How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "pharm chapter 18"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "pharm chapter 18"

410 terms
Chapter 18 Pharmacology
Penicillins prototype
What are the major components required…
List the ß-lactams
Discuss penicillin-binding proteins
Penicillin G; Penicillin V
1. Binding to penicillin-binding protein... 2. Destruction of th…
>penicillins... >carbapenems... >cephalosporins
>Virtually all bacteria contain penicillin-binding proteins (…
Penicillins prototype
Penicillin G; Penicillin V
What are the major components required…
1. Binding to penicillin-binding protein... 2. Destruction of th…
26 terms
Pharmacology- Chapter 18
what do mast cells and basophils relea…
effect of histamine released by mast c…
what do ECL cells release histamine in…
effect of histamine release from ECL c…
antigenic stimulation
- vasodilation and nerve ending stimulation via H1R - wheal a…
other paracrine signals in stomach
gastric acid secretion by parietal cells via H2R
what do mast cells and basophils relea…
antigenic stimulation
effect of histamine released by mast c…
- vasodilation and nerve ending stimulation via H1R - wheal a…
27 terms
Chapter 18, Introduction to Pharmacology
aldosterone
angiotensin
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
antidiuretic hormone
a sodium conserving hormone secreted from the adrenal gland
a potent vasoconstrictor formed in the kidneys
produced in the final step of the renin-angiotensin-aldostero…
a water conserving hormone, acts as a vasoconstrictor that in…
aldosterone
a sodium conserving hormone secreted from the adrenal gland
angiotensin
a potent vasoconstrictor formed in the kidneys
88 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 18
CNS
PNS
Autonomic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System
Made up of Brain and Spinal Cord
Made up of Autonomic nervous System (ANS)... and the Parasympath…
Made up of the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous systems
Adrenergic... Fight or flight... Neurotransmitters: Dopamine, Epine…
CNS
Made up of Brain and Spinal Cord
PNS
Made up of Autonomic nervous System (ANS)... and the Parasympath…
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
13 terms
Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
Asprine
Oral glucose (type of sugar)
Activated Charcoal
Bronchodilator Inhalers
Administered with chest pain of suspected cardiac organ.... It…
taken by mouth as a treatment for a conscious patient who is…
Used for the treating of a poisoning or overdose ... It helps p…
Medication designed to enlarger constricted bronchial tubes m…
Asprine
Administered with chest pain of suspected cardiac organ.... It…
Oral glucose (type of sugar)
taken by mouth as a treatment for a conscious patient who is…
146 terms
Chapter 18: General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
12 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Hypertension:
Cardiac output:
Vasomotor center (in the brain):
Beta Blockers
• Consistent elevation of arterial blood pressure... • Long term…
• The volume of blood pumped per minute
• Regulates blood pressure on a minute-to-minute basis
• Metoprolol (Lopressor)
Hypertension:
• Consistent elevation of arterial blood pressure... • Long term…
Cardiac output:
• The volume of blood pumped per minute
Pharmacology chapter 18
Adrenergic drugs (Adrenergic agonists)…
Cholinergic receptors
Adrenergic receptors
Catecholamines
drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)
mediated by acetylcholine
mediated by epinephrine and norepinephrine.... located throughou…
cannot be used orally.... brief duration of action... cannot cross…
Adrenergic drugs (Adrenergic agonists)…
drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)
Cholinergic receptors
mediated by acetylcholine
9 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Antiglaucoma Agents
Anti-Infective
Anti-Inflammatory
Beta-Adrenergic Blocker
medications used to lower intraocular pressure
medication used in the infections; includes antibiotics, anti…
medication used to relieve inflammation
agent that blocks the beta receptors such as those found in t…
Antiglaucoma Agents
medications used to lower intraocular pressure
Anti-Infective
medication used in the infections; includes antibiotics, anti…
14 terms
Pharmacology chapter 18
adrenergic antagonists
therapeutic applications of alpha bloc…
adverse effects of alpha blockade
prazosin
cause direct blockade of adrenergic receptors and are more se…
blockade of these receptors help with hypertension, reversal…
blockade of these receptors cause orthostatic hypotension, re…
this drug produces selective blockade of alpha-1 adrenergic r…
adrenergic antagonists
cause direct blockade of adrenergic receptors and are more se…
therapeutic applications of alpha bloc…
blockade of these receptors help with hypertension, reversal…
30 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 18
The two major systems controlling bodi…
The part of the nervous system that is…
The part of the nervous system that ac…
The part of the nervous system that sl…
nervous system
peripheral nervous system
sympathetic nervous system
parasympathetic nervous system
The two major systems controlling bodi…
nervous system
The part of the nervous system that is…
peripheral nervous system
30 terms
Chapter 18 pharmacology
The nurse teaches patients about nonph…
The nursing instructor teaches the nur…
The patient, addicted to heroin, is be…
The patient has intractable pain, and…
"Nonpharmacological techniques are a good adjunct to pharmaco…
Substance P controls which pain signals reach the brain.
