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Study sets matching "pharmacology chapter 24"

65 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 24
categories of drugs used in mood disor…
what are common mood disorders?
what is the monoamine hypothesis?
what leads to a depressed mood?
- antidepressants... - antimanic agents... - others
- depression... - bipolar... - anxiety... - eating disorders
a model of mood dysregulation that states depression is due t…
chronically low levels of serotonin and norepinephrine, along…
categories of drugs used in mood disor…
- antidepressants... - antimanic agents... - others
what are common mood disorders?
- depression... - bipolar... - anxiety... - eating disorders
20 terms
Chapter 24 Pharmacology
Positive inotropic drugs
Hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate (…
ACE inhibitors
lisinopril (prinivil, zestril)
Increase the force of myocardial contraction.
First drugs approved for a specific ethnic group (african ame…
prevent sodium and water resorption by inhibiting aldosterone…
used for HTN, HF, and acute MI. can cause hyperkalemia, dry c…
Positive inotropic drugs
Increase the force of myocardial contraction.
Hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate (…
First drugs approved for a specific ethnic group (african ame…
16 terms
Chapter 24, Introduction to Pharmacology
alternate-day therapy
anaphylaxis
antipyretic
Cushings syndrome
medication is taken every other day
a life threatening allergic response
drug used to treat a fever
a result of corticosteroid therapy, includes fat deposits in…
alternate-day therapy
medication is taken every other day
anaphylaxis
a life threatening allergic response
22 terms
Pharmacology chapter 24
what do CNS stimulants do
what is euphoria
what can CNS stimulants treat
what is ADHD
raise general alertness level of the brain
intense sense of happiness and well being
ADHD... Narcolepsy... weight management... stimulation of respiration…
impulsive behavior... lack of attention... hyperactivity
what do CNS stimulants do
raise general alertness level of the brain
what is euphoria
intense sense of happiness and well being
13 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24 Vocabulary
adrenergic
autonomic nervous system
extravasation
neurotransmitter
pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
escape of fluid from a blood vessel into surrounding tissue
chemical substances released at the nerve ending that facilit…
adrenergic
pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
autonomic nervous system
division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
86 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24
PNS
the autonomic nervous system.
sympathetic branch
Norepinephrine
peripheral nervous system, this system of nerves that automat…
This system is further divided into the sympathetic and the p…
which is regulated by involuntary control. In other words, a…
is a neurotransmitter produced naturally by the body. It is t…
PNS
peripheral nervous system, this system of nerves that automat…
the autonomic nervous system.
This system is further divided into the sympathetic and the p…
21 terms
Pharmacology chapter 24
atrial fibrillation
automaticity
chronotropic drugs
dromotropic drugs
a common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
a property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
drugs that influence the rate of the heartbeat
drugs that influence the conduction of electrical impulses wi…
atrial fibrillation
a common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
automaticity
a property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
81 terms
Chapter 24 Pharmacology
What is Myasthenia Gravis?
How many people are affected by MG?
What does MG result from?
What dos the autoimmune disorder MG in…
An autoimmune neuromuscular disease
approximately 14 in 100,000 persons
a lack of ACh receptor sites
an antibody response against an alpha subunit of the AChR sit…
What is Myasthenia Gravis?
An autoimmune neuromuscular disease
How many people are affected by MG?
approximately 14 in 100,000 persons
52 terms
Pharmacology- Chapter 24
What is Parkinson's disease
Parkinsons may develop in...
Parkinsons usually effects those that…
Why does the onset of age with Parkins…
a progressive chronic neurological disorder
people of any age
past middle age and entering their 60's
medications that increase dopamine levels would build toleran…
What is Parkinson's disease
a progressive chronic neurological disorder
Parkinsons may develop in...
people of any age
9 terms
Chapter 24 UTA Pharmacology
Atrial fibrillation
Automaticity
Chronotropic drugs
Dromotropic drugs
A common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
A property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
Drugs that influence the rate of the heartbeat.
