Study sets matching "pedigrees"

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Study sets matching "pedigrees"

8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
6 terms
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant pedigree
autosomal recessive pedigree
x-linked dominant pedigree
x-linked recessive pedigree
autosomal dominant pedigree
autosomal recessive pedigree
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
13 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
Pedigrees
What is a Pedigree?
What are the symbols on a Pedigree and…
What are the 3 types and what do they…
What does a Horizontal Line connecting…
A graphic representation of an individual's family tree that…
Square - Male ... Circle - Female... Shaded in = affected... Left blan…
Sex Linked: Carrier females or only males.... Autosomal Recessiv…
It means the male and female are mating.
What is a Pedigree?
A graphic representation of an individual's family tree that…
What are the symbols on a Pedigree and…
Square - Male ... Circle - Female... Shaded in = affected... Left blan…
Pedigrees
karyotype
sex chromosomes
autosomal chromosomes
pedigree chart
a picture of chromosomes arranged in the way that biologists…
two of the 46 chromosomes are known as sex chromosomes becaus…
the remaining 44 chromosomes are known as autosomal chromosom…
a chart that shows the relationships within a family and can…
karyotype
a picture of chromosomes arranged in the way that biologists…
sex chromosomes
two of the 46 chromosomes are known as sex chromosomes becaus…
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
recessive pedigree
dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
-Equal # of males/females have trait... -Does not show up often…
-Equal # of males/females show trait... -Trait cannot skip gener…
-More males have trait... -Females can only be carriers... -Males c…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
-Equal # of males/females have trait... -Does not show up often…
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
22 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
Recessive
Dominant
Male
Female
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
circle on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Dominant
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
9 terms
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant
autosomal recessive
consanguinity
ancestor paradox
never skips a generation, affected have 1+ affected parent, e…
often skips generations, more likely to appear among offsprin…
inbreeding
some shared alleles is expected in a local population due to…
autosomal dominant
never skips a generation, affected have 1+ affected parent, e…
autosomal recessive
often skips generations, more likely to appear among offsprin…
13 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
8 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
5 terms
pedigrees
squares
circle
have trait
line bw male and female
male
female
shaded
marriage
squares
male
circle
female
Pedigrees
• Males and females have the same chan…
• All daughters of a male who has the…
• Males and females are equally likely…
• The trait is more common in males th…
Autosomal recessive
X linked dominance
Autosomal dominance
X linked recessive
• Males and females have the same chan…
Autosomal recessive
• All daughters of a male who has the…
X linked dominance
pedigrees
Pedigree Chart
row
circle
square
Visual representation of how a... trait is transmitted from gene…
generation
female
male
Pedigree Chart
Visual representation of how a... trait is transmitted from gene…
row
generation
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Autosomal dominant pedigree
Sex-linked pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Equal # of males/females show trait... Can be rare, but will sho…
More males have trait... Females can only be carriers... Males cann…
Pedigree
Family tree showing inheritance of traits
Autosomal recessive pedigree
Equal # of males/females have trait... Usually rare... Does not sho…
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant pedigree
autosomal recessive pedigree
x-linked dominant pedigree
x-linked recessive pedigree
autosomal dominant pedigree
autosomal recessive pedigree
29 terms
Pedigrees
pedigree, inheritance
parents
children
siblings
A __________________ is a family tree used to look at the ___…
On a pedigree, _______________ are on the top row
On a pedigree, ______________ are on the bottom row
What does this show?
