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Study sets matching "philosophy and ethics"

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Study sets matching "philosophy and ethics"

39 terms
Philosophy Ethics: Introductions
Normative Ethics
Divine Command Theory and the ends jus…
Value Theory
Happiness, autonomy
Concerned with determining right/wrong, moral/immoral, and th…
Examples of Normative Ethics
A part of ethics that tries to determine what is valuable in…
Examples of Value Theory
Normative Ethics
Concerned with determining right/wrong, moral/immoral, and th…
Divine Command Theory and the ends jus…
Examples of Normative Ethics
26 terms
Philosophy- Introduction to ethics
Valid argument supporting Utilitarian…
Support for premise 1.
1.Any act that promotes the General Happiness more than its a…
IT is rational to prefer to have more pleasure than les pleas…
Valid argument supporting Utilitarian…
1.Any act that promotes the General Happiness more than its a…
Support for premise 1.
IT is rational to prefer to have more pleasure than les pleas…
Philosophy and Ethics - Keyword Definitions - Equality
Prejudice
Stereotyping
Discrimination
Equality
A preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual…
The act of assigning certain characteristics to a specific gr…
Isolating acts against a specific person or group as a result…
The belief that everybody is equal (the same)
Prejudice
A preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual…
Stereotyping
The act of assigning certain characteristics to a specific gr…
29 terms
Philosophy Unit 3: Ethics
George Kateb
Ethicists
Ethos
Morals
"Moral philosophy is nothing but a tangle of troubles"
those that study ethics are called
Greek name for ethics
What is ethics is commonly associated with
George Kateb
"Moral philosophy is nothing but a tangle of troubles"
Ethicists
those that study ethics are called
13 terms
Philosophy and ethics 1
God is love
He writes her a divorce gives it to he…
He who finds a wife finds what is good
Therefore what God has joined together…
1 John 4:16
Deuteronomy 24:1-4
Proverbs 18:22
Mark 10:10
God is love
1 John 4:16
He writes her a divorce gives it to he…
Deuteronomy 24:1-4
17 terms
Philosophy And Ethics Mnemonics
What does the K in KORFPANE stand for?
What does the O in KORFPANE stand for?
What does the R in KORFPANE stand for?
What does the F in KORFPANE stand for?
Knowledge.
One.
Reasoning.
Fallacy.
What does the K in KORFPANE stand for?
Knowledge.
What does the O in KORFPANE stand for?
One.
75 terms
Philosophy and Social Ethics Midterm
Claims
Arguments
Premise
Validity
statements that are either true or false ... not imperative or e…
a set of sentences in which the premises are given as reasons…
A claim that is offered as a reason for another claim
an argument is valid when it is the case that: IF the premise…
Claims
statements that are either true or false ... not imperative or e…
Arguments
a set of sentences in which the premises are given as reasons…
49 terms
Philosophy & Ethics Midterm
Describe the MERITS model
Different components of the MERITS Model
Describe what is meant by cultural eth…
Machiavelli's philosophy centered on s…
a model for ethical decisions
stakeholders, values, duties, and philosophical base
Morals are only relative to the culture you live in
do unto others as they they do unto you, be as fierce as a li…
Describe the MERITS model
a model for ethical decisions
Different components of the MERITS Model
stakeholders, values, duties, and philosophical base
111 terms
A2 Philosophy - Ethics
arête
attitude
belief
Categorical Imperative
An 'excellence', or more specifically, a 'virtue' - a quality…
A mental state regarding how the world is or should be. A cog…
Affirmation of, or conviction regarding, the truth of a propo…
Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time…
arête
An 'excellence', or more specifically, a 'virtue' - a quality…
attitude
A mental state regarding how the world is or should be. A cog…
14 terms
Philosophy and Ethics- Nature of God
Positive traits of God
Negative traits of God
Monotheism
Omni-potent
Creative... Enjoys beauty... Clever... Forgiving... All knowing... Powerful
Vain... Unforgiving (A+E)... Bored... Cruel... Isolated... Childish... Taunting…
Belief in 1 God
All powerful
Positive traits of God
Creative... Enjoys beauty... Clever... Forgiving... All knowing... Powerful
Negative traits of God
Vain... Unforgiving (A+E)... Bored... Cruel... Isolated... Childish... Taunting…
30 terms
Philosophy - Ethics Key Words
Vivisection
Divorce
Marriage
Annulment
The practice of performing operations on live animals for the…
The legal 'ending' of a marriage
The legal joining of a couple in union
The legal invalidation of a marriage
Vivisection
The practice of performing operations on live animals for the…
Divorce
The legal 'ending' of a marriage
11 terms
What is Philosophy - Ethics
Greek Translation of Philosophy - Phil…
Philosophy is....
