Study sets matching "pharmacology chapter 7 agents"

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Study sets matching "pharmacology chapter 7 agents"

259 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 7 Antiinfective Agents
Which dental problem is drugs most oft…
Categories of infection
Antiinfective Agents
Antibacterial Agents
Infection, after pain management.
-Caries... -Perio Disease... -Localized dental infections... -Systemic…
Substances that act against or destroy INFECTIONS
Substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multioplica…
Which dental problem is drugs most oft…
Infection, after pain management.
Categories of infection
-Caries... -Perio Disease... -Localized dental infections... -Systemic…
Pharmacology: Chapter 7 Antiinfective Agents
Which dental problem is drugs most oft…
Categories of infection
Antiinfective Agents
Antibacterial Agents
Infection, after pain management.
-Caries... -Perio Disease... -Localized dental infections... -Systemic…
Substances that act against or destroy INFECTIONS
Substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multioplica…
Which dental problem is drugs most oft…
Infection, after pain management.
Categories of infection
-Caries... -Perio Disease... -Localized dental infections... -Systemic…
159 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7 - Anti-Infective Agents
Types of dental infections are:
Antiinfective agents include:
A dental infection typically starts as…
Inflammation =
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Localized Dental infectio…
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetracyclines... 4. Clindamycin…
postive; negative
abcess
Types of dental infections are:
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Localized Dental infectio…
Antiinfective agents include:
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetracyclines... 4. Clindamycin…
159 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7 - Anti-Infective Agents
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Lo…
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetrac…
postive; negative
abcess
Types of dental infections are:
Antiinfective agents include:
A dental infection typically starts as gram ___ and then beco…
Inflammation =
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Lo…
Types of dental infections are:
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetrac…
Antiinfective agents include:
140 terms
Chapter 7- antiinfective agents- pharmacology
What is the dental problem for which d…
If the infection is just beginning, th…
Oral surgeons have been comfortable us…
Antiinfective agents
Infection
Gram-positive cocci
Psuedomembranous colitis
Substances that act against or destroy infections
What is the dental problem for which d…
Infection
If the infection is just beginning, th…
Gram-positive cocci
Pharmacology chapter 7 anti-infective agents
Antibiotics
Antibacterial
Antiinfective
Antimicrobial
Substances that are produced by microorganisms that destroy o…
Substances from any source that destory or suppress the growt…
Substance from any source that act against or destroy infecti…
Substances that destory or suppress the growtn or multliplica…
Antibiotics
Substances that are produced by microorganisms that destroy o…
Antibacterial
Substances from any source that destory or suppress the growt…
159 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7 - Anti-Infective Agents
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Lo…
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetrac…
postive; negative
abcess
Types of dental infections are:
Antiinfective agents include:
A dental infection typically starts as gram ___ and then beco…
Inflammation =
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Lo…
Types of dental infections are:
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetrac…
Antiinfective agents include:
123 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7 - Anti-Infective Agents
Antiinfective Agents:Antibiotics Most…
Bactericidal =
Bacteriostatic =
Spectrum =
1.Penicillins... 2.Cephalosporins... 3.Macrolides... a.Azithromycin... b.…
The ability to kill bacteria
The ability to inhibit the growth of bacteria
range of activity - broad vs narrow
Antiinfective Agents:Antibiotics Most…
1.Penicillins... 2.Cephalosporins... 3.Macrolides... a.Azithromycin... b.…
Bactericidal =
The ability to kill bacteria
Pharmacology - Chapter 7 - Anti-Infective Agents
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Lo…
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetrac…
postive; negative
abcess
Types of dental infections are:
Antiinfective agents include:
A dental infection typically starts as gram ___ and then beco…
Inflammation =
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Lo…
Types of dental infections are:
1. Penicillins... 2. Macrolides... 3. Tetrac…
Antiinfective agents include:
17 terms
Pharmacology- chapter 7: anti-infective Agents
Classification of antibacterial drugs
Bacterciial wall inhibitors
Penicillin G... Penicillin V
Nafcillin ... Methicillin ... Dicloxacillin
1. Bactericidal cell wall inhibitors ... 2. DNA inhibitors ... 3. A…
Penicillin ... Cephalosporins
Nonresistant staphylococcus and streptococcus, syphilis, anth…
Penicilliase, resistant penicillin
Classification of antibacterial drugs
1. Bactericidal cell wall inhibitors ... 2. DNA inhibitors ... 3. A…
Bacterciial wall inhibitors
Penicillin ... Cephalosporins
72 terms
Pharmacology: Chapter 7- Antibiotics and Antifungal, Antiviral, and Antiparasitic Agents
Which antibiotic agent may produce bon…
What is an advantage to prolonged oral…
Typhoid fever is most effectively trea…
Which of the following drugs is semisy…
Chloramphenicol.
