor; fine motor; language; social
100 terms
Pediatrics
What is the MOA for cephalosporins?
For newborns, what Rx for occult bacte…
What kind of drug is gentamicin?
What is the MOA for gentamicin?
β-lactam drugs that inhibit cell wall synthesis* but are l…
ampicillin + gentamicin
aminoglycoside
irreversible inhibition of initiation complex through binding…
What is the MOA for cephalosporins?
β-lactam drugs that inhibit cell wall synthesis* but are l…
For newborns, what Rx for occult bacte…
ampicillin + gentamicin
91 terms
Pediatrics
What are the differences with children…
What are the assessments for neuromusc…
what are the components of the neruomu…
what is the correct order of assessmen…
more cartilage, more porous (may just bend rather than break)…
observation (gait, posture, complaining, equality), touching…
Pain, paralysis (consider what normal mvmnt is), paresthesia…
developmental assessment, auscultation of chest, palpation of…
What are the differences with children…
more cartilage, more porous (may just bend rather than break)…
What are the assessments for neuromusc…
observation (gait, posture, complaining, equality), touching…
84 terms
Pediatrics
What are the four main principles of d…
What is considered a significant cause…
What are five factors that can affect…
What are some key components to pediat…
1. Proceeds along a predictable pathway... 2. "Normal" range is…
Loss (or regression) of previously attained milestones
Chronic illnesses... Physical or sexual abuse... Poverty... Physical d…
Age-appropriate developmental achievement ... Health supervision…
What are the four main principles of d…
1. Proceeds along a predictable pathway... 2. "Normal" range is…
What is considered a significant cause…
Loss (or regression) of previously attained milestones
45 terms
Pediatrics
Apgar Score
Day 1 Conjunctivitis
Day 2-7 Conjunctivitis
Day 7+ Conjunctivitis
Chemical irritation (due to silver nitrate)
Neisseria Conjunctivitis (Tx: ceftriaxone)
Chlamydia trachomatis (Tx: oral erythromycin)
Apgar Score
Day 1 Conjunctivitis
Chemical irritation (due to silver nitrate)
291 terms
Pediatrics
ASD endocardial cushion defects
PDA
Coarctation of aorta (bicuspid aortic…
Kawasaki disease
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Trisomy 21
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with congenital rubel…
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Turner's syndrome.
Congenital pediatric condition associated with coronary arter…
ASD endocardial cushion defects
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Trisomy 21
PDA
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with congenital rubel…
118 terms
Pediatrics
Germinal period
Embryonic period
T/F: Maternal and embryonic blood supp…
Fetal period
conception - 2 wks
3-8wk; organogenesis
True
9wk - birth
Germinal period
conception - 2 wks
Embryonic period
3-8wk; organogenesis
59 terms
Pediatrics
sexual abuse
abuse
abuse or neglect
neglect
key fact - suspect ___ if there is genital trauma, bleeding,…
suspect ___ if the story is not consistent with the injury pa…
___ in infants may present as:... -apnea... -seizures... -feeding into…
___ in older children may present as:... -poor hygiene... -behavior…
sexual abuse
key fact - suspect ___ if there is genital trauma, bleeding,…
abuse
suspect ___ if the story is not consistent with the injury pa…
9 terms
pediatrics
legg-calve-perthes disease
osgood-schlatter disease
slipped capital femoral epiphysis (scfe)
erythema toxicum
avascular necrosis of the femoral head;... caused by interruptio…
repeated microfracture of the tibial tubercle at the insertio…
typically occurs in overweight adolescents;... presents with a l…
benign, self-limited condition of unknown etiology;... found in…
legg-calve-perthes disease
avascular necrosis of the femoral head;... caused by interruptio…
osgood-schlatter disease
repeated microfracture of the tibial tubercle at the insertio…
38 terms
Pediatrics
Herpes Rash
TORCH Presentation + Treatment
Brown Stained Amniotic Fluid
Fever in Labor
Meconium ... in Fluid
ChorioAmnionitis
Herpes Rash
TORCH Presentation + Treatment
224 terms
Pediatrics
apgar score
Evaluate common developmental disorder…
Newborn Growth
Growth in Childhood
Describe normal and abnormal sexual development, including th…
neonate is up to 28 days... *10% birth loss first few days then…
-weight doubles by 4-5 months, and triples by one year ... - no…
apgar score
Evaluate common developmental disorder…
Describe normal and abnormal sexual development, including th…
195 terms
PEDIATRICS
BRUE Definition... Brief Resolved Unexpla…
BRUE Low risk criteria
Guideline recommendation for low risk…
When to withhold neonatal resuscitation
(1) Infant younger than 1 years of age... (2) Well appearing/nor…
(1) Age >60 days... (2) Born at least 32 weeks with corrected ge…
- shared decision making... - parental education... - 12 lead ECG... -…
1. <23 weeks... 2. <400g... 3. Anencephaly... 4. Trisomy 13
BRUE Definition... Brief Resolved Unexpla…
(1) Infant younger than 1 years of age... (2) Well appearing/nor…
BRUE Low risk criteria
(1) Age >60 days... (2) Born at least 32 weeks with corrected ge…
387 terms
Pediatrics
Which of the following is the most app…
A nurse is teaching cardiopulmonary re…
A nurse is collecting data about a chi…
A child has a basilar skull fracture.…
Brachial
"The object may be forced back further into the throat."
