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Study sets matching "philosophy plato"

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Study sets matching "philosophy plato"

10 terms
Philosophy-Plato
What did Plato use the cave story for?
Plato background:
A priori
A form is
Plato used the cave story to explain the importance of questi…
-Plato was the student of Socrates ... -Plato was Aristotle's te…
Knowledge gained through reason and understanding.... -e.g. only…
The Form is not a shape, it is the essence of an object.
What did Plato use the cave story for?
Plato used the cave story to explain the importance of questi…
Plato background:
-Plato was the student of Socrates ... -Plato was Aristotle's te…
12 terms
Philosophy - Plato
Plato
constant
essential Form of Goodness
eternal
while Plato discussed Forms of beds and trees, Plato used the…
The forms do not change
The essential Form of goodness animates the Forms and all life
the Forms exist outside this temporal world
Plato
while Plato discussed Forms of beds and trees, Plato used the…
constant
The forms do not change
26 terms
Philosophy - Plato
Metaphysics
Epistemology
Ethics
Other branches of philosophy
the study of existence
the study of what we can know
the study of what we do
politic philosophy, aesthetics, metaethics
Metaphysics
the study of existence
Epistemology
the study of what we can know
26 terms
Philosophy: Plato
Objection:... How:
Cephelus
Hurt:... Harm:
Thrasymacus
define justice... Find the form of justice
Moderation ... Many masters
Good... Bad
Sheep wolf... Advantage of stronger
Objection:... How:
define justice... Find the form of justice
Cephelus
Moderation ... Many masters
15 terms
Philosophy - Plato
philosophers that influenced Plato
How did Socrates influence Plato?
Heraclitus
Heraclitus' Metaphysics
Socrates... Herclitus... Parmenides... Pythagoras
Socratic Method... Moral Imperative
Monist - believed all things came from one element - FIRE... "Pa…
"reality is change" - no such thing as stability, everything…
philosophers that influenced Plato
Socrates... Herclitus... Parmenides... Pythagoras
How did Socrates influence Plato?
Socratic Method... Moral Imperative
16 terms
Philosophy - Plato
Plato's teacher
Socrates said...
Heraclitus said...
Plato was against the empirical view o…
Socrates
To be moral you have to have true knowledge: to know what is…
"You can never step into the same time twice"
He said our senses could not be trusted because the world is…
Plato's teacher
Socrates
Socrates said...
To be moral you have to have true knowledge: to know what is…
24 terms
Philosophy - Plato
PLATO
PLATO'S PHILOSOPHY
THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE SYMBOLISES
THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE
Was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was h…
Based on reasoning
The contrast between people who see appearances and mistake t…
Imagine prisoners in a cave. They are chained to the floor so…
PLATO
Was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was h…
PLATO'S PHILOSOPHY
Based on reasoning
29 terms
Philosophy Plato
father
priest
universal
piety
Who is euthyphro going to prosecute?
What is Euthyphro?
That which can be shared by many instances.
Godliness... Holiness... Righteousness
father
Who is euthyphro going to prosecute?
priest
What is Euthyphro?
40 terms
Philosophy-Plato
prescriptive language
descriptive language
axiology
Socrates
the way things should be
the way things are
the study of values
believes all people are ignorant
prescriptive language
the way things should be
descriptive language
the way things are
11 terms
Philosophy- Plato
Where and when was Plato from
What is the main theme of the republic
What is Plato's ideal government
What is the tripartite soul
Greece, 4th century BC
what is a just/ ideal government
where the tripartite soul and the tripartite government are i…
mind, body, and spirit
Where and when was Plato from
Greece, 4th century BC
What is the main theme of the republic
what is a just/ ideal government
21 terms
Plato's Philosophy of Religion
Analogy
Archetype
Form
Form of the Good
The act of comparing one thing with another that shares simil…
An initial model or idea from which later ideas and models of…
The idea of something.
The highest of all the Forms and the source of the other Forms.
Analogy
The act of comparing one thing with another that shares simil…
Archetype
An initial model or idea from which later ideas and models of…
12 terms
The Philosophy of Plato
Dionysius
Who created the Academy of Athens?
