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Study sets matching "pharmacology neurology"

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Study sets matching "pharmacology neurology"

171 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Ketamine mechanism of action and side…
NDMA receptor
NMDA receptor blocker
Phenobarbituate mechanism of action
NMDA antagonist in order to block synaptic plasticity, memory…
Ionotropic receptor for glutamate... Na, Ca... Needs: glycine, zinc
Mg2+
GABAa agonist, b subunit ... For treatment: anesthesia, seizures
Ketamine mechanism of action and side…
NMDA antagonist in order to block synaptic plasticity, memory…
NDMA receptor
Ionotropic receptor for glutamate... Na, Ca... Needs: glycine, zinc
21 terms
Pharmacology (neurology)
Which drug should you use in glaucoma…
How do you reverse the non-benzodiazep…
How do you treat malignant hyperthermia?
What is the preference order of how lo…
Pilocarpine
Also flumazenil... It's a competitive antagonist at the GABA rec…
Malignant hyperthermia: fever and severe muscle contractions…
Small>large... Myelinated>non-myelinated... Order: pain, temperatur…
Which drug should you use in glaucoma…
Pilocarpine
How do you reverse the non-benzodiazep…
Also flumazenil... It's a competitive antagonist at the GABA rec…
106 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Why is epinephrine contraindicated in…
What are the side effects of alpha-ago…
What is the alpha 2 agonist used for g…
MOA of brimonidine?
Causes mydriasis which can make the closed-angle problem worse
Blurry vision, ocular hyperemia, foreign body... sensation, ocul…
Brimonidine
Decreased aqueous humor synthesis
Why is epinephrine contraindicated in…
Causes mydriasis which can make the closed-angle problem worse
What are the side effects of alpha-ago…
Blurry vision, ocular hyperemia, foreign body... sensation, ocul…
67 terms
Neurology-Pharmacology
d. phenobarbital... with a security Rx form
dampen
yes, no, yes, yes also LFT and mental…
yes, no (brady-), yes, yes
What anticonvulsant has an MOA that enhances GABA binding for…
What do barbituates do?
What should you monitor with phenobarbital?... a. drug levels b.…
Major ADEs of phenobarbital include... a. CNS agitation b. tachy…
d. phenobarbital... with a security Rx form
What anticonvulsant has an MOA that enhances GABA binding for…
dampen
What do barbituates do?
150 terms
Neurology: Pharmacology
Glaucoma drugs
Glaucoma drugs... --- α-agonists
Epinephrine ... --- side effects
Glaucoma drugs... --- α-agonists: other s…
↓ IOP via ↓ amount of aqueous humor ... (inhibit synthesis/secre…
epinephrine (α1)... --- ↓ aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconst…
Mydriasis (α1)... --- do not use in closed-angle... glaucoma
Blurry vision... ocular hyperemia... foreign body sensation... ocular…
Glaucoma drugs
↓ IOP via ↓ amount of aqueous humor ... (inhibit synthesis/secre…
Glaucoma drugs... --- α-agonists
epinephrine (α1)... --- ↓ aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconst…
30 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Donepezil
Rivastigmine
Memantine
Methylprednisolone
Aricept... Mild/Moderate Alzheimer's Disease
Exelon... Mild/Moderate Alzheimer's Disease
Namenda... Moderate/Severe Alzheimer's Disease
Medrol... Acute MS relapse
Donepezil
Aricept... Mild/Moderate Alzheimer's Disease
Rivastigmine
Exelon... Mild/Moderate Alzheimer's Disease
87 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine (α1 agonist)
