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Study sets matching "pharmacotherapy antibiotics"

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Study sets matching "pharmacotherapy antibiotics"

136 terms
Pharmacotherapy: Antibiotics
Principles of antbiotic dosing
bacteriostatis
bacterioscidal
Antibiotic pharmacodynamics
...
keeps bacteria from increasing more, but remains at same level
kills present bacteria
- T>minimum inhibitory concentratinopi (MIC)... - Peak/MIC... - AUC…
Principles of antbiotic dosing
...
bacteriostatis
keeps bacteria from increasing more, but remains at same level
242 terms
Pharmacotherapy: Antibiotic Review
Good Luck
Describe gram + organisms
Describe gram - organisms
Gram + organisms stain
:)
Have a thick peptidoglycan layer
Thin peptidoglycan layer and outer membrane; have porin prote…
Purple
Good Luck
:)
Describe gram + organisms
Have a thick peptidoglycan layer
242 terms
Pharmacotherapy: Antibiotic Review
Good Luck
Describe gram + organisms
Describe gram - organisms
Gram + organisms stain
:)
Have a thick peptidoglycan layer
Thin peptidoglycan layer and outer membrane; have porin prote…
Purple
Good Luck
:)
Describe gram + organisms
Have a thick peptidoglycan layer
242 terms
Pharmacotherapy: Antibiotic Review
Good Luck
Describe gram + organisms
Describe gram - organisms
Gram + organisms stain
:)
Have a thick peptidoglycan layer
Thin peptidoglycan layer and outer membrane; have porin prote…
Purple
Good Luck
:)
Describe gram + organisms
Have a thick peptidoglycan layer
30 terms
Pharmacotherapy III Antibiotic Quiz List
Pennicillin
Dicloxacillin... Cloxacillin... Nafcillin... Ox…
Ticarcillin... Pipercillin
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate... Ampicillin/Sul…
Streptococcus +... Enterobacteriaceae +/-
S. aureus +... Streptococcus +
Streptococcus +... Enterococcus +... Enterbacteriaceae +... Pseudomona…
S. aureus +... Streptococcus +... Enterococcus +... Enterobacteriaceae…
Pennicillin
Streptococcus +... Enterobacteriaceae +/-
Dicloxacillin... Cloxacillin... Nafcillin... Ox…
S. aureus +... Streptococcus +
30 terms
Pharmacotherapy III Antibiotic Quiz List
Pennicillin
Dicloxacillin... Cloxacillin... Nafcillin... Ox…
Ticarcillin... Pipercillin
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate... Ampicillin/Sul…
Streptococcus +... Enterobacteriaceae +/-
S. aureus +... Streptococcus +
Streptococcus +... Enterococcus +... Enterbacteriaceae +... Pseudomona…
S. aureus +... Streptococcus +... Enterococcus +... Enterobacteriaceae…
Pennicillin
Streptococcus +... Enterobacteriaceae +/-
Dicloxacillin... Cloxacillin... Nafcillin... Ox…
S. aureus +... Streptococcus +
96 terms
Antibiotics
What are the patient factors to consid…
What the antibiotic factors to conside…
What is MIC?
What are the pharmaco-dynamic determin…
Site and source of infection... Likely cause of infection at sit…
Spectrum of activity... Method of administration... Penetration to…
Minimum Inhibitory Capacity - the concentration under standar…
Different parameters predict response to therapy for differen…
What are the patient factors to consid…
Site and source of infection... Likely cause of infection at sit…
What the antibiotic factors to conside…
Spectrum of activity... Method of administration... Penetration to…
35 terms
Specialized pharmacotherapy final prep
Mosquitoes
Anti-malarial
Atovaquone and proguanil
False - it's taken weekly.
Malaria is mainly transmitted by?
Chloroquine belongs to which drug class?
Malarone contains which two ingredients?
True/false: Aralen is taken daily.
Mosquitoes
Malaria is mainly transmitted by?
Anti-malarial
Chloroquine belongs to which drug class?
