Study sets matching "pharm chapter 7"

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Study sets matching "pharm chapter 7"

Chapter 7 Pharmacology.
Pharmacology
A medication is used to:
agonist
Antagonist
the science of drugs
prevent disease/relieve pain
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors
a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medica…
Pharmacology
the science of drugs
A medication is used to:
prevent disease/relieve pain
55 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Adverse Drug Reaction
What are some of the most mild reactio…
What are some of the severe reactions…
Which patients are more vulnerable to…
*ADR- any noxious, unintended, and undesired effect that occu…
drowsiness, nausea, itching, and rash
respiratory depression, neutropenia, hepatocellular injury (d…
*elderly and the very young ... *patients receiving multiple drugs
Adverse Drug Reaction
*ADR- any noxious, unintended, and undesired effect that occu…
What are some of the most mild reactio…
drowsiness, nausea, itching, and rash
22 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
nitroglycerin
two types of side effects:
two types route medication:
inhalation
chest pain
unintended effects and untoward effects
enteral and parental
inhaling or breathing in
nitroglycerin
chest pain
two types of side effects:
unintended effects and untoward effects
90 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Dose depends on
Alpha 1
Alpha 2
The study of the properties and effects of drugs and medicati…
Patients size... patients age ... Adult or Child ... Desired action of…
Peripheral vasoconstriction
Peripheral vasodilation... Little or no branchoconstriction
Pharmacology
The study of the properties and effects of drugs and medicati…
Dose depends on
Patients size... patients age ... Adult or Child ... Desired action of…
Pharmacology chapter 7
Hypokalemia
Diuretics
Nephron
Blood to the nephron by
Low level of potassium
Prevents reabsorption of sodium and water by the kidneys. Cau…
Is the functioning unit of the kidney.
The afferent artiole.
Hypokalemia
Low level of potassium
Diuretics
Prevents reabsorption of sodium and water by the kidneys. Cau…
11 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology Terms
Alternative Medicine
Complementary medicine
Conventional medicine
Dietary Supplement
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
The practice of medicine as taught in Western medical schools.
A product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
Alternative Medicine
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
6 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Anticholinergic Bronchodilator
Antimuscarinic Bronchodilator
Cholinergic
Muscarinic
agent that blocks parasympathetic nervous fibers, which allow…
same as anticholinergic bronchodilator, agent that blocks the…
agent that produces the effect of acetylcholine
same as cholinergic, agent that produces the effect of acetyl…
Anticholinergic Bronchodilator
agent that blocks parasympathetic nervous fibers, which allow…
Antimuscarinic Bronchodilator
same as anticholinergic bronchodilator, agent that blocks the…
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Dose
Loading dose
Maintenance dose
Prophylactic dose
The amount of a drug that a patient takes for an intended the…
Comparatively large dose given at the beginning of treatment…
A dose that keeps the plasma drug concentration of a drug con…
A dose that is given in order to prevent a disease.
Dose
The amount of a drug that a patient takes for an intended the…
Loading dose
Comparatively large dose given at the beginning of treatment…
15 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
alternative medicine
complementary medicine
conventional medicine
dietary supplement
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
the practice of median as taught in Western medical schools
a product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
alternative medicine
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
complementary medicine
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
pharmacology chapter 7
Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR)
Side Effects
Toxicity
Allergic Reaction
Any noxious, unintended, and undesired effect that occurs at…
A nearly unavoidable secondary drug effect produced at therap…
The degree of detrimental physiologic effects caused by exces…
Is an immune response. For an allergic reaction to occur thei…
Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR)
Any noxious, unintended, and undesired effect that occurs at…
Side Effects
A nearly unavoidable secondary drug effect produced at therap…
Pharmacology chapter 7
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Terminal end fibers
Basic unit of nervous system
Rootlike structures that Receive impulses and conduct them to…
Single process that extends away from cell body and conducts…
Branching fibers that lead the impulse away from the axon and…
Neuron
Basic unit of nervous system
Dendrites
Rootlike structures that Receive impulses and conduct them to…
44 terms
Chapter 7 pharmacology
Pharmacodynamics
Agonist
Antagonists
Intended effect
The process by which a medication works on the body
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
Medications that binds to a receptor and block other medicati…
The therapeutic effect that a medication is expected to have…
Pharmacodynamics
The process by which a medication works on the body
Agonist
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
6 terms
Chapter 7. Pharmacology
Antihistamines
Histamines
Antitussives
Bronchodilators
Used to block histamines from binding with histamine receptor…
Cause sneezing, runny nose, itchiness and rashes
Relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in…
Stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, thereby expanding air p…
Antihistamines
Used to block histamines from binding with histamine receptor…
Histamines
Cause sneezing, runny nose, itchiness and rashes
52 terms
pharmacology chapter 7
phenobarbital
pentobarbital
primidone
diazepam
Barbituate. C-IV. Depresses the motor centers of the cerebral…
Barbituate. C-II. IV, sometimes PO. Control seizures, especia…
Barbituate. PO. Side effects are ataxia, PU/PD, and polyphagia.