Who studied under Plato?
Aristotle: "Forms"
-Tyrant of Syracuse... -Discovers politics cannot save the war
Plato. Studied philosophy, math and theoretical astronomy.
Aristotle.
Argues that humans could not experience good or justice
Dionysius
-Tyrant of Syracuse... -Discovers politics cannot save the war
Who created the Academy of Athens?
Plato. Studied philosophy, math and theoretical astronomy.
12 terms
Plato Philosophy
spiritual world
that source of perfection and goodness
unchanging and perfect world
physical world
unchanging
perfect
real
changing
spiritual world
unchanging
that source of perfection and goodness
perfect
10 terms
Plato: Philosophy
A priori
A posteriori
Form
Matter
Knowledge that is gained irrespective of experience, gained t…
Knowledge which is known through experience
The idea of something
Physical substance of this world
A priori
Knowledge that is gained irrespective of experience, gained t…
A posteriori
Knowledge which is known through experience
49 terms
Philosophy-Plato
Plato lived...
Plato's real name
"Plato" means...
Parents wanted him to be a..
427 -247 BCE
Aristocles
wide or broad shoulders/forehead
polititian... - but he hates politics
Plato lived...
427 -247 BCE
Plato's real name
Aristocles
17 terms
Philosophy - Plato
sense knowledge
intellectual knowledge
Plato
Sophists
awareness of self around us. sense of objects feelings, sense…
bringing concept to material objects
everything that comes through my senses is not the absolute t…
the art of rhetoric, train the youth
sense knowledge
awareness of self around us. sense of objects feelings, sense…
intellectual knowledge
bringing concept to material objects
9 terms
Philosophy Plato
Gives us goals
Virtue of Spirit
Excellence of function
Virtue of whole soul
Appetite
Courage
Virtue
Justice
Gives us goals
Appetite
Virtue of Spirit
Courage
12 terms
Philosophy - Plato
who was plato?
what are the forms? Give examples.
How can we reach the forms?
what is dualism?
A Greek philosopher and student of socrates.
perfect, unchanging, original ideas. beauty, goodness, truth.
Through intelligence and reason.
The belief in two separate principles/ parts of a theory.
who was plato?
A Greek philosopher and student of socrates.
what are the forms? Give examples.
perfect, unchanging, original ideas. beauty, goodness, truth.
15 terms
Philosophy of Plato
elenchus
Apology
aporia
doxa
Socrates method of probing questions
defending oneself, not necessarily "sorry"
acknowledged ignorance or perplexity
not certain knowledge, knowledge derived from the senses
elenchus
Socrates method of probing questions
Apology
defending oneself, not necessarily "sorry"
32 terms
philosophy (plato)
theory of forms
1st part of theory
2nd part of theory
3rd part of theory
theory that wants to answer, what is real?
many individuals have one name (how come not special name for…
forms are not physical, cant be seen (cannot see law of gravi…
forms are transcendent, eternal, they are perfect (formulas)
theory of forms
theory that wants to answer, what is real?
1st part of theory
many individuals have one name (how come not special name for…
17 terms
Philosophy Plato
The one (the ultimate reality) and the…
What is okams razor?
What is the principle of sufficient re…
He created the the first full fledge p…
Monism
Do not multiply critics beyond necessity
Necessarily, all true propositions have an explanation
Plato
The one (the ultimate reality) and the…
Monism
What is okams razor?
