Study sets matching "perception"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "perception"

10 terms
Perception
Pop out effect
Context effect
Visual capture
Depth perception
Amongst all the black and silver sedans, the yellow Porsche w…
When Jake received a text that said "their ready", he knew th…
Even though the sounds comes from the ventriloquist, we often…
Gibson's visual cliff experiment involving seeing if babies w…
Pop out effect
Amongst all the black and silver sedans, the yellow Porsche w…
Context effect
When Jake received a text that said "their ready", he knew th…
25 terms
Perception
Perception
Connectedness
Binocular Cues
Monocular Cues
the process of organization and interpreting sensory informat…
Because they are uniform and linked, we perceive each set of…
depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depends on the us…
depth cues that depend on the use of one eye
Perception
the process of organization and interpreting sensory informat…
Connectedness
Because they are uniform and linked, we perceive each set of…
15 terms
Perception
Signal-detection theory
Hit
false positive
false negative
Theory predicting when we will detect stimuli from noise base…
when you get it correct
when we think we perceive a stimulus that is not there
Not perceiving a stimulus that is present.
Signal-detection theory
Theory predicting when we will detect stimuli from noise base…
Hit
when you get it correct
Perception
Figure-Ground
Reversible Figures
Impossible Figures
Gestalt Grouping Principles
You distinguish the object from the background
Figures that you can be perceived in more than one way
two demential figures that we perceive as three demential
our ability to perceive overall patterns
Figure-Ground
You distinguish the object from the background
Reversible Figures
Figures that you can be perceived in more than one way
38 terms
Perception
wholes
Figure-Ground
Grouping
proximity, similarity, continuity, con…
Gestalt psychologists emphasized human tendency to put inform…
The organization of the visual fields into objects that stand…
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent gro…
five characteristics of perceptual "grouping"
wholes
Gestalt psychologists emphasized human tendency to put inform…
Figure-Ground
The organization of the visual fields into objects that stand…
42 terms
Perception
Selective Attention
Cocktail Party Effect
Change Blindness
Muller-Lyer Illusion
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
You only pay attention to the conversation that you are in bu…
the tendency to fail to detect changes in any part of a scene…
The lines are the same size but the brain does not perceive t…
Selective Attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
Cocktail Party Effect
You only pay attention to the conversation that you are in bu…
23 terms
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Difference Threshold
Sensory Adaptation
After Image
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detec…
diminished sensitivity as a consequence of constant stimulation
an image that remains after a stimulus is removed, especially…
Absolute Threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
Difference Threshold
the minimum difference between two stimuli required for detec…
Perception
perception
selective attention
forms or selective attention
cocktail party effect
how we organize and interpret sensory information
we can only focus awareness on a limited part of what we are…
cocktail party effect and inattentional blindness (change bli…
type of selective attention in which you can attend to only o…
perception
how we organize and interpret sensory information
selective attention
we can only focus awareness on a limited part of what we are…
10 terms
Perception
Koffka
Gibson
Marr
Marr & Hildreth
Gestalt school of thought. Stated that " of several geometric…
Advanced an ecological approach to perception. Considered bot…
Bottom up theory using computer based models and algorithms w…
Successfully used an algorithm to locate the edge of objects,…
Koffka
Gestalt school of thought. Stated that " of several geometric…
Gibson
Advanced an ecological approach to perception. Considered bot…
Perception
Gestalt Psychology
Necker Cube
Muller-Lyer Illusion
Hermann grid
People organize things into groups.
An optical illusion where we think we see a cube when it is j…
Two identical lines appear to have different lines.
Dots seem to change from white to black when you stare at them.
Gestalt Psychology
People organize things into groups.
Necker Cube
An optical illusion where we think we see a cube when it is j…
19 terms
Perception
selective attention
inattentional blindness
visual capture
gestalt
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole; emphasizes our tendency to integrate piec…
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
Perception
Figure-Ground Relationships
Grouping
Depth Perception
Perceptual Constancy
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into understandab…
The ability to see in three dimensions and judge distance (bi…
Perceiving the size, shape, and lightness of an object as unc…
Figure-Ground Relationships
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
Grouping
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into understandab…
26 terms
Perception
Perception
Retina
Rods
Cones
The way the brain makes sense of the visual image detected by…
The light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye which is mad…
Cells which detect light and are able to work in dim-light.
