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Study sets matching "perception"

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Study sets matching "perception"

29 terms
Perception
Gestalt Psychology
Necker Cube
Muller-Lyer Illusion
Hermann grid
People organize things into groups.
An optical illusion where we think we see a cube when it is j…
Two identical lines appear to have different lines.
Dots seem to change from white to black when you stare at them.
Gestalt Psychology
People organize things into groups.
Necker Cube
An optical illusion where we think we see a cube when it is j…
35 terms
Perception
Perception
Vision
Smell
Sound
- process by which sensations are selected, organized, and in…
use of color and visual cues; typically the driving force of…
odors and fragrances
music, jingles, and words
Perception
- process by which sensations are selected, organized, and in…
Vision
use of color and visual cues; typically the driving force of…
41 terms
Perception
Sensation
Perception
Reception
Transduction
the process by which our sense organs and receptors detect an…
the process by which we give meaning to the sensory informati…
The process of detecting and responding to incoming sensory i…
a process by which the receptors change the energy of the det…
Sensation
the process by which our sense organs and receptors detect an…
Perception
the process by which we give meaning to the sensory informati…
47 terms
perception
selective attention
inattentional blindness
cocktail party affect
change blindness
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
selective attention where you have the ability to attend to o…
when someone giving you directions is replaced by another but…
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus…
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
14 terms
perception
absolute threshold
just noticeable difference
weber's law
signal detection theory
the minimal stimuli that are required to activate of 50%of th…
minimal noticeable difference of two stimuli the
I = 2kg ... delta I = 0.2 kg the incrament of weights ... e.g. The…
a hit, a miss, a false alarm and a correct rejection
absolute threshold
the minimal stimuli that are required to activate of 50%of th…
just noticeable difference
minimal noticeable difference of two stimuli the
13 terms
perception
body scheme
depth perception
figure ground
form constancy
acquiring an internal awareness of the body and relationship…
determining the relative distance between objects, figures, o…
differentiating between foreground and background forms and o…
recognizing forms and objects as the same in various environm…
body scheme
acquiring an internal awareness of the body and relationship…
depth perception
determining the relative distance between objects, figures, o…
35 terms
Perception
Perception is not
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
Perception uses both
Objective
The construction of perceptions from individual pieces of inf…
The influence of prior knowledge into play to make perception…
Bottom-up and top-down processing (neither is sufficient on i…
Perception is not
Objective
Bottom-up Processing
The construction of perceptions from individual pieces of inf…
25 terms
perception
perception
size constancy
color constancy
motivation and attention
the process of assembling and organizing sensory information…
the ability to retain the size of an object regardless of whe…
the ability to perceive an object as the same regardless of t…
we do not perceive everything in out environment; our environ…
perception
the process of assembling and organizing sensory information…
size constancy
the ability to retain the size of an object regardless of whe…
47 terms
Perception
selective attention
cocktail-party effect
in-attentional blindness
visual capture
focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
ability to focus attention selectively on one voice among many
failing to see visible objects when our attention is elsewher…
tendency of vision to dominate other senses
selective attention
focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
cocktail-party effect
ability to focus attention selectively on one voice among many
15 terms
Perception
perception
Gestalt
figure/ground
perceptual inferences
organization of sensory info into meaning wholes/experiences
in perception, the experience that comes from organizing bits…
division of the visual field into two distinct parts, one bei…
process of assuming, from past experience, that certain objec…
perception
organization of sensory info into meaning wholes/experiences
Gestalt
in perception, the experience that comes from organizing bits…
13 terms
Perception
Selective attention
Gestalt
Figure-ground
Perceptual set
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another
Selective attention
The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
Gestalt
An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
19 terms
Perception
selective attention
inattentional blindness
visual capture
gestalt
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole; emphasizes our tendency to integrate piec…
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
14 terms
perception
Perceptual Process
Selective Attention
Organize
Interpretation
the three step way everyone interprets the world
choosing what stimuli to pay ... attention to
group those stimuli into things like it
put meaning behind those groups
Perceptual Process
the three step way everyone interprets the world
Selective Attention
choosing what stimuli to pay ... attention to
19 terms
perception
1selective attention
2.inattentional blindness
3.visual capture
4.gestalt
the focusing on conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses... ex: BA v…
an organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
1selective attention
the focusing on conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
2.inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
11 terms
perception
limited attention
multiple goals
selective perception
cognitive dissonance theory
For one individual to 100% quickly and accurately process all…
A decision situation which alternatives are evaluated with se…
the phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to th…
the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance)…
limited attention
For one individual to 100% quickly and accurately process all…
multiple goals
A decision situation which alternatives are evaluated with se…
26 terms
Perception
Absorption
Reflection
Refraction
Optic disk
Getting absorbed by something else
A mirror image
Bending of a wave or light
Responsible for carrying impulses for the sense of sight from…
Absorption
Getting absorbed by something else
Reflection
A mirror image
21 terms
Perception
Perception
Perceptual Organisation
The Necker Cube
Law of Proximity
Apprehend and Interpret
Perceive and best guesses
Perception
Apprehend and Interpret
Perceptual Organisation
Perceive and best guesses
Perception
sensation
perception
retina
cones
simple stimulation of a sense organ
the organization, identification and interpretation of a sens…
part of eye that absorbs light
part of eye that is responsible for high resolution and color…
sensation
simple stimulation of a sense organ
perception
the organization, identification and interpretation of a sens…
99 terms
Perception
psychophysics
perceptual process
How do we perceive?