Benzodiazepine. C-IV. Anticonvulsant. IV or PO. Works by incr…
phenobarbital
Barbituate. C-IV. Depresses the motor centers of the cerebral…
pentobarbital
Barbituate. C-II. IV, sometimes PO. Control seizures, especia…
15 terms
Pharmacology chapter7
Phenobarbital barbital solfolon
Phenobarbital sodium luminal
Clonazepam klonopin
Clorazepate tranxene
Treats seizure disorder :grand mal
Treats status epilepticus
Treats seizure disorder K
Treats Seizure disorders T
Phenobarbital barbital solfolon
Treats seizure disorder :grand mal
Phenobarbital sodium luminal
Treats status epilepticus
Pharmacology (Chapter 7)
Antibiotic
Antihistamine
Antitussive
Bronchodilator
Kills bacteria causing respiratory infections
Blocks the effects of histamine that has been released by the…
Relieves the urge to cough
Relaxes muscle spasms in bronchial tubes. Used to treat asthma
Antibiotic
Kills bacteria causing respiratory infections
Antihistamine
Blocks the effects of histamine that has been released by the…
Pharmacology chapter 7
Anticoagulants
Antiplatelets
Embolus
Essential thrombocythemia
drugs that prevent formation of new clots and extension of cl…
drugs that prevent one or more steps in the prothrombotic act…
object that migrates through the circulation until it lodges…
chronic blood disorder characterized by the overproduction of…
Anticoagulants
drugs that prevent formation of new clots and extension of cl…
Antiplatelets
drugs that prevent one or more steps in the prothrombotic act…
Chapter 7- Pharmacology
epinephrine
intraosseuous (IO)
contraindications
parenteral medications
increases pulse rate and blood pressure
delivered through the bone
condition that makes a particular med/treatment inappropriate…
meds that enter the body by a route other than the digestive…
epinephrine
increases pulse rate and blood pressure
intraosseuous (IO)
delivered through the bone
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Documentation of Drug Administration
Medication Errors Reporting (MER) Prog…
Method Reconciliation
Reporting of Medication Errors
Recording the medication given to a patient on the patients m…
The United States Pharmacopiea (USP) established medication e…
Is a method used to compare the medications a patient is taki…
So that corrective steps can be taken. Notifying the FDA of s…
Documentation of Drug Administration
Recording the medication given to a patient on the patients m…
Medication Errors Reporting (MER) Prog…
The United States Pharmacopiea (USP) established medication e…
18 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
a semiliquid substance that is adminis…
an injection into a muscle; medication…
the simultaneous use of multiple medic…
medication that increases cardiac perf…
gel
intramuscular
polypharmacy
nitroglycerin
a semiliquid substance that is adminis…
gel
an injection into a muscle; medication…
intramuscular
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Dose
Indications
Contraindications
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
The amount of medication given
The therapeutic uses for a specific medication
Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment ina…
Pharmacology
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
Dose
The amount of medication given
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Microorganisms or microbes
Pathogens
Infection
Clostridium perfringens
Commonly called germs are tiny, one-celled plants and animals
Are harmful microorganisms that produce infections and disease
Is an invasion by pathogens that reproduce, multiply, and cau…
Microorganisms that feed on organic matter which causes gangr…
Microorganisms or microbes
Commonly called germs are tiny, one-celled plants and animals
Pathogens
Are harmful microorganisms that produce infections and disease
82 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
pharmacology
medication
pharmacodynamics
agonist
the science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
a chemical substance used to prevent disease or relieve pain
the process by which medication works on the body
medication that causes stimulation of receptors
pharmacology
the science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
medication
a chemical substance used to prevent disease or relieve pain
33 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
agonist
antagonists
contraindications
unintended vs untoward effects
medication that causes stimulation of receptors
medications that bind to a receptor and and block other medic…
times when you should not give a medication... ex: activated cha…
unintended: undesirable but little risk... untoward: effects tha…
agonist
medication that causes stimulation of receptors
antagonists
medications that bind to a receptor and and block other medic…
77 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
4 receptors... Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
2 receptors... Acetylcholine
Sympathetic nervous system... Adrenergic…
Smooth muscles of blood vessels
Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)
Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)
Alpha1... Alpha2... Beta1... Beta2
Alpha1
4 receptors... Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)
2 receptors... Acetylcholine
Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)
93 terms
Pharmacology - chapter 7
Angioedema
Beta (B)- lactam ring
glossitis
malaise
Localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
Portion of the penicillin drug molecule that can break a bact…
inflammation of the tongue
discomfort, uneasiness
Angioedema
Localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
Beta (B)- lactam ring
Portion of the penicillin drug molecule that can break a bact…
Pharmacology (chapter 7)
Pharmacology
Medication
Pharmacodynamics
Agonist
The scene of drugs, including their ingredients, preparation,…
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
The process by which a medication works on the body.
