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Zeros

Metric abbreviations

I kg

1 lb

Never use trailing zero (after decimal point)... 25 not 25.0... 25.…

Gram = G... Microgram = mcg ... Milligram = mg... Kilogram = kg... Liter…

1000 g

...

Zeros

Never use trailing zero (after decimal point)... 25 not 25.0... 25.…

Metric abbreviations

Gram = G... Microgram = mcg ... Milligram = mg... Kilogram = kg... Liter…

Percent weight-in-volume

percent volume-in-volume

Percent weight-in-weight

Conventional units in ratio strength v…

Number of grams of medication per 100mL of liquid

Number of mL of medication per 100 mL of liquid

Number of grams of medication per 100 g of mixture

Amount of drug in grams in a solution: volume in mL

Percent weight-in-volume

Number of grams of medication per 100mL of liquid

percent volume-in-volume

Number of mL of medication per 100 mL of liquid

Zeros

Metric abbreviations

I kg

1 lb

Never use trailing zero (after decimal point)... 25 not 25.0... 25.…

Gram = G... Microgram = mcg ... Milligram = mg... Kilogram = kg... Liter…

1000 g

...

Zeros

Never use trailing zero (after decimal point)... 25 not 25.0... 25.…

Metric abbreviations

Gram = G... Microgram = mcg ... Milligram = mg... Kilogram = kg... Liter…

Kilograms (kg) to pounds (lbs)

Pounds to Kilograms

Roman Numerals

I

Multiply kg by 2.2... Example: 270kg x 2.2= 594 lbs

Divide lbs by 2.2... Example: 98 lbs/2.2= 44.5 kg

...

1

Kilograms (kg) to pounds (lbs)

Multiply kg by 2.2... Example: 270kg x 2.2= 594 lbs

Pounds to Kilograms

Divide lbs by 2.2... Example: 98 lbs/2.2= 44.5 kg

Medication

Pharmacology

PharmD

RPh

Also called drugs; used to prevent disease or pregnancy, aid…

The science that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, ef…

Doctor of pharmacy

____= registered pharmacist

Medication

Also called drugs; used to prevent disease or pregnancy, aid…

Pharmacology

The science that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, ef…

How must controlled substances be stor…

What is the name of the agency that ov…

A horse has an allergic reaction to de…

Doses of medications administered to p…

Logged and kept in a double locked cabinet

Food and Drug Administration

Xylazine

mg

How must controlled substances be stor…

Logged and kept in a double locked cabinet

What is the name of the agency that ov…

Food and Drug Administration

ratios

proportion

formula

dimensional analysis

comparisons between two things

statement saying those two ratios are equal

rule prescribing how to calculate a dosage

method based on the premise that any number can be multiplied…

ratios

comparisons between two things

proportion

statement saying those two ratios are equal

apothecary system

Clark's rule:

child dose

conversion:

a very old system of measure that was specifically developed…

a method of determining the correct drug dose for a child bas…

weight of child (lb) divided by 150 (lb)

finding the equivalent values between two systems of measure

apothecary system

a very old system of measure that was specifically developed…

Clark's rule:

a method of determining the correct drug dose for a child bas…

apothecary system

Clark's rule

Conversion

Fried's rule

a very old system of measure that was specifically developed…

a method of determining the correct drug dose for a child bas…

inding the equivalent values between two systems of measure

A method of determining a pediatric drug dose for a child you…

apothecary system

a very old system of measure that was specifically developed…

Clark's rule

a method of determining the correct drug dose for a child bas…

What is IV therapy?

What are the advantages of IV therapy?

What are indications of IV therapy?

Continous IV Infusion

Administration of fluids, nutrients, or medications through a…

Immediate availability... Rapidity of action... See results of medi…

Restore or maintain fluid & electrolyte balance... Replace lost…

Replace or maintain fluids and electrolytes... Flows continuousl…

What is IV therapy?

Administration of fluids, nutrients, or medications through a…

What are the advantages of IV therapy?

