Study sets matching "physical chapter 3 science chemistry"

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Study sets matching "physical chapter 3 science chemistry"

Physical Science - Chemistry (Chapter3 - properties of matter)
property
physical property
texture
state of matter
n. a characteristic that can be used to describe matter. (性质)
phr. a characteristic that can be observed without changing t…
n. the surface quality of a shape - rough, smooth, soft hard…
phr. A physical property that describes matter as a solid, li…
property
n. a characteristic that can be used to describe matter. (性质)
physical property
phr. a characteristic that can be observed without changing t…
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3: Chemistry
Alloy
Atom
Chemical Equation
Chemical Formula
Alloys are metal solutions in which solids are dissolved in s…
Smallest part of a molecule.
Describes a chemical reaction.
Combination of chemical symbols, represents a molecule compou…
Alloy
Alloys are metal solutions in which solids are dissolved in s…
Atom
Smallest part of a molecule.
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are in constant motion an…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are electrically charged…
Solid
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Liquid
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
27 terms
chapter 3 physical science
newton's second law of motion
sliding friction
friction
static friction
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
a force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces that…
the frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding…
newton's second law of motion
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
sliding friction
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
31 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
21 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Thermal Energy
The ability to do work
The energy due to an object's position
The energy due to an object's motion
The energy related to the temperature of an object
Energy
The ability to do work
Potential Energy
The energy due to an object's position
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
The state of matter in which materials have definite shape an…
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
The state of matter in which a material has neither a definit…
The energy an object has due to its motion.
solid
The state of matter in which materials have definite shape an…
liquid
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3:
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
50 terms
CCS Physical Science Chapter 3
atoms
molecules
atomic theory of matter
kinetic theory of matter
extremely small particles that all matter is made up of
the basic functional units of matter
Dalton's idea; provides the basis for the scientific understa…
2 main principles are: 1.) all molecules of matter are in con…
atoms
extremely small particles that all matter is made up of
molecules
the basic functional units of matter
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Air Resistance
Newton's Second Law
Air Resistance
9.8 m/s^2
The upward force on an object falling through the air.
Explains the relationship between mass, force, and acceleration
Why a feather falls slower than brick.
The acceleration of gravity on earth.
Air Resistance
The upward force on an object falling through the air.
Newton's Second Law
Explains the relationship between mass, force, and acceleration
36 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
electromagnetism
solenoid
electromagnet
galvanometer
The relationship between electricity and magnetism.
A coil of wire with a current.
A magnet created by wrapping a coil of wire with a current ru…
A device that uses an electromagnet to detect small amounts o…
electromagnetism
The relationship between electricity and magnetism.
solenoid
A coil of wire with a current.
Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
Mr. Kendall, Physical Science Chapter 3
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
The formula to find Weight
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
Upward force that air exerts on a moving ... object to oppose it…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
W= m*g... Weight = mass x gravity
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
Air Resistance
Upward force that air exerts on a moving ... object to oppose it…
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
measurement
dimensions
standard
instrument
comparison of a dimension of an object or a substance to appr…
measurable properties
know quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compariso…
an artificial device made for the purpose of refining, extend…
measurement
comparison of a dimension of an object or a substance to appr…
dimensions
measurable properties
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
solid
liquid
gas
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
no definite shape or volume; particles spread far apart or mo…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
solid
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
Physical Science Chapter 3 Measurements
measurement
standard
instrument
calibrated scale
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of refining, exten…
a series of markings related to the dimensional unit on an in…
measurement
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
standard
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
measurement
dimension
standard
instrument
a comparison of an object or substance to a appropriate stand…
measureable properties of matter or energy
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of measuring
measurement
a comparison of an object or substance to a appropriate stand…
dimension
measureable properties of matter or energy
Physical Science Chapter 3
centripetal acceleration
centripetal force
friction
law of gravitation
Acceleration of an object toward the center of a curbed or ci…
a force directed toward the center of the circle for an objec…
Force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces
States that any two masses exert an attractive force on each…
centripetal acceleration
Acceleration of an object toward the center of a curbed or ci…
centripetal force
a force directed toward the center of the circle for an objec…
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
force
contact force
action-at-a-distance (noncontact) force
friction
push or pull on an object
transmitted when two objects are touching
can act without physical contact (gravity)
force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are touch…
force
push or pull on an object
contact force
transmitted when two objects are touching
45 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
properties that all particles of matte…
particle speed from highest speed to l…
solids
the physical forms of matter, which include:... 1. solid... 2. liqu…
1. particles are made up of atoms and molecules... 2. particles…
1. gas... 2. liquid... 3. solid
fixed volume, fixed shape
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include:... 1. solid... 2. liqu…
properties that all particles of matte…
1. particles are made up of atoms and molecules... 2. particles…
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
the greek philosopher Democritus coine…
Democritus thought that matter was mad…
if two grams of element X combine with…
according to john daltons observations…
atom
that could not be divided
28 grams
the ratio of their masses is always the same
the greek philosopher Democritus coine…
atom
Democritus thought that matter was mad…
that could not be divided
44 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
What is kinetic energy?
Has definite shape and definite volume
Has variable shape but definite volume
Has variable shape and volume
The energy an object has due to its motion.
