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Study sets matching "physical anthropology 1"

89 terms
Test 1 - Physical Anthropology
Biological Anthropology (or Bioanthrop…
Anthropology
Species
Holistic
a subfield of Anthropology that studies humans as a bicultura…
the biological & bicultural study of humans & their extant &…
a group of organisms that can produce fertile offspring among…
assuming an interrelationship among the parts of a subject
Biological Anthropology (or Bioanthrop…
a subfield of Anthropology that studies humans as a bicultura…
Anthropology
the biological & bicultural study of humans & their extant &…
111 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam 1
mitosis, meiosis, mutation
meiosis prophase 1
meiosis metaphase 1
meiosis anaphase 1
-during development, cells become differentiated... -Darwin knew…
-cell prepares for division... -chromation twists into 2 chromat…
-tetrads line up at equator of cell... -spindle fibers attach at…
-reduction phase... -spindle fibers pull tetrads apart, leading…
mitosis, meiosis, mutation
-during development, cells become differentiated... -Darwin knew…
meiosis prophase 1
-cell prepares for division... -chromation twists into 2 chromat…
39 terms
Physical Anthropology Ch. 1
Adaptation
Anthropology
Applied Anthropology
Artifacts
-anatomical, physiological, or behavioral response to the env…
-studies human culture and evolution of human biology ... -inclu…
-practical application of anthropological and archaeological…
-Objects or materials made or modified for use by hominins... -u…
Adaptation
-anatomical, physiological, or behavioral response to the env…
Anthropology
-studies human culture and evolution of human biology ... -inclu…
151 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam #1
Nucleotides
Adenine
Thymine
Guananine
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
A nucleotide that binds to thymine (T) and uracil (U); it is…
a pyrimidine component of nucleic acids and nucleotides; pair…
component of nucleic acids and nucleotides; pairs with Cytosi…
Nucleotides
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
Adenine
A nucleotide that binds to thymine (T) and uracil (U); it is…
56 terms
Physical Anthropology Chapter 1
Biological changes over time can be du…
By evolutionary changes, we mean
Physical anthropologists seek to under…
What is anthropology?
evolutionary or nonevolutionary
the changes resulted in genetic changes
human evolution - what we were in the past, who we are today,…
the study of humankind, viewed from the perspective of all pe…
Biological changes over time can be du…
evolutionary or nonevolutionary
By evolutionary changes, we mean
the changes resulted in genetic changes
46 terms
1. Anthropology : Modern Physical Anthropology
physical anthropology
genetic principle
rediscovered
monk
人类体格学
遗传学原理
重新发现
和尚,僧侣,修道士
physical anthropology
人类体格学
genetic principle
遗传学原理
17 terms
Physical Anthropology Ch. 1
Anthropology
Biology
Culture
Biocultural
The study of humankind and the human condition
Those aspects of the human condition influenced by genes and…
Learned, shared knowledge of meanings by which we interpret e…
The mutual, interactive nature of human biology and human cul…
Anthropology
The study of humankind and the human condition
Biology
Those aspects of the human condition influenced by genes and…
8 terms
Physical Anthropology Chpt. 1
Anthropology
Four Branches of Anthro
Culture
Artifacts
Study of humankind, viewed from perspective of all people and…
cultural, linguistic, archaeological, and physical
learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
What archaeologists are best known to study from past human s…
Anthropology
Study of humankind, viewed from perspective of all people and…
Four Branches of Anthro
cultural, linguistic, archaeological, and physical
50 terms
PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY Unit 1
Archaeology
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778)
Mendel (1822-1884)
John Ray (1627-1705)
study of material culture (fundamentally destructive process)
Father of Taxonomy... Systema Naturae... Binomial nomenclature: KPC…
Father of Mendelian Genetics
Fixity of Species *unpopular because hubristic (nothing chang…
Archaeology
study of material culture (fundamentally destructive process)
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778)
Father of Taxonomy... Systema Naturae... Binomial nomenclature: KPC…
42 terms
Physical Anthropology quiz 1#
Variant ch2
Genes ch2
Gametes ch2
Independent assortment ch2
Two different forms, the particular format of a trait.