Obtaining a history regarding factors that may occur before t…
Suction via the nasotracheal route as needed.
Which of the following is the most app…
Brachial
A nurse is teaching cardiopulmonary re…
"The object may be forced back further into the throat."
91 terms
Pediatrics
Mutation responsible for achondroplasia
Abnormalities of lumbar spine in achon…
Causative mutation in pseudoachondropl…
Pseudoachondroplasia vs achondroplasia
Glycine --> arginine substitution, causing defect in FGFR-3 g…
thoracolumbar kyphosis (usually resolves with ambulation, tre…
Mutation in COMP on chromosome 19... Autosomal dominant... Develo…
Pseudos have cervical instability (should be screened and sta…
Mutation responsible for achondroplasia
Glycine --> arginine substitution, causing defect in FGFR-3 g…
Abnormalities of lumbar spine in achon…
thoracolumbar kyphosis (usually resolves with ambulation, tre…
175 terms
Pediatrics
ASD endocardial cushion defects
PDA
Coarctation of aorta (bicuspid aortic…
Kawasaki disease
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Trisomy 21
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with congenital rubel…
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Turner's syndrome.
Congenital pediatric condition associated with coronary arter…
ASD endocardial cushion defects
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with Trisomy 21
PDA
Pediatric heart condition associated MC with congenital rubel…
119 terms
Pediatrics
Prenatal history
Perinatal (birth) history
TORCH infections
Apgar Score
-need to know maternal health during pregnancy, the baby's fi…
-gestational age at delivery- preterm vs. term vs. full term…
TO- toxoplasmosis... R-rubella... C-cytomegalovirus... H-herpes simple…
Appearance:... 0- central cynosis... 1- pink w/ peripheral cyanosis…
Prenatal history
-need to know maternal health during pregnancy, the baby's fi…
Perinatal (birth) history
-gestational age at delivery- preterm vs. term vs. full term…
89 terms
pediatrics
car seat rules
develoment at 1 month (p 198 of HL)
development at 2 months
development at 4 months
kids <2 years in rear facing car seats (if they are big enoug…
can raise head from prone position, has tight grasp.
can hold head in midline. No longer clenches fists tightly. C…
rolls over, supports on wrists. Reaches out with arms in unis…
car seat rules
kids <2 years in rear facing car seats (if they are big enoug…
develoment at 1 month (p 198 of HL)
can raise head from prone position, has tight grasp.
20 terms
Pediatrics
Infant
toddler
preschool
school age
birth to 1 year
age 1 to 3 years
age 3 to 6 years
6 to 12 years
Infant
birth to 1 year
toddler
age 1 to 3 years
151 terms
Pediatrics
Neonatal
Infancy
early childhood
late childhood
birth-4wks
less than 1 yr
1-4 yrs
5-14 yrs
Neonatal
birth-4wks
Infancy
less than 1 yr
829 terms
Pediatrics
5 week old, vomiting, spitting up sinc…
GERD in infants - pathophysiology
GERD in infants - symptoms
GERD in infants - epidemiology
GERD
LES opens post-meal (usually to free gas) --> stomach content…
Spitting up (if spitting up still at half a year - major clue…
- Healthy infants, most thriving ... - > 1/2 of all babies exper…
5 week old, vomiting, spitting up sinc…
GERD
GERD in infants - pathophysiology
LES opens post-meal (usually to free gas) --> stomach content…
472 terms
Pediatrics
Apgar scores are assessed what times?
Causes for small for gestational age?