Cells which detect different colours of light and only work i…
Perception
The way the brain makes sense of the visual image detected by…
Retina
The light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye which is mad…
20 terms
Perception
What is perception?
Sensory receptors
perceptual systems
Visual perception principles
The mental process of organising and interpreting sensory sti…
specialised neurons located in sense organs that detect and r…
what we can see, hear, smell, taste or feel.
rules our brain automatically uses to help organise and inter…
What is perception?
The mental process of organising and interpreting sensory sti…
Sensory receptors
specialised neurons located in sense organs that detect and r…
29 terms
Perception
Perception
Gestalt principal
Figured ground
Proximity
-The organization and interpretation of sensory information o…
-Emphasized the mechanisms by which human beings create perce…
-Aspect of a visual image upon which a person focuses, while…
-Tens to group figures together that are near one another... -Ex…
Perception
-The organization and interpretation of sensory information o…
Gestalt principal
-Emphasized the mechanisms by which human beings create perce…
35 terms
Perception
Perception is not
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
Perception uses both
Objective
The construction of perceptions from individual pieces of inf…
The influence of prior knowledge into play to make perception…
Bottom-up and top-down processing (neither is sufficient on i…
Perception is not
Objective
Bottom-up Processing
The construction of perceptions from individual pieces of inf…
25 terms
perception
perception
size constancy
color constancy
motivation and attention
the process of assembling and organizing sensory information…
the ability to retain the size of an object regardless of whe…
the ability to perceive an object as the same regardless of t…
we do not perceive everything in out environment; our environ…
perception
the process of assembling and organizing sensory information…
size constancy
the ability to retain the size of an object regardless of whe…
Perception
perception
Gestalt
figure/ground
perceptual inferences
organization of sensory info into meaning wholes/experiences
in perception, the experience that comes from organizing bits…
division of the visual field into two distinct parts, one bei…
process of assuming, from past experience, that certain objec…
perception
organization of sensory info into meaning wholes/experiences
Gestalt
in perception, the experience that comes from organizing bits…
Perception
Context
Umwelt
Illusions
Perceptual Constancy
Determines how we see things
The perceptual world (everything around you has meaning to it)
Distortions in the way we perceive things.
Perceive a stable world despite ambiguous sensory information…
Context
Determines how we see things
Umwelt
The perceptual world (everything around you has meaning to it)
47 terms
Perception
selective attention
cocktail-party effect
in-attentional blindness
visual capture
focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
ability to focus attention selectively on one voice among many
failing to see visible objects when our attention is elsewher…
tendency of vision to dominate other senses
selective attention
focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
cocktail-party effect
ability to focus attention selectively on one voice among many
13 terms
Perception
Selective attention
Gestalt
Figure-ground
Perceptual set
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
Selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Gestalt
An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
61 terms
Perception
perception
ecological view
constructionist view
computational view
the interpretation of information
perception is based on what the environment presents to us
people construct their perception from fragments of sensory i…
the nervous system computes sensory information into percepti…
perception
the interpretation of information
ecological view
perception is based on what the environment presents to us
Perception
The problem with perception
Why is perception indirect?
Optic Flow
Neuro imaging
Stimuli are inherently ambiguous (many different objects coul…
It requires "information processing"
Pattern of motion of objects, surfaces, and edges caused by t…
fMRI and PET-examining which parts of the brain are active du…
The problem with perception
Stimuli are inherently ambiguous (many different objects coul…
Why is perception indirect?
