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Study sets matching "phil102"

1,958 terms
Philosophy 102
Who was Plato a student of?
For what is Socrates being prosecuted…
Why is Euthyphro prosecuting his fathe…
Why is it impious for Euthyphro to pro…
Socrates
Being prosecuted by Meletus of Pitthis for corrupting the you…
He is prosecuting him for murdering a poor laborer of theirs…
Because it is impious to charge a father for murder
Who was Plato a student of?
Socrates
For what is Socrates being prosecuted…
Being prosecuted by Meletus of Pitthis for corrupting the you…
11 terms
philosophy 102
Philosophy
Worldveiw
Fallacy
Humanism
Study of knowledge nature of ultimate reality.
A commitment of fundmental orientation of the heart that can…
Invalid argument with appearance of validity... A deceptive misl…
Practice that emphasize reason scientific inquiry and human f…
Philosophy
Study of knowledge nature of ultimate reality.
Worldveiw
A commitment of fundmental orientation of the heart that can…
Philosophy 102
Inductive Arguments
Cogent
Prediction
Analogically argument
Are strong or weak (not valid)
Strong inductive arguments with true premises
An argument that proceeds from our knowledge of the past to c…
An argument that depend on the existence of an analogy or sim…
Inductive Arguments
Are strong or weak (not valid)
Cogent
Strong inductive arguments with true premises
18 terms
Philosophy 102
Plato biography
Inquiery paradox
Slaveboy conversation
Theory of recollection
Born circa 428 B.C.E., ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a…
1. Implicit premise : Either you know what you're looking for…
he calls over one of Meno's slave boys, draws a square with s…
his theory suggests that all learning is a matter of recollec…
Plato biography
Born circa 428 B.C.E., ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a…
Inquiery paradox
1. Implicit premise : Either you know what you're looking for…
27 terms
Philosophy 102
Argument
Proposition
Sentence
Premise
any group of propositions, of which one is claimed to follow…
a sentence that has a truth value (one that is either true or…
any group of words that express a complete thought
any proposition that is used in an argument to support its co…
Argument
any group of propositions, of which one is claimed to follow…
Proposition
a sentence that has a truth value (one that is either true or…
38 terms
Philosophy 102
Ethical Egoism
Psychological Egoism
Rational Egoism
Consequentialist Moral Theory
It is morally required for a person to act as to maximize the…
Claims that each person is ultimately motivated only by the d…
Claims that rationality requires each person to act to maximi…
Claims that right and wrong are determined only by the value…
Ethical Egoism
It is morally required for a person to act as to maximize the…
Psychological Egoism
Claims that each person is ultimately motivated only by the d…
49 terms
Philosophy 102
Posteriori (epistemology)
Priori (epistemology)
Aesthetics
Agnosticism (philosophy of religion)
Reasoning that proceeds from observation or experience rather…
Reasoning that proceeds from deduction rather than observatio…
The study of beauty and human appreciation of it.
The view that god cannot be known and so people should suspen…
Posteriori (epistemology)
Reasoning that proceeds from observation or experience rather…
Priori (epistemology)
Reasoning that proceeds from deduction rather than observatio…
11 terms
philosophy 102
autonomy
philosophy
critical thinking
epistemology
the freedom of being able to decide for yourself what you wil…
the love of wisdom; the activity of critically and carefully…
the kind of disciple thinking we do when we base our beliefs…
the study of knowledge
autonomy
the freedom of being able to decide for yourself what you wil…
philosophy
the love of wisdom; the activity of critically and carefully…
142 terms
Philosophy 102
What is consequentialism
Utilitarianism-defintion
in benthams opinion, the only ethical…
happiness calculated by
a type of moral theory according to which consequences of act…
what makes an action right/wrong relates to how much happines…
pleasure, pain
intensity, duraiton, certainty, how soon it will occur, fecun…
What is consequentialism
a type of moral theory according to which consequences of act…
Utilitarianism-defintion
what makes an action right/wrong relates to how much happines…
11 terms
Philosophy 102
Justification
Argument
Proposition
Sentence
To give reasons for your claim
group of propositions, of which is claimed to follow the othe…
Sentence that has a truth value (one that is either true or f…
Group of words that expresses a complete thought
Justification
To give reasons for your claim
Argument
group of propositions, of which is claimed to follow the othe…
22 terms
Philosophy 102
Objectivism
Virtue Ethics
Virtue
Prima Facie Duty
Moral truths, exist independently of human knowledge or perce…
Character based as opposed to a principle based theory. We lo…
A habitual and firm disposition to do the good.