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
Pharmacology
The scene of drugs, including their ingredients, preparation,…
Medication
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
Pharmacology chapter 7
Excitability
Membrane potential (Vm)
Ohm's law
Hyperpolarisation
Ability of a cell to generate and propagate action potentials…
Difference in charge across membrane. Change in Vm due to cha…
I= V/R where I is size of current, V is potential difference…
Occurs when Vm decreases below the value at rest
Excitability
Ability of a cell to generate and propagate action potentials…
Membrane potential (Vm)
Difference in charge across membrane. Change in Vm due to cha…
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
bactericidial
bacteriostatic
antibiotic side effects
symbiosis
antibiotics that kill bacteria
inhibit bacteria multiplication
bacterial resistance,superinfections,gi effects,allergic reac…
cooperation of two organisms living in the same envirnoment
bactericidial
antibiotics that kill bacteria
bacteriostatic
inhibit bacteria multiplication
chapter 7 pharmacology
neuron
afferent
efferent
CNS
basic unit of the nervous system
away-sensory
cause reaction- motor
brain and spinal cord
neuron
basic unit of the nervous system
afferent
away-sensory
43 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Adrenergic blocker agents
Adrenergic receptors
Cholinergics receptors
Dopamine receptor
Drugs that antagonize the secretion of epinephrine and norepi…
Receptors that mediate responses to epinephrine (adrenaline)…
Receptors that mediate responses to acetylcholine
An adrenergic receptor
Adrenergic blocker agents
Drugs that antagonize the secretion of epinephrine and norepi…
Adrenergic receptors
Receptors that mediate responses to epinephrine (adrenaline)…
61 terms
Chapter 7- Pharmacology
absorption
action
activated charcoal
Sorbital
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
An oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in…
Activated charcoal is frequently suspended in this solution.…
absorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
15 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
When converting from larger to smaller…
When converting from smaller to larger…
The ZERO rule...
Avoirdupois System
*multiply by 1,000... *move decimal three places to right
*divide by 1,000... *move decimal three places to left
always leads.... 0.25... never follows.... 25.0
all units based on pound/ounce ... most common use is for weighi…
When converting from larger to smaller…
*multiply by 1,000... *move decimal three places to right
When converting from smaller to larger…
*divide by 1,000... *move decimal three places to left
21 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
alternative medicine
complementary medicine
conventional medicine
dietary supplement
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
practice of medicine as taught in Western medical schools
product that contains an ingredient intend to supplement the…
alternative medicine
herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
complementary medicine
alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
57 terms
Pharmacology Drugs (Chapter 7)
What are acetycholine receptor antagon…
what are muscarinic receptor blockers…
what are nicotinic receptor blockers u…
What are the effects of parasympatholy…
drugs that selectively block either muscarinic or nicotinic r…
to relax smooth muscle , decrease gland secretion, or increas…
to relax skeletal muscle
to inhibit the effects of parasympathetic nerve stimulation b…
What are acetycholine receptor antagon…
drugs that selectively block either muscarinic or nicotinic r…
what are muscarinic receptor blockers…
to relax smooth muscle , decrease gland secretion, or increas…
Chapter 7: Math for Pharmacology
Apothecary System
Body Surface Area (BSA)
Clark's Rule
Denominator
Oldest system of measurement in which dry weight is measured…
Calculation of the child's height and weight, expressed as m^…
Most common law used in the calculation of drug dosage for ch…
Bottom number of a fraction.
Apothecary System
Oldest system of measurement in which dry weight is measured…
Body Surface Area (BSA)
Calculation of the child's height and weight, expressed as m^…
21 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7 vocabulary
anaphylactic reaction
angioedema
bacterial resistance
beta lactam ring
unusual or exaggerated allergic reactions; see anaphylactic s…
localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
phenomenon by which a bacteria produced substance inactivates…
portion of the penicillin drug molecule that can break a bact…
anaphylactic reaction
unusual or exaggerated allergic reactions; see anaphylactic s…
angioedema
localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
52 terms
EMT Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology
Absorption
Action
Activated Charcoal
Adsorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
An oral medication that binds and ADSORBS ingested toxins in…
The process of binding or sticking to a surface.
Absorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
Action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
84 terms
Principles of Pharmacology (Chapter 7)
What is pharmacology?
What is pharmacodynamics?
How does a medication work?
