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8 terms
Pharmacology-Chapter 7
anticholinergic
Aricept
Tensilon
Atrovent
drugs that block muscarinic receptors
treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Diagnosis of myasthenia gravis
treatment of bronchodilation, asthma, COPD
anticholinergic
drugs that block muscarinic receptors
Aricept
treatment of Alzheimer's disease
81 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7
what are the sympathomimetics?
how do the sympathomimetics act?
are endogenous sympathomimetics used c…
what are the differences between norep…
drugs that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
- directly - by stimulating alpha or beta receptors... - indirec…
- yes... - emergency medicine
- epinephrine can bind to all adrenergic receptors whereas no…
what are the sympathomimetics?
drugs that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
how do the sympathomimetics act?
- directly - by stimulating alpha or beta receptors... - indirec…
105 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
How are enternal medications given
What is the most common route of admin…
Advantages of oral preparations
Disadvantages of oral preparations
Enternal medications are given directly to the GI tract via t…
Through the mouth or orally. PO or by mouth
1. They are easy for the nurse to give and for the patient to…
1.They can not be given to patients with a lot of nausea, who…
How are enternal medications given
Enternal medications are given directly to the GI tract via t…
What is the most common route of admin…
Through the mouth or orally. PO or by mouth
11 terms
Pharmacology- Chapter 7 Key Terms
Alternative Medicine
Complementary medicine
Conventional medicine
Dietary Supplement
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
The practice of medicine as taught in western medical schools.
A product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
Alternative Medicine
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
10 terms
Principals of Pharmacology - chapter 7
Absorption
Contraindication
Side effect
Adsorption
Process by which medications travel through body tissues
Situation in which a drug should not be given
Any action of a drug other than the desired one
To bind or stick to a surface
Absorption
Process by which medications travel through body tissues
Contraindication
Situation in which a drug should not be given
50 terms
Chapter 7/11 Pharmacology
Absorption
Action
Activated Charcoal
Adsorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
An oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in…
The process of binding or sticking to a surface.
Absorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
Action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
49 terms
Chapter 7 pharmacology
the amount to be administered at one t…
the total amount of ordered drug, alon…
dose on hand, per the dosage unit
the volume of medication that contains…
desired dose
dosage ordered
dosage strength
dosage unit
the amount to be administered at one t…
desired dose
the total amount of ordered drug, alon…
dosage ordered
32 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7- Pediatric Pharmacology
Which two components make it difficult…
Pediatric Research Equity Act and Best…
Factors that influence absorption of d…
Route of administration affects absorp…
1. Research risk... 2. Informed consent
Require drug manufacturers to study pediatric medication use…
- Child's age, health status, underlying disease, hydration,…
- For oral medications- Gastric acidity, gastric emptying, ga…
Which two components make it difficult…
1. Research risk... 2. Informed consent
Pediatric Research Equity Act and Best…
Require drug manufacturers to study pediatric medication use…
110 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Research related to pediatric patients…
why are parents and guardians reluctan…
how do many people perceive pediatric…
what law joined the Best Pharmaceutica…
research risks and obtaining informed consents
the risk involved and the potentially invasive nature of data…
unethical
Pediatric Research Equity
Research related to pediatric patients…
research risks and obtaining informed consents
why are parents and guardians reluctan…
the risk involved and the potentially invasive nature of data…
11 terms
pharmacology alh 2200 chapter 7
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acumunc…
alternative medicine when used simulta…
the practice of medicine is taught in…
a product that contains an ingredient…
alternative medicine
complementary medicine
conventional medicine
dietary supplement
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acumunc…
alternative medicine
alternative medicine when used simulta…
complementary medicine
33 terms
Introduction to Pharmacology chapter 7
The range of microorganisms against wh…
The widespread use of antibiotic agent…
A patient states that he has received…
The first antibiotic agent developed f…
Spectrum
Development of resistant strains of microorganisms
Uncertain
Penicillin
The range of microorganisms against wh…
Spectrum
The widespread use of antibiotic agent…
Development of resistant strains of microorganisms
21 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7 /psychiatric drugs
akathisia
anxiolytics
dysphoric
dystonia
extreme restlessness and increased motor activity
means antianxiety drugs
extreme or exaggerated sadness anxiety or unhappiness
facial grimmacing/twisting of the neck into unnatural positions
akathisia
extreme restlessness and increased motor activity
anxiolytics
means antianxiety drugs
5 terms
Chapter 7 (Pharmacology)
Antibiotic
Bactericidal
Bacteriostatic
Dental infection
Substance produced by living organisms which is harmful to ot…
Antibiotics that kill bacteria
Antibiotics that inhibit bacterial multiplication
Pathological state resulting from the invasion of the dental…
Antibiotic
Substance produced by living organisms which is harmful to ot…
Bactericidal
Antibiotics that kill bacteria
14 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7 Terms
Afterload
Arrhythmia (dysrhythmia)
Automaticity
Bradyarrhythmia
The resistance (pressure) in arteries that must be overcome t…
A variation from the normal rhythm
The ability of cardiac muscle to generate impulses
Bradycardia associated with an irregularity of heart rhythm
Afterload
The resistance (pressure) in arteries that must be overcome t…
Arrhythmia (dysrhythmia)
A variation from the normal rhythm
11 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 7
Antibiotics
Broad-spectrum antibiotics
Cephalosporins
Fungus
Substances that kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms .
