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Study sets matching "philosophy"

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Study sets matching "philosophy"

14 terms
Philosophy
premise
conclusion
sound
valid
a previous statement or proposition from which another is inf…
a judgement, decision or proposition reached by reasoning.
both true and valid
conclusion necessarily follows from the premises
premise
a previous statement or proposition from which another is inf…
conclusion
a judgement, decision or proposition reached by reasoning.
26 terms
Philosophy
Ontological question
Dualism
Monism
Epistemological question
What is real?
There is a visible and abstract world
The world as it is
Transition from ignorance to wisdom
Ontological question
What is real?
Dualism
There is a visible and abstract world
14 terms
Philosophy
Prayer
Omnipotent
Omniscient
Benevolent
Communicating with God
All powerful
All knowing
All loving
Prayer
Communicating with God
Omnipotent
All powerful
59 terms
Philosophy
Inductive
Deductive
Strength of an argument
Cogency of an argument
The conclusion follows PROBABLY
The conclusion follows with ABSOLUTE CERTAINTY
...
...
Inductive
The conclusion follows PROBABLY
Deductive
The conclusion follows with ABSOLUTE CERTAINTY
13 terms
Philosophy
premise
conclusion
sound
valid
a previous statement or proposition from which another is inf…
a judgement, decision or proposition reached by reasoning.
both true and valid
conclusion necessarily follows from the premises
premise
a previous statement or proposition from which another is inf…
conclusion
a judgement, decision or proposition reached by reasoning.
16 terms
Philosophy
determinism
compatabilism
free will
premise
the idea that all events are caused by past events such that…
the idea that free will and determinism are compatible ideas,…
the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fa…
a previous statement or proposition from which another is inf…
determinism
the idea that all events are caused by past events such that…
compatabilism
the idea that free will and determinism are compatible ideas,…
Philosophy
SaM
Khya
SaMkhya
PuruSa
Balanced, equal, harmonius, correct, proper, discriminative
Knowledge, understanding, wisdom
Perfect knowledge of the entire process of evolution and abso…
The witnessing consciousness, soul, spirit
SaM
Balanced, equal, harmonius, correct, proper, discriminative
Khya
Knowledge, understanding, wisdom
58 terms
Philosophy
Idealism
Spa
In idealism ideas are
Socrates
The oldest of the philosophies
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
The only true reality
Created the Socratic method
Idealism
The oldest of the philosophies
Spa
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
87 terms
PHILOSOPHY
Allegory
Logic
Law of identity
Law of contradiction
A concrete representation of an abstract idea
Art of correct reasoning: study of methods and principles use…
a=a, everything is identical
a proposition cannot be true and false at the same time (a ch…
Allegory
A concrete representation of an abstract idea
Logic
Art of correct reasoning: study of methods and principles use…
127 terms
Philosophy
Philosophy
Love
Wisdom
Metaphysics
Involves a commitment to an open-minded search for truth
Phielien
Sophia
deals with the nature of reality by asking questions: "What i…
Philosophy
Involves a commitment to an open-minded search for truth
Love
Phielien
5 terms
Philosophy
epistemology
ethics
concept
definition
the theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its method…
moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the cond…
...an abstract idea.
what is meant by a word, text, concept, or action....
epistemology
the theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its method…
ethics
moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the cond…
67 terms
Philosophy
A fundamental example of "unreasoned k…
A conflict between what we think we al…
Can knowledge be a matter of habits?
Can habits be modified or changed?
