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Study sets matching "ph 161 substances"

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Study sets matching "ph 161 substances"

87 terms
PH 161
Heavy Metal
Heavy metals
Oppose human health
3 Hazardous substances 2007 from CERCL…
has a high atomic weight with a specific gravity that exceeds…
-lead... -mercury... -aluminum... -iron... -tin
lead, mercury
-Arsenic... -Lead... -Mercury
Heavy Metal
has a high atomic weight with a specific gravity that exceeds…
Heavy metals
-lead... -mercury... -aluminum... -iron... -tin
16 terms
PH 161
Top 20 Hazardous Substances from the 2…
National Priorities List (NPL)
Heavy Metals
Bioaccumulation
Arsenic... Lead... Mercury
This is "EPA's list of the most serious uncontrolled or aband…
A heavy metal has a high atomic weight with a specific gravit…
Toxic substances such as heavy metals become more concentrate…
Top 20 Hazardous Substances from the 2…
Arsenic... Lead... Mercury
National Priorities List (NPL)
This is "EPA's list of the most serious uncontrolled or aband…
11 terms
PH 161 Chp 1
endemic
pandemic
epidemic
Swine Flu
(of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular…
is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through…
a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a communi…
pandemic
endemic
(of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular…
pandemic
is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through…
17 terms
Ph 161 Chapter 4
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
- __________ provides a framework for action and for the sett…
A principle that states that preventive, anticipatory measure…
the equal treatment of all people in society irrespective of…
the concept that resources should not be depleted faster than…
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
- __________ provides a framework for action and for the sett…
PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE
A principle that states that preventive, anticipatory measure…
20 terms
Ph 161 Ch 10
smog
smog complex
3,000
1. Nitrogen (76%)... 2. Oxygen (23%)... 3. A…
A mixture of pollutants, principally ground-level ozone, prod…
eye irritation, irritation of the respiratory tract, chest pa…
How many deaths were there in the lethal London Fog of 1952?
What 3 elements compose air?
smog
A mixture of pollutants, principally ground-level ozone, prod…
smog complex
eye irritation, irritation of the respiratory tract, chest pa…
175 terms
Ph 161 final
The epidemiologic risk transition is c…
The contributions of epidemiology to e…
Environmental health comprises those a…
Which of the following statements is U…
Growing burden of chronic, degenerative disease
E. All of the above... -concern with populations... -use of observa…
e. all of the above... -physical factors... -biological factors... -so…
Human beings are not considered to be a part of ecosystems
The epidemiologic risk transition is c…
Growing burden of chronic, degenerative disease
The contributions of epidemiology to e…
E. All of the above... -concern with populations... -use of observa…
20 terms
Ph 161 Ch 8
Ionizing Radiation
Non-Ionizing Radiation
-> Particulate energy (e.g., highly en…
Dose Equivalent
--> Radiation that "has enough energy to remove tightly bound…
--> Radiation that has enough energy to move atoms in a molec…
What are 2 types of Ionizing Radiation
Obtained by weighting the absorbed dose in an organ or tissue…
Ionizing Radiation
--> Radiation that "has enough energy to remove tightly bound…
Non-Ionizing Radiation
--> Radiation that has enough energy to move atoms in a molec…
15 terms
PH 161 Chp 2
Epidemiology's Contributions to Enviro…
population at risk
Descriptive
Point Prevalence
Concern with populations... Use of observational data... Methodolog…
those members who are capable of developing the disease or co…
Depiction of the occurrence of disease in populations accordi…
Refers to all cases of a disease, health condition, or deaths…
Epidemiology's Contributions to Enviro…
Concern with populations... Use of observational data... Methodolog…
population at risk
those members who are capable of developing the disease or co…
35 terms
Ph 161 Final
1. Pollution ... 2. Population... 3. Poverty
e
e
43 years
What are the 3 P's?
Lead poisoning in children is a serious issue of blood and mu…
The effects of rapid growth of the world's population include…
How many years does it take for the world population to double?
1. Pollution ... 2. Population... 3. Poverty
What are the 3 P's?
e
Lead poisoning in children is a serious issue of blood and mu…
18 terms
Ph 161 Ch 11
Foodborne Diseases and Infections
Centers for Disease Control and Preven…
1. Biological... 2. Physical (e.g., stone…
1. Moisture ... 2. Nutrients... 3. Proper te…
"illnesses acquired by consumption of contaminated food . . .…
Who maintains responsibility at the federal level?
What are 4 major categories of food hazards?
