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Study sets matching "pharmacology chapter 13"

46 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 13
dysrhythmias occur in what percent of:…
why does the decision to use an antidy…
how are antidysrhythmics classified?
what are the classes of antidysrhythmi…
- 25%... - 50%... - 80%
- not all dysrhythmias require pharmacological intervention... -…
- four groups based on mechanism of action
- I: Na channel blockers- IA - prolong APD. IB- shorten APD,…
dysrhythmias occur in what percent of:…
- 25%... - 50%... - 80%
why does the decision to use an antidy…
- not all dysrhythmias require pharmacological intervention... -…
30 terms
pharmacology chapter 13
some seizures involce convulsions, oth…
many causes of seizures are known few…
Infectious caused of seizures(2)
trauma causes of seizures(2)
do not
not
1)meningitis... 2)encephalitits
1)physcial trauma... 2_chemical trauma(hypo)
some seizures involce convulsions, oth…
do not
many causes of seizures are known few…
not
18 terms
Chapter 13, Introduction to Pharmacology
action potential
convulsions
eclampsia
epilepsy
an electrical impulse transmitted across nerve fibers and mus…
involuntary, violent spasms of large skeletal muscles
a severe hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, including seizur…
any condition characterized by recurrent seizures
action potential
an electrical impulse transmitted across nerve fibers and mus…
convulsions
involuntary, violent spasms of large skeletal muscles
44 terms
Pharmacology Dermatologic Conditions Chapter 13
Dermatopharmacology
3 Delivery Systems for treating Dermat…
Topical
Intralesional injection
pharmacology as it applies to dermatologic conditions
1.) Topical... 2.) Intralesional Injections... 3.)Systemic
Application of a substance directly onto the skin via vehicle…
This delivery system refers to the direct delivery of medicat…
Dermatopharmacology
pharmacology as it applies to dermatologic conditions
3 Delivery Systems for treating Dermat…
1.) Topical... 2.) Intralesional Injections... 3.)Systemic
117 terms
Chapter 13 Perioperative Pharmacology
Adverse reaction
Agonist
Allergy
Antagonist
An unexpected harmful reaction to a drug.
A drug that produces a response in the body by binding to a r…
Hypersensitivity to a substance, a response produced by the i…
A drug or chemical that blocks a receptor mediated response.
Adverse reaction
An unexpected harmful reaction to a drug.
Agonist
A drug that produces a response in the body by binding to a r…
Pharmacology chapter 13
What does the enzyme monoamine oxidase…
What is the primary termination for NE
Main neurotransmitter in sympathetic n…
What is an exception?
Destroy NE
Reuptake through vesicles
NE
Sweat glands = Ach (Acetylcholine)... * considered cholinergic
What does the enzyme monoamine oxidase…
Destroy NE
What is the primary termination for NE
Reuptake through vesicles
57 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Which increases muscle strength?... --adr…
Which drys secretions?... --adrenergic... --…
Which increases blood pressure?... --adre…
Which increases peristalsis?... --adrener…
--cholinergic
--anticholinergic
--adrenergic
--cholinergic
Which increases muscle strength?... --adr…
--cholinergic
Which drys secretions?... --adrenergic... --…
--anticholinergic
53 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Amnestic
Analgesia
Anterograde
Anticholinergic
- an gent that produces memory impairment... - pertaining to amn…
- absence of a normal sense of pain... - pain relief; literally…
from a point forward, as in memory impairment from the time a…
- an agent that blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses, a vago…
Amnestic
- an gent that produces memory impairment... - pertaining to amn…
Analgesia
- absence of a normal sense of pain... - pain relief; literally…
117 terms
Chapter 13 Perioperative Pharmacology
Adverse reaction
Agonist
Allergy
Antagonist
An unexpected harmful reaction to a drug.
A drug that produces a response in the body by binding to a r…
Hypersensitivity to a substance, a response produced by the i…
A drug or chemical that blocks a receptor mediated response.
Adverse reaction
An unexpected harmful reaction to a drug.