Agonist
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
The process by which a medication works on the body
It is taken into the body and binds to receptor sites in cell…
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
What is pharmacology?
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
What is pharmacodynamics?
The process by which a medication works on the body
12 terms
MTC pharmacology chapter 7
safe and accurate administration of me…
responsibility for safe administration…
medication errors can occcur in the fo…
what reduces the chances if error in p…
knowledge... judgment... skill
the health care practitioner be familiar with every medicatio…
administering a drug to the wrong patients, wrong route, wron…
meticulous care
safe and accurate administration of me…
knowledge... judgment... skill
responsibility for safe administration…
the health care practitioner be familiar with every medicatio…
Chapter 7: Pediatric Pharmacology
Drug absorption in babies vs adults
Rate of gastric emptying in neonates/i…
How would you expect topical medicatio…
The nurse is preparing to administer a…
neonate/infants have ↓ absorption.
gastric emptying is prolonged in neonates/infants and thus re…
more readily absorbed/enhanced bc children's skin is thinner…
infants (&neonates) have less body fat and because fat-solubl…
Drug absorption in babies vs adults
neonate/infants have ↓ absorption.
Rate of gastric emptying in neonates/i…
gastric emptying is prolonged in neonates/infants and thus re…
Chapter 7: Pediatric Pharmacology
What is the degree and rate of absorpt…
pH of stomach at birth
When is pH acidic?
Neonate water % of body
Absorption is based on age, health status, and weight ... Hydra…
Alkaline
between 1-3 years
70%
What is the degree and rate of absorpt…
Absorption is based on age, health status, and weight ... Hydra…
pH of stomach at birth
Alkaline
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Types of Syringes
Parts of Syringe
Needles
Length size of most common needles
Hypodermic- fitted with a needle... Oral syringes- oral medicati…
Barrel- has calibrations... Plunger- has top and bottom ring... Tip…
-Stainless steel tube... Made of: ... Hub-attaches to syringe... -Shaf…
Range from 3/8 to 2 inches
Types of Syringes
Hypodermic- fitted with a needle... Oral syringes- oral medicati…
Parts of Syringe
Barrel- has calibrations... Plunger- has top and bottom ring... Tip…
Core Concepts in Pharmacology Chapter 7
Addiction
Alcohol intoxication
Analgesics
Attention deficit disorder
The progressive and chronic abuse of a substance, is an overw…
Occurs when muscle coordination is lost and mental function i…
Pain reducing drugs
...
Addiction
The progressive and chronic abuse of a substance, is an overw…
Alcohol intoxication
Occurs when muscle coordination is lost and mental function i…
Chapter 7 - EMT (Pharmacology)
Action
Intended effect
Medication
Indications
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body
Chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease o…
Reasons/conditions for which a particular medication is given…
Action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
Intended effect
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body
5 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7 Drugs
Temazepam
Hydroxyzine
Ramelteon
Zolpidem
General: Restoril... I.F.U: sleep problems... Category: Sleep Age…
General: Atarax, Vistaril... I.F.U: Anxiety... Category: Antianxi…
General: Rozerem... I.F.U: Insomnia... Category: Sleep Agents... Pr…
General: Ambien... I.F.U: Short-term insomnia... Category: Z Hypn…
Temazepam
General: Restoril... I.F.U: sleep problems... Category: Sleep Age…
Hydroxyzine
General: Atarax, Vistaril... I.F.U: Anxiety... Category: Antianxi…
11 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses Chapter 7
Medication Error
medication error index
Medication errors
Medication administration record (MAR)
any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate…
categorizes medication errors by evaluating the extent of the…
the most common cause of morbidity and preventable death with…
documentation of all pharmacotherapies received by the patient
Medication Error
any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate…
medication error index
categorizes medication errors by evaluating the extent of the…
49 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Epinephrine
OTC
Oral
Pharmacodynamics
A substance produced by the body (commonly called adrenaline)…
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient witho…
By mouth; Medication delivery route
The process by which a medication works in the body
Epinephrine
A substance produced by the body (commonly called adrenaline)…
OTC
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient witho…
48 terms
Chapter 7 - Pharmacology
absorption
action
activated charcoal
adsorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissues…
therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
oral medication that binds and absorbs ingested toxins in the…
process of binding or sticking to a surface
absorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissues…
action
therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
Chapter 7 pharmacology
Ginger
Flax
Saw palmetto
Kava
Used for relief of nausea and vomiting induced by cancer chem…
Both the seed and the oil of this plant are used to reduce hi…
Used to relieve the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia
Used to help promote relaxation or sleep . However, prolonged…
Ginger
Used for relief of nausea and vomiting induced by cancer chem…
Flax
Both the seed and the oil of this plant are used to reduce hi…
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