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Study sets matching "pharm chapter 23 pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "pharm chapter 23 pharmacology"

17 terms
Pharmacology chapter 23
Renal Regulation
Kidneys secrete
Renin
Erythropoietin
Kidneys regulate: Fluid volume, electrolytes, acid-base balance
Renin, erthropoietin and calcitrol
secreted by kidneys for blood pressure regulation
secreted by kidneys to stimulate blood cell production.
Renal Regulation
Kidneys regulate: Fluid volume, electrolytes, acid-base balance
Kidneys secrete
Renin, erthropoietin and calcitrol
43 terms
Chapter 23; Pharmacology
Allergy
Anaphylaxis
Antagonism
Chemical Name
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
severe allergic reaction that may result in death
mutual opposition or contrary action with something else; opp…
exact chemical descriptor of a drug
Allergy
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
Anaphylaxis
severe allergic reaction that may result in death
20 terms
Chapter 23, Introduction to Pharmacology
anticoagulant
coagulation
fibrinogen
fibrinolysis
drug used to prevent excessive clotting
formation of an insoluble clot
a plasma protein that converts to long strands of fibrin in t…
process of clot removal
anticoagulant
drug used to prevent excessive clotting
coagulation
formation of an insoluble clot
45 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 23
how are the antipsychotic drugs divided?
what are the descriptions of first gen…
what are the second generation aniphsy…
what is the main function of all antip…
into two "generations" - first and second
- classic, typical, neurolptics... - low potency... - high potency
atypical, newer
block D2-like receptors
how are the antipsychotic drugs divided?
into two "generations" - first and second
what are the descriptions of first gen…
- classic, typical, neurolptics... - low potency... - high potency
90 terms
Chapter 23; Pharmacology
Allergy
Anaphylaxis
Antagonism
Chemical Name
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
severe allergic reaction that may result in death
mutual opposition or contrary action with something else; opp…
exact chemical descriptor of a drug
Allergy
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
Anaphylaxis
severe allergic reaction that may result in death
35 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23: Alcohols
What potentates the effect of Alcohol?
Zero Order Reaction ?
What is the first step in ethanol meta…
What is the second step in ethanol met…
Benzos
The rate is independent of the concentration... APE
ADH = Alcohol Dehydrogenase, in the liver. ... Alcohol dehydrog…
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase (ALD) in the mitochondria. ... Acetaldeh…
What potentates the effect of Alcohol?
Benzos
Zero Order Reaction ?
The rate is independent of the concentration... APE
50 terms
Pharm Chapter 23: Alcohols
Ethanol is rapidly and completely abso…
low-moderate doses of ethanol are meta…
why does ethanol metabolism have zero-…
GI metabolism is greater in men or wom…
acetaldehyde
cytosolic... liver and gut
because of limited supply of NAD+
men
Ethanol is rapidly and completely abso…
acetaldehyde
low-moderate doses of ethanol are meta…
cytosolic... liver and gut
24 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
When a drug is contraindicated, it
Which substance is an example of a sch…
All drugs cause
A symptom of an allergic reaction is
should not be used
opium
cellular and physiological change
hives
When a drug is contraindicated, it
should not be used
Which substance is an example of a sch…
opium
22 terms
Pharmacology chapter 23
what are muscle spasms
what is the most common etiology of mu…
what is claudication
what are statins used for
involuntary contractions of skeletal muscles that are usually…
skeletal muscle overuse
poor blood circulation to the legs
lower blood cholesterol levels
what are muscle spasms
involuntary contractions of skeletal muscles that are usually…
what is the most common etiology of mu…
skeletal muscle overuse
23 terms
Chapter 23 Pharm
Coagulation cascade
Hemostasis
Thrombolytics
Hemostatics
Complex series of steps that begins when injured cells releas…
The stopping of blood flow is an essential mechanism protecti…
