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Study sets matching "pharmocology i"

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Study sets matching "pharmocology i"

70 terms
Pharmacology 1
Indirect Agonist Cholinergic
Nicotinic Receptor
Thymic Hyperplasia... Thymic Atrophy... Thym…
Contract Bladder Wall
Edrophonium: Diagnose MG... Neostigmine: urinary retention MG tr…
Na+/K+ Ligand Receptor
Myasthenia Gravis... Treat: Indirect Immunotherapy ... Thymectoma
Choline Effects
Indirect Agonist Cholinergic
Edrophonium: Diagnose MG... Neostigmine: urinary retention MG tr…
Nicotinic Receptor
Na+/K+ Ligand Receptor
422 terms
Pharmacology 1
biochemical, physiological effects/mec…
absorption, distribution, metabolism,…
FDA
scheduled drugs only
Pharmacodynamics (definition)
Pharmacokinetics (definition)
what US entity regulates drugs?
when should the DEA number be included in a prescription?
biochemical, physiological effects/mec…
Pharmacodynamics (definition)
absorption, distribution, metabolism,…
Pharmacokinetics (definition)
13 terms
Pharmacology #1
Pharmacology
Healers
Penicillin
Alternative Medicine
Study of Medicine
Wise men, Shamans, witch doctors , medicine men and women in…
early antibiotic that healed infections during WWii.
homeopathic sources such as aromatherapy, massage, and acupun…
Pharmacology
Study of Medicine
Healers
Wise men, Shamans, witch doctors , medicine men and women in…
9 terms
Pharmacology 1
Voltage Gated Na Channel... 6 transmembra…
Inward Rectifying K+ channel... 4 small s…
Voltage Gated K+ Channel... 4 subunits ea…
Voltage gated Ca2+ Channel... 6 mambrane…
Identify the channel type
Identify the channel
Identify the channel
Identify the Channel
Voltage Gated Na Channel... 6 transmembra…
Identify the channel type
Inward Rectifying K+ channel... 4 small s…
Identify the channel
62 terms
1 Pharmacology
pharmacology
Drug broad
Drug (specific) (3)
pharmakon
medical branch studies 1 interaction of drugs in living anima…
any chemical agent that affects living processes
1) a chem. substance that affects the processes of the mind o…
pharmacology greek word magic charm for treating disease... late…
pharmacology
medical branch studies 1 interaction of drugs in living anima…
Drug broad
any chemical agent that affects living processes
141 terms
PHARMACOLOGY 1 TEST 1
pharmacology
pharmacokinetics
pharmacoeconomics
toxicology
the study of the effect of chemicals on living tissue.
the study of the absorption, distribution, metabolism and exc…
the study of the economic impact of drugs
the study of the harmful effects of chemicals.
pharmacology
the study of the effect of chemicals on living tissue.
pharmacokinetics
the study of the absorption, distribution, metabolism and exc…
100 terms
Pharmacology 1
Permeation
Ionized
Which drug acidify the urine?
Non-ionized
movement of drug through barriers (intestinal wall, capillary…
Charged= Water soluble = Better exreted
Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl), Vit C.
Uncharged = Non-water soluble = better penetrate the cell mem…
Permeation
movement of drug through barriers (intestinal wall, capillary…
Ionized
Charged= Water soluble = Better exreted
131 terms
PHARMACOLOGY 1 - Test 3
acyclovir (Zovirax)
Prevent viral DNA replication and vira…
Prevent or delay spread of viral infec…
nephrotoxicity
Prototype drug for antivirals used to treat herpes simplex an…
Mechanism of action for acyclovir
Indication for acyclovir (Zovirax)
If Zovirax (acyclovir) is given IV, what is a potential side…
acyclovir (Zovirax)
Prototype drug for antivirals used to treat herpes simplex an…
Prevent viral DNA replication and vira…
Mechanism of action for acyclovir
Pharmacology #1
Brain and nervous system
Analgesics- relieve pain... Non-narcotics…
Anti-anxiety ... Benzodiazepines- depress…
Beta blockers- block the action of nor…
Cerebro y sistema nervioso
Analgésicos- alivian el dolor... No narcóticos- actuan en el sit…
Anti-ansiedad... Benzodiazepinas- depresor de la actividad del c…
Beta blockers- bloquea la acción de norepinefrina-químico tra…
Brain and nervous system
Cerebro y sistema nervioso
Analgesics- relieve pain... Non-narcotics…
Analgésicos- alivian el dolor... No narcóticos- actuan en el sit…
59 terms
Pharmacology - Principles of Pharmacology (1)
pharmacology
medical pharmacology
toxicology
pharmacoepidemiology
__________________________ is the study of *how drugs exert t…
_________________________ is the science of substances used…
______________________ is a branch of pharmacology that *deal…
______________________ is the study of the effects of drugs o…
pharmacology
__________________________ is the study of *how drugs exert t…
medical pharmacology
_________________________ is the science of substances used…
84 terms
Pharmacology 1-Basic Pharmacology
Definition of pharmacology
Definition of medical pharmacology
Definition of toxicology
Definition of drug
science dealing with the interactions between living systems…
science of medical materials--those used to prevent/diagnose/…
branch of pharmacology that deals with the undesirable effect…
Any small molecule that, when introduced into the body, alter…
Definition of pharmacology
science dealing with the interactions between living systems…
Definition of medical pharmacology
science of medical materials--those used to prevent/diagnose/…
10 terms
*Pharmacology 1 - Orientation to Pharmacology*
(1) Drug
(1) Pharmacology
(1) Clinical Pharmacology
(1) Therapeutics
Any chemical that can affect living processes.
