Study sets matching "philosophy 1"

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Study sets matching "philosophy 1"

20 terms
Philosophy 1
Wisdom
Western Rational Tradition
Knowledge
Practical use
Philosophy means the love of ________.
Philosophers belonging to the ________ are curious, detached,…
Wisdom is not the same thing as ________ or intelligence.
Wisdom is captured by one's ability to put information and in…
Wisdom
Philosophy means the love of ________.
Western Rational Tradition
Philosophers belonging to the ________ are curious, detached,…
Philosophy 1
Kant's theory of knowledge through exp…
Kant's theory of knowledge through fig…
The physical world does not exist. Pro…
When we perceive an object in the real…
Empiricist
Rationalist
Berkley
Direct Realism
Kant's theory of knowledge through exp…
Empiricist
Kant's theory of knowledge through fig…
Rationalist
Philosophy 1
Ontological views
Psychological views
Analytic...
Synthetic...
What is observable (Fact, truth)
What I believe to be (Based on personal opinions)
A priori
A posteridi
Ontological views
What is observable (Fact, truth)
Psychological views
What I believe to be (Based on personal opinions)
14 terms
Philosophy 1
Materialism
The three ideas
Epistemology
Thales
Whats real is matter
1) reality vs appearance ... 2) permanence + change... 3) one & the…
The study of knowledge
Believed everything is water, reality is water
Materialism
Whats real is matter
The three ideas
1) reality vs appearance ... 2) permanence + change... 3) one & the…
49 terms
Philosophy: 1
Logic
Logic includes
Why is logic important?
William E. Gladstone
study of reasoning and argumentation
identification, analysis, and evaluation of arguments (most i…
to arrive at better supported, more objective conclusions... to…
mistake strength of feeling with strength of argument... most po…
Logic
study of reasoning and argumentation
Logic includes
identification, analysis, and evaluation of arguments (most i…
8 terms
Philosophy 1
Ethics
Morals
dualism
relativism
the study of the values and guidelines that we live by as wel…
a standard of right and wrong thats established by a particul…
right and wrong
personal opinion
Ethics
the study of the values and guidelines that we live by as wel…
Morals
a standard of right and wrong thats established by a particul…
Philosophy 1
remote viewing
supernatural
anomalies
paradigm
ability to accurately perceive information about distant geog…
phenomena that seems to violate the natural order of things
phenomena that doesn't seem to obey known laws
theoretical framework
remote viewing
ability to accurately perceive information about distant geog…
supernatural
phenomena that seems to violate the natural order of things
9 terms
philosophy 1
Modus Ponens
Modus Tollens
Disjunctive Syllogism
Dilemma
If P then Q... P... Therefore, Q
If P then q... Not-q... Therefore, not-p
Either P or Q... Not-P... Therefore, Q
Either P or Q... if P then R... if Q then R... therefore, R
Modus Ponens
If P then Q... P... Therefore, Q
Modus Tollens
If P then q... Not-q... Therefore, not-p
Philosophy 1
Philosophy
Axiology
Epistomology
Metaphysics
Love of wisdom
The study of value
The study of knowledge
The study of reality/being
Philosophy
Love of wisdom
Axiology
The study of value
Philosophy 1
theme of philosophy
Being- Ontology
Reason- Epistemology
Good life- axiology
Being reason good life
the study of being, truth, explanation
to know and understand nature
value of self and community
theme of philosophy
Being reason good life
Being- Ontology
the study of being, truth, explanation
Philosophy 1
Pythagoras believed that reality
In Plato's Myth of the Cave, the sun-l…
Plato's epistemology and ontology is p…
The pre-Socratic philosophers tried to…
could only be grasped through the five senses
reality, the domain of true knowledge, the individual human b…
simile of the line
nonreligious explanations of nature
Pythagoras believed that reality
could only be grasped through the five senses
In Plato's Myth of the Cave, the sun-l…