What are 3 factors that make bacteria grow?
Foodborne Diseases and Infections
"illnesses acquired by consumption of contaminated food . . .…
Centers for Disease Control and Preven…
Who maintains responsibility at the federal level?
18 terms
Ph 161 Ch 12
1. Recycling... 2. Landfilling... 3. Compost…
From more favored to less favored ... 1.…
Source Reduction
13 hundred tons (2 thousand pounds = 1…
What are the 4 dimensions of MSW Disposal?
What is EPA's hierarchy for management of MSW?
reducing the amount of waste created, reusing whenever possib…
How many tons do American landfills contain?
1. Recycling... 2. Landfilling... 3. Compost…
What are the 4 dimensions of MSW Disposal?
From more favored to less favored ... 1.…
What is EPA's hierarchy for management of MSW?
23 terms
Ph 161 Ch 7
--> Essential to the functioning of mo…
--> Silent Spring, written by Rachel C…
Hydrocarbon
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Advantages of Hazardous Chemicals
Disadvantages of Hazardous Chemicals
An organic compound (as acetylene, benzene, or butane) contai…
--> Toxic chemicals that adversely affect human health and th…
--> Essential to the functioning of mo…
Advantages of Hazardous Chemicals
--> Silent Spring, written by Rachel C…
Disadvantages of Hazardous Chemicals
17 terms
Ph 161 Chapter 5
ZOONOSIS
o Contact with the skin... o A bite or sc…
o Malaria... o Leishmaniosis from Middle…
Malaria
an infection or infectious disease transmissible under natura…
What are 5 methods for transmission of zoonotic pathogens?
What are 5 examples of Vector-Borne diseases?
- A disease found in more than 100 countries, with more than…
ZOONOSIS
an infection or infectious disease transmissible under natura…
o Contact with the skin... o A bite or sc…
What are 5 methods for transmission of zoonotic pathogens?
18 terms
Ph 161 Chapter 6
Heavy Metal
1. Arsenic... 2. Lead... 3. Mercury
Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseas…
BIOMAGNIFICATION or / and BIOACCUMULAT…
has a high atomic weight with a specific gravity that exceeds…
What are the top 3 Hazardous Substances from the 2007 CERCLA…
What agency has identified a list of rank-ordered hazardous s…
occurs when trace amounts of substances (such as heavy metals…
Heavy Metal
has a high atomic weight with a specific gravity that exceeds…
1. Arsenic... 2. Lead... 3. Mercury
What are the top 3 Hazardous Substances from the 2007 CERCLA…
25 terms
Ph 161 Ch 9
1. Safe drinking water act of 1972... 2.…
month, week
2.5 liters (about 2 ½ quarts)
2/3
What are 2 major drinking water regulations?
A human can live up to a ______ without food but can survive…
What is the average requirement for human consumption of wate…
How much of the human body is made up of water?
1. Safe drinking water act of 1972... 2.…
What are 2 major drinking water regulations?
month, week
A human can live up to a ______ without food but can survive…
51 terms
PH 161 final exam
Phossy Jaw
Father of Occupational Medicine
Mad Hatter's Disease
An occupational diseases cause by the…
Alice Hamiliton
Bernardino Ramazzini
mercury poisoning
pneumoconiosis
Phossy Jaw
Alice Hamiliton
Father of Occupational Medicine
Bernardino Ramazzini
48 terms
PH 161 SG 2
method for waste management
Source reduction
Recycling
Disposal
1. source reduction... 2. recycling... 3. disposal
most favored... reducing the amount of waste created, reusing wh…
next favored... minimizing waste generation by recovering an rep…
least favored... landfill, incineration
method for waste management
1. source reduction... 2. recycling... 3. disposal
Source reduction
most favored... reducing the amount of waste created, reusing wh…
59 terms
Ph 161 SG 1
What factors determine environmental h…
consequences usually associated with w…
Estimated global burden of disease (%)…
Environmental risk transition
a. outdoor air quality... b. water quality... c. toxics and waste... d…
Avian Influenza A Virus... Swine Flu
25%-33%
changes in environment risks happen as a consequences of econ…
What factors determine environmental h…
a. outdoor air quality... b. water quality... c. toxics and waste... d…
consequences usually associated with w…
Avian Influenza A Virus... Swine Flu
84 terms
Exam #4-ph161
Municipal Solid Waste
Components of the MSW Stream
What makes up the largest % of solid w…
Recycling
is trash (garbage)
-packaging ... -furniture... -clothing... -bottles... -Food waste... -papers…
papers make up 31%
minimizing waste generation by recovering and reprocessing us…
Municipal Solid Waste
is trash (garbage)
Components of the MSW Stream
-packaging ... -furniture... -clothing... -bottles... -Food waste... -papers…
76 terms
PH 161 First Exam
toxicology
Paracelsus
Matheiu Orfila
Toxicologist
science of poisons "study of the adverse effects of chemicals…
founder of modern toxicology and contributed to the concept o…
authored "Trait des Poisnons" (1813) that described various t…
scientist who received extensive training to investigate the…
toxicology
science of poisons "study of the adverse effects of chemicals…
Paracelsus
founder of modern toxicology and contributed to the concept o…
23 terms
PH 161 SG 2
method for waste management
Source reduction
Recycling
Disposal
1. source reduction... 2. recycling... 3. disposal
most favored... reducing the amount of waste created, reusing wh…
next favored... minimizing waste generation by recovering an rep…
least favored... landfill, incineration
method for waste management
1. source reduction... 2. recycling... 3. disposal
Source reduction
most favored... reducing the amount of waste created, reusing wh…
24 terms
PH 161 2nd Exam
What is the precautionary principle
What is environmental justice
What is environmental sustainability?