instinct
doubt
yes
yes
A fundamental example of "unreasoned k…
instinct
A conflict between what we think we al…
doubt
60 terms
Philosophy
Democritus
Cosmology
Protagoras
(sophist) Relativism
4th C. BC... Big Idea: Atom Theory... Memorable term: Cosmology
the study of the structure and origin of the world/universe
5th C. BC ... Big Idea: (sophist) Relativism ... Memorable term: Sk…
the denial of any absolute or objective standard of norm or t…
Democritus
4th C. BC... Big Idea: Atom Theory... Memorable term: Cosmology
Cosmology
the study of the structure and origin of the world/universe
60 terms
Philosophy
Sophist
Apology Crito Phaedo
Psyche
Appetitive faculty
Professional teacher in athens
Books written by Plato ( speech at trial, awaiting execution…
Greek work for soul
This is the seat of desire
Sophist
Professional teacher in athens
Apology Crito Phaedo
Books written by Plato ( speech at trial, awaiting execution…
565 terms
Philosophy
Red Herring
Non Sequiter
Begging the Question
Ad Hominen
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
Occurs when the arguer fails to establish truth behind a deba…
Occurs when the arguer attacks a person, rather than a point…
Red Herring
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Non Sequiter
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
24 terms
Philosophy
Thales of Miletus
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
624 to 546
470 to 399
428 to 348
384 to 322
Thales of Miletus
624 to 546
Socrates
470 to 399
33 terms
Philosophy
Aesthetics
Alientation
Angst
A priori
The study of what constitutes beauty
Marginalized struggles / estrangement of people
Anixiety
Opposite is posterior
Aesthetics
The study of what constitutes beauty
Alientation
Marginalized struggles / estrangement of people
40 terms
Philosophy
The Religious View - 800 BCE Homer
The Cosmological View (600 BCE) - Thales
Logos
phenomenon
This view is related through stories. ... The universe is unpred…
This view is related through metaphysical theories.... The unive…
the common structure of things," "the rational essence of the…
is an occurrence of fact observable through the senses
The Religious View - 800 BCE Homer
This view is related through stories. ... The universe is unpred…
The Cosmological View (600 BCE) - Thales
This view is related through metaphysical theories.... The unive…
404 terms
Philosophy
"Absolute
Absolute Idealism
Academics
Act-utilitarianism
the","That which is unconditioned and uncaused by anything el…
The early nineteenth-century school of philosophy that mainta…
Philosophers of the third and second centuries B.C.E. in what…
A form of utilitarianism (subscribed to by Bentham) in which…
"Absolute
the","That which is unconditioned and uncaused by anything el…
Absolute Idealism
The early nineteenth-century school of philosophy that mainta…
7 terms
Philosophy
Consequentialism
Utilitarianism
Principle of Utility or The Greatest h…
Rule- Utilitarian (Restricted)
Holds that whether an act is morally right depends only on co…
assesses acts and/or character traits, practices, and institu…
holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to pr…
the rightness or wrongness of an action is not tested by asse…
Consequentialism
Holds that whether an act is morally right depends only on co…
Utilitarianism
assesses acts and/or character traits, practices, and institu…
127 terms
Philosophy
Philosophy
Love
Wisdom
Metaphysics
Involves a commitment to an open-minded search for truth
Phielien
Sophia
deals with the nature of reality by asking questions: "What i…
Philosophy
Involves a commitment to an open-minded search for truth
Love
Phielien
565 terms
Philosophy
Red Herring
Non Sequiter
Begging the Question
Ad Hominen
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
Occurs when the arguer fails to establish truth behind a deba…
Occurs when the arguer attacks a person, rather than a point…
Red Herring
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Non Sequiter
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
42 terms
Philosophy
reality assumptions
reality assumptions are also known as
inductive reasoning
deductive argument
beliefs about what is true and factual about the world
factual assumptions or descriptive assumptions
when we use facts or research finding to make generalizations
when formal patterns are used to reveal the logic of our reas…
reality assumptions
beliefs about what is true and factual about the world
reality assumptions are also known as
factual assumptions or descriptive assumptions
565 terms
Philosophy
Red Herring
Non Sequiter
Begging the Question
Ad Hominen
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
Occurs when the arguer fails to establish truth behind a deba…
Occurs when the arguer attacks a person, rather than a point…
Red Herring
This occurs when a writer tries to distract the audience from…
Non Sequiter
Occurs when no logical relationship exists between 2 or more…
49 terms
philosophy
Axiology
epistemology
metaphysics
evidence
the study of value
the study of knowledge
the study of the nature of reality
a reason offered in support if a claim
Axiology
the study of value
epistemology
the study of knowledge
18 terms
philosophy
Define Aristocracy
Define Timocracy
Define Oligarchy
Define Democracy