Effective against many microorganisms.
Derived from mold; agents exert their activity against young…
Eukaryotic organisms that contain no anloorophyII or vascular…
Antibiotics
Substances that kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms .
Broad-spectrum antibiotics
Effective against many microorganisms.
11 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7
alternative medicine
complementary medicine
conventional medicine
dietary supplement
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
the practice of medicine as taught in Western medical schools
a product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
alternative medicine
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
complementary medicine
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
Pharmacology Vocabulary: Chapter 7
Botanical
Complementary and alternative medicine
Dietary supplement and nonprescription…
Dietary supplement health and educatio…
a plant based substance
comprises an extremely diverse set of therapies and healing s…
law that requires companies that market herbal and dietary su…
primary law in the United States regulating herbal and dietar…
Botanical
a plant based substance
Complementary and alternative medicine
comprises an extremely diverse set of therapies and healing s…
8 terms
pharmacology- chapter 7
alternative medicine
complementary medicine
conventional medicine
dietary supplement
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
the practice of medicine as taught in Western medical schools
a product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
alternative medicine
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
complementary medicine
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
28 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
300,000
short term treatment
self-diagnose
high therapeutic index
how many OTC drugs are there available
how should OTC drugs be used?
when using the over the counter medications the consumer shou…
medications with a wide trough and peak
300,000
how many OTC drugs are there available
short term treatment
how should OTC drugs be used?
43 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
nurse practice act
standards of care
summary sheet
consent form
Rules and regulations established by the state boards of nurs…
Guidelines that have been developed for the practice of nursing
includes the patients name,address,DOB, attending physician,…
Grants permission to the healthcare facility and the healthca…
nurse practice act
Rules and regulations established by the state boards of nurs…
standards of care
Guidelines that have been developed for the practice of nursing
25 terms
Respiratory Pharmacology chapter 7
Clinical Indication for use of a antic…
Anticholinergic or Parasympatholytic A…
Lytic means ?
mimetic means ?
COPD Maintanence
blockers
blocker
stimulator
Clinical Indication for use of a antic…
COPD Maintanence
Anticholinergic or Parasympatholytic A…
blockers
11 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
What are Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drugs…
Name some hazards of OTC
What are the criteria for OTC drugs?
OTC medications now account for about…
short-term treatment of common minor illnesses
-May postpone effective treatment of more chronic disease sta…
Consumer must be able to diagnose condition and monitor effec…
60%
What are Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drugs…
short-term treatment of common minor illnesses
Name some hazards of OTC
-May postpone effective treatment of more chronic disease sta…
11 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Alternative Medicine
Complementary Medicine
Conventional Medicine
Dietary supplement
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with rather tha…
practice of medicine as taught in western medical school
contains an ingredient intended to supplement the diet, inclu…
Alternative Medicine
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Complementary Medicine
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with rather tha…
49 terms
Chapter 7 - Pharmacology
absorption
action
activated charcoal
adsorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
An oral medication that binds and absorbs ingested toxins in…
The process of binding or sticking to a surface.
absorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
13 terms
Pharmacology terms chapter 7
Teratogen
Preimplantation period
Embryonic period
Fetal period
A substance, organism or physical agent to which embryo or fe…
Weeks 1 to 2 of first trimester. At this stage of embryo is e…
From 3-8 weeks post conception. The period of complete sensit…
Weeks 9-40 post conception. Teratogens are most likely to spe…
Teratogen
A substance, organism or physical agent to which embryo or fe…
Preimplantation period
Weeks 1 to 2 of first trimester. At this stage of embryo is e…
11 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7
alternative medicine
complementary medicine
conventional medicine
dietary supplement
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
the practice of medicine as taught in western medical schools
a product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
alternative medicine
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
complementary medicine
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
22 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
local effect*
systematic effect*
therapeutic effect*
target organ*
drugs that are limited to the site of administration and thos…
drugs that can felt throughout the body in varying degrees
drug prescribed and selected to cure a disease, prevent a dis…
an organ toward which a drug is directed
local effect*
drugs that are limited to the site of administration and thos…
systematic effect*
drugs that can felt throughout the body in varying degrees
49 terms
Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology
Enteral Medications
Suspension
Prescription Medications.