Methadone (Dolophine) does not cause euphoria like heroin doe…
A nerve block stops pain transmission along the nerve to stop…
The nurse teaches patients about nonph…
"Nonpharmacological techniques are a good adjunct to pharmaco…
The nursing instructor teaches the nur…
Substance P controls which pain signals reach the brain.
76 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18-19
Adrenergic agonist
Alpha1 (adrenergic agonist)
Alpha2 (adrenergic agonist)
Where are Alpha1 receptors located?
Drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system are calle…
*Increases cardiac contractility... *Increases vasoconstriction…
*Inhibits norepinephrine release... *Promotes vasodilation... *decr…
primarily located in blood vessels, eye, bladder and prostate
Adrenergic agonist
Drugs that stimulate the sympathetic nervous system are calle…
Alpha1 (adrenergic agonist)
*Increases cardiac contractility... *Increases vasoconstriction…
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Approximately what percentage of Ameri…
a deficiency of ______ in the diet of…
Plant substances that protect the body…
Which of the following is not consider…
64%
Folic Acid
antioxidants
Banana
Approximately what percentage of Ameri…
64%
a deficiency of ______ in the diet of…
Folic Acid
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
52 terms
Pharmacology chapter 18
what is anxiety
what are feelings of anxiety
what are physical symptoms of anxiety
what does anxiety respond well to
feeling of worry, fear, or uneasiness over a perceived threat
apprehension, dread, fear, worry
rapid HR, SOB, HTN, pounding in ears, excessive sweating, dry…
complementary and alternative medicine
what is anxiety
feeling of worry, fear, or uneasiness over a perceived threat
what are feelings of anxiety
apprehension, dread, fear, worry
14 terms
MTC pharmacology chapter 18
4 common eye disease in american over…
2 forms of ophthalmic anti-infectives
2 uses of anti-inflammatory pohthalmic…
when would NSAID pohthalmic drugs be u…
age-related macular degeneration ... glaucoma... cataracts... diabe…
topical ointments ... solutions
relieve inflammation of the eye ... relieve inflammation of the…
postoperative inflammation following cataract surgery
4 common eye disease in american over…
age-related macular degeneration ... glaucoma... cataracts... diabe…
2 forms of ophthalmic anti-infectives
topical ointments ... solutions
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
146 terms
EMT Chapter 18 General Pharmacology
List the drugs in your scope of practice
Route(s) of administration
pharmacology
Generic and common trade names (p. 431)
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
The study of drugs, their sources, their characteristics, and…
Each drug is listed by its generic name (a general name that…
List the drugs in your scope of practice
aspirin, oral glucose, oxygen, prescribed bronchodilator inha…
Route(s) of administration
• Oral, or swallowed. This route is very safe and has few com…
12 terms
CMAacPharmacology: Chapter 18 Pulmonary System Medications
alveoli
apnea
(COPD)
dyspnea
plural of alveolus; an air sac in the lungs
cessation of breathing
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
difficult breathing
alveoli
plural of alveolus; an air sac in the lungs
apnea
cessation of breathing
42 terms
Pharmacology chapter 18
adrenergic agonists
adrenergic receptors
alpha-adrenergic receptors
autonomic functions
drugs that stimulate and mimic the actions of the sympathetic…
receptor sites for the sympathetic neurotransmitters norepine…
a class of adrenergic receptors that are further subdivided i…
bodily functions that are involuntary and result from the phy…
adrenergic agonists
drugs that stimulate and mimic the actions of the sympathetic…
adrenergic receptors
receptor sites for the sympathetic neurotransmitters norepine…
22 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18 adrenergic
adrenergic blocker
adrenergic receptor
alpha blockers
beta blocker
adrenergic antagonists
sites located on effector cells that stimulate muscles (heart…
promote vasodilation, block or inhibit a response at the rece…
