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Study sets matching "pharmacolgy"

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Study sets matching "pharmacolgy"

8 terms
Pharmacolgy
Special Populations Considerations
Scheduled vs Legend Drugs
Pregnancy Categories (Old vs New)
Protein Binding
...
...
...
...
Special Populations Considerations
...
Scheduled vs Legend Drugs
...
21 terms
Pharmacolgy
Disulfiram
Chloramphenicol
Chlordiazepoxide Hydrochloride
Chlorothiazide
Enzyme inhibitor and anti-alcohol agent; intended reaction wi…
Anti-bacterial; used for severe infection for susceptible org…
Anxiolytic, sedative-hypnotic benzodiazepine; to relieve tens…
Thiazide Diuretic, Non-potassium sparing, Anti-hypertensive.…
Disulfiram
Enzyme inhibitor and anti-alcohol agent; intended reaction wi…
Chloramphenicol
Anti-bacterial; used for severe infection for susceptible org…
8 terms
Pharmacolgy
topical application
transdermal application
oral (PO) administration
sublingual administration
drug applied directly to skin or eyes
drug is applied to the skin but effects are systemic; slow re…
drug is absorbed from the stomach or small intestine; most co…
drug placed under the tongue; absorbed by oral mucosa; faster…
topical application
drug applied directly to skin or eyes
transdermal application
drug is applied to the skin but effects are systemic; slow re…
48 terms
Pharmacolgy
Distribution
Antipyretic
Pharmacotherapeutics
Antihypertensive
...
...
How drugs are used to treat a disease
Reduces blood pressure
Distribution
...
Antipyretic
...
168 terms
Pharmacolgy
Scientific study of how various substa…
Formal scientific study of medication…
The U.S. has implemented a comprehensi…
In 1914 which act became law restricti…
Pharmacology
17th and 18th
1906(prohibits altering or mislabeling medications)
Harrison Narcotic Act
Scientific study of how various substa…
Pharmacology
Formal scientific study of medication…
17th and 18th
47 terms
Pharmacolgy
Anti-anxiety Drugs
Bensodiazepines
Buspirone
Antidepressants
influence the CNS and calm the individual violent reaction to…
reduce activity of neurons in brain ... E: Halcion, Valium, Xana…
reduces the uptake of serotonin/dopamine in brain... E: BuSpar... M…
alter chem of brain to alleviate depression ... take month of us…
Anti-anxiety Drugs
influence the CNS and calm the individual violent reaction to…
Bensodiazepines
reduce activity of neurons in brain ... E: Halcion, Valium, Xana…
66 terms
pharmacolgy
amoxicillin/Amoxil
acetylsalicyclic acid/Aspirin
adenosine/Adenocard
albuterol/Proventil, Ventolin
Anti-infective, penicillin
antiplatelet agent
antiarrhythmic
bronchodilator, beta agonist
amoxicillin/Amoxil
Anti-infective, penicillin
acetylsalicyclic acid/Aspirin
antiplatelet agent
24 terms
Pharmacolgy
Half-life
Steady state
After how many half-lives is a drug us…
Therapeutic range
Time required for amount of drug to decrease by 50% (removed…
amount of drug eliminated between doses equals dose administe…
4-5 half-lives
Between the toxic range and minimum effective safe level of d…
Half-life
Time required for amount of drug to decrease by 50% (removed…
Steady state
amount of drug eliminated between doses equals dose administe…
56 terms
Pharmacolgy Terms
pharmacology
drug
chemical name
generic name
term given to the study of drugs and their actions, dosages a…
a chemical substance that affects body function or functions.…
first name given to any medication. identified the chemical c…
assigned to the medication during research and development
pharmacology
term given to the study of drugs and their actions, dosages a…
drug
a chemical substance that affects body function or functions.…
43 terms
Pharmacolgy Terms
ac
ad
am
as
Before meals
Right ear
Morning
Left ear
ac
Before meals
ad
Right ear
19 terms
Pharmacolgy Definitions
Angina Pectoris
Connula
Canthus
Enema
Chest pain
Tubing that deliver Oz
Coners of the eye medial canthus and lateral canthus
Delivers a solution into rectum/Colon
Angina Pectoris
Chest pain
Connula
Tubing that deliver Oz
9 terms
PHARMACOLGY MEDS
Tobramyhcin
Cefaclor/Ceftriaxone
Erythromycin
Amoxicillin
Aminoglycocides
Cephalosporins
Macrolides
Penicillins
Tobramyhcin
Aminoglycocides
Cefaclor/Ceftriaxone
Cephalosporins
Pulmonary Pharmacolgy
Antihistamine - MOA
First generation antihistamine drug na…
Clinical use of 1st generation antihis…
Adverse effects of 1st generation anti…
...