Solid
Has definite shape and definite volume
Liquid
Has variable shape but definite volume
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Measurement
Standard
Dimension
Instrument
anything you compare
known quantity of a dimension
a measureable aspect
a man-made device
Measurement
anything you compare
Standard
known quantity of a dimension
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
What is a solid?
What is a liquid?
What is a gas?
How are solid particles packed relativ…
A kind of matter that keeps both its shape and its volume (p.…
A kind of matter that has a fixed volume, but not shape (p.93)
A kind of matter that has neither fixed volume nor shape (p.95)
Solid particles are closely packed together (p.92)
What is a solid?
A kind of matter that keeps both its shape and its volume (p.…
What is a liquid?
A kind of matter that has a fixed volume, but not shape (p.93)
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Soild
Liquid
Gas
Kinetic Theroy
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
the state of which a material has neither a definite shape no…
All particles of matter are in a constant motion
Soild
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
Liquid
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
36 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Kinetic Theory
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
the state at which a material has neither a definite shape no…
that all particles of matter are in constant motion
Solid
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
Liquid
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
90 terms
Physical Science chapter 3
All matter is made of
. The higher the temperature of the su…
At the same temperature,
Particles of a solid, such as iron,
atom and molecules that act like tiny moving particles
the faster the particles move.
more-massive (heavier) particles more slower than less-massiv…
are in fixed positions
All matter is made of
atom and molecules that act like tiny moving particles
. The higher the temperature of the su…
the faster the particles move.
7 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
The upward force exerted on an object…
when an object moves in a circular pat…
Newton's 2nd law explains the relation…
The path of a projectile is
air resistance
centripetal force
mass... force... acceleration
curved
The upward force exerted on an object…
air resistance
when an object moves in a circular pat…
centripetal force
14 terms
Chapter 3 Physical Science
Newtons second law of motion
Friction
Static
Sliding
Describes how force, mass, and acceleration are connected
The force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are t…
The friction between two surfaces that are not moving past ea…
Force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past ea…
Newtons second law of motion
Describes how force, mass, and acceleration are connected
Friction
The force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are t…
62 terms
physical science chapter 3
crystalline
amorphous
deformation
elasticity
molecules or atoms in a solid that are arranged in a well-ord…
solids that are arranged in an in orderly pattern , they are…
change in shape
ability of a solid to recover tis original shape after being…
crystalline
molecules or atoms in a solid that are arranged in a well-ord…
amorphous
solids that are arranged in an in orderly pattern , they are…
Chapter 3 Physical Science
the speed at which a falling object ac…
net force
centripetal force
newtons third law
9.8 m/s/s down
the force that results from combining all the forces exerted…
the unbalanced force that causes an object to move in a circu…
for every force there is an equal but opposite force... (forces…
the speed at which a falling object ac…
9.8 m/s/s down
net force
the force that results from combining all the forces exerted…
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solid
amorphous solid
liquid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
the particles of the solid are not arranged in a regular patt…
has a definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has a definite shape and a definite volume
crystalline solid
solids that are made up of crystals in which particles are ar…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
force
net force
friction
gravity
a push or pull exerted on an object
sum of all of the forces that are acting on an object
force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
attractive force between two objects that depends on the mass…
force
a push or pull exerted on an object
net force
sum of all of the forces that are acting on an object
25 terms
Chapter 3 Review Physical Science Boyle
Solid
Liquid
viscosity
surface tension
Matter that has a definite shape and volume. Molecules vibrat…
Matter that doesn't have a definite shape but has a definite…
The rate at which a liquid flows.
A force that acts on the molecules at the surface of a liquid…
Solid
Matter that has a definite shape and volume. Molecules vibrat…
Liquid
Matter that doesn't have a definite shape but has a definite…
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Compound
"cannot be divided"
The weighted mass of the isotopes of an element
Tells you the number of protons in the nucleus of each atom o…
A substance whose smallest unit is made up of atoms of more t…
Atom
"cannot be divided"
Atomic Mass
The weighted mass of the isotopes of an element
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Terms
solid
liquid
gas
pressure
A state of matter in which molecules are fixed in place in re…
A state of matter in which molecule slide past each other, bu…
A state of matter which contains a large amount of energy. Mo…
Force of a gas distributed over the area that gas takes up. F…
solid
A state of matter in which molecules are fixed in place in re…
liquid
A state of matter in which molecule slide past each other, bu…
28 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 3
weight (w)
spring scale
electronic scale
balance
The measure of the earth's gravity acting on the matter in an…
A laboratory instrument that measures weight by ... balancing th…
A laboratory instrument that measures weight by ... converting t…
A simple instrument that compares a known mass to an unknown…
weight (w)
The measure of the earth's gravity acting on the matter in an…
spring scale
A laboratory instrument that measures weight by ... balancing th…
physical science chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
phase change
state of matter that has a definite volume and shape
state of matter that has a definite volume and an indefinite…
state of matter that has an indefinite volume and an indefini…
a reversible, physical change that occurs when a substance ch…
solid
state of matter that has a definite volume and shape
liquid
state of matter that has a definite volume and an indefinite…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
physical
evaporating the water
solid
fruit salad
the change that can be easily reversed
the process will separate the sugar from a mixture of sugar w…
the mixtures that are easiest to separate
solid mixture
physical
the change that can be easily reversed
evaporating the water
the process will separate the sugar from a mixture of sugar w…
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