Drugs that influence the conduction of electrical impulses wi…
Atrial fibrillation
A common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
Automaticity
A property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
25 terms
Chapter 24 - Pharmacology
Madeleine's baby is one week past her…
Dina has AIDS and is experiencing prof…
Kirsten has advanced breast cancer wit…
Simone has decided to take combined es…
Oxytocin
mengace
methyltestosterone
3-5 years
Madeleine's baby is one week past her…
Oxytocin
Dina has AIDS and is experiencing prof…
mengace
18 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24
acidosis
alkalosis
anions
buffer
condition of having too much acid in the blood; plasma pH bel…
condition of having too many basic substances in the blood; p…
negatively charged ions
chemical that helps maintain normal body pH by neutralizing s…
acidosis
condition of having too much acid in the blood; plasma pH bel…
alkalosis
condition of having too many basic substances in the blood; p…
53 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24
inflammation
rubor
calor
dolor
nonspecific defense mechanism that occurs in reaction to tiss…
redness
heat
pain
inflammation
nonspecific defense mechanism that occurs in reaction to tiss…
rubor
redness
9 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24
Atrial fibrillation
Automaticity
Chronotropic drugs
Dromotropic drugs
A common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
A property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
Drugs that influence the rate of the heartbeat
Drugs that influence the conduction of electrical impulses wi…
Atrial fibrillation
A common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
Automaticity
A property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
67 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24
Middle-age adult=
Older adult=
Newborn=
What can deficient fluid volume lead to?
60% water
40% water
80% water
Dehydration... Shock
Middle-age adult=
60% water
Older adult=
40% water
64 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24: Antiseizure Drugs
What are the two types of partial seiz…
a) What is the most common seizure typ…
What is status epilepticus?
In general, how do antiepileptic agent…
1. Simple ... 2. Complex... 1. Tonic-clonic ... 2. Absence... 3. Myoclonic
a) Tonic-clonic seizure... b) Tonic-clonic seizure... c) Absence…
Epileptic seizure lasting longer than 30 minutes or absence o…
Inhibit initiation of an abnormal electrical discharge from t…
What are the two types of partial seiz…
1. Simple ... 2. Complex... 1. Tonic-clonic ... 2. Absence... 3. Myoclonic
a) What is the most common seizure typ…
a) Tonic-clonic seizure... b) Tonic-clonic seizure... c) Absence…
114 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24: Drugs for Epilepsy
Generalized seizures may be ___ or ___.
As a rule, Generalized seizures produc…
6 main types of Generalized seizures
Which were previously known as grand m…
convulsive or nonconvulsive
loss of consciousness
Tonic-clonic ... Absence (petit mal)... Atonic... Myoclonic... Status Epi…
Tonic-clonic seizures
Generalized seizures may be ___ or ___.
convulsive or nonconvulsive
As a rule, Generalized seizures produc…
loss of consciousness
20 terms
Pharmacology II Chapter 24
When cells produce a protein or other…
Two general types of hormones are deri…
Most hormones including oxytocin are r…
An individual with an enlarged thyroid…
True
True
False
False
When cells produce a protein or other…
True
Two general types of hormones are deri…
True
64 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24: Antiseizure Drugs
What are the two types of partial seiz…
a) What is the most common seizure typ…
What is status epilepticus?
In general, how do antiepileptic agent…
1. Simple ... 2. Complex... 1. Tonic-clonic ... 2. Absence... 3. Myoclonic
a) Tonic-clonic seizure... b) Tonic-clonic seizure... c) Absence…
Epileptic seizure lasting longer than 30 minutes or absence o…
Inhibit initiation of an abnormal electrical discharge from t…
What are the two types of partial seiz…
1. Simple ... 2. Complex... 1. Tonic-clonic ... 2. Absence... 3. Myoclonic
a) What is the most common seizure typ…
a) Tonic-clonic seizure... b) Tonic-clonic seizure... c) Absence…
17 terms
Chapter 24 pharmacology
What is a diuretic and what does it do
Five indications of diuretics
General contradictions of diuretics
Adverse affects of the loop
They increased fluid loss and increased sodium secretions
1. Osmotic ... 2. Loop... 3. Potassium sparing ... 4. Thiazides ... 5. Ca…
Anurea hypertension hyper sensitivity diarrhea hyperkalemia
Abnormal fluid or electrolyte balance hypotension hypokalemia…
What is a diuretic and what does it do
They increased fluid loss and increased sodium secretions
Five indications of diuretics
1. Osmotic ... 2. Loop... 3. Potassium sparing ... 4. Thiazides ... 5. Ca…