reality, the domain of true knowledge, the individual human b…
Philosophy 1
Logic
Argument
Deductive
Inductive
Foundation of argumentation
Group of statements, one or more of which are claimed to prov…
Would be impossible for the conclusion to be false if the pre…
Claims the conclusion is probably true based on the premises…
Logic
Foundation of argumentation
Argument
Group of statements, one or more of which are claimed to prov…
philosophy 1
Montaine
The Apology for Raimond Sebond
Raimond Sebond
The inconsistency of our actions
was raised with protestant mother and catholic father in Fran…
Man has no claim to knowledge- senses are limited and percept…
wrote a book in defense of Catholicism toward athiests
explains that men do nothing consistently; one cannot be judg…
Montaine
was raised with protestant mother and catholic father in Fran…
The Apology for Raimond Sebond
Man has no claim to knowledge- senses are limited and percept…
6 terms
Philosophy 1
I. Argument
II. Deductive argument - Components: c…
III. Connective complex sentence: and,…
III. Statement T and F, valid and inva…
A. Inductive argument - evidence, increase probability to pro…
A. Premises :statements which are affirmed to be true ... B. Pr…
Conjunction = statements join together P A Q... Disjunction = st…
A. If the premises are true and the argument is valid then th…
I. Argument
A. Inductive argument - evidence, increase probability to pro…
II. Deductive argument - Components: c…
A. Premises :statements which are affirmed to be true ... B. Pr…
Philosophy #1
Immanuel Kant
Plato
Saint Augustine
Saint Anselm
Enlightenment
Cave Allegory
God is the highest being
Ontological Argument, perfect God
Immanuel Kant
Enlightenment
Plato
Cave Allegory
Philosophy 1
Etymology of the Word "Philosophy"
Philein
Sophia
How does etymology help us understand…
The Love Of wisdom
"To Love"
"Wisdom"
Wisdom that results from a pursuit of knowledge of reality
Etymology of the Word "Philosophy"
The Love Of wisdom
Philein
"To Love"
23 terms
Philosophy 1
Philosophy
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Ethics
"love of wisdom"
the study of "ultimate reality"
the study of knowledge or how to tell when we really know som…
the study of moral problems, right and wrong, and practical t…
Philosophy
"love of wisdom"
Metaphysics
the study of "ultimate reality"
30 terms
philosophy1
Moral Relativism
Moral Absolutism
Normative ethical subjectivism
Meta-ethical subjectivism
moral facts about what is moral, relative to culture, change…
moral facts are the same always and everywhere
Actions are moral/immoral based on if the person judging it a…
There are no moral facts
Moral Relativism
moral facts about what is moral, relative to culture, change…
Moral Absolutism
moral facts are the same always and everywhere
17 terms
philosophy 1
philosophy
pantheism
polytheism
redemption
The investigation of truths and principles using human reason
The belief that God and nature are one and the same
The belief in many gods
"ransom" Jesus' Death is ransom that defeated the powers of e…
philosophy
The investigation of truths and principles using human reason
pantheism
The belief that God and nature are one and the same
10 terms
Philosophy 1
What are three fields of philosophy?
Definition of Eastern Philosophy
Definition of Western Philosophy
What did women in philosophy use to ge…
Metaphysics, Epistemology & Ethics
How everything is interconnected and the idea that everything…
Everything is based on the individual and looks had the indiv…
They used male pen names because they were considered inferior.
What are three fields of philosophy?
Metaphysics, Epistemology & Ethics
Definition of Eastern Philosophy
How everything is interconnected and the idea that everything…
12 terms
Philosophy Quiz 1
Topics of Philosophy
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Ethics
Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics, Political Phil…
Covers topics of God, Free Will, Causation... The study of the…
The study of knowledge.
The branch of knowledge that deals with moral principles.