behavioral neuroscience (behavioral ps…
the scientific study of the relationship between the physical…
is a sequence of processes that work together to determine ou…
Information (light, sound, etc.) > Sensation (raw data - info…
studies the neural mechanisms underlying behavior
psychophysics
the scientific study of the relationship between the physical…
perceptual process
is a sequence of processes that work together to determine ou…
58 terms
Perception
Perception
Sensation
Wavelength
Amplitude
Experiences resulting from stimulation of the senses
Process of receiving, translating, and transmitting raw senso…
The distance between successive peaks. Determines frequency (…
The height from midline to peak. Determines brightness and in…
Perception
Experiences resulting from stimulation of the senses
Sensation
Process of receiving, translating, and transmitting raw senso…
62 terms
Perception
Psychological approach
Biological approach
CAT scans
evoked potentials
phenomenal/naturalistic, experimental
Lesion technique, evoked potentials, brain scan techniques, s…
computer-assisted tomography: brain is x-rayed and a computer…
Sees what electrical activity is related to perceptual proces…
Psychological approach
phenomenal/naturalistic, experimental
Biological approach
Lesion technique, evoked potentials, brain scan techniques, s…
16 terms
Perception
Gestalt
Figure-ground
Grouping
Depth perception
An organized whole. ______ psychologists emphasized our tende…
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
The perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent gro…
The ability to see objects in three dimensions although the i…
Gestalt
An organized whole. ______ psychologists emphasized our tende…
Figure-ground
The organization of the visual field into objects (the figure…
19 terms
Perception
selective attention
inattentional blindness
visual capture
gestalt
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
an organized whole
selective attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus
inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
61 terms
Perception
perception
ecological view
constructionist view
computational view
the interpretation of information
perception is based on what the environment presents to us
people construct their perception from fragments of sensory i…
the nervous system computes sensory information into percepti…
perception
the interpretation of information
ecological view
perception is based on what the environment presents to us
27 terms
Perception
volley principle
absolute threshold
Just noticeable difference
Weber's Law
auditory neurons fire impulses in rapid succession, alternati…
point you can detect a stimulus 50% of the time
smallest difference in the amount of stimulation that a speci…
the size of the just noticeable difference is in constant pro…
volley principle
auditory neurons fire impulses in rapid succession, alternati…
absolute threshold
point you can detect a stimulus 50% of the time
8 terms
Perception
Sensation vs. Perception
Perceptual Constances
Depth Percerption
Figure-Ground Organization
The mental process of organizing sensations into meaningful p…
1. Size (size stays the same regardless of changes of image)…
Ability to see 3D space and to accurately judge distances
Gestalt; part of a stimulus appears to stand out as an object…
Sensation vs. Perception
The mental process of organizing sensations into meaningful p…
Perceptual Constances
1. Size (size stays the same regardless of changes of image)…
46 terms
Perception
Sensation
Perception
Top-Down Processing
Selective Attention
Process of detection conversion and transmission of raw senso…
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Information processing guided by higher-level mental processe…
The focus of attention on one particular stimulus or task at…
Sensation
Process of detection conversion and transmission of raw senso…
Perception
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
20 terms
Perception
What is perception?
