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Study sets matching "physical chapter 3"

9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
Smallest particle of an element
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
Center of an atom
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element
Electron
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge
20 terms
Chapter 3 Vocab - Physical Science
solid
liquid
fluid
surface tension
A state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite…
A substance that flows
The result of an inward pull among the molecules of a liquid…
solid
A state of matter that has a definite shape and a definite vo…
liquid
A state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite…
39 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Atom
Electron
Nucleus
Proton
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
A negatively charged particle
Center of an atom
Positive charged particle
Atom
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
Electron
A negatively charged particle
43 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Review
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Is air matter? (yes/n0)
What does the Greek word atomos mean?
What Greek philosopher is given credit…
Matter
Yes
"cannot be divided"
Democritus
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Matter
Is air matter? (yes/n0)
Yes
19 terms
WCA - Physical Science Chapter 3 - Clark
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
The state of matter in which a material has neither a definit…
The energy an object has due to its motion.
solid
The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
liquid
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
13 terms
Chapter 3 - physical science
THE STUDY OF MATTER AND ENERGY IS CALLED
LIFE SCIENCE
MATTER IS
HAS MASS... AND VOLUME
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
THE STUDY OF LIVING THINGS
WHAT STUFF IS MADE OF
MATTER
THE STUDY OF MATTER AND ENERGY IS CALLED
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
LIFE SCIENCE
THE STUDY OF LIVING THINGS
8 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Newton's 2nd Law
Newton's 3rd Law
Friction
Weight
A net force acting on an object causes the object to accelera…
To every action force there is an equal and opposite reaction…
Force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces
Gravitational force exerted on an object by Earth
Newton's 2nd Law
A net force acting on an object causes the object to accelera…
Newton's 3rd Law
To every action force there is an equal and opposite reaction…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Matter
Atom
Law of Conservation of Matter
Electron
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Air is matter.
Small particle that makes up most types of matter
Matter is not created or destroyed, it only changes form
Invisible, negatively charged particles in an atom.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Air is matter.
Atom
Small particle that makes up most types of matter
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocuabulary
Pressure
Charles's Law
Boyles's Law
Heat of Fusion
The result of a force distributed over an area.
The volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperatu…
The volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure…
The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a…
Pressure
The result of a force distributed over an area.
Charles's Law
The volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperatu…
12 terms
IACS Physical Science - Chapter 3
Friction
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
Air Resistance
Force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
Frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
Frictional force that opposes the motion of two surfaces slid…
Force that opposes the motion of objects that move through th…
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
Static Friction
Frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
59 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 States of Matter
kinetic theory of matter
solids
liquids
gases
matter is made of atoms and molecules, these atoms and molecu…
have a definite shape and volume, the particles are held clos…
have a change in shape but not volume, the particles move fas…
have a change in shape and volume, flows freely, the particle…
kinetic theory of matter
matter is made of atoms and molecules, these atoms and molecu…
solids
have a definite shape and volume, the particles are held clos…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
crystal
solid
liquid
gas
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
no definite shape or volume; particles spread far apart or mo…
crystal
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Compound
mixture
Substance
Matter
Substance whose smallest unit is made up of atoms of more tha…
2 or more substances come together but don't combine.
Matter that has the same composition and properties throughout.
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Compound
Substance whose smallest unit is made up of atoms of more tha…
mixture
2 or more substances come together but don't combine.
17 terms
Chapter 3 Physical science
atom
atomic mas
atomic number
compound
a very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
average mass of an element; its unit of a measure is the atom…
number of protons in the nucleus of each atom of a given elem…
a substance produced when elements combine and whose properti…
atom
a very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
atomic mas
average mass of an element; its unit of a measure is the atom…
18 terms
chapter 3 physical science
atom
atomic mass
atomic number
compound
a very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
avrege mass of an atom
number of protons in the nucleus of each atom
a substance produced when elements combine and whose properti…
atom
a very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
atomic mass
avrege mass of an atom
19 terms
Novare Physical Science Chapter 3
C3-Ob1. State the law of conservation…
C3-Ob2. Explain how friction on a movi…
C3-Ob3. Explain Einstein's principle o…
C3-Ob4. Describe the three ways heat c…
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed, only changed in…
When two objects are rubbed together, friction is present and…
Albert Einstein first proposed that mass and energy are diffe…
The first is conduction through solids. When atoms get hot, t…
C3-Ob1. State the law of conservation…
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed, only changed in…
C3-Ob2. Explain how friction on a movi…
When two objects are rubbed together, friction is present and…
90 terms
Physical Science chapter 3
All matter is made of
. The higher the temperature of the su…
At the same temperature,
Particles of a solid, such as iron,
atom and molecules that act like tiny moving particles
the faster the particles move.
