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Study sets matching "phonetics chapter 4"

23 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Front Vowels (audio)
Back vowels (audio)
Central Vowels
Diphthongs
/i/, /ɪ/, /e/, /ɛ/, & /æ/
/u/, /ʊ/, /o/, /ɔ/, & /ɑ/
/ə/, /ʌ/, /ɚ/, & /ɝ/
/ju/, /aɪ/, /aʊ/ & /ɔɪ/
Front Vowels (audio)
/i/, /ɪ/, /e/, /ɛ/, & /æ/
Back vowels (audio)
/u/, /ʊ/, /o/, /ɔ/, & /ɑ/
28 terms
Phonetics Vocab: Chapter 4
vowels
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowels
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
22 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
open syllable
complex syllable
postvocalic consonant
simple syllable
a syllable without a coda
a syllable with at least one consonant sequence
a consonant that follows a vowel in a syllable
a syllable with only a vowel or a combination of singleton co…
open syllable
a syllable without a coda
complex syllable
a syllable with at least one consonant sequence
12 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Vowels
Primarily Articular
True
Point Vowels
Phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
Tongue is _________ in vowel production.
There are many more vowel sounds then "a,e,i,o,u" ... T or F
i, u, ae, a
Vowels
Phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
Primarily Articular
Tongue is _________ in vowel production.
39 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Back Vowels
Centering Diphthongs
Central Vowels
Close Vowels
those vowels in which the hump of the tongue is farther back,…
diphthongs in which the offglide consists of a central vowel
those vowels in which the hump of the tongue is in a centrali…
vowels that are produced with the tongue closer to the palate
Back Vowels
those vowels in which the hump of the tongue is farther back,…
Centering Diphthongs
diphthongs in which the offglide consists of a central vowel
41 terms
phonetics chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
lip rounding
-produced w little to no constriciton of airflow in vocal tra…
how high/low tongue is
how far forward/ back
-rounded :o... -unrounded :D
vowel
-produced w little to no constriciton of airflow in vocal tra…
tongue height
how high/low tongue is
12 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Vowel
Syllable Nucleus
Monophthong
Diphthong
A sound that is formed WITHOUT SIGNIFICANT CONSTRICTION of th…
Vowels are also called the _______ because they separate syll…
A pure vowel with a single and unchanging sound quality.
A vowel sound that has a very dynamic sound quality because i…
Vowel
A sound that is formed WITHOUT SIGNIFICANT CONSTRICTION of th…
Syllable Nucleus
Vowels are also called the _______ because they separate syll…
20 terms
Phonetics chapter 4 vocab
vowels
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
are phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constr…
how high or low in the oral cavity the tongue is when produci…
relates to how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the ton…
vowels
are phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constr…
tongue height
how high or low in the oral cavity the tongue is when produci…
51 terms
Phonetics chapter 4
Morphology
lexicon
Words vary in _____ and ______.
Derivation
the study of words structure and their relationships
a stock of words that functions as a mental dictionary
form and meaning
the process of modifying words to create new words
Morphology
the study of words structure and their relationships
lexicon
a stock of words that functions as a mental dictionary
27 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Vowels
Vowel quadrilateral
Diphthongs
Monophthongs
Phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflow…
2D figure (representing tongue height and tongue advancement)…
Simple phoneme consisting of two vowel elements, the first te…
Vowel phoneme consisting of one distinct articulatory element…
Vowels
Phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflow…
Vowel quadrilateral
2D figure (representing tongue height and tongue advancement)…
11 terms
Chapter 4- Phonetics
vowels
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
refers to how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the tong…
two-dimension figure (representing tongue height and tongue a…
vowels
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
tongue height
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
11 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
What is a vowel?
What is a monothong?
What is a dipthong?
What affects the tenseness of utterance?
A speech sound that is formed without a significant constrict…
1 pure sound
2 sounds produced with gradually changing articulation
muscle involvement
What is a vowel?
A speech sound that is formed without a significant constrict…
What is a monothong?
1 pure sound
phonetics- chapter 4
what are vowels?
primary articulator?
how are vowels characterized?
all vowels are voiced
phonemes produced without any appreciable constriction or blo…
tongue
tongue height and advancement
vocal folds vibrate
what are vowels?
phonemes produced without any appreciable constriction or blo…
primary articulator?
tongue
45 terms
Phonetics- Chapter 4
Vowel quadrilateral
What are the point vowels?
