Study sets matching "physical chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "physical chapter 3"

29 terms
Physical science chapter 3
Four states of matter
States of matter based upon particle....
Particles of solids are...
Particles of solids have...
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
arrangement, energy, distance
Tightly packed, vibrating in a fixed position
Definite shape, definite volume (non-compressible)
Four states of matter
Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
States of matter based upon particle....
arrangement, energy, distance
22 terms
Glencoe Physical Science: Chapter 3
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Friction
Air Resistance
Gravity
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
A force that opposes the motion of objects to fall with diffe…
An attractive force between any two objects that depend on th…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
F= m*a... Force = acceleration x mass
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
59 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 States of Matter
kinetic theory of matter
solids
liquids
gases
matter is made of atoms and molecules, these atoms and molecu…
have a definite shape and volume, the particles are held clos…
have a change in shape but not volume, the particles move fas…
have a change in shape and volume, flows freely, the particle…
kinetic theory of matter
matter is made of atoms and molecules, these atoms and molecu…
solids
have a definite shape and volume, the particles are held clos…
Physical Science - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
evaporation
Boyle's Law
viscosity
melting
the process of liquid changing to gas at the surface of a liq…
principle that describes the relationship between the pressur…
a liquids resistance to flowing.
the change from the solid to the liquid state of matter.
evaporation
the process of liquid changing to gas at the surface of a liq…
Boyle's Law
principle that describes the relationship between the pressur…
93 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 3 Plus
Because its particles are free to move…
As they move, gas particles spread apa…
The particles of a solid substance are…
Vaporization
shape, volume
shape, volume
melting point
Takes place when the particles in a liquid gain enough energy…
Because its particles are free to move…
shape, volume
As they move, gas particles spread apa…
shape, volume
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
exothermic
endothermic .
solid
liquid
A reaction that gives off energy
Energy is absorbed
Has a definite shape and volume.
Has a definite volume, but not a definite shape.
exothermic
A reaction that gives off energy
endothermic .
Energy is absorbed
44 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 3: Forces
Newton's second law of motion
friction
law of gravitation
weight
states that a net force acting on an object causes the object…
force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces.
states that any two masses exert an attractive force on each…
gravitational force exerted on an object by Earth.
Newton's second law of motion
states that a net force acting on an object causes the object…
friction
force that opposes motion between two touching surfaces.
Physical Science chapter 3
Dimension
Standard
Metric system
Conversion factor
Measurable property
Agreed upon quantity
Decimal system of measurement for matter and energy
A multiplier for converting a quantity expressed in one set o…
Dimension
Measurable property
Standard
Agreed upon quantity
24 terms
Chapter 3 - Physical Science
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
solid
liquid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
definite shape and definite volume; particles packed tightly…
no definite shape, definite volume; particles can flow past o…
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
8 terms
CHAPTER 3 PHYSICAL SCIENCE
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
Definite shape and volume
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
A state of matter with no definite shape or volume
Energy of motion
solid
Definite shape and volume
liquid
A state of matter that has no definite shape but has a defini…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
solid
crystalline solids
amorphous solids
liquid
has definite shape and volume
solids made up of crystals and has repeating patterns
particles are arranged regular patterns
has definite volume but no shape of its own
solid
has definite shape and volume
crystalline solids
solids made up of crystals and has repeating patterns
BJU Physical Science Chapter 3
measurement
dimension
standard
instrument
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
a property that can be measured such as length, time, volume,…
a known quantity that everyone agrees will be used for compar…
any artificial device made for the purpose of refining, exten…
measurement
a comparison of a dimension of an object or substance to an a…
dimension
a property that can be measured such as length, time, volume,…
12 terms
IACS Physical Science - Chapter 3
Friction
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
Air Resistance
Force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
Frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
Frictional force that opposes the motion of two surfaces slid…
Force that opposes the motion of objects that move through th…
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
Static Friction
Frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
76 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Atom
Electron
Cells
Protons
is the smallest particle that still can be considered an elem…
a tiny, negative charged particle that moves around the outsi…
large oval organelle that contains the cells genetic material…
small, positive charged particles that are found in the nucle…
Atom
is the smallest particle that still can be considered an elem…
Electron
a tiny, negative charged particle that moves around the outsi…
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
33 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 3
Fluids
Plasma
Energy
Temperature
A non-solid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules a…
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
The capacity to do work.
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
Fluids
A non-solid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules a…
Plasma
A state of matter that consists of free-moving ions and elect…
BJU Physical World Chapter 3
matter
units
metric system
meter (m)
Anything that has mass and takes up space
standard quantities used to specify measurements
A decimal system based on tens for the measurement of length,…
Basic unit of length of the metric system.