pedigree, inheritance
A __________________ is a family tree used to look at the ___…
parents
On a pedigree, _______________ are on the top row
Pedigrees
Pedigrees
female
male
Polygenic Trait
chart showing traits in families
Trait determined by many genes (hair color, skin color, eye c…
Pedigrees
chart showing traits in families
female
15 terms
Pedigrees
Recessive
Sex-Linked
Dominant
Male
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
if the trait is found in every generation, then the trait is…
square on the pedigree
Recessive
If the trait is NOT shown in the parents, but is present in t…
Sex-Linked
if the trait skips a generation and has a pattern of male to…
Pedigrees
Autosomal Dominant
Autosomal Recessive
X-Linked Dominant
X-Linked Recessive
Both Sexes Equally affected ... Vertical Transmission ... Father -…
Both Sexes Equally affected ... No prior family history of disea…
Vertical Transmission... NO father - son... More Females ... Males can…
Disease skips generations due to carrier female... NO father - s…
Autosomal Dominant
Both Sexes Equally affected ... Vertical Transmission ... Father -…
Autosomal Recessive
Both Sexes Equally affected ... No prior family history of disea…
Pedigrees
Autosomal Dominant
Autosomal Recessive
X-linked Dominant
X-linked Recessive
-does not skip generations... -unaffected parents can't have aff…
-if both parents are affected, all children are affected
-if father has it all daughters have it
-if mom has it all sons have it
Autosomal Dominant
-does not skip generations... -unaffected parents can't have aff…
Autosomal Recessive
-if both parents are affected, all children are affected
Pedigrees
Homozygous Dominant
Heterozygous
Homozygous Recessive
Allele
Two dominant alleles (HH)
A dominant and a recessive allele (Hh)
Two recessive alleles (hh)
Variation of a gene
Homozygous Dominant
Two dominant alleles (HH)
Heterozygous
A dominant and a recessive allele (Hh)
Pedigrees
Pedigrees
Autosomal traits
Sex-linked traits
Genetic carrier
a chart that shows a trait in a family and how it is inherited
A trait coded by a gene on an autosomal chromosome, meaning t…
Traits controlled by genes located on sex chromosomes.
someone who does not show a disease but carries the recessive…
Pedigrees
a chart that shows a trait in a family and how it is inherited
Autosomal traits
A trait coded by a gene on an autosomal chromosome, meaning t…
Pedigrees
What is a pedigree
Pedigree Symbols
Autosomal Dominant 1-22 Chromosomes
Autosomal Recessive
Shows a pattern of inheritance in a family for a specific tra…
AA has disease... Aa has disease... aa does not have disease... (23rd…
AA does not have diseases... Aa doesn't have diseases... aa has dis…
What is a pedigree
Shows a pattern of inheritance in a family for a specific tra…
Pedigree Symbols
pedigrees
Pedigree
Carrier
X linked recessive
X linked dominant
A chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a famil…
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
-all of the sons of an affected female will suffer or have th…
only have to be heterozygous to express condition. fathers wi…
Pedigree
A chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a famil…
Carrier
A person who has one recessive allele for a trait, but does n…
Pedigrees
autosomal dominant
autosomal recessive
X-linked recessive
X-linked dominant
never skips a generation, affected have 1+ affected parent, e…
often skips generations, more likely to appear among offsprin…
appears more in males, does NOT pass from father to son, male…
males & females affected (but more females), doesn't skip a g…
autosomal dominant
never skips a generation, affected have 1+ affected parent, e…
autosomal recessive
often skips generations, more likely to appear among offsprin…
25 terms
Pedigrees
How can you see genetic inheritance th…
What is co-dominance?
What are sex-linked traits?
What are three sex linked recessive di…
By making a pedigree.
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
Sex-linked traits are traits controlled by genes on the sex c…
1) Color Blindness... 2) Hemophilia... 3) Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
How can you see genetic inheritance th…
By making a pedigree.
What is co-dominance?
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
10 terms
Pedigrees
What is co-dominance?
What are sex-linked traits?
How many chromosomes are on a normal h…
What shapes are on a pedigree?
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
Sex-linked traits are traits controlled by genes on the sex c…
23 pairs; 46 in total
circles and squares
What is co-dominance?
Co-dominance is when two dominant traits are expressed.
What are sex-linked traits?