Used to dissolve life threatening clots ( heart, brain , lungs)
Inhibit the normal removal of fibrin , this keeping clot in p…
Coagulation cascade
Complex series of steps that begins when injured cells releas…
Hemostasis
The stopping of blood flow is an essential mechanism protecti…
85 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
Endocrine refers to
Hormones are
Endocrine system drugs include
Pituitary gland located at
an internal secretion/ hormone produced by a ductless gland t…
chemical messengers that have specialized functions in regula…
natural hormones secreted by the ductless glands or synthetic…
the base of the brain is called the master gland because it r…
Endocrine refers to
an internal secretion/ hormone produced by a ductless gland t…
Hormones are
chemical messengers that have specialized functions in regula…
20 terms
Pharm chapter 23
Atherosclerosis
Beta Blockers: Mechanism of Action
Beta Blockers: Drugs
Beta Blockers: Indications
A common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
- Block beta1 receptors on the heart.... - Decrease HR, results…
- Atenolol (Tenormin).... - Metoprolol (Lopressor).... - Propanolol…
- Angina.... - Antihypertensive.... - Cardiac dysrhythmias.... - Cardi…
Atherosclerosis
A common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
Beta Blockers: Mechanism of Action
- Block beta1 receptors on the heart.... - Decrease HR, results…
90 terms
Chapter 23 Pharmacology
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Trade Name
How can drugs be classified
Frist name given to any medication
Assigned to medication during research and development
When drug is available for commercial use and distribution
According to there actions and effects on the body
Chemical Name
Frist name given to any medication
Generic Name
Assigned to medication during research and development
11 terms
Pharm Chapter 23
Hemostasis
Coagulation cascade
Conditions that require coagulation mo…
Heparin (Heplock):
the stopping of blood flow; a mechanism that protects the bod…
a complex series of steps that begins when the injured cells…
•DVT (deep vein thrombosis)... •Anticoagulants: used to prevent…
monitor with aPTT labs
Hemostasis
the stopping of blood flow; a mechanism that protects the bod…
Coagulation cascade
a complex series of steps that begins when the injured cells…
17 terms
Pharm Chapter 23
Drugs used to treat Parkinson's
carbidopa-levodopa(Sinemet)
amantadine HCL(Symmetrel)
bromocriptine mesylate(Parlodel)
Dopaminergic- carbidopa-levodopa... Dopamine Agonists- amantadin…
Dopaminergic... Action:decreases symptoms, Carbidopa inhibits de…
Dopamine agonist-originally used for influenza A-decreases sy…
Dopamine Agonist-D2-dopmine receptor agonist that can be used…
Drugs used to treat Parkinson's
Dopaminergic- carbidopa-levodopa... Dopamine Agonists- amantadin…
carbidopa-levodopa(Sinemet)
Dopaminergic... Action:decreases symptoms, Carbidopa inhibits de…
29 terms
Chapter 23- Pharmacology
What are the major chemical elements i…
What is the main goal with seizure meds?
What is the most prevalent of the neur…
Seizures are caused by...
calcium, potassium and sodium
slow down the firing of the neuron
epilepsy
abnormal neurons sensitive to stimulation or prone to over-re…
What are the major chemical elements i…
calcium, potassium and sodium
What is the main goal with seizure meds?
slow down the firing of the neuron
11 terms
Chapter 23 UTA Pharmacology
Angina pectoris
Atherosclerosis
Chronic stable angina
Coronary arteries
Chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carry…
A common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
Chest pain that is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, which…
Arteries that deliver oxygen to the heart muscle.
Angina pectoris
Chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carry…
Atherosclerosis
A common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
42 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
kidneys
renin
calcitriol
nephrons
The _____ are the primary organs for regulating fluid balance…
The kidneys excrete the enzyme _____, a hormone that stimulat…
The kidneys produce _____, the active form of vitamin D, whic…
The ____ are the functional units of the kidneys.