Brimonidine (α2 agonist)
Timolol, betaxolol, or carteolol (β-bl…
Acetazolamide (diuretics)
Glaucoma drug. ... Mech: Dec Aq humor synthesis via vasoconstric…
Glaucoma drug.... Mech: Dec Aq humor synthesis... SE: blurry vision…
Glaucoma drug.... Mech: Dec Aq humor synthesis from ciliary body…
Glaucoma drug. ... Mech: Dec aqueous humor synthesis via inhibit…
Epinephrine (α1 agonist)
Glaucoma drug. ... Mech: Dec Aq humor synthesis via vasoconstric…
Brimonidine (α2 agonist)
Glaucoma drug.... Mech: Dec Aq humor synthesis... SE: blurry vision…
160 terms
Pharmacology -- Neurology
Glaucoma drugs: types
Alpha-agonists: names
What is brimonidine specific for
Epi -- mechanism
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Epinephrine, brimonidine
a2
decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Glaucoma drugs: types
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Alpha-agonists: names
Epinephrine, brimonidine
41 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Tramadol
Bromocriptine, Pramipexole, Ropinirole
Amantadine
Levodopa (L-dopa)/carbidopa
Weak opioid agonist... - also inhibits 5-HT and NE reuptake... - "t…
Dopamine agonists... - bind to post-synaptic dopamine receptors…
Increases dopamine release and decreases dopamine reuptake... A…
L-dopa is converted by central DOPA decarboxylase in the brai…
Tramadol
Weak opioid agonist... - also inhibits 5-HT and NE reuptake... - "t…
Bromocriptine, Pramipexole, Ropinirole
Dopamine agonists... - bind to post-synaptic dopamine receptors…
17 terms
Neurology (Pharmacology)
Goal of glaucoma drugs
Alpha Agonists (Epinephrine=alpha-1; B…
B Blockers (Timolol, Betaxolol, Carteo…
Diuretics (Acetazolamide)
decrease IOP via decreased amount of aqueous humor (inhibitor…
GLAUCOMA DRUGS... alpha 1 (Gq) > increases pupillary dilator mus…
GLAUCOMA DRUGS... B2 (Gs) usually increases aqueous humor produc…
GLAUCOMA DRUGS... Decreases aqueous humor synthesis via inhibiti…
Goal of glaucoma drugs
decrease IOP via decreased amount of aqueous humor (inhibitor…
Alpha Agonists (Epinephrine=alpha-1; B…
GLAUCOMA DRUGS... alpha 1 (Gq) > increases pupillary dilator mus…
113 terms
Pharmacology: Neurology
alpha agonists in glaucoma: ... epinephri…
alpha agonists in glaucoma: ... epinephri…
beta-blockers in glaucoma:... timolol... bet…
beta-blockers in glaucoma:... timolol... bet…
epinephrine (a1), ... dec. aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconst…
mydriasis (a1); do not use in closed-angle glaucoma. ... burry v…
dec. aqueous humor synthesis.
no pupillary or vision changes.
alpha agonists in glaucoma: ... epinephri…
epinephrine (a1), ... dec. aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconst…
alpha agonists in glaucoma: ... epinephri…
mydriasis (a1); do not use in closed-angle glaucoma. ... burry v…
131 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Glaucoma drugs
Epinephrine (α1-agonist) Mechanism
Epinephrine (α1-agonist) Side Effects
Brimonidine (α2-agonist) Mechanism
↓ IOP via ↓ amount of aqueous humor (inhibit synthesis/secret…
↓ aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Mydriasis (α1); do not use in closed-angle glaucoma... Blurry vi…
↓ aqueous humor synthesis
Glaucoma drugs
↓ IOP via ↓ amount of aqueous humor (inhibit synthesis/secret…
Epinephrine (α1-agonist) Mechanism
↓ aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
182 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
How do α1-agonists (eg, epinephrine) a…
