Study sets matching "philosophy 7"

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Study sets matching "philosophy 7"

18 terms
Philosophy 7
intellectual habit
difference principle least
Hegel single context
Stoics pantheists natural
C.S. Pierce said that a belief is not some ____________ dispo…
Rawls' __________ __________ states that social and economic…
__________ asserted that one can't take a __________ action,…
The _________ were ___________ who held that the supreme crea…
intellectual habit
C.S. Pierce said that a belief is not some ____________ dispo…
difference principle least
Rawls' __________ __________ states that social and economic…
78 terms
Philosophy7
five branches of philosophy
constructive philosophy
analytical philosophy
famous rationalist
metaphysics - reality/existence/being... epistemology - knowledg…
attempt to develop body of doctrine or theories to offer syst…
attempt to define meanings of philosophically important conce…
Descartes
five branches of philosophy
metaphysics - reality/existence/being... epistemology - knowledg…
constructive philosophy
attempt to develop body of doctrine or theories to offer syst…
Philosophy 7
Compatibilism:
Determinism:
Evil as Privation:
The Existential Problem of Evil:
Living in a determinist system does not undermine the genuine…
Free will does not exist, because choices are determined by c…
Evil does not exist, but because existence is good, evil shou…
Feelings of betrayal and bitterness toward God about his fail…
Compatibilism:
Living in a determinist system does not undermine the genuine…
Determinism:
Free will does not exist, because choices are determined by c…
11 terms
philosophy 7
compatibilism
determinism
evil as privation
the existential problem of evil
living in a determinist system does not undermine the genuine…
free will does not exist, because choices are determined by c…
evil does not exist, but because existence is good, evil shou…
feelings of betrayal and bitterness toward God about his fail…
compatibilism
living in a determinist system does not undermine the genuine…
determinism
free will does not exist, because choices are determined by c…
Philosophy 7
Access consciousness (A-consciousness)
Blindsight
Dualism
Epiphenomenalism
States involved in cognition, representation, or control of b…
The real phenomenon in which some blind people are able to re…
There are two fundamental kinds of substances or properties i…
Mental events are caused by physical events, but have no effe…
Access consciousness (A-consciousness)
States involved in cognition, representation, or control of b…
Blindsight
The real phenomenon in which some blind people are able to re…
philosophy 7
before the fact
after the fact
analytic propositions
synthetic proposition
A priori
a posterior
-more info in the subject than in predicate. (True-by-definit…
-more info in the predicate than the subject (True-by-observa…
before the fact
A priori
after the fact
a posterior
Philosophy 7
Faith and reason are incompatible
Faith and reason converge
Faith and reason are complimentary:
The cosmological argument
• "What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?" Tertullian.... • Marti…
• "all truth is God's truth" ... • Christian apologists defended…
5 that follow
• Everything we observe in the world is dependent on conditio…
Faith and reason are incompatible
• "What has Athens to do with Jerusalem?" Tertullian.... • Marti…
Faith and reason converge
• "all truth is God's truth" ... • Christian apologists defended…
10 terms
Philosophy 7
Hermeneutics
Induction: inductive reasoning
Justification
Necessary and sufficient conditions
The discipline of interpretation of texts. Broadly conceived…
Induction is the process of inferring general conclusions (fo…
An attempt to defend a position or an act, to show that it is…
A is necessary and sufficient for B when A is both logically…
Hermeneutics
The discipline of interpretation of texts. Broadly conceived…
Induction: inductive reasoning
Induction is the process of inferring general conclusions (fo…
Philosophy 7
Metaphysicals
Epistemic privacy
Argument for Metaphysicals privacy
Argument for Metaphysicals privacy
private ownership of experience and inalianability (reality)
private/privilged knowledge of experience (knowledge)
I have my own pain. Therefore you can't have my pain
my pain is in me therefore you can't have my pain, therefore…
Metaphysicals
private ownership of experience and inalianability (reality)
Epistemic privacy
private/privilged knowledge of experience (knowledge)
Philosophy 7
What does the branch of philosophy cal…
What does the branch of philosophy cal…
What are Thales, Anaximenes and Anaxim…
According to Theano, what did Pythagor…
Being
Knowledge
The Milesians
Everything is in accordance with number.