12 terms
Antibiotics
MOA of Pencillins
MOA of Cephalosporins
MOA of Cabopanems
MOA of Vancomycin
inhibits cell wall synthesis... -bind to PBPs and inhibit trans…
inhibits cell wall synthesis... -bind to PBPs and activate auto…
inhibits cell wall synthesis... -bind to PBPs... -must be given wi…
inhibits cell wall synthesis... -inhibits transglycosylase
MOA of Pencillins
inhibits cell wall synthesis... -bind to PBPs and inhibit trans…
MOA of Cephalosporins
inhibits cell wall synthesis... -bind to PBPs and activate auto…
37 terms
Antibiotics
Antibiotic MOA
Antibiotic drug classes
Aminoglycoside drugs... (-MYCIN)
Gentamicin
inhibit protein synthesis
-Aminoglycosides... -Tetracyclines... -Clindamycin... -Macrolides
-Gentamicin... -Tobramycin... -Amikacin... -Streptomycin... -Neomycin... -Pa…
-Narrow-spectrum... -Exclusively aerobic to gram-negative bacill…
Antibiotic MOA
inhibit protein synthesis
Antibiotic drug classes
-Aminoglycosides... -Tetracyclines... -Clindamycin... -Macrolides
9 terms
antibiotics lecture
empiric therapy
definitive therapy
antimicrobial prophylaxis
bactericidal
therapy before causative organism known, based off of common…
therapy once cultures and sensitivities are back
preventative antibiotics, for high risk patients only
when exposed to antibiotic the number of bacteria decrease
empiric therapy
therapy before causative organism known, based off of common…
definitive therapy
therapy once cultures and sensitivities are back
28 terms
antibiotics simplified
prophylactic antibiotic therapy
empiric antibiotic therapy
definitive antibiotic therapy
MIC
antibiotic treatment given to prevent an infection from devel…
antibiotic treatment given to patients who have a proven infe…
antibiotic treatment based upon what the responsible organism…
minimum inhibitory concentration in broth
prophylactic antibiotic therapy
antibiotic treatment given to prevent an infection from devel…
empiric antibiotic therapy
antibiotic treatment given to patients who have a proven infe…
83 terms
pharmacotherapy - dermatology
Identify key features of pathophys for…
treatment of acne scarring
Acne vulgaris Treatment Goals
Non-Pharmacologic Therapy... Acne vulgaris
1. Non-inflammatory... Open comedones (blackheads) & ... Closed com…
Best prevention: Early appropriate treatment continued for as…
Prevent new eruptions and reduce lesion count... Minimize medica…
...
Identify key features of pathophys for…
1. Non-inflammatory... Open comedones (blackheads) & ... Closed com…
treatment of acne scarring
Best prevention: Early appropriate treatment continued for as…
83 terms
pharmacotherapy - dermatology
Identify key features of pathophys for…
treatment of acne scarring
Acne vulgaris Treatment Goals
Non-Pharmacologic Therapy... Acne vulgaris
1. Non-inflammatory... Open comedones (blackheads) & ... Closed com…
Best prevention: Early appropriate treatment continued for as…
Prevent new eruptions and reduce lesion count... Minimize medica…
...