duty that is always to be acted upon unless it conflicts with…
Objectivism
Moral truths, exist independently of human knowledge or perce…
Virtue Ethics
Character based as opposed to a principle based theory. We lo…
35 terms
Philosophy 102
Pragmatism
Tender Minded
Tough Minded
Hegelian Dialectic
William Jame's theory knocked off of Pierce's Pragmaticism fo…
Rationalism, based in theory/mind
Empiricism, needs fact/science
James: Idea (Thesis) Opposition (Antithesis) and Bridge the g…
Pragmatism
William Jame's theory knocked off of Pierce's Pragmaticism fo…
Tender Minded
Rationalism, based in theory/mind
21 terms
Philosophy 102!
affirming the consequence
denying the antecedent
false dilemma
post hoc, ergo propter hoc
a --> b... b therefore a... ex. if Doug has fir, then he is a dog…
a --> b... if not a, then not b... ex. if this is a Prius, then th…
the arguer insists that one of two propositions must be true,…
an event that follows another must therefore be caused by tha…
affirming the consequence
a --> b... b therefore a... ex. if Doug has fir, then he is a dog…
denying the antecedent
a --> b... if not a, then not b... ex. if this is a Prius, then th…
31 terms
Philosophy 102
Tao (Chuang-tzu)
Conscience (Butler)
Benevolence (Butler)
Filial love/affection (Xun Zi)
the way of humanity. Someone who follows "Taoism" flows with…
A principle of reflection in men by which they distinguish be…
there is a natural principle of benevolence in man, which is…
Opposes to man's original nature and contrary to man's feelin…
Tao (Chuang-tzu)
the way of humanity. Someone who follows "Taoism" flows with…
Conscience (Butler)
A principle of reflection in men by which they distinguish be…
18 terms
Philosophy 102
smokescreen / red herring
subjectivist fallacy
appeal to popularity (belief)
appeal to common practice
What is said in the premises does not answer the argument.... e…
When we treat something that's a matter of fact as a matter o…
You should believe something because everyone else does.... ex)…
Everyone does it so I do it... ex) everyone drives 80 on the fr…
smokescreen / red herring
What is said in the premises does not answer the argument.... e…
subjectivist fallacy
When we treat something that's a matter of fact as a matter o…
Philosophy 102
St. Augustine
D'holbach
Bentham
Kant
all have free will; God can know what we can do; perfect pred…
determinist, the actions of man are never free; what we do is…
hedonist, ultimate good is pleasure, seek pleasure and avoid…
Categorical imperative; Don't do anything unless you wouldn't…
St. Augustine
all have free will; God can know what we can do; perfect pred…
D'holbach
determinist, the actions of man are never free; what we do is…
17 terms
Philosophy 102
deductive argument
inductive argument
cosmological argument
teleological argument
a sound and valid argument with true premises
an argument in which the premises support the truth of the co…
(a posteriori) starts from a simple fact about the world
(a posteriori) starts from an observation about the world
deductive argument
a sound and valid argument with true premises
inductive argument
an argument in which the premises support the truth of the co…
Philosophy 102
A Claim
E Claim
I Claim
O Claim
All S are P
No S are P; fill in the middle
Some S are P; X in the middle
Some S are not P; X on a side
A Claim
All S are P
E Claim
No S are P; fill in the middle
21 terms
Philosophy 102
a priori
a posteriori
prima facie duty
teleological
with no reference to experience
with reference to experience
at first appearance
aiming at a certain goal, acting with a particular purpose
a priori
with no reference to experience
a posteriori
with reference to experience
Philosophy 102
Value theory
Normative ethics
Metaethics
Argument
a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral phi…
the study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophica…
Metaethics is a branch of analytic philosophy that explores t…
a series of statements typically used to persuade someone of…
Value theory