What side effects do pts have with epi…
Which α-agonist is contraindicated for…
By what mechanism do β-blockers treat…
They decrease aqueous humor synthesis
Mydriasis (α1), blurry vision, ocular hyperemia, foreign body…
Epinephrine
By decreasing aqueous humor synthesis; timolol, betaxolol, ca…
How do α1-agonists (eg, epinephrine) a…
They decrease aqueous humor synthesis
What side effects do pts have with epi…
Mydriasis (α1), blurry vision, ocular hyperemia, foreign body…
87 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Opiod analgesics
Opioid analgesics: mechanism
Opioid analgesics: side effects
Antidote for opioid toxicity
-morphine... -fentanyl... -codeine... -loperamide... -methadone... -meperidi…
act as agonists at opioid receptors--> open K+ channels, clos…
-addiction... -respiratory depression... -constipation... -miosis... -add…
naloxone or naltrexone (opioid receptor antagonist)
Opiod analgesics
-morphine... -fentanyl... -codeine... -loperamide... -methadone... -meperidi…
Opioid analgesics: mechanism
act as agonists at opioid receptors--> open K+ channels, clos…
117 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Alpha agonists for Glaucoma-- Names
Epinephrine, Brimonidine-- MOA
Epinephrine, Brimonidine-- Side effects
Beta blockers for Glaucoma-- Names
Epinephrine... Brimonidine (a2)
Decrease aqueous humor synthesis (vasoconstriction)
Epinephrine: Mydriasis, DO NOT USE IN CLOSED ANGLE GLAUCOMA... B…
Timolol, Betaxolol, Carteolol
Alpha agonists for Glaucoma-- Names
Epinephrine... Brimonidine (a2)
Epinephrine, Brimonidine-- MOA
Decrease aqueous humor synthesis (vasoconstriction)
101 terms
Neurology pharmacology
Epinephrine
Adverse effects of epinephrine in glau…
brimonidine
Side effects of brimonidine include bl…
alpha 1 agonist, glaucoma drug; acts to decrease intracranial…
mydriasis; DO NOT USE in closed-angle glaucoma; Blurry vision…
alpha 2 agonist; glaucoma drug; decreases IOP by decreasing a…
ocular; sensation; pruritis
Epinephrine
alpha 1 agonist, glaucoma drug; acts to decrease intracranial…
Adverse effects of epinephrine in glau…
mydriasis; DO NOT USE in closed-angle glaucoma; Blurry vision…
160 terms
Pharmacology -- Neurology
Glaucoma drugs: types
Alpha-agonists: names
What is brimonidine specific for
Epi -- mechanism
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Epinephrine, brimonidine
a2
decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Glaucoma drugs: types
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Alpha-agonists: names
Epinephrine, brimonidine
28 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
epinephrine
brimonodine
Beta Blockers
Acetazolamide
-a1 agonist, glaucoma drug... -MOA: dec aqueous humor synthesis…
-a2, glaucoma drug... -MOA: dec aqueous humor synthesis... -Tox: no…
-glaucoma drug - timolol, betaxolol, carteolol... -MOA: dec aque…
-diuretic, glaucoma drug... -MOA: dec aqueous humor synthesis vi…
epinephrine
-a1 agonist, glaucoma drug... -MOA: dec aqueous humor synthesis…
brimonodine
-a2, glaucoma drug... -MOA: dec aqueous humor synthesis... -Tox: no…
87 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
MOA of opiod analgesics?
Impact of agonism?
Clinical uses of dextromethorphan?
Clinical uses of loperamide?
-act as agonists at opiod receptors
-open K+ channels... -close Ca2+ channels ... -decrease synaptic tr…
-cough suppression
-diarrhea
MOA of opiod analgesics?
-act as agonists at opiod receptors
Impact of agonism?