It requires "information processing"
25 terms
Perception
Sensory / Decision process
d' equation
Xc equation (mean to decision criteria)
c equation (response bias)
sensory: sensitivity... decision: criterion, bias
d'=z(hr)-z(far)
Xc=-z(far)
c= z(hr)+z(far)/2
Sensory / Decision process
sensory: sensitivity... decision: criterion, bias
d' equation
d'=z(hr)-z(far)
50 terms
Perception
Perception
Bottom-Up Processing
Top-Down Processing
Psychophysics
The process of organizing and interptreting sensory informati…
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
The study of relationships between the physical characteristi…
Perception
The process of organizing and interptreting sensory informati…
Bottom-Up Processing
Analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up…
27 terms
Perception
volley principle
absolute threshold
Just noticeable difference
Weber's Law
auditory neurons fire impulses in rapid succession, alternati…
point you can detect a stimulus 50% of the time
smallest difference in the amount of stimulation that a speci…
the size of the just noticeable difference is in constant pro…
volley principle
auditory neurons fire impulses in rapid succession, alternati…
absolute threshold
point you can detect a stimulus 50% of the time
19 terms
perception
1selective attention
2.inattentional blindness
3.visual capture
4.gestalt
the focusing on conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses... ex: BA v…
an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
1selective attention
the focusing on conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
2.inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
45 terms
Perception
Perception
Acuity
Visual Fields
Visual Fields
how you interpret sensory input, the mechanism by which the b…
20/20 is normal... 20/80 is low vision
Are split in temporal, nasal, superior, inferior
Screened by confrontation testing, ... Normal limits of the 4 qu…
Perception
how you interpret sensory input, the mechanism by which the b…
Acuity
20/20 is normal... 20/80 is low vision
46 terms
Perception
Perception
Binocular cues
Brightness contrast
Closure
interpretation of stimuli
using 2 eyes
increase/decrease in an objects apparent brightness
ability to imagine rest of an incomplete picture
Perception
interpretation of stimuli
Binocular cues
using 2 eyes
Perception
psychophysics
perceptual process
How do we perceive?
behavioral neuroscience (behavioral ps…
the scientific study of the relationship between the physical…
is a sequence of processes that work together to determine ou…
Information (light, sound, etc.) > Sensation (raw data - info…
studies the neural mechanisms underlying behavior
psychophysics
the scientific study of the relationship between the physical…
perceptual process
is a sequence of processes that work together to determine ou…
37 terms
Perception
Perception
Size Constancy
Shape Constancy
Proximity
the brain interprets and organizes sensory information. (When…
perceived size of an object stays the same even though the re…
perceived shape of an object stays the same even though the r…
stimuli that are near each will be perceived as belonging to…
Perception
the brain interprets and organizes sensory information. (When…
Size Constancy
perceived size of an object stays the same even though the re…
perception
Perceptual Process
Selective Attention
Organize
Interpretation
the three step way everyone interprets the world
choosing what stimuli to pay ... attention to
group those stimuli into things like it
put meaning behind those groups
Perceptual Process
the three step way everyone interprets the world
Selective Attention
choosing what stimuli to pay ... attention to
21 terms
Perception
Perception
Perceptual Organisation
The Necker Cube
Law of Proximity
Apprehend and Interpret
Perceive and best guesses
Perception
Apprehend and Interpret
Perceptual Organisation
Perceive and best guesses
19 terms
Perception
selective attention
inattentional blindness
visual capture
gestalt
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
12 terms
Perception
Objective
Passive
Subjective
Reality
We all are influenced by the same reality
You can't turn off your senses
Each one of us experiences the world differently than others
we all have our own perception of reality
Objective
We all are influenced by the same reality
Passive
You can't turn off your senses
20 terms
Perception
What is perception?
Sensory receptors
perceptual systems
Visual perception principles
The mental process of organising and interpreting sensory sti…
specialised neurons located in sense organs that detect and r…
what we can see, hear, smell, taste or feel.
rules our brain automatically uses to help organise and inter…
What is perception?
The mental process of organising and interpreting sensory sti…
Sensory receptors
specialised neurons located in sense organs that detect and r…
28 terms
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Just noticeable difference (JND)
Amplitude
Wavelength
The minimum intensity of a stimulus at which participants can…
The minimum change in intensity of a stimulus that participan…
The height of a wavelength
The distance between two wave peaks
Absolute Threshold
The minimum intensity of a stimulus at which participants can…
Just noticeable difference (JND)
The minimum change in intensity of a stimulus that participan…
83 terms
Perception
Perception
Selective Attention
what is the auditory version of the fi…
cocktail party effect
The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensor…
Perceptions about objects change from moment to... moment. We ca…
the cocktail party effect in which the figure is the sound on…
the ability to focus one's listening attention on a single ta…
Perception
The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensor…
Selective Attention
Perceptions about objects change from moment to... moment. We ca…
45 terms
Perception
Selective Attention
Inattentional blindness
Visual capture
Gestalt
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
German word for "whole", it refers to our tendency to perceiv…
Selective Attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
Inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
18 terms
Perception
absolute threshold
depth perception
perceptual constancy
retinal disparity
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the i…
perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent lightness…
a binocular cue for perceiving depth; by comparing images fro…
absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
depth perception
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the i…
Perception
Psychophysics
Absolute threshold/detection threshold
Difference threshold/Just noticeable d…
Weber-Fechner Law
Scientific investigation of relationships between physical st…
- At 50% detection rate... - The minimum stimulus discriminated…
- The minimal change in a stimulus that can just barely be de…
- The just noticeable difference of a stimulus is a constant…
Psychophysics
Scientific investigation of relationships between physical st…
Absolute threshold/detection threshold
- At 50% detection rate... - The minimum stimulus discriminated…
30 terms
Perception
Drivers detect traffic signals more sl…
The fact that perceptions involve more…
The way in which you quickly group the…
Monocular cue is to _______ as binocul…
B
A
B
C
Drivers detect traffic signals more sl…
B
The fact that perceptions involve more…
A
Perception
Renee Descartes
What is Descartes' problem?