Identify key features of pathophys for…
1. Non-inflammatory... Open comedones (blackheads) & ... Closed com…
treatment of acne scarring
Best prevention: Early appropriate treatment continued for as…
87 terms
Pharmacology - Antibiotics and Antimicrobial Therapy
Administering antibiotics to a patient…
Administering antibiotics to a patient…
Why don't we just always administer a…
What is it termed when a combination o…
Empiric therapy
Prophylactic therapy
It alters the natural flora in our body, which can ultimately…
Synergism
Administering antibiotics to a patient…
Empiric therapy
Administering antibiotics to a patient…
Prophylactic therapy
54 terms
Pharmacotherapy Exam 2 Section 3
What is the function of the gallbladde…
What is bile? [5]
What are the risk factors for Cholethi…
What are some important things about c…
Store bile secreted from liver... Absorbs water and electrolyte…
Bile acids, phospholipids, cholesterol, drugs, and metabolites
> 40 yo... Female (pregnancy and BC)... Obesity (BMI >30)... Rapid wei…
85-90% of gallstones... Cholesterol monohydrate... Radiolucent
What is the function of the gallbladde…
Store bile secreted from liver... Absorbs water and electrolyte…
What is bile? [5]
Bile acids, phospholipids, cholesterol, drugs, and metabolites
32 terms
Pharmacotherapy of Malignancies
Cancer
Radiation
Goal of treatment
Cancer characteristics
Survivial rate of 40%, combination of many diseases... Best trea…
Adverse effects, kill host cells as well
- Cure... - Palliative... - Prolong survival ... - Control pain
Resistance to treatment ... - Melanoma resistant to most drugs... C…
Cancer
Survivial rate of 40%, combination of many diseases... Best trea…
Radiation
Adverse effects, kill host cells as well
81 terms
pharmacotherapy exam 3 drugs
Phentermine
Orlistat
Locaserin
Phentermine/topiramate CR
MOA: reducing food intake: sympathomimetic amine, inc. releas…
(alli)... MOA: affecting fat absorption: lipase inhibitor ... long…
belviq... MOA: selective serotonin 2C receptor agonist ... long ter…
qsymia ... MOA: reduce food intake, promote satiety, possible in…
Phentermine
MOA: reducing food intake: sympathomimetic amine, inc. releas…
Orlistat
(alli)... MOA: affecting fat absorption: lipase inhibitor ... long…
24 terms
pharmacotherapy - otic disorders
Pathophysiology of the ear... Protective…
Factors Compromising Protective Barriers
Recognize and explain the associated s…
Recommend pharmacologic treatments for…
Hairs lining outer half of EAC... Acidic pH... Cerumen coating... Natu…
1 EAC cul-de-sac: dark, warm, collects moisture... 2 Lipid layer…
acute otitis externa - otalgia, itching, otorrhea, EAC edema…
Acute Otitis Externa... - Antibiotics... - Antibiotics + corticost…
Pathophysiology of the ear... Protective…
Hairs lining outer half of EAC... Acidic pH... Cerumen coating... Natu…
Factors Compromising Protective Barriers
1 EAC cul-de-sac: dark, warm, collects moisture... 2 Lipid layer…
24 terms
pharmacotherapy - otic disorders
Pathophysiology of the ear... Protective…
Factors Compromising Protective Barriers
Recognize and explain the associated s…
Recommend pharmacologic treatments for…
Hairs lining outer half of EAC... Acidic pH... Cerumen coating... Natu…
1 EAC cul-de-sac: dark, warm, collects moisture... 2 Lipid layer…
acute otitis externa - otalgia, itching, otorrhea, EAC edema…
Acute Otitis Externa... - Antibiotics... - Antibiotics + corticost…
Pathophysiology of the ear... Protective…
Hairs lining outer half of EAC... Acidic pH... Cerumen coating... Natu…
Factors Compromising Protective Barriers
1 EAC cul-de-sac: dark, warm, collects moisture... 2 Lipid layer…
62 terms
Antibiotic Chart - Glycylcyclines, Polymyxins, and Miscellaneous Antibiotics
glycylcycline
Tygacil
tigecycline
good
abx class of tigecycline
brand of tigecycline
generic of Tygacil
describe glycylcyclines coverage of gram +
glycylcycline
abx class of tigecycline
Tygacil
brand of tigecycline
69 terms
Pharmacotherapy: Exam 3
Diphenhydramine Dose (Insomnia)
Valerian Dose (Insomnia)
Melatonin Dose (Insomnia)
Diphenhydramine Counseling Points
25-50 mg 30 minutes before bed... Onset: sedation peaks 3-6 hour…
400-900 mg valerian EXTRACT up to 2 hours before bedtime... Onse…