Do not multiply critics beyond necessity
8 terms
Plato - philosophy
What does plato believe we're born wit…
What is plato
What is innate knowledge
What innate knowledge do we have
Innate knowledge... Our soul remembers knowledge from our past l…
An absolutist
Inbuilt knowledge thay we just know
Knowledge of the Forms
What does plato believe we're born wit…
Innate knowledge... Our soul remembers knowledge from our past l…
What is plato
An absolutist
19 terms
Philosophy Plato
What is the main question of or issue…
What are the Three Kinds of Good accor…
What kind of good is justice according…
What is Glaucon's issue for Socrates t…
Either one of these 3 : (Concept - Justice)... 1) Why should I b…
1. One we take a hold of not only because of its consequences…
Justice is good for itself and its consequences
An unjust man treated as if they are just
What is the main question of or issue…
Either one of these 3 : (Concept - Justice)... 1) Why should I b…
What are the Three Kinds of Good accor…
1. One we take a hold of not only because of its consequences…
23 terms
Philosophy of Plato
What ethical question does Euthyphro's…
What question does Socrates want answe…
What are two answers Euthyphro gives f…
What are the three major theories of P…
Is something good in and of itself or because the gods say it…
"What is piety?" Euthyphro does not answer it.
1. To prosecute the wrongdoer no matter who he is. To not pro…
1. Theory of recollection... 2. The doctrine of forms... 3. The soul
What ethical question does Euthyphro's…
Is something good in and of itself or because the gods say it…
What question does Socrates want answe…
"What is piety?" Euthyphro does not answer it.
27 terms
Philosophy-Plato
Direct realism
Indirect realism
Empiricism
Scepticism
Objects in the mind appear exactly the same as they are in re…
What appears in the mind is different to what it is in reality
Reality is what can be proved by maths and science
It is difficult to prove anything is real
Direct realism
Objects in the mind appear exactly the same as they are in re…
Indirect realism
What appears in the mind is different to what it is in reality
18 terms
Political Philosophy Midterm - Plato
Myth of Er
Tyrannical soul
Philosophical soul
Education of Philosopher
The myth used to explain the extrinsic value of justice. When…
So overwhelmed by desire that they are slaves to it. Build is…
The just soul where reason rules over the other parts. It kno…
Poetic education. Educate only guardian class, meaning women…
Myth of Er
The myth used to explain the extrinsic value of justice. When…
Tyrannical soul
So overwhelmed by desire that they are slaves to it. Build is…
19 terms
Chapter 6:Plato Philosophy
Epistemology for Plato
Metaphysics for Plato
Ethics/ good and morality for Plato
Knowing/believing
the theory of knowledge is that its objects must be realities…
the theory of reality; Plato believes two common things canno…
In order to have happiness, they must have multiple factors p…
The distinction is if we become convinced that something we c…
Epistemology for Plato
the theory of knowledge is that its objects must be realities…
Metaphysics for Plato
the theory of reality; Plato believes two common things canno…
23 terms
Ancient Philosophy Final-Plato
Knowing something, according to Plato,
Knowing does not differ from believing…
Plato agrees with
The objects of knowledge, Plato says,…
puts you in touch with reality.
backed up by reasons.
Democritus, saying that reality is made up of arms and the void
Forms (intelligible realities).
Knowing something, according to Plato,
puts you in touch with reality.
Knowing does not differ from believing…
backed up by reasons.
11 terms
Greek- Philosophy: Socrates/Plato
Oracles
riddle... nothing
Athenians
don't know
Socrates's friends asked _____ if anyone was wiser then Socra…
Socrates thought it was a ____ because he thought he knew _____
Socrates began talking with _____ about this problem
He decided the Oracles were right because as he traveled he r…
Oracles
Socrates's friends asked _____ if anyone was wiser then Socra…
riddle... nothing
Socrates thought it was a ____ because he thought he knew _____
18 terms
Philosophy Mid Term - Plato
blameworthy ignorance
arete
socratic dialogue
anamnesis
think you know something that you do not know
human excellence
attempts to dissect ethical term by questioning one who claim…
soul is eternal and knows evrything, "recollect" to learn
blameworthy ignorance
think you know something that you do not know
arete
human excellence
48 terms
OCR AS Philosophy - PLATO
Who were the 3 'Fathers' of Philosophy?
Who was Plato
Who was Aristotle
What was Plato in terms of beliefs
Socrates... Plato... Aristotle
Socrates' pupil... Founded written philosophy
Plato's pupil... Possibly most influential philosopher
Dualist
Who were the 3 'Fathers' of Philosophy?
