Study sets matching "pharm"

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Study sets matching "pharm"

33 terms
Pharmacology
Amantadine
Ribavirin
Oseltamivir
Pralidoxime
Prevents viral assembly, inhibits viral release with interact…
Inhibits viral RNA polymerase activity and RNA fragment initi…
Inhibitor of neuraminidases of influenza A and B viruses; pre…
Antidote to organophosphorus anticholinergics; it reactivates…
Amantadine
Prevents viral assembly, inhibits viral release with interact…
Ribavirin
Inhibits viral RNA polymerase activity and RNA fragment initi…
152 terms
Pharmacology
Enzyme Kinetics
Enzyme Kinetics (cont)
Enzyme Kinetics (cont x2)
Enzyme Kinetics (cont x3)
Enzyme Kinetics
Enzyme Kinetics (cont)
506 terms
Pharmacology
Selective Cox-2 inhibitors
Neuroleptic malignant Syndrome
Modafinil
Tetracyclines
eg. celecoxib. ... Cox-2 is an inducible enzyme that is unregul…
adverse reaction to antipsychotic medication characterized by…
first line treatment for narcolepsy. ... Amphetamines are secon…
are teratogenic and can cause fetal bone growth retardation a…
Selective Cox-2 inhibitors
eg. celecoxib. ... Cox-2 is an inducible enzyme that is unregul…
Neuroleptic malignant Syndrome
adverse reaction to antipsychotic medication characterized by…
PHARMACOLOGY
ANS
Hemicholinium
Metyrosine
Vesamicol
ANS
- Affects Ach transmission... - Inhibits synthesis of neurotrans…
- Affects sympathetic transmission... - Inhibits synthesis of ne…
- Affects Ach transmission... - Prevent vesicular storage of neu…
ANS
ANS
Hemicholinium
- Affects Ach transmission... - Inhibits synthesis of neurotrans…
97 terms
Pharmacology
Mixed Function Oxidases require ______…
Where does oxidation (phase 1) take pl…
P450 enzyme responsible for over 50% o…
accelerated metabolism and a decrease…
NADPH and molecular oxygen
Smooth ER
CYP3A4
Induction
Mixed Function Oxidases require ______…
NADPH and molecular oxygen
Where does oxidation (phase 1) take pl…
Smooth ER
213 terms
Pharmacology
________ is a A science that draws on…
define Drug
define Pharmacology
Clinical pharmacology
Pharmacology
Any chemical that can affect living processes
Study of drugs and their interactions with living systems
Study of drugs in humans
________ is a A science that draws on…
Pharmacology
define Drug
Any chemical that can affect living processes
15 terms
Pharmacology
SL
Bucc/o
intra-
Pharmacology
Abbreviation for sublingual - below the tongue
Combining form for cheek (between cheek and gum)
prefix meaning WITHIN... ID = intradermal (within skin), IM = in…
study of chemical/drug substances... Pharmac/o root for drug, lo…
SL
Abbreviation for sublingual - below the tongue
Bucc/o
Combining form for cheek (between cheek and gum)
2,000 terms
Pharmacology
How are estrogens for oral contracepti…
Central Nervous System Agents... ********…
Which class of drugs is considered the…
What is the main neurotransmitter invo…
They are typically packaged as a 28 day dose pack.
Central Nervous System Agents... *******************************…
The serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the drugs of ch…
Serotonin is the main neurotransmitter involved in the etiolo…
How are estrogens for oral contracepti…
They are typically packaged as a 28 day dose pack.