His senses can't be trusted (Descartes…
Existence as a grand illusion (Descart…
French mathematician and philosopher that is famous for the q…
Descartes doubts existence.
sensory experiences can be hallucinated or imagined, no speci…
his feeling of existence could be a deception, trick of a "de…
Renee Descartes
French mathematician and philosopher that is famous for the q…
What is Descartes' problem?
Descartes doubts existence.
Perception
Define Perception
Define interpersonal perception
What are the three processes of percep…
Define Selection in perception process
the arousal of any of our senses
the arousal of our senses followed by interpretation
selection, organization, interpretation
deciding which perceptions to attend to.. ex) 911 example, we…
Define Perception
the arousal of any of our senses
Define interpersonal perception
the arousal of our senses followed by interpretation
Perception
Sensation vs. Perception
Perceptual Constances
Depth Percerption
Figure-Ground Organization
The mental process of organizing sensations into meaningful p…
1. Size (size stays the same regardless of changes of image)…
Ability to see 3D space and to accurately judge distances
Gestalt; part of a stimulus appears to stand out as an object…
Sensation vs. Perception
The mental process of organizing sensations into meaningful p…
Perceptual Constances
1. Size (size stays the same regardless of changes of image)…
20 terms
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
Detection Recognition
Pattern Recognition
Perception driven by characteristics of the environmental sti…
Perception driven by expectations of the observer... Eg. "circus…
Noticing (seeing/hearing) something in the environment... Eg. Se…
Interpreting what it is... Eg. Meaning of Stimulus - Signal Dete…
Bottom-up Processing
Perception driven by characteristics of the environmental sti…
Top-down Processing
Perception driven by expectations of the observer... Eg. "circus…
53 terms
Perception
Sensory information is sensed by 4 cha…
Weber's Law
Fechner Extension
Stevens modification
1. Modality: type of energy/receptor... 2. Location: ... 3. Intensi…
delta S = K * S... delta S=minimum difference in strength... K = co…
I = K * log(S/So)... I = intensity of sensation... S0 = lower stimu…
I = K * (S-S0)^n
Sensory information is sensed by 4 cha…
1. Modality: type of energy/receptor... 2. Location: ... 3. Intensi…
Weber's Law
delta S = K * S... delta S=minimum difference in strength... K = co…
50 terms
Perception
Perception
Attention
Selective Attention
Bottom up processing
the process by which the brain interprets sensory information…
the first step in perception
You limit your attention to certain stimuli while filtering o…
the brain pieces together features of shapes such as angels a…
Perception
the process by which the brain interprets sensory information…
Attention
the first step in perception
14 terms
Perception
Monocular Cues
Binocular
Stereopsis
Motion Parallax
Only one eye needed to see depth
Both eyes needed
B.
M.
Monocular Cues
Only one eye needed to see depth
Binocular
Both eyes needed
19 terms
Perception
1. What is perception?
2. Define sensation.
1. What is the meaning of Gestalt?
2. What is the figure-ground principle?
Perception is the process by which sensory information is act…
Sensation is the process through which the senses detect visu…
Gestalt - the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
identifying a figure from the background.
1. What is perception?
Perception is the process by which sensory information is act…
2. Define sensation.
Sensation is the process through which the senses detect visu…
2 of 10