A segment of the chromosomes that produces a recognizable eff…
Egg and Sperm
Each of the genes at a single location of homologous chromoso…
Variant ch2
Two different forms, the particular format of a trait.
Genes ch2
A segment of the chromosomes that produces a recognizable eff…
35 terms
Physical Anthropology CH. 1
savanna
hominins
species
bipedally
A large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs. Savan…
colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
On two feet;walking habitually on two legs.
savanna
A large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs. Savan…
hominins
colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
13 terms
Chapter 1 Physical Anthropology
What is Anthropology?
Cultural Anthropology
Culture
Archaeological Anthropology
The study of humankind
The study of modern human societies through the analysis of c…
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
The study of past human societies, focusing mostly on materia…
What is Anthropology?
The study of humankind
Cultural Anthropology
The study of modern human societies through the analysis of c…
64 terms
Physical Anthropology - CH. 1 & 2
Anthropology
Holism
What are the two main branches of Anth…
Cultural: Ethnology
The study of humanity
Concerned with the whole of humanity, the total
Cultural and Physical/Biological
the study of recent or exisiting cultures
Anthropology
The study of humanity
Holism
Concerned with the whole of humanity, the total
167 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam 1
Anthropology
The 4 Sub fields of Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Ethnography
the holistic study of human beings
Cultural, Archaeology, Linguistic, Biological/Physical
the study of human societies, especially in a cross cultural…
in depth study of a particular culture
Anthropology
the holistic study of human beings
The 4 Sub fields of Anthropology
Cultural, Archaeology, Linguistic, Biological/Physical
38 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam 1
Acclimatization
Adaptation
Adaptive Radiation
Alleles
Physiological responses to changes in the environment that oc…
An anatomical, physiological, or behavioral response of organ…
The relatively rapid expansion and diversification of life-fo…
Alternate forms of a gene
Acclimatization
Physiological responses to changes in the environment that oc…
Adaptation
An anatomical, physiological, or behavioral response of organ…
104 terms
Physical Anthropology exam 1
Karl Popper
Adequacy
Parsimony
Paleoanthropology
Idea of testability--clear predictions that are potentially f…
Explains all the data
Simplest explanation for things
the study of ancient populations of humans and its near relat…
Karl Popper
Idea of testability--clear predictions that are potentially f…
Adequacy
Explains all the data
40 terms
Physical Anthropology - Lab Practical #1
Bones of the Skull and Features
Parietal
Frontal
Supraorbital ridges/ Torus (Brow Ridge)
...
paired
Bones of the Skull and Features
...
Parietal
paired
35 terms
Physical Anthropology Chapter 1
savanna
hominins
species
bipedally
a large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs
colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
a group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
walking habitually on two legs
savanna
a large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs
hominins
colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
81 terms
physical anthropology exam 1
From pre-enlightenment to current worl…
Current scientific world view
Biological variability
Natural selection
o Earth is young... o Fixity of species... o scala naturae... *Earth a…
o Earth is old (4.5 billion years)... o Evolution... long gradual…
genetic mutation... recombination/crossing-over during meiosis…
*works on variability among individuals in populations... *Resul…
From pre-enlightenment to current worl…
o Earth is young... o Fixity of species... o scala naturae... *Earth a…
Current scientific world view
o Earth is old (4.5 billion years)... o Evolution... long gradual…
152 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam 1
Bipedally
Primates
genetics
culture
On two feet; walking on two legs
members of the mammalian order primates, which includes lemur…
the study of gene structure and action and the patterns of in…
Behavioral aspects of human adaptation including technology,…
Bipedally
On two feet; walking on two legs
Primates
members of the mammalian order primates, which includes lemur…
20 terms
Physical Anthropology Chapter 1
Inductive Reasoning
Deductive Reasoning
Galileo
Ussher
Used to form hypothesis and theories
Used to apply the theories to specific situations.