decrease HR and BP
adrenergic blocker
adrenergic antagonists
adrenergic receptor
sites located on effector cells that stimulate muscles (heart…
61 terms
Chapter 18 Pharmacology
Drugs
Pharmacy
Remington's the science and practice o…
Dose
pharmacology is a basic medical science that deals with the s…
the branch of Pharmacology that deals with the preparation, d…
the actual title of the "blue Bible" of pharmacology is?
the amount of medication administered is referred to as what?
Drugs
pharmacology is a basic medical science that deals with the s…
Pharmacy
the branch of Pharmacology that deals with the preparation, d…
62 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Alpha 1 impacts the
Alpha 1 effects
Alpha Blockers end in
prazosin and tarazosin are
blood vessels... eyes... bladder
vasoconstriction... increases heart contraction... dilates pupils... d…
ASIN
Alpha Blockers
Alpha 1 impacts the
blood vessels... eyes... bladder
Alpha 1 effects
vasoconstriction... increases heart contraction... dilates pupils... d…
28 terms
pharmacology chapter 18 drugs
diuretics
furosemide (Lasix)
hydrochlorothiazide (microzide)
spironolactone (aldactone)
increasing amount of urine produce by kidney which increase u…
diuretics works at loop and decrease blood potassium levels
diuretics thiazide type, decrease blood potassium levels
diuretics potassium sparing
diuretics
increasing amount of urine produce by kidney which increase u…
furosemide (Lasix)
diuretics works at loop and decrease blood potassium levels
14 terms
Pharmacology chapter 18
adrenergic antagonists
therapeutic applications of alpha bloc…
adverse effects of alpha blockade
prazosin
cause direct blockade of adrenergic receptors and are more se…
blockade of these receptors help with hypertension, reversal…
blockade of these receptors cause orthostatic hypotension, re…
this drug produces selective blockade of alpha-1 adrenergic r…
adrenergic antagonists
cause direct blockade of adrenergic receptors and are more se…
therapeutic applications of alpha bloc…
blockade of these receptors help with hypertension, reversal…
128 terms
Chapter 18- Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacognosy
Pharmacy
Pharmacodynamics
The science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effec…
The branch of pharmacology dealing with biological, biochemic…
The branch of pharmacology dealing with the preparation, disp…
The study of the action or effects of medications on living o…
Pharmacology
The science dealing with the origin, nature, chemistry, effec…
Pharmacognosy
The branch of pharmacology dealing with biological, biochemic…
32 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Clobetasol propionate (Temovate)
Fluocinolone acetonide (Lidex)
Triamcinolone acetonide (Airstocort, F…
Betamethasone valerate (Valisone)
Cream, ointment, Super high potency, Strength = 0.05%
Cream, High potency, Strength = 0.2%
Ointment, Medium potency, Strength = 0.1%
Cream, Medium potency, Strength = 0.1%
Clobetasol propionate (Temovate)
Cream, ointment, Super high potency, Strength = 0.05%
Fluocinolone acetonide (Lidex)
Cream, High potency, Strength = 0.2%
48 terms
pharmacology chapter 18
ANS
ANS purpose
ANS 2 branches
sympathetic system
autonomic nervous nsystem
involuntary... controls internal organs(smooth muscle -gland)... 2…
1 sympathetic nervous system... 2.parasympathetic nervous system
fight or flight
ANS
autonomic nervous nsystem
ANS purpose
involuntary... controls internal organs(smooth muscle -gland)... 2…
28 terms
PHARMACOLOGY CHAPTER 18
Dopamine, serotonin, and histamines pl…
A substantial psychological, social, a…
Patients with major depression may hav…
Characterized by a minimal psychologic…
mental health
Major Depression
suicide
Dysthymia
Dopamine, serotonin, and histamines pl…
mental health
A substantial psychological, social, a…
Major Depression
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Drugs that block the effects of adrene…
Drugs that block the release of norepi…
Reactive components of effector tissues
Drugs that block or inhibit a response…
What are adrenergic blockers?