What Is The POLICY Cycle?
States that preventive, anticipatory measures... (should) be…
Equal treatment of all people in society irrespective of thei…
The viewpoint that strong, just, and wealthy society can be c…
Refers to the distinct phases involved in the policy-making p…
What is the precautionary principle
States that preventive, anticipatory measures... (should) be…
What is environmental justice
Equal treatment of all people in society irrespective of thei…
38 terms
PH 161 Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis
1. Stored as polysaccharide of sucrose…
Fermentation
hydroxyl group on c-6
Amylose
Three major fates of glucose in animals and vascular plants
What is the term for anaerobic degradation of glucose or othe…
Where is glucose first phosphorylated at the preparatory phase?
Long unbranched chain of glucose units linked by alpha 1,4 gl…
1. Stored as polysaccharide of sucrose…
Three major fates of glucose in animals and vascular plants
Fermentation
What is the term for anaerobic degradation of glucose or othe…
15 terms
Basic PH to Substances
0.8-1.5
1.0-2.0
2.3-2.5
2.9
Sulfuric acid, battery acid
Stomach acid
Lemon juice, cola
Vinegar
0.8-1.5
Sulfuric acid, battery acid
1.0-2.0
Stomach acid
20 terms
ph - bio 161
ph
hydrogen (H+)
stronger
H+
a measure of acid and base strength
when acids are in a solution, they release ________ ions into…
the more H+ released, the _________ the acid
acids release ________ ions
ph
a measure of acid and base strength
hydrogen (H+)
when acids are in a solution, they release ________ ions into…
8 terms
PH 161 chp 5
Vector-Borne Diseases
Malaria
Cutaneous leishmaniasis
Plague
Malaria... Leishmaniasis... Plague... Lyme disease... Rocky Mountain spot…
A disease found in more than 100 countries, with more than 40…
transmitted by the bite of an infected sand fly.
The bacterium Yersinia pestis is the infectious agent for pla…
Vector-Borne Diseases
Malaria... Leishmaniasis... Plague... Lyme disease... Rocky Mountain spot…
Malaria
A disease found in more than 100 countries, with more than 40…
7 terms
PH 161 Chp 4
policy cycle
Risk Management
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
National Institute for Occupational Sa…
1. def of policy... 2. agenda setting... 3. establishment... 4. implem…
the adoption of steps to eliminate identified risks or lower…
Process that reviews the potential impact of anthropogenic ac…
NIOSH is the federal agency responsible for conducting resear…
policy cycle
1. def of policy... 2. agenda setting... 3. establishment... 4. implem…
Risk Management
the adoption of steps to eliminate identified risks or lower…
91 terms
PH 161 Exam 2
Method for waste management
What is good for compost? What isn't?
Top 3 recycled items
Components of Landfills
1. Source Reduction... 2. Recycling... 3. Disposal (landfill/incine…
Good: Organic material like plants, grass, and food scraps.…
1. Auto-batteries... 2. Office-Type Papers... 3. Yard Trimmings
a. a bottom liner... b. system for collecting leachates (solvent…
Method for waste management
1. Source Reduction... 2. Recycling... 3. Disposal (landfill/incine…
What is good for compost? What isn't?