kidneys
The _____ are the primary organs for regulating fluid balance…
renin
The kidneys excrete the enzyme _____, a hormone that stimulat…
8 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
carbonic anhydrase
diuretic
filtrate
nephron
enzyme that forms carbonic acid by combining carbon dioxide a…
substance that increases urine output
fluid in the nephron that is filtered at Bowman's capsule
structural and functional unit of the kidney
carbonic anhydrase
enzyme that forms carbonic acid by combining carbon dioxide a…
diuretic
substance that increases urine output
16 terms
Chapter 23 pharmacology
Anticoagulants
Anti platelets
Thrombolytic agent
Anticoagulant
Prolong bleeding time and prevent clots from forming and bloo…
Increasing length of clotting time prevents clots from formin…
Turn plasminogen into plasmin which dissolves fibrin and bloo…
Prevent DVT MI TIA
Anticoagulants
Prolong bleeding time and prevent clots from forming and bloo…
Anti platelets
Increasing length of clotting time prevents clots from formin…
16 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
Which of the following actions is depe…
Which of the following is the most imp…
Which of the following is an important…
Which of the following actions by the…
a... Rationale: The kidney is responsible for the hormone eryth…
c... Rationale: Although many baseline values are important, bl…
b... Rationale: Some thiazide diuretics can cause hyperglycemia…
b... Rationale: Since the kidneys excrete most drugs, clients w…
Which of the following actions is depe…
a... Rationale: The kidney is responsible for the hormone eryth…
Which of the following is the most imp…
c... Rationale: Although many baseline values are important, bl…
Chapter 23 Vocab: Pharmacology
Allergy
Anaphylaxis
Antagonism
Chemical name
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
severe allergic reaction that may result in death
mutual opposition contrary action with something else ; oppos…
exact chemical descriptor of a drug
Allergy
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
Anaphylaxis
severe allergic reaction that may result in death
24 terms
PHARMACOLOGY CHAPTER 23
Hyperlipidemia
Hypercholesterolemia
Dyslipidemia
Types of Lipids
High levels of lipids in blood—major risk factor for cardiova…
Elevated blood cholesterol
Abnormal levels of lipoproteins, excess or deficient
Triglycerides... Phospholipids... Steroids
Hyperlipidemia
High levels of lipids in blood—major risk factor for cardiova…
Hypercholesterolemia
Elevated blood cholesterol
9 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23 Vocabulary
Absence seizure
Antiepileptic
Convulsion
Epilepsy
Type of generalized seizure that is characterized by sudden,…
Drug used to treat the abnormal and excessive energy bursts i…
Tonic-clonic muscular reaction to excessive electrical energy…
Collection of various syndromes, all of which are characteriz…
Absence seizure
Type of generalized seizure that is characterized by sudden,…
Antiepileptic
Drug used to treat the abnormal and excessive energy bursts i…
16 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
Hormones
Corticosteroids
Hypothyroidism
Antithyroid Agents
Are chemical messengers that have specialized functions in re…
Which act on the immune system to suppress the body's respons…
The most common thyroid problem in the United States, which i…
(Methimazole or Tapazole and propylthiouracil or PTC) Are use…
Hormones
Are chemical messengers that have specialized functions in re…
Corticosteroids
Which act on the immune system to suppress the body's respons…
11 terms
Pharmacology chapter 23
Angina pectoris (chest pain)
Ischemia
Drugs for angina
Nitrates/nitrates MOA
When the supply of oxygen and nutrients in the blood is insuf…
Poor blood supply to an organ
-nitrates/nitrites... -beta-blockers... -calcium channel blockers
-cause vasodilation due to relaxation of smooth muscles ... -pot…
Angina pectoris (chest pain)
When the supply of oxygen and nutrients in the blood is insuf…
Ischemia
Poor blood supply to an organ
11 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 23
Angina pectoris
Atherosclerosis
Chronic stable angina
Coronary arteries
Chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carin…
A common form of arterial sclerosis involving deposits of fat…
Chest pain that is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, which…
Arteries that deliver oxygen to the heart muscle.
Angina pectoris
Chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carin…
Atherosclerosis
A common form of arterial sclerosis involving deposits of fat…
14 terms
Chapter 23 Vocabulary-Pharmacology
Allergy
anaphylaxis
antagonism
chemical name
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
severe allergic reaction that may result in death.
mutual opposition or contrary action with something else; opp…
exact chemical descriptor of a drug
Allergy
acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
anaphylaxis
severe allergic reaction that may result in death.
26 terms
Pharmacology chapter 23
angina pectoris
atherosclerosis
chronic stable angina
coronary artery disease (CAD)
chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carry…
a common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
chest pain that is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, which…
any one of the abnormal conditions that can affect the arteri…
angina pectoris
chest pain that occurs when the heart's supply of blood carry…
atherosclerosis
a common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
20 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 23 Review
Glucophage
Prednisone
Humulin R
Synthroid
Oral Anitdiabetic Agent
Corticosteroid
Insulin - Intermediate acting
Thyroid Agent
Glucophage
Oral Anitdiabetic Agent
Prednisone
Corticosteroid
15 terms
Chapter 23 - Pharm
Parasite Types
Antiparasitic Medication Classes
Protozoal Infections
Amebiasis
- Protozoa... - Helminths... - Scabies... - Pediculi
- Amebicides, antimalarials... - Anthelmintics... - Scabicides, ped…
- Amebiasis... - Giardiasis... - Malaria
- Common in Africa, Asia, Latin America... - Transmitted by inge…
Parasite Types
- Protozoa... - Helminths... - Scabies... - Pediculi
Antiparasitic Medication Classes
- Amebicides, antimalarials... - Anthelmintics... - Scabicides, ped…
33 terms
Chapter 23-Pharmacology
Schedule I
Schedule II
Schedule III
Schedule IV
Have the highest potential for abuse, no current medicinal us…
Have a high potential for abuse and have a current accepted m…
Have a limited potential for psychological or physiological d…
Lower potential for abuse. Can be called into pharmacy and re…
Schedule I
Have the highest potential for abuse, no current medicinal us…
Schedule II
Have a high potential for abuse and have a current accepted m…
18 terms
Pharm Chapter 23
pain
morphine
codeine
pentazocine
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associate with…
prototype drug for strong narcotics.