What are the axis' of the vowel quad?
What are the quadrants of the vowel qu…
Front/high: /i/, /I/ ... Central/high: none... Back/high: /u/, /ʊ/…
/i/, /æ/, /u/, /ɑ/
-Tongue Advancement (front, central, back)... -Tongue Height (hi…
Front/high Front/mid Front/low... Central/high Central/mid Centr…
Vowel quadrilateral
Front/high: /i/, /I/ ... Central/high: none... Back/high: /u/, /ʊ/…
What are the point vowels?
/i/, /æ/, /u/, /ɑ/
28 terms
Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
14 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4 - Vowels
vowels
primary articulator in vowels
tongue height
tongue advancement
are phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constr…
tongue
how hight or low in the oral cavity the tongue is when produc…
how far forward or backward in the mouth the tongues when pro…
vowels
are phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constr…
primary articulator in vowels
tongue
45 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4 (E2)
Vowels
What is the primary articulator in the…
Tongue Height
Tongue Advancement
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blocakge of airflo…
The tongue
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
which protion of the tongue is going to be active in minipula…
Vowels
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blocakge of airflo…
What is the primary articulator in the…
The tongue
52 terms
Basic Phonetics-Chapter 4 & 5
Alveolar
Hard Plate
Velar
Supraglottal Speech Cavities
Gum ridge behind teeth
bony, hard roof of mouth
Velum, soft plate (back of throat)
oral, right nasal, left nasal, pharyngeal
Alveolar
Gum ridge behind teeth
Hard Plate
bony, hard roof of mouth
28 terms
Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
34 terms
Combo with "Phonetics Vowels" and Phonetics Chapter 4
/i/
/I/
/e/
/ɛ/
sample word:key ... high, front ... unrounded
sample word:win... high,front... unrounded
sample word:rebate... high-mid, front... unrounded
sample word:red... low-mid, front... unrounded
/i/
sample word:key ... high, front ... unrounded
/I/
sample word:win... high,front... unrounded
34 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Consonant deviations
Clinical phonetics
intelligibility
substitution
clinical phonetics and phonological processes
intelligibility and homophones
is it easy to understand him/her?
"shoe":... Child A: /tʃu/ Child B: /du/... "thumb": ... Child A: /fʌ…
Consonant deviations
clinical phonetics and phonological processes
Clinical phonetics
intelligibility and homophones
99 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
Alveolar
alveolar ridge
apex
apical
adjectival form of alveolar ridge
ridge directly behind the upper front teeth
the tip of tongue
tip of the tongue
Alveolar
adjectival form of alveolar ridge
alveolar ridge
ridge directly behind the upper front teeth
28 terms
Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
33 terms
Phonetics chapter 4
vowel
spatial, temporal, and functional
spatial aspect
temporal aspect
a speech sound that is formed without a significant constrict…
3 aspects of vowel production
articulators are positioned so as not to constrict oral and p…
sound of interest can be sustained indefinitely
vowel
a speech sound that is formed without a significant constrict…
spatial, temporal, and functional
3 aspects of vowel production
12 terms
phonetics chapter 4
vowels
tongue height
tongue advancement
rounded
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
how high or low in the oral cavity the tongue is when produci…
how forward or backward in the oral cavity the tongue is when…
rounded lip position
vowels
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
tongue height
how high or low in the oral cavity the tongue is when produci…
28 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Vowel
Tongue height
Tongue advancement
Tense Vowels
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the tongue is when…
capable of ending stressed open syllables
Vowel
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
Tongue height
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
12 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
relates to how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the ton…
...