Vaginal infection.
Chloramphenicol.
Oxacillin sodium.
Which antibiotic agent may produce bon…
Chloramphenicol.
What is an advantage to prolonged oral…
Vaginal infection.
21 terms
Chapter 7 Antibacterial Agents
Bacteriocidal
Bacteriostatic
Narrow spectrum
Broad spectrum
Kills bacteria
inhibits bacterial growth
Effective against specific types of microoganism
ability of a drug to be effective against a wide range of mic…
Bacteriocidal
Kills bacteria
Bacteriostatic
inhibits bacterial growth
42 terms
Pharmacology Ch 7 Antiinfective Agents
Drugs in the dental office are most of…
What are the 4 types of dental infecti…
Do you give antibiotics for chronic pe…
Do you give antibiotics for aggressive…
Infection, after pain management
Caries... Periodontal disease... Localized dental infections (abses…
NO
YES
Drugs in the dental office are most of…
Infection, after pain management
What are the 4 types of dental infecti…
Caries... Periodontal disease... Localized dental infections (abses…
25 terms
Pharmacology Ch.7 (Anti-Infective Agents)
Types of Dental Infections
Caries
Periodontal Disease
Localized Dental Infections
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal Disease... 3. Localized Dental Infectio…
- Produced by S.mutans... - The 1st important dental infection o…
- DH biggest problem in the adult patient... - Because it is now…
- For most localized dental infections, if adequate drainage…
Types of Dental Infections
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal Disease... 3. Localized Dental Infectio…
Caries
- Produced by S.mutans... - The 1st important dental infection o…
70 terms
Pharmacology ch7 antibacterial agents.
narrow spectrum aka natural
Broad spectrum
Penicillins
Bacteria responsible for most odontoge…
Relatively ineffective against gram negative (-) because thos…
Most effective against gram negative (-) bacteria... Includes:…
Primarily effect against gram (+) bacteria like Streptococcus…
Streptococci: penicillin effective against streptococci speci…
narrow spectrum aka natural
Relatively ineffective against gram negative (-) because thos…
Broad spectrum
Most effective against gram negative (-) bacteria... Includes:…
Pharmacology 7 Antibacterial Agents
Bactericidal Antibiotics--Penicillin's…
Bactericidal Antibiotics--Penicillin's…
Bactericidal Antibiotics--Penicillin's…
Bactericidal Antibiotics--Penicillin's…
Penicillin V (Pen-vee K, V-cillin K, Veetids)... Penicillin G (I…
Amoxocillin (Amoxil, Trimox)... Ampicillin (Omnipen)
Amoxicillin + Clavulanate (Augmentin)... Ampicillin + Sulbactam…
Dicloxacillin (Dycill)... Nafcillin (injectable)... Oxacillin (Bact…
Bactericidal Antibiotics--Penicillin's…
Penicillin V (Pen-vee K, V-cillin K, Veetids)... Penicillin G (I…
Bactericidal Antibiotics--Penicillin's…
Amoxocillin (Amoxil, Trimox)... Ampicillin (Omnipen)
69 terms
Pharm Chapter 7- Antiinfective Agents
Several Types of dental infections
Caries
Periodontal disease
Localized dental infection
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Localized dental infectio…
1. produced by Streptococcus mutans... 2. important for primary…
1. adult patient-biggest problem... 2. knowledge of antiinfectiv…
1. arise from perio or endo related sources... 2. if adequate dr…
Several Types of dental infections
1. Caries... 2. Periodontal disease... 3. Localized dental infectio…
Caries
1. produced by Streptococcus mutans... 2. important for primary…
13 terms
Chapter 7 Antiinfective Agents
antiinfective agents
antibacterial agents
antimicrobial agents
antifungal agents
substances that act against or destroy infection
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
antiinfective agents
substances that act against or destroy infection
