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Study sets matching "phil 201"

Philosophy 201
Laws of Logic:
Laws of NonContradiction:
The Law of Excluded Middle:
Law of Identity:
Basic foundations of Logic, first principles. The foundation…
Something cannot both be and not be at the same time and in t…
Something either is or is not.
something is what it is. P=p
Laws of Logic:
Basic foundations of Logic, first principles. The foundation…
Laws of NonContradiction:
Something cannot both be and not be at the same time and in t…
50 terms
Philosophy 201
Aesthetics
Analytic Philosophy
Epistemology
Ethics
Branch of philosophy concerned with the principles of art and…
A view of philosophy that sees its aim as clarification-the c…
The branch of philosophy concerned with what sort of thing, i…
A branch of philosophy that is concerned with questions about…
Aesthetics
Branch of philosophy concerned with the principles of art and…
Analytic Philosophy
A view of philosophy that sees its aim as clarification-the c…
49 terms
Philosophy 201
Axiology
Epistemology
Meta-Physics
Evidence
study of value
study of knowledge
literally "after-physics". study of the nature of reality
a reason offered in support of a claim
Axiology
study of value
Epistemology
study of knowledge
46 terms
Philosophy 201
Who were the earliest recorded philoso…
Who were the Pre-Socratics?
What did the Pre-Socratics observe?
Aristotle referred to the Pre-Socratic…
Pre-Socratics
Ancient Greek thinkers (thinkers before Socrates) during the…
Observed nature as nature by disregarding gods and deities. C…
Physiologists
Who were the earliest recorded philoso…
Pre-Socratics
Who were the Pre-Socratics?
Ancient Greek thinkers (thinkers before Socrates) during the…
34 terms
philosophy 201
laws of logic
law of non-contradiction
law of excluded middle
categorical propositon
Non-contradiction, identity, excluded middle. These are the...
no two opposite actions can be performed at the same time and…
Every proposition is either true or false. For every proposit…
...
laws of logic
Non-contradiction, identity, excluded middle. These are the...
law of non-contradiction
no two opposite actions can be performed at the same time and…
16 terms
Philosophy 201
1. When was the firmament of heaven cr…
2. How did Adam become like the gods?
3. What first came to be? (Hesiod)
4. What are the five generations of me…
The second day
The food is eyes were open, and he knew good from evil.
First chaos was born. Chaos means yawning or gap.
The golden age, silver age, the Bronze Age the heroic age and…
1. When was the firmament of heaven cr…
The second day
2. How did Adam become like the gods?
The food is eyes were open, and he knew good from evil.
50 terms
Philosophy 201
Truth-functionally true
Truth-functionally false
Truth-functionally indeterminate
Consistent
true under every truth value assignment
false in every row
neither truth-functionally true nor truth-functionally false
iff every member of the set is true under at least one truth…
Truth-functionally true
true under every truth value assignment
Truth-functionally false
false in every row
92 terms
Philosophy 201
List 4 reasons students often presuppo…
Know Socrates' quote: What is the unex…
Know the etymology of the word "philos…
Know the working definition of "philos…
1. The image that one has to be super intelligent to do philo…
The unexamined life is when people go through the motions of…
Combination of 2 greek terms : phileo: love, sophos: wisdom
Philosophy is the critical examination of our foundational be…
List 4 reasons students often presuppo…
1. The image that one has to be super intelligent to do philo…
Know Socrates' quote: What is the unex…
The unexamined life is when people go through the motions of…
36 terms
Philosophy 201
What is Ancient Philosophy About?
Philosophy
Metaphysics
Ontology
Nature, Understanding Nature's Role, Are We Counted as Nature…
the study of the most general and abstract features of the wo…
originally a title for those books from Aristotle. Any enquir…
17th century coinage for the branch of metaphysics that conce…
What is Ancient Philosophy About?