Good: Organic material like plants, grass, and food scraps.…
11 terms
PHS Vocab 151-161
sym-
tach-
-therapy
therm-
joined, fused, together
rapid, fast
treatment
heat
sym-
joined, fused, together
tach-
rapid, fast
15 terms
Ph of Common Substances
sulfuric acid, battery acid
Stomach acid
Lemon juice, cola
Vinegar
0.8-1.5
1.0-2.0
2.3-2.5
2.9
sulfuric acid, battery acid
0.8-1.5
Stomach acid
1.0-2.0
17 terms
PH Scale and Common Substances
Hydrochloric Acid
Lemon Juice
Coke
Vinegar
1
2
3
3
Hydrochloric Acid
1
Lemon Juice
2
16 terms
Ph values of common substances
the lower the ph means
the higher the ph means
stomach hydrochloric acid
growth of acidophilic bacteria
the increasing number of H+ ions (acid)
the increasing number of OH- ions (basic)
1
3-1
the lower the ph means
the increasing number of H+ ions (acid)
the higher the ph means
the increasing number of OH- ions (basic)
66 terms
PH 161 Environmental Human Health
1. Factors determine environmental hea…
2. Consequences usually associated wit…
3. The estimated global burden of dise…
4. Environmental risk transition
population, pollution, poverty
to encourage the conversion of large rural and forested areas…
25%-33%
changes in environmental risks that happen as a consequence o…
1. Factors determine environmental hea…
population, pollution, poverty
2. Consequences usually associated wit…
to encourage the conversion of large rural and forested areas…
70 terms
PH 161: Study Guide 1
What are the factors that determine en…
What are the consequences usually asso…
What is the estimated global burden of…
What is environmental risk transition?
pollution, population, and poverty
urbanization, overtaxing carrying capacity, food insecurity,…
25-33%
term that refers to changes in environmental risks that happe…
What are the factors that determine en…
pollution, population, and poverty
What are the consequences usually asso…
urbanization, overtaxing carrying capacity, food insecurity,…
24 terms
PH161: Ch. 7 & 8
DDT has been found to:... a. Cause frequ…
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) :... a.…
One of the concerns that surrounds the…
Match the pesticide with the group to…
B and D
Persist in the environment
Contained very small amounts of dioxin
carbamate
DDT has been found to:... a. Cause frequ…
B and D
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) :... a.…
Persist in the environment
20 terms
PH 161 Ch. 1 & 2
Currently, the number of years require…
Why do children in comparison with adu…
The epidemiologic risk transition is c…
The author of On Airs, Waters, and Pla…
43 years
They spend more time indoors.
Growing burden of chronic, degenerative diseases
Hippocrates
Currently, the number of years require…
43 years
Why do children in comparison with adu…
They spend more time indoors.
20 terms
PH 161 Ch. 3 & 4
Concerning the events surrounding Love…
The concept of environmental justice s…
What problem may be uncounted in the p…
One of the founders of toxicology was:…
Lead to the formation of CERCLA, and deemed the site as "Supe…
All people must receive fair treatment in the enforcement of…
Poorly defined problems
Paracelsus
Concerning the events surrounding Love…
Lead to the formation of CERCLA, and deemed the site as "Supe…
The concept of environmental justice s…
All people must receive fair treatment in the enforcement of…
25 terms
PH161: Ch. 11&12
Chemical hazards that may be present i…
The most favored method for waste mana…
Which of the following is inappropriat…
The term 'recycling' usually applies t…
All of the above
Source reduction
Fats, oils, grease
Discarding materials in landfills
Chemical hazards that may be present i…
All of the above
The most favored method for waste mana…
Source reduction
25 terms
PH 161: Ch 5 & 6
The vector for the hantavirus pulmonar…
Leishmaniasis is endemic to:... a. The m…
Resurgence of malaria has been attribu…
Methods for transmission of zoonotic p…
Rodents
The Middle East
A and B
All of the above
The vector for the hantavirus pulmonar…
Rodents
Leishmaniasis is endemic to:... a. The m…
The Middle East
25 terms
Ph 161: Ch. 9 & 10
Particulary at risk for waterborne pat…
In dry climates in the western U.S., t…
Finished water is defined as:... a. The…
An aquifer is defined as:... a. The natu…
All of the above
Landscapes
The water that is delivered to the distribution system after…
A layer or section of earth that contains freshwater
Particulary at risk for waterborne pat…
All of the above
In dry climates in the western U.S., t…
Landscapes
20 terms
PH161: Ch. 13 &14
An occupational disease caused by inha…
The last line of defense against occup…
Sources of job stress include... a. Work…