0.3-5 mg up to 120 minutes before bedtime for up to 8 weeks... O…
1. Take for 2-3 nights then skip a night and re-evaluate slee…
Diphenhydramine Dose (Insomnia)
25-50 mg 30 minutes before bed... Onset: sedation peaks 3-6 hour…
Valerian Dose (Insomnia)
400-900 mg valerian EXTRACT up to 2 hours before bedtime... Onse…
44 terms
Pharmacotherapy for Skin Infections
Most common bacterial skin infection
For persons with chronic conditions
General TX Rules
CA- MRSA
Staphylococcus Aureus , GAS (Group A Streptococcus) S. Pyogenes
E. Coli, Klebsiella sp, Pseudomonas aerugenosa
C&D, Broad Spectrum - PCN (Amoxicillin), clavulanate (Augment…
Clindamycin (CLeocin)
Most common bacterial skin infection
Staphylococcus Aureus , GAS (Group A Streptococcus) S. Pyogenes
For persons with chronic conditions
E. Coli, Klebsiella sp, Pseudomonas aerugenosa
118 terms
Pharmacotherapy: Exam 4
Systemic Decongestants
Topical Decongestants
Topical anesthetics
Systemic analgesics and antipyretics
Pseudoephedrine... Phenylpropanolamine (PPE)
Oxymetazoline... Phenylephrine... Naphazoline... ***LIMIT USE TO 3-5 D…
1. Lozenges: benzocaine, dyclonin HCl, menthol, camphor, pect…
Ibuprofen... Acetaminophen... Aspirin... Naproxen
Systemic Decongestants
Pseudoephedrine... Phenylpropanolamine (PPE)
Topical Decongestants
Oxymetazoline... Phenylephrine... Naphazoline... ***LIMIT USE TO 3-5 D…
27 terms
pharmacotherapy test 2 class 3
whats the function of the Gallbladders?
what is Cholethisis ?... what are the ris…
what are the two type of Gallstone dis…
what are the symptoms of Cholethiasis ?
1- to store bile secreted from the liver... 2- absorbs water and…
cholethisasis is also known as Gallstone Disease.... cause by g…
induce by the formation of Cholesterol stones ... induce by the…
steady abdominal pain the generally occurs 30 minutes after m…
whats the function of the Gallbladders?
1- to store bile secreted from the liver... 2- absorbs water and…
what is Cholethisis ?... what are the ris…
cholethisasis is also known as Gallstone Disease.... cause by g…
11 terms
New Antibiotics
New antibiotics are reserved for
The 10 X 20 initiative targets ESKAPE…
Tedizolid
Televancin
skin + soft tissue infections caused by gram positive bacteri…
E. faecium, S. aureus (gram pos), K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii…
like linezolid; covers for MRSA, VRE, strains resistant to li…
new IV antibiotic for MRSA infection; related to vanco; use f…
New antibiotics are reserved for
skin + soft tissue infections caused by gram positive bacteri…
The 10 X 20 initiative targets ESKAPE…
E. faecium, S. aureus (gram pos), K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii…
37 terms
Antibiotic Overview
Narrow spectrum
Broad spectrum
Bacteriostatic
Bactericidal
- inhibits gram-positive or gram-negative
inhibits a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms
inhibits the growth of microbe targeting protein and nucleoti…
kills the microbe targeting cell wall, cell membrane, and DNA…
Narrow spectrum
- inhibits gram-positive or gram-negative
Broad spectrum
inhibits a variety of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms
15 terms
Antibiotic classifications
Sulfonamides
Quinolones/Fluro-Quinolones
B-Lactam
Cephalosporins (category B)
Active against gram-negative bacteria (E. coli, Klebsiella, H…
Effective against gram-negative bacteria and some atypical ba…
Penicillin... Ampicillin... Amoxycillin... Cephalosporins
Cephalosporins and Penicillins belong to the beta-lactam fami…
Sulfonamides
Active against gram-negative bacteria (E. coli, Klebsiella, H…
Quinolones/Fluro-Quinolones
Effective against gram-negative bacteria and some atypical ba…
43 terms
Pharmacotherapy of Pneumonia
Identify pathogens commonly associated…
Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (HAP)
Identify pathogens commonly associated…
Identify risk factors for drug resista…
S. pneumoniae—most common... Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Chlamydia p…
Hospital-acquired (or nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP) is pneumoni…
Streptococcus pneumoniae... Haemophilus influenzae... Methicillin-s…
Age >65 years... Beta-lactam, macrolide, or fluoroquinolone ther…