9 terms
Pharmacology- chapter 24
mannitol
chlorothiazide
hydrochlorothiazide
indapamide
Osmitro
Diuril
HydroDIURIL
Lozol
mannitol
Osmitro
chlorothiazide
Diuril
92 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24
what does the hypothalamus regulate
what normally between body heat genera…
what is fever the result of
what increases the synthesis and secre…
temperature
homeostatic balance
fever inducing substances called pyrogens
cytokines
what does the hypothalamus regulate
temperature
what normally between body heat genera…
homeostatic balance
11 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24-27
Adrenergic Drugs
Actions of Adrenergic Drugs
Uses of Adrenergic Drugs
Adverse Reactions
pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
Heart - increase in the heart rate
septic shock
Bradycardia and tachycardia
Adrenergic Drugs
pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
Actions of Adrenergic Drugs
Heart - increase in the heart rate
31 terms
Pharmacology chapter 24-25
Which of the following is the function…
A cluster of blood capillaries in a re…
When metabolic waste products re disch…
Which of the following is produced in…
Nephron
Glomerulus
Excreted
Creatinine
Which of the following is the function…
Nephron
A cluster of blood capillaries in a re…
Glomerulus
13 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 24 - Adrenergic Drugs
adrenergic
autonomic nervous system
extravasation
neurotransmitter
pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
escape of fluid from a blood vessel into surrounding tissue
chemical substances released at the nerve ending that facilit…
adrenergic
pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
autonomic nervous system
division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
12 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24 (cont.)
What are serotonin-selective drugs use…
What are SS drugs known as?
What are triptans considered as?
Triptan prototype drug
To relieve pain and inflammation related to migraine headache
Triptans
First line drugs for treatment of acute migraine
sumatriptan (Imitrex)
What are serotonin-selective drugs use…
To relieve pain and inflammation related to migraine headache
What are SS drugs known as?
Triptans
9 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 24 Key Terms
Artrial Fibrillation
Automaticity
Chronotropic Drugs
Dromotropic Drugs
A common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial constructions that a…
A property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
Drugs that influence the rate of the heartbeat
Drugs that influence the conduction of electrical impulses wi…
Artrial Fibrillation
A common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial constructions that a…
Automaticity
A property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
13 terms
Pharmacology 3.3 Chapter 24
Digoxin
Digitoxin
Digoxin Immune Fab
Dopamine
Mechanism: Cardiac glycosides. Myocardium: *inhibit plasma me…
Mechanism: Cardiac glycosides. Myocardium: *inhibit plasma me…
Mechanism: Cardiac glycosides. Myocardium: *inhibit plasma me…
Mechanism: β-adrenergic agonists. Increase cAMP by activating…
Digoxin
Mechanism: Cardiac glycosides. Myocardium: *inhibit plasma me…
Digitoxin
Mechanism: Cardiac glycosides. Myocardium: *inhibit plasma me…
16 terms
HLHS 115 chapter 24 - Pharmacology
Basic life support
Intravenous Routes of Administration
Intracardiac Route of Administration
calcium chloride and epinephrine (Adre…
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)... -involves mechanically ci…
by far the most common route for administering emergency drugs
not used frequently, but can be valuable when other routes ha…
only drugs that can be given by intracardiac administration
Basic life support
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)... -involves mechanically ci…
Intravenous Routes of Administration
by far the most common route for administering emergency drugs
28 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 24 Heart Failure Drugs
atrial fibrilation
automaticity
chronotropic drugs
dromotropic drugs
a common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
a property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
drugs that influence the rate of the heartbeat
drugs that influence the conduction of electrical impulses wi…
atrial fibrilation
a common cardiac dysrhythmia with atrial contractions that ar…
automaticity
a property of specialized excitable tissue in the heart that…
10 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24 Heart Failure Drugs
ACE Inhibitors
Angiotenis 2 Receptor Blockers
Beta Blockers
Aldosterone Antagonists
- Prevent sodium and water resorption ... -Decreases work load o…
-Vasodilates... -Decreases SVR
- Reduce or Block sympathetic nervous system stimulation to t…
Potassium-sparing diuretic... -Reduces symptoms of heart failure.