Nature, Understanding Nature's Role, Are We Counted as Nature…
Philosophy
the study of the most general and abstract features of the wo…
22 terms
Philosophy 201
Thales
Anaximander
Anaximenes
Parmenides
monist... believed that everything is made of water... predicted th…
"indefinite being"
everything comes from air... air-water-earth-fire
believed in actuality- being... "whatever is, is"
Thales
monist... believed that everything is made of water... predicted th…
Anaximander
"indefinite being"
68 terms
Philosophy 201
Laws of Logic:
Laws of NonContradiction:
The Law of Excluded Middle:
Law of Identity:
Basic foundations of Logic, first principles. The foundation…
Something cannot both be and not be at the same time and in t…
Something either is or is not.
something is what it is. P=p
Laws of Logic:
Basic foundations of Logic, first principles. The foundation…
Laws of NonContradiction:
Something cannot both be and not be at the same time and in t…
38 terms
Philosophy 201
argument
conclusion
premise
deductive argument
offering reasons to believe something.
the proposition the philosopher wants you to believe.
a reason offered to convince you to believe in the conclusion.
typically philosophers aim to give these kind of arguments. I…
argument
offering reasons to believe something.
conclusion
the proposition the philosopher wants you to believe.
16 terms
Philosophy 201
Materialism
Atomism
bodies
void
The view that everything in the world is reduced to matter... "n…
The universe consists of bodies and void... Epicurus
compounds of atoms (soul is made up of finer atoms)
empty space which atoms move through
Materialism
The view that everything in the world is reduced to matter... "n…
Atomism
The universe consists of bodies and void... Epicurus
38 terms
Philosophy 201
Axiology
Epistemology
Metaphysics
Evidence
the study of value
the study of knowledge
the study of the nature or reality
a reason offered in support of a claim (good or bad)
Axiology
the study of value
Epistemology
the study of knowledge
36 terms
Philosophy 201
What is Ancient Philosophy About?
Philosophy
Metaphysics
Ontology
Nature, Understanding Nature's Role, Are We Counted as Nature…
the study of the most general and abstract features of the wo…
originally a title for those books from Aristotle. Any enquir…
17th century coinage for the branch of metaphysics that conce…
What is Ancient Philosophy About?
Nature, Understanding Nature's Role, Are We Counted as Nature…
Philosophy
the study of the most general and abstract features of the wo…
42 terms
Philosophy 201
Cosmological Argument
Cause
Cosmological Argument: basic idea
Argument, reconnected
makes use of the idea of a cause
cause is an event that makes another event "effect" happen
observe that there are effects ... effects have causes, which in…
connie and sider reconstructed the argument in two phases
Cosmological Argument
makes use of the idea of a cause
Cause
cause is an event that makes another event "effect" happen
58 terms
philosophy 201
Zeus's history
Main periods of the history of philoso…
ancient greek philosophy
greek mythology
king of the olympian gods and son of Rhea and Cronos. Cronos…
1. ancient philosophy (585 BC-529 AD)... 2. medieval (500-1500)…
1. early period (presocratics)... 2. middle period (socrates, pl…
role of narratives in ancient cultures... tradition... muses and th…
Zeus's history
king of the olympian gods and son of Rhea and Cronos. Cronos…
Main periods of the history of philoso…
1. ancient philosophy (585 BC-529 AD)... 2. medieval (500-1500)…
Philosophy 201
Realist
Nominalism
Type-Type Identity Physicalists
Realist on properties
Reality exists independent of the human mind. Focuses on phys…
The view that essences are merely names by which we group thi…
Mental events can be grouped into types and then be correlate…
Universals exist. An universal is a property of an object and…
Realist
Reality exists independent of the human mind. Focuses on phys…
Nominalism
The view that essences are merely names by which we group thi…
46 terms
Philosophy 201
Naturalism
Existenalism
Humanism
Theism
belief that the only reality is the physical unaversive of sc…
-the belief that one can do whatever they want and that there…
the belief of universe as a machine. There is priority of the…
A God focused worldview. Established by Plato and Aristotle.…
Naturalism
belief that the only reality is the physical unaversive of sc…
Existenalism
-the belief that one can do whatever they want and that there…
9 terms
Philosophy 201
argument
premise
valid
reductio argument
set of statements that are designed to show that the conclusi…
a statement that is used to try to support and justify the tr…
assumption that the premises are true
one that tries to show a view is false
argument
set of statements that are designed to show that the conclusi…
premise
a statement that is used to try to support and justify the tr…
19 terms
Philosophy 201
What is a VALID argument?
what is an INVALID argument?
soundness
Inference to the best explanation
-False premises & false conclusion... -False premises & true con…
-True premises and false conclusion
1.be valid... 2.have all true premises
-inductive argument... -to argue that one theory is better than…
What is a VALID argument?