This is a government ruled by the elite. In Plato's view thes…
A timocracy is a society governed by the those with power of…
An oligarchy is a society governed by the rich. Once the sold…
Once the wealthy land owners take over all the poor working c…
Define Aristocracy
This is a government ruled by the elite. In Plato's view thes…
Define Timocracy
A timocracy is a society governed by the those with power of…
45 terms
Philosophy
Everything is P: PL form
Everything is P: QN Form
Something is P: PL form
Something is P: QN form
(x)Px
~(Ǝx) ~Px
(Ǝx)Px
~(x)~Px
Everything is P: PL form
(x)Px
Everything is P: QN Form
~(Ǝx) ~Px
42 terms
Philosophy
7 attributes of the Divine
Spanda... Attribute of the Divine
Shri... Attribute of the Divine
Purna... Attribute of the Divine
Sat... Cit... Ananda... Shri... Purna... Svatantrya... Spanda
Pulsation
Beauty
Perfection
7 attributes of the Divine
Sat... Cit... Ananda... Shri... Purna... Svatantrya... Spanda
Spanda... Attribute of the Divine
Pulsation
100 terms
Philosophy
A priori
A posteriori
Materialism
Dualism
Knowledge we know without experience - through reason
Knowledge that we gain through experience
The belief that the world is only physical
The belief that humans and our world are made of two distinct…
A priori
Knowledge we know without experience - through reason
A posteriori
Knowledge that we gain through experience
123 terms
Philosophy
what is the trinity
in the trinity what is the role of the…
in the trinity what is the role of the…
in the trinity what is the role of the…
3 ways of being God
the creator
the savior
sustainer/ sanctifier
what is the trinity
3 ways of being God
in the trinity what is the role of the…
the creator
25 terms
Philosophy
Sense Data
Correspondence Theory
Skepticism
Epistemology
Qualities Russell claims we are directly aware of in sensory…
What makes a belief, statement, or judgement true is that wha…
View that we do not and perhaps cannot have knowledge about s…
Branch of philosophy that studies the nature, sources, and st…
Sense Data
Qualities Russell claims we are directly aware of in sensory…
Correspondence Theory
What makes a belief, statement, or judgement true is that wha…
38 terms
Philosophy
Fields of Philosophy
Primary features of Philosophy
Doing Philosophy with Style
Conceptual Frameworks
1)Metaphysics-The theory of reality and the ultimate nature o…
1) Articulation-putting your ideas in clear, concise, readily…
1)Ideas-without ideas, articulated clearly, nothing to think…
Concepts rarely occur in isolation-they virtually always tie…
Fields of Philosophy
1)Metaphysics-The theory of reality and the ultimate nature o…
Primary features of Philosophy
1) Articulation-putting your ideas in clear, concise, readily…
16 terms
Philosophy
There are two principle answers to the…
________ held the optimists view of th…
Before his conversion to Christianity,…
The process of examining the question…
Pessimist, optimist
Gandhi
Tolstoy
A personal journey
There are two principle answers to the…
Pessimist, optimist
________ held the optimists view of th…
Gandhi
43 terms
Philosophy
The ethical theory that focuses on the…
Who believed that the principle of uti…
Existential ethics are devoid of moral…
The ethical theory that proposes all a…
Deontology
Mill
False
Utilitarianism
The ethical theory that focuses on the…
Deontology
Who believed that the principle of uti…
Mill
39 terms
Philosophy
Yoga
Vedas
Upanishads
Bhagavad Gita
Ancient spiritual practice designed to join/integrate all asp…
Compilations of hymns and rituals over 3000 years old which i…
A collection of 200 secret texts/scriptures revolving around…
Most popular work amongst Hindu and Yogic literature written…
Yoga
Ancient spiritual practice designed to join/integrate all asp…
Vedas
Compilations of hymns and rituals over 3000 years old which i…
49 terms
Philosophy
What is a Hylozoist?
What are the ironies of the accusation…
What is the Socratic Method?
What are the three paradoxes of of Xen…
Belief that all matter has life
Riddled with ironies,
Means/ technique in argument where you ask questions, and get…
The arrow, the Achilles/tortoise, and Antimony of limited and…
What is a Hylozoist?
Belief that all matter has life
What are the ironies of the accusation…
Riddled with ironies,
40 terms
philosophy
Plato - Republic; Mill - Utilitarianis…
Plato - Republic; Mill - Utilitarianis…
Plato - Republic; Mill - Utilitarianis…
Plato - Republic; Mill - Utilitarianis…
do whatever promotes your own self interests, can be long ter…
act to promote happiness for the greatest number
is that which secures the most happiness for everyone affected
Intellectual pleasures (higher pleasures) are worth more than…
Plato - Republic; Mill - Utilitarianis…
do whatever promotes your own self interests, can be long ter…
Plato - Republic; Mill - Utilitarianis…
act to promote happiness for the greatest number
67 terms
Philosophy
A fundamental example of "unreasoned k…
A conflict between what we think we al…
Can knowledge be a matter of habits?
Can habits be modified or changed?
instinct
doubt
yes
yes
A fundamental example of "unreasoned k…
instinct
A conflict between what we think we al…
doubt
40 terms
Philosophy
Who argued that "all is change" and "c…
Who claimed form is a reality itself?