...
...
...
Antihistamine - MOA
...
First generation antihistamine drug na…
...
138 terms
Pharmacolgy - SNS
PE is what type of adrnergic ligand
Clonidine is what type of adrenergic l…
dobutamine is a (adrenergic ligand)
Beta 2 direct selective agonist
direct selective agoinst of alpha 1
direct selective agonist of alpha 2
direct selective agoinst of beta 1
albuertol
PE is what type of adrnergic ligand
direct selective agoinst of alpha 1
Clonidine is what type of adrenergic l…
direct selective agonist of alpha 2
96 terms
Pharmacolgy Abbreviations
@
-... a
Aa
Ac
at
Before
Of each
before meals
@
at
-... a
Before
41 terms
Pharmacolgy Module III
Immune Process... Major function of the…
Mast Cell Chemical Mediator Response…
Mast Cell Chemical Mediator Response…
Two Types of Asthma... Allergic asthma (_…
antigens... (leukocytes)... antibodies
Immunoglobulin (IgE)... allergic asthma and rhinitis
ruptured mast cell (degranulation)
-extrinsic... -treated with immunotherapy commonly known as alle…
Immune Process... Major function of the…
antigens... (leukocytes)... antibodies
Mast Cell Chemical Mediator Response…
Immunoglobulin (IgE)... allergic asthma and rhinitis
12 terms
Basic Pharmacolgy
Black Box Warning
Extrapyramidal Effects
Iatrogenic Effects
Idiosyncratic Effects
-Largest warning a drug can have and still be on the market... -…
-Unexpected or undesired effects... -Side effects that mimic ext…
-Adverse effects to medical treatment caused by something tha…
-"Weird Quirks"... -An odd, unexpected effect from a drug... -An un…
Black Box Warning
-Largest warning a drug can have and still be on the market... -…
Extrapyramidal Effects
-Unexpected or undesired effects... -Side effects that mimic ext…
46 terms
Pharmacolgy 1026
Generic Name
Chemical Name
Official Name
Trade Name (brand name)
Assigned by the manufacture of the drug and typically describ…
May be the same or similar to the Generic name.
Name by which the drug is identified in the official publicat…
Proprietary name is selected by the drug company that sells a…
Generic Name
Assigned by the manufacture of the drug and typically describ…
Chemical Name
May be the same or similar to the Generic name.
38 terms
335 Pharmacolgy
1st Gens
2nd Gens
3rd Gens
Agranulocytosis Zones
Haliperidol... Loxapine... Nozinan
Clozapine... Olanzpine... Quitiepine ... Risperidone
Abilifiy (Aripiprizole)... Paliperidone (Invega)... Asenapine (Saph…
Green: WBC > 3.5; Neutrophils > 2 Action: Cont... Yellow: WBC >…
1st Gens
Haliperidol... Loxapine... Nozinan
2nd Gens
Clozapine... Olanzpine... Quitiepine ... Risperidone
22 terms
Pharmacolgy SARAH
What the body does to the drug... -Absorp…
What the drug does to the body
Extent to which an administered dose o…
Interaction of the drug with its recep…
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Bioavailability
Drug Action
What the body does to the drug... -Absorp…
Pharmacokinetics
What the drug does to the body
Pharmacodynamics
97 terms
NCLEX pharmacolgy
Antihistamines
5 anti-Parkinson meds?
Anxiolytics (relieves anxiety) drugs (…
Benzodiazepines
diphenhydramine ... hydroxyzine... meclizine ... metoclopramide... prochl…
amantadine... bromocriptine... entacapone... levodopa/carbidopa... pramip…
buspirone... meprobamate
mostly end in "pam" ... except for alprazolam and chlordiazepoxide
Antihistamines
diphenhydramine ... hydroxyzine... meclizine ... metoclopramide... prochl…
5 anti-Parkinson meds?
amantadine... bromocriptine... entacapone... levodopa/carbidopa... pramip…
61 terms
Oncology - pharmacolgy
2 drugs causing free radical damage?
3 drugs that crosslink DNA?
Methotrexate - drug class? mechanism?
Non-cancer uses for MTX (5)?
Donorubacin/Doxorubacin, Bleomycin
Nitrosoureas, Busulfan, Cisplatin/Carboplatin
Folate antagonist, inhibits DHFR
Abortion, ectopic pregnancy, RA, IBD, psoriasis
2 drugs causing free radical damage?