Central Nervous System Agents... ********…
Central Nervous System Agents... *******************************…
63 terms
Pharmacology
The 5 sources of drugs
Definition of "Pharmaco-"
CVM
FDA
Plants, Minerals, Animals, Synthetics, and Molds/Bacteria
Drug, medicine
Center for Veterinary Medicine
Food and Drug Adminstration
The 5 sources of drugs
Plants, Minerals, Animals, Synthetics, and Molds/Bacteria
Definition of "Pharmaco-"
Drug, medicine
53 terms
Pharmacology
ALEMTUZUMAB... Use... MoA
ANTITHYMOCYTE GLOBULIN RABBIT ... Use... MoA
Adverse effects of lymphoid depleting…
BASILIXIMAB ... Use... MoA
INDUCTION: Lymphocyte depleting... Monoclonal; Binds CD52 on l…
INDUCTION: Lymphocyte depleting... Polyclonal; Binds T cell su…
N/V/D... HA... Myelosuppresion
INDUCTION: NON-Lymphocyte depleting... IL-2 receptor antagonist
ALEMTUZUMAB... Use... MoA
INDUCTION: Lymphocyte depleting... Monoclonal; Binds CD52 on l…
ANTITHYMOCYTE GLOBULIN RABBIT ... Use... MoA
INDUCTION: Lymphocyte depleting... Polyclonal; Binds T cell su…
129 terms
Pharmacology
Pharmacology
what is a drug
Drug Nomenclature
Drug Resources
the study of drugs... -Toxicology (study of environmental toxins…
any chemical that changes the processes of living
Chemical name: N-Acetyl-p-aminophenol (development stage) ... G…
1. physicians desk reference (PDR)... 2. Nursing drug guides (mo…
Pharmacology
the study of drugs... -Toxicology (study of environmental toxins…
what is a drug
any chemical that changes the processes of living
202 terms
Pharmacology
compliance
medication error
Noncompliance
Nursing process
Implementation of fulfillment of a prescriber's or caregiver'…
Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate me…
an informed decision on the part of the patient not to adhere…
an organizational framework for the practice of nursing. It e…
compliance
Implementation of fulfillment of a prescriber's or caregiver'…
medication error
Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate me…
41 terms
Pharmacology
anticholinergic
beta blocker
calcium channel blocker
corticosteroid
-kind:atropine... -for heart block/ bradycardia->*result in i…
-decrease HR, BP, contractility, stroke volume->**HR : low…
-inhibit the influx of calcium ions to myocardial and vascula…
*prolonged use... -*inhibit inflammatory process* including ca…
anticholinergic
-kind:atropine... -for heart block/ bradycardia->*result in i…
beta blocker
-decrease HR, BP, contractility, stroke volume->**HR : low…
Pharmacology
Prescription Drugs
Controlled Substance
Pharmaceutic phase
Pharmacokinetic phase
Must be prescribed by a licensed person, MD, PA, NP
Most carefully monitored, most likely to be counted medicatio…
dissolution of solid ... disintegration of oral med
absorption, distribution, metabolism- onset, peak, duration,…
Prescription Drugs
Must be prescribed by a licensed person, MD, PA, NP
Controlled Substance
Most carefully monitored, most likely to be counted medicatio…
20 terms
Pharmacology
Bioavailability
Rate of elimination
Half life
Clearance
OR clearance * concentration
Bioavailability
Rate of elimination
OR clearance * concentration
202 terms
Pharmacology
compliance
medication error
Noncompliance
Nursing process
Implementation of fulfillment of a prescriber's or caregiver'…
Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate me…
an informed decision on the part of the patient not to adhere…
an organizational framework for the practice of nursing. It e…
compliance
Implementation of fulfillment of a prescriber's or caregiver'…
medication error
Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate me…
93 terms
Pharmacology
Methylprednisolone: Trade Name
Methylprednisolone: Class
Methylprednisolone: Mechanism
Methylprednisolone: Indications
Solu-Medrol
Corticosteroid ... (Adrenal; Synthetic)
Reduces inflammation by multiple mechanisms
Anaphylaxis. Asthma. COPD.
Methylprednisolone: Trade Name
Solu-Medrol
Methylprednisolone: Class
Corticosteroid ... (Adrenal; Synthetic)
55 terms
Pharmacology
What is the drug Etomidate used for?
Is the drug Benzodiazepines used for A…
What is the drug Flumazenil used for?
Is Ketamine used in Airway Management?
Airway Management... Sedative that begins working in 30 to 60 se…
Airway Management... Class of drug having anti-seizure, anxiolyt…
Airway Management... Competitive benzodiazepine antagonist. Will…
Airway Management... Causes produced dissociation & general anes…
What is the drug Etomidate used for?