We are not the center of the universe.
Calculated the date of creation: 4004 B.C.
Inductive Reasoning
Used to form hypothesis and theories
Deductive Reasoning
Used to apply the theories to specific situations.
71 terms
Exam 1 Physical Anthropology
anthropology
culture
artifacts
sociolinguistics
the study of humankind, viewed from the perspective of all pe…
learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
material objects from past cultures
the investigation of language's social contexts
anthropology
the study of humankind, viewed from the perspective of all pe…
culture
learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
18 terms
Physical Anthropology, Chapter 1
Culture
Language
Sociolinguistics
Biocultural
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person.
A set of written or spoken symbols that refer to things (peop…
The science of investigating language's social contexts.
The scientific study of the interrelationship between what hu…
Culture
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person.
Language
A set of written or spoken symbols that refer to things (peop…
37 terms
Physical anthropology quiz 1
Biological anthropology
Linguistic anthropology
Cultural anthropology
Archaeology
A sub field of anthropology that deals with the genetic and p…
A sub field of anthropology that deals with human language in…
A sub field of anthropology that deals with the variation of…
A sub field of anthropology that deals with the remains of hu…
Biological anthropology
A sub field of anthropology that deals with the genetic and p…
Linguistic anthropology
A sub field of anthropology that deals with human language in…
23 terms
Physical Anthropology ch:1
Anatomical
Arboreal
Archaeology
Artifacts
Of or relating to bodily structure
Living in trees or relating to trees
The study of human history and prehistory through the excavat…
An object made by a human being, typically an item of cultura…
Anatomical
Of or relating to bodily structure
Arboreal
Living in trees or relating to trees
89 terms
Test 1 - Physical Anthropology
Biological Anthropology (or Bioanthrop…
Anthropology
Species
Holistic
a subfield of Anthropology that studies humans as a bicultura…
the biological & bicultural study of humans & their extant &…
a group of organisms that can produce fertile offspring among…
assuming an interrelationship among the parts of a subject
Biological Anthropology (or Bioanthrop…
a subfield of Anthropology that studies humans as a bicultura…
Anthropology
the biological & bicultural study of humans & their extant &…
44 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam 1
Copernicus:
Aristotle;
John Ray
Carolus Linneaus
sun is center of the solar system
there is a fixed hierarchy from simple to complex
coined genus + species... distinguished the ability to interbreed
Binomial Nomenclature... Introduction to Taxonomy classifications
Copernicus:
sun is center of the solar system
Aristotle;
there is a fixed hierarchy from simple to complex
59 terms
Physical Anthropology Midterm 1
Scientific Method
Scientific Method Steps
Observation
Hypothesis
Examines events that are repeatable
1) Observation ... 2) Hypothesis... 3) Experiment... 4) Results & Conc…
Observed through the senses: Seen, heard, smell, touch
A proposed explanation or educated guess for an observation o…
Scientific Method
Examines events that are repeatable
Scientific Method Steps
1) Observation ... 2) Hypothesis... 3) Experiment... 4) Results & Conc…
55 terms
Physical Anthropology Midterm 1
The scientific method
mechanisms by which mutation works
early "evolutionary" thinkers
Cuvier
-question... -hypothesis... -experimentation... data collection... obse…
mutation: change in genetic material... gene flow: sex-exchange…
systematic way of categorizing all plants and animals ... -linna…
- Opposed evolution ... - Fossils represent extinct species... - Ca…
The scientific method
-question... -hypothesis... -experimentation... data collection... obse…
mechanisms by which mutation works
mutation: change in genetic material... gene flow: sex-exchange…
18 terms
Physical anthropology chapter 1
Culture
Artifacts
Language
Sociolinguistics
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to
Material objects from past cultures
A set of written or spoken symbols that refer to things peopl…
The science of investigating language social context
Culture
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to
Artifacts
Material objects from past cultures
45 terms
Physical Anthropology, Exam 1
Sub-fields of Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Ethnologies
Ethnographies
Cultural/Social... Archaeology... Physical/Biological... Linguistics
Study of Culture, Behavior.... >Ethnography's... >Ethnologies... >Appl…
Looking for commonalities and differences among various groups.