What does the branch of philosophy cal…
Being
What does the branch of philosophy cal…
Knowledge
24 terms
Philosophy 7
dream argument
Types of Distinctions
extended substance
is the mind an extended substance?
Descartes believes: There's no way we know that we aren't dre…
Real, Modal, Reason/Conceptual
parts outside of parts
no
dream argument
Descartes believes: There's no way we know that we aren't dre…
Types of Distinctions
Real, Modal, Reason/Conceptual
32 terms
Philosophy 7
Othering
Deconstruction
Presence
Logocentrism
the process of identifying people as different in order to re…
the practice of unraveling meaning from written language to s…
the idea that the meaning of words is limited by the intentio…
Derrida's term for the tendency of philosophy to think of its…
Othering
the process of identifying people as different in order to re…
Deconstruction
the practice of unraveling meaning from written language to s…
29 terms
Philosophy 7
three components for determining wheth…
what is the object?
What is the intention?
what are the circumstances?
object ... intention... circumstances
the act itself
intention is the WHY
who... what... where... when
three components for determining wheth…
object ... intention... circumstances
what is the object?
the act itself
philosophy 7
aesthetic
askance
contemn
dolorous
adj- appreciative of beauty
adv- with a sideways glance; with disaproval or disgust
vt- to despise, to treat with contempt
adj- expressing or causing pain or sorrow
aesthetic
adj- appreciative of beauty
askance
adv- with a sideways glance; with disaproval or disgust
35 terms
Philosophy 7
Descartes
First Meditation, Ch 1 said
to be justified one must have a cleari…
certainty
philosopher, mathematician, and physicist
knowledge is justified true belief
about their belief
you have no doubt
Descartes
philosopher, mathematician, and physicist
First Meditation, Ch 1 said
knowledge is justified true belief
14 terms
Philosophy #7
knowledge
simple impressions
ideas
simple and complex ideas
All ____________ begins with sense perception
sensations themselves. Bits of sense data that enter into the…
copies that the mind makes of simple impressions in the mind
ideas are composed of _________
knowledge
All ____________ begins with sense perception
simple impressions
sensations themselves. Bits of sense data that enter into the…
Political Philosophy 7 #7
Multiculturalism
Cultural Identity
Exemptions
Secession
Refers to the fact of cultural diversity in a country; may al…
Refers to an individual's sense of belonging to a cultural or…
Refers to not being subject to a rule that normally applies t…
Describes the process in which a portion of a political commu…
Multiculturalism
Refers to the fact of cultural diversity in a country; may al…
Cultural Identity
Refers to an individual's sense of belonging to a cultural or…
Philosophy Chapter 7
Fallacies of Induction/Induction Fallacy
Generalizing from Too Few Cases/Hasty…
Argument by Anecdote
Population
An argument that is supposed to raise the probability of its…
A fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer tires to suppo…
A fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer tires to suppo…
An identifiable group of things.