Identify pathogens commonly associated…
S. pneumoniae—most common... Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Chlamydia p…
Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (HAP)
Hospital-acquired (or nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP) is pneumoni…
38 terms
Pharmacotherapy Bacteriology
Bacteriology
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Capsule or slime layer
the study of bacteria's cell structure, mechanism of action,…
membrane bound nucleus, linear chomosomes, transcription from…
genetic material in cytoplasm, haploid, circular chomosome, D…
glycocalyx ->polysaccharide on external surface, produced by…
Bacteriology
the study of bacteria's cell structure, mechanism of action,…
Eukaryotes
membrane bound nucleus, linear chomosomes, transcription from…
41 terms
Pharmacotherapy
analgesic
narcotic
anesthetic
antacid
a drug that relieves pain
a potent analgesic with addictive properties
a drug that temporarily blocks transmission of nerve conducti…
a drug that neutralizes stomach acid
analgesic
a drug that relieves pain
narcotic
a potent analgesic with addictive properties
51 terms
Pharmacotherapy DS Name/System
CNS... Use: Migraine prevention, somatofo…
CNS / Skin... Use: DHEA deficiency (lupus…
CNS... Use: Migraine prevention/treatment
CNS... Use: Dementia, intermittent claudi…
Butterbur
DHEA
Feverfew
Ginko
CNS... Use: Migraine prevention, somatofo…
Butterbur
CNS / Skin... Use: DHEA deficiency (lupus…
DHEA
10 terms
Antibiotics Coverage
Time-Dependent Abxs (4)
Concentration-Dependent Abxs (3)
Concentration-Independent Abxs (4)
VRE Covering Abxs (3)
Penicillins... Cephalosporins... Carbapenems... Monobactams
Aminoglycosides... Fluoroquinolones... Metronidazole
Clindamycin... Vancomycin... Macrolides... Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole
Tedizolid... Linezolid... Daptomycin
Time-Dependent Abxs (4)
Penicillins... Cephalosporins... Carbapenems... Monobactams
Concentration-Dependent Abxs (3)
Aminoglycosides... Fluoroquinolones... Metronidazole
115 terms
PT4 Antibiotics
Host Factors (7)
Pathogen Factors (4)
Drug Factors (6)
MIC
allergies... age... pregnancy... genetics... renal/hepatic function... conco…
morphology... resistance mechanism... site of infection... identificat…
Mechanism... Toxicity... Kinetics/dynamics... Antibiogram... Tissue Penet…
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration... Minimum concentration to pre…
Host Factors (7)
allergies... age... pregnancy... genetics... renal/hepatic function... conco…
Pathogen Factors (4)
morphology... resistance mechanism... site of infection... identificat…
118 terms
Pharmacotherapy III Exam II
Antibiotic Resistance
Acquired genetic info. (horizontal evo…
Staphylococcus aureus
Methicillin resistant stapylococcus au…
mutation & selection (vertical evolution)... Acquired genetic in…
Transformation (from environment)... Conjugation (between bacter…
gram (+)... normal flora of skin... bacteremia, skin & soft tissue…
MecA gene codes for structural changes to PBP2a which decreas…
Antibiotic Resistance
mutation & selection (vertical evolution)... Acquired genetic in…
Acquired genetic info. (horizontal evo…
Transformation (from environment)... Conjugation (between bacter…
100 terms
Pharmacotherapy III Exam IV
SSI
Clean contaminated
Dirty
Cefazolin, Cefuroxime
Surgical Site infection
genital, urinary, respiratory under controlled conditions w/o…
old traumatic wounds, already present clinical infection, per…
gram (+) S. aureus, S. epidermis
SSI
Surgical Site infection
Clean contaminated
genital, urinary, respiratory under controlled conditions w/o…
109 terms
Pharmacotherapy Exam 3 skin
What types of acne are inflammatory
What are nodulocystic acne
What do we use to treat P. Acnes proli…
What do we use to fight the inflammato…
Papules and Pastule
Nodules and cysts
Benzoyl peroxide, topical/oral antibiotics. Isotrentinoin
Intralesional corticosteroids, oral corticosteroids, topical…
What types of acne are inflammatory
Papules and Pastule
What are nodulocystic acne
Nodules and cysts
90 terms
Antibiotics
Beta-lactams
Beta-lactams Mechanisms of Action
Things to know on Beta-lactams
Penicillin has good coverage for?