Airway Management... Sedative that begins working in 30 to 60 se…
Is the drug Benzodiazepines used for A…
Airway Management... Class of drug having anti-seizure, anxiolyt…
Pharmacology
Clindamycin
Penecillin
Zole
True
What is the #1 Backup Antibiotic prescribed for Premedication
The most likely antibiotic to produce a rash
Many of the anti-fungal drugs used in dentistry have what end…
(t/f) Retrovir is a common HIV medication.
Clindamycin
What is the #1 Backup Antibiotic prescribed for Premedication
Penecillin
The most likely antibiotic to produce a rash
35 terms
Pharmacology
Acetaminophen Classifications
Labs to monitor when using Acetaminophen
acetaminophen side effects
Acetaminophen uses/cautions/action
Pharmacotherapeutic: central analgesic ... Clinical: non-narcoti…
Increase serum ALT, AST, bilirubin, prothrombin
Hypersensitivity reaction
Uses: Relief for mild to moderate pain, fever, iv: management…
Acetaminophen Classifications
Pharmacotherapeutic: central analgesic ... Clinical: non-narcoti…
Labs to monitor when using Acetaminophen
Increase serum ALT, AST, bilirubin, prothrombin
275 terms
Pharmacology
Contraindications
Therapeutic index *
Tolerance *
Dependence *
Any characteristic of the patient, especially a disease state…
The ratio between a drug's therapeutic effects and its toxic…
A decreasing response to repeated drug doses.
A physiological or psychological need for a drug.
Contraindications
Any characteristic of the patient, especially a disease state…
Therapeutic index *
The ratio between a drug's therapeutic effects and its toxic…
104 terms
Pharmacology
Cholinergics
Alzheimer's
Aricept
Cholinergic effects
Stimulate parasympathetic receptors. + affinity + efficacy.
Deficiency of Acetylcholine
Inhibits Acetylcholinesterase
Lowered HR, BP (SLUDGEM)
Cholinergics
Stimulate parasympathetic receptors. + affinity + efficacy.
Alzheimer's
Deficiency of Acetylcholine
189 terms
Pharmacology
Dioscorides
Francois Magendie
pharmacology
medical pharmacology
wrote De Materia Medica which was the standard medical text u…
French physiologist said facts and facts alone are the basis…
the study of substances that interact with living systems thr…
substances used to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease
Dioscorides
wrote De Materia Medica which was the standard medical text u…
Francois Magendie
French physiologist said facts and facts alone are the basis…
pharmacology
heparin
weight
dextran
30
this is a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mmecha…
an mg is a measurement of
the solutions used intravenously to replace plasma when plasm…
how many milliliters are in 1 ounce?
heparin
this is a drug that interferes with the blood clotting mmecha…
weight
an mg is a measurement of
Pharmacology
Davis model
ionotropes
metabotropes
transmembrane receptors
low concentration of aminoglycosides induce protein misreadin…
drugs that bind to ion channels and change conductance
heptahelical / 7-transmembrane receptors coupled to G-proteins
extracellular domains = change within cell by activating / in…
Davis model
low concentration of aminoglycosides induce protein misreadin…
ionotropes
drugs that bind to ion channels and change conductance
pharmacology
antineoplastic
advent
noxious
insulin
against tumour
arrival, coming
distructive
antineoplastic
against tumour
advent
arrival, coming
Pharmacology
Medications for Parkinson's Disease
Hallmark ADR of Levodopa/Carbidopa
Example of an Anticholinergic
Hallmark ADRs of Benadrly
Levodopa/Carbidopa
staining of sheets/clothing
Benadryl
sedation/insomnia, tachycardia, dry mouth, constipation, blur…
Medications for Parkinson's Disease
Levodopa/Carbidopa
Hallmark ADR of Levodopa/Carbidopa
staining of sheets/clothing
Pharmacology
Otic Route
Oral Route
Transdermal Route
Subcutaneous Route
Placed into ear
Into the mouth or stomach
Patch placed onto skin
Injected into the subcutaneous fat layer of the skin
Otic Route
Placed into ear
Oral Route
Into the mouth or stomach
pharmacology
Analgesics
Anesthetic agents
Anti-infectives
antivirals
-drugs that alleviate pain without causing anesthesia... -two gr…
-cause an absence of sensation or pain... -two groups: local and…
treat disease produced by microorganisms such as bacteria, vi…
prevent the replication of viruses
Analgesics