Systematic study of a group/individual peoples and cultures.
Sub-fields of Anthropology
Cultural/Social... Archaeology... Physical/Biological... Linguistics
Cultural Anthropology
Study of Culture, Behavior.... >Ethnography's... >Ethnologies... >Appl…
25 terms
Physical Anthropology 1
Race
Franz Boas
The Scientific method
Homo Sapien species, no races
- Does not exist... - Implies subspecies, but actually there is…
- Contested the idea of different races and head sizes meanin…
- Science relies on EMPIRICAL processes... - Science is SELF-COR…
- We are one species, with no races... - There is clear variatio…
Race
- Does not exist... - Implies subspecies, but actually there is…
Franz Boas
- Contested the idea of different races and head sizes meanin…
25 terms
Physical Anthropology Exam 1
niche
fitness
phylogeny
monophyletic
how a species extracts energy from its environment and makes…
a relative measure of an individual's reproductive success
"family tree" shows how species or groups are related
a group of organisms descended from a common evolutionary anc…
niche
how a species extracts energy from its environment and makes…
fitness
a relative measure of an individual's reproductive success
32 terms
Chapter 1 - Physical Anthropology
Anthropology
Four fields of anthropology
Cultural anthropologists study
Culture
The study of humankind
Cultural, archaeology, linguistic, and physical (or biologica…
Present-day societies (focused on culture and non-Western Soc…
Learned behavior transmitted in a nongenetic manner from pers…
Anthropology
The study of humankind
Four fields of anthropology
Cultural, archaeology, linguistic, and physical (or biologica…
39 terms
Physical Anthropology- Quiz 1
What is not true of Charles Darwin?
Who was the first to take up embryology?
Aristotle saw a distant relationship b…
Who was a vulcanist? Who was a neptuni…
He publicly debated Bishop Wilberforce on the veracity of evo…
Aristotle
Apes & Humans
John Ray... John Woodward
What is not true of Charles Darwin?
He publicly debated Bishop Wilberforce on the veracity of evo…
Who was the first to take up embryology?
Aristotle
74 terms
Exam 1- Physical Anthropology
Acheulean
Anthropoids
Anthropology
Apes
culture that surrounds H. erectus, the use of stone tools in…
classification of both world monkeys, apes, & humans, charact…
the study of human and their ancestors
closer relative to humans, difference in humans i lesser dext…
Acheulean
culture that surrounds H. erectus, the use of stone tools in…
Anthropoids
classification of both world monkeys, apes, & humans, charact…
33 terms
Physical Anthropology- Ch. 1
Hominin
Species
Anthropology
Primates
Colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
The field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolution…
Members of the mammalian order, which includes lemurs,lorsies…
Hominin
Colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
Species
A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
11 terms
1. Modern Physical Anthropology
physical anthropology
genetic principle
blood group
formulate
體質人類學
遺傳原理
血型
提出(定律)
physical anthropology
體質人類學
genetic principle
遺傳原理
82 terms
Anthropology 1 - Physical
What is anthropology?
Biocultural Perspective
Biological Evolution
Cultural Evolution
the study of people, the human experience (humans throughout…
Culture+Biology+Environment = Human experience... Includes Biol…
Change over time due to natural selection ... Genetic variation…
Change over time of non-biological aspects of human society
What is anthropology?