Immediate availability... Rapidity of action... See results of medi…

In the metric system, the three basic…

Gram is _____, Liter is _____, and Met…

When we do drug calculations, we incor…

Dose is the actual weight or ______; w…

gram, liter, meter

mass... volume... distance

1. Dose... 2. Volume... 3. Concentration

mass... mg, g, kg, mcg, units

In the metric system, the three basic…

gram, liter, meter

Gram is _____, Liter is _____, and Met…

mass... volume... distance

Mathematically, how do you calculate v…

Mathematically, how do you calculate c…

Is volume of distribution increased, d…

Mathematically, how do you calculate t…

= Amount of drug administered / Plasma drug concentration

= Rate of drug elimination / Plasma concentration

Decreased

= (0.7 x Volume of distribution) / Clearance

Mathematically, how do you calculate v…

= Amount of drug administered / Plasma drug concentration

Mathematically, how do you calculate c…

= Rate of drug elimination / Plasma concentration

express 5% glucose as a weight of gluc…

a patient is prescribed an infusion of…

convert 0.75 micrograms to nanograms

a patient is prescribed 600mg of carba…

5g/100ml

0.9%

750 nanograms

3 tablets

express 5% glucose as a weight of gluc…

5g/100ml

a patient is prescribed an infusion of…

0.9%

BRAND NAME

GENERIC (TRADE) NAME

OVER THE COUNTER DRUGS OTC

PRESCRIPTION DRUGS RX

MAKE IT STAND OUT TO THE MARKET SUCH AS TYLENOL

COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME SUCH AS ACETAMINOPHEN

CAN. BE PURCHASED BY ANYONE AT ANY TIME WITHOUT RX

MUST BE ORDERED AND PRESCRIBED BY A LICENSED VET

BRAND NAME

MAKE IT STAND OUT TO THE MARKET SUCH AS TYLENOL

GENERIC (TRADE) NAME

COMMON SCIENTIFIC NAME SUCH AS ACETAMINOPHEN

Common Units

Dosage Calculation

Solutions

Solvent

-gtt=drops... -Tbsp=15ml... -Tsp=5 ml... -1 cup=240 ml... -1 qt=946.4 ml

Dose=(Animals' weight X dosage rate)/ Concentration of drug

Mixtures of substances that usually are not chemically combin…

Dissolving substance (usually liquid)

Common Units

-gtt=drops... -Tbsp=15ml... -Tsp=5 ml... -1 cup=240 ml... -1 qt=946.4 ml

Dosage Calculation

Dose=(Animals' weight X dosage rate)/ Concentration of drug

Pharmacotherapy

Pharmacotherapeutics

Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacodynamics

Treatment of disease with medicines

Field of science that examines the treatment of disease with…

The study of the absorption, blood levels,distribution, biotr…

Study of the mechanisms of action of a drug and its biologica…

Pharmacotherapy

Treatment of disease with medicines

Pharmacotherapeutics

Field of science that examines the treatment of disease with…

Topics

Abbreviations

List of Abbreviations

AD

• Abbreviations/Terms... • Prescriptions... • Medication Dispensing…

Side note - check with vet when in doubt! Note capitalized or…

Capitalization and the use of a period is a matter of style.…

Right ear

Topics

• Abbreviations/Terms... • Prescriptions... • Medication Dispensing…

Abbreviations

Side note - check with vet when in doubt! Note capitalized or…

What are the base units for weight and…

What is the direction of movement of t…

What are the units of measurement for…

What are the units of measurement for…

-weight:... gram (g)... -volume:... liter (L)

-LSR: from larger to smaller, move right... -SLL: from smaller t…

from largest to smallest:... kg>g>mg>mcg

from largest to smallest:... L>mL/cm(cubed)

What are the base units for weight and…

-weight:... gram (g)... -volume:... liter (L)

What is the direction of movement of t…

-LSR: from larger to smaller, move right... -SLL: from smaller t…

metabolism

excretion

half life

absorption

__ changes medications into less active or inactive forms by…

elimination of medication from the body through kidneys, live…

this is the period of time needed for medications to be reduc…

transmission of medications from location of administration t…

metabolism

__ changes medications into less active or inactive forms by…

excretion

elimination of medication from the body through kidneys, live…

available dose

body surface area (BSA)

conversion factor

desired dose

amount of medicine on hand to administer to a patient

computed using height and weight and a standard chart

number used to change a mathematical number from one conditio…

dose of medication ordered by the prescriber (ordered dose)

available dose

amount of medicine on hand to administer to a patient

body surface area (BSA)

computed using height and weight and a standard chart

nursing role in IV therapy

what is KVO?

normal KVO rate

when would we KVO?

-knowledge of drop factors... -calculating IV flow rates... -verify…

keep vein open

10-25ml

in case of emergency

nursing role in IV therapy

-knowledge of drop factors... -calculating IV flow rates... -verify…

what is KVO?

keep vein open

Half life

Tolerance

Dependence

Contraindication

Amount of time required to reduce a drug level to half it's i…

Occurs when person requires higher dosage of drug to produce…

Occurs when person experiences physical and or psychological…

Diseases/conditions with which a drug should not be used

Half life

Amount of time required to reduce a drug level to half it's i…

Tolerance

Occurs when person requires higher dosage of drug to produce…

Generic Name

brand name

Veterinary-label

Over-the-counter

Common name for a product,

A name given by the maker to a product or range of products,…

Prescription drugs that are labeled for the use only by or on…

By ordinary retail purchase, with no need for a prescription…

Generic Name

Common name for a product,

brand name

A name given by the maker to a product or range of products,…