What are adrenergic neuron blockers?
What are adrenergic receptors?
What are alpha blockers?
Drugs that block the effects of adrene…
What are adrenergic blockers?
Drugs that block the release of norepi…
What are adrenergic neuron blockers?
45 terms
pharmacology chapter 18
diuretics
hypertension 3 factors
blood volume
peripheral resistance/diameter of arte…
increasing amount of urine produce by kidney which increase u…
blood volume... peripheral resistance/diameter of arterioles... car…
total amount of blood in the vascular system, more volume the…
constriction of the diameter of arteriole base on friction wh…
diuretics
increasing amount of urine produce by kidney which increase u…
hypertension 3 factors
blood volume... peripheral resistance/diameter of arterioles... car…
21 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Adrenergic agonists
Adrenergic receptors
Alpha adrenergic receptors
Autonomic nervous system
Drugs that stimulate and mimic the actions of the sympathetic…
Receptor sites for the sympathetic neurotransmitters norepine…
A class of adrenergic receptors that are further subdivided i…
A branch of the peripheral nervous system that controls auton…
Adrenergic agonists
Drugs that stimulate and mimic the actions of the sympathetic…
Adrenergic receptors
Receptor sites for the sympathetic neurotransmitters norepine…
51 terms
Pharmacology Chapter18
Alveoli
Asthma
Bronchoconstriction
Bronchodilator
Air sacs in the lungs where oxygen moves into the blood
An intermittent disease of airway obstruction caused by const…
The tightening of pulmonary smooth muscle, resulting in narro…
A drug that relaxes the smooth muscle around airways, causing…
Alveoli
Air sacs in the lungs where oxygen moves into the blood
Asthma
An intermittent disease of airway obstruction caused by const…
68 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Antiglaucoma Agents
Anti-infective
Anti - inflammatory
Beta-adrenergic blocker
Medications used to lower intraocular pressure
Medication used in the treatment of infections; includes anti…
medication used to relieve inflammation
agent that blocks the beta receptors such as those found in t…
Antiglaucoma Agents
Medications used to lower intraocular pressure
Anti-infective
Medication used in the treatment of infections; includes anti…
55 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Acute Pain
Chronic Pain
Nociceptor Pain
Somatic Pain
Intense pain over a brief time.
Long lasting pain over weeks, months, years.
Produced by tissue pain that is either somatic or visceral.... R…
A nociceptor pain that is severe and sharp. Associated with A…
Acute Pain
Intense pain over a brief time.
Chronic Pain
Long lasting pain over weeks, months, years.