the study of people, the human experience (humans throughout…
Biocultural Perspective
Culture+Biology+Environment = Human experience... Includes Biol…
207 terms
Physical Anthropology Ch.1-5
Anthropology
Four fields of anthropologies are:
Cultural anthropology
Archaeology
study of human kind
cultural, linguistic, physical, archaeology
study of cultures and societies of human beings and their ver…
study of past societies and their cultures, especially the ma…
Anthropology
study of human kind
Four fields of anthropologies are:
cultural, linguistic, physical, archaeology
48 terms
Physical anthropology 1
paleocene
Eocene
Miocene
Pliocene
transition to proto-primates... 65 mya
radiation of prosimians... 55 mya
rise & fall of apes... 23 mya... 1st human like creature
5 mya
paleocene
transition to proto-primates... 65 mya
Eocene
radiation of prosimians... 55 mya
68 terms
#1 Physical Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology
Archaeology
Linguistic Anthropology
Physical Anthropology
study of patterns of beliefs and behavior found in modern and…
study of earlier cultures by anthropologists who specialize i…
study of human speech and language, including origins of lang…
study of human biology within the framework of evolution with…
Cultural Anthropology
study of patterns of beliefs and behavior found in modern and…
Archaeology
study of earlier cultures by anthropologists who specialize i…
217 terms
Physical Anthropology 1-7
Selective Breeding
hybrids
principle of segregation
recessive
A practice whereby animal or plant breeders choose which indi…
offspring of parents who differ from each other with regard t…
genes occur in pairs because chromosomes occur in pairs. Duri…
Describing a trait that isn't expressed in heterozygotes; als…
Selective Breeding
A practice whereby animal or plant breeders choose which indi…
hybrids
offspring of parents who differ from each other with regard t…
104 terms
Physical Anthropology Midterm 1
What is anthropology?
Define culture.
What are the 4 fields of anthropology?
What makes physical anthropology inter…
the study of human kind
learned behaviour that is transmitted from person to person
Physical, cultural, linguistic, and archaeology
it draws from many different fields and forms of knowledge to…
What is anthropology?
the study of human kind
Define culture.
learned behaviour that is transmitted from person to person
18 terms
Physical Anthropology Ch. 1
Culture
Artifacts
Language
Sociolinguistics
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
Material objects from past cultures
A set of written or spoken symbols that refer to things (peop…
The science of investigating language's social contexts
Culture
Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person
Artifacts
Material objects from past cultures
21 terms
EXPLORING PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY CHAPTER 1
Scientific Method
Observation
Question
Hypothesis
1. Rigorous procedure that is used to identify the most proba…
Looking at some phenomenon on empirically using the five senses
asking how the phenomenon came to be ( why, how, what, when)
1. A statement proposed prosed to explain some phenomenon; fr…
Scientific Method
1. Rigorous procedure that is used to identify the most proba…
Observation
Looking at some phenomenon on empirically using the five senses
35 terms
Physical Anthropology Ch 1
Savanna
Hominin
Species
Bipedally
A large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs. These…
Colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile o…
On two feet; walking habitually on two legs
Savanna
A large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs. These…
Hominin
Colloquial term for members of the evolutionary group that in…
Physical anthropology chapter 1
Adaptation
Natural selection
Morphology
Equilibrium
A feature in an organism created by the process of natural se…
The process that produces adaptation. ____ is based on three…
An organism's shape, size, and composition
A steady state in which the composition of the population doe…
Adaptation
A feature in an organism created by the process of natural se…
Natural selection
The process that produces adaptation. ____ is based on three…
35 terms
Essentials of Physical Anthropology - Chapter 1
adaptation
anthropology
applied anthropology
artifacts
An anatomical, physiological, or behavioral response of organ…
The field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolution…
The practical application of anthropological and archaeologic…
Objects or materials made or modified for use by hominins. Th…
adaptation
An anatomical, physiological, or behavioral response of organ…
anthropology
The field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolution…
124 terms
Physical anthropology
Anatomical position
axial
appendicular
Sagittal section/plane
standing upright, palms forward, thumbs up
along the axis(spinal column) of the body... EX: ribs
Everything not axial
Line that cuts the body into symmetry
Anatomical position
standing upright, palms forward, thumbs up
axial
along the axis(spinal column) of the body... EX: ribs
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