-open K+ channels... -close Ca2+ channels ... -decrease synaptic tr…
29 terms
Pharmacology for Neurology
anticonvulsants
Treating tonic-clonic (grand mal) seiz…
Treating tonic-clonic (grand mal) seiz…
Treating tonic-clonic (grand mal) seiz…
Information common to anticonvulsants... a. action: stabilize ne…
i. action: stabilize neuronal membranes in CNS to limit sprea…
i. action: interferes with impulse transmission of cerebral c…
i. very effective anticonvulsant, emergency drug of choice ... i…
anticonvulsants
Information common to anticonvulsants... a. action: stabilize ne…
Treating tonic-clonic (grand mal) seiz…
i. action: stabilize neuronal membranes in CNS to limit sprea…
51 terms
Pharmacology - Neurology
The treatment for a TIA is
Dipyridamole has both (2)
Treatment for an ischaemic stroke (wit…
The time limit for thrombolysis in isc…
modified-release dipyridamole
antiplatelet and vasodilatory effects
thrombolysis (IV TPA)
4.5 hours
The treatment for a TIA is
modified-release dipyridamole
Dipyridamole has both (2)
antiplatelet and vasodilatory effects
54 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol, betaxolol, carteolol
Acetazolamide
Drug: alpha 1 agonist... Use: glaucoma... Mechanism: Decreases aqu…
Drug: alpha 2 agonist... Use: glaucoma... Mechanism: Decreeased aq…
Drug: beta-blocker... Use: glaucoma... Mechanism: decreased aqueous…
Drug: diuretics... Use: glaucoma... Mechanism: decreased aqueous hu…
Epinephrine
Drug: alpha 1 agonist... Use: glaucoma... Mechanism: Decreases aqu…
Brimonidine
Drug: alpha 2 agonist... Use: glaucoma... Mechanism: Decreeased aq…
160 terms
Pharmacology -- Neurology
Glaucoma drugs: types
Alpha-agonists: names
What is brimonidine specific for
Epi -- mechanism
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Epinephrine, brimonidine
a2
decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Glaucoma drugs: types
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Alpha-agonists: names
Epinephrine, brimonidine
59 terms
Pharmacology: Neurology
cholinergic effects
adrenergic effects
parasympathetic ANS
sympathetic ANS
Constrict pupils ... Increased saliva... Bronchoconstriction ... Incre…
Dry mouth ... Dilate pupils... Increased contractility... Increased HR…
Eyes:... -Pupils constrict (near vision)... -Eyes become ... Mouth wa…
Eyes:... -Pupils dilate (for vision)... -Eyes water, tears form... Mo…
cholinergic effects
Constrict pupils ... Increased saliva... Bronchoconstriction ... Incre…
adrenergic effects
Dry mouth ... Dilate pupils... Increased contractility... Increased HR…
87 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Triptan Indications
Triptans
Sumatriptan
Zolmitriptan
Acute Migraine, Migraine prophylaxis
Suma, Zolmi, Nara, Almo, Frova, Ele, Riza,
Imitrex
Zomig
Triptan Indications
Acute Migraine, Migraine prophylaxis
Triptans
Suma, Zolmi, Nara, Almo, Frova, Ele, Riza,
122 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Who qualifies for migraine prophylaxis?
Tension-type headache prophylaxis
Migraine prophylaxis
Cluster headache prophylaxis
- recurring migraines with significant disability despite acu…
TCAs, SNRIs, skeletal muscle relaxants, Botox
beta-blockers, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, ACEI/ARBs, C…
Verapamil... Lithium... Ergotamine... Corticosteroids
Who qualifies for migraine prophylaxis?
- recurring migraines with significant disability despite acu…
Tension-type headache prophylaxis
TCAs, SNRIs, skeletal muscle relaxants, Botox
160 terms
Pharmacology -- Neurology
Glaucoma drugs: types
Alpha-agonists: names
What is brimonidine specific for
Epi -- mechanism
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Epinephrine, brimonidine
a2
decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Glaucoma drugs: types
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Alpha-agonists: names
Epinephrine, brimonidine
50 terms
Neurology - Pharmacology
Inhaled anesthetics- used for sedation…
Treatment: dantrolene... Cause: halothan…
Barbituate used for IV anesthetic; ver…
Benzodiazepines- GABA receptor binder.…
Examples: halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, desflurane, nit…
Treatment for malignant hyperthermia. ... What causes malignant…
Thiopental
Examples: midazolam, lorazepam, diazepam, alprazolam.