Topics of Philosophy
Metaphysics, Epistemology, Ethics, Aesthetics, Political Phil…
Metaphysics
Covers topics of God, Free Will, Causation... The study of the…
13 terms
Philosophy #1
philosophy
metaphysics
materialism
idealism
The ultimate questions, literally means "love of wisdom"
the study of reality/existence... Asks: What is "really" real?
ultimately reality is physical or material, matter-in-motion…
ultimately reality is spiritual or mind-like, immaterial (exa…
philosophy
The ultimate questions, literally means "love of wisdom"
metaphysics
the study of reality/existence... Asks: What is "really" real?
Philosophy 1
Absolutism
Aesthetics
Anthropomorphic
Dualism
The thesis that there is but one correct view of reality
Branch of philosophy dealing with beauty, health and taste
Humanlike. An anthropomorphic conception of God ascribes huma…
In general, the distinction between mind and body as separate…
Absolutism
The thesis that there is but one correct view of reality
Aesthetics
Branch of philosophy dealing with beauty, health and taste
philosophy 1
truth
validity
soundness
Socratic method
a property of statements, i.e., that they are the case.
a property of arguments, i.e., that they have a good structure.
a property of both arguments and the statements in them, i.e.…
A pedagogical technique in which a teacher does not give info…
truth
a property of statements, i.e., that they are the case.
validity
a property of arguments, i.e., that they have a good structure.
7 terms
philosophy 1
collection of claims
deductive argument
valid argument
inductive argument
statements supporting one another
argument where conclusion is meant to follow by necessity
conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true
conclusions meant to follow with probability
collection of claims
statements supporting one another
deductive argument
argument where conclusion is meant to follow by necessity
13 terms
Philosophy 1
Nature of God
Immanent
Transcendent
Nature of God 2
Made up of 3 parts- ... 1) God is the Father- the creator... 2) God…
God is within all
God is above all
-Omnibenevolence: all-good... -Omnipotent: all-important... -Omnipr…
Nature of God
Made up of 3 parts- ... 1) God is the Father- the creator... 2) God…
Immanent
God is within all
Philosophy 1
Philo-sophy
Scientia
Physos
Epistene
Greek word for love... Greek word for wisdom... "love of wisdom"
(L) broad based knowledge
(G)nature as growth
(G) knowledge
Philo-sophy
Greek word for love... Greek word for wisdom... "love of wisdom"
Scientia
(L) broad based knowledge
59 terms
PHILOSOPHY 1
philosophy
aesthetics
The Form of the Good is the ultimate r…
Reality consists of form and matter to…
the love of wisdom
the study of art and beauty
Plato
aristotle
philosophy
the love of wisdom
aesthetics
the study of art and beauty
45 terms
Philosophy 1
BABYLONIANS: What do Apsu and Tiamat r…
BABYLONIANS: How were heaven and earth…
BABYLONIANS: How did man come to be?
HESOID: Theogony
Apsu: Fresh water... Tiamat: Salt Water... Reference to floods in i…
Marduk split Tiamat- half became heaven, half became earth
Kingu was severed- his blood vessels became man
Poem by Hesoid about the birth of the Gods
BABYLONIANS: What do Apsu and Tiamat r…
Apsu: Fresh water... Tiamat: Salt Water... Reference to floods in i…
BABYLONIANS: How were heaven and earth…
Marduk split Tiamat- half became heaven, half became earth
21 terms
Challenge 1 Philosophy
Democritus
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
Atom theroy-world is composed of small units of matter
"Man is measure of all things"
Believed in immortal soul but limited number of forms
Studied nature, believed that man has innate reasoning
Democritus
Atom theroy-world is composed of small units of matter
Socrates
"Man is measure of all things"
Philosophy 1
Cultural Relativism
Empiricism
Materialism
Why would materialists/ empiricists re…
Different societies have different codes. No onjextive standa…
Notion that measurement and data is the source of all truth.…
Rejection of the spiritual word.
Because traditional morality is based on the idea of God and…
Cultural Relativism
Different societies have different codes. No onjextive standa…
Empiricism
Notion that measurement and data is the source of all truth.…
36 terms
Philosophy: 1
What is meant by a posteriori?