-False premises & false conclusion... -False premises & true con…
what is an INVALID argument?
-True premises and false conclusion
71 terms
Philosophy 201 Test 1
Philo:
Sophos:
Normative:
Critical:
Love- affection of something
Wisdom
A normative claim makes a claim about some action persons oug…
being analitical
Philo:
Love- affection of something
Sophos:
Wisdom
26 terms
Philosophy 201 Lesson 1
List 4 reasons students often presuppo…
Know Socrates' quote: What is the unex…
Know the etymology of the word "philos…
Know the working definition of "philos…
1. The image that one has to be superintelligent to do philos…
The quote: "The unexamined life is not worth living." Socrate…
The combination of two Greek terms: phileo and sopos. Phileo…
Philosophy is the critical examination of our foundational be…
List 4 reasons students often presuppo…
1. The image that one has to be superintelligent to do philos…
Know Socrates' quote: What is the unex…
The quote: "The unexamined life is not worth living." Socrate…
19 terms
Philosophy 201 Exam 3
Surface Freedoms
Free Will
Ultimate Responsibility
Determinism
freedom to perform types of actions; freedom from interferenc…
something deeper
the sources or origins of our actions are "in us" and not som…
with laws of nature and initial configuration of the universe…
Surface Freedoms
freedom to perform types of actions; freedom from interferenc…
Free Will
something deeper
36 terms
Philosophy 201 Final
Religious Problem of Evil
Theological Problem of Evil
Philosophical Problem of Evil
3 Types of Evil
How do I relate to God in the midst of tragedy & suffering
How does sin & suffering relate to God's sovereignty
How do I understand that there is evil, and a loving God
-Ontological... -Natural... -Moral
Religious Problem of Evil
How do I relate to God in the midst of tragedy & suffering
Theological Problem of Evil
How does sin & suffering relate to God's sovereignty
56 terms
Philosophy 201 Test 3
What is death to us?
What is justice?
What sorts of things are up to us?
What is the standard for our possessio…
Nothing (Epicureanism)
Never anything in itself, but in the dealings of men (Epicure…
All things happen by fate. "If we do not have complete contro…
We do not always have control of our possessions, body, actio…
What is death to us?
Nothing (Epicureanism)
What is justice?
Never anything in itself, but in the dealings of men (Epicure…
33 terms
Philosophy 201 Test 1
Philo
Sophos
Normative
Justification
"love"
"wisdom"
A moral claim about some action you ought to do
Justification addresses the question, "Is this true and are t…
Philo
"love"
Sophos
"wisdom"
58 terms
Philosophy 201 Test 3
Properties
Accidental properties
Essential properties properties
Essence
An attribute or quality a thing is said to possess... Characteri…
properties which a particular thing may or may not possess; t…
which a particular thing must possess; they are necessary to…
The sum of the essential properties of a thing that makes it…
Properties
An attribute or quality a thing is said to possess... Characteri…
Accidental properties
properties which a particular thing may or may not possess; t…
49 terms
Philosophy 201 quiz 2
why are the laws of logic foundational?
list the three laws of logic
define the Law of noncontradiction
define the law of the excluded middle
They are the first principles of logic. They make discourse p…
1. Law of noncontradiction ... 2. Law of excluded middle... 3. Law…
Something cannot both be and not be at the same time and in t…
something either is or is not. P v ~P. "either/or" pg. 124
why are the laws of logic foundational?
They are the first principles of logic. They make discourse p…
list the three laws of logic
1. Law of noncontradiction ... 2. Law of excluded middle... 3. Law…
Philosophy 201 - Apologetics Test
Apologia
the four aspects to my approach to the…
Best explanation approach
Defeasible
to offer a verbal defense
I. Best explanations approach... II. Defeasible... III. Cumulative…
the existence of God is the best explanation for the effects…
I could be shown to be wrong; not incorrigible (impossible to…
Apologia
to offer a verbal defense
the four aspects to my approach to the…
I. Best explanations approach... II. Defeasible... III. Cumulative…
36 terms
Philosophy 201 Test 3
What is death to us?