ACE Inhibitors
- Prevent sodium and water resorption ... -Decreases work load o…
Angiotenis 2 Receptor Blockers
-Vasodilates... -Decreases SVR
26 terms
PHARMACOLOGY II - Chapter 24 - Heart Failure
Inotropic
Digoxin
CHF... A. fib... A. flutter
Beat more forcefully +... Beat more slowl…
Word that means related to or influencing the force of myocar…
Prototype for inotropes
Indications of digoxin
Effect of digoxin on the heart
Inotropic
Word that means related to or influencing the force of myocar…
Digoxin
Prototype for inotropes
34 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 24 Terms - Overview of the Hematologic System
Albumin
Antigen
Basophils
Blasts
The most common protein found in plasma.
A substance that provokes the immune system.
The least common white blood cell; plays a role in allergic r…
Cells formed from stem cells during the differentiation proce…
Albumin
The most common protein found in plasma.
Antigen
A substance that provokes the immune system.
20 terms
Chapter 24 revised pharmacolog
Myasthenia gravis (MG) cause
Symptoms of MG? Caused by?
What does MD do?
Muscle spasms causes;
lack of nerve impulse/muscle response at myoneural junction.
Symptoms; fatigue/muscular weakness of respiratory system, fa…
Attacks myelin sheath of never fibers and causes lesions (Pla…
injury or motor neuron disorders; cerebral palsy, MS, spinal…
Myasthenia gravis (MG) cause
lack of nerve impulse/muscle response at myoneural junction.
Symptoms of MG? Caused by?
Symptoms; fatigue/muscular weakness of respiratory system, fa…
28 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 24 - Adrenergic Drugs
Adrenergic
Autonomic Nervous System
Extravasation
Neurotransmitter
Pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
Division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
Escape of fluid from a blood vessel into surrounding tissue
Chemical substances released at the nerve ending that facilit…
Adrenergic
Pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system, w…
Autonomic Nervous System
Division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
Pharmacology Exam 3 (CHAPTER 24)
Right Sided Heart Failure
Left Sided Heart Failure
hydralazine(Apresoline)
isosorbide dinitrate(Isordil)
Fatigue... Ascites... Weight Gain... Edema
Pulmonary Congestion... Restlessness... Confusion... Tachycardia... Fatig…
Arterial Dilators: Vasodilator
Venodilators
Right Sided Heart Failure
Fatigue... Ascites... Weight Gain... Edema
Left Sided Heart Failure
Pulmonary Congestion... Restlessness... Confusion... Tachycardia... Fatig…
88 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24:Treatment of oropharyngeal infections
WHAT DO WE FIND A HIGH PREVALENCE OF I…
WHAT DO WE FIND A HIGH PREVALENCE OF I…
CALSSIFY INFECTIONS OF THE ORAL CAVITY:
NAME ALL ODONTOGENIC INFECTIONS:
Gram +ve cocci
Gram negative bacilli and spirochetes
1-odontogenic ... 2-non odontogenic
1-carries... 2-pulpitis... 3-periapical abscess... 4-gingivitis... 5-peri…
WHAT DO WE FIND A HIGH PREVALENCE OF I…
Gram +ve cocci
WHAT DO WE FIND A HIGH PREVALENCE OF I…
Gram negative bacilli and spirochetes
61 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24, Myocardial Infarction and Stroke
Infarction
Embolic Stroke
High Density Lipoproteins
Low Density Lipoproteins
a sudden loss of blood supply that results in cell death
a stoke caused by an emboli obstructing the flow of blood thr…
also known as HDLs
also known as LDLs
Infarction
a sudden loss of blood supply that results in cell death
Embolic Stroke
a stoke caused by an emboli obstructing the flow of blood thr…
47 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24 Heart Failure Drugs
Heart Failure
Symptoms of Heart Failure depend on th…
Heart Failure Causes
The New York Heart Association Class I
unable to pump blood in sufficient amounts from the ventricle…
Systolic dysfunction... Diastolic dysfunction
Myocardial infarction... Valve deficiency... Coronary artery diseas…
A patient who is not limited with normal physical activity by…
Heart Failure
unable to pump blood in sufficient amounts from the ventricle…
Symptoms of Heart Failure depend on th…
Systolic dysfunction... Diastolic dysfunction
40 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24: Heart Failure Drugs
positive inotropic drugs
negative inotropic drugs
positive chronotropic drugs
negative chronotropic drugs
increase the force of myocardial contraction
decrease the force of myocardial contraction
increase the rate at which the heart beats
decrease the rate at which the heart beats
positive inotropic drugs
increase the force of myocardial contraction
negative inotropic drugs
decrease the force of myocardial contraction
32 terms
Pharmacology Ch 24
cyclooxygenase
Platelet aggregation
prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors
Reye syndrome
Enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins.... COX-…
Clumping together of platelets in the blood.
