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Study sets matching "philosophy and intro ethics"

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Study sets matching "philosophy and intro ethics"

26 terms
Philosophy- Introduction to ethics
Valid argument supporting Utilitarian…
Support for premise 1.
1.Any act that promotes the General Happiness more than its a…
IT is rational to prefer to have more pleasure than les pleas…
Valid argument supporting Utilitarian…
1.Any act that promotes the General Happiness more than its a…
Support for premise 1.
IT is rational to prefer to have more pleasure than les pleas…
8 terms
Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics
utilitarianism
consequentialism
virtue ethics
deontological ethics
prominent ethical theory that says we should act in ways to b…
view that the goodness or badness of an action is determined…
the view that the moral and ethical value of actions or choic…
an ethical theory that argues that moral and ethical acts are…
utilitarianism
prominent ethical theory that says we should act in ways to b…
consequentialism
view that the goodness or badness of an action is determined…
19 terms
1. Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics.
What does philosophy mean?
What does mythos mean?
Philosopher means?
What does philosophy originate from?
It's Greek and means 'Love of wisdom'.
Story
lover of wisdom
From struggle and conflict.... - from reflection, shame, anxiet…
What does philosophy mean?
It's Greek and means 'Love of wisdom'.
What does mythos mean?
Story
Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics
philosophy
subject matter of philosophy
method used in philosophy
major branches of philosophy
"the love of wisdom"
1. the most fundamental and universal issues of human life, i…
1. "love" -- an attitude of desire for and openness to the tr…
1. metaphysics... 2. epistemology... 3. aesthetics... 4. ethics
philosophy
"the love of wisdom"
subject matter of philosophy
1. the most fundamental and universal issues of human life, i…
16 terms
Introduction to Philosophy and Ethics
philosophy
subject matter of philosophy
method used in philosophy
major branches of philosophy
"the love of wisdom"
1. the most fundamental and universal issues of human life, i…
1. "love" -- an attitude of desire for and openness to the tr…
1. metaphysics... 2. epistemology... 3. aesthetics... 4. ethics
philosophy
"the love of wisdom"
subject matter of philosophy
1. the most fundamental and universal issues of human life, i…
36 terms
Introduction to Philosophy: Ethical Theories
Logical Positivism
Principle of Verification
emotivism
Ethical Relativism
20th C. Ethics. They are emotivists and hyper-empiricists.
Used by emotivists. A claim is cognitively meaningful if, and…
Moral propositions make no claims about reality, but rahter,…
The individual is the source and criterion of moral judgments…
Logical Positivism
20th C. Ethics. They are emotivists and hyper-empiricists.
Principle of Verification
Used by emotivists. A claim is cognitively meaningful if, and…
13 terms
Introduction to Philosophy: Ethical Theorists
Founded Existensialism
Affrimed Existentialism again in the 2…
Sartre's Absurdity of Existence
Do Determinism and Existentialism Cont…
Soren Kierkegaard
Jean Paul Sartre
No essences that determine human... action... Rather, actions deter…
Yes, exactly.
Founded Existensialism
Soren Kierkegaard
Affrimed Existentialism again in the 2…
Jean Paul Sartre
39 terms
Philosophy Ethics: Introductions
Normative Ethics
Divine Command Theory and the ends jus…
Value Theory
Happiness, autonomy
Concerned with determining right/wrong, moral/immoral, and th…
Examples of Normative Ethics
A part of ethics that tries to determine what is valuable in…
Examples of Value Theory
Normative Ethics
Concerned with determining right/wrong, moral/immoral, and th…
Divine Command Theory and the ends jus…
Examples of Normative Ethics
10 terms
Philosophy Quiz 1 - Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, and Logic
What is the difference between a presc…
What did your professor say about chea…
What is the etymological root of Logic?
What is the name of your instructor?
A prescriptive statement states what you should do and a desc…
If you're going to cheat, cheat well.
Logos (to give an account).
Dr. Kravet.