What is justice?
What sorts of things are up to us?
What is the standard for possessions?
Nothing. We do not exist when we die.
"A pledge of mutual advantage ... in the dealings of men with…
Our intentions and desires
What is needed for our Body
What is death to us?
Nothing. We do not exist when we die.
What is justice?
"A pledge of mutual advantage ... in the dealings of men with…
63 terms
Philosophy 201 Metaphysics Test
Properties:
Accidental properties:
Essential properties:
Essence:
An attribute or quality a thing is said to possess (red, soft…
Properties which a particular thing may or may not posses; th…
Properties which a particular thing must possess; they are ne…
The set of the essential properites of ta thing that makes it…
Properties:
An attribute or quality a thing is said to possess (red, soft…
Accidental properties:
Properties which a particular thing may or may not posses; th…
20 terms
Philosophy 201 Liberty University
the unexamined life
the rational animal
Normative claim
wisdom
Socrates challenge to live critically: to live the unexamined…
Humans reason and reflect about the world around them. The ra…
a claim about some action people ought to do
knowledge applied
the unexamined life
Socrates challenge to live critically: to live the unexamined…
the rational animal
Humans reason and reflect about the world around them. The ra…
9 terms
Philosophy 201 Vocabulary
Axiology
Epistemology
Metaphysics
Argument
the study of value
the study of knowledge
the study of the nature of reality
one or more statements that are connected together in order t…
Axiology
the study of value
Epistemology
the study of knowledge
50 terms
Philosophy 201 Exam 4
What does Conee and Sider write about…
What does Campbell write about and wha…
What does Ree write about and what is…
What does Ayer write about and what is…
Riddles of Existence... Overview of the problem of free will and…
On Selfhood and Godhood... Example of a libertarian
The Illusion of Free Will... Example of a Determinist
Freedom and Necessity... Example of a compatibilist
What does Conee and Sider write about…
Riddles of Existence... Overview of the problem of free will and…
What does Campbell write about and wha…
On Selfhood and Godhood... Example of a libertarian
38 terms
Philosophy 201 Final Exam
fallacies of presumption
fallacies of ambiguity
fallacies of illicit transference
begging the question (petitio principii)
a group of informal fallacies that occur when the premise es…
a group of informal fallacies that occur because of an ambigu…
a group of informal fallacies that involves the incorrect tra…
an informal fallacy that occurs when the arguer creates the i…
fallacies of presumption
a group of informal fallacies that occur when the premise es…
fallacies of ambiguity
a group of informal fallacies that occur because of an ambigu…
53 terms
Philosophy 201 test 4
Utilitarianism
Utility principal
Proportionalim
Pleasure principle
In action is right if and only if it promotes the greatest ha…
We opt to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good o…
Utility principle * greatest good over evil
Good equals pleasure, evil equals pain
Utilitarianism
In action is right if and only if it promotes the greatest ha…
Utility principal
We opt to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good o…
59 terms
Philosophy 201-035
Philosophy
Worldview
Argument
Deduction
The activity of thinking carefully about the deep issues of l…
A set of beliefs, values, and presuppositions concerning life…
A group of propositions in logical sequence that lead to the…
An argument wherein the premises logically entail the conclus…
Philosophy
The activity of thinking carefully about the deep issues of l…
Worldview
A set of beliefs, values, and presuppositions concerning life…
70 terms
Philosophy 201 Final
induction
deduction
determinism
materialism
reasoning from particular to general
reasoning from the general to particular
nothing can happen other than what does happen, because every…
all real existence is ultimately of something material
induction
reasoning from particular to general
deduction
reasoning from the general to particular
40 terms
philosophy 201 test 4
utilitarianism
utility principle
proportionalsim
pleasure principle
an action is right if and only if it promotes the greatest ha…
we ought to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good…
the utility principle: we ought to act so as to promote the g…
good = pleasure... evil = pain
utilitarianism
an action is right if and only if it promotes the greatest ha…
utility principle
we ought to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good…
70 terms
philosophy 201 important people
Atomist: swerve caused atoms to intera…
There is NOT a finite universe. (Rejec…
-Soul made up of fine atoms.