Agonist
A drug that produces a response in the body by binding to a r…
16 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
buccal
elixirs
emulsions
suspensions
oral administration of a drug by placing it between the cheek…
sweetened hydroalcoholic liquids used in preparation of oral…
a mixture of two liquids that are not mutually soluble
liquids in which particles are mixed but not dissolved
buccal
oral administration of a drug by placing it between the cheek…
elixirs
sweetened hydroalcoholic liquids used in preparation of oral…
19 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Neurons leading from the spinal cord t…
Neurons leading from the ganglia to th…
The functional equivalent of a postgan…
Neurotransmitter that is employed at m…
Preganglionic
Postganglionic
The Medulla of the Adrenal Gland
Acetylcholine
Neurons leading from the spinal cord t…
Preganglionic
Neurons leading from the ganglia to th…
Postganglionic
66 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 13
Group of adrenocorticosteroids associa…
Cyclooxygenase-produced eicosanoids ca…
Means "loss of hair" and is a clinical…
Type of immunity provided by antibodies.
Glucocorticoids
thromboxanes
Alopecia
Humoral immunity
Group of adrenocorticosteroids associa…
Glucocorticoids
Cyclooxygenase-produced eicosanoids ca…
thromboxanes
53 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Migraines are caused by
Action ... of antimigraine medications
Uses ... of antimigraine medications
Classes ... of antimigraine medications
dilated cerebral arteries or release of sensory neuropeptides…
block nerve impulses at receptors of the SNS; relieve pain by…
prevention and treatment of migraine headaches
ergot alkaloids ... triptans... adrenergic blocking agents
Migraines are caused by
dilated cerebral arteries or release of sensory neuropeptides…
Action ... of antimigraine medications
block nerve impulses at receptors of the SNS; relieve pain by…
32 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
• Differentiate routes of administrati…
• Compare and contrast the various sit…
• Explain the equipment and technique…
• Explain documenting medication admin…
...
...
...
...
• Differentiate routes of administrati…
...
• Compare and contrast the various sit…
...
23 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Self-Administration of Medication (SAM)
Tablets and Capsules
Sublingual
Buccal
*Common in the home and in many community-based settings like…
*Most common drug forms... *Convenient and less expensive and do…
Under the tongue
Between the cheek and gum
Self-Administration of Medication (SAM)
*Common in the home and in many community-based settings like…
Tablets and Capsules
*Most common drug forms... *Convenient and less expensive and do…
16 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
What are the first line drugs for ADHD…
What are other uses for CNS stimulants?
What are CNS stimulants also known as?
What is the newest drug being used for…
CNS stimulants
Appetite suppression and neonatal apnea
amphetamines
Vyvance. It cannot be manufactured by breaking down Sedated,…
What are the first line drugs for ADHD…
CNS stimulants
What are other uses for CNS stimulants?
Appetite suppression and neonatal apnea
94 terms
Pharmacology chapter13
Hypertension
When hypertension is not treated these…
Systolic BP
Diastolic
Systolic BP above 140 and diastolic BP greater than 90
1. Arteriosclerosis (atherosclerosis ) 2. Heart attack (MI) 3…
Pressure of blood against the artery walls when the heart con…
Artery walls when heart is resting or relaxed
Hypertension
Systolic BP above 140 and diastolic BP greater than 90
When hypertension is not treated these…
1. Arteriosclerosis (atherosclerosis ) 2. Heart attack (MI) 3…
65 terms
Pharmacology chapter 13
clinical indications for each of the a…
_____ by inhalation is indicated for t…
aerosolized _____ is indicated for the…
what is the brand name of pentamidine…
antiinfective
pentamidine
ribavirin
nebupent
clinical indications for each of the a…
antiinfective
_____ by inhalation is indicated for t…
pentamidine
11 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
List some side effects of muscle relax…
What does Analgesic mean?
What does Antipyretic mean?
What is Reye's Syndrome?
GI Upset, Drowsiness, Euphoria & Reduced motor skills
Pain-Reliever
Fever-reducing
When a child takes aspirin & is exposed to the chicken pox vi…
List some side effects of muscle relax…
GI Upset, Drowsiness, Euphoria & Reduced motor skills
What does Analgesic mean?
