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Study sets matching "pharm chapter 7"

19 terms
Chapter 7- Pharmacology
epinephrine
intraosseuous (IO)
contraindications
parenteral medications
increases pulse rate and blood pressure
delivered through the bone
condition that makes a particular med/treatment inappropriate…
meds that enter the body by a route other than the digestive…
epinephrine
increases pulse rate and blood pressure
intraosseuous (IO)
delivered through the bone
18 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
a semiliquid substance that is adminis…
an injection into a muscle; medication…
the simultaneous use of multiple medic…
medication that increases cardiac perf…
gel
intramuscular
polypharmacy
nitroglycerin
a semiliquid substance that is adminis…
gel
an injection into a muscle; medication…
intramuscular
19 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Dose
Indications
Contraindications
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
The amount of medication given
The therapeutic uses for a specific medication
Conditions that make a particular medication or treatment ina…
Pharmacology
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
Dose
The amount of medication given
55 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Adverse Drug Reaction
What are some of the most mild reactio…
What are some of the severe reactions…
Which patients are more vulnerable to…
*ADR- any noxious, unintended, and undesired effect that occu…
drowsiness, nausea, itching, and rash
respiratory depression, neutropenia, hepatocellular injury (d…
*elderly and the very young ... *patients receiving multiple drugs
Adverse Drug Reaction
*ADR- any noxious, unintended, and undesired effect that occu…
What are some of the most mild reactio…
drowsiness, nausea, itching, and rash
8 terms
Pharmacology (Chapter 7)
Antibiotic
Antihistamine
Antitussive
Bronchodilator
Kills bacteria causing respiratory infections
Blocks the effects of histamine that has been released by the…
Relieves the urge to cough
Relaxes muscle spasms in bronchial tubes. Used to treat asthma
Antibiotic
Kills bacteria causing respiratory infections
Antihistamine
Blocks the effects of histamine that has been released by the…
14 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Terminal end fibers
Basic unit of nervous system
Rootlike structures that Receive impulses and conduct them to…
Single process that extends away from cell body and conducts…
Branching fibers that lead the impulse away from the axon and…
Neuron
Basic unit of nervous system
Dendrites
Rootlike structures that Receive impulses and conduct them to…
18 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Microorganisms or microbes
Pathogens
Infection
Clostridium perfringens
Commonly called germs are tiny, one-celled plants and animals
Are harmful microorganisms that produce infections and disease
Is an invasion by pathogens that reproduce, multiply, and cau…
Microorganisms that feed on organic matter which causes gangr…
Microorganisms or microbes
Commonly called germs are tiny, one-celled plants and animals
Pathogens
Are harmful microorganisms that produce infections and disease
33 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
agonist
antagonists
contraindications
unintended vs untoward effects
medication that causes stimulation of receptors
medications that bind to a receptor and and block other medic…
times when you should not give a medication... ex: activated cha…
unintended: undesirable but little risk... untoward: effects tha…
agonist
medication that causes stimulation of receptors
antagonists
medications that bind to a receptor and and block other medic…
82 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology
pharmacology
medication
pharmacodynamics
agonist
the science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
a chemical substance used to prevent disease or relieve pain
the process by which medication works on the body
medication that causes stimulation of receptors
pharmacology
the science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
medication
a chemical substance used to prevent disease or relieve pain
77 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
4 receptors... Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
2 receptors... Acetylcholine
Sympathetic nervous system... Adrenergic…
Smooth muscles of blood vessels
Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)
Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)
Alpha1... Alpha2... Beta1... Beta2
Alpha1
4 receptors... Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)
2 receptors... Acetylcholine
Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)
44 terms
Chapter 7 pharmacology
Pharmacodynamics
Agonist
Antagonists
Intended effect
The process by which a medication works on the body
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
Medications that binds to a receptor and block other medicati…
The therapeutic effect that a medication is expected to have…
Pharmacodynamics
The process by which a medication works on the body
Agonist
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
93 terms
Pharmacology - chapter 7
Angioedema
Beta (B)- lactam ring
glossitis
malaise
Localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
Portion of the penicillin drug molecule that can break a bact…
inflammation of the tongue
discomfort, uneasiness
Angioedema
Localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
Beta (B)- lactam ring
Portion of the penicillin drug molecule that can break a bact…
116 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
bactericidial
bacteriostatic
antibiotic side effects
symbiosis
antibiotics that kill bacteria
inhibit bacteria multiplication
bacterial resistance,superinfections,gi effects,allergic reac…
cooperation of two organisms living in the same envirnoment
bactericidial
antibiotics that kill bacteria
bacteriostatic
inhibit bacteria multiplication
65 terms
Pharmacology (chapter 7)
Pharmacology
Medication
Pharmacodynamics
Agonist
The scene of drugs, including their ingredients, preparation,…
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
The process by which a medication works on the body.