Penicillins... carbapenems... cephalosporins
Inhibit transpeptidases (PBP) on the cell wall... disrupts linki…
Bactericidal... Time dependent- higher dose doesn't help... Elimina…
Streptococci - pyogens and viridans... enterococcus faecalis... clo…
Beta-lactams
Penicillins... carbapenems... cephalosporins
Beta-lactams Mechanisms of Action
Inhibit transpeptidases (PBP) on the cell wall... disrupts linki…
62 terms
An Introduction to Infectious Diseases Pharmacotherapy
Introduction... Basic Microbiology Review
Normal flora ... Sterile sites: ... CNS,... lo…
Introduction... Basic Microbiology Review
Basic Microbiology Review... Virulence fa…
• Normal human flora... =Microorganisms present ... on the human sk…
Upper Airways:... S. pneumoniae... S. pyogenes,... H. influenzae,... M. c…
• Microorganism characteristics:... - The ability to ... gain entr…
-The Streptococcus pneumonia capsule... • The polysaccharidee*…
Introduction... Basic Microbiology Review
• Normal human flora... =Microorganisms present ... on the human sk…
Normal flora ... Sterile sites: ... CNS,... lo…
Upper Airways:... S. pneumoniae... S. pyogenes,... H. influenzae,... M. c…
77 terms
Pharmacotherapy of Common Ear Infections and Conditions
Otitis Externa Microbiology
Otitis Externa Treatment
OE TX - Instilling ear drops -
OE TX - Duration of treatment should l…
Most commonly, OE is a bacterial process, with Pseudomonas ae…
Antibiotic drops are treatment of choice. Choice of antibioti…
warm the bottle between the hands initially to decrease risk…
about 3 days longer than symptom resolution (typically 5-7 da…
Otitis Externa Microbiology
Most commonly, OE is a bacterial process, with Pseudomonas ae…
Otitis Externa Treatment
Antibiotic drops are treatment of choice. Choice of antibioti…
92 terms
GI pharmacotherapy
GERD can be due to
when should you treat GERD
what are two drug classes that do not…
for cases that are refractory to initi…
1.reduced lower esophageal sphincter tone... 2.reduced peristals…
-persistent heartburn more than x2 weeks... -not relieved by ant…
opiates... NSAIDS
barium swallow ... upper endoscopy... CBC
GERD can be due to
1.reduced lower esophageal sphincter tone... 2.reduced peristals…
when should you treat GERD
-persistent heartburn more than x2 weeks... -not relieved by ant…
68 terms
Pediatric - Ward pharmacotherapy 2
What is the definition of recurrent in…
risk factors for AOM?
pathophysiology of the disease is due…
complications of otitis media:... loss of…
> or = 3 episodes in 6 months OR > or = 4 episodes in 12 months
daycare, siblings, familial disposition, feeding with infant…
eustachian tube
loss of hearing... mastoiditis = infection of bones in middle e…
What is the definition of recurrent in…
> or = 3 episodes in 6 months OR > or = 4 episodes in 12 months
risk factors for AOM?