Pain-Reliever
25 terms
MTC pharmacology chapter 13
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
adrenergics
adrenergic actions
adrenergic uses
can be thought of as being automatic, self-governing, or invo…
key words to illustrate this action are fright, fight, and fl…
cardiac stimulation ... increased blood flow to skeletal muscles…
restoring rhythm in cardiac arrest ... elevating blood pressure…
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
can be thought of as being automatic, self-governing, or invo…
adrenergics
key words to illustrate this action are fright, fight, and fl…
20 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 A
Vibramycin
Zithromax
Cipro
Keflex
Doxcycycline... Tetracycline... Rickettsia, clamydial infection
Azithromycin... Macrolide ... Bind to ribosomes, stop bacterial gro…
Ciprofloxican... Flouroquinolone ... Prostasis, respiratory infection
Cephalexin... Cephalosporin... Prophylaxis, bacterial infection
Vibramycin
Doxcycycline... Tetracycline... Rickettsia, clamydial infection
Zithromax
Azithromycin... Macrolide ... Bind to ribosomes, stop bacterial gro…
24 terms
Pharmacology chapter 13
amphetamines
analeptics
anorexiants
attention deficit hyperactivity disord…
a class of stimulant drugs that include amphetamine sulfate a…
central nervous system (CNS) stimulants that have generalized…
drugs used to control or suppress appetite
a syndrome characterized by difficulty in maintaining concent…
amphetamines
a class of stimulant drugs that include amphetamine sulfate a…
analeptics
central nervous system (CNS) stimulants that have generalized…
90 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
how do fungi enter the body?
who is most resistant to fungal infect…
what medications places a patient at m…
what is another name for candidiasis?
through skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory tract
healthy individuals
-broad-spectrum antimicrobials... -immunosuppressive drugs for c…
-moniliasis... -thrush
how do fungi enter the body?
through skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory tract
who is most resistant to fungal infect…
healthy individuals
57 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Which increases muscle strength?... --adr…
Which drys secretions?... --adrenergic... --…
Which increases blood pressure?... --adre…
Which increases peristalsis?... --adrener…
--cholinergic
--anticholinergic
--adrenergic
--cholinergic
Which increases muscle strength?... --adr…
--cholinergic
Which drys secretions?... --adrenergic... --…
--anticholinergic
20 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 B
Valtrex
Septra
INH
Pen-V-K
Antiviral
Sulfonamide
Antituberculotic
Penicillin
Valtrex
Antiviral
Septra
Sulfonamide
21 terms
Pharmacology chapter 13
what are cholinergic agonists
what is the difference between indirec…
where are muscarinic receptors located
where are nicotonic receptors located
drugs that increase the action of Ach that promotes rest and…
indirect: inhibit acetylcholinesterase... direct: enter synaptic…
glands, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle, autonomic ganglia, brain, adrenal gland
what are cholinergic agonists
drugs that increase the action of Ach that promotes rest and…
what is the difference between indirec…
indirect: inhibit acetylcholinesterase... direct: enter synaptic…
47 terms
Pharmacology chapter 13/14
Aggregation
Analgesic
Antipyretic
Jaundice
Clumping of blood elements
drug that relieves pain
fever-reducing agent.
yellow discoloration of the skin due to liver disease
Aggregation
Clumping of blood elements
Analgesic
drug that relieves pain
7 terms
Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology Chapter 13 Key Words
carboxyhemoglobin
electron transport chain
methemoglobin
neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Form of hemoglobin bound to CO in place of O2. Causes decreas…
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
An altered hemoglobin which does not carry oxygen.
a potentially fatal reaction the occurs when a patient has re…
carboxyhemoglobin
Form of hemoglobin bound to CO in place of O2. Causes decreas…
electron transport chain
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins)…
44 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 13
What types of medication relieve pain?
As a nurse, you need to be aware of an…
Nonsalicylates, Salicylates and acetam…
How is "pain" described as?
Analgesics
1.) Primary health care providers do not prescribe proper pai…
Nonopioids... Mild to Moderate pain.
The unpleasant sensory and emotional perception associated wi…
What types of medication relieve pain?