Donorubacin/Doxorubacin, Bleomycin
3 drugs that crosslink DNA?
Nitrosoureas, Busulfan, Cisplatin/Carboplatin
9 terms
pharmacolgy of sns
reserpine
guanethidine
phentolamine
phenoxybenzamine
adrenalin/noradenalin blocker, blocks synthesis and storage
adrenalin/ noradrenalin blocker, blocks release from nerve te…
adrenalin/noradrenalin blocker, alpha blocker
adrenalin/noradrenalin blocker, alpha blocker
reserpine
adrenalin/noradenalin blocker, blocks synthesis and storage
guanethidine
adrenalin/ noradrenalin blocker, blocks release from nerve te…
37 terms
Ocular Pharmacolgy
What are the two muscles of the iris t…
What controls the shape of the ocular…
What produces aqueous humor?
Which part of the autonomic nervous sy…
Dilator muscle... Sphincter muscle
Ciliary body
Ciliary body processes
Parasympathetic NS
What are the two muscles of the iris t…
Dilator muscle... Sphincter muscle
What controls the shape of the ocular…
Ciliary body
13 terms
PharmacolgyFrancis
Pharmacology
Food drug administration
Drug product development
Stage1
The study of drugs and medication
the age of natural substance synthetic substances n biotechno…
7-15 yrs FDA responsible 4 regulation of fd,dgs,cosm n med de…
Pre-clinical invest 1-3yrs IND human testing required
Pharmacology
The study of drugs and medication
Food drug administration
the age of natural substance synthetic substances n biotechno…
76 terms
NCLEX-pharmacolgy
What should the nurse monitor with dig…
What should the nurse monitor with ace…
What should the nurse monitor with gli…
What should the nurse monitor with mor…
potassium
temperature
blood glucose
respiratory rate
What should the nurse monitor with dig…
potassium
What should the nurse monitor with ace…
temperature
23 terms
Pharmacolgy- Cardiac
ACE inhibitor suffix
Where did we initially get ACE inhibit…
What to give for pulmonary edema?
What are ACE inhibitors used for?
"pril"
snake venom
Fuerosimide (loop diuretic)
blood pressure control... vasodialator
ACE inhibitor suffix
"pril"
Where did we initially get ACE inhibit…
snake venom
31 terms
Exam 6 pharmacolgy
Antitussives (cough suppressants)
Expectorant... (Reduce viscosity/thinner…
Topical Decongestants:... (Dry nasal muc…
Mucolytics:
Dextromethorphan... Benzonatate (Tessalon) ... acts on local/lungs
(Mucinex) &... (Mucomyst)
(Afrin) &... (Sudafed)
Loosen mucous
Antitussives (cough suppressants)
Dextromethorphan... Benzonatate (Tessalon) ... acts on local/lungs
Expectorant... (Reduce viscosity/thinner…
(Mucinex) &... (Mucomyst)
9 terms
Ch 7 pharmacolgy
lactation
pre-eclampsia
eclampsia
gestational diabetes
the secretion of breast milk
a serious hypertensive condition that can develop during preg…
life threatening condition resulting from uncontrolled preecl…
form of diabetes that develops during pregnancy
lactation
the secretion of breast milk
pre-eclampsia
a serious hypertensive condition that can develop during preg…
10 terms
UNIT V PHARMACOLGY
ADRENERGIC BROCHODILATORS
ADRENERGIC BRONCHODILATORS mode of act…
ALPHA 1 adrenergic
BETA 1 adrenergic
-Sympathomimetic... Relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle used f…
1. Adrenergic bronchodilator attaches to a G protien recepor…
Adrenergic- vasoconstriction
increase HR and contractile force
ADRENERGIC BROCHODILATORS
-Sympathomimetic... Relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle used f…
ADRENERGIC BRONCHODILATORS mode of act…
1. Adrenergic bronchodilator attaches to a G protien recepor…
84 terms
pharmacolgy chap-4
sulfamethoxazole
sulfasalazine
sulfisoxaline
penicillin g
class is sulfanamides
class is sulfanamides
class is sulfanamides
class is penicillin
sulfamethoxazole
class is sulfanamides
sulfasalazine
class is sulfanamides
67 terms
Pharmacolgy Exam 1
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacotherapeutics
Pharmaceutics
Deals with biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and…
Quantitative description of the time course for the absorptio…
The use of drugs in the treatment of specific disease states
The chemistry, compounding, formulation and dosage forms of d…
Pharmacodynamics