What is the difference between a presc…
A prescriptive statement states what you should do and a desc…
What did your professor say about chea…
If you're going to cheat, cheat well.
Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, and the Law Chapter 1
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
Menes
came up with the famous "... Method". The idea is humans lear…
sees a republic as the best form of government. Student of So…
His philosophic thoughts are still an object of academic stud…
he strongly controlled the government. Everyone was subject t…
Socrates
came up with the famous "... Method". The idea is humans lear…
Plato
sees a republic as the best form of government. Student of So…
Introduction to Philosophy, Ethics, and the Law Chapter 1
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
Menes
came up with the famous "... Method". The idea is humans lear…
sees a republic as the best form of government. Student of So…
His philosophic thoughts are still an object of academic stud…
he strongly controlled the government. Everyone was subject t…
Socrates
came up with the famous "... Method". The idea is humans lear…
Plato
sees a republic as the best form of government. Student of So…
Introduction to Philosophy Chapter 7- Ethics: Social and Political Philosophy
Ethics
Cognitivist Theories
Imperativist Theories
Emotivist Theories
attempts to make theoretical sense out of our classification…
ethical judgments are true or false, that there are moral tru…
ethical judgments are really rules, and are neither true or f…
ethical judgments are exclamations of feeling. (177)
Ethics
attempts to make theoretical sense out of our classification…
Cognitivist Theories
ethical judgments are true or false, that there are moral tru…
43 terms
Introduction to Philosophy Chapter 7- Ethics: Social and Political Philosophy
Ethics
Cognitivist Theories
Imperativist Theories
Emotivist Theories
attempts to make theoretical sense out of our classification…
ethical judgments are true or false, that there are moral tru…
ethical judgments are really rules, and are neither true or f…
ethical judgments are exclamations of feeling. (177)
Ethics
attempts to make theoretical sense out of our classification…
Cognitivist Theories
ethical judgments are true or false, that there are moral tru…
53 terms
Office Practice and Ethics - Chapter 1 - Introduction to moral philosophy & moral reasoning
concerned with individual acts; exampl…
Deontology
duty
The discipline that consists of though…
Act Utilitarian =
This normative ethics theme emphasizes duties
This is an act or obligation that has to be done or ought to…
Ethics is __?
concerned with individual acts; exampl…
Act Utilitarian =
Deontology
This normative ethics theme emphasizes duties
33 terms
Introduction to Ethics
values
practical question
normative ethics
practical conclusion
personal, things that we find to be important or valuable
something happening in reality, answer is a practical conclus…
is a theoretical approach to solve practical questions
the response to a practical question, must be an action
values
personal, things that we find to be important or valuable
practical question
something happening in reality, answer is a practical conclus…
22 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Philosophy
Socrates
Plato
Dialogues
the process of trying to find the answers to fundamental ques…
the archetypal philosopher; he prided himself on being the wi…
Socrates' pupil
a device philosophers used to present their ideas, giving arg…
Philosophy
the process of trying to find the answers to fundamental ques…
Socrates
the archetypal philosopher; he prided himself on being the wi…
14 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Philosophy
Branches of Philosophy
Epistemology
Metaphysics
...the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge and reali…
The four main branches of philosophy are: Epistemology, Metap…
...explores the questions: How do we know? Is science a relia…
...explores the question what exists and is real? Other quest…
Philosophy
...the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge and reali…
Branches of Philosophy
The four main branches of philosophy are: Epistemology, Metap…
77 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Socrates
Sophists
Socrate's beliefs
Socrates fate
Teacher of Plato. (470-399 B.CE.)
A varied and unorganized group of thinkers and teachers who t…
Some beliefs are objectively true and others are objectively…
Put to death in 399 B.C.E. for corrupting the youth of Athens.
Socrates
Teacher of Plato. (470-399 B.CE.)
