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Study sets matching "pedigrees"

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Study sets matching "pedigrees"

8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
6 terms
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant pedigree
autosomal recessive pedigree
x-linked dominant pedigree
x-linked recessive pedigree
autosomal dominant pedigree
autosomal recessive pedigree
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
13 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
13 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
11 terms
Pedigrees
karyotype
sex chromosomes
autosomal chromosomes
pedigree chart
a picture of chromosomes arranged in the way that biologists…
two of the 46 chromosomes are known as sex chromosomes becaus…
the remaining 44 chromosomes are known as autosomal chromosom…
a chart that shows the relationships within a family and can…
karyotype
a picture of chromosomes arranged in the way that biologists…
sex chromosomes
two of the 46 chromosomes are known as sex chromosomes becaus…
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
9 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
-Equal # of males/females have trait... -Does not show up often…
-Equal # of males/females show trait... -Trait cannot skip gener…
-More males have trait... -Females can only be carriers... -Males c…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
-Equal # of males/females have trait... -Does not show up often…
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
22 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
9 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
12 terms
Pedigrees
pedigree
square
circle
fully shaded
diagram of family relationships that uses symbols to represen…
male
female
exhibit trait
pedigree
diagram of family relationships that uses symbols to represen…
square
male
11 terms
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant
autosomal dominant
new mutation
autosomal recessive
autosomal dominant
autosomal dominant
5 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigrees
Autosomal Recessive Traits
Huntington's Disease
Phenylketonuria (PKU)
Diagrams showing sex, family relationships, and phenotypes of…
Only expressed by homozygous recessive genotypes. (Ex. Webbed…
Loss of muscle control
Can not break down amino acids
Pedigrees
Diagrams showing sex, family relationships, and phenotypes of…
Autosomal Recessive Traits
Only expressed by homozygous recessive genotypes. (Ex. Webbed…
8 terms
Pedigrees
• Males and females have the same chan…
• All daughters of a male who has the…
• Males and females are equally likely…
• The trait is more common in males th…
Autosomal recessive
X linked dominance
Autosomal dominance
X linked recessive
• Males and females have the same chan…
Autosomal recessive
• All daughters of a male who has the…
X linked dominance
Pedigrees
Pedigrees
female
male
Polygenic Trait
chart showing traits in families
Trait determined by many genes (hair color, skin color, eye c…
Pedigrees
chart showing traits in families
female
10 terms
Pedigrees
Autosomal Dominant
Autosomal Recessive
X-Linked Dominant
X-Linked Recessive
Both Sexes Equally affected ... Vertical Transmission ... Father -…
Both Sexes Equally affected ... No prior family history of disea…
Vertical Transmission... NO father - son... More Females ... Males can…
Disease skips generations due to carrier female... NO father - s…
Autosomal Dominant
Both Sexes Equally affected ... Vertical Transmission ... Father -…
Autosomal Recessive
Both Sexes Equally affected ... No prior family history of disea…
pedigrees
Pedigree
Carrier
X linked recessive
X linked dominant
A chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a famil…
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
-all of the sons of an affected female will suffer or have th…
only have to be heterozygous to express condition. fathers wi…
Pedigree
A chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a famil…
Carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
10 terms
Pedigrees
Homozygous Dominant
Heterozygous
Homozygous Recessive
Allele
Two dominant alleles (HH)
A dominant and a recessive allele (Hh)
Two recessive alleles (hh)
Variation of a gene
Homozygous Dominant
Two dominant alleles (HH)
Heterozygous
A dominant and a recessive allele (Hh)
9 terms
Pedigrees
What is a pedigree
Pedigree Symbols
Autosomal Dominant 1-22 Chromosomes
Autosomal Recessive
Shows a pattern of inheritance in a family for a specific tra…
AA has disease... Aa has disease... aa does not have disease... (23rd…
AA does not have diseases... Aa doesn't have diseases... aa has dis…
What is a pedigree
Shows a pattern of inheritance in a family for a specific tra…
Pedigree Symbols
5 terms
pedigrees
autosomal recessive
autosomal dominant
x linked recessive
x linked dominant
autosomal recessive
autosomal dominant
25 terms
Pedigrees
How can you see genetic inheritance th…
What is co-dominance?
What are sex-linked traits?
What are three sex linked recessive di…
By making a pedigree.
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
Sex-linked traits are traits controlled by genes on the sex c…
1) Color Blindness... 2) Hemophilia... 3) Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
How can you see genetic inheritance th…
By making a pedigree.
What is co-dominance?
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
7 terms
Pedigrees
What is a Pedigree?
What are the symbols on a Pedigree and…
What are the 3 types and what do they…
What does a Horizontal Line connecting…
A graphic representation of an individual's family tree that…
Square - Male ... Circle - Female... Shaded in = affected... Left blan…
Sex Linked: Carrier females or only males.... Autosomal Recessiv…
It means the male and female are mating.
What is a Pedigree?
A graphic representation of an individual's family tree that…
What are the symbols on a Pedigree and…
Square - Male ... Circle - Female... Shaded in = affected... Left blan…
10 terms
Pedigrees
What is co-dominance?
What are sex-linked traits?
How many chromosomes are on a normal h…
What shapes are on a pedigree?
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
Sex-linked traits are traits controlled by genes on the sex c…
23 pairs; 46 in total
circles and squares
What is co-dominance?
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
What are sex-linked traits?
