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Study sets matching "physical science 5"

28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
Physical Science: Vocab #5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in a periodic table of elements; the time required for…
a column of elements in a periodic table.
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in a periodic table of elements; the time required for…
20 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5 Chemical Reactions
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Reactant
Precipitate
a change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
a change in which one or more substance combine or break apar…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction
Physical Change
a change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
Chemical Change
a change in which one or more substance combine or break apar…
30 terms
Physical Science - Unit 5
Mid 1700s
Chemists took notes on these
Antoine Lavoisier
The four types of elements (Antoine La…
When we discovered more elements, up to here, we knew less th…
Flash cards
Took the 33 known elements and separated them out the element…
- Metals... - Nonmetals... - Gases... - Earths
Mid 1700s
When we discovered more elements, up to here, we knew less th…
Chemists took notes on these
Flash cards
92 terms
Physical Science
Atomic number
Atomic mass
group number
protons
equal to the number of protons
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
equal to the number of valence electrons
positive charge, found in nucleus
Atomic number
equal to the number of protons
Atomic mass
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
15 terms
Derek Owens Physical Science 8.5
organic
polymer
Buckminster Fuller
kerosene, gasoline, tar, diesel
what do you call a compound containing carbon
what do you call a long molecule mae from repeating units cha…
who invented the geodesic dome
List types of fuel that come from crude oil
organic
what do you call a compound containing carbon
polymer
what do you call a long molecule mae from repeating units cha…
15 terms
ch 5 physical science
work
power
compound machine
efficiency
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
amount of work done in a certain amount of time.
combination of two or more simple machines
measure of how much work put into a machine is changed into w…
work
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
power
amount of work done in a certain amount of time.
Physical science 5
Periodic Law
Period
Group
Ion
When elements are arranged in this way, elements that have si…
Each row of the periodic table
Each column of the period table
A charged atom
Periodic Law
When elements are arranged in this way, elements that have si…
Period
Each row of the periodic table
75 terms
Physical Science Exercise 5
Electric current which is normally pro…
The unit of electric current is called:
Any material having free charged parti…
The flow of electrons through a circui…
Alternating current
ampere
conductor
current
Electric current which is normally pro…
Alternating current
The unit of electric current is called:
ampere
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
chemical change
Physical change
energy level
Ion
change that produces one or more new substances with new chem…
change in which the appearance (physical properties) of a sub…
one of the spaces around the nucleus of an atom in which an e…
an atom that has either a positive or a negative charge
chemical change
change that produces one or more new substances with new chem…
Physical change
change in which the appearance (physical properties) of a sub…
Physical Science (Chapter 5)
Energy
Mechanical energy
Heat
Light
the ability to do work or cause a change
stored energy plus it's energy of motion
the flow of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
energy that can be seen
Energy
the ability to do work or cause a change
Mechanical energy
stored energy plus it's energy of motion
52 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Elements are classified as:
Located to the left of the staircase l…
Good conductors of heat and electricity
Solids at room temperature, except for…
a) Metals... b) Nonmetals... c) Semiconductors
metals
metals
metals
Elements are classified as:
a) Metals... b) Nonmetals... c) Semiconductors
Located to the left of the staircase l…
metals
31 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
force (F)
newton (N)
strong nuclear force
electromagnetic force
a vector usually described as a push or a pull on a system
a unit of force in SI
strongly attracts (at distances equal to proton diameters) an…
attractive or repulsive forces related to moving or unmoving…
force (F)
a vector usually described as a push or a pull on a system
newton (N)
a unit of force in SI
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Periodic Table
period
group
periodic law
A chart of the elements showing the repeating pattern of thei…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
A column on the periodic table
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Periodic Table
A chart of the elements showing the repeating pattern of thei…
period
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in a periodic table of elements
a column in a periodic table of elements
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in a periodic table of elements
12 terms
Physical Science #5 Quiz
Chemistry
Matter
Substance
Element
the study of matter and its chemical and physical properties
anything that takes up space and has mass
a single type of matter that is pure
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other subtan…
Chemistry
the study of matter and its chemical and physical properties
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
58 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5
Elastic
Vibration
Periodic motion
Equilibrium position
Material that is capable of recovering it's shape after a for…
Back and forth motion that repeats itself
Motion that repeats itself
When the mass had not been disturbed
Elastic
Material that is capable of recovering it's shape after a for…
Vibration
Back and forth motion that repeats itself
Ch. 5 Physical Science
Elements 1 through _________ are consi…
The name of the first group on the per…
_________ have a negative charge and c…
Group 18 on the periodic table are kno…
92
Alkali metals
Electron
Noble gases
Elements 1 through _________ are consi…
92
The name of the first group on the per…
Alkali metals
8 terms
Physical Science PSSA Review #5
continental drift
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
plate tectonics
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the…
The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away fr…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Pangaea
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the…
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
energy
kinetic energy
joule
potential energy
the ability to do work