Plato and Aristotle both argued that r…
Epistemologists concern themselves wit…
Heraclitus
Plato
False
True
Who argued that "all is change" and "c…
Heraclitus
Who claimed form is a reality itself?
Plato
40 terms
Philosophy
Phenomenology attempts to clarify our…
Churchland believed a new neuroscience…
Descartes believed the self was dualis…
According to Plato, the soul consists…
True
True
True
All of the above
Phenomenology attempts to clarify our…
True
Churchland believed a new neuroscience…
True
40 terms
Philosophy
The goal of dialectic is to achieve a…
Socrates believed that "it was better…
Sophia is the Greek word for:
Socrates was committed to making our a…
False
True
Wisdom
True
The goal of dialectic is to achieve a…
False
Socrates believed that "it was better…
True
45 terms
Philosophy
Argument
2 components of an argument
Premises
Conclusion
A piece of reasoning in which one or more statements are offe…
The supporting statements and the statement that is being sup…
The supporting statements in an argument
The statement being supported.
Argument
A piece of reasoning in which one or more statements are offe…
2 components of an argument
The supporting statements and the statement that is being sup…
17 terms
Philosophy
A thing that must come from another th…
A thing that has a starting point and…
At one time it did not exist
Has no beginning. Has always existed.
Finite
Finite
Finite
Infinite
A thing that must come from another th…
Finite
A thing that has a starting point and…
Finite
94 terms
Philosophy
epistemology
metaphysics
ethics
Socrates
study of knowledge, truth
the philosophical study of being and knowing, reality
the philosophical study of moral values and rules
philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked…
epistemology
study of knowledge, truth
metaphysics
the philosophical study of being and knowing, reality
80 terms
Philosophy
1. According to Anaxagoras (c. 500-428…
2. According to Protagoras (c. 480-410…
3. According to Heraclitus (c. 540-480…
4. According to Thales (c. 625-545 B.C…
For Anaxagoras the MIND (a.k.a. NOUS) has the capacity to mov…
For Protagoras human survival depends on MUTUAL COOPERATION o…
For Heraclitus FLUX best describes his universal principle of…
For Thales all things come from WATER as being the one single…
1. According to Anaxagoras (c. 500-428…
For Anaxagoras the MIND (a.k.a. NOUS) has the capacity to mov…
2. According to Protagoras (c. 480-410…
For Protagoras human survival depends on MUTUAL COOPERATION o…
57 terms
Philosophy
For Aristotle what is the difference b…
Aristotle: What sorts of intellectual…
Aristotle: How do people cultivate mor…
What does Aristotle mean by "happiness…
One is excellence of the mind and one comes from custom
(1) philosophical wisdom (understanding the nature of reality…
They are custom and require practice
Happiness, the long term well being or human flourishing and…
For Aristotle what is the difference b…
One is excellence of the mind and one comes from custom
Aristotle: What sorts of intellectual…
(1) philosophical wisdom (understanding the nature of reality…
12 terms
PHILOSOPHY
ARGUMENT
CONCLUSION
CONTEXT
CULTURE
In the sense of "a set of reasons that show something is true…
Something you decide after considering all the information yo…
The situation, events or information that are related to some…
The beliefs, way of life, art and customs that are shared and…
ARGUMENT
In the sense of "a set of reasons that show something is true…
CONCLUSION
Something you decide after considering all the information yo…
7 terms
Philosophy
Five Firsts of Friendship
Five Steps of Health
Five S's for Warmups
Five A's for Self Defense
Communicate, smile, care, share and forgive
Think, Eat, Exercise, Rest, Perform
Safety, Slowness, Self-awareness, Stretching, Strengthening
Awareness, Alertness, Avoidance, Anticipation, Action
Five Firsts of Friendship
Communicate, smile, care, share and forgive
Five Steps of Health
Think, Eat, Exercise, Rest, Perform
17 terms
philosophy
belief
natural philosophy
philosophy
truth
accepting what is valid and invalid
discusses things independent of human involvement
thinking about the foundation, structure, dynamics, meaning,…
the way things are
belief
accepting what is valid and invalid
natural philosophy
discusses things independent of human involvement
32 terms
Philosophy
Normative
Critical
Justification
Knowledge
what a person ought to do
analytical
showing something to be right or reasonable
justified true belief
Normative
what a person ought to do
Critical
analytical
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