Most common cause of large for gestati…
Complete newborn exam should be done w…
1, 5 and 10 minutes after birth
maternal drug use... chromosomal abnormalities... exposure to IU in…
maternal diabetes
24 hours
Apgar scores are assessed what times?
1, 5 and 10 minutes after birth
Causes for small for gestational age?
maternal drug use... chromosomal abnormalities... exposure to IU in…
73 terms
Pediatrics
weight loss in first few days
return to birth weight
double birth weight
triple birth weight
5-10%
7-10 days
4-5 months
1 year
weight loss in first few days
5-10%
return to birth weight
7-10 days
104 terms
Pediatrics
assessment guidelines
a sleeping child allows for a good tim…
prevent falls in assessment by
decrease anxiety and allow distraction…
caregiver is present, holding it in lap ... soothing voice ... allo…
auscultate thorax
keeping one hand on infant at all times
allowing child to touch the tools... toys and games ... caregiver i…
assessment guidelines
caregiver is present, holding it in lap ... soothing voice ... allo…
a sleeping child allows for a good tim…
auscultate thorax
10 terms
Pediatrics
assent
do not resuscitate
emancipated minor
informed consent
A child's affirmative agreement to participate in a clinical…
a designation placed on a patients medical record indicating…
An individual younger than 18 who is independent of a parent;…
An agreement by an individual to participate in research afte…
assent
A child's affirmative agreement to participate in a clinical…
do not resuscitate
a designation placed on a patients medical record indicating…
98 terms
Pediatrics
How many Hib (Haemophilus influenza B)…
True or False?... For unvaccinated childr…
How many doses of Hepatitis A vaccinat…
True or False?... Hepatitis A is universa…
4 total doses
True; all 4 doses are given by 15 months
2 doses @ least 6 months apart... given @ 12-23 months
True
How many Hib (Haemophilus influenza B)…
4 total doses
True or False?... For unvaccinated childr…
True; all 4 doses are given by 15 months
74 terms
pediatrics
Neonatal period
Take APGAR scores are taken at:
If vaginal delivery you will spend ___…
If C-Section, you will spend ____ hour…
birth to 28 days
1 & 5 minutes
48 hours
96 hours
Neonatal period
birth to 28 days
Take APGAR scores are taken at:
1 & 5 minutes
216 terms
Pediatrics
Neonate age
Infant age
Child age
What is the biggest airway problem in…
0-28 days
1-12 months
1 year-puberty
tongue
Neonate age
0-28 days
Infant age
1-12 months
34 terms
Pediatrics
Posterior Urethral Valves
Dribbling urinary stream; sonogram; hy…
end-stage renal disease
medical etiology; developmental status…
The most common cause of severe urinary tract obstruction in…
A common presentation of posterior urethral valves is ___. __…
A long-term consequence of posterior urethral valves is ___.
The main difference between inorganic and organic failure to…
Posterior Urethral Valves
The most common cause of severe urinary tract obstruction in…
Dribbling urinary stream; sonogram; hy…
A common presentation of posterior urethral valves is ___. __…
246 terms
Pediatrics
Sodium
Hypernatremia
Hyponatremia
Potassium
135-145
thirst, restless, weak, dry mucous membranes, seizures
seizures (below 120), weakness, lathery, confusion
3.5-5.0
Sodium
135-145
Hypernatremia
thirst, restless, weak, dry mucous membranes, seizures
73 terms
Pediatrics
1 Give the average ages at which the f…
Social smile
Cooing
While prone, lifts head up 90°
MILESTONE AGE
1-2 mo
2-4 mo
3-4 mo
1 Give the average ages at which the f…
MILESTONE AGE
Social smile
1-2 mo
62 terms
Pediatrics
M-CHAT (Toddlers)... 1) High risk... 2) Medi…
M-CHAT: 6 "Critical" Questions (Toddle…
ADD and ADHD... 1) Describe... 2) Neurotrans…
ADD/ADHD ... 1) Physical Exam... 2) Speech a…
1) If suggestive of high risk (8-20) initiate referrals - ear…
Does your child...... 1) take an interest in other children?... 2)…
1) entities that are characterized by... distractibility, short…
1) No specific PE signs... 2) may be "louder" than one would exp…
M-CHAT (Toddlers)... 1) High risk... 2) Medi…
1) If suggestive of high risk (8-20) initiate referrals - ear…
M-CHAT: 6 "Critical" Questions (Toddle…
Does your child...... 1) take an interest in other children?... 2)…
44 terms
Pediatrics
Age 0-2 months
1st month of life weight gain
Age 0-2 months... Emotional development
0-2 months emotional development manag…
Physical development:... - 10% weight loss from birthweight in t…
- 1st week= 10% loss of birthweight... - 2nd week= regains and e…
Crying. ... 6 weeks= peaks... - Healthy infant cries 3 hours/day... 3…
- educate on prevent cues... - calm environment... - skin-skin cont…
Age 0-2 months
Physical development:... - 10% weight loss from birthweight in t…
1st month of life weight gain
- 1st week= 10% loss of birthweight... - 2nd week= regains and e…
33 terms
Pediatrics
Cerumen
Infant
neonate
circumcision
Ear wax
child between ages 1 month and 1 year
newborn baby to age 28 days
surgical removal of the prepuce
Cerumen
Ear wax
Infant
child between ages 1 month and 1 year
23 terms
Pediatrics
What factors influence Hg at birth?