Sophists
A varied and unorganized group of thinkers and teachers who t…
77 terms
Philosophy (Ethics)
ethics
morals
theories of action
theories of character
Greek origin, "ethos", meaning character
Latin origin, "mores", meaning character, custom, habit
-guiding principle... -questions of how people ought to act
questions good and bad character traits
ethics
Greek origin, "ethos", meaning character
morals
Latin origin, "mores", meaning character, custom, habit
21 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Faith
Reason
Rational
Deductive
A strong or unshakeable belief in something without the need…
The mental powers to form conclusions, judgments, or inferenc…
Beliefs are based on reason or logic
Reasoning based on a priori evidence
Faith
A strong or unshakeable belief in something without the need…
Reason
The mental powers to form conclusions, judgments, or inferenc…
8 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Branch of Philosophy Dealing with Know…
belief that we can know nothing at all…
type of knowledge that a particular st…
type of knowledge that allows a person…
epistomology
radical skepticism
propositional knowledge
ability knowledge
Branch of Philosophy Dealing with Know…
epistomology
belief that we can know nothing at all…
radical skepticism
22 terms
Philosophy- Ethics
Premises
Conclusion
Argument
Good argument
The statements which provide the evidence or supporting reaso…
The statement for which evidence or supporting reasons are gi…
A set of statements, one of which is the conclusion, & the ot…
An argument in which the premises are true and the conclusion…
Premises
The statements which provide the evidence or supporting reaso…
Conclusion
The statement for which evidence or supporting reasons are gi…
53 terms
Office Practice and Ethics - Chapter 1 - Introduction to moral philosophy & moral reasoning
Act Utilitarian =
This normative ethics theme emphasizes…
This is an act or obligation that has…
Ethics is __?
concerned with individual acts; example-keeping promises
Deontology
duty
The discipline that consists of thoughts & ideas about morali…
Act Utilitarian =
concerned with individual acts; example-keeping promises
This normative ethics theme emphasizes…
Deontology
20 terms
Philosophy 1175 Introduction to Ethics Final Exam (Test 3)
What is the question of value asked in…
According to our author, what is the c…
According to Aristotle, what is the fi…
What is the fundamental feature of a h…
Is there anything that has value in itself besides pleasure o…
Whether or not there are any universal truths of practical re…
Well-being
Intent
What is the question of value asked in…
Is there anything that has value in itself besides pleasure o…
According to our author, what is the c…
Whether or not there are any universal truths of practical re…
27 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Aquinas Date
Aquinas Book
Paley date
Paley Book
13th century
Summa Theologica
18th century
Natural Theology
Aquinas Date
13th century
Aquinas Book
Summa Theologica
22 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Philosophy
Socrates
Plato
Dialogues
the process of trying to find the answers to fundamental ques…
the archetypal philosopher; he prided himself on being the wi…
Socrates' pupil
a device philosophers used to present their ideas, giving arg…
Philosophy
the process of trying to find the answers to fundamental ques…
Socrates
the archetypal philosopher; he prided himself on being the wi…
11 terms
Philosophy Introduction
Atheism
Cosmogony
Cosmology
epistemology
the rejection of all religious explanation or constraints
theories about the origins of the world
theories about the nature of the world
theory of knowledge
Atheism
the rejection of all religious explanation or constraints
Cosmogony
theories about the origins of the world
Introduction to Philosophy
modern philosophy
empiricism
idealism
existentialism
is a discipline that focuses on the study and application of…
is a philosophical belief that states your knowledge of the w…
refers to the group of philosophies which assert that reality…
is generally considered to be the philosophical and cultural…
modern philosophy
is a discipline that focuses on the study and application of…
empiricism
is a philosophical belief that states your knowledge of the w…
8 terms
Philosophy & Ethics
Dominion
Stewardship
Discrimination
Prejudice
Authority and power.
Responsibility of looking after something you have dominion o…
Treating someone unfairly due to personal prejudice.
Judging somebody without a reason before you know them.
Dominion
Authority and power.