Socrates... Plato... Aristotle
Who was Plato
Socrates' pupil... Founded written philosophy
17 terms
Plato - AS OCR Philosophy
Who taught Plato and also appears in m…
What did Plato want your lover to do?
Who were the 'guardians?'
Where did Plato come from?
Socrates who believed everyone should be taught to look beyon…
To change you. He believed your lover should have the qualiti…
Plato wanted people to get away from the rich and make 'guard…
He came from an aristocratic Athenian family who were involve…
Who taught Plato and also appears in m…
Socrates who believed everyone should be taught to look beyon…
What did Plato want your lover to do?
To change you. He believed your lover should have the qualiti…
15 terms
Key terms (Philosophy - Plato)
Forms
The Form of Good
Imitating
Participating
Concepts which are realities in a different world, which are…
The most important Form, it illuminates all other Forms and g…
The Forms are transcendent and ordinary objects imitate etern…
The Forms are present in objects of the physical world.
Forms
Concepts which are realities in a different world, which are…
The Form of Good
The most important Form, it illuminates all other Forms and g…
10 terms
Philosophy Plato Definitions
A prioiri
Analogy
Metaphysics
Epistemology
A larin phrase meaning from what comes before. Philosophers u…
The act of comparing one thing with another that shares simil…
Beyond physics, asking questions about the laws of he univers…
The study of knowledge, how do we know things? Where dos true…
A prioiri
A larin phrase meaning from what comes before. Philosophers u…
Analogy
The act of comparing one thing with another that shares simil…
12 terms
Philosophy Terms - Plato
Ring of Gyges
Allegory of the Cave
Divided Line
Myth of Er
A ring, when worn, turns the user invisible.
A cave that represented the nature of reality.
The Divided Line has understanding at the top, then thoughts,…
The Myth that after Er died in battle he was taken to heaven…
Ring of Gyges
A ring, when worn, turns the user invisible.
Allegory of the Cave
A cave that represented the nature of reality.
27 terms
philosophy revision plato
question a set out
part b set out
what do the prisoners represent in the…
describe the part of the allegory arou…
intro-5 paras-conc
intro-3 paras-counter argument-conc
ordinary people
they face the wall, don't remember anything and don't know th…
question a set out
intro-5 paras-conc
part b set out
intro-3 paras-counter argument-conc
48 terms
Quiz 2 Philosophy PLATO
" . . . Would he not rather hold fast…
In response to Glaucon's question, "wh…
The allegory of the cave suggests that…
In the Allegory of the Cave, the perso…
the philosopher-king rules out of a sense of duty; he would r…
that it is possible but only if either philosophers become ki…
tend not to be recognized by the masses and indeed are often…
ridiculed and shunned by those who remain in the cave
" . . . Would he not rather hold fast…
the philosopher-king rules out of a sense of duty; he would r…
In response to Glaucon's question, "wh…
that it is possible but only if either philosophers become ki…
AS PHILOSOPHY: Plato and Aristotle
Plato
Dualism
A Priori
Plato's 'Forms'
A philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Acad…
The mind/soul and the body are two distinct parts - they are…
Knowledge gained through reason alone
The idea of something unchanging and absolute, the world we l…
Plato
A philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Acad…
Dualism
The mind/soul and the body are two distinct parts - they are…
17 terms
Philosophy Midterm: Plato
What are the informal charges against…
What are the formal charges against So…
How does Socrates defend himself again…
How does Socrates characterize his beh…
-intentionally teaching lies... -being a "busy body"
-corrupting youth... -neglecting old gods... -worshiping new gods
-says he does believe in the right gods... -he is helping the yo…
-loyal... -non radical
What are the informal charges against…
-intentionally teaching lies... -being a "busy body"
What are the formal charges against So…
-corrupting youth... -neglecting old gods... -worshiping new gods
AS PHILOSOPHY: Plato
Dualism?
A Priori knowledge
The Theory of the Forms
Criticisms of the Theory of the Forms
The mind/soul and the body are two distinct parts - they are…
Knowledge gained through reason alone
Forms are the ideas of something, unchanging and absolute - t…
-There's no clear evidence... -Could just be ideas in peoples mi…
Dualism?