vowel
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
tongue height
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
58 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
in vowel production the shape and size…
tongue height
tongue advancement
tongue height
1. raising/lowering jaw... 2. curving/moving tongue... 3. rounding/…
how high or low your tongue in the oral cavity is when produc…
how far forward or backward your tongue is in the oral cavity…
the vertical position of the tongue relative to the roof of t…
in vowel production the shape and size…
1. raising/lowering jaw... 2. curving/moving tongue... 3. rounding/…
tongue height
how high or low your tongue in the oral cavity is when produc…
13 terms
Chapter 4 Phonetics
Vowels
Tongue height
Tongue advancement
Rounded
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the tongue is when…
rounded lip position during vowel production
Vowels
phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
Tongue height
refers to how high (or low) in the oral cavity the tongue is…
15 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
/i/
/ɪ/
/eɪ, e/
/ɛ/
EAt, grEEt, mEAt/mEEt
fIsh, wIsh, hIt... use /ɪ/ when there is a y at the end of the w…
cAkes, rebAte, shAke
lEd, bEd, sAId
/i/
EAt, grEEt, mEAt/mEEt
/ɪ/
fIsh, wIsh, hIt... use /ɪ/ when there is a y at the end of the w…
39 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4 Terms
Back Vowels
Centering Diphthongs
Central Vowels
Close Vowels
Hump of the tongue is farther back, creating a narrowing in t…
diphthongs in which the offglide consists of a central vowel
Characterized by a centralized positioning of the hump of the…
vowels that are produced with the tongue closer to the palate
Back Vowels
Hump of the tongue is farther back, creating a narrowing in t…
Centering Diphthongs
diphthongs in which the offglide consists of a central vowel
69 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
5 unrounded vowels (front vowels)
What type of vowels are used most freq…
Define vowels
When vowels are produced, the vocal tr…
/i/, /I/, /e/, /ɛ/, /æ/... *50% of all English vowels... *( I = ca…
Front vowels
1. Sounds produced without significant constriction of the or…
Relatively open
5 unrounded vowels (front vowels)
/i/, /I/, /e/, /ɛ/, /æ/... *50% of all English vowels... *( I = ca…
What type of vowels are used most freq…
Front vowels
21 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
What is a vowel?
How is a vowel produced?
Tongue height of vowel position
Tongue advancement of vowel position
Phonemes produced without appreciable constriction or blockag…
Produced with changes in tongue height, tongue advancement, l…
How high/low the tongue is in the oral cavity (high, mid, low)
How far forward or back the tongue is (front, central, back).
What is a vowel?
Phonemes produced without appreciable constriction or blockag…
How is a vowel produced?
Produced with changes in tongue height, tongue advancement, l…
28 terms
Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
32 terms
Phonetics Chapter 4
How are vowels produced?
How many vowel monopthongs and dipthon…
What are the rounded back vowels?
What are the front retracted vowels?
with minimal obstruction to the airstream
monopthongs- 14... dipthongs- 5
u, ʊ, o, ɔ, ɑ
i, ɪ, e, ɛ, æ
How are vowels produced?
with minimal obstruction to the airstream
How many vowel monopthongs and dipthon…
monopthongs- 14... dipthongs- 5
24 terms
Phonetics 305 Chapter 4
Vowel Articulation
Dipthongs
How many vowels/dipthongs will we disc…
Vowel (working definition)
- Tongue Height... • Tongue Advancement... • Vowel Tenseness... • Lip…
- involve tongue movement from one position to another... - the…
15 (16) vowels and 5 dipthongs... - focus on sounds rather than…
1. Sounds produced without significant constriction... of the or…
Vowel Articulation
- Tongue Height... • Tongue Advancement... • Vowel Tenseness... • Lip…
Dipthongs
- involve tongue movement from one position to another... - the…
32 terms
Phonetics- Chapter 4
Vowel
Vowel classificaions
Tongue Height and Advancement
Lips: Rounded or Unrounded
Speech sound that is formed without any significant constrict…
1. Tongue height... 2. Tongue advancement (retraction)... 3. Lip ro…
-Two main dimensions of movements in vowels.... -Changes also oc…
-The presence (rounded) or absence (unrounded) of lip protrud…
Vowel
Speech sound that is formed without any significant constrict…
Vowel classificaions
1. Tongue height... 2. Tongue advancement (retraction)... 3. Lip ro…
11 terms
Phonetics vowels chapter 4
Are they stressed or unstressed?
alone (a)
cup (u)
butter (er)
...
unstressed
stressed
unstressed
Are they stressed or unstressed?
...
alone (a)
unstressed
29 terms
phonetics-chapter 4
phonation
What is voicing?