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
Pharmacology
The scene of drugs, including their ingredients, preparation,…
Medication
A chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease…
Pharmacology chapter 7
Excitability
Membrane potential (Vm)
Ohm's law
Hyperpolarisation
Ability of a cell to generate and propagate action potentials…
Difference in charge across membrane. Change in Vm due to cha…
I= V/R where I is size of current, V is potential difference…
Occurs when Vm decreases below the value at rest
Excitability
Ability of a cell to generate and propagate action potentials…
Membrane potential (Vm)
Difference in charge across membrane. Change in Vm due to cha…
91 terms
chapter 7 pharmacology
neuron
afferent
efferent
CNS
basic unit of the nervous system
away-sensory
cause reaction- motor
brain and spinal cord
neuron
basic unit of the nervous system
afferent
away-sensory
43 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Adrenergic blocker agents
Adrenergic receptors
Cholinergics receptors
Dopamine receptor
Drugs that antagonize the secretion of epinephrine and norepi…
Receptors that mediate responses to epinephrine (adrenaline)…
Receptors that mediate responses to acetylcholine
An adrenergic receptor
Adrenergic blocker agents
Drugs that antagonize the secretion of epinephrine and norepi…
Adrenergic receptors
Receptors that mediate responses to epinephrine (adrenaline)…
61 terms
Chapter 7- Pharmacology
absorption
action
activated charcoal
Sorbital
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
An oral medication that binds and adsorbs ingested toxins in…
Activated charcoal is frequently suspended in this solution.…
absorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
15 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 7
When converting from larger to smaller…
When converting from smaller to larger…
The ZERO rule...
Avoirdupois System
*multiply by 1,000... *move decimal three places to right
*divide by 1,000... *move decimal three places to left
always leads.... 0.25... never follows.... 25.0
all units based on pound/ounce ... most common use is for weighi…
When converting from larger to smaller…
*multiply by 1,000... *move decimal three places to right
When converting from smaller to larger…
*divide by 1,000... *move decimal three places to left
52 terms
EMT Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology
Absorption
Action
Activated Charcoal
Adsorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
An oral medication that binds and ADSORBS ingested toxins in…
The process of binding or sticking to a surface.
Absorption
The process by which medications travel through body tissues…
Action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body.
18 terms
Chapter 7: Math for Pharmacology
Apothecary System
Body Surface Area (BSA)
Clark's Rule
Denominator
Oldest system of measurement in which dry weight is measured…
Calculation of the child's height and weight, expressed as m^…
Most common law used in the calculation of drug dosage for ch…
Bottom number of a fraction.
Apothecary System
Oldest system of measurement in which dry weight is measured…
Body Surface Area (BSA)
Calculation of the child's height and weight, expressed as m^…
84 terms
Principles of Pharmacology (Chapter 7)
What is pharmacology?
What is pharmacodynamics?
How does a medication work?
Agonist
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
The process by which a medication works on the body
It is taken into the body and binds to receptor sites in cell…
A medication that causes stimulation of receptors
What is pharmacology?
The science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
What is pharmacodynamics?
The process by which a medication works on the body
57 terms
Pharmacology Drugs (Chapter 7)
What are acetycholine receptor antagon…
what are muscarinic receptor blockers…
what are nicotinic receptor blockers u…
What are the effects of parasympatholy…
drugs that selectively block either muscarinic or nicotinic r…
to relax smooth muscle , decrease gland secretion, or increas…
to relax skeletal muscle
to inhibit the effects of parasympathetic nerve stimulation b…
What are acetycholine receptor antagon…
drugs that selectively block either muscarinic or nicotinic r…
what are muscarinic receptor blockers…
to relax smooth muscle , decrease gland secretion, or increas…
21 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7 vocabulary
anaphylactic reaction
angioedema
bacterial resistance
beta lactam ring
unusual or exaggerated allergic reactions; see anaphylactic s…
localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
phenomenon by which a bacteria produced substance inactivates…
portion of the penicillin drug molecule that can break a bact…
anaphylactic reaction
unusual or exaggerated allergic reactions; see anaphylactic s…
angioedema
localized wheals or swellings in subcutaneous tissues or muco…
12 terms
MTC pharmacology chapter 7
safe and accurate administration of me…
responsibility for safe administration…
medication errors can occcur in the fo…
what reduces the chances if error in p…
knowledge... judgment... skill
the health care practitioner be familiar with every medicatio…
administering a drug to the wrong patients, wrong route, wron…
meticulous care
safe and accurate administration of me…
knowledge... judgment... skill
responsibility for safe administration…
the health care practitioner be familiar with every medicatio…
Core Concepts in Pharmacology Chapter 7
Addiction
Alcohol intoxication
Analgesics
Attention deficit disorder
The progressive and chronic abuse of a substance, is an overw…
Occurs when muscle coordination is lost and mental function i…
Pain reducing drugs
...