Conception is....
Conception in Philosophy is....
Love of Wisdom
a brief description of what a thing is; an explanation or sta…
a mental impression or image; general notion.
typically more robust than a definition.... (qua- in the charact…
Greek Translation of Philosophy - Phil…
Love of Wisdom
Philosophy is....
a brief description of what a thing is; an explanation or sta…
philosophy and social ethics 1004
3 branches of ethics
Meta -Ethics
3 parts of Meta-Ethics
Applied Ethics
meta-ethics... normative ethics... applied ethics
ethical properties
Epistemological- How do we know what is ethical?... Metaphysica…
Ethical dilemmas and issues that people face in real life... wh…
3 branches of ethics
meta-ethics... normative ethics... applied ethics
Meta -Ethics
ethical properties
30 terms
Ethics/Moral Philosophy
Normative Ethics
Metaethics
Aims to set down or give rules, direct…
Prescriptive-Ought
the study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophica…
branch of analytic philosophy that explores the status, found…
Normative Ethics
Normative Ethics
Normative Ethics
the study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophica…
Metaethics
branch of analytic philosophy that explores the status, found…
13 terms
Philosophy and ethics/ logical fallacies
Who is deontology?
Who is utilitarianism?
Who is ethical egoism?
Who is altruism?
Immanuel Kant
John Stuart Mill
Plato
Nussbaum
Who is deontology?
Immanuel Kant
Who is utilitarianism?
John Stuart Mill
8 terms
Philosophy and ethics - Cloning etc.
Embryology
STEM cells
Reproductive cloning
Therapeutic cloning
The study of embryos
Cells used to make other things -starter cells - building blo…
Creating a 'copy' of a person with their DNA and a different…
Using spare embryos to create stem cells with someone's DNA t…
Embryology
The study of embryos
STEM cells
Cells used to make other things -starter cells - building blo…
10 terms
Ethics Philosophy 8.24
what is the issue of calling philosoph…
Who said, "The unexamined life is not…
who defined philosophy as conceptual c…
what triggers philosophy as therapy?
if you can't directly define what love or wisdom is then how…
Socrates
Ludwig Wittgenstein
crisis
what is the issue of calling philosoph…
if you can't directly define what love or wisdom is then how…
Who said, "The unexamined life is not…
Socrates
15 terms
AS Philosophy Ethics
Utilitarianism
Principle of utility
Preference Utilitarianism
Jeremy Bentham
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that t…
Principle of utility states that actions or behaviours are ri…
Preference utilitarianism entails promoting actions that fulf…
Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was a British philosopher, jurist,…
Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that t…
Principle of utility
Principle of utility states that actions or behaviours are ri…
12 terms
Philosophy Ethics: Psychological Egoism
Psychological Egoism
Moral theory, motivation
False
Proof
Always seeking what we believe to be in our own (best) intere…
Psychological egoism is not a __. It is a psychological theor…
If psychological egoism is true, then everything we think abo…
If someone puts forth a position that goes against everything…
Psychological Egoism
Always seeking what we believe to be in our own (best) intere…
Moral theory, motivation
Psychological egoism is not a __. It is a psychological theor…
57 terms
Philosophy Ethics Exam
Utilitarianism
Utility Principle
Incommensurable
The Pleasure Principle
An action is right if and only if it promotes the greatest ha…
We ought to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good…
One thing cannot be judged by the same standard as something…
Good = Pleasure... Evil = Pain
Utilitarianism
An action is right if and only if it promotes the greatest ha…
Utility Principle
We ought to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good…
73 terms
philosophy 100- ethics
ethics
subdivisions of ethics (5)
applied ethics
other-regarding ethics
to engage in reflection, argument, discussion about what is m…
applied ethics, other-regarding ethics, self-regarding ethics…
dealing with individual moral problems. What should I do in t…
views concerning the sort of treatment we owe to other persons
ethics
to engage in reflection, argument, discussion about what is m…
subdivisions of ethics (5)
applied ethics, other-regarding ethics, self-regarding ethics…
22 terms
Human Relationships/ Philosophy and Ethics
What does contraception mean?