Currently, the leading cause of occupa…
Pneumoconiosis
Use of PPE
All of the above
Sprains and strains
An occupational disease caused by inha…
Pneumoconiosis
The last line of defense against occup…
Use of PPE
16 terms
Substance use (PH)
Low-risk substance use
At-risk substance use
Substance use disorder (SUD)
At-risk SU community-level risks
does not increase risk (includes abstinence)
places the person at risk for harm but they do not meet the c…
meets diagnostic criteria for SUD
- MVAs... - crime... - pollution... - increased burden of disease
Low-risk substance use
does not increase risk (includes abstinence)
At-risk substance use
places the person at risk for harm but they do not meet the c…
37 terms
substance abuse: PHS
Misuse
Abuse
Resistance
Tolerance
using a medicine incorrectly
using illegal drugs, over using any drug or using legal purpo…
When a body adapts to a medicine so that the medicine is no l…
Body's adaptation to a drug that requires more of the drug to…
Misuse
using a medicine incorrectly
Abuse
using illegal drugs, over using any drug or using legal purpo…
11 terms
Ph 161 Ch:1-3
Contributions of epi to enviornmental…
Ch: 2
Descriptive epidemiology
Clustering
1. Concer with populations: epi studies the whole population.…
Ch: 2
The depiction of the occurrence of disease based on ... -Person…
Refers to a closely grouped series of events or cases of a di…
Contributions of epi to enviornmental…
1. Concer with populations: epi studies the whole population.…
Ch: 2
Ch: 2
56 terms
PH 161: Final Study Guide
One of the most frequent methods of ex…
Hemochromatosis is associated with exc…
Diffuse and spotted melanosis are asso…
The type of fish that has not been ide…
Workers' inhalation of beryllium in metal processing industries
iron
arsenic
salmon
One of the most frequent methods of ex…
Workers' inhalation of beryllium in metal processing industries
Hemochromatosis is associated with exc…
iron
66 terms
PH 161 Environmental Human Health
1. Factors determine environmental hea…
2. Consequences usually associated wit…
3. The estimated global burden of dise…
4. Environmental risk transition
population, pollution, poverty
to encourage the conversion of large rural and forested areas…
25%-33%
changes in environmental risks that happen as a consequence o…
1. Factors determine environmental hea…
population, pollution, poverty
2. Consequences usually associated wit…
to encourage the conversion of large rural and forested areas…
66 terms
PH 161 Environmental Human Health
1. Factors determine environmental hea…
2. Consequences usually associated wit…
3. The estimated global burden of dise…
4. Environmental risk transition
population, pollution, poverty
to encourage the conversion of large rural and forested areas…
25%-33%
changes in environmental risks that happen as a consequence o…
1. Factors determine environmental hea…
population, pollution, poverty
2. Consequences usually associated wit…
to encourage the conversion of large rural and forested areas…
20 terms
PH 161 Ch. 1 & 2
Currently, the number of years require…
Why do children in comparison with adu…
The epidemiologic risk transition is c…
The author of On Airs, Waters, and Pla…
43 years
They spend more time indoors.
Growing burden of chronic, degenerative diseases
Hippocrates
Currently, the number of years require…
43 years
Why do children in comparison with adu…
They spend more time indoors.
36 terms
PH 161 Ch. 13 & 14 (final)
Occupational Medicine
Occupational Disease
Sir Percival Pott
mercury
Medical specialty focusing on detection and prevention of dis…
Defined as those health outcomes that are "caused or influenc…
In 1714-1788, who identified scrotal cancer among chimney swe…
From Lewis Carroll's 1865 Alice in Wonderland book, the mad h…
Occupational Medicine
Medical specialty focusing on detection and prevention of dis…
Occupational Disease
Defined as those health outcomes that are "caused or influenc…
15 terms
PH Environmental health & substance abuse
What are some diseases you could be ex…
What rights does the 1970 occupational…
nursing interventions for the PH nurse…
what is environmental justice?
white lung (asbestos)... black lung (coal)... brown lung (cotton)
right to: ... 1) healthy and safe workplace... 2) submit a complain…
assessment: what contaminants are in the environment?... risk a…
belief that no group of people should bear a disproportionate…
What are some diseases you could be ex…
white lung (asbestos)... black lung (coal)... brown lung (cotton)
What rights does the 1970 occupational…
right to: ... 1) healthy and safe workplace... 2) submit a complain…
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