-We pick up on 'films' emanated by obj…
Epicurus
Epicurus
Epicurus
Epicurus
Atomist: swerve caused atoms to intera…
Epicurus
There is NOT a finite universe. (Rejec…
Epicurus
47 terms
Philosophy 201 Test 2
Laws of Logic
Law of Non-Contradiction
Law of Excluded Middle
Law of Identity
the foundation of all reasoning- the law of non-contradiction…
something cannot both be and not be at the same time in the s…
Something either is or isn't
Something is what it is
Laws of Logic
the foundation of all reasoning- the law of non-contradiction…
Law of Non-Contradiction
something cannot both be and not be at the same time in the s…
42 terms
Philosophy 201 Exam 4
Utilitarianism
Utility Principle
Proportionalism
Pleasure Principle
the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
to promote the greatest balance of good over evil.
it is never right to go against a principle unless a proporti…
good is pleasure. evil is pain
Utilitarianism
the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
Utility Principle
to promote the greatest balance of good over evil.
117 terms
Exam 2- Philosophy 201
The belief in a personal God who is th…
Anselm developed a version of the:
Who argued that the concept of an abso…
an argument by analogy is a(n)
Theism
ontological argument
Kant
inductive argument
The belief in a personal God who is th…
Theism
Anselm developed a version of the:
ontological argument
13 terms
Philosophy 201 - Metaphysics Test
Properties
Characteristics of Properties
Accidental Properties
Essential Properties
An attribute or quality a thing is said to possess.
Universal-can be in more than one thing at a time... Immutable &…
Properties which a particular thing may or may not possess; t…
Properties which a particular thing must possess; they are ne…
Properties
An attribute or quality a thing is said to possess.
Characteristics of Properties
Universal-can be in more than one thing at a time... Immutable &…
49 terms
Philosophy 201 Final
Who is considered the Father of Greek…
True or false: Anaximenes believed in…
_____ believed that air was the founda…
Anaximander believed in the _____ and…
Thales
False
Anaximenes
Indefinite; apeiron
Who is considered the Father of Greek…
Thales
True or false: Anaximenes believed in…
False
46 terms
Philosophy 201 Endterm TERMS
Epistemology
Rationalism
Radical Doubt
Master Deceiver
the "theory of knowledge"... is the part of philosophy concerne…
claims that knowledge comes from, or arises in, our minds.... b…
In order for something to be truth it has to be certain and u…
The mastermind behind a massive deception. A creator who dece…
Epistemology
the "theory of knowledge"... is the part of philosophy concerne…
Rationalism
claims that knowledge comes from, or arises in, our minds.... b…
18 terms
Philosophy 201 Midterm
What two conditions must be maintained…
What types of disagreements do the god…
what counter arguments does Socrates u…
How does Socrates' view of death refle…
1. Piety must be considered the same across all actions... 2. im…
Do the gods love piety because something is pies or are thing…
Socrates can't corrupt the youth because to do bad is to do h…
Socrates believes that when you die, one of two things will h…
What two conditions must be maintained…
1. Piety must be considered the same across all actions... 2. im…
What types of disagreements do the god…
Do the gods love piety because something is pies or are thing…
Philosophy 201 exam 2
What is Humanism
Humanism
Humanism
Naturalism
an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to…
beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings
seeks solely rational ways of solving human problems.
focuses on nature
What is Humanism
an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to…
Humanism
beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings
31 terms
Philosophy 201 Exam 2
What is the basic idea of Aquinas's Fi…
Describe or Reconstruct Aquinas's Firs…
What is the basic principle Aquinas's…
Describe or Reconstruct Aquinas's Seco…
The Argument from Motion and Change
Things Move. Things cannot move themselves, so everything mov…
The Argument from Causation
1) There are things that are caused... 2) Nothing can be the cau…
What is the basic idea of Aquinas's Fi…
The Argument from Motion and Change
Describe or Reconstruct Aquinas's Firs…
Things Move. Things cannot move themselves, so everything mov…
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