The mind/soul and the body are two distinct parts - they are…
A Priori knowledge
Knowledge gained through reason alone
15 terms
Philosophy- Aristotle/Plato
Plato's book
World of appearance (material/physical…
The world of forms
Plato's concerns
The republic
|Cave|... Temporary (always changing)... Imperfect... Sensible (throug…
There is only one idea of beauty... Intelligible (know through r…
Beauty... Truth... Justice ... Good
Plato's book
The republic
World of appearance (material/physical…
|Cave|... Temporary (always changing)... Imperfect... Sensible (throug…
18 terms
philosophy Plato's cave
illusions
beliefs
knowledge
intelligence
eikasia
pistis
dionoia
noesis
illusions
eikasia
beliefs
pistis
38 terms
Philosophy- Plato's Republic
The Forms
Dialectic
the form of the good
knowledge
essential property
highest rank of understanding and truth
what makes something good, good.
intelligible world includes understanding and thought.
The Forms
essential property
Dialectic
highest rank of understanding and truth
20 terms
Philosophy- Plato and Aristotle
Demiurge
Timaeus
World of the forms
Form of the Good
Entity which ordered the chaotic matter of the universe
Book where the Demiurge was mentioned
Unchanging, perfect, real and absolute version of the materia…
"What gives truth to the things known and the power to know t…
Demiurge
Entity which ordered the chaotic matter of the universe
Timaeus
Book where the Demiurge was mentioned
14 terms
Plato's Philosophy
In what year did Plato die?
Who was Plato's Teacher?
What school did Plato establish?
How would Plato answer the question, "…
347 BC
Socrates
The Academy
No, he believe...
In what year did Plato die?
347 BC
Who was Plato's Teacher?
Socrates
9 terms
Philosophy Arguments (Plato/Aristotle)
Plato's argument about justice and hea…
The Analogy of the Sun
Analogy of the Sun (Argument)
The Happiness Argument
1. All happy people are healthy people... 2. No unjust people ar…
-The act of seeing something requires three things: The eye,…
1. The act of seeing is LIKE the act of knowing.... 2.The sun is…
1. Every art or applied science and every systematic investig…
Plato's argument about justice and hea…
1. All happy people are healthy people... 2. No unjust people ar…
The Analogy of the Sun
-The act of seeing something requires three things: The eye,…
12 terms
Plato Guide for Philosophy
What is piety? What is its nature?
How is Euthyphro's dilemma applied to…
What does Plato's Epistemology look li…
How does Plato demonstrate the accurac…
1. What is pleasing to the gods? Well gods disagree on thangs…
Are good actions good because God approved them or does God a…
He believes that everyone knows everything but forgets it and…
1. He leads the witness (a slave) in the completing the squar…
What is piety? What is its nature?
1. What is pleasing to the gods? Well gods disagree on thangs…
How is Euthyphro's dilemma applied to…
Are good actions good because God approved them or does God a…
25 terms
Plato - AS Philosophy OCR
What do the following symbolize? (Cave)
Cave
The Man
The Prisoners
...
Visible world
A philosopher
The rest of humanity who are unable to understand the words o…
What do the following symbolize? (Cave)
...
Cave
Visible world
18 terms
OCR AS Philosophy: Plato
Compare Plato with...
Plato
A priori or a posteriori?
Empirical knowledge
Aristotle
An ancient Greek Philosopher taught by Socrates.... Plato's Anal…
A priori - knowledge gained through reasoning, not through em…
Knowledge gained through experiences and our senses. Plato be…
Compare Plato with...
Aristotle
Plato
An ancient Greek Philosopher taught by Socrates.... Plato's Anal…
25 terms
Plato - AS Philosophy OCR
What do the following symbolize? (Cave)
Cave
The Man
The Prisoners
...
Visible world
A philosopher
The rest of humanity who are unable to understand the words o…
What do the following symbolize? (Cave)
...
Cave
Visible world
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