What are risk factors for neonatal hyp…
How high does the Hct need to be to di…
What is the treatment for neonatal hyp…
What factors influence Hg at birth?
What are risk factors for neonatal hyp…
16 terms
Pediatrics
When is HBV vaccine administered?
When is DTaP vaccine series administer…
When is inactivated polio vaccine (IPV…
When is HIB administered? And what doe…
Birth, 1-2 months, 6-18 months.... -this completes the series
2 mos., 4 mos, 6mos, 15-18mos, 4-6 yrs
Same as DTaP
Same administration of DTaP. Common cause of meningitis, epig…
When is HBV vaccine administered?
Birth, 1-2 months, 6-18 months.... -this completes the series
When is DTaP vaccine series administer…
2 mos., 4 mos, 6mos, 15-18mos, 4-6 yrs
42 terms
Pediatrics
What is ataxia Talangiectasia?
What is neurofibromatosis?
What is Sturge-Webber syndrome?
What is tuberous sclerosis complex?
autosomal recessive condition characterized by progressive ch…
autosomal dominant disorder where the nerves tend to grow tum…
non inherited disorder characterized by vascular malformation…
multi-system genetic disease that causes benign tumors to gro…
What is ataxia Talangiectasia?
autosomal recessive condition characterized by progressive ch…
What is neurofibromatosis?
autosomal dominant disorder where the nerves tend to grow tum…
87 terms
Pediatrics
General approach to fever
What are the components of a full sept…
Pediatric vital signs
Signs of dehydration
- Blood Cx... - CBC w/ d... - Urine R&M + Cx... - LP... - CXR if resp sym…
General approach to fever
What are the components of a full sept…
- Blood Cx... - CBC w/ d... - Urine R&M + Cx... - LP... - CXR if resp sym…
87 terms
Pediatrics
General approach to fever
What are the components of a full sept…
Pediatric vital signs
Signs of dehydration
- Blood Cx... - CBC w/ d... - Urine R&M + Cx... - LP... - CXR if resp sym…
General approach to fever
What are the components of a full sept…
- Blood Cx... - CBC w/ d... - Urine R&M + Cx... - LP... - CXR if resp sym…
13 terms
Pediatrics
What are two things an infant can achi…
What age can an infant sit independent…
What age is an infant when they can st…
What age is an infant when they can Th…
Roll over and grasp for toy at 3.5 mos old
6 mos. old infant can sit up independently
7 mos. old an infant can stand and hold something
8 mo. old infant can thmb/finger grasp a toy
What are two things an infant can achi…
Roll over and grasp for toy at 3.5 mos old
What age can an infant sit independent…
6 mos. old infant can sit up independently
103 terms
Pediatrics
Beckwith-Weidemann Syndrome
Infant of diabetic mother
Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Macroglossia, macrosomia, omphalocele, ear creases, neonatal…
Hypoglycemia, polycythemia, hypocalcemia, jaundice, RDS, hypo…
Decreased vascular supply to femoral head causing avascular n…
Salter-Harris Type 1, often in obese, black, males
Beckwith-Weidemann Syndrome
Macroglossia, macrosomia, omphalocele, ear creases, neonatal…
Infant of diabetic mother
Hypoglycemia, polycythemia, hypocalcemia, jaundice, RDS, hypo…
42 terms
Pediatrics
What is considered a neonate?
An infant is described as:
The moro (startle) reflex should be pr…
Palmar grasp reflex should be present…
Birth-28 days
1 mo (28 days) to 12 mos old
Birth-4 months
Birth-3/4 months
What is considered a neonate?
Birth-28 days
An infant is described as:
1 mo (28 days) to 12 mos old
1 of 10