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid or ASA)
Medications that enter the body through the digestive system.
A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly thr…
Medications that are distributed to patients only by pharmaci…
A medication that is an antipyretic (reduces fever), analgesi…
Enteral Medications
Medications that enter the body through the digestive system.
Suspension
A mixture of ground particles that are distributed evenly thr…
138 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
In dentistry, after main pain manageme…
Which bacteria produces caries?
the first important dental infection o…
treatment of choice for caries is?
anti-infective agents
streptococcus mutans
caries
prevention
In dentistry, after main pain manageme…
anti-infective agents
Which bacteria produces caries?
streptococcus mutans
59 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7
Ipratropium and tiotropium are indicat…
a combination ________ and B agonist s…
what is the brand name of ipratropium…
adult dose in _____ _____ form: 17ug/p…
bronchodilators
anticholinergic
atrovent HFA
HFAMDI
Ipratropium and tiotropium are indicat…
bronchodilators
a combination ________ and B agonist s…
anticholinergic
17 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7 Pediatric Pharmacology
apply principle of pharmacokinetics an…
Differentiate components of pharmacolo…
Synthesize knowledge about pediatric m…
atraumatic care
...
...
...
...
apply principle of pharmacokinetics an…
...
Differentiate components of pharmacolo…
...
23 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7
ROCM does cross ______ so it is not sa…
where is urea produced?
_________are administered to decrease…
mucomyst can be use to prevent _______…
placental barriers
liver
vasoconstrictors
renal dysfunction
ROCM does cross ______ so it is not sa…
placental barriers
where is urea produced?
liver
92 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
What route of medication delivery is f…
An oral pain medication is less useful…
What medication is prescribed for ches…
One of the newer delivery systems that…
Per rectum (PR)
IV pain medication
Nitroglycerin
an adhesive patch.
What route of medication delivery is f…
Per rectum (PR)
An oral pain medication is less useful…
IV pain medication
18 terms
Chapter 7: Pediatric Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Absorption
Distribution
Metabolism
The study of the time course of drug absorption, distribution…
Route of administration and the child's age, health status, a…
Body fluid and tissue composition, protein-binding capability…
Primarily the liver; kidneys and lungs play a small part... matu…
Pharmacokinetics
The study of the time course of drug absorption, distribution…
Absorption
Route of administration and the child's age, health status, a…
18 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Many Antidepressants are prescribed fo…
MAOI's are not often prescribed, Why?
Describe the symptoms of Bipolar Disor…
Name some drugs to treat schizophrenia:
OCD, Smoking, Bipolar Disorder & Anxiety
They have many interactions with foods & other drugs
Mania, Mood-Swings, Depression, etc.
Abilify, Risperdal, Seroquel & Zyprexa
Many Antidepressants are prescribed fo…
OCD, Smoking, Bipolar Disorder & Anxiety
MAOI's are not often prescribed, Why?
They have many interactions with foods & other drugs
48 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Three adverse effects of antibiotics
What can develop when bacteria is expo…
Treatment resistance may develop if? (3)
What happens if an antibiotic may caus…
1. bacterial resistance to the antibiotic... 2. superinfections…
resistance
1. the diagnosis was not made promptly... 2. inadequate doses we…
patient may get an exaggerated sunburn
Three adverse effects of antibiotics
1. bacterial resistance to the antibiotic... 2. superinfections…
What can develop when bacteria is expo…
resistance
21 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7
Alternative medicine
Complementary medicine
Conventional medicine
Dietary supplements
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
The practice of medicine as taught in western medical schools.
A product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
Alternative medicine
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
32 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
What are designer drugs?
What are club drugs?
What are analgesics
What is addiction?
created in illegal laboratories solely for making money and d…
substances taken at clubs, all-night parties, and raves?
pain reducing drugs
progressive and chronic abuse of a substance, a feeling that…
What are designer drugs?
created in illegal laboratories solely for making money and d…
What are club drugs?
substances taken at clubs, all-night parties, and raves?
10 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
What is the most common cause of morbi…
What is the MAR?
Root cause analysis (RCA)
Polypharmacy
Medication error
Medication-administration record is a source detailing what m…
Seeks to prevent another occurrence by asking what happened a…
Patients to receive multiple prescriptions that may have conf…
What is the most common cause of morbi…
Medication error
What is the MAR?
Medication-administration record is a source detailing what m…
47 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
Agonist
Antagonist
Indications
Contraindications
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors.
A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medica…
The reasons or conditions for which a particular medication i…
Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment ina…
Agonist
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors.