Deals with biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and…
Pharmacokinetics
Quantitative description of the time course for the absorptio…
87 terms
Pharmacolgy unit 2
Enteral
Parental
Topical
Enteric coating tablets
Mouth/GI- broken down then shipped around blood. (Oral or ng…
Go into circulation before liver (IM, SQ, IV, INTRADERMAL)
Absorbed through mucous membranes (eyes, ears, nose, vagina,…
Dosent dissolve in upper GI
Enteral
Mouth/GI- broken down then shipped around blood. (Oral or ng…
Parental
Go into circulation before liver (IM, SQ, IV, INTRADERMAL)
26 terms
chapter 7 PHARMACOLGY
absorption
action
activated charcoal
adsorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissue u…
the therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
an oral medication that binds and absorbs ingested toxins in…
the process of binding or to a surface
absorption
the process by which medications travel through body tissue u…
action
the therapeutic effect of a medication on the body
38 terms
Pharmacolgy quiz 2
Albuterol
Xopenex
Xopenex HFA
Serevent
-ventolin- HFA/MDI, 2 puffs, 3-4x day... -proventil- HFA/MDI, 2…
-NEB- .31-3.78mg 3x day
-MDI, 2puffs, q4-6hrs
MDI/DPI, 2puffs, q12hrs
Albuterol
-ventolin- HFA/MDI, 2 puffs, 3-4x day... -proventil- HFA/MDI, 2…
Xopenex
-NEB- .31-3.78mg 3x day
34 terms
GU - Antiandrogen Pharmacolgy
Testosterone is produced in the ______…
Synthesis of spermatocytes takes place…
_________ stimulate development of sex…
__________ is the most potent androgen
Leydig
Sertoli
androgens
DHT (dihydrotestosterone)
Testosterone is produced in the ______…
Leydig
Synthesis of spermatocytes takes place…
Sertoli
22 terms
chapter 6 pharmacolgy
antacids
antidiarrheal
antiemetic
antispasmodics
counteract or neutralize acidity usually in the stomach
control loose stools and relive diarrhea by absorbing excess…
control nausea and vomiting by blocking nerve impulses to the…
decrease gastrointestinal spasms by slowing peristalsis and m…
antacids
counteract or neutralize acidity usually in the stomach
antidiarrheal
control loose stools and relive diarrhea by absorbing excess…
49 terms
Pharmacolgy unit 1
Pharmacolgy
Pharmathereputics
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmadynamics
Study of drugs and their interaction at any cellular level wi…
Desired therapeutic effect of drug
Hat happens in the body-rate of absorption and factors that i…
Biochemical/physiological from absorption to excretion. Effec…
Pharmacolgy
Study of drugs and their interaction at any cellular level wi…
Pharmathereputics
Desired therapeutic effect of drug
Pharmacolgy exam one
Federal Food and Drugs Act (FFDA, 1906…
Sherley Amendment (1912) to FFDA ... (Lil…
Harrison Narcotic Act (1914)
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (…
Required drug manufacturers to list on the drug product label…
prohibit fraudulent claims for drug products
Established the legal term narcotic and regulated the manufac…
Required drug manufacturers to provide data proving drug safe…
Federal Food and Drugs Act (FFDA, 1906…
Required drug manufacturers to list on the drug product label…
Sherley Amendment (1912) to FFDA ... (Lil…
prohibit fraudulent claims for drug products
51 terms
Pharmacolgy - Unit 1
PHARMACOLOGY
PHARMACODYNAMICS
PHARMOKINETICS
RECEPTORS
THE STUDY OF THE BIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF CHEMICALS
THE STUDY OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CHEMICAL COMPONENTS OF LIVI…
THE WAY THE BODY DEALS WITH A DRUG, INCLUDING: ABSORPTION, DI…
A SPECIFIC AREA ON CELL MEMBRANES THAT REACT WITH CERTAIN CHE…
PHARMACOLOGY
THE STUDY OF THE BIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF CHEMICALS
PHARMACODYNAMICS
THE STUDY OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CHEMICAL COMPONENTS OF LIVI…
15 terms
Pharmacolgy quiz 1
Act of 1994
Drug polymorphism
Pharmacogenics
Ethnopharmacology
Prohibits unsubstantiated claims on product labels
Variation in drug response due to age, gender, body mass, and…
Impact of gene traits affect drug response
How culture impacts factors on pt drug response
Act of 1994
Prohibits unsubstantiated claims on product labels