15 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Anti-Infective
Anti-inflammatory
Glaucoma
Acute (angle-closure) glaucoma
Ophthalmic topical ointments and solutions are available for…
Ophthalmic agents are used to relieve inflammation of the eye…
Abnormal condition of the eye with increased interocular pres…
Characterized by a sudden onset of pain, blurred vision, and…
Anti-Infective
Ophthalmic topical ointments and solutions are available for…
Anti-inflammatory
Ophthalmic agents are used to relieve inflammation of the eye…
9 terms
Chapter 18 pharmacology
Nitroglycerin
Epinephrine
Untoward effect
Parenteral
Dilate coronary vessels that supply the hearr muscle with blood
Constrict blood vessels and relax airway passages. Used to co…
Effect of medication in addition to its desired effect that m…
Route of medication administered that does not use GI track
Nitroglycerin
Dilate coronary vessels that supply the hearr muscle with blood
Epinephrine
Constrict blood vessels and relax airway passages. Used to co…
17 terms
Pharmacology chapter 18
Neurotransmitter
Types of neurotransmitters
Central nervous system CNS
Peripheral nervous system PNS
A substance in the body that carries a signal from one nerve…
1. Epinephrine... 2. Norepinephrine... 3. Dopamine... 4. Acetylcholine…
Brain and spinal cord, control center for the nervous system;…
Part of the nervous system that is outside the brain and spin…
Neurotransmitter
A substance in the body that carries a signal from one nerve…
Types of neurotransmitters
1. Epinephrine... 2. Norepinephrine... 3. Dopamine... 4. Acetylcholine…
11 terms
Pharmacology : chapter 18
Alveoli
asthma
bronchoconstriction
bronchodialator
Air sacs where oxygen moves into the blood
an intermittent disease of airway obstruction caused by const…
The tightening of pulmonary smooth muscle , resulting in narr…
A drug that relaxes the smooth muscle around airways , causin…
Alveoli
Air sacs where oxygen moves into the blood
asthma
an intermittent disease of airway obstruction caused by const…
88 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 18
CNS
PNS
Autonomic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System
Made up of Brain and Spinal Cord
Made up of Autonomic nervous System (ANS)... and the Parasympath…
Made up of the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous systems
Adrenergic... Fight or flight... Neurotransmitters: Dopamine, Epine…
CNS
Made up of Brain and Spinal Cord
PNS
Made up of Autonomic nervous System (ANS)... and the Parasympath…
24 terms
Chapter 18 Pharmacology
Aspirin• Mechanism
Aspirin• Indication
Aspirin• Contraindication
Oral Glucose• Mechanism
Reduces clotting and inflammation
suspected heart attack
asthma, allergies, gastrointestinal bleeding, anticoagulant/a…
directly raises blood sugar level
Aspirin• Mechanism
Reduces clotting and inflammation
Aspirin• Indication
suspected heart attack
17 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Diuretics
Class 1: Thiazide
Class 2: Loop diuretics
Class 3: Potassium-sparing diuretics
-Used to treat edema, ascities/anasarca, hypertension... -remova…
-Inhibits reabsorption of sodium and chloride... -site of action…
-inhibits sodium and chloride reabsorption ... -site of action:…
-inhibits aldosterone... -inhibit K+ excretion ... -hyperkalemia... -t…
Diuretics
-Used to treat edema, ascities/anasarca, hypertension... -remova…
Class 1: Thiazide
-Inhibits reabsorption of sodium and chloride... -site of action…
Pharmacology - Chapter 18
Anion
Antioxidants
Avitaminosis
Cation
An ion with a negative charge of electricity.
Plant substances that protect the body by neutralizing free r…
A deficiency disease that is due to a lack of vitamins in the…
An ion with a positive charge of electricity.
Anion
An ion with a negative charge of electricity.
Antioxidants
Plant substances that protect the body by neutralizing free r…
15 terms
Mod 4 Fundamental Pharmacology chapter 18
Anuria
Diuretic
Gynecomastia
Hyperkalemia
inability to produce urine
a drug that increases the secretion of urine from the kidneys
enlargement of breast tissues in males
high blood level of potassium
Anuria
inability to produce urine
Diuretic
a drug that increases the secretion of urine from the kidneys
68 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 18
Antiglaucoma Agents
Anti-infective
Anti - inflammatory
Beta-adrenergic blocker
Medications used to lower intraocular pressure
Medication used in the treatment of infections; includes anti…
medication used to relieve inflammation
agent that blocks the beta receptors such as those found in t…
Antiglaucoma Agents
Medications used to lower intraocular pressure
Anti-infective
Medication used in the treatment of infections; includes anti…
1 of 10