a catch-all label used to encompass all branches of moral phi…
Normative ethics
the study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophica…
16 terms
Philosophy 102
affirming the consequence
denying the antecedent
false dilemma
post hoc, ergo propter hoc
a --> b... b therefore a... ex. if Doug has fir, then he is a dog…
a --> b... if not a, then not b... ex. if this is a Prius, then th…
the arguer insists that one of two propositions must be true,…
an event that follows another must therefore be caused by tha…
affirming the consequence
a --> b... b therefore a... ex. if Doug has fir, then he is a dog…
denying the antecedent
a --> b... if not a, then not b... ex. if this is a Prius, then th…
10 terms
Philosophy 102
Pursuit of Wisdom
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Logic
1. What do you believe?... 2. Why do you believe it?... 3. Do the r…
(a). The study of what exists and (b) the way or manner in wh…
The study of knowledge
The study of correct reasoning
Pursuit of Wisdom
1. What do you believe?... 2. Why do you believe it?... 3. Do the r…
Metaphysics
(a). The study of what exists and (b) the way or manner in wh…
20 terms
Philosophy 102 : quiz 4
"Make the rich pay their fair share"
I know a little Greek
The father let his son use his basebal…
Anyone caught collecting golf balls on…
Vague because of "fair"
Semantic ambiguity
Pronoun ambiguity
Semantic ambiguity
"Make the rich pay their fair share"
Vague because of "fair"
I know a little Greek
Semantic ambiguity
20 terms
Philosophy 102
What is philosophy?
What does philosophy begin with?
What are the bases of Philosophy?
What 3 questions has philosophy tradit…
The word philosophy comes from the Greek words philein, meani…
Wondering about our most basic beliefs.
Epistemology, Metaphysics, Ethics, Logic
What is knowledge? ... What is real? ... What is right and good?
What is philosophy?
The word philosophy comes from the Greek words philein, meani…
What does philosophy begin with?
Wondering about our most basic beliefs.
33 terms
Philosophy 102: quiz 5
It is generally reasonable to accept a…
All ducks quack
Unreasonable to be suspicious
When we hear a claim, we asses the cre…
True
Inherently lacking
True
Source, content of the claim itself
It is generally reasonable to accept a…
True
All ducks quack
Inherently lacking
Philosophy 102 Midterm 2
the enlightenment
enlightenment values
Nicolaus Copernicus
Heliocentricity
What was the last period of history that human omniscience wa…
Hope, optimism, confidence, and happiness are ___.
Polish astronomer who advanced the theory that the earth and…
The theory that earth and other planets revolve around the su…
the enlightenment
What was the last period of history that human omniscience wa…
enlightenment values
Hope, optimism, confidence, and happiness are ___.
13 terms
Philosophy 102: quiz 3
A red-eye fruit fly has RNA... A white-ey…
All living organisms have RNA... The Frui…
If Pete saw the movie about animals th…
Everything actual is possible... Human be…
Inductive
Deductive, valid, sound
Deductive, valid, unsound
Deductive, valid, sound
A red-eye fruit fly has RNA... A white-ey…
Inductive
All living organisms have RNA... The Frui…
Deductive, valid, sound
Philosophy 102 Midterm 3
C
Compatibilists
Incompatibilists
Reid; James
According to Hume, our actions are free when:... A. They are cau…
___ would describe Hume and Frankfurt. They believe in freedo…
___ would describe Reid, James, and d'Hollbach. They are libe…
___ and ___ were libertarians
C
According to Hume, our actions are free when:... A. They are cau…
Compatibilists
___ would describe Hume and Frankfurt. They believe in freedo…
32 terms
Philosophy 102 Mid Term
Who are compatablist?
What do compatablist believe?
Who are Libertarian?
What do Libertarians believe?
Hobbes, Hume
- Liberty and necessity are consistent... - Verbal confusion... - T…
Kant
- assume indeterminism because there are incompatabilites... -…
Who are compatablist?
Hobbes, Hume
What do compatablist believe?