Fallacies of Induction/Induction Fallacy
An argument that is supposed to raise the probability of its…
Generalizing from Too Few Cases/Hasty…
A fallacy that occurs when a speaker or writer tires to suppo…
10 terms
Chapter 7 philosophy
The contrast theodicy explains innocen…
The ontological argument for the exist…
Three Broad conceptions of god are cla…
An agnostic believes that while it is…
False
True
False
True
The contrast theodicy explains innocen…
False
The ontological argument for the exist…
True
71 terms
philosophy 7 final review
Descartes
Dreaming Doubt
Malin Genie Argument
Cognito Argument
philosopher through Meditations; begins by expelling all he c…
Descartes. how do we know we are not dreaming? all we are cur…
Descartes. how do we know we are not being deceived by an evi…
Descartes. even an evil demon could not make one doubt there…
Descartes
philosopher through Meditations; begins by expelling all he c…
Dreaming Doubt
Descartes. how do we know we are not dreaming? all we are cur…
22 terms
Week 7 Philosophy
Week 7
Who was Thucydides what kind of thinke…
What was Thucydides main contribution…
Thucydides history of Peloponnesian wa…
Week 7
Greek Historian and realist thinker
Wrote about histroy of Peloponnesian wars and concluded that…
"The strong do what they have the power to do and weak accept…
Week 7
Week 7
Who was Thucydides what kind of thinke…
Greek Historian and realist thinker
69 terms
Philosophy 7 Final
a posteriori (knowledge about the actu…
a priori (math, colors, shapes)
a priori and a posteriori
Evil Genie Argument
What kind of knowledge does the Dreaming Argument call into d…
What kind of knowledge doesn't the Dreaming Argument call int…
What kind of knowledge does the God Argument doubt?
This argument was created for those that might not believe th…
a posteriori (knowledge about the actu…
What kind of knowledge does the Dreaming Argument call into d…
a priori (math, colors, shapes)
What kind of knowledge doesn't the Dreaming Argument call int…
Philosophy Ch. 7
morality (right and wrong)
Philosopher Kings
Philosopher Kings, Guardians, and Arti…
psychological egoism
Ethics is the study of _____________.
According to Plato, a perfect society would be ruled by _____…
What were the 3 groups in Plato's idea of a perfect society?
This type of egoism states that every act IS motivated by sel…
morality (right and wrong)
Ethics is the study of _____________.
Philosopher Kings
According to Plato, a perfect society would be ruled by _____…
Philosophy 3.7
Determinism
La Place
John Hospers
Libertarianism
- no freedom... - determinists argue that previous events and th…
freedom is an illusion
- unconscious motivations such as Freud described determine a…
SATRE... - free will ... 1. humans are free and responsible... 2. dete…
Determinism
- no freedom... - determinists argue that previous events and th…
La Place
freedom is an illusion
27 terms
Philosophy Days 7-10
The problem of evil
natural evils vs. moral evils
J.L. Mackie's problem of evil
Mackie's adequate solutions
a family of objections to theism based on the idea that the p…
(suffering of innocents, divine hiddenness)
if God exists he's OP and OB, and would get rid of all evil i…
deny God is OP or OB or the existence of evil
The problem of evil
a family of objections to theism based on the idea that the p…
natural evils vs. moral evils
(suffering of innocents, divine hiddenness)
60 terms
Philosophy 1-7
Choosing/choice
Achievinf an end may be a matter of
You should be punished if you act under
We choose things that make us have a s…
Pertains to the means
Deciding on a means (deciding on something to get to the end)…
Compulsion (if you are responsible for your ignorance, then y…
Character
Choosing/choice
Pertains to the means
Achievinf an end may be a matter of
Deciding on a means (deciding on something to get to the end)…
14 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 1 Set 3
non sequitur
argue
quarrel
philos
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
Siblings ________________ when they have emotionally charge d…
The ancient Greek word ____________ means "loving."
non sequitur
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
argue
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
philosophy 6-7
fallacies
false cause
post hoc ergo propter
correlation
errors in reasoning
a fallacy that occurs when there is no real proof that one ev…
after this, therefore because of this
a relationship or connection between two objects or events
fallacies
errors in reasoning
false cause
a fallacy that occurs when there is no real proof that one ev…
17 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 1 Set 5
non sequitur
argue
quarrel
philos
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
Siblings ________________ when they have emotionally charge d…
The ancient Greek word ____________ means "loving."
non sequitur
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
argue
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
19 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 1 Set 6
non sequitur
argue
quarrel
philos
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
Siblings ________________ when they have emotionally charge d…
The ancient Greek word ____________ means "loving."
non sequitur
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
argue
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
15 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 1 Set 4
non sequitur
argue
quarrel
philos
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
Siblings ________________ when they have emotionally charge d…
The ancient Greek word ____________ means "loving."