Inhaled anesthetics- used for sedation…
Examples: halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, desflurane, nit…
Treatment: dantrolene... Cause: halothan…
Treatment for malignant hyperthermia. ... What causes malignant…
16 terms
Neurology pharmacology
Opiod Analgesics Mechanism
cough supression
diarrhea
maintenance program for heroine addicts
modulate synaptic transmission, opening K channels, closing C…
dextromethorphan
loperamide, diphyenoxylate
methadone, buprenorphine+naloxone
Opiod Analgesics Mechanism
modulate synaptic transmission, opening K channels, closing C…
cough supression
dextromethorphan
46 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol, betaxolol, carteolol
Acetazolamide
alpha agonist... decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstr…
alpha-2 agonist... decrease aqueous humor synthesis... Side Effects…
Beta blockers... decrease aqueous humor synthesis ... Side Effects:…
Diuretic ... decrease aqueous humor synthesis via inhibition of…
Epinephrine
alpha agonist... decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstr…
Brimonidine
alpha-2 agonist... decrease aqueous humor synthesis... Side Effects…
46 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol, betaxolol, carteolol
Acetazolamide
Alpha-1 agonist. Decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasocon…
Alpha-2 agonist. Decrease aqueous humor synthesis. Side effec…
Beta-blockers. Decreased aqueous humor synthesis. Side effect…
Diuretic. Decrease aqueous humor synthesis via inhibition of…
Epinephrine
Alpha-1 agonist. Decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasocon…
Brimonidine
Alpha-2 agonist. Decrease aqueous humor synthesis. Side effec…
93 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Procaine
Lignocaine
Mepivacaine
Bupivacaine
Local anaesthetic... - Short half life... - Rarely used as tissue p…
Local anaesthetic... - 2 hour half life... - metabolised in liver b…
Local Anaesthetic... - Rapid onset, moderate duration... - Less vas…
Local Anaesthetic... - Slow onset, Long duration... - Widely used b…
Procaine
Local anaesthetic... - Short half life... - Rarely used as tissue p…
Lignocaine
Local anaesthetic... - 2 hour half life... - metabolised in liver b…
37 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Ethosuximide
Ethosuximide
Ethosuximide
Benzodiazepines
Blocks thalamic T-Type Ca2+ channels
Drug of choice for Absent Seizures
Side Effects:... Fatigue... GI distress... Headache... Itching... Steven-Joh…
Drug of Choice for Acute Status Epilepticus
Ethosuximide
Blocks thalamic T-Type Ca2+ channels
Ethosuximide
Drug of choice for Absent Seizures
139 terms
neurology - PHARMACOLOGY +
medications cause seizures:- bupropion
valproic acid and carbamazepine
lamotrigine :
SSRI :
seizures... bupropion (atypical antidepressant) , *isoniazid wit…
: agranulocytosis
steven johnson syndrome
sexual dysfunction (especially in women)... and can be* used for…
medications cause seizures:- bupropion
seizures... bupropion (atypical antidepressant) , *isoniazid wit…
valproic acid and carbamazepine
: agranulocytosis
77 terms
Neurology: Pharmacology
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol
betaxolol
alpha-1 agonist... Use: Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesi…
alpha-2 agonist... Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesis... Adv…
beta-blocker for glaucoma... decre AH synthesis... non pupillary or…
beta-blocker for glaucoma... decre AH synthesis... non pupillary or…
Epinephrine
alpha-1 agonist... Use: Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesi…
Brimonidine
alpha-2 agonist... Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesis... Adv…
54 terms
Pharmacology - Neurology
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol
Betaxolol
Use: Glaucoma... Mechanism: alpha agonist... Decreased aqueous humo…