Name a form of contraception that migh…
Describe the attitude of some christia…
state on thing which takes place durin…
Methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy such as condoms…
The rhythm method- this involves planning sex around the most…
Sex outside of marriage always constitutes as a sin as sexual…
The couple make their promises that they will love, comfort,…
What does contraception mean?
Methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy such as condoms…
Name a form of contraception that migh…
The rhythm method- this involves planning sex around the most…
42 terms
The Fundamentals of Ethics (Philosophy)
Logic (Branch of Philosophy)
Metaphysics (Branch of Philosophy)
Epistemology (Branch of Philosophy)
Aesthetics (Branch of Philosophy)
analyses reason
what is reality/what really exists... ex: life after death - wh…
what is knowledge?
art and beauty
Logic (Branch of Philosophy)
analyses reason
Metaphysics (Branch of Philosophy)
what is reality/what really exists... ex: life after death - wh…
Intro To Ethics-Philosophy 104
moral philosophy (ethical theory)
applied ethics
prescriptivity
universalizability
the systematic effort to understand moral concepts and justif…
the controversial moral problems such as abortion, premarital…
the practical, or action-guiding, nature of morality
moral principles must apply to all people who are in a releva…
moral philosophy (ethical theory)
the systematic effort to understand moral concepts and justif…
applied ethics
the controversial moral problems such as abortion, premarital…
34 terms
Philosophy of Ethics Final
Gender essentialism
patriarchy
oppression
moral objectivism
social structures are the way they are because that's how men…
social system in which males hold primary power, dominant rol…
in a social system, the subordination, exploitation, and mist…
moral universalism, there is a single, objectively true moral…
Gender essentialism
social structures are the way they are because that's how men…
patriarchy
social system in which males hold primary power, dominant rol…
65 terms
Philosophy 301 Ethics Volbrecht
gender essentialism
patriarchy
oppression
the incontinence
reflecting on the differences between men and women based on…
a system of male authority that oppresses women through socia…
structural phenomena that immobilizes/diminishes a group; roo…
knows the right action, but doesn't do it; an integration of…
gender essentialism
reflecting on the differences between men and women based on…
patriarchy
a system of male authority that oppresses women through socia…
Philosophy Terms - Ethics
Philosophy
Ethics
Epistemology
Metaphysics
the pursuit of wisdom (whatever wisdom may mean)
the study of one's moral code, of right and wrong
the study of knowledge, of acquired knowledge, what is truth…
the study of reality, existence, space, time
Philosophy
the pursuit of wisdom (whatever wisdom may mean)
Ethics
the study of one's moral code, of right and wrong
15 terms
Philosophy 1B - Moral Ethics
First order (Normative) ethics
Second order ethics (metaethics)
Judgement
Objective judgement
What is morally right/wrong ?
Can anything be described as objectively, truly, right/wrong ?
Anything that is true or false, sentences or beliefs
Judgement (not necessarily proven or provable) about the worl…
First order (Normative) ethics
What is morally right/wrong ?
Second order ethics (metaethics)
Can anything be described as objectively, truly, right/wrong ?
Philosophy of Ethics terms
Ultimate End
Ethics
Happiness
Human Acts/Human Action
Happiness/Living well.
Concerned with the study of human acts in order to achieve th…
...
Something that is chosen-a conscious choice. Choosing to grow…
Ultimate End
Happiness/Living well.