- Liberty and necessity are consistent... - Verbal confusion... - T…
29 terms
Philosophy 102 Vocab
Logic
Argument
Statement
Premises
The organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates a…
A group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) ar…
A sentence that is either true or false
The statements that set forth the reasons or evidence
Logic
The organized body of knowledge, or science, that evaluates a…
Argument
A group of statements, one or more of which (the premises) ar…
22 terms
Philosophy 102 Scheme Review
Analogy
sign
ptk
authority
comparison, base, conclusion
connection, mere sign, conclusion
position, assertion, conclusion
authority, assertion, conclusion
Analogy
comparison, base, conclusion
sign
connection, mere sign, conclusion
38 terms
philosophy 102 exam 1
minimal traditional theism
premise
conclusion
theist
there exists an all-powerful all-knowing perfectly good person
reasons for thinking the conclusion is true
the claim which the premises are supposed to show must be true
believes god exists
minimal traditional theism
there exists an all-powerful all-knowing perfectly good person
premise
reasons for thinking the conclusion is true
26 terms
Quiz 2: Philosophy 102
1st Formulation of the Moral Law
2nd Formulation of the Moral Law
Maxim?
2 Test to know whether Maxim is univer…
Act only on that maxim which you could will to be a universal…
Act as so as to treat humanity, whether in yourself or in ano…
A subjective (your opinion) principle of could volition (the…
1. Is it logically possible to universalize the maxim of your…
1st Formulation of the Moral Law
Act only on that maxim which you could will to be a universal…
2nd Formulation of the Moral Law
Act as so as to treat humanity, whether in yourself or in ano…
16 terms
Philosophy 102 Exam 1
What makes something an argument?
Premises indicators
Conclusion indicators
What makes an argument valid?
2 parts: a claim (conclusion) and reason, evidence (Premises)
because, since, due to the fact that, for the reason that, for
therefore, so, thus, hence, consequently
Premises must be true -> conclusion must be true
What makes something an argument?
2 parts: a claim (conclusion) and reason, evidence (Premises)
Premises indicators
because, since, due to the fact that, for the reason that, for
27 terms
Philosophy 102-Informal Fallacies
Appeal to Force
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to the people
Appeal to fear
Whenever an arguer poses a conclusion to another person and t…
When an arguer attempts to support a conclusion by merely evo…
Uses love, esteem, admiration, value, recognition, and accept…
An arguer trumps up a fear of something in the mind of the cr…
Appeal to Force
Whenever an arguer poses a conclusion to another person and t…
Appeal to Pity
When an arguer attempts to support a conclusion by merely evo…
43 terms
Philosophy 102 Final
Anthropocentrism
Capitalism
Clone/Cloning
Deep Ecology
approach to environmental ethics that maintains that human in…
a social and economic system based on private property and fr…
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived f…
extreme ecocentric idea in environmental ethics that emphasiz…
Anthropocentrism
approach to environmental ethics that maintains that human in…
Capitalism
a social and economic system based on private property and fr…
28 terms
Philosophy 102 UNLV
Burden of Proof (BOP)
Argument
Evidence/Premises
BOP/Argument Rule 1
someone's obligation to prove what they want you to believe
attempt to convince others of a point by presenting a premise…
justify what they want you to believe
a conclusion cannot ever be drawn about anything without evid…
Burden of Proof (BOP)
someone's obligation to prove what they want you to believe
Argument
attempt to convince others of a point by presenting a premise…
19 terms
Philosophy 102 Exam 1
Objections to Pascal's Wager
Prudential (practical) Reasons
Evidential ( Theoretical ) Reason
Decision Theory
(O1) Belief is not a voluntary action. You cannot just decide…
reason for believing that P is a reason to think that having…
Reason for believing that P is one that provides a reason to…
is the theory of rational decision making... Given (1) possible…
Objections to Pascal's Wager
(O1) Belief is not a voluntary action. You cannot just decide…
Prudential (practical) Reasons
reason for believing that P is a reason to think that having…
18 terms
Philosophy 102 Exam 3
Modus Ponens (MP)
Modus Tollens (MT)
Hypothetical Syllogism (HS)
Disjunctive Syllogism (DS)
P-> Q... P... Q implication rule
P->Q... ~Q... ~P implication rule
P->Q... Q->R... P->R implication rule
PvQ... ~P... Q or ... PvQ... ~Q... P implication rule
Modus Ponens (MP)
P-> Q... P... Q implication rule
Modus Tollens (MT)
P->Q... ~Q... ~P implication rule
40 terms
Philosophy 102 Midterm
advance directive
autonomy
brain death (whole)
categorical imperative
a health care directive that stipulates in advance what sort…
(n.) Self-government, political control; independence
legal criteria for death focused not on respiration and heart…
Kantian idea about the universal form of the moral law, which…
advance directive
a health care directive that stipulates in advance what sort…
autonomy
(n.) Self-government, political control; independence
24 terms
Philosophy 102 Midterm Guide
What is Philosophy?