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
units
standard quantities used to specify measurements
Physical Science Chapter 3 vocabualry
fluid
plasma
energy
temperature
A substance that flows
A state of matter that does not have a definite shape or volu…
Ability to do work
A measure of how hot or cold something is.
fluid
A substance that flows
plasma
A state of matter that does not have a definite shape or volu…
Physical Science Chapter 3 Vocab
Newtons Second Law of Motion
Friction
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
States that the acceleration of an object is in the same dire…
Force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
Frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding past…
Frictional force that opposes the motion of two surfaces slid…
Newtons Second Law of Motion
States that the acceleration of an object is in the same dire…
Friction
Force that opposes the sliding motion between two touching su…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
phases of matter
physical properties
crystal
crystalline solid
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
particles of a solid arranged in a regular, repeating pattern
solid made up of crystals
phases of matter
states of matter; solid, liquid, gas, plasma
physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the identity…
18 terms
Chapter 3 Physical and Chemical Properties
matter
property
mass
chemical property
anything that has mass and volume
characteristic of a substance
amount of matter in a substance
property that describes how a substance changes into a new su…
matter
anything that has mass and volume
property
characteristic of a substance
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
~300 BC Democritus
~300 BC Aristotle
Early 1800s John Dalton
Early 1900s J.J. Thomson
Matter was tiny particles named Atomos
Matter is: Earth, water, air, fire, aether
Atomic Theory (s ideas)
Discovered electrons (negative change) Plum pudding model
~300 BC Democritus
Matter was tiny particles named Atomos
~300 BC Aristotle
Matter is: Earth, water, air, fire, aether
Physical Science Chapter 3/14
Boyle's law
Charles's law
combined gas law
Freezing
_____ is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *pres…
_____is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *tempe…
P1V1/T1 = P2V2/T2
When liquid becomes solid - it loses energy so its exothermic
Boyle's law
_____ is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *pres…
Charles's law
_____is the volume of a gas increases as the gas's *tempe…
25 terms
Social Studies: Chapter 3 Our Physical Geography
geographic tool
continent
hemisphere
equator
a tool that tells where a place is and what it looks like
one of the seven large land areas on Earth
half of the globe when it is divided into either northern and…
on a map or globe , a line that appears halfway between the N…
geographic tool
a tool that tells where a place is and what it looks like
continent
one of the seven large land areas on Earth
18 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary Chapter 3
force
gravity
mass
weight
a push or a pull
the force of attraction that exists between any two objects
the amount of matter in an object
a measure of the pull of gravity on an object's mass
force
a push or a pull
gravity
the force of attraction that exists between any two objects
60 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
What are the extremely small particles…
What theory provides the basis for our…
State the two principles of the kineti…
What is the attraction between molecul…
atoms
atomic theory of matter
*All molecules of matter are in constant motion.... *The warmer…
cohesion
What are the extremely small particles…
atoms
What theory provides the basis for our…
atomic theory of matter
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Force
Net Force
Balanced Forces
Unbalanced Forces
A push or pull that one body applies to another.
When two or more forces combine at the same time.
Equal in size opposite in direction.
Unequal in size and/or opposite in direction.
Force
A push or pull that one body applies to another.
Net Force
When two or more forces combine at the same time.
Physical Science Chapter 3
Curiosity
Unit
standard
Qualitative and quantitative
What was the name of the rover that landed on Mars?
What is the name and size of a portion of a dimension that ha…
What is a known quality; a quality of dimension that everyone…
What are two kinds of data?
Curiosity
What was the name of the rover that landed on Mars?