Ethics
Concerned with the study of human acts in order to achieve th…
100 terms
Intro to ethics/ philosophy
THE RING OF GYGES
STRONG MOTIVATIONAL HEDONISM (Look up…
GLOUCON
APPLIED ETHICS
The shepherd who used the powers of an invisibility ring to s…
The psychological theory that all behavior is governed by the…
The character in Plato's Republic who believes that men are j…
The branch of ethics that is concerned with the application o…
THE RING OF GYGES
The shepherd who used the powers of an invisibility ring to s…
STRONG MOTIVATIONAL HEDONISM (Look up…
The psychological theory that all behavior is governed by the…
27 terms
Philosophy 335: applied ethics
Marquis' problems with the standard pr…
Marquis' problems with the pro choice…
Deprivation theory (wrongness of killi…
Support for Deprivation Theory
It is too restrictive in extending the right to life in order…
It is too permissive "all humans have a right to life" - but…
It is prima facie wrong to kill someone because, in doing so,…
1. explains wrongness of killing in terms of person who is ki…
Marquis' problems with the standard pr…
It is too restrictive in extending the right to life in order…
Marquis' problems with the pro choice…
It is too permissive "all humans have a right to life" - but…
37 terms
Philosophy: Intro To Ethics Final
Utilitarianism
Kantian
Speciesism
Tardiff's argument for vegetarianism
An action is wrong when it creates more overall suffering, ri…
Actions are right when they obey the Universal Law and wrong…
the idea that being human is a good enough reason for human a…
...
Utilitarianism
An action is wrong when it creates more overall suffering, ri…
Kantian
Actions are right when they obey the Universal Law and wrong…
202 terms
Philosophy 1300: Ethics
If an argument is sound, then
If God exists, then all is well.... God…
We concluded in class that rule utilit…
According to Rule Utilitarianism, just…
its conclusion can't be false.... AND its premises are all true.
invalid; denying the antecedent
True
False
If an argument is sound, then
its conclusion can't be false.... AND its premises are all true.
If God exists, then all is well.... God…
invalid; denying the antecedent
31 terms
Philosophy 1175: Intro to ethics
For Aristotle, what is life's master g…
State the Euthyphyro Problem
Consequentialist Moral Theory
Basic Principles of the natural law as…
Eudoimonia (happiness)
Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally…
Determines the rightness of an act by its outcome
1)one's existence is good... 2)existence of others is good ... 3)it…
For Aristotle, what is life's master g…
Eudoimonia (happiness)
State the Euthyphyro Problem
Are morally good acts willed by God because they are morally…
17 terms
Philosophy (intro to ethics)
Kant
Ring of Gyges
Socrates' moral arguments
Aristotle
Duty: what we ought to do... Duty determined by reason rather t…
People are shitty and will commit unjust acts if they know th…
live rightly... never do wrong... keep agreements
All actions aim at some end or good... Highest good is happiness…
Kant
Duty: what we ought to do... Duty determined by reason rather t…
Ring of Gyges
People are shitty and will commit unjust acts if they know th…
24 terms
Situation Ethics - AS Philosophy
Name the three approaches to Morality
Define Legalism
Define Antinomianism
Define Situationism
Legalism, Antinomianism, Situationism
A conservative, rule based morality. Example - the decalogue
Polar opposite to legalism. There are no rules or maxims. Thi…
A midway between Antinomianism and Legalism. A situationist a…
Name the three approaches to Morality
Legalism, Antinomianism, Situationism
Define Legalism
A conservative, rule based morality. Example - the decalogue
109 terms
Philosophy and ethic Scholars and Ideas
God's effects.. Are enough to prove th…
For motion is nothing else than the re…
'It is necessary to arrive at a first…
Therefore it is necessary to admit a f…
Aquinas
Aquinas
Aquinas
Aquinas
God's effects.. Are enough to prove th…
Aquinas
For motion is nothing else than the re…
Aquinas
12 terms
Philosophy and Ethics Revision
Stereotypying
Discrimination
Scapegoating
Ahimsa
...
...
...
Act of non violence and respect for all life
Stereotypying
...
Discrimination
...