Antagonist
A medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medica…
50 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7 Study Guide
extreme or exaggerated sadness, anxiet…
a psychiatric disorder characterized b…
made within the body
another term for a hypnotic drug
dysphoric
bipolar disorder
endogenous
soporific
extreme or exaggerated sadness, anxiet…
dysphoric
a psychiatric disorder characterized b…
bipolar disorder
Chapter 7: Pediatric Pharmacology
Influencing factors of absorption
Factors that affect absorption for ora…
Factors that affect absorption for IM/…
Factors that affect absorption for top…
Child's age, health status, underlying disease, hydration, ro…
Gastric acidity, emptying, motility, surface area, enzyme lev…
Peripheral perfusion, effectiveness of circulation
Children's skin is thin and porous
Influencing factors of absorption
Child's age, health status, underlying disease, hydration, ro…
Factors that affect absorption for ora…
Gastric acidity, emptying, motility, surface area, enzyme lev…
33 terms
Fugate Pharmacology Chapter 7
Medication Errors... and Risk Reduction
Factors Contributing to Medication... Err…
Healthcare Provider Factors... Contributi…
Healthcare Provider Factors... Contributi…
...
• Healthcare provider factors... • Patient/Caregiver factors
• Omitting one of the rights of drug... administration... • Failing…
• Giving medications based on verbal orders... or phone orders... •…
Medication Errors... and Risk Reduction
...
Factors Contributing to Medication... Err…
• Healthcare provider factors... • Patient/Caregiver factors
55 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
What is T1/2?
What does biological half life mean?
What does Ke stand for?
What does elimination rate constant me…
Biological half life
the time it takes for a drug to decline by 50%. For a first o…
0.693 / (T1/2)= Kel or Ke - the elimination rate constant
how fast something is eliminated from the body
What is T1/2?
Biological half life
What does biological half life mean?
the time it takes for a drug to decline by 50%. For a first o…
22 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Bacteriostatic
Bacteriocidal
Bactericidal antibiotic
Bacteriostatic antibiotic
inhibit or retard the multiplication or growth of bacteria, o…
kill bacteria, once bacteria are separated from agent they do…
-Aminoglycosides... -Cephalosporins... -Metronidazole... -Macrolides... -…
-Chloramphenicol... -Clindamycin... -Macrolides... -Sulfonamides... -Tetr…
Bacteriostatic
inhibit or retard the multiplication or growth of bacteria, o…
Bacteriocidal
kill bacteria, once bacteria are separated from agent they do…
10 terms
PHARMACOLOGY: Chapter 7: Diuretics
Congestive heart failure (CHF)
Creatinine
Diuresis
Diuretics
Inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the b…
Compound that is produced by metabolism of creatine and excre…
Eliminating large amounts of urine
Used in the management of several chronic medical conditions…
Congestive heart failure (CHF)
Inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the b…
Creatinine
Compound that is produced by metabolism of creatine and excre…
47 terms
PHARMACOLOGY - Chapter 7 - Anticoagulants
Arterial clots
Arterial clots
Venous clot
Venous clots
Patient with hypertension reports severe pain in tissue. Upon…
Type of clot associated with plaque, hypertension, or turbule…
Type of clot associated with edema and inflammation
Pulmonary emboli are generally caused by which type of clots?
Arterial clots
Patient with hypertension reports severe pain in tissue. Upon…
Arterial clots
Type of clot associated with plaque, hypertension, or turbule…
16 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7 Drugs
Digoxin
Epinephrine
Dopamine
Pimobendan (Vetmedin)
Increase strength of cardiac contractions; decrease heart rat…
Cardiac resuscitation; treatment of anaphylaxis; Positive Ino…
Used in adjunctive treatment for acute heart failure and olig…
Treatment of atrioventricular insufficiency or dilated cardio…
Digoxin
Increase strength of cardiac contractions; decrease heart rat…
Epinephrine
Cardiac resuscitation; treatment of anaphylaxis; Positive Ino…
86 terms
CHAPTER 7 PHARMACOLOGY
(orthostatic hypotension), hyperkalemi…
Increased of hypotension is increased…
Increases levels of digoxin and lithiu…
ACEI'S, DIRUETICS, MAY PROVIDE ADDITIV…
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEI's)
ACEI's
ACEI's
ARB'S (SARTAN'S)
(orthostatic hypotension), hyperkalemi…
Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEI's)
Increased of hypotension is increased…
ACEI's
26 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology study guide
Antibiotic
Bacteriostatic
Bacteriocidal
Resistance
A chemical substance that suppresses or destroys microorganisms
Stops growth of bacteria
Bacterial cell lysis
Occurs when microorganisms are NOT affected by antimicrobial…
Antibiotic
A chemical substance that suppresses or destroys microorganisms
Bacteriostatic
Stops growth of bacteria
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