Analgesics
As a nurse, you need to be aware of an…
1.) Primary health care providers do not prescribe proper pai…
8 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 Study Guide
a disease that causes fatigue of skele…
sharpness of vision
disorder of increased pressure within…
cholinergic drug toxicity
myasthenia gravis
visual acuity
glaucoma
cholinergic crisis
a disease that causes fatigue of skele…
myasthenia gravis
sharpness of vision
visual acuity
187 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
CNS
PNS
Nervous System is divided into:
CNS includes:
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
CNS and PNS
brain and spinal cord, which contains billions of neurons
CNS
Central Nervous System
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System
39 terms
Antiinflammatories Chapter 13 pharmacology
Cardinal Signs of Inflammation
NSAIDS
Glucocorticoids
Antihistamines
Redness... Swelling... Heat... Pain... Loss of function
block COX
block PLA2
block histamine receptors
Cardinal Signs of Inflammation
Redness... Swelling... Heat... Pain... Loss of function
NSAIDS
block COX
21 terms
Chapter 13 Pharmacology
Plaquenil
Arava
Enbrel
Humira
hydroxychloroquine
leflunomide
etanercept
adalimumab
Plaquenil
hydroxychloroquine
Arava
leflunomide
39 terms
pharmacology chapter13
Parasympathetic Nervous System
three main function of Sympathetic Ner…
(Sympathetic Nervous System Functions)…
Regulation of the body temperature by
-Slowing the heart rate... -Increasing the gastric secretions... -E…
1.Regulation of the cardiovascular system... 2.Regulation of the…
-Maintaining blood flow to the brain... -Redistributing blood... -C…
-Regulates blood flow to the skin... -Promotes the secretion of…
Parasympathetic Nervous System
-Slowing the heart rate... -Increasing the gastric secretions... -E…
three main function of Sympathetic Ner…
1.Regulation of the cardiovascular system... 2.Regulation of the…
12 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 Terms
Anthelminitic
Bots
Cestode
Ectoparasite
Drug used to eliminate helminth parasites from a host
Larvae of several fly species
A tapeworm
A parasite that lives on the outside body surface of is host
Anthelminitic
Drug used to eliminate helminth parasites from a host
Bots
Larvae of several fly species
19 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Antimicrobial meds
Microbial mechanisms of resistance
Host Defense Mechanisms
Antibiotic medications
Used to treat or prevent infections caused by pathogens... Are n…
Production of enzymes that inactivate medications... Modificatio…
Intact skin and mucous membranes... Various anti-infective secre…
Broad spectrum... Narrow spectrum... Bactericidal... Bacteriostatic
Antimicrobial meds
Used to treat or prevent infections caused by pathogens... Are n…
Microbial mechanisms of resistance
Production of enzymes that inactivate medications... Modificatio…
19 terms
Chapter 13 Pharmacology
2 hormones made by pancreas
beta cells produce _____
alpha cells produce ______
most common simple carbohydrate and th…
insulin and glucagon
insulin
glucagon
glucose
2 hormones made by pancreas
insulin and glucagon
beta cells produce _____
insulin
18 terms
Chapter 13 Pharmacology
2 Subdivisions of the Autonomic Nervou…
Predominant Neurotransmitter of both s…
Adrenergic Receptors (5)
Cholinergic Receptors (3)
Sympathetic & Parasympathetic
Sympathetic: Norepinephrine (NE) ... Parasympathetic: Acetylchol…
Alpha1, Alpha2, Beta1, Beta2, Dopamine
Muscarinic, NicotinicN, NicotinicM
2 Subdivisions of the Autonomic Nervou…
Sympathetic & Parasympathetic
Predominant Neurotransmitter of both s…
Sympathetic: Norepinephrine (NE) ... Parasympathetic: Acetylchol…
11 terms
Chapter 13 Pharmacology
anesthetic ophthalmic solution
antibiotic ophthalmic solution
antiglaucoma medications
artificial tears
eyedrops to deaden pain
eyedrops to treat bacterial infection
reduces intraocular pressure
treats dry eyes
anesthetic ophthalmic solution
eyedrops to deaden pain
antibiotic ophthalmic solution
eyedrops to treat bacterial infection
11 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
akathisia
antianxiety drugs
antipsychotic drug
anxiety
continuous body movements in which an individual is restless…
drug used to treat anxiety; these drugs are also referred to…
drug used to treat schizophrenia and others psychotic conditi…
a stable state of anxiousness and hyperemotionalism that occu…
akathisia
continuous body movements in which an individual is restless…
antianxiety drugs
drug used to treat anxiety; these drugs are also referred to…
49 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 13
The nervous system has two divisions:
The PNS has two subdivisions:
Functions of the autonomic system:... (sh…
The parasympathetic nervous system per…
1. central nervous system (CNS)... 2. peripheral nervous system…
1. somatic motor system - controls voluntary movement of musc…
1. regulation of the heart... 2. regulation of secretory glands…
1. slowing of heart rate... 2. increased gastric secretion... 3. em…
The nervous system has two divisions:
1. central nervous system (CNS)... 2. peripheral nervous system…
The PNS has two subdivisions:
1. somatic motor system - controls voluntary movement of musc…
19 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13
Neurons leading from the spinal cord t…
Neurons leading from the ganglia to th…
The functional equivalent of a postgan…
Neurotransmitter that is employed at m…
Preganglionic
Postganglionic
The Medulla of the Adrenal Gland
Acetylcholine
Neurons leading from the spinal cord t…
Preganglionic
Neurons leading from the ganglia to th…
Postganglionic
98 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 (SO)
What are the 5 types of symbiotic rela…
What is parasitiasis?