Unit
What is the name and size of a portion of a dimension that ha…
15 terms
Pryor Physical Science Chapter 3
air resistance
force
friction
net force
frictional force air exerts on a moving object; acts opposite…
a push or pull exerted on an object
the force that opposes the motion of one surface as it moves…
the combination of all forces acting on an object
air resistance
frictional force air exerts on a moving object; acts opposite…
force
a push or pull exerted on an object
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
The Three States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Solid, liquid and gas
A state of matter in which materials have a definite shape an…
A state of matter in which a material has a definite volume b…
A state of matter in which a material has neither a definite…
The Three States of Matter
Solid, liquid and gas
Solid
A state of matter in which materials have a definite shape an…
16 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
state of matter
solid
liquid
crystalline solids
a physical form in which a substance can exist
state in which matter has definite shape and volume
state in which matter has a definite volume but takes the sha…
have particles arranged in orderly patterns
state of matter
a physical form in which a substance can exist
solid
state in which matter has definite shape and volume
Physical Science Chapter 3
D
R
T
P
symbol for distance
symbol for speed, rate, and velocity
symbol for time
symbol for momentum
D
symbol for distance
R
symbol for speed, rate, and velocity
Physical Science Chapter3
energy
Law of conservation of energy
Energy forms (5)
work
the ability to work
Energy cannot be created nor destroyed but it can be changed…
mechanical, electric, chemical, radiant, nuclear energy
w=Fd
energy
the ability to work
Law of conservation of energy
Energy cannot be created nor destroyed but it can be changed…
27 terms
Chapter 3: Physical Evidence
Class characteristics
Comparison
Identification
Individual characteristics
Properties of evidence that can be associated only with a gro…
The process of ascertaining whether two or more objects have…
The process of determining a substance's physical or chemical…
Properties of evidence that can be attributed to a common sou…
Class characteristics
Properties of evidence that can be associated only with a gro…
Comparison
The process of ascertaining whether two or more objects have…
11 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
Physical Science Chapter 3
According to the Kinetic theory of mat…
The higher the temperature of a substa…
More massive particles move slower tha…
Three common states of matter
Matter is made of atoms and molecules that are ALWAYS in moti…
The faster the particles move
Less massive particles
Solid, liquid and gas
According to the Kinetic theory of mat…
Matter is made of atoms and molecules that are ALWAYS in moti…
The higher the temperature of a substa…
The faster the particles move
11 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 3
Newton's second law of motion
Friction
Static friction
Sliding friction
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
the force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
the frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding…
the force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
Newton's second law of motion
the acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
Friction
the force that opposes the sliding motion of two surfaces tha…
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
force
net force
balanced
friction
push or pull
the sum of two or more forces
the sum of the forces = 0; the sum of two or more equal and o…
force that opposes a sliding motion (micro-welds)
force
push or pull
net force
the sum of two or more forces
57 terms
Physical Diagnosis-Chapter 3
Standard Precautions
Standard Precautions are based on the…
Transmission-Based Precautions
Latex Allergy
-Used for care of ALL patients regardless of presumed infecti…
Blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat), no…
Second tier of precautions designed for the care of specified…
Occurs when body's immune system reacts with proteins in late…
Standard Precautions
-Used for care of ALL patients regardless of presumed infecti…
Standard Precautions are based on the…
Blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat), no…
25 terms
Physical Science-Chapter 3
Meniscus
Volume
Electronic Balance
Balance
The curved surface
The space enclosed or occupied by an object.
Uses the principle that equal masses weigh the same at a give…
A simple instrument that compare a known mass to an unknown m…
Meniscus
The curved surface
Volume
The space enclosed or occupied by an object.
Physical Science Chapter 3
States of matter
Solids
Liquids
Gases
Materials can be classified as solids, liquids, or gases base…
is the state of matter in which materials have a definite sha…
is the state of matter in which a material has a definite vol…
is the state of matter in which a material has neither a defi…
States of matter
Materials can be classified as solids, liquids, or gases base…
Solids
is the state of matter in which materials have a definite sha…
Physical Science Chapter 3
element
Lavoisier
atomic number
isotope
substance made out of the same type of atom
Law of Conservation of Matter
number of protons in the nucleus of each atom of a given elem…
form of a chemical element whose atomic nucleus contains a sp…
element
substance made out of the same type of atom
Lavoisier
Law of Conservation of Matter
15 terms
Physical Science chapter 3
Error
Accuracy
Conversion Factor
Instrument.
The difference between a measurement and the actual value.
How close a measurement comes to actual value.
The ratio of two units.
Measurement Device.
Error
The difference between a measurement and the actual value.
Accuracy
How close a measurement comes to actual value.
21 terms
WCA - Physical Science Chapter 3 - Clark
solid
liquid
gas
kinetic energy
The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
The state of matter in which a material has neither a definit…
The energy an object has due to its motion.
solid
The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape…
liquid
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume…
Physical Science, Chapter 3
Newtons Second law of Motion
Friction
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
The acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
The force that opposes the sliding motion of the two surfaces…
The frictional force that prevents two surfaces from sliding…
The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding pas…
Newtons Second law of Motion
The acceleration of an object is in the same direction as the…
Friction
The force that opposes the sliding motion of the two surfaces…
Chapter 3 Physical Science
3 states of matter
Crystalline solid
Amorphous solid
solids
1. solid... 2.liquid... 3. gas
have a definite repeating patter of their particles (crystals…
have particles which are not arranged in a regular pattern... ex…
1. definite shape and definite volume... 2. particles are packed…
3 states of matter
1. solid... 2.liquid... 3. gas
Crystalline solid
have a definite repeating patter of their particles (crystals…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3 Work and Simple Machines
mechanical work (W)
power (P)
simple machine
mechanical advantage (MA)
the equivalent of the amount of energy transferred to an obje…
the rate of doing work, measured in watts (w)
a basic mechanical device that either reduces effort or incre…
a measure of the reduction in effort to do a certain amount o…
mechanical work (W)
the equivalent of the amount of energy transferred to an obje…
power (P)
the rate of doing work, measured in watts (w)
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