Sensory receptors
perceptual systems
Visual perception principles
The mental process of organising and interpreting sensory sti…
specialised neurons located in sense organs that detect and r…
what we can see, hear, smell, taste or feel.
rules our brain automatically uses to help organise and inter…
What is perception?
The mental process of organising and interpreting sensory sti…
Sensory receptors
specialised neurons located in sense organs that detect and r…
45 terms
Perception
Perception
Acuity
Visual Fields
Visual Fields
how you interpret sensory input, the mechanism by which the b…
20/20 is normal... 20/80 is low vision
Are split in temporal, nasal, superior, inferior
Screened by confrontation testing, ... Normal limits of the 4 qu…
Perception
how you interpret sensory input, the mechanism by which the b…
Acuity
20/20 is normal... 20/80 is low vision
37 terms
Perception
Perception
Size Constancy
Shape Constancy
Proximity
the brain interprets and organizes sensory information. (When…
perceived size of an object stays the same even though the re…
perceived shape of an object stays the same even though the r…
stimuli that are near each will be perceived as belonging to…
Perception
the brain interprets and organizes sensory information. (When…
Size Constancy
perceived size of an object stays the same even though the re…
28 terms
Perception
Absolute Threshold
Just noticeable difference (JND)
Amplitude
Wavelength
The minimum intensity of a stimulus at which participants can…
The minimum change in intensity of a stimulus that participan…
The height of a wavelength
The distance between two wave peaks
Absolute Threshold
The minimum intensity of a stimulus at which participants can…
Just noticeable difference (JND)
The minimum change in intensity of a stimulus that participan…
83 terms
Perception
Perception
Selective Attention
what is the auditory version of the fi…
cocktail party effect
The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensor…
Perceptions about objects change from moment to... moment. We ca…
the cocktail party effect in which the figure is the sound on…
the ability to focus one's listening attention on a single ta…
Perception
The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting sensor…
Selective Attention
Perceptions about objects change from moment to... moment. We ca…
45 terms
Perception
Selective Attention
Inattentional blindness
Visual capture
Gestalt
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
the tendency for vision to dominate the other senses
German word for "whole", it refers to our tendency to perceiv…
Selective Attention
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus,…
Inattentional blindness
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed…
18 terms
Perception
absolute threshold
depth perception
perceptual constancy
retinal disparity
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the i…
perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent lightness…
a binocular cue for perceiving depth; by comparing images fro…
absolute threshold
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulu…
depth perception
the ability to see objects in three dimensions although the i…
53 terms
Perception
Psychophysics
Absolute threshold/detection threshold
Difference threshold/Just noticeable d…
Weber-Fechner Law
Scientific investigation of relationships between physical st…
- At 50% detection rate... - The minimum stimulus discriminated…
- The minimal change in a stimulus that can just barely be de…
- The just noticeable difference of a stimulus is a constant…
Psychophysics
Scientific investigation of relationships between physical st…
Absolute threshold/detection threshold
- At 50% detection rate... - The minimum stimulus discriminated…
13 terms
Perception
Gestalt
Retinal Disparity
Convergance
Relative size
An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
A binocular cue for perceiving depth: By comparing images fro…
A binocular cue for perceiving depth: The brain interprets th…
A monocular cue for perceiving depth: Closer objects are larger
Gestalt
An organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tend…
Retinal Disparity
A binocular cue for perceiving depth: By comparing images fro…
53 terms
Perception
Sensory information is sensed by 4 cha…
Weber's Law
Fechner Extension
Stevens modification
1. Modality: type of energy/receptor... 2. Location: ... 3. Intensi…
delta S = K * S... delta S=minimum difference in strength... K = co…
I = K * log(S/So)... I = intensity of sensation... S0 = lower stimu…
I = K * (S-S0)^n
Sensory information is sensed by 4 cha…
1. Modality: type of energy/receptor... 2. Location: ... 3. Intensi…
Weber's Law
delta S = K * S... delta S=minimum difference in strength... K = co…
33 terms
Perception
Perception
Size Constancy
Shape Constancy
Brightness Constancy
Method by which the sensations experienced at any given time…
Interpret an object the same size no matter with distance
Interpret shape of an object as being constant
Perceive a brightness of an object
Perception
Method by which the sensations experienced at any given time…
Size Constancy
Interpret an object the same size no matter with distance
20 terms
Perception
Bottom-up Processing