-drugs that alleviate pain without causing anesthesia... -two gr…
Anesthetic agents
-cause an absence of sensation or pain... -two groups: local and…
5 terms
Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
HIPPA
study of drugs, uses and interactions in living systems
how drugs move through the body
how the body processes the drugs
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Pharmacology
study of drugs, uses and interactions in living systems
Pharmacokinetics
how drugs move through the body
41 terms
Pharmacology
anticholinergic
beta blocker
calcium channel blocker
corticosteroid
-kind:atropine... -for heart block/ bradycardia->*result in i…
-decrease HR, BP, contractility, stroke volume->**HR : low…
-inhibit the influx of calcium ions to myocardial and vascula…
*prolonged use... -*inhibit inflammatory process* including ca…
anticholinergic
-kind:atropine... -for heart block/ bradycardia->*result in i…
beta blocker
-decrease HR, BP, contractility, stroke volume->**HR : low…
Pharmacology
Enzyme Kinetics
Enzyme Kinetics (cont)
Enzyme Kinetics (cont x2)
Enzyme Kinetics (cont x3)
Enzyme Kinetics
Enzyme Kinetics (cont)
869 terms
Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
233 terms
Pharmacology
Anti-seizure medications that primaril…
Anti-seizure medications that target b…
Anti-seizure medications that target p…
Blockade of T-type Calcium channels is…
Carbamazepine... Phenytoin... Primidone... Valproic Acid
Barbituates... Benzodiazepines (primarily GABA)
Ethosuximide
Generalized Absence Seizures
Anti-seizure medications that primaril…
Carbamazepine... Phenytoin... Primidone... Valproic Acid
Anti-seizure medications that target b…
Barbituates... Benzodiazepines (primarily GABA)
11 terms
Pharmacology
pharmacokinetics
pharmacodynamics
agonist
A
what body dose to drug? (absorption, distribution, elimination)
drug does the body
drugs that favors the active conformation of receptor
which drug is more potent?
pharmacokinetics
what body dose to drug? (absorption, distribution, elimination)
pharmacodynamics
drug does the body
163 terms
Pharmacology
pharmacokinetics definition
pharmacodynamics definition
agonist
antagonist
study of how drug moves into, through, and out of body
study of how drug produces its effects in body
drug molecule has an effect on the cell "intrinsic activity"
combines with drug molecule and produces opposite affect of 1…
pharmacokinetics definition
study of how drug moves into, through, and out of body
pharmacodynamics definition
study of how drug produces its effects in body
60 terms
Pharmacology
Pharmacology
Herbal Medicine
drugs have several names assigned to t…
Chemical Name (scienticfic name)
Study of drugs and their action on living organisms
herbal medicine, herbalism, and herbal therapy are names for…
chemical name,a generic name (nonproprietary), the official n…
Gives the exact chemical makeup of the drug and placing of th…
Pharmacology
Study of drugs and their action on living organisms
Herbal Medicine
herbal medicine, herbalism, and herbal therapy are names for…
869 terms
Pharmacology
What are the major functions of the α1…
What are the major functions of the α2…
What are the major functions of the β1…
What are the major functions of the β2…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
Increase heart rate, increase contractility, increase renin r…
Vasodilation, bronchodilation, increase lipolysis, increase i…
What are the major functions of the α1…
Increase vascular smooth muscle contraction, increase pupilla…
What are the major functions of the α2…
Decrease sympathetic outflow, decrease insulin release, decre…
506 terms
Pharmacology
Selective Cox-2 inhibitors
Neuroleptic malignant Syndrome
Modafinil
Tetracyclines
eg. celecoxib. ... Cox-2 is an inducible enzyme that is unregul…
adverse reaction to antipsychotic medication characterized by…
first line treatment for narcolepsy. ... Amphetamines are secon…
are teratogenic and can cause fetal bone growth retardation a…
Selective Cox-2 inhibitors
eg. celecoxib. ... Cox-2 is an inducible enzyme that is unregul…
Neuroleptic malignant Syndrome
adverse reaction to antipsychotic medication characterized by…
202 terms
Pharmacology
compliance
medication error
Noncompliance
Nursing process
Implementation of fulfillment of a prescriber's or caregiver'…
Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate me…
an informed decision on the part of the patient not to adhere…
an organizational framework for the practice of nursing. It e…
compliance
Implementation of fulfillment of a prescriber's or caregiver'…
medication error
Any preventable adverse drug event involving inappropriate me…
169 terms
PHARMACOLOGY
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
Binding Forces
Receptor
-The study of what a drug does to the body... -pharmacologic eff…
-Movement of drugs in the body... -Drugs outside of body=>Drug i…
1. Covalent... 2. Ionic... 3. Hydrogen... 4. Hydrophobic... 5. Van der Wa…
-targets are only at certain places... -drugs can bind to enzyme…
Pharmacodynamics
-The study of what a drug does to the body... -pharmacologic eff…
Pharmacokinetics
-Movement of drugs in the body... -Drugs outside of body=>Drug i…
Pharmacology
PHARMOCOKINETICS:
PHARMACODYNAMICS:
PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS:
Factors affect absorption
Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs…
Biochemical and physical effects of the drug (what the drug d…
Use of drugs to prevent and treat disease (the reason we pres…
> Food or fluids administered with the drug... > Status of the a…
PHARMOCOKINETICS:
Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs…
PHARMACODYNAMICS:
Biochemical and physical effects of the drug (what the drug d…
45 terms
Pharmacology
Drug clearance
Primary organs of drug metabolism and…
Renal clearance
Hepatic clearance
A measure of drug elimination.
Liver and Kidney
Occurs via filtration through the glomerulus and active secre…
The liver is the primary site of drug metabolism.
Drug clearance
A measure of drug elimination.
Primary organs of drug metabolism and…
Liver and Kidney
72 terms
pharmacology
188 billion
24 billion
12 billion
complementary alternative medicines
what amount of money is spent each year on presciption drugs…
what amount of money is spent each year on non-presciption dr…
what amount of money is spent each year on herbals and dietar…
herbals and dietary supplements are labeled CAM, what does CA…
188 billion
what amount of money is spent each year on presciption drugs…
24 billion
what amount of money is spent each year on non-presciption dr…
95 terms
pharmacology
chemical name
generic name
trade name
pharmacokinetics
describes the drug's chemical structure.
name given by health Canada ;starts with small letter
the drug has registered trademark; starts with capital letter
What the body does to the drug
chemical name
describes the drug's chemical structure.
generic name
name given by health Canada ;starts with small letter
13 terms
Pharmacology
PRN
AC
PC
Subcut meds are deposited in the loose…
As needed
Before meals
After meals
Dermis
PRN
As needed
AC
Before meals
pharmacology
chemical name
Valium
generic name
diazepam
name given for the atomic or molecular structure of a drug
tranquilizer
name given a drug which is not a proprietary name but the nam…
generic name for Valium
chemical name
name given for the atomic or molecular structure of a drug
Valium
tranquilizer
21 terms
Pharmacology
Analgesic
Antipyretic
Anesthetic
Antacid
medicine to combat pain
reduces fever
Drug that prevents pain during surgery
neutralizes acid (Amphojel, Gelusil, Mylanta, Milk of Magnesia)
Analgesic
medicine to combat pain
Antipyretic
reduces fever
461 terms
Pharmacology
therapeutic effect
drug interactions
side effects
adverse drug reactions (ADRs)
the desired or intended effect of a particular medication
interactions between different drugs
any minor effect of a drug on body cells or tissues that is n…
an undesirable drug effect that ranges from mild untoward eff…
therapeutic effect
the desired or intended effect of a particular medication
drug interactions
interactions between different drugs
42 terms
Pharmacology
Sulfonamide Drug Examples
Sulfonamide When to Use
Sulfonamide Adverse Effects
Sulfonamide Labs to Monitor
SMX-TMP, Bactrim Septra
Use on organisms that synthesize folic acid, wide spectrum, U…
anemia, photosensitivity of the skin, dermatitis, Stephen-Joh…
?
Sulfonamide Drug Examples
SMX-TMP, Bactrim Septra
Sulfonamide When to Use
Use on organisms that synthesize folic acid, wide spectrum, U…
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