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Study sets matching "pharmacology chapter 2"

55 terms
Pharmacology-Chapter 2
bioavailability
drug absorption
drug addition
drug dependence
percentage of the drug dosage that is absorbed
entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of admi…
condition of drug abuse and drug dependence that is character…
condition of reliance on the use of a particular drug, charac…
bioavailability
percentage of the drug dosage that is absorbed
drug absorption
entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of admi…
73 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Advantages for IV Route
Disadvantages for IV Route
Advantages for IM Route
Disadvantages for IM Route
Produces the most rapid drug response... The absorption phase is…
Phlebitis caused by local irritation... Drug irretrievability,…
Irritating drugs better tolerated in skeletal muscles... Provide…
Uncomfortable injection (usually deltoid or gluteus)
Advantages for IV Route
Produces the most rapid drug response... The absorption phase is…
Disadvantages for IV Route
Phlebitis caused by local irritation... Drug irretrievability,…
Pharmacology Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Additive effect
Adverse drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Adverse effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
A general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct…
Additive effect
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse drug event
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
38 terms
CHAPTER 2 PHARMACOLOGY
THE SIX RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
The Right Patient
The Right Drug
Considerations in drug administration
THE RIGHT PATIENT... THE RIGHT DRUG... THE RIGHT DOSE... THE RIGHT ROU…
When administering a drug, be certain that the patient receiv…
Drug names can be easily mistaken, an error on drug administr…
Take patient considerations, such as allergies,(food, pollen,…
THE SIX RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
THE RIGHT PATIENT... THE RIGHT DRUG... THE RIGHT DOSE... THE RIGHT ROU…
The Right Patient
When administering a drug, be certain that the patient receiv…
60 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2 Key terms
additive effects
Adverse Drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Adverse effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
A general term for any undesirable effects that are direct re…
additive effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse Drug event
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
61 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2: Pharmacologic Principles
Additive Effects
Adverse Drug Event
Adverse Effects
Agonist
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
A general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct…
A drug that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or mo…
Additive Effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse Drug Event
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
108 terms
pharmacology alh 2200 chapter 2
drug interactions in which the effect…
any undesireable occurence related to…
any unexpected unintended undesired or…
a general term for any undesirable eff…
additive effects
adverse drug event
adverse drug reaction
adverse effects
drug interactions in which the effect…
additive effects
any undesireable occurence related to…
adverse drug event
45 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Additive Effects
Adverse drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Agonist
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
any undesirable related to administering or failing to admini…
any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
a drug that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or mo…
Additive Effects
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse drug event
any undesirable related to administering or failing to admini…
37 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Definition of Drug
Drug acquires three names:
Patent life, the length of time from p…
After patent expires,
any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Chemical name... Generic name (nonproprietary name, shorter and…
17 years
-other manufacturers may legally begin to manufacture generic…
Definition of Drug
any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Drug acquires three names:
Chemical name... Generic name (nonproprietary name, shorter and…
78 terms
Pharmacology/Pharmacologic Chapter 2
Number the following drug forms in ord…
When considering the various routes of…
The nurse is aware that excessive drug…
Drug half-life is defined as the amoun…
1-Elixers... 2-Powders... 3-Capsules... 4-Enteric-coated tablets
c. Bowel and renal tubules
b. Cumulative effect
d. be removed by the body.
Number the following drug forms in ord…
1-Elixers... 2-Powders... 3-Capsules... 4-Enteric-coated tablets
When considering the various routes of…
c. Bowel and renal tubules
45 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Drugs taken by the sublingual routes a…
Drugs taken by the buccal route are?
Both the sublingual and buccal routes…
How are intravenous drugs administered?
under the tongue
between the cheek and tongue
directly through the oral mucosa
directly into the circulation via a vein
Drugs taken by the sublingual routes a…
under the tongue
Drugs taken by the buccal route are?