more-massive (heavier) particles more slower than less-massiv…
are in fixed positions
All matter is made of
atom and molecules that act like tiny moving particles
. The higher the temperature of the su…
the faster the particles move.
20 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
evaporation
Boyle's Law
viscosity
melting
the process of liquid changing to gas at the surface of a liq…
principle that describes the relationship between the pressur…
a liquids resistance to flowing.
the change from the solid to the liquid state of matter.
evaporation
the process of liquid changing to gas at the surface of a liq…
Boyle's Law
principle that describes the relationship between the pressur…
29 terms
Physical science chapter 3
Four states of matter
States of matter based upon particle....
Particles of solids are...
Particles of solids have...
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
arrangement, energy, distance
Tightly packed, vibrating in a fixed position
Definite shape, definite volume (non-compressible)
Four states of matter
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
States of matter based upon particle....
arrangement, energy, distance
43 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
When you kick a ball , what is the dir…
What is unbalanced forces?
What is a balanced forces?
What does applied force change?
....the direction of the force.
..1). when forces on an object are added together... 2). they a…
.. 1) when forces on an object are added together... 2) they ad…
....the movement of an object.
When you kick a ball , what is the dir…
....the direction of the force.
What is unbalanced forces?
..1). when forces on an object are added together... 2). they a…
Chapter 3 Physical Evidence
class characteristics
comparisson
identification
individual characteristics
Evidence associated with only a group is said to have a class…
A comparison analysis determines whether a suspect specimen a…
Identification is the process of determining a substance's ch…
Evidence that can be associated with a common source with an…
class characteristics
Evidence associated with only a group is said to have a class…
comparisson
A comparison analysis determines whether a suspect specimen a…
19 terms
Physical Science chapter 3
Dimension
Standard
Metric system
Conversion factor
Measurable property
Agreed upon quantity
Decimal system of measurement for matter and energy
A multiplier for converting a quantity expressed in one set o…
Dimension
Measurable property
Standard
Agreed upon quantity
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Standard
quantitative data
qualitative data
accuracy
known quantity of a dimension
numerical measurements
precise word descriptions
measurement being as close to the actual value as possible
Standard
known quantity of a dimension
quantitative data
numerical measurements
22 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 3
measurement
dimension
standard
instrument
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
a property that can be measured such as length, time, volume,…
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of refining, exten…
measurement
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
dimension
a property that can be measured such as length, time, volume,…
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3.1
nucleus
proton
neutron
electron
center core of an atom containing protons and usually neutrons
small, positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
small uncharged particles in the nucleus of an atom
tiny, negatively charged, high energy particle that moves in…
nucleus
center core of an atom containing protons and usually neutrons
proton
small, positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Molecule
Atom
Solid
Liquid
The smallest particle of a substance that has the same proper…
The building block of matter
A form of matter that has the definite shape and volume
A form of matter that has a definite volume but no definite s…
Molecule
The smallest particle of a substance that has the same proper…
Atom
The building block of matter
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
44 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 3: Forces
Newton's second law of motion
friction
law of gravitation
weight
states that a net force acting on an object causes the object…
force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces.
states that any two masses exert an attractive force on each…
gravitational force exerted on an object by Earth.
Newton's second law of motion
states that a net force acting on an object causes the object…
friction
force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces.
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Matter
Atom
Law of Conservation of Matter
Elements
anything that takes up space and has mass
the basic unit of a chemical element
a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cann…
cannot be broken down into smaller particles
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Atom
the basic unit of a chemical element
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
42 terms
Physical Chemistry Chapter 3 (Bonding)
3.1 Bonding
Octet rule
Exceptions to the octet rule (H, Li, B…
Three key rules to exceptions
...