Stewardship
Responsibility of looking after something you have dominion o…
16 terms
Philosophy Ethics
Ethics
Typical Questions
Absolutism
Relativism
concerned with human will, action, and responsibility, evalua…
Are there objective rules for moral conduct?... On what grounds…
there are universal moral standards
No moral standards exist universally
Ethics
concerned with human will, action, and responsibility, evalua…
Typical Questions
Are there objective rules for moral conduct?... On what grounds…
12 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Socrates' famous quote about life
Two-word Greek definition of "philosop…
Long definition of philosophy
What does the History of Philosophy st…
"The unexamined life is not worth living."
Love wisdom
A reasoned pursuit of fundamental truths, a quest for underst…
People and movements
Socrates' famous quote about life
"The unexamined life is not worth living."
Two-word Greek definition of "philosop…
Love wisdom
29 terms
Introduction to Ethics
Ethics
Value Theory
Normative Ethics
Metaethics
is also known as - Moral Philosophy
What is the Good Life? What is Worth pursuing for its own sak…
What are our fundamental & moral duties? Which character trai…
- What is the Status of Moral Claims & Advice?... - Can Ethical…
Ethics
is also known as - Moral Philosophy
Value Theory
What is the Good Life? What is Worth pursuing for its own sak…
64 terms
Introduction to philosophy
An agnostic believes
An atheist believe
Anthropomorphism refers to the nation…
The belief that there is more than one…
There may or may not be a God
There's no God
Humans
Polytheism
An agnostic believes
There may or may not be a God
An atheist believe
There's no God
39 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Abortion
Euthanasia
Near Death Experience
Paranormal
The removal of a foetus from a womb before it can survive
The painless killing of someone dying from a painful disease.
When someone who is about to die has an out of body experience.
Unexplained thing which are said to have spiritual causes e.g…
Abortion
The removal of a foetus from a womb before it can survive
Euthanasia
The painless killing of someone dying from a painful disease.
10 terms
Philosophy (Introduction)
atheism
cosmogony
cosmology
ontology
the rejection of all religious explanations/constraints
theories about the origins of the world
theories about the nature of the world
theory of being
atheism
the rejection of all religious explanations/constraints
cosmogony
theories about the origins of the world
20 terms
Ethics Introduction (Lubbers)
Ethics
Ethical Principals
Deontology
Conscience
Also known as "moral philosophy" which asks foundational ques…
Refers to those general judgments that serve as a justificati…
The ethical theory that judges the morality of an action base…
An inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action
Ethics
Also known as "moral philosophy" which asks foundational ques…
Ethical Principals
Refers to those general judgments that serve as a justificati…
63 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Argument
Premise
Logic
Rhetoric
Is defined as a process of reasoning from one step to another…
A starting point for an argument. Generally non controversial…
The study of what makes a good argument and the nature of goo…
The study of persuasion.
Argument
Is defined as a process of reasoning from one step to another…
Premise
A starting point for an argument. Generally non controversial…
12 terms
Introduction (Philosophy)
Reason
Inner Life
Communication
Self-Determination
Makes man a rational being
Makes man a spiritual being
Man communicates both visible and invisible
Power of the Will
Reason
Makes man a rational being
Inner Life
Makes man a spiritual being
21 terms
Introduction to Philosophy/Branches of Philosophy
Greek terms philos meaning "to love" a…
Philosophy
Jacques Maritain
The 'practical' man
Etymology of Philosophy.
It is the study of nature of knowledge, existence, and reality.
He said that "Philosophy is the science by which the natural…
He is a man described as one who recognizes only material nee…
Greek terms philos meaning "to love" a…
Etymology of Philosophy.
Philosophy
It is the study of nature of knowledge, existence, and reality.
20 terms
Introduction to Ethics
Fallacy
Teleological
Deontological
Consequential
The use of invalid or faulty reasoning.
Moral actions are right or wrong according to their outcome o…
Ethical systems which consider that the moral act itself has…
The rightness or wrongness of an act is determined by its con…
Fallacy
The use of invalid or faulty reasoning.