non sequitur
The Latin phrase __________________________ means "it does no…
argue
Philosophers ________________ to provide rational reasons for…
15 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 2 Set 3
Appeal to Fear
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to Illegitimate Authority
Mob Appeal
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
An emotional appeal that distracts by attempting to shame the…
An emotional appeal that distracts by making the audience wan…
Appeal to Fear
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
Appeal to Pity
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
11 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 2 Set 2
Appeal to Fear
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to Illegitimate Authority
Mob Appeal
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
An emotional appeal that distracts by attempting to shame the…
An emotional appeal that distracts by making the audience wan…
Appeal to Fear
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
Appeal to Pity
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
17 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 2 Set 4
Appeal to Fear
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to Illegitimate Authority
Mob Appeal
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
An emotional appeal that distracts by attempting to shame the…
An emotional appeal that distracts by making the audience wan…
Appeal to Fear
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
Appeal to Pity
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
20 terms
Philosophy 7 Vocabulary Quarter 2 Set 5
Appeal to Fear
Appeal to Pity
Appeal to Illegitimate Authority
Mob Appeal
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
An emotional appeal that distracts by attempting to shame the…
An emotional appeal that distracts by making the audience wan…
Appeal to Fear
An argument that distracts the audience with a threat of harm…
Appeal to Pity
An emotional argument that distracts by making the audience f…
15 terms
Philosophy of Science 7
Ayer, Alfred Jules
Berkeley, George
Bridgman, Percy
Carnap, Rudolf
Propositions about 'matters of fact' can be meaningful only i…
We have no direct experience of matter. God simply produces i…
The procedures included in definitions should be repeatable b…
It is necessary to reduce talk of objects and such to experie…
Ayer, Alfred Jules
Propositions about 'matters of fact' can be meaningful only i…
Berkeley, George
We have no direct experience of matter. God simply produces i…
531 terms
Philosophy 5/7/2016
Aesthetics
Epistemology
Ethics
Logic
(art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste…
the theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its method…
is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defe…
The use of careful reasoning that follows the formulas of sta…
Aesthetics
(art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste…
Epistemology
the theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its method…
Political Philosophy 7 #11
Utopian Political Thinking
Environmental Citizenship
Participatory Justice
Self-Determination
Such theorizing advocates an ideal society, independent of th…
Conception of citizenship that involves responsibility for th…
Conception of justice that ensures the fair distribution of r…
View that each people or nation should have its own set of po…
Utopian Political Thinking
Such theorizing advocates an ideal society, independent of th…
Environmental Citizenship
Conception of citizenship that involves responsibility for th…
70 terms
Philosophy 7 UCLA
Brain in a Vat argument
Tim Crane
Ockham
Olivi
are we brains in a vat being controlled by an evil scientist?…
Thinking requires ... 1. Perspective (POV) ... 2. Objects... 3. Aspect…
-plurality of substantial forms in a human form= intellectual…
Sensing-attending to state of the sense organ either ... 1. Corp…
Brain in a Vat argument
are we brains in a vat being controlled by an evil scientist?…
Tim Crane
Thinking requires ... 1. Perspective (POV) ... 2. Objects... 3. Aspect…
Political Philosophy 7 #6
Consequentialism
Retributivist Theories
Customary International Norms
Universal Jursidiction
A moral theory that bases the rightness or wrongness of condu…
Theories of punishment according to which wrongdoers deserve…
These are norms that come from a general practice that is acc…
Criminal jurisdiction exercised on the basis of the principle…
Consequentialism
A moral theory that bases the rightness or wrongness of condu…
Retributivist Theories
Theories of punishment according to which wrongdoers deserve…
Political Philosophy 7 #14
Essentially Contested Concept
Elites
Power-Knowledge
Genealogy
Evaluative concepts whose proper use is contested, whefe such…
Relatively well defined groups of persons who possess the pow…
a term, introduced by Michel Foucalt, to register the point t…
A term, introduced by Nietzsche & adopted by Foucalt to refer…
Essentially Contested Concept
Evaluative concepts whose proper use is contested, whefe such…
Elites
Relatively well defined groups of persons who possess the pow…
Political Philosophy 7 #10
Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE)
Jus Ad Bellum
Asymmetric Wars
Collectivism
the claim that whilst one may not aim at harm, it can be perm…
the conditions that determine whether one may justly declare…
a war fought between a state and a non-state group, such as a…
the view that war is essentially a relationship between colle…
Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE)
the claim that whilst one may not aim at harm, it can be perm…
Jus Ad Bellum
the conditions that determine whether one may justly declare…
Political Philosophy 7 #13
usufruct
discount rate
sovereignty
segregation
in the civil law tradition, a full right to an object involve…
rate at which the value of future benefits and costs are redu…
supreme authority within a given geographical territory.