Use: Glaucoma... Mechanism: alpha-2 agonist ... Decreased aqueous h…
Use: Glaucoma... Mechanism: beta blocker... Decreased aqueous humor…
Use: Glaucoma... Mechanism: beta blocker... Decreased aqueous humor…
Epinephrine
Use: Glaucoma... Mechanism: alpha agonist... Decreased aqueous humo…
Brimonidine
Use: Glaucoma... Mechanism: alpha-2 agonist ... Decreased aqueous h…
19 terms
NEUROLOGY PHARMACOLOGY
Benzodiazepam
Nonbenzodiazepam
Centrally Acting Muscle Relaxant
Peripherally Acting Muscle Relaxant
-For sleep DO bc cause sedation/hypnotics (CNS depressant)... -p…
-help short term tx of sleep DO... -ex. Ambien, lunesta, sonata…
-ex. Baclofen... -SE: dizzy, drowsy, constipation, nausea... -*star…
- dantrolene only med... - inhibit release of calcium... - SE: musc…
Benzodiazepam
-For sleep DO bc cause sedation/hypnotics (CNS depressant)... -p…
Nonbenzodiazepam
-help short term tx of sleep DO... -ex. Ambien, lunesta, sonata…
17 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine and Brimonidine
Timolol, betaxolol, carterolol
acetazolamide
Pilocarpine, carbachol
Epinephrine is a1 agonist to decrease aqueous humor synthesis…
B blockers that decrease aqueous humor synthesis
diuretic that decreases aqueous humor synthesis via inhibitio…
Direct cholinomimetics that increase outflow of aqueous humor…
Epinephrine and Brimonidine
Epinephrine is a1 agonist to decrease aqueous humor synthesis…
Timolol, betaxolol, carterolol
B blockers that decrease aqueous humor synthesis
160 terms
Pharmacology -- Neurology
Glaucoma drugs: types
Alpha-agonists: names
What is brimonidine specific for
Epi -- mechanism
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Epinephrine, brimonidine
a2
decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Glaucoma drugs: types
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Alpha-agonists: names
Epinephrine, brimonidine
52 terms
Neurology - Pharmacology
Glaucoma drugs
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol, betaxolol, carteolol
alpha-agonists... B-blockers... Diuretics... Cholinomimetics... Prostagla…
alpha-agonist... dec aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstrictio…
alpha-agonist... dec aqueous humor synthesis... SE: blurry vision,…
B-blockers... dec aqueous humor synthesis
Glaucoma drugs
alpha-agonists... B-blockers... Diuretics... Cholinomimetics... Prostagla…
Epinephrine
alpha-agonist... dec aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstrictio…
81 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
G-protein coupled receptors (mu, delta…
Mu opiod receptor
Delta opiod receptor
Kappa opiod receptor
Opiod receptors are this type of receptor, and have these cla…
Receptor that binds morphine and endorphins
Receptor that binds enkephalins
Receptor that binds dynorphins
G-protein coupled receptors (mu, delta…
Opiod receptors are this type of receptor, and have these cla…
Mu opiod receptor
Receptor that binds morphine and endorphins
68 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Name the 5 drug types that can be used…
Which of the drugs that tx glaucoma ca…
What specific side effect does latanop…
Names of the 2 direct and 2 indirect c…
alpha-agonists... beta-blockers... acetazolamide diuretic... cholinomi…
alpha-agonists (epinephrine, brimonidine)... cholinomimetics... PG
Darkening of the iris
Direct = pilocarpine, carbachol... Indirect = physostigmine & ec…
Name the 5 drug types that can be used…
alpha-agonists... beta-blockers... acetazolamide diuretic... cholinomi…
Which of the drugs that tx glaucoma ca…
alpha-agonists (epinephrine, brimonidine)... cholinomimetics... PG
10 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Opioid analgesics mech
Opioid analgesics use
Opioid tox
Treatment of Opiod tox
Open K+ channels, close Ca2+ channels --> decrease synaptic t…
Pain... Cough suppression... Diarrhea... Acute pulmonary edema... Mainten…