An atom tends to bond with other atoms so that it has eight e…
Hydrogen - two valence electrons... Lithium - two valence electr…
Incomplete octet (H, He, Li, Be, Boron), expanded octet (P, S…
3.1 Bonding
...
Octet rule
An atom tends to bond with other atoms so that it has eight e…
27 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3/14
Boyle's law
Charles's law
combined gas law
Freezing
_____ is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *pres…
_____is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *tempe…
P1V1/T1 = P2V2/T2
When liquid becomes solid - it loses energy so its exothermic
Boyle's law
_____ is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *pres…
Charles's law
_____is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *tempe…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
8 terms
CHAPTER 3 PHYSICAL SCIENCE
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
Definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
Energy of motion
solid
Definite shape and volume
liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Physical Science
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Compound
A very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
Average mass of an atom of an element
Number of protons in the nucleus of each atom giving an element
A substance produced when elements combine and whose properti…
Atom
A very small particle that makes up most kinds of matter and…
Atomic Mass
Average mass of an atom of an element
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Atomis mass
Positive Charge
No Charge
Negative Charge
Weighted Average Mass of an Element
Protons
Positive Charge
Neutrons
No Charge
76 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Atom
Electron
Cells
Protons
is the smallest particle that still can be considered an elem…
a tiny, negative charged particle that moves around the outsi…
large oval organelle that contains the cells genetic material…
small, positive charged particles that are found in the nucle…
Atom
is the smallest particle that still can be considered an elem…
Electron
a tiny, negative charged particle that moves around the outsi…
33 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 3
Fluids
Plasma
Energy
Temperature
A non-solid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules a…
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
The capacity to do work.
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
Fluids
A non-solid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules a…
Plasma
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
14 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3: Forces
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
Air Resistance
F= am... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past each o…
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces sli…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= am... Force = acceleration x mass
Static Friction
The force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past each o…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
56 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
plasma
-particles close together... -fixed shape and volume... -particles…
-particles can slide over one another (not fixed location)... -i…
-no fixed shape or volume: (expand to fill container)... -partic…
-highly charged particles that move very fast... -material sheds…
solid
-particles close together... -fixed shape and volume... -particles…
liquid
-particles can slide over one another (not fixed location)... -i…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Force
Net Force
Balanced Forces
Unbalanced Forces
A push or pull that one body applies to another.
When two or more forces combine at the same time.
Equal in size opposite in direction.
Unequal in size and/or opposite in direction.
Force
A push or pull that one body applies to another.
Net Force
When two or more forces combine at the same time.
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
the state of matter in which a material has neither a definit…
the energy an object has due to its motion
solid
the state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
liquid
the state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Symbol
Isotope
Periodic table
Deuterium
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
one of a group atoms of a elements with the same number of pr…
An arrangement of elements by increasing atomic number.
An isotope or hydrogen that has one proton and one neutron
Symbol
One or two letters that represent the name of an element
Isotope
one of a group atoms of a elements with the same number of pr…
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
~300 BC Democritus
~300 BC Aristotle
Early 1800s John Dalton
Early 1900s J.J. Thomson
Matter was tiny particles named Atomos
Matter is: Earth, water, air, fire, aether
Atomic Theory (s ideas)
Discovered electrons (negative change) Plum pudding model
~300 BC Democritus
Matter was tiny particles named Atomos
~300 BC Aristotle
Matter is: Earth, water, air, fire, aether
36 terms
Physics Chapter 3: Acceleration
acceleration
negative acceleration
An object is ___________________ whene…
true or false: acceleration is a vecto…
the rate of change in the velocity of an object
the speed of an object slowing down or stops
accelerating
true
acceleration
the rate of change in the velocity of an object
negative acceleration
the speed of an object slowing down or stops
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
The Three States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid, liquid and gas
A state of matter in which materials have a definite shape an…
A state of matter in which a material has a definite volume b…
A state of matter in which a material has neither a definite…
The Three States of Matter
Solid, liquid and gas
Solid
A state of matter in which materials have a definite shape an…
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