Drug polymorphism
Variation in drug response due to age, gender, body mass, and…
41 terms
Pharmacolgy quiz 2
Albuterol
Xopenex
Xopenex HFA
Serevent
-ventolin- HFA/MDI, 2 puffs, 3-4x day... -proventil- HFA/MDI, 2…
-NEB- .31-3.78mg 3x day
-MDI, 2puffs, q4-6hrs
MDI/DPI, 2puffs, q12hrs
Albuterol
-ventolin- HFA/MDI, 2 puffs, 3-4x day... -proventil- HFA/MDI, 2…
Xopenex
-NEB- .31-3.78mg 3x day
17 terms
Pharmacolgy Test 2
Metformin
Sulfonylureas
Meglitinides
Thiazolidinediones
Most commonly used oral drug for Diabetes 2; decreases glucos…
Increase insulin production; Adverse Effect- HYPOGLYCEMIA; fo…
Increase insulin production from the pancreas; DONT TAKE IF M…
Most effective for ppl who are insulin resistant; improves in…
Metformin
Most commonly used oral drug for Diabetes 2; decreases glucos…
Sulfonylureas
Increase insulin production; Adverse Effect- HYPOGLYCEMIA; fo…
66 terms
Pharmacolgy EXAM 1
Medications
Drug Sources
Drug Classifications
Prototypes
drugs used for therapeutic purposes
plants, animals, minerals, synthetic compounds
based on effects on specific body systems, therapeutic uses,…
individual drugs that represent groups of drugs; often the fi…
Medications
drugs used for therapeutic purposes
Drug Sources
plants, animals, minerals, synthetic compounds
49 terms
Pharmacolgy Terms Final
Analgesics
Anti-Alzheimer's Agents
Antianemics
Antianginals
Reduce pain. Non-narcotic analgesics are used for mild pain.…
Work to manage the dementia that occurs with Alzheimer's dise…
Prevent and treat anemias, which are most commonly caused by…
Treat and prevent angins, or chest pains.
Analgesics
Reduce pain. Non-narcotic analgesics are used for mild pain.…
Anti-Alzheimer's Agents
Work to manage the dementia that occurs with Alzheimer's dise…
15 terms
Ch 13 Diagnostic & pharmacolgy
albumin/o
calci/o
-centesis
creatin/o
albumin, protein
calcium, lime, the heel
surgical puncture to remove fluid
creatinine
albumin/o
albumin, protein
calci/o
calcium, lime, the heel
21 terms
Pharmacolgy Chapter 14 - 15
Chapter 14
seizure
convulsion
epilepsy
Antiepileptic Drugs (chapter review + key drugs)
brief episode of abnormal electrical avtivity in the nerve ce…
a more serious seizure characterized by spasmodic contraction…
chronic recurrent patterns of seizures
Chapter 14
Antiepileptic Drugs (chapter review + key drugs)
seizure
brief episode of abnormal electrical avtivity in the nerve ce…
11 terms
Chapter 17, Respiratory .... Pharmacolgy
Antitussives... Dextromethorphas (tessalo…
Nasal Decongestants... Neo-Synephrine; ps…
Antihistamines... diphenhydramine HCL (Be…
Inhaled corticosteroids... Flonase (nasal…
1.suppress cough reflex; some anesthetize receptors... 2. uses--…
1. causes constriction of blood vessels in nasal passages; de…
1. acts on blood vessel, GI, respiratory system by competing…
1. anti-inflammatory 2. uses -- allergies; asthma... 3. HA; fung…
Antitussives... Dextromethorphas (tessalo…
1.suppress cough reflex; some anesthetize receptors... 2. uses--…
Nasal Decongestants... Neo-Synephrine; ps…
1. causes constriction of blood vessels in nasal passages; de…
29 terms
Pharmacolgy 40-43
AntiVirals
Cytomegalovirus
Antivirals
Herpes Simplex
...
·Attacks only those that are immunocompromised
Hygeine must be emphasized because most medications are topical
·HSV= oral herpes... ·HSV2=genital herpes... ·HHV= chickenpox... ·HHV8…
AntiVirals
...
Cytomegalovirus
·Attacks only those that are immunocompromised
Exam 5-Pharmacolgy
Foods to avoid that contain tyamine
Symptoms of hypertensive crisis caused…
Nursing Interventions for hypertensive…
Patient teaching before starting MAOIs
-Aged, mature cheese... -Smoked/pickled or aged meats, fish, or…
HA, nausea, increased HR, and increased BP which may lead to…
Continuous EKG monitoring and respiratory support. ... Medicatio…
-avoid tryamine- give a list... -avoid OTC decongestants and cag…
Foods to avoid that contain tyamine
-Aged, mature cheese... -Smoked/pickled or aged meats, fish, or…
Symptoms of hypertensive crisis caused…
HA, nausea, increased HR, and increased BP which may lead to…
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