between the cheek and tongue
21 terms
Pharmacology 1: Chapter 2
Bioavailability
Drug Absorption
Drug Addiction
Drug Dependence
Percentage of the drug dosage that is absorbed
Entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of admi…
Condition of drug abuse and drug dependence that is character…
Condition of reliance on the use of a particular drug, charac…
Bioavailability
Percentage of the drug dosage that is absorbed
Drug Absorption
Entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its site of admi…
18 terms
Pharmacology chapter 2 (administration of drugs)
Buccal
Drug error
Extravasation
Infiltration
Between cheek and gum
Any incident in which a patient receives wrong dose, wrong dr…
Escape of fluid from a blood vessel into surrounding tissues
Collection of fluid in a tissue
Buccal
Between cheek and gum
Drug error
Any incident in which a patient receives wrong dose, wrong dr…
16 terms
CMAacPharmacology: Chapter 2 Basics of Pharmacology
absorption
adverse reaction
agonist
antagonist
passage of a substance through some surface of the body into…
undesired side effects or toxicity caused by a treatment
drug that binds to the receptor and simulates the receptor's…
that which counteracts the action of something else, such as…
absorption
passage of a substance through some surface of the body into…
adverse reaction
undesired side effects or toxicity caused by a treatment
16 terms
Chapter 2, Introduction to Pharmacology
bioavailability
chemical name
combination drugs
controlled substance
the physiologic ability of a drug to reach its target cells a…
the name of a drug that indicates its physical and chemical p…
a drug that contains more than one active ingredient
a drug restricted by the Controlled Substances Act; health ca…
bioavailability
the physiologic ability of a drug to reach its target cells a…
chemical name
the name of a drug that indicates its physical and chemical p…
59 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2 (Pharmacologic Principles)
Additive effects
Adverse drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Adverse effects
drug interactions the effects of comb. of 2 or more drugs w/…
undersirable occurrence related to administering/falling to a…
unexpected/unintended/undesired/excessive response to a thera…
general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct re…
Additive effects
drug interactions the effects of comb. of 2 or more drugs w/…
Adverse drug event
undersirable occurrence related to administering/falling to a…
43 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2 Pharmacologic Principles
1... When administering two medications…
4... Drugs that act nonselectively do no…
2... When a drug is administered intrave…
4... Capsules with granules inside them…
Which is a characteristic of highly protein-bound drugs?... 1... Th…
A patient has symptoms of an upper respiratory infection. The…
To achieve the most rapid onset of action, the primary health…
A patient who has been prescribed an antibiotic capsule to tr…
1... When administering two medications…
Which is a characteristic of highly protein-bound drugs?... 1... Th…
4... Drugs that act nonselectively do no…
A patient has symptoms of an upper respiratory infection. The…
95 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2- Pharmacologic Principles
Drug
Pharamacology
3 types of drug names
Chemical name
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
study or science of drugs
1.chemical... 2.generic... 3.trade name
describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Drug
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Pharamacology
study or science of drugs
35 terms
Chapter 2. pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacology
Chemical name
Generic name (nonproprietary name)
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
The study or science of drugs.
Describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Name given by United States Adopted Name Council. Lower case…
Drug
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Pharmacology
The study or science of drugs.
61 terms
Pharmacology- Chapter 2 Key Terms
Additive effects
Adverse Drug event
Adverse Drug reaction
Adverse effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Any undesirable concurrence related to administering of faili…
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
A general term for any undesirable effects that are direct re…
Additive effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse Drug event
Any undesirable concurrence related to administering of faili…
38 terms
CHAPTER 2 PHARMACOLOGY
THE FIVE RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
The Right Patient
The Right Drug
Considerations in drug administration
THE RIGHT PATIENT... THE RIGHT DRUG... THE RIGHT DOSE... THE RIGHT ROU…
When administering a drug, be certain that the patient receiv…
Drug names can be easily mistaken, an error on drug administr…
Take patient considerations, such as allergies,(food, pollen,…
THE FIVE RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
THE RIGHT PATIENT... THE RIGHT DRUG... THE RIGHT DOSE... THE RIGHT ROU…
The Right Patient
When administering a drug, be certain that the patient receiv…
57 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2: Pharmacologic Principles
Addictive effect
Adverse drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Adverse effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
A general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct…
Addictive effect
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse drug event
Any undesirable occurrence related to administering or failin…
237 terms
Chapter 2: Pharmacologic Principles
Define the common terms used in pharma…
Understand the general concepts such a…
Demonstrate an understanding of the va…
Discuss the relevance of the four aspe…
*Absorption... *distribution... *Metabolism... *Excretion... *P-glycoprot…
pharmakinetics: The study of what happens to a drug from th…
...
...