Addiction
The progressive and chronic abuse of a substance, is an overw…
Alcohol intoxication
Occurs when muscle coordination is lost and mental function i…
94 terms
Chapter 7 - EMT (Pharmacology)
Action
Intended effect
Medication
Indications
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body
Chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease o…
Reasons/conditions for which a particular medication is given…
Action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
Intended effect
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body
Pharmacology Chapter 7
Types of Syringes
Parts of Syringe
Needles
Length size of most common needles
Hypodermic- fitted with a needle... Oral syringes- oral medicati…
Barrel- has calibrations... Plunger- has top and bottom ring... Tip…
-Stainless steel tube... Made of: ... Hub-attaches to syringe... -Shaf…
Range from 3/8 to 2 inches
Types of Syringes
Hypodermic- fitted with a needle... Oral syringes- oral medicati…
Parts of Syringe
Barrel- has calibrations... Plunger- has top and bottom ring... Tip…
49 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
Epinephrine
OTC
Oral
Pharmacodynamics
A substance produced by the body (commonly called adrenaline)…
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient witho…
By mouth; Medication delivery route
The process by which a medication works in the body
Epinephrine
A substance produced by the body (commonly called adrenaline)…
OTC
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient witho…
48 terms
Chapter 7 - Pharmacology
absorption
action
activated charcoal
adsorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissues…
therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
oral medication that binds and absorbs ingested toxins in the…
process of binding or sticking to a surface
absorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissues…
action
therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
11 terms
Pharmacology for Nurses Chapter 7
Medication Error
medication error index
Medication errors
Medication administration record (MAR)
any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate…
categorizes medication errors by evaluating the extent of the…
the most common cause of morbidity and preventable death with…
documentation of all pharmacotherapies received by the patient
Medication Error
any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate…
medication error index
categorizes medication errors by evaluating the extent of the…
14 terms
Chapter 7 pharmacology
Ginger
Flax
Saw palmetto
Kava
Used for relief of nausea and vomiting induced by cancer chem…
Both the seed and the oil of this plant are used to reduce hi…
Used to relieve the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia
Used to help promote relaxation or sleep . However, prolonged…
Ginger
Used for relief of nausea and vomiting induced by cancer chem…
Flax
Both the seed and the oil of this plant are used to reduce hi…
56 terms
EMT Chapter 7 - Pharmacology
(Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin
(Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin
(Indications:) Nitroglycerin
(Contraindications:) Nitroglycerin
(Type of drug:) Vasodilator.
(Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and veins, i…
(Indications:) Treatment of angina pain and acute myocardial…
(Contraindications:) Cerebral hemorrhage, sexual enhancement…
(Type of drug:) Nitroglycerin
(Type of drug:) Vasodilator.
(Mechanism of Action:) Nitroglycerin
(Mechanism of Action:) Dilates coronary arteries and veins, i…
94 terms
Chapter 7 - EMT (Pharmacology)
Action
Intended effect
Medication
Indications
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body
Chemical substance that is used to treat or prevent disease o…
Reasons/conditions for which a particular medication is given…
Action
The therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
Intended effect
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body
32 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
pharmacology
pharmacodynamics
agonist
antagonists
the science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
the process by which a medication works on the body
a medication that causes stimulation of receptors
medications that bind to a receptor and block other medications
pharmacology
the science of drugs, including their ingredients, preparatio…
pharmacodynamics
the process by which a medication works on the body
30 terms
EMT Chapter 7 Pharmacology
receptors:
agonist:
antagonist:
untoward effects
-sites on cells where chemicals bind to cause reactions... -medi…
-medication that causes stimulation of receptors
-medication that binds to receptors + block other medications
-effects that can be harmful to the patient
receptors:
-sites on cells where chemicals bind to cause reactions... -medi…
agonist:
-medication that causes stimulation of receptors
21 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 7
Alternative medicine
Complementary medicine
Conventional medicine
Dietary supplement
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
The practice of medicine as taught in Western medical schools
A product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
Alternative medicine
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
8 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7 Pediactric
Pediatric pharmacology
Absorption
Purcutaneous absorption
Distribution
more sensitive to drugs and shows a greater variation in drug…
based on child's age, health status , weight, and route of ad…
skin is thin, therefore, absorption will be increased.