The study of drugs and their interactions with living systems…
The study of drugs in humans.
The use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or to treat disease, O…
(1) Drug
Any chemical that can affect living processes.
(1) Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their interactions with living systems…
20 terms
Pharmacology 1
What is pharmacology?
What is pharmacokinetics?
What is pharmacodynamics?
What is a xenobiotic?
The science of drugs including their chemical properties & th…
The study of how the body absorbs, distributes, metabolises t…
The study of how drugs have their effect on cells, tissues &…
Any foreign chemical substance such as a drug or toxin.
What is pharmacology?
The science of drugs including their chemical properties & th…
What is pharmacokinetics?
The study of how the body absorbs, distributes, metabolises t…
87 terms
Pharmacology 1
Pure Food and Drug Act
Food Drug and Cosmetic Act
OBRA/HCFA Guidelines
Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act
FDA can enforce the standards to drug STRENGTH and PURITY. pr…
Enforced through the FDA through REGISTRATIONS of all parties…
...
Promotes drug studies in children. See how existing drugs wor…
Pure Food and Drug Act
FDA can enforce the standards to drug STRENGTH and PURITY. pr…
Food Drug and Cosmetic Act
Enforced through the FDA through REGISTRATIONS of all parties…
57 terms
Pharmacology 1
Ginkgo Biloba (herbal med)
St. John's Wort (herbal med)
Saw Palmetto (herbal med)
Echinacea (herbal med)
treats poor memory and mild dementia
treats depression
treats enlarged prostate
treats the common cold
Ginkgo Biloba (herbal med)
treats poor memory and mild dementia
St. John's Wort (herbal med)
treats depression
52 terms
Pharmacology 1
2.5 cm = ? in.
454 g = ? lb
1 kg = ? lb
1lb = ? fl. oz
1 in.
1 lb
2.2 lb
16 fl. Oz. F
2.5 cm = ? in.
1 in.
454 g = ? lb
1 lb
209 terms
Antibiotic Pharmacology #1, Pharmacology
List all beta-lactam antibiotics.
What features are shared by the beta-l…
What pharmacologic characteristics are…
List all categories of penicillins.
-penicillins ... -cephalosporins... -carbapenems... -aztreonam/monobac…
-chemical structure... -mechanism of action... -pharmacologic chara…
-most are excreted in the urine
-natural penicillins... -extended-spectrum penicillins... -anti-sta…
List all beta-lactam antibiotics.
-penicillins ... -cephalosporins... -carbapenems... -aztreonam/monobac…
What features are shared by the beta-l…
-chemical structure... -mechanism of action... -pharmacologic chara…
42 terms
Exam 1: Pharmacology
pharmaceutic
pharmacokinetics
3 Major Processes for Drug Absorption…
The second phase, the pharmokinetic ph…
disintegration and dissolution (oral meds only)
absorption- process of drug absorption
Passive Absorption, Active Absorption, and Pinocytosis.
absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion or elimina…
pharmaceutic
disintegration and dissolution (oral meds only)
pharmacokinetics
absorption- process of drug absorption
35 terms
Pharmacology-1
shifting DRC to the right
shifting DRC to the left
first pass metabolism
rate limiting step in absorption
increase ED50, less receptors, more drugs necessary, less pot…
decrease ED50, more receptors, less drugs necessary, more pot…
when the drug is metabolized in the liver before it reaches t…
getting across the epithelial barrier
shifting DRC to the right
increase ED50, less receptors, more drugs necessary, less pot…
shifting DRC to the left
decrease ED50, more receptors, less drugs necessary, more pot…
81 terms
Pharmacology Exam #1
Drug
ADME
Pharmacodynamics
FARAD
Any chemical agent that affects living processes
Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
The study of the mechanism of action of a drug and its biolog…
The Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank
Drug
Any chemical agent that affects living processes
ADME
Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
169 terms
Pharmacology 1 - Lecture Exam 1
1 kilogram
1 gram
1 milligram
1 kilogram
1000 grams
1000 milligrams
1000 micrograms
2.2 pounds
1 kilogram
1000 grams
1 gram
1000 milligrams
422 terms
Pharmacology 1
biochemical, physiological effects/mec…
absorption, distribution, metabolism,…
FDA
scheduled drugs only
Pharmacodynamics (definition)
Pharmacokinetics (definition)
what US entity regulates drugs?
when should the DEA number be included in a prescription?
biochemical, physiological effects/mec…
Pharmacodynamics (definition)
absorption, distribution, metabolism,…
Pharmacokinetics (definition)
34 terms
pharmacology 1
pharmokinetics
site of action
onset of action
drug 1/2 life
impact of the body on a drug
site where drug has a chemical interaction to produce biologi…
length of time drug produces effect on body
time for the drug concentration to decrease to half of the or…
pharmokinetics
impact of the body on a drug
site of action
site where drug has a chemical interaction to produce biologi…
210 terms
Pharmacology Block 1
component of a cell or organism that i…
quantitative relationship
dose or concentration
pharmacological effect
receptor
Receptors largely determine the (?) between dose or concentra…
Receptors largely determine the quantitative relationship bet…
Receptors largely determine the quantitative relationship bet…
component of a cell or organism that i…
receptor
quantitative relationship
Receptors largely determine the (?) between dose or concentra…
130 terms
Pharmacology 1-6
name 4 small molecule neurotransmitters
neurotransmitters most commonly involv…
primary neurotransmitters in the auton…
name 4 places where transmission is me…
dopamine... norepinephrine... serotonin... histamine
norepinephrine... acetylcholine... dopamine... serotonin... histamine... GABA
acetylcholine... norepinephrine
1. adrenal medulla... 2. nerve impulses across autonomic ganglia…
name 4 small molecule neurotransmitters
dopamine... norepinephrine... serotonin... histamine
neurotransmitters most commonly involv…
norepinephrine... acetylcholine... dopamine... serotonin... histamine... GABA
Pharmacology 1
generic name
trade name (brand name)
phases of pharmocokinetics
absorption of lipid soluble drugs
has only 1; assigned by drug council; can help ID class of drug
assigned by company marketing drug; can have many names
absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
more readily absorbed than water soluble drugs
generic name
has only 1; assigned by drug council; can help ID class of drug
trade name (brand name)
assigned by company marketing drug; can have many names
38 terms
Pharmacology Chapter 1
How many drug phases are there?
Requires a carrier such as a protein o…
These are a range or untoward effects…
drugs that produce a response
3 Pharmaceutic phase, Pharmacokinetic phase, pharmacodynamic…
active absorption
adverse reaction
agonists
How many drug phases are there?
3 Pharmaceutic phase, Pharmacokinetic phase, pharmacodynamic…
Requires a carrier such as a protein o…
active absorption
44 terms
Ch. 1 Introduction to Pharmacology
adverse effect
agonist
antagonist
chemical name
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
drug that binds to a receptor and interferes with other drugs…
name that defines the chemical composition of a drug
adverse effect
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
agonist
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
42 terms
Pharmacology-Chapter 1
adverse effect
agonist
antagonist
chemical name
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
drug that binds to a receptor and interferes with other drugs…
name that defines the chemical composition of a drug.
adverse effect
general term for undesirable and potentially harmful drug eff…
agonist
drug that binds to a receptor and activates a physiologic res…
122 terms
Pharmacology #1 - Fundamentals of Clinical Pharmacology
Define pharmacokinetics.
What are the 4 main concepts of pharma…
Define bioavailability.
Define parenteral administration.
What the BODY does to the DRUG
1) Absorption... 2) Distribution / Redistribution... 3) Transfer /…
Relative amount of drug that reaches systemic circulation
Route of administration that does not involve the GI tract. E…
Define pharmacokinetics.