Define the common terms used in pharma…
*Absorption... *distribution... *Metabolism... *Excretion... *P-glycoprot…
Understand the general concepts such a…
pharmakinetics: The study of what happens to a drug from th…
15 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Therapeutic classification
Pharmacologic classification
Mechanism of action
Prototype drug
method for organizing drugs on the basis of their clinical us…
method for organizing drugs on the basis of their mechanism o…
the way in which a drug exerts its effects
well-understood model drug with which other drugs in a pharma…
Therapeutic classification
method for organizing drugs on the basis of their clinical us…
Pharmacologic classification
method for organizing drugs on the basis of their mechanism o…
35 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Receptor occupancy
maximal effect
sufficient number bound
dissociation constant (Kd)
the concentration of drug-receptor complexes is proportional…
when all the receptors are bound and the maximal response is…
reach the correct number or drug receptor binding to affect t…
the propensity of the ligand and receptor to be on their own…
Receptor occupancy
the concentration of drug-receptor complexes is proportional…
maximal effect
when all the receptors are bound and the maximal response is…
56 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Formulary
Pharmacopoeia
Excipients
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-
first standard list of drugs and drug recipes commonly used b…
a medical reference summarizing standards of drug purity, str…
inactive ingredients
an agency of the U.S. Department of health and Human services…
Formulary
first standard list of drugs and drug recipes commonly used b…
Pharmacopoeia
a medical reference summarizing standards of drug purity, str…
55 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2 Pharmacologic Principles
Chemical Name
Generic Name
Trade Name
Pharmaceutics
Describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Used in most official drug compendiums to list drugs. Given b…
Propriety name, the drug's registered trademark, which indica…
Includes the study of how various dosage forms influence the…
Chemical Name
Describes the drug's chemical composition and molecular struc…
Generic Name
Used in most official drug compendiums to list drugs. Given b…
61 terms
Chapter 2 Pharmacology Principles
additive effects
Adverse drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Adverse effects
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of 2 o…
any undesirable occurance related to administering or failing…
any unexpected unintended, undesired or excessive response to…
a general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct…
additive effects
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of 2 o…
Adverse drug event
any undesirable occurance related to administering or failing…
38 terms
Katzung Pharmacology Chapter 2
Regulatory proteins
Enzymes
Transport proteins
Structural proteins
Best-characterized and most receptors, mediate endogenous che…
Targeted for inhibition
Na+/K+ ATPase receptor for cardiovascular digitalis glycosides
Tubulin, receptor for colchicine (anti-inflammatory)
Regulatory proteins
Best-characterized and most receptors, mediate endogenous che…
Enzymes
Targeted for inhibition
51 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
receptors
pharmacodynamics
agonists
antagonists
specific site compatible with a chemical bond
the study of the interactions between drugs and their recepto…
drugs that interact with a receptor to stimulate a response
drugs that attach to a receptor but do not stimulate a response
receptors
specific site compatible with a chemical bond
pharmacodynamics
the study of the interactions between drugs and their recepto…
35 terms
Chapter 2 Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacology
Pharmaceutics
Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism,…
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Study or science of drugs
The study of how various drug forms influence the way in whic…
What are the four phases of pharmacokinetics
Drug
Any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Pharmacology
Study or science of drugs
47 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 2
cell membrane
Cells
Direct penetration
Protein channels
Drugs must reach and interact with or cross the ___ ____ to s…
Take in raw materials, manufacture products, deliver to appro…
mostly by lipid-soluble drugs, which are able to dissolve in…
Go all the way through membrane; only a few drugs are able to…
cell membrane
Drugs must reach and interact with or cross the ___ ____ to s…
Cells
Take in raw materials, manufacture products, deliver to appro…
52 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Definition of Drug
Drug acquires three names:
Patent life, the length of time from p…
After patent expires,
any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Chemical name... Generic name (nonproprietary name, shorter and…
17 years
-other manufacturers may legally begin to manufacture generic…
Definition of Drug
any chemical that affects the physiologic processes of a livi…
Drug acquires three names:
Chemical name... Generic name (nonproprietary name, shorter and…
58 terms
Chapter 2 Pharmacology
Absorption
Addiction
Affinity
Agonist
The process where a drug enter the circulatory system
A dependence characterized by a perceived need o take a drug…
The strength by which a particular chemical messenger binds t…
A drug that binds to a particular receptor site and triggers…
Absorption
The process where a drug enter the circulatory system
Addiction
A dependence characterized by a perceived need o take a drug…
47 terms
Chapter 2/pharmacology
Bioavailability
Chemical name
Combination drug
Controlled substance
ability of a drug to reach the bloodstream and target tissues
Strict chemical nomenclature used for naming drugs establishe…
drug product with more than one active generic ingredient
In the United States, a drug whose use is restricted by the C…
Bioavailability
ability of a drug to reach the bloodstream and target tissues
Chemical name
Strict chemical nomenclature used for naming drugs establishe…
216 terms
Pharmacology chapter 2
A drug is a ______ active substance th…
The ____ _____ _____ is the measure of…
As dose is increased, the effect is __…
Around the dose where the line sharply…
biologically; cellular
Dose Effect Curve; response; dose
zero; small; quickly
therapeutic
A drug is a ______ active substance th…
biologically; cellular
The ____ _____ _____ is the measure of…
Dose Effect Curve; response; dose
19 terms
pharmacology chapter 2
Extravasated
Six rights of drug administration
Application of pharmacology in patient…
pre- administration assessment
let or force out (a fluid, especially blood) from the vessel…
1- Right drug ... 2- Right patient ... 3- Right dose... 4- Right route…
1- Pre-administration assessment.... 2- Dosage and administratio…
collecting baseline data ... identifying high risk patient's ... as…
Extravasated
let or force out (a fluid, especially blood) from the vessel…
Six rights of drug administration
1- Right drug ... 2- Right patient ... 3- Right dose... 4- Right route…
19 terms
Chapter 2: pharmacology
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Alendronate
ASA/APAP/ Caffeine (Excedrin)
Febuxostat (uloric)
Non- narcotic analgestic single
Bishphosphonates
Non narcotic analgesic combo- headache
anti gout
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Non- narcotic analgestic single
Alendronate
Bishphosphonates
31 terms
pharmacology chapter 2
cells can
how drugs work
drug movement
pharmacodynamics
1. exchange materials with immediate environment... 2. obtain en…
alter basic processes in body cells either stimulate or inhib…
1. passive transport... 2. Facilitated diffusion... 3. active trans…
what the drug does to the body. ... rxns btween living systems…
cells can
1. exchange materials with immediate environment... 2. obtain en…
how drugs work
alter basic processes in body cells either stimulate or inhib…
72 terms
Pharmacology chapter 2
drug
drugs alter
active drug
inactive
any chemical use for therapeutic application.