antibacterial agents
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
Antiinfective Agents Chapter 7
What is the second most common problem…
How does antiobiotic resistance occur
Chemical substances produced by microo…
Has the ability to kill bacteria... Irrev…
Infection... number one problem is pain management
1. not completing antiobiotic... 2. Over exposure to antiobiotic…
Antiobiotic agent
Bactericidal
What is the second most common problem…
Infection... number one problem is pain management
How does antiobiotic resistance occur
1. not completing antiobiotic... 2. Over exposure to antiobiotic…
Chapter 7 Antiinfective Agents
Caries produced by
Periodontal Disease
Systemic Infections
Dental Infections
Streptococcus mutans
DHG biggest problem
Identified by symptoms of fever, malaise, & tachycardia
Gram-positive cocci are initially responsible for dental infe…
Caries produced by
Streptococcus mutans
Periodontal Disease
DHG biggest problem
163 terms
Chapter 7 Antiinfective Agents
Antiinfective agents
Antibacterial agents
Antibiotic agents
Antimicrobial agents
substances that act against or destroy infections
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
chemical substances produced by microorganisms that have the…
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
Antiinfective agents
substances that act against or destroy infections
Antibacterial agents
substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
177 terms
Pharmacology Ch. 7 Antiinfective Agents
What is the second most prescribed dru…
Dental Infections can be divided into…
Dental infections are primarily Gram _…
How do we classify bacteria
Antiinfective Agents
Caries (produced my strep. mutants)... Periodontal Disease (cau…
posotive... streptococcus mutans... α -hemolytic streptococci
staining, structure (look), by what they eat
What is the second most prescribed dru…
Antiinfective Agents
Dental Infections can be divided into…
Caries (produced my strep. mutants)... Periodontal Disease (cau…
31 terms
Chapter 7- Antimicrobial Agents
What makes the body more susceptible t…
Sources of Infection
How to Select Antimicrobial Agents
Resistant Organisms: Super Bugs
1. Age- young and elderly... 2. Increased Exposure to Pathogenic…
-Bacteria: infection w/ antibiotics goes away usually within…
1. Location of Infecting Organism... 2. Status of clients organ…
1. MRSA: methicillin resistant, skin wounds and sputum- treat…
What makes the body more susceptible t…
1. Age- young and elderly... 2. Increased Exposure to Pathogenic…
Sources of Infection
-Bacteria: infection w/ antibiotics goes away usually within…
Pharmacology-Chapter 7
anticholinergic
Aricept
Tensilon
Atrovent
drugs that block muscarinic receptors
treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Diagnosis of myasthenia gravis
treatment of bronchodilation, asthma, COPD
anticholinergic
drugs that block muscarinic receptors
Aricept
treatment of Alzheimer's disease
74 terms
CHAPTER 7 ANTIINFECTIVE AGENTS
CARIES PRODUCED BY
PERIODONTAL DISEASE
IF THE INFECTION IS JUST BEGINNING THE…
WHAT IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE FOR DENTAL…
STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS ANTIBIOTICS ARE NOT USEFUL TO TREAT OR P…
BIGGEST DENTAL PROBLEM IN THE ADULT PATIENT MANY DIFFERENT BA…
GRAM POSTIVE COCCI
PENICILLIN PEN VK IS THE DRUG OF CHOICE UNLESS THE PATIENT IS…
CARIES PRODUCED BY
STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS ANTIBIOTICS ARE NOT USEFUL TO TREAT OR P…
PERIODONTAL DISEASE
BIGGEST DENTAL PROBLEM IN THE ADULT PATIENT MANY DIFFERENT BA…
65 terms
Antiinfective Agents Chapter 7
Antiiinfective agents are used to treat?