What is meant by an empiricist?
What is meant by a priori?
What are the 2 arguements for the exis…
-knowledge gained from experiances, e.g the senses
-someone who believes that knowledge comes from experiance or…
-knowledge is gained only from reasons independent of the sen…
1. Aquinas - cosmological argument... 2. st. Anselm - the ontolo…
What is meant by a posteriori?
-knowledge gained from experiances, e.g the senses
What is meant by an empiricist?
-someone who believes that knowledge comes from experiance or…
18 terms
Philosophy 1
In logic is there a focus on arguments…
What does emotive language do?
stipulative definition
ambiguous
neutral
tries to evoke a feeling in the audience
when you make up a definition to a word, take words that alre…
words that mean different things in different contexts (ex. b…
In logic is there a focus on arguments…
neutral
What does emotive language do?
tries to evoke a feeling in the audience
Philosophy 1
What did Anselm believe about proving…
St. Thomas Aquinas's first three ways…
How did mystical experience compare wi…
Given his epistemological standards, w…
You could do it using just the concept of God as the greatest…
Cosmological
It is as valid a source of knowledge as reason is.
They must yield conclusions that are absolutely certain.
What did Anselm believe about proving…
You could do it using just the concept of God as the greatest…
St. Thomas Aquinas's first three ways…
Cosmological
7 terms
Philosophy 1
Transcendent
Immanent
Omnibenevolent
Omnipresent
God is above all
God is within all
God is all loving
God is all present
Transcendent
God is above all
Immanent
God is within all
16 terms
Philosophy Terms Part 1
Absolutism
Abstract Idea
Absurdism
Accidentalism
The position that in a particular domain of thought, all stat…
A general awareness; that which exists in the mind rather tha…
: The efforts of man to find meaning in the universe will ult…
In metaphysics, any system of thought that maintains that eve…
Absolutism
The position that in a particular domain of thought, all stat…
Abstract Idea
A general awareness; that which exists in the mind rather tha…
10 terms
Philosophy 1
Morally impermissible
Morally Permissible
Morally Obligatory
Proposition or Statement
immoral. An act which one is morally required not to do. ... Ex.…
morally acceptable. An act which is not morally impermissible…
An act which one is morally required to do. ... Ex.) Failing to…
A sentence that makes a claim ; it's true or false.... Must be a…
Morally impermissible
immoral. An act which one is morally required not to do. ... Ex.…
Morally Permissible
morally acceptable. An act which is not morally impermissible…
Philosophy 1
Philosophy
Rationality
Doxastic obligation
Doxastic voluntarism
Excellent thinking
Being reasonable
The ethical burden to believe something
The view that belief is a product of the will
Philosophy
Excellent thinking
Rationality
Being reasonable
10 terms
Philosophy 1
Omnipotent
Omniscient
Omnipresent
Benevolent
All powerful
All knowing
God is everywhere
All loving
Omnipotent
All powerful
Omniscient
All knowing
Philosophy #1
Explain what a valid argument is and e…
Vaid deductive logical forms
Un-Valid Deductive logical forms
According to the notes, why is Thales…
A argument is valid when the conclusion of the argument must…
Modus ponens ... 1) if p then Q ... 2) P ... 3) Q ... Modus tollens ... 1)…
Affirming the Consequent ... 1) if p then Q ... 2) Q... 3) P ... Denying…
Thales was considered the first philosopher because he did no…
Explain what a valid argument is and e…
A argument is valid when the conclusion of the argument must…
Vaid deductive logical forms
Modus ponens ... 1) if p then Q ... 2) P ... 3) Q ... Modus tollens ... 1)…
36 terms
Philosophy 1
Faith
reason
pragmatic reasons
evidential reasons:
believing without seeing; absence of justification
believe on basis of good evidence
believe because advantageous ... natural: happiness/health/fit i…
reasons to believe based on evidence
Faith
believing without seeing; absence of justification
reason
believe on basis of good evidence
47 terms
philosophy 1
four major themes in the jewish bible…
The image of god
The Fall
The human condition.