prototype drug for mild narcotic.
prototype mixed agonist-antagonist opioid.
pain
an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associate with…
morphine
prototype drug for strong narcotics.
15 terms
Chapter 23 Pharmacology
Chemical name
Generic name
FDA
Food and Drug Administration
exact chemical description of a drug
official name given to a drug whose patient has expired
food and drug administration
regulates manufacture and distribution of drugs
Chemical name
exact chemical description of a drug
Generic name
official name given to a drug whose patient has expired
27 terms
Chapter 23 pharmacology
What is the chemical name for a drug?
A situation or condition that disllows…
Schedule ll drugs:
Hypersensitivity is:
Identifies the drug for its components
A contraindicator
Require that a written rx be hand delivered by the patient
An allergy
What is the chemical name for a drug?
Identifies the drug for its components
A situation or condition that disllows…
A contraindicator
19 terms
Chapter 23 - Pharmacology
True or False?... As a clinical medical a…
How is the Chemical Name of a drug cre…
When the drug is available for commerc…
The Trade name or Brand name is given…
True
Through the chemical components.
Brand name or Trade name
When the drug is available commercially.
True or False?... As a clinical medical a…
True
How is the Chemical Name of a drug cre…
Through the chemical components.
16 terms
PHARMACOLOGY FOR NURSES CHAPTER 23
ALDOSTERONE
ANGIOTENSIN II
ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
HORMONE SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX THAT INCREASES SODIUM…
CHEMICAL RELEASED IN RESPONSE TO FALLING BLOOD PRESSURE THAT…
ENZYME RESPONSIBLE FOR CONVERTING ANGIOTENSIN I TO ANGIOTENSI…
HORMONE RELEASED BY THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND WHEN BLOOD…
ALDOSTERONE
HORMONE SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX THAT INCREASES SODIUM…
ANGIOTENSIN II
CHEMICAL RELEASED IN RESPONSE TO FALLING BLOOD PRESSURE THAT…
8 terms
Pharm Chapter 23 Terms
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
Alzheimer's disease
Bradykinesia
Dopamine Agonists
ACE inhibitor is an enzyme responsible for breaking down ACh…
Chronic, progressive, neurodegenerative condition with marked…
Slow Movement
Drugs used to treat Parkinsonism reduce the symptoms or repla…
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
ACE inhibitor is an enzyme responsible for breaking down ACh…
Alzheimer's disease
Chronic, progressive, neurodegenerative condition with marked…
29 terms
Pharm chapter 23
Drugs for Multiple Sclerosis
MS is
Cause of MS
What would a patient expereince with MS?