What is the 2nd most common reason med…
How do you determine which antibiotic…
Substances that act against or destroy…
Infections
Infection. 1st is pain. Treats cavities and abscesses for exa…
It depends on the stage the infection is in and type of bacte…
Aniinfective Agents
Antiiinfective agents are used to treat?
Infections
What is the 2nd most common reason med…
Infection. 1st is pain. Treats cavities and abscesses for exa…
92 terms
Chapter 7: Antiinfective agents
What is the second most common reason…
Under what 2 circumstances are antibio…
What is the Blood serum level?
What is the Minimum inhibitory concent…
Treat infections ... -Antibiotics
1. Abscess can be drained... 2. Pt. isn't Immnocompromised
Concentration of Antibiotic in blood
Minimum amount of bacteria that is grown in a petri dish
What is the second most common reason…
Treat infections ... -Antibiotics
Under what 2 circumstances are antibio…
1. Abscess can be drained... 2. Pt. isn't Immnocompromised
Pharmacology Chapter 7
How are enternal medications given
What is the most common route of admin…
Advantages of oral preparations
Disadvantages of oral preparations
Enternal medications are given directly to the GI tract via t…
Through the mouth or orally. PO or by mouth
1. They are easy for the nurse to give and for the patient to…
1.They can not be given to patients with a lot of nausea, who…
How are enternal medications given
Enternal medications are given directly to the GI tract via t…
What is the most common route of admin…
Through the mouth or orally. PO or by mouth
20 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 15 agents
Trade name for Ketamine?
Trade name for Etomidate
Trade name for Propofol
Trade name for Fentanyl
Ketalar
Amidate
Diprivan
Sublimaze
Trade name for Ketamine?
Ketalar
Trade name for Etomidate
Amidate
Antiinfective Agents Chapter 7
What is the second most common problem…
How does antiobiotic resistance occur
Chemical substances produced by microo…
Has the ability to kill bacteria... Irrev…
Infection... number one problem is pain management
1. not completing antiobiotic... 2. Over exposure to antiobiotic…
Antiobiotic agent
Bactericidal
What is the second most common problem…
Infection... number one problem is pain management
How does antiobiotic resistance occur
1. not completing antiobiotic... 2. Over exposure to antiobiotic…
89 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 22 Psychotherapeutic Agents
Antipsychotic
Attention-Deficit Disorder:
Bipolar Disorder
Major Tranquilizer
drug used to treat disorders involving thought processes; dop…
behavioral syndrome characterized by an inability to concentr…
behavioral disorder that involves extremes of depression alte…
former name of antipsychotic drugs; the name is no longer use…
Antipsychotic
drug used to treat disorders involving thought processes; dop…
Attention-Deficit Disorder:
behavioral syndrome characterized by an inability to concentr…
46 terms
Pharmacology 7: Antibacterial Agents
what is an antimicrobial? what is an a…
true or false, most antibiotics are en…
what is a bacteriostat? examples?