Top-down Processing
Detection Recognition
Pattern Recognition
Perception driven by characteristics of the environmental sti…
Perception driven by expectations of the observer... Eg. "circus…
Noticing (seeing/hearing) something in the environment... Eg. Se…
Interpreting what it is... Eg. Meaning of Stimulus - Signal Dete…
Bottom-up Processing
Perception driven by characteristics of the environmental sti…
Top-down Processing
Perception driven by expectations of the observer... Eg. "circus…
50 terms
Perception
Perception
Attention
Selective Attention
Bottom up processing
the process by which the brain interprets sensory information…
the first step in perception
You limit your attention to certain stimuli while filtering o…
the brain pieces together features of shapes such as angels a…
Perception
the process by which the brain interprets sensory information…
Attention
the first step in perception
23 terms
Perception
figure-ground
similarity
proximity
continuity
the organization of the visual field into objects that stand…
we place items that look similar in the same group; example:…
if objects are close together, we place them in the same grou…
once an object appears to move in a particular direction, you…
figure-ground
the organization of the visual field into objects that stand…
similarity
we place items that look similar in the same group; example:…
92 terms
perception
Transduction in the senses
vision
audition
cutaneous senses
1. stimuli(molecules) attach to receptor cells... 2. convert sti…
light/ objects
voice/ music
temperature/ touching object
Transduction in the senses
1. stimuli(molecules) attach to receptor cells... 2. convert sti…
vision
light/ objects
35 terms
Perception
Renee Descartes
What is Descartes' problem?
His senses can't be trusted (Descartes…
Existence as a grand illusion (Descart…
French mathematician and philosopher that is famous for the q…
Descartes doubts existence.
sensory experiences can be hallucinated or imagined, no speci…
his feeling of existence could be a deception, trick of a "de…
Renee Descartes
French mathematician and philosopher that is famous for the q…
What is Descartes' problem?
Descartes doubts existence.
25 terms
Perception
Closure
Perceptual organization
Ambiguous
Proximity
The way we percieve an uncompleted figure as a whole figure.
When we piece together smaller elements and it creates a larg…
The ability to be interpreted in various ways.
...
Closure
The way we percieve an uncompleted figure as a whole figure.
Perceptual organization
When we piece together smaller elements and it creates a larg…
41 terms
Perception
Perception
Wundt-Jastrow Illusion
Gestalt Psychology
Figure-Ground Relationship
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Because of the angles of the shape, the bottom shape, a or b…
Our brains also like to group stimuli. Grouping is the percep…
Our brains also automatically to perceive objects as distinct…
Perception
the process of organizing and interpreting sensory informatio…
Wundt-Jastrow Illusion
Because of the angles of the shape, the bottom shape, a or b…
32 terms
Perception
Perception
Attribution Theory
Distinctiveness
Consensus
A process by which individuals organise and interpret their s…
When individuals observe behaviour, they attempt to determine…
Shows different behaviours in different situations.
Response is the same as others to same situation.
Perception
A process by which individuals organise and interpret their s…
Attribution Theory
When individuals observe behaviour, they attempt to determine…
22 terms
Perception
parallel processing
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
perceptual set
ability to attend many sense modalities simultaneously... bottom…
whole is constructed in parts
conceptually driven process influenced by beliefs and expecta…
bias toward particular interpretation due to expectations
parallel processing
ability to attend many sense modalities simultaneously... bottom…
bottom-up processing
whole is constructed in parts
49 terms
Perception
Aerial perspective
Algorithim
Binocular depth cues
Binocular disparity
Objects far away have power luminance contrast and lower colo…
- the procedure guarantees to solve a problem, systematic
Information for depth perception obtained from both eyes
Using two different images on the same object resulted from s…
Aerial perspective
Objects far away have power luminance contrast and lower colo…
Algorithim
- the procedure guarantees to solve a problem, systematic
Perception
Percepts
Form perception
recognition-by-components
Perceptual illusions
meaningful perceptual units, such as images of particular sha…
the organisation of sensations into meaningful shapes and pat…
people perceive and categorise objects by first breaking them…
the brain's efforts to organise percepts
Percepts
meaningful perceptual units, such as images of particular sha…
Form perception
the organisation of sensations into meaningful shapes and pat…
14 terms
Perception
Monocular Cues
Binocular
Stereopsis
Motion Parallax
Only one eye needed to see depth
Both eyes needed
B.
M.
Monocular Cues
Only one eye needed to see depth
Binocular
Both eyes needed
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