Sex-linked traits are traits controlled by genes on the sex c…
6 terms
Pedigrees
concordance
monozygotic twins
proband
Consanguineous
the probability that a pair of individuals will both have a c…
twins that developed from a single zygote, which splits and f…
an individual affected with a disorder who is the first subje…
to be relate by blood
concordance
the probability that a pair of individuals will both have a c…
monozygotic twins
twins that developed from a single zygote, which splits and f…
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Empty square
Half filled in square
Filled in square
Diagram used to trace inheritance of a particular trait throu…
Normal male
Carrier male
Afflicted male
Pedigree
Diagram used to trace inheritance of a particular trait throu…
Empty square
Normal male
Pedigrees
autosomal trait
sex-linked trait
pedigree
generations
a trait on no -sex chromosome (autosome); seen in both males…
a trait on a sex chromosome;seen mainly in males
a diagram where a trait is traced through several generations…
represented by Roman numeral on a pedigree
autosomal trait
a trait on no -sex chromosome (autosome); seen in both males…
sex-linked trait
a trait on a sex chromosome;seen mainly in males
Pedigrees
Pedigrees
genotypes, phenotypes, square, circle
Unshaded , dominant
Shaded , recessive
a chart that shows family inheritance patterns
Pedigrees... - used to identify ___ on family ____... - ___ is a ma…
______ shape does not have the trait, normally ___
____ shape has the trait, usually ___
Pedigrees
a chart that shows family inheritance patterns
genotypes, phenotypes, square, circle
Pedigrees... - used to identify ___ on family ____... - ___ is a ma…
Pedigrees
Pedrigrees
Mating line
Offspring line
Sibling line
Charts used to show the history of a family as it pertains to…
designates a relationship between 2 individuals who have prod…
designates those individuals that are the offspring of a part…
designates brothers and sisters within a family
Pedrigrees
Charts used to show the history of a family as it pertains to…
Mating line
designates a relationship between 2 individuals who have prod…
22 terms
Pedigrees
pedigree
reason for creating pedigrees
data to collect on first, second third…
autosomal dominant inheritance
graphic representation of a family that diagrams the inherita…
way to communicate a significant amount of information quickl…
current age/age at death, cause of death, history of signific…
males and females equally likely to be affected... affected peo…
pedigree
graphic representation of a family that diagrams the inherita…
reason for creating pedigrees
way to communicate a significant amount of information quickl…
12 terms
pedigrees
womens shape
mens shape
is shape is filled in
shape 1/2 filled in
Circle
square
it is affected
carriers
womens shape
Circle
mens shape
square
7 terms
Pedigrees
A circle represents a ___
A square represents a ____
A half shaded circle or square indicat…
A completely shaded circle or square i…
Female
Male
Carrier (Heterozygous)
Has the trait
A circle represents a ___
Female
A square represents a ____
Male
12 terms
Pedigrees
pedigree
square
circle
fully shaded
diagram of family relationships that uses symbols to represen…
male
female
exhibit trait
pedigree
diagram of family relationships that uses symbols to represen…
square
male
16 terms
Pedigrees
May Skip Generations
1:1 distribution between sexes
Both parents affected all children aff…
Most affected individuals have normal…
Autosomal Recessive
Autosomal Recessive/Dominant
Autosomal Recessive
Autosomal Recessive
May Skip Generations
Autosomal Recessive
1:1 distribution between sexes
Autosomal Recessive/Dominant
7 terms
Pedigrees
Pedigree
Determining Genotype
Methods of inheritance
Autosomal Dominant
A graphic illustration of genetic inheritance (looks similar…
1. Label recessive traits... 2. Find heterozygote parents for re…
Autosomal Dominant... Autosomal Recessive... Sex - linked Dominant…
Trait appears in each generation... Males and females are equall…
Pedigree
A graphic illustration of genetic inheritance (looks similar…
Determining Genotype
1. Label recessive traits... 2. Find heterozygote parents for re…
pedigrees
normal m
affected m
normal f
affected f
square
colored square
circle
colored circle
normal m
square
affected m
colored square
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