true or false, the immune system is re…
- any substance that kills or inhibits the growth of a microo…
false!... - many antibiotics are modified after production (semi…
- stops bacteria from multiplying but doesn't kill them... - tet…
true!... - the drug just stops grow - helps make the immune syst…
what is an antimicrobial? what is an a…
- any substance that kills or inhibits the growth of a microo…
true or false, most antibiotics are en…
false!... - many antibiotics are modified after production (semi…
81 terms
Pharmacology - Chapter 7
what are the sympathomimetics?
how do the sympathomimetics act?
are endogenous sympathomimetics used c…
what are the differences between norep…
drugs that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
- directly - by stimulating alpha or beta receptors... - indirec…
- yes... - emergency medicine
- epinephrine can bind to all adrenergic receptors whereas no…
what are the sympathomimetics?
drugs that mimic the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
how do the sympathomimetics act?
- directly - by stimulating alpha or beta receptors... - indirec…
Principals of Pharmacology - chapter 7
Absorption
Contraindication
Side effect
Adsorption
Process by which medications travel through body tissues
Situation in which a drug should not be given
Any action of a drug other than the desired one
To bind or stick to a surface
Absorption
Process by which medications travel through body tissues
Contraindication
Situation in which a drug should not be given
14 terms
chapter 7: logical agents
each time the agent program is called…
describe the wumpus world in PEAS
describe the wumpus world's task envir…
define syntax, semantics, and inferenc…
tells the KB what it perceives, asks the KB what action it sh…
P: goal... E: pit, wumpus... A: left turn, right turn, forward, bac…
observable: no... deterministic: yes... episodic: no... static: yes... di…
syntax: specifies what you can say (symbols and rules)... seman…
each time the agent program is called…
tells the KB what it perceives, asks the KB what action it sh…
describe the wumpus world in PEAS
P: goal... E: pit, wumpus... A: left turn, right turn, forward, bac…
11 terms
Pharmacology- Chapter 7 Key Terms
Alternative Medicine
Complementary medicine
Conventional medicine
Dietary Supplement
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
The practice of medicine as taught in western medical schools.
A product that contains an ingredient intended to supplement…
Alternative Medicine
Herbal medicine, chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, reflexol…
Complementary medicine
Alternative medicine when used simultaneously with, rather th…
79 terms
Pharmacology Ch. 7 Antiinfective Agents
What are the different types of dental…
After pain management, what is the den…
T/F Most patients, without immune func…
Define: Antibiotic agents
-caries... -periodontal disease... -localized dental infections... -sy…
Infection
True
Chemical substances produced by microorganisms that have the…
What are the different types of dental…
-caries... -periodontal disease... -localized dental infections... -sy…
After pain management, what is the den…
Infection
Pharmacology: Chapter 7 Capsule
Dosage Ordered
Desired Dosage
Dose on hand
D
Total amount ordered and its frequency of administration
Amount to be administered at one time
Amount of drug in dosage unit
Desired dose
Dosage Ordered
Total amount ordered and its frequency of administration
Desired Dosage
Amount to be administered at one time
49 terms
Chapter 7 pharmacology
the amount to be administered at one t…
the total amount of ordered drug, alon…
dose on hand, per the dosage unit
the volume of medication that contains…
desired dose
dosage ordered
dosage strength
dosage unit
the amount to be administered at one t…
desired dose
the total amount of ordered drug, alon…
dosage ordered
Antiinfective Agents Chapter 7
What is the second most common problem…
How does antiobiotic resistance occur
Chemical substances produced by microo…
Has the ability to kill bacteria... Irrev…
Infection... number one problem is pain management
1. not completing antiobiotic... 2. Over exposure to antiobiotic…
Antiobiotic agent
Bactericidal
What is the second most common problem…
Infection... number one problem is pain management
How does antiobiotic resistance occur
1. not completing antiobiotic... 2. Over exposure to antiobiotic…
39 terms
Chapter 7-Antiinfective agents
Dental infections:... Caries: produced b…
Dental infection "evolution":... Stage 1…
Stage 2. Mixed stage (both gram-positi…
Stage 3: infection progresses and will…
Streptococcus... Periodontal... tachy
positive; abcess... penicillin; amoxicillin... Amoxicillin... ma…
penicillin/amoxicillin... metronidazole and clindamycin ... V... Cl…
anaerobic... anaerobic
Dental infections:... Caries: produced b…
Streptococcus... Periodontal... tachy
Dental infection "evolution":... Stage 1…
positive; abcess... penicillin; amoxicillin... Amoxicillin... ma…
50 terms
Pharmacology Chapter Ten: Ophthalmic Agents
12
Enzymes
Enzymes
Wydase
How many ophthalmic agent groups are there?