What the BODY does to the DRUG
What are the 4 main concepts of pharma…
1) Absorption... 2) Distribution / Redistribution... 3) Transfer /…
35 terms
Pharmacology 1
Pharmacokinetics
Receptor Interactions
Pharmacodynamics
Absorption
How drugs Absorbs, Distrubtion and excretion
Sites of various tissues to which some drugs bind to exert th…
Explains how drug works and interacts with various receptors,…
-Movement of medications from point of administration into th…
Pharmacokinetics
How drugs Absorbs, Distrubtion and excretion
Receptor Interactions
Sites of various tissues to which some drugs bind to exert th…
25 terms
Pharmacology 1
Three phases of drug interaction include
Pharmacokinetics include the following…
Adverse drug reactions are undesired r…
One ounce is the equivalent of
Pharmaceutic... Pharmacokinetic... Pharmacodynamic
Absorption... Distribution... Biotransformation... Excretion
True
30 mL
Three phases of drug interaction include
Pharmaceutic... Pharmacokinetic... Pharmacodynamic
Pharmacokinetics include the following…
Absorption... Distribution... Biotransformation... Excretion
106 terms
Pharmacology Chapters 1-13
Drug
Pharmacology
Pharmacotherapy/Pharmacotherapeutics
Indications and Contraindications
Any substance that is taken to cure, or reduce symptoms of a…
The study of medicine.
Application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention an…
The conditions for which a drug is approved are its indicatio…
Drug
Any substance that is taken to cure, or reduce symptoms of a…
Pharmacology
The study of medicine.
32 terms
Pharmacology 1: Chapter 1
Pharmacology
Drug
Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
The study of drugs
A substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigati…
The study of how drugs affect living organisms
The study of how the body absorbs, distributes, metabolizes,…
Pharmacology
The study of drugs
Drug
A substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigati…
137 terms
Pharmacology 1
Pharmacology
Drug
Medication
Chemical name
The science of drug effects on the body
A chemical that interacts with a living organism and alters i…
Word used interchangeably with drug
The exact description of the drug's chemical composition and…
Pharmacology
The science of drug effects on the body
Drug
A chemical that interacts with a living organism and alters i…
56 terms
Pharmacology 1
Ginkgo Biloba (herbal med)
St. John's Wort (herbal med)
Saw Palmetto (herbal med)
Echinacea (herbal med)
treats poor memory and mild dementia
treats depression
treats enlarged prostate
treats the common cold
Ginkgo Biloba (herbal med)
treats poor memory and mild dementia
St. John's Wort (herbal med)
treats depression
102 terms
Pharmacology 1
Over the counter drugs
Advantages of OTD
Disasvantages of OTD
Prescription drugs
Medications that does not need the order of the doctors to ge…
-No health care provider appointment required... -less expensive
-May choose wrong drug... -may not know reactions or interaction…
Drugs require the recipient ontain a written order frim a per…
Over the counter drugs
Medications that does not need the order of the doctors to ge…
Advantages of OTD
-No health care provider appointment required... -less expensive
34 terms
Pharmacology 1
Pharmacology
Pharmocodynamics
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacotherapeutics
the study of drugs
the study of the action of drugs on living tissue
The study of the processes of drug absorption, distribution,…
the study of the use of drugs in treating disease
Pharmacology
the study of drugs
Pharmocodynamics
the study of the action of drugs on living tissue
61 terms
Pharmacology 1
Ginkgo Biloba (herbal med)
St. John's Wort (herbal med)
Saw Palmetto (herbal med)
Echinacea (herbal med)
treats poor memory and mild dementia
treats depression
treats enlarged prostate
treats the common cold
Ginkgo Biloba (herbal med)
treats poor memory and mild dementia
St. John's Wort (herbal med)
treats depression
25 terms
Pharmacology Quiz #1
Absorption
Things that can affect absorption
Distribution
Things that affect distribution
The movement of a drug into the bloodstream.
1. Dosage form or route of administration... 2. Administration s…
involves the transport of drug molecules within the body. Aft…
1. Adequacy of blood circulation... 2. Protein binding... 3. Blood-…
Absorption
The movement of a drug into the bloodstream.
Things that can affect absorption
1. Dosage form or route of administration... 2. Administration s…
10 terms
General Pharmacology 1
pharmacology
indications
therapeutic classification
pharmacologic classification
study of medicines
conditions for which a drug is approved for
describes what is being treated by the drug
describes how the drug acts
pharmacology
study of medicines
indications
conditions for which a drug is approved for
209 terms
Antibiotic Pharmacology #1, Pharmacology
List all beta-lactam antibiotics.