biochemical reactions of the body
pure undiluted form of chemical
assists drug action. preservative coloring and flavor
drug
any chemical use for therapeutic application.
drugs alter
biochemical reactions of the body
61 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Additive Effects
Adverse Drug Event
Adverse Drug Reaction
Adverse Effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Any undesirable occurence related to administering or failing…
Any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
A general term for any undesirable effects that are a direct…
Additive Effects
Drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse Drug Event
Any undesirable occurence related to administering or failing…
13 terms
Chapter 2 (Pharmacology)
Drug administration
Pharmacokinetics
ADME
Drug clearance
Routes of drug administration are broadly divided into entera…
Describes what happens with the drug once it is in the patient
Absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination
The volume of plasma from which the drug is completely remove…
Drug administration
Routes of drug administration are broadly divided into entera…
Pharmacokinetics
Describes what happens with the drug once it is in the patient
29 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)
United States Pharmacopeia-Drug Inform…
United States Pharmacopeia-National Fo…
Federal Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
a federal agency that is responsible for protecting and promo…
a three volume set; volumes IA and IB provide drug informatio…
the current three-volume authoritative source for drug standa…
America's first law to regulate drugs; did not include drug e…
US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA)
a federal agency that is responsible for protecting and promo…
United States Pharmacopeia-Drug Inform…
a three volume set; volumes IA and IB provide drug informatio…
66 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
The barrier system that restricts the…
Chemical composition and molecular str…
Any condition that renders a particula…
General name for enzymes that have a s…
Blood-Brain Barrier- BBB
Chemical name.
Contraindication
Cytochrome
The barrier system that restricts the…
Blood-Brain Barrier- BBB
Chemical composition and molecular str…
Chemical name.
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Agonist
Antagonist
Enteral
Hypersensitivity
Chemical or drug that binds to a receptor & creates an effect…
Chemical or drug binds to receptor but does not create an eff…
Goes through intestines
Allergic or immune reaction that affects ventalation
Agonist
Chemical or drug that binds to a receptor & creates an effect…
Antagonist
Chemical or drug binds to receptor but does not create an eff…
29 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 2
The nursing process
Pre-administration assessment
Four basic goals of pre-admin assessment
1.) Establish Baseline Measurements: (…
is a conceptual framework that guides health care delivery:... *…
allows health care providers to establish the baseline data n…
1.) Establish Baseline Measurements: (specific to particular…
Medications are administered to achieve a desired response... -b…
The nursing process
is a conceptual framework that guides health care delivery:... *…
Pre-administration assessment
allows health care providers to establish the baseline data n…
Pharmacology Chapter 2
Additive Effects
Adverse drug event
Adverse drug reaction
Agonist
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
any undesirable related to administering or failing to admini…
any unexpected, unintended, undesired, or excessive response…
a drug that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or mo…
Additive Effects
drug interactions in which the effect of a combination of two…
Adverse drug event
any undesirable related to administering or failing to admini…
15 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 2
4 stages of drug development
preliminary studies
preclinical studies
carcinogenicity
1) synthesis/discovery of new drug compound (preliminary stud…
performed to determine if the drug produces intended effect
done on lab animals to determine safety and effectiveness of…
ability or tendency to produce cancer
4 stages of drug development
1) synthesis/discovery of new drug compound (preliminary stud…
preliminary studies
performed to determine if the drug produces intended effect
40 terms
Pharmacology chapter 2
Animal products
Biotechnology
Certain food substances
Chemical substances
Primarily glandular products that are currently obtained from…
Field of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usual…
Substances that under some conditions serve both as food and…
Agents that may be made synthetically
Animal products
Primarily glandular products that are currently obtained from…
Biotechnology
Field of pharmacology that involves using living cells, usual…
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