Aka NSAIDs block COX-1 and COX-2 prostaglandins.
Potentially fatal disease characterized by swelling in the br…
cyclooxygenase
Enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins.... COX-…
Platelet aggregation
Clumping together of platelets in the blood.
40 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24: Heart Failure Drugs
positive inotropic drugs
negative inotropic drugs
positive chronotropic drugs
negative chronotropic drugs
increase the force of myocardial contraction
decrease the force of myocardial contraction
increase the rate at which the heart beats
decrease the rate at which the heart beats
positive inotropic drugs
increase the force of myocardial contraction
negative inotropic drugs
decrease the force of myocardial contraction
104 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24-30 (Aug 15th/17th)
α¹ receptor
α² receptor
β¹ receptor
β² receptor
Vasoconstriction
Regulates release of neurotransmitters; decreases tone, motil…
Increased heart rate, increased force of myocardial contraction
Vasodilation of peripheral vessels; bronchodilation
α¹ receptor
Vasoconstriction
α² receptor
Regulates release of neurotransmitters; decreases tone, motil…
40 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 24 inflammation/immune modulation
Most common inflammatory disorder
Causes of inflammation
Purpose of inflammation
Differences between acute and chronic…
arthritis
physical injury, exposure to toxic chemicals, extreme heat, i…
containment of injury or destruction of microorganisms
Acute: immediate onset, lasts 1-2 weeks... Chronic: unresolvable…
Most common inflammatory disorder
arthritis
Causes of inflammation
physical injury, exposure to toxic chemicals, extreme heat, i…
40 terms
Chapter 24 Pharmacology Reproductive System Drugs
Hormone
Androgen
Estrogen
FSH
Chemical signals that travel via bloodstream that effect the…
A male sex organ
A female sex organ
Follicle stimulating hormone; it stimulates development of th…
Hormone
Chemical signals that travel via bloodstream that effect the…
Androgen
A male sex organ
37 terms
Pharmacology Gastrointestinal System Chapter 24
Acid Rebound
Adsorbent
Anorectal
Anthelmintics
increase in gastric acid secretions to neutralize antacids th…
Liquid or gas substance that readily adheres the surface of a…
Pertaining to the anus or rectum
Agents used for treatment of intestinal worms
Acid Rebound
increase in gastric acid secretions to neutralize antacids th…
Adsorbent
Liquid or gas substance that readily adheres the surface of a…
13 terms
Pharmacology Test 3 Chapter 24
What can this drug (Valproic acid) cau…
Phenytoin
Oral phenytoin is used to treat partia…
To prevent development of significant…
Pancreatitis
diagram of plasma drug level
...convulsive status epilepticus (SE).
administration should not exceed 50 mg/min in adults.
What can this drug (Valproic acid) cau…
Pancreatitis
Phenytoin
diagram of plasma drug level
12 terms
Roach's introductory clinical pharmacology chapter 24 terms
Adrenergic
Autonomic nervous system
Extravasation
Neurotransmitter
Pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system sy…
Division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
Escape of fluid from a blood vessel into surrounding tissue
Chemical substances released at the nerve ending of facilitat…
Adrenergic
Pertaining to the sympathetic branch of the nervous system sy…
Autonomic nervous system
Division of the peripheral nervous system concerned with func…
32 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 24 - Pregnancy and Breast Feeding
during pregnancy
weighed against the benefit to the women
during 2nd trimester
1st
No unnecessary drug should be given __?
If drug is given, the risk to the fetus must be __?
When is elective dental treatment ok during pregnancy?
The following occurs during which trimester of pregnancy: ... 1.…
during pregnancy
No unnecessary drug should be given __?
weighed against the benefit to the women
If drug is given, the risk to the fetus must be __?
48 terms
MDA 106 Pharmacology Chapter 24/Week 2 Vocab
thoracentesis
arrhythmia
depolarization
electrocardiogram
surgical puncture of thoracic cavity
irregular heart beat
electrical activity is generated
diagnostic tool to record electrical current of the heart
thoracentesis
surgical puncture of thoracic cavity
arrhythmia
irregular heart beat
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