literally, this means separation of a group (or individuals)…
usufruct
in the civil law tradition, a full right to an object involve…
discount rate
rate at which the value of future benefits and costs are redu…
Political Philosophy #7
Anti-egalitarian Sufficientarianism
Principles of Social Justice
Basic Liberty Principle
Principle of Fair and Equality of Oppo…
sufficiency principle that attaches great importance to the u…
refer to norms that provide uncompromising, or especially wei…
principle of social justice defended by Rawls that restricts…
principle of social justic-advocated, inter alia, by Rawls-re…
Anti-egalitarian Sufficientarianism
sufficiency principle that attaches great importance to the u…
Principles of Social Justice
refer to norms that provide uncompromising, or especially wei…
21 terms
philosophi7
behalten
sinnlos
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unvermeidlich
megtart,őriz
értelmetlen
látszólag
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behalten
megtart,őriz
sinnlos
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Political Philosophy 7 #4
Democracy
Normative
Utilitarianism
Autonomy
Method of group decision-making that is characterized by a ki…
Concerned with how things ought to be or what people ought to…
Doctrine, of which there are many versions, that social insti…
Pertains when an individual can rationally choose his or her…
Democracy
Method of group decision-making that is characterized by a ki…
Normative
Concerned with how things ought to be or what people ought to…
Political Philosophy 7 #3
Liberty
Democracy
Modus Viviendi
Recognition
An individual has liberty in a purely descriptive sense in re…
Method of group decision making that is characterized by a ki…
Extemporary and contingent accommodation between two conflict…
Refers to the positive assertion of differences in the public…
Liberty
An individual has liberty in a purely descriptive sense in re…
Democracy
Method of group decision making that is characterized by a ki…
Political Philosophy 7 #5
Principles of Social Justice
Basic Liberty Principle
Principle of Fair Equality of Opportun…
Difference Principle
Refer to norms that provide uncompromising, or especially wei…
A principle of social justice defended by Rawls that restrict…
Principle of social-justice advocated, inter alia, by Rawls-r…
Principle of social justice advocated by Rawls that prohibits…
Principles of Social Justice
Refer to norms that provide uncompromising, or especially wei…
Basic Liberty Principle
A principle of social justice defended by Rawls that restrict…
Political Philosophy 7 #2
Liberty
Descriptive
Normative
Civil Society
An individual has liberty in a purely descriptive sense in re…
Concerned with how things actually are in the world or how th…
Concerned with how things ought to be or what people ought to…
Collection of voluntary associations in political societies t…
Liberty
An individual has liberty in a purely descriptive sense in re…
Descriptive
Concerned with how things actually are in the world or how th…
Political Philosophy 7 #9
Cosmopolitanism
Stoicism
Principle of Equal Basic Liberties
Difference Principle
adherents see themselves as citizens of the world - as member…
ancient Greek school of philosophy that emphasized the will a…
principle of social justice advocated by Rawls that grants in…
principle of social justice advocated by Rawls that prohibits…
Cosmopolitanism
adherents see themselves as citizens of the world - as member…
Stoicism
ancient Greek school of philosophy that emphasized the will a…
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