Chapter 23
-Chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disorder that damages the…
Exact cause is unknown
MS causes a wide variety of sensory and motor deficits... Most…
Drugs for Multiple Sclerosis
Chapter 23
MS is
-Chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disorder that damages the…
14 terms
Chapter 23 Pharm
Coronary Artery DIsease
Myocardial Ischemia
Astherosclerosis
Plaque
Narrowing or occlusion of coronary arteries
Narrowing deprives heart cells of needed oxygen and nutrients
Presence of plaque within the walls of arteries
Fatty, fibrous material that accumulates, producing varying d…
Coronary Artery DIsease
Narrowing or occlusion of coronary arteries
Myocardial Ischemia
Narrowing deprives heart cells of needed oxygen and nutrients
189 terms
Chapter 23-27 Pharm
The general term that means high level…
Cholesterol contributes to the fatty _…
The three primary classes of lipids ar…
Lipoproteins consist of various amount…
hyperlipidemia
plaque
triglycerides, phospholipids, and steroids
cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids
The general term that means high level…
hyperlipidemia
Cholesterol contributes to the fatty _…
plaque
26 terms
pharm chapter 23
Total cholesterol
HDL (high-density lipoproteins)
LDL (low-density lipoproteins)
Triglycerides
measure of the total amount of cholesterol in our blood and i…
GOOD CHOLESTEROL, absorbs cholesterol and carries it back to…
BAD CHOLESTEROL, makes up a majority of the body's cholestero…
type of fat found in your blood that the body uses for energy…
Total cholesterol
measure of the total amount of cholesterol in our blood and i…
HDL (high-density lipoproteins)
GOOD CHOLESTEROL, absorbs cholesterol and carries it back to…
15 terms
Chapter 23 pharm
Antipsychotic drugs
Typical
A typical
Typical / haladol
Can not be stopped abruptly
Treat the majority of psych problems
To treat schizophrenia and dipolar disorders
Haloperidol
Antipsychotic drugs
Can not be stopped abruptly
Typical
Treat the majority of psych problems
25 terms
Chapter 23 - Pharmacology
Karla knows that when her friend took…
In the United States, 70% of diabetics…
Bennie has hyperthyroidism due to Grav…
Your friend Kaylin has been diagnosed…
No. It is contraindicated, ineffective, and dangerous.
heart attack or stroke
treatment with radioactive iodine followed by surgical remova…
fruity breath
Karla knows that when her friend took…
No. It is contraindicated, ineffective, and dangerous.
In the United States, 70% of diabetics…
heart attack or stroke
13 terms
Chapter 23 Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Drug
Chemical Name
Trade Name (Brand)
Study of drugs and their actions, dosages and side effects.
Chemical substance that affects body function(s).
First name given to a medication.... Identifies chemical compone…
Name given when the drug is available for commercial use and…
Pharmacology
Study of drugs and their actions, dosages and side effects.
Drug
Chemical substance that affects body function(s).
20 terms
Pharm chapter 23
Atherosclerosis
Beta Blockers: Mechanism of Action
Beta Blockers: Drugs
Beta Blockers: Indications
A common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
- Block beta1 receptors on the heart.... - Decrease HR, results…
- Atenolol (Tenormin).... - Metoprolol (Lopressor).... - Propanolol…
- Angina.... - Antihypertensive.... - Cardiac dysrhythmias.... - Cardi…
Atherosclerosis
A common form of arteriosclerosis involving deposits of fatty…
Beta Blockers: Mechanism of Action
- Block beta1 receptors on the heart.... - Decrease HR, results…
43 terms
Chapter 23 Pharmacology
Allergy
Antianxiety Agents
Antibiotics
Anthelmintics
Acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
Effect/Action; act on subcortical areas of the brain to relie…
Effect/Action; destroy, interrupt or interfere with the growt…
Effect/Action; Kills parasitic worms Common Example;Vermox
Allergy
Acquired abnormal response to a substance (allergen) that doe…
Antianxiety Agents
Effect/Action; act on subcortical areas of the brain to relie…
31 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 23 - Hypertension
Blood Pressure
Diagnosis
Assessment
Patient Education - Lifestyle Modifica…
• Systolic... o Pressure blood pushed from heart... • Diastolic... o…
• 2 or more elevated readings on 2 or more separate occasions…
• BP sitting x 5 minutes quietly; no recent caffeine... • Family…
• Controllable... o Smoking... o Alcohol... o BMI > 30 - Obesity... o Phy…
Blood Pressure
• Systolic... o Pressure blood pushed from heart... • Diastolic... o…
Diagnosis
• 2 or more elevated readings on 2 or more separate occasions…
8 terms
PHARMACOLOGY CHAPTER 23 #3
Anticoagulant mechanism of aciton
Antiplatelet mechanism of action
Thrombolytics mechanism of action
Hemostatics mechanism of action
heparin: inactivates heparin antithrombin 3... warfarin: prevent…
prevent platelet aggregation
converts plasminogen to plasmin
inactivates plasminogen
Anticoagulant mechanism of aciton
heparin: inactivates heparin antithrombin 3... warfarin: prevent…
Antiplatelet mechanism of action
prevent platelet aggregation
10 terms
Pharm Chapter 23
Giardiasis is a common parasite spread…
Pediculosis capitis is diagnosed by th…
Chloroquine is an antimalarial agent.
The goals of anthelmintic therapy may…
True
False
True
True
Giardiasis is a common parasite spread…
True
Pediculosis capitis is diagnosed by th…
False
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