What are the 3 original branches of ph…
What is the goal of Philosophy?
What is Rationalist Thinking?
The love of wisdom.
1. Epistemology... 2. Metaphysics... 3. Ethics... 4. Logic
To achieve autonomy ( the freedom of being able to decide for…
Reasoning built on intellectual and deductive methods.... Ration…
What is Philosophy?
The love of wisdom.
What are the 3 original branches of ph…
1. Epistemology... 2. Metaphysics... 3. Ethics... 4. Logic
19 terms
Philosophy 102 : Quiz 1-2
Critical thinking
Professor Kleven's previous jobs?
In Critical Thinking class we will be…
Professor Kleven has a day job doing w…
Careful application of reason & analyzing their claims. NOT s…
Was a corrections officer, printer, pool boy
Claims
Attorney
Critical thinking
Careful application of reason & analyzing their claims. NOT s…
Professor Kleven's previous jobs?
Was a corrections officer, printer, pool boy
12 terms
philosophy 102 key terms
dualism
monism
Aesthetics
epistomology
2 of something
believing in one thing or God
study of art and beauty
study of knowledge
dualism
2 of something
monism
believing in one thing or God
67 terms
Philosophy 102 TERMS
Metaphysics
Ontology
Ethics
Epistemology
most basic features of reality and existence.
what is or what exists in a rational way.
practical reasoning, what is good, right, freedom, choice, ra…
The theory of knowledge, origin of knowledge, experience or r…
Metaphysics
most basic features of reality and existence.
Ontology
what is or what exists in a rational way.
41 terms
Philosophy 102 chapter 1
Logic
argument
statement
premises
defined as the organized body of knowledge, or science that e…
in its simplest form, is a group of statements one or more of…
a sentence that is either true or false, typically a declarat…
are the statements that set forth the reasons or evidence
Logic
defined as the organized body of knowledge, or science that e…
argument
in its simplest form, is a group of statements one or more of…
40 terms
Philosophy 102: Introduction to Logic
The parts of Arguments:
Premise:
Conclusion:
Argument:
Premises and Conclusions
-Assumptions, or things that are taken as true "for the purpo…
-The conclusions drawn from those premises... -A declarative sen…
A collection of declarative sentences/propositions with at le…
The parts of Arguments:
Premises and Conclusions
Premise:
-Assumptions, or things that are taken as true "for the purpo…
10 terms
Philosophy 102 - Test 3
Philosophy
Epistemology
Ethics
Metaphysics
I love knowledge
...
...
...
Philosophy
I love knowledge
Epistemology
...
79 terms
Philosophy 102 Final
What did Nietzsche say about God?... A. h…
Nietzsche
"philosophizing with a hammer"
The gaol of Nietzsche's philopsphy
D. he is dead
-very controversial figure... -provocative... -called himself an "a…
to provoke us, to move us, and to annoy us. always aggressive…
subversive... challenging and overthrowing conventional philosop…
What did Nietzsche say about God?... A. h…
D. he is dead
Nietzsche
-very controversial figure... -provocative... -called himself an "a…
16 terms
Philosophy 102 Fallacy Types
relevance: ad homenim
relevance: guilt by association
relevance: tu quoque
relevance: vested interest
When a person claims to support a conclusion by attacking the…
When a person claims to support a conclusion by criticizing t…
When a person claims to support a conclusion by accusing the…
When a person claims to support a conclusion by alleging that…
relevance: ad homenim
When a person claims to support a conclusion by attacking the…
relevance: guilt by association
When a person claims to support a conclusion by criticizing t…
18 terms
Philosophy 102 Exam 2
Method
idea
imagining
sensing
for any given belief, if I can find reason to take seriously…
image or representation of a thing
nearly contemplating of the shape or image of a corporeal thing
having things seem to me
Method
for any given belief, if I can find reason to take seriously…
idea
image or representation of a thing
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