daycare, siblings, familial disposition, feeding with infant…
128 terms
Principles of Infectious Disease Pharmacotherapy Lecture
The Law of Unintended Consequences
The Law of Unintended Consequences in…
Selection with Antimicrobial Use
Persons at highest risk for infections…
"Every undertaking, no matter how well intentioned, is genera…
"Collateral damage" with the use of ANY antimicrobial is unav…
- The use of any antimicrobial brings with it some chance of…
Individuals with significant antibiotic exposure in the recen…
The Law of Unintended Consequences
"Every undertaking, no matter how well intentioned, is genera…
The Law of Unintended Consequences in…
"Collateral damage" with the use of ANY antimicrobial is unav…
9 terms
Summary of Common Antibiotics
Penicillin
Ampicillin
Bacitracin
Cephalosporin
Mechanism of action: inhibits cell-wall synthesis... Target bact…
Mechanism of action: inhibits cell-wall synthesis... Target bact…
Mechanism of action: inhibits cell-wall synthesis... Target bact…
Mechanism of action: inhibits cell-wall synthesis... Target bact…
Penicillin
Mechanism of action: inhibits cell-wall synthesis... Target bact…
Ampicillin
Mechanism of action: inhibits cell-wall synthesis... Target bact…
2 Antibiotics 101
Principles of Antibiotic therapy
Effective Antibiotic Therapy
Bactericidal vs. Bacteriostatic
Dosing (2)
Healthy patient-->Infection-->Immune Response-->antibiotics--…
Dosing... Duration... Infection
For an antibiotic to be considered bactericidal it must show…
pharmacokinetics (what body does to drug) ... pharmacodynamics (…
Principles of Antibiotic therapy
Healthy patient-->Infection-->Immune Response-->antibiotics--…
Effective Antibiotic Therapy
Dosing... Duration... Infection
24 terms
Pharmacotherapy Exam 3 ears
Why is the EAC more delicate in a child
What are the protective barriers of th…
Why is complicated otitis medea
What is swimmer's ear
It's shorter by 1 inch
Hairs lining the outer half, Acidic pH, cerumen coating, Natu…
When it travels to the EAC
Acute Otitis External, usually bacterial, occasionally fungal
Why is the EAC more delicate in a child
It's shorter by 1 inch
What are the protective barriers of th…
Hairs lining the outer half, Acidic pH, cerumen coating, Natu…
43 terms
Pharmacotherapy of Pneumonia
Identify pathogens commonly associated…
Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (HAP)
Identify pathogens commonly associated…
Identify risk factors for drug resista…
S. pneumoniae—most common... Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Chlamydia p…
Hospital-acquired (or nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP) is pneumoni…
Streptococcus pneumoniae... Haemophilus influenzae... Methicillin-s…
Age >65 years... Beta-lactam, macrolide, or fluoroquinolone ther…
Identify pathogens commonly associated…
S. pneumoniae—most common... Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Chlamydia p…
Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia (HAP)
Hospital-acquired (or nosocomial) pneumonia (HAP) is pneumoni…
26 terms
COPD Pharmacotherapy
what is the function of a-1 antitrypsin?
what are the two most important treatm…
what is the MOA for B2 agonists?
what are the short acting B2 agonists?
to prevent elastase from breaking down lung tissue
keeping up with vaccinations and smoking cessation
it increases cAMP which inhibits myosin contraction leading t…
albuterol and levalbuterol
what is the function of a-1 antitrypsin?
to prevent elastase from breaking down lung tissue
what are the two most important treatm…
keeping up with vaccinations and smoking cessation
61 terms
Brand and Generic Antibiotics
amoxicillin
piperacillin
ampicillin/sulbactam
amoxicillin/clavulanate
Amoxil
Pipracil
Unasyn
Augmentin
amoxicillin
Amoxil
piperacillin
Pipracil
77 terms
Pharmacotherapy of Common Ear Infections and Conditions
Otitis Externa Microbiology
Otitis Externa Treatment
OE TX - Instilling ear drops -
OE TX - Duration of treatment should l…
Most commonly, OE is a bacterial process, with Pseudomonas ae…
Antibiotic drops are treatment of choice. Choice of antibioti…
warm the bottle between the hands initially to decrease risk…
about 3 days longer than symptom resolution (typically 5-7 da…
Otitis Externa Microbiology
Most commonly, OE is a bacterial process, with Pseudomonas ae…
Otitis Externa Treatment
Antibiotic drops are treatment of choice. Choice of antibioti…
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