_____of a child is affected by factors such as: body fluids c…
Pediatric pharmacology
more sensitive to drugs and shows a greater variation in drug…
Absorption
based on child's age, health status , weight, and route of ad…
104 terms
EMT Chapter 7: Pharmacology
The process by which medications trave…
The therapeutic effect of a medication…
An oral medication that binds and adso…
The process of binding or sticking to…
Absorption
Action
Activated Charcoal
Adsorption
The process by which medications trave…
Absorption
The therapeutic effect of a medication…
Action
20 terms
Pharmacology chapter 7
phenobarbital
xylazine
acepromzine
phenylpropanolamine
anticonvulsant drug
alpha- 2 agonist
phenothiazine derivative tranquilizer
adrenergic drug
phenobarbital
anticonvulsant drug
xylazine
alpha- 2 agonist
19 terms
Pharmacology-Chapter 7: Nervous Drugs
Adrenergic Blocking
Adrenergic Drug
Analgesic
Anesthetic
drugs that block the effects of the adrenergic neurotransmitt…
drugs that simulate the sympathetic nervous system; also call…
pain relievers
drugs that interfere with the conduction of nerve impulses an…
Adrenergic Blocking
drugs that block the effects of the adrenergic neurotransmitt…
Adrenergic Drug
drugs that simulate the sympathetic nervous system; also call…
105 terms
CCFD EMT-A CHAPTER 7 PHARMACOLOGY
Adverse reactions
Dose
Epinephrine
Tylenol
What effects can the drug cause if the drug doesn't work as d…
Amt. of meds given on the basis of a pt's size and age.
-1:1000 Anaphylaxis ONLY... -Auto-injector
...
Adverse reactions
What effects can the drug cause if the drug doesn't work as d…
Dose
Amt. of meds given on the basis of a pt's size and age.
15 terms
Chapter 7: Pharmacology Questions
After taking diphendydramine (Benadryl…
A medication with antagonistic propert…
Aspirin is beneficial to patients susp…
A 49-year-old male with an extensive c…
A
A
A
D
After taking diphendydramine (Benadryl…
A
A medication with antagonistic propert…
A
41 terms
Chapter 7 pharmacology
Which of the following is an example o…
When gathering a patients medications,…
Which of the following is the most rap…
Which of the following medication rout…
asprin
Motrin
Intravenous(IV)
Oral
Which of the following is an example o…
asprin
When gathering a patients medications,…
Motrin
53 terms
AAOS - Chapter 7: Pharmacology.
Official Name
Schedule 1
Schedule 2
Schedule 3
Medican name given by the FDA and listed in the USP
No medical use.
High abuse potential, includes amphetamines, opiates, cocaine…
Vicodin (Tylenol and Codine)
Official Name
Medican name given by the FDA and listed in the USP
Schedule 1
No medical use.
20 terms
Pharmacology II Chapter 7
3 Basic metric units of measurement
M -> mm
M -> cm
Cm -> mm
Gram, liter, meter
1m = 1,000mm
1m = 100cm
1cm = 10mm
3 Basic metric units of measurement
Gram, liter, meter
M -> mm
1m = 1,000mm
87 terms
EMT chapter 7 pharmacology
Lipitor/atrovastain
Singulair/montelukast
Lexapro/esctalopram
Nexium/esomeprazole
Lowers cholesterol
Helps prevent asthma attacks
Depression
Gastric reflux
Lipitor/atrovastain
Lowers cholesterol
Singulair/montelukast
Helps prevent asthma attacks
23 terms
pharmacology chapter 7 outline
Patients on long term diuretics
Diuretics used to prevent
Diuretics tx
Kidney physiology
at higher risk for hypokalemia
re-absorption of sodium and water by the kidneys (cause excre…
number of fluid disorders
maintain homeostasis, filter blood, and remove water and solu…
Patients on long term diuretics
at higher risk for hypokalemia
Diuretics used to prevent
re-absorption of sodium and water by the kidneys (cause excre…
30 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7
antibiotic
bactericidal
bacteriostatic
dental infection
substances produced by living organisms which are harmful to…
antibiotics that kill bacteria
antibiotics inhibit bacterial from multiplication; controls t…
...
antibiotic
substances produced by living organisms which are harmful to…
bactericidal
antibiotics that kill bacteria
20 terms
Chapter 7 Pharmacology
what are the most common side effects?
hx of prior allergy-like reaction to c…
mild side effects include:
LOCM is associated with a ________rate…
hives... rash... nausea... headache
5 fold increase
limited urticarial... limited ruritis... limited edema ... limited itc…
very low
what are the most common side effects?
hives... rash... nausea... headache
hx of prior allergy-like reaction to c…
5 fold increase
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