Creation in the image of god, the fall, living under the law(…
interpreted as humanity spiritual nature, a rational nature,…
Adam and eve disobeyed gods commands, and humanity if corrupt…
refers to the situations human beings find themselves with re…
four major themes in the jewish bible…
Creation in the image of god, the fall, living under the law(…
The image of god
interpreted as humanity spiritual nature, a rational nature,…
14 terms
Philosophy 1
Niel Gunn quote
HOner, Hunt, Okholm quote 1
Arthur Holmes quote
Captain quote
"knowledge is high in the head but the salmon of wisdon swims…
"Philosophy...directs attention to the relentless efforts of…
"the philosopher has generally pursued one or oth of two obje…
'Philosphy is the rational inquiry into the structure of any…
Niel Gunn quote
"knowledge is high in the head but the salmon of wisdon swims…
HOner, Hunt, Okholm quote 1
"Philosophy...directs attention to the relentless efforts of…
29 terms
Philosophy 1
philosophy
"to be"
criticize
age of reckoning
combo of 2 Greek words- the love of wisdom; about questions w…
can be either physical (changing) or conceptual (non-changing)
to analyze in order to understand
when you're considered old enough to ask questions, separate…
philosophy
combo of 2 Greek words- the love of wisdom; about questions w…
"to be"
can be either physical (changing) or conceptual (non-changing)
43 terms
Philosophy 1
philosophy
non- empirical
empirical
fact
a method for asking and answering fundamental questions using…
thoughts, reasoning, logic
making observations about the world using our senses, conduct…
something that is about a subject and can be tested or proven
philosophy
a method for asking and answering fundamental questions using…
non- empirical
thoughts, reasoning, logic
65 terms
Philosophy #1
When did modern philosophy begin
Who started Philosophy... what did he do…
Ancient philosophy
Socratic method
May 28 585BC
Thales... predicted solar eclipse... he believed philosophy could p…
6BC BCE-4C CE... Socrates taught Plato taught Aristotle ... Info ab…
Question everything
When did modern philosophy begin
May 28 585BC
Who started Philosophy... what did he do…
Thales... predicted solar eclipse... he believed philosophy could p…
21 terms
Philosophy 1
Either/Or
Michel Foucault
Gottfried Leibniz
John Rawls
Another portion of this book uses the example of an empty gra…
In one work, this thinker notes that a "veritable discursive…
This thinker, who satirized a John Locke title in his New Ess…
The ideas of this author of The Law of Peoples prompted Rober…
Either/Or
Another portion of this book uses the example of an empty gra…
Michel Foucault
In one work, this thinker notes that a "veritable discursive…
Philosophy 1
Philosophy
Knowledge
Epistemology
Semantics
the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, an…
Facts, information, and skills squired by a person through ex…
the study of knowledge. That which distinguishes justified be…
The branch of linguistics and logic concerned with meaning.
Philosophy
the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, an…
Knowledge
Facts, information, and skills squired by a person through ex…
34 terms
Philosophy 1
Metaphysics
Ontology
Epistemology
Ethics
Is there a God? What is real? What is the purpose?
What does it mean to be...? (horse, rock)
What is true? How do we validate? Can we be certain? TRUTH
What is right and wrong? What do we owe others?
Metaphysics
Is there a God? What is real? What is the purpose?
Ontology
What does it mean to be...? (horse, rock)
PHILOSOPHY 1
The case against God-... Design faults, s…
The Darwinian theory-
An unfair God-
Scientists say that the universe is a…
Volcanoes, Famine, Floods, Droughts.
The idea that life developed and evolved from very simple str…
If miracles can happen, why isn't everyone healed?
The Big Bang
The case against God-... Design faults, s…
Volcanoes, Famine, Floods, Droughts.
The Darwinian theory-
The idea that life developed and evolved from very simple str…
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