Sex-linked traits are traits controlled by genes on the sex c…
9 terms
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant
autosomal recessive
consanguinity
ancestor paradox
never skips a generation, affected have 1+ affected parent, e…
often skips generations, more likely to appear among offsprin…
inbreeding
some shared alleles is expected in a local population due to…
autosomal dominant
never skips a generation, affected have 1+ affected parent, e…
autosomal recessive
often skips generations, more likely to appear among offsprin…
9 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Dominant
Male
Female
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
circle on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Dominant
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
19 terms
Pedigrees
ex
vg
G+
G
excellent: 90 - 100
very good:89 - 85
good: 84 - 80
average: 79 - 75
ex
excellent: 90 - 100
vg
very good:89 - 85
29 terms
Pedigrees
autosomal recessive disorder
most diseases develop in the _________…
3 diseases that have homo res disorder
incomplete dominance
disorder on nonsex chromo and has 2 res alleles
homo recessive
sickle cell anemia... phenylketonuria... cystic fibrosis
nonmendalian
autosomal recessive disorder
disorder on nonsex chromo and has 2 res alleles
most diseases develop in the _________…
homo recessive
16 terms
Pedigrees
May Skip Generations
1:1 distribution between sexes
Both parents affected all children aff…
Most affected individuals have normal…
Autosomal Recessive
Autosomal Recessive/Dominant
Autosomal Recessive
Autosomal Recessive
May Skip Generations
Autosomal Recessive
1:1 distribution between sexes
Autosomal Recessive/Dominant
8 terms
Pedigrees
Square
Pedigree
Purebred
Circle
The shape used to show a male
The visual chart showing only one trait
Another word for homozygous
The shape used to show a female
Square
The shape used to show a male
Pedigree
The visual chart showing only one trait
9 terms
PEDIGREES
Pedigree
Males
Females
Roman Numerals (I,II,III)
a chart which shows the relationship within a family
Square
Circle
Generations
Pedigree
a chart which shows the relationship within a family
Males
Square
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Autosomal dominant
Autosomal recessive
X-linked recessive
Non-disjuntion
One or both parents are affected. Many of the children are af…
Neither parent is affected. Few of the children are affected
Trait is primarily in males. It is often passed from grandfat…
When homologues fail to separate properly during meiosis I. E…
Autosomal dominant
One or both parents are affected. Many of the children are af…
Autosomal recessive
Neither parent is affected. Few of the children are affected
10 terms
pedigrees
pedigree
dominant
recessive
shapes
a chart that shows how a trait, and the genes that control it…
a _______ trait is one that (if present) always appears in a…
a________ trait is one that only shows if both parents contri…
______ indicate gender and colors signify whether or not they…
pedigree
a chart that shows how a trait, and the genes that control it…
dominant
a _______ trait is one that (if present) always appears in a…
8 terms
Pedigrees
most males affected
most females affected
50/50 ratio across sexes
a parent must have the disorder if
X-linked recessive
X-linked dominant
autosomal
dominant
most males affected
X-linked recessive
most females affected
X-linked dominant
12 terms
Pedigrees
AA x AA
AA x Aa
AA x aa
Aa x Aa
100% affected if autosomal dominant, 0% affected if autosomal…
100% affected if autosomal dominant, 0% affected if autosomal…
100% affected if autosomal dominant, 0% affected if autosomal…
75% affected if autosomal dominant, 25% affected if autosomal…
AA x AA
100% affected if autosomal dominant, 0% affected if autosomal…
AA x Aa
100% affected if autosomal dominant, 0% affected if autosomal…
8 terms
Pedigrees
allele
recessive
dominant
trait
A different form of a single gene that controls an inherited…
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
allele
A different form of a single gene that controls an inherited…
recessive
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Pedigree symbols
Pedigree types
X linked disorder
When genetic inheritance is represented by a picture, this is…
Circle is female... Square is male... Half shaded means it's a carr…
Pedigrees can be:... a.) autosomal... *There is a 50/50 ratio betw…
•*X-linked are carried by females, but not expressed in femal…
Pedigree
When genetic inheritance is represented by a picture, this is…
Pedigree symbols
Circle is female... Square is male... Half shaded means it's a carr…
24 terms
Pedigrees
what are pedigrees
why are pedigrees used
autosomal
sex linked... -x linked (recessive)
pedigrees are family trees that indicate the phenotype of one…
used to determine how a particular trait is inherited
not on a sex chromosome
sons inherit diseases from their mothers
what are pedigrees
pedigrees are family trees that indicate the phenotype of one…
why are pedigrees used
used to determine how a particular trait is inherited
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
19 terms
Pedigrees
Father to son transmission
- Affected children receive from affec…
- Vertical inheritance
- 50% affected, 50% normal
AD and Y-Linked
AD or X-Linked Dominant or Y-Linked
AD and X-Linked Dominant
AD
Father to son transmission
AD and Y-Linked
- Affected children receive from affec…
AD or X-Linked Dominant or Y-Linked
Pedigrees
Consanguinity
Compound Heterozygote
Law of Unit Inheritance
Law of Segregation
- relationship b/w individuals that share blood
autosomal recessive condition w/ 2 mutations, 1 in each allel…
- parental characteristics do not blend b/c there is a unit o…
- the two alleles at a particular locus segregate into differ…
Consanguinity
- relationship b/w individuals that share blood
Compound Heterozygote
autosomal recessive condition w/ 2 mutations, 1 in each allel…
12 terms
Pedigrees
What do pedigrees allow?
Autosomal Inheritance
Autosomal Dominant
Autosomal Dominant Example
genetics to trace 2 types of imheritance
traits &/or disorders on the 1st- 22nd pairs of chromosomes (…
NO CARRIES: trait/disorders expressed in the homozygous domin…
huntington's disease
What do pedigrees allow?
genetics to trace 2 types of imheritance
Autosomal Inheritance
traits &/or disorders on the 1st- 22nd pairs of chromosomes (…
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