Teleological
Moral actions are right or wrong according to their outcome o…
13 terms
Philosophy introduction
what is philosophy?
The Ancient Greek word "philosophia" w…
how can philosophy be divided?
what are the 2 styles of philosophy ?
the study of the general and fundamental nature of reality, e…
coined by Pythagoras and literally means "love of wisdom."
chronologically (e.g., ancient and modern); by ... topic (e.g.,…
Analytical and continental philosophy
what is philosophy?
the study of the general and fundamental nature of reality, e…
The Ancient Greek word "philosophia" w…
coined by Pythagoras and literally means "love of wisdom."
24 terms
INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY
what does sophia mean?
pythagoras
Aristotle
Thales
love of wisdom
who invented the word philosophy
Father of Biology
Father of Western Philosophy
what does sophia mean?
love of wisdom
pythagoras
who invented the word philosophy
25 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Metaphysics
Cosmology
Theology
Anthropology
the nature of being... "what is real?"
time, space, purposefulness of the universe
god
nature of the human
Metaphysics
the nature of being... "what is real?"
Cosmology
time, space, purposefulness of the universe
109 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
philo
sophia
philosophy
metaphysics
love
wisdom
the search for truth
the study of ultimate reality or the nature of reality
philo
love
sophia
wisdom
Introduction to philosophy
Five areas of philosophy
everything is water
things emerge and take on limits
reality equals small units (atoms)
ethics, logic, metaphysics, epistemology, aesthetics
Thales
Anaximander
Democritus
Five areas of philosophy
ethics, logic, metaphysics, epistemology, aesthetics
everything is water
Thales
43 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
First-order language
Second-order language
Socratic method
Philosophical argument
A specific statement or question about an observation or event
Language that is used to discuss and clarify first-order lang…
A question and answer process used to zero in on knowledge by…
A debate between two or more people who present reasoned idea…
First-order language
A specific statement or question about an observation or event
Second-order language
Language that is used to discuss and clarify first-order lang…
94 terms
Introduction to Philosophy
Why is existentialism a "victim" philo…
why is the "leap of faith" important f…
Kierkegaard says that objectivity has…
what are the three modes of philosophi…
one must take responsibility of their own actions
ultimately no justification for the belief in eternal life an…
subjectivity is the truth. what it is, depends on how we feel…
religious - faith ... ethical - duty to do good/rational ... aesthe…
Why is existentialism a "victim" philo…
one must take responsibility of their own actions
why is the "leap of faith" important f…
ultimately no justification for the belief in eternal life an…
10 terms
Philosophy and Ethics
Prejudice
Stereotype
Discrimination
Equality
Prejudice is prejudgment, or forming an opinion before becomi…
A generalization, usually exaggerated or oversimplified and o…
Behavior targeted at individuals or groups and intended to ho…
situation in which all people are treated the same and valued…
Prejudice
Prejudice is prejudgment, or forming an opinion before becomi…
Stereotype
A generalization, usually exaggerated or oversimplified and o…
27 terms
Philosophy Introduction
Proverbs 4: 23
Your _____ of life determines your ___…
Your philosophy influences your: (3)
Truth
Philosophy is important;... Out of the heart are the issues of l…
philosophy; philosophy; education
(1) Methods of instruction... (2) Discipline... (3) Curriculum
Absolute truth (Bible
Proverbs 4: 23
Philosophy is important;... Out of the heart are the issues of l…
Your _____ of life determines your ___…
philosophy; philosophy; education
11 terms
Philosophy introduction
PHILOSOPHY
ARCHETYPE
PHILOSOPHICAL ARCHETYPE
RELATIVISM
from greek roots meaning "the love of wisdom"
a basic image that represents our conception of the essence o…
A philosopher who represents an original or influential point…
the belief that knowledge is determined by specific qualities…
PHILOSOPHY
from greek roots meaning "the love of wisdom"
ARCHETYPE
a basic image that represents our conception of the essence o…
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