What is parasitosis?
What are ectoparasites?
1. Predator-prey... 2. Commensalism: one benefit without harming…
A condition in which an animal harbors an ectoparasite or an…
A condition in which an animal harbors an ectoparasite or an…
Parasites that live on the outside of an animal's body
What are the 5 types of symbiotic rela…
1. Predator-prey... 2. Commensalism: one benefit without harming…
What is parasitiasis?
A condition in which an animal harbors an ectoparasite or an…
20 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 Review
Increases muscle strength
Drying secretions
Increases blood pressure
Increases peristalsis
Cholinergic
Anticholinergic
Adrenergic
Cholinergic
Increases muscle strength
Cholinergic
Drying secretions
Anticholinergic
14 terms
Pharmacology Vocab. Chapter 13
amnestic
analgesia
anterograde
anticholinergic
Memory impairment in the absence of other significant cogniti…
a lessening of pain without loss of consciousness
An inability to form new memories.... A loss of memory for any e…
A patient presents with dilated pupils, fever, dry skin, urin…
amnestic
Memory impairment in the absence of other significant cogniti…
analgesia
a lessening of pain without loss of consciousness
54 terms
Pharmacology 1 chapter 13 anthelmintic agents
reflection
cognitive skills
TECHNICAL SKILLS
ETHICALLY /LEGAL SKILLS
intellectual and affective activities in which ppl engage to…
-id. scientific rationales for the client's plan of care, sel…
-FOCUS ON MANIPULATING EQUIPMENT SKILLFULLY TO PRODUCE A DESI…
-PERSONAL MORAL CODE AND PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITES... -INFORM…
reflection
intellectual and affective activities in which ppl engage to…
cognitive skills
-id. scientific rationales for the client's plan of care, sel…
18 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 13 terms
Antibacterial
Antibiotic
Antibiotic resistance
Anti-infective
Ability to kill bacteria or interfere with the ability of bac…
Drug that has the ability to kill or inhibit bacterial growth
Ability of certain bacteria to survive and multiply in the pr…
Agent or substance with antibacterial, antiviral and and anti…
Antibacterial
Ability to kill bacteria or interfere with the ability of bac…
Antibiotic
Drug that has the ability to kill or inhibit bacterial growth
32 terms
Chapter 13 Pharmacology
Sympathetic Neuronal Pathway
Parasympathetic Neuronal Pathway
Adrenal Medulla (Kidneys)
Regulation of the Autonomic Nervous Sy…
Cholerginic Preganglionic Pathway needs ACH... Adrenergic Postga…
Cholerginic Preganglionic Pathway needs ACH... Cholerginic Postg…
Sends out Epinepherine to get response
Feedback regulation is the process that allows a system to ad…
Sympathetic Neuronal Pathway
Cholerginic Preganglionic Pathway needs ACH... Adrenergic Postga…
Parasympathetic Neuronal Pathway
Cholerginic Preganglionic Pathway needs ACH... Cholerginic Postg…
30 terms
PHARMACOLOGY FOR NURSES CHAPTER 13
ACETYLCHOLINE
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
ADRENERGIC
ADRENERGIC ANTAGONIST
PRIMARY NEUROTRANSMITTER OF THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTE…
ENZYME THAT DEGRADES ACETYLCHOLINE WITHIN THE SYNAPTIC CLEFT,…
RELATING TO NERVES THAT RELEASE NOREPINEPHRINE OR EPINEPHRINE
DRUG THAT BLOCKS THE ACTIONS OF THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
ACETYLCHOLINE
PRIMARY NEUROTRANSMITTER OF THE PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTE…
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
ENZYME THAT DEGRADES ACETYLCHOLINE WITHIN THE SYNAPTIC CLEFT,…
206 terms
Chapter 13 - Pharmacology
Absorption
Acetylcholine
Adernergic
Agonists
The process by which drug molecules are moved from the site o…
A neurotransmitter, widely distributed in body tissues, with…
Of, or pertaining to the sympathetic nerve fibers of the auto…
Drugs that combine with receptors and initiate the expect res…
Absorption
The process by which drug molecules are moved from the site o…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter, widely distributed in body tissues, with…
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