What features are shared by the beta-l…
What pharmacologic characteristics are…
List all categories of penicillins.
-penicillins ... -cephalosporins... -carbapenems... -aztreonam/monobac…
-chemical structure... -mechanism of action... -pharmacologic chara…
-most are excreted in the urine
-natural penicillins... -extended-spectrum penicillins... -anti-sta…
List all beta-lactam antibiotics.
-penicillins ... -cephalosporins... -carbapenems... -aztreonam/monobac…
What features are shared by the beta-l…
-chemical structure... -mechanism of action... -pharmacologic chara…
68 terms
Pharmacology 1
Summary sheet
History and physical examination
Problem list
Physicians orders
Basic information about the patient
A total history and examination are complete by the physician
Problem list contains all the symptoms,signs,problems and dia…
All procedures and treatments ate ordered on the physicians o…
Summary sheet
Basic information about the patient
History and physical examination
A total history and examination are complete by the physician
63 terms
pharmacology 1
ideal drug
A. safety
ed 50
ld 50
an ideal drug is safe, with no harmful effects, even at high…
). Baseline assessments, check related labs, identify any rea…
effective dose. average dose 50 %
lethal dose/ harm/kill subjects
ideal drug
an ideal drug is safe, with no harmful effects, even at high…
A. safety
). Baseline assessments, check related labs, identify any rea…
201 terms
Pharmacology 1
drug
pharmacology
pharmacotherapy
indications
any substance that is taken to prevent, cure, or reduce sympt…
study of drugs or medicine
application of drugs for the purpose of disease prevention an…
what the drug is approved for
drug
any substance that is taken to prevent, cure, or reduce sympt…
pharmacology
study of drugs or medicine
252 terms
Pharmacology 1
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Isoproterenol
Dopamine
-Activates α1, α2, β1 & β2... Inactive orally ... -↑ Cardiac contra…
-Activates α1, α2, β1 & β3... -Vasoconstriction... -↑ CO... -↓ HR... Side…
-Non-selective β-agonist... -Positive ionotropic & chronotropic…
-D1, D2, α1, β1 & β2 receptors... -+ ionotropic & chronotropic e…
Epinephrine
-Activates α1, α2, β1 & β2... Inactive orally ... -↑ Cardiac contra…
Norepinephrine
-Activates α1, α2, β1 & β3... -Vasoconstriction... -↑ CO... -↓ HR... Side…
61 terms
Pharmacology 1
Non official resources
Pharmacology
Official Resources
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1903
pharmacist, drug insert, printout, Davis Drug Guide
the study of the effects of chemical substances on living tis…
The U.S Pharmacopeia National Formulary
americas first law to regulate drugs; did not address safety…
Non official resources
pharmacist, drug insert, printout, Davis Drug Guide
Pharmacology
the study of the effects of chemical substances on living tis…
15 terms
Pharmacology math for pharmacology #1
Absorption
Administer
Adverse effects
Analgesic
Process by which one substance is taken in and incorpated int…
To give a drug by a route such as by mouth, by injection, thr…
Negative effects that outweigh the benefits of taking a medic…
Drug or medicine given to relieve pain without causing loss o…
Absorption
Process by which one substance is taken in and incorpated int…
Administer
To give a drug by a route such as by mouth, by injection, thr…
10 terms
Pharmacology 1
Bethanechol (urecholine)
Pyridostigmine (mestinon, regonol)
Atropine (atropen)
Succinylcholine (anectine, quelicin)
cholinergic agonist... treats urinary retention... direct acting... se…
for Myasthenia gravis ... cholinergic agonist... indirect acting b/…
cholinergic antagonist... treats bradycardia; antidote for choli…
Skeletal muscle relaxer... Neuromuscular blocker... Provide airway…
Bethanechol (urecholine)
cholinergic agonist... treats urinary retention... direct acting... se…
Pyridostigmine (mestinon, regonol)
for Myasthenia gravis ... cholinergic agonist... indirect acting b/…
18 terms
Pharmacology: CPA 1
Prescription Drugs
OTC Drugs (Over-The-Counter)
Biologics
Complementary and Alternative Medicine…
To obtain prescription drugs, the person must receive a writt…
Do not require a healthcare providers order.... >>>Advantages:…
Agents naturally produced in animal cells by microorganisms o…
Natural plant extracts, herbs, vitamins, minerals, dietary su…
Prescription Drugs
To obtain prescription drugs, the person must receive a writt…
OTC Drugs (Over-The-Counter)
Do not require a healthcare providers order.... >>>Advantages:…
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