What are very important structures in…
How do the arytenoids move?
various positions and movements of the vocal folds within the…
phonation
two arytenoid cartilages
triangular shaped cartilages that sit in the cricoid cartilag…
phonation
various positions and movements of the vocal folds within the…
What is voicing?
phonation
28 terms
Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
28 terms
Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
10 terms
Phonetics Quiz #2 (Chapter 4)
What is a vowel quadrilateral and what…
Which vowels in English are tense? Whi…
How are vowels produced in the vocal t…
Which vowels are rounded and unrounded?
It's a figure that represents the position of the tongue duri…
There are 7 tense (i, e, u, o, ɔ, ɑ, ɝ) and 7 lax ( ɪ, ɛ, æ,…
The velum is raised. Airstream passes through oral cavity wit…
Rounded: u, ʊ, o, ɔ, ɝ, ɚ. Unrounded: i, e, ɪ, ɛ, æ ɑ, ə, ʌ
What is a vowel quadrilateral and what…
It's a figure that represents the position of the tongue duri…
Which vowels in English are tense? Whi…
There are 7 tense (i, e, u, o, ɔ, ɑ, ɝ) and 7 lax ( ɪ, ɛ, æ,…
90 terms
Phonetics Chapter 3
Speech is a...
Energy source for speech
Where are the 2 lungs housed?
Lungs extend from the lower opening of…
complicated fine motor act
Respiratory system/ the lungs
The thorax (chest)
trachea (windpipe)
Speech is a...
complicated fine motor act
Energy source for speech
Respiratory system/ the lungs
25 terms
Basic Phonetics-Chapter 4 Vowels
Supraglottal Speech Organs
Lips
Both Lips
Teeth
all organs above the vocal folds
Labial
Bilabial
Dental
Supraglottal Speech Organs
all organs above the vocal folds
Lips
Labial
27 terms
Phonetics Exam 1 (chapter 4 terms)
Back Vowels
Centering Diphthongs
Rhotic diphthongs
Central Vowels
The hump of the tongue is farther back creating an opening in…
diphthong in which the offglide consists of a central vowel
the offglide represents a central vowel with r-coloring
characterized by centralized positioning of the hump of the t…
Back Vowels
The hump of the tongue is farther back creating an opening in…
Centering Diphthongs
diphthong in which the offglide consists of a central vowel
18 terms
Phonetics CH 4
What is a vowel?
Three Aspects of Vowels
Spatial
Temporal
A speech sound that is formed without a significant constrict…
Spatial, Temporal, Functional
Articulators are positioned as to not restrict the oral and p…
The sound produced can be maintained indefinitely (as long as…
What is a vowel?
A speech sound that is formed without a significant constrict…
Three Aspects of Vowels
Spatial, Temporal, Functional
8 terms
Phonetics Test #2 (Chapter 4)
client factors that influence clinical…
task factors
advantages of video recording
disadvantages of video recording
age, dialect, physical/personality
intelligibility, linguistic context, response complexity, sys…
allows gestures and retains visibility of context
orientation of client, restricted movement, distraction
client factors that influence clinical…
age, dialect, physical/personality
task factors
intelligibility, linguistic context, response complexity, sys…
28 terms
Phonetics ch 4
Vowel
Tongue height
Tongue advancement
Rounded
Phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
How high in the oral cavity the tongue is when producing a pa…
How far forward in the mouth the tongue is when producing a p…
Back of mouth
Vowel
Phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constricti…
Tongue height
How high in the oral cavity the tongue is when producing a pa…
49 terms
Chapter 4: Some applications of phonetic theory
phonetic analysis
phonological analysis
what does a phonological analysis incl…
why do we use distinctive features?
sound description based on articulatory, acoustic, and percep…
set of phonemes as contrastive units within a language and th…
phonemes, categorization of phonemes, analysis of positions/s…
to determine what feature is present, identifying cause of ch…
phonetic analysis
sound description based on articulatory, acoustic, and percep…
phonological analysis
set of phonemes as contrastive units within a language and th…
COMD 3500: Fundamentals of Phonetics: Chapter 4
vowel
tongue height
tongue advancement
vowel quadrilateral
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
a two-dimensional figure (representing tongue height and tong…
vowel
a phoneme produced without any appreciable blockage of airflo…
tongue height
a term used to classify vowel production in relation to tongu…
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