61 terms
Philosophy Quiz 3- Ethics
Origin of Morality
Supernatural
Natural Law
Innate Value of the Living
The issue of "I" vs "we"... 1)Supernatural... 2)Natural Law... 3)Inna…
10 commandments, God
Law of Physics, something is inherently wrong with 'murder'
Focuses on life, the virtue of it
Origin of Morality
The issue of "I" vs "we"... 1)Supernatural... 2)Natural Law... 3)Inna…
Supernatural
10 commandments, God
22 terms
Philosophy and Ethics key words
Media
Addiction
Evangelical
Pornography
stuff people use to communicate with/on
when the body has to have something and can't function proper…
Christians showing their beliefs trying to convert people to…
explicit adult content: sexual photos and videos
Media
stuff people use to communicate with/on
Addiction
when the body has to have something and can't function proper…
16 terms
Bible - Philosophy and Ethics
Philosophy
Truth
Epistemology
Science
the study of truth, knowledge and the nature of ultimate real…
a thought, statement, or belief that correctly reflects the r…
the study of how we know what we know
a means of investigating the world through empirical observat…
Philosophy
the study of truth, knowledge and the nature of ultimate real…
Truth
a thought, statement, or belief that correctly reflects the r…
8 terms
Ethics and Philosophy: Drugs.
• Heroin... • Ecstasy... • LSD... • Cocaine
• Amphetamines... • Cannabis... • Codeine... •…
• Anabolic steroids... • Tranquillisers... •…
• Disabilities... • Physical illness... • Me…
Class A drugs
Class B drugs
Class C drugs
Effects of drugs
• Heroin... • Ecstasy... • LSD... • Cocaine
Class A drugs
• Amphetamines... • Cannabis... • Codeine... •…
Class B drugs
10 terms
Philosophy and Ethics Key Terms
prejudice
stereotyping
discrimination
equality
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual ex…
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a…
the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories o…
the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or op…
prejudice
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual ex…
stereotyping
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a…
5 terms
divisions of philosophy/metaphysics to ethics
Logic
Aesthetics
metaphysics
ethics
structure of an argument/reason of argument
dealing with beauti/art/establishing criteria to determine
existence/reality
values-reasons to support moral philosophy
Logic
structure of an argument/reason of argument
Aesthetics
dealing with beauti/art/establishing criteria to determine
12 terms
Ethics and Philosophy: Abortion.
An ________ is the ending of a pregnan…
• Necessary to save mothers life.... • Ne…
• Contraception... • Avoiding sexual cont…
• Adoption... • Financial support... • Couns…
Abortion
Reasons abortion is available for
Ways to avoid pregnancy
Alternatives to abortion
An ________ is the ending of a pregnan…
Abortion
• Necessary to save mothers life.... • Ne…
Reasons abortion is available for
64 terms
Philosophy and ethics revision
Worship
Idols
Prayers
Denomination
Expression of feelings towards God
Models or images of God used in worship
Communications with God
A branch of Christianity
Worship
Expression of feelings towards God
Idols
Models or images of God used in worship
25 terms
Philosophy 223; Intro to Ethics
Moral Philosophy
The Minimum Concept of Morality
Cultural Relativism
Simple Subjectivism
The study of what morality is and what it requires of us.
Morality is, at the very least, the effort to guide one's con…
There is no such thing as universal truth in ethics; there ar…
Our moral opinions are based on our feelings and nothing more.
Moral Philosophy
The study of what morality is and what it requires of us.
The Minimum Concept of Morality
Morality is, at the very least, the effort to guide one's con…
12 terms
Philosophy Deontological Ethics
Deontological Ethics
Good will
Kant's First Proposition of Morality
Second Propositions of Morality:
As opposed to Consequentialist Ethics evaluation of actions i…
Kant: Good will is the only thing in the world which is uncon…
An act must be done from a sense of duty to have moral worth…
An action done out of duty derives its moral worth, not from…
Deontological Ethics
As opposed to Consequentialist Ethics evaluation of actions i…
Good will
Kant: Good will is the only thing in the world which is uncon…
8 terms
Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics
utilitarianism
consequentialism
virtue ethics
deontological ethics
prominent ethical theory that says we should act in ways to b…
view that the goodness or badness of an action is determined…
the view that the moral and ethical value of actions or choic…
an ethical theory that argues that moral and ethical acts are…
utilitarianism
prominent ethical theory that says we should act in ways to b…
consequentialism
view that the goodness or badness of an action is determined…
45 terms
Philosophy 201 Ethics Test
Utilitarianism
Utility Principle
Proportionalism
Pleasure principle
Doing the greatest good for the greatest amount of people
Ought to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good ov…
Utility principle
Good= Pleasure and Evil=Pain
Utilitarianism
Doing the greatest good for the greatest amount of people
Utility Principle
Ought to act so as to promote the greatest balance of good ov…
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