Ophthalmic agent group that serves as protein catalysts.
Hyaluronidase and alpha-chymotrypsin are examples of what oph…
The brand name for the enzyme hyaluronidase.
12
How many ophthalmic agent groups are there?
Enzymes
Ophthalmic agent group that serves as protein catalysts.
13 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 33 - Anticholinergic Agents
* atropine (generic)
Cyclizine (Marezine)
dicyclomine (generic)
flavoxate (Urispas)
...
...
...
...
* atropine (generic)
...
Cyclizine (Marezine)
...
14 terms
Agent chapter 7
Constitution
Executive
Economic depression
Judicial Branch
document in which the laws, principle, organization, and proc…
In government, person who runs the government and sees that t…
is a period when business activity slows, prices and wages dr…
System of courts to settle disputes involving national issues
Constitution
document in which the laws, principle, organization, and proc…
Executive
In government, person who runs the government and sees that t…
Pharmacology 1 - Chapter 7
Identify the parts of the human cell.
nucleus
Describe the role of each organelle fo…
ribosomes
nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
the part of a cell that contains the DNA and genetic material…
...
membranous structures that are the sites of protein productio…
Identify the parts of the human cell.
nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm
nucleus
the part of a cell that contains the DNA and genetic material…
pharmacology test #7, Unit 13- dermatological agents
Acne pathophysiology
closed comedones
open comedones
inflammatory lesions
inflammation of the sebaceous glands
black heads
white heads
pustules, papules
Acne pathophysiology
inflammation of the sebaceous glands
closed comedones
black heads
pharmacology chapter 7
afterload
arrhythmia (dysrhythmia)
Automaticity
Bradyarrhythmia
the resistance (pressure) in arteries that must be overcome t…
a variation from the normal rhythm
the ability of cardia muscle to generate impulses
bradycardia associated with an irregularity of heart rhythm
afterload
the resistance (pressure) in arteries that must be overcome t…
arrhythmia (dysrhythmia)
a variation from the normal rhythm
47 terms
Ch. 7 Antiiinfective agents Part 1 (Pharmacology)
Antimicrobial agents
Antifungal agents
Antiviral agents
Penicillium notatum
Destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of microorga…
Destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of fungi
Substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplicat…
Fleming observed a mold that produced a substance that inhibi…
Antimicrobial agents
Destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of microorga…
Antifungal agents
Destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of fungi
Pharmacology chapter 92 antifungal agents
Amphotericin B
Amphotericin B
Amphotericin B toxicity
Oral Amphotericin B absorption
Drug of choice for must systemic mycoses
Binds to ergosterol in fungal cell membrane. Leakage of intra…
Results from binding to cholesterol in host cell membranes.
Poor absorption, do systemic mycosis required IV
Amphotericin B
Drug of choice for must systemic mycoses
Amphotericin B
Binds to ergosterol in fungal cell membrane. Leakage of intra…
PHARMACOLOGY: Chapter 6: Diagnostic Agents
Contraindicated
Dye
Hypersensitivty
Radiopaque
Reasons against giving a particular drug
Solutions that color or mark tissue for identification
Excessive sensitivity
Substance does not permit x-rays to pass through
Contraindicated
Reasons against giving a particular drug
Dye
Solutions that color or mark tissue for identification
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