Addiciton... Respiratory depression... Constipation... Miosis... Additive…
Naloxone or naltrexone
Opioid analgesics mech
Open K+ channels, close Ca2+ channels --> decrease synaptic t…
Opioid analgesics use
Pain... Cough suppression... Diarrhea... Acute pulmonary edema... Mainten…
91 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Glaucoma Drugs
Alpha Agonists : Epinephrine Alpha 1
Alpha Agonists Brimonidine Alpha 2
Low Dose Epinepherine
1. MOA: Decrease IOP via Decreased amount of Aqueous humor In…
1. MOA; Decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction…
1. MOA: Decrease Aqueous Humor Synthesis. 2. Side Effects : B…
Beta 1,2. Is like Isoproterenol. Vasodialation
Glaucoma Drugs
1. MOA: Decrease IOP via Decreased amount of Aqueous humor In…
Alpha Agonists : Epinephrine Alpha 1
1. MOA; Decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction…
77 terms
Neurology: Pharmacology
Epinephrine
Brimonidine
Timolol
betaxolol
alpha-1 agonist... Use: Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesi…
alpha-2 agonist... Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesis... Adv…
beta-blocker for glaucoma... decre AH synthesis... non pupillary or…
beta-blocker for glaucoma... decre AH synthesis... non pupillary or…
Epinephrine
alpha-1 agonist... Use: Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesi…
Brimonidine
alpha-2 agonist... Glaucoma... decrease aqueous humor synthesis... Adv…
51 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine
cannot use Epinephrine in:
timolol, betaxolol, carteolol
acetazolamide
- alpha 1 agonist... - decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vas…
closed-angle glaucoma... - mydriasis
b-blockers that decrease aqueous humor synthesis... - used for g…
- diuretics that decreases aqueous humor synthesis via inhibi…
Epinephrine
- alpha 1 agonist... - decreases aqueous humor synthesis via vas…
cannot use Epinephrine in:
closed-angle glaucoma... - mydriasis
160 terms
Pharmacology -- Neurology
Glaucoma drugs: types
Alpha-agonists: names
What is brimonidine specific for
Epi -- mechanism
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Epinephrine, brimonidine
a2
decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstriction
Glaucoma drugs: types
- alpha-agonists... - beta-blockers... - diuretics... - Cholinomimetic…
Alpha-agonists: names
Epinephrine, brimonidine
50 terms
Neurology Pharmacology
Epinephrine, Brimonidine
Timolol, Betaxolol, Carteolol
Acetazolamide
Cholinomimetics
Mechanism: decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstrict…
Mechanism: decrease aqueous humor synthesis [beta-blockers]... U…
Mechanism: decrease aqueous humor synthesis via inhibition of…
Direct (pilocarpine, carbachol); Indirect (physostigmine, ech…
Epinephrine, Brimonidine
Mechanism: decrease aqueous humor synthesis via vasoconstrict…
Timolol, Betaxolol, Carteolol
Mechanism: decrease aqueous humor synthesis [beta-blockers]... U…
39 terms
Pharmacology/ neurology
Myasthenia gravis
Guillain Barre
SAH
Continuous Seizure not responding to b…
Anticholinesterase + steroids... Plasmapheresis... IgIV... Thymectomy
Plasmapheresis... Ig IV
Nimodipine prevents vasoespasm... MOA: calcium channel blocker
1.Benzo + Phenytoin... 2.Phenobarbital ... 3. General anestehsia wi…
Myasthenia gravis
Anticholinesterase + steroids... Plasmapheresis... IgIV... Thymectomy
Guillain Barre
Plasmapheresis... Ig IV
77 terms
Pharmacology: Neurology
Heroin... Class
Heroin... MOA
Heroin... Clinical Use
Heroin... Adverse effects
Therapeutic: narcotic... Pharmacologic: opioid agonist
Agonists to 4 endogenous neurotransmitters
Acute & chronic pain... MI... Acute PE
Addiction
Heroin... Class
Therapeutic: narcotic... Pharmacologic: opioid agonist
Heroin... MOA
Agonists to 4 endogenous neurotransmitters
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