the energy a moving object has because of its motion
SI unit of energy
stored energy due to position
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
the energy a moving object has because of its motion
11 terms
Physical Science Unit 5
Compound
Octet Rule
Rule of Zero Chanrge
Lewis Dot Structure
two or more chemically bonded atoms that make up a new substa…
all atoms form bonds to try to fill their outer valence shell
atoms of opposite charges come together
Compound
two or more chemically bonded atoms that make up a new substa…
Octet Rule
all atoms form bonds to try to fill their outer valence shell
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
An object's change in position relative to a reference point
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
The speed of an object in a particular direction
The rate at which velocity changes over time; an object accel…
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point
Speed
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Aristotle
Archimedes
Galileo
Isaac Newton
Believed that all matter possessed an urge to move in certain…
1st to write about the causes of motion
motions of objects change because of a push or a pull on them…
named push and pull as forces... described gravitational forces…
Aristotle
Believed that all matter possessed an urge to move in certain…
Archimedes
1st to write about the causes of motion
10 terms
Physical Science Ch 4/5
energy level
nonmetal
group
valence electron
possible energies electrons can have
elements that are poor conductors of heat & electricity (righ…
column down on periodic table
electron in the highest occupied energy level of an atom
energy level
possible energies electrons can have
nonmetal
elements that are poor conductors of heat & electricity (righ…
10 terms
week 5 physical science
chemical property
chemical change
compound
distillation
any characteristic of a substance such as flammability. indic…
change in identity of the substance. temperature, color, prod…
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
the action of purifying a liquid by a process of heating and…
chemical property
any characteristic of a substance such as flammability. indic…
chemical change
change in identity of the substance. temperature, color, prod…
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Melting Point
Intermolecular
Condesation
Heat Conduction
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
forces of attraction between molecules
A change of state where gas is cooled and forms a liquid
the transfer of heat by the direct contact of particles of ma…
Melting Point
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
Intermolecular
forces of attraction between molecules
12 terms
Physical science chapter 5
Period
Groups
Periodic law
Atomic mass unit (amu)
Each row in the table of element
Each column on the periodic table is called a group
The pattern of repeating properties display by element in the…
Is defined as one twelfth the mass of carbon-12 atom
Period
Each row in the table of element
Groups
Each column on the periodic table is called a group
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 5
work
power
machine
input force
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
the amount of work done in one second
a device that makes doing work easier
the force applied to the machine
work
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
power
the amount of work done in one second
23 terms
physical science
atom
electron
nucleolus
protons
is the smallest particle of an element
the negatively charged particles
positively charged particle
positively charged particles
atom
is the smallest particle of an element
electron
the negatively charged particles
18 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5
reference point
motion
speed
velocity
an object that appears to stay in place
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
the distance traveled divided by the time taken to travel tha…
the speed of an object in a particular direction
reference point
an object that appears to stay in place
motion
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
13 terms
Apologia Physical Science - Module #5
Hydrosphere
Hydrologic cycle
Transpiration
Condensation
The sum of all the water on a planet.
The process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
Evaporation of water from plants.
The process by which gas turns into a liquid.
Hydrosphere
The sum of all the water on a planet.
Hydrologic cycle
The process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
33 terms
Physical Science CH 5 Vocabulary
Work
Power
Machine
Effort Force
A force that is exerted over some distance
The rate at which work is done
A machine that makes doing work easier (meaning it takes less…
The force applied TO the machine (by the user of the machine)
Work
A force that is exerted over some distance
Power
The rate at which work is done
38 terms
AGS Physical Science Chapter 5
chemical change
physical change
energy level
ion
a change that produces one or more new substances with new ch…
a change in which the physical properties of a substance chan…
one of the spaces around the nucleus of an atom in which an e…
an atom that has either a postive or a negative charge
chemical change
a change that produces one or more new substances with new ch…
physical change
a change in which the physical properties of a substance chan…
58 terms
Combo with "Physical Science 5 ALL COMBINE
Frame of Reference
The Earth
nonmoving
Distance
the point from which movement is determined
Most common frame of reference?
To measure frame of reference, some point must be considered…
length of a path between two points
Frame of Reference
the point from which movement is determined
The Earth
Most common frame of reference?
15 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Mass
Volume
Weight
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
Amount of space an object takes up.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
36 terms
PHYSICAL SCIENCE CH. 5
resistance
effort
resistance
effort
force applied by a machine to overcome another force
force that is applied to the machine
output force
input force
resistance
force applied by a machine to overcome another force
effort
force that is applied to the machine
Physical Science Quiz #5
element
compound
molecule
pure substance
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
a substance that contains two or more different elements chem…
a group of two or more atoms joined together by chemical bonds
matter that cannot be separated into other types of matter by…
element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
compound
a substance that contains two or more different elements chem…
19 terms
Apologia Physical Science Module 5
hydrosphere
hydrologic cycle
transpiration
condensation
the sum of all water on a planet
the process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
evaporation of water from plants
the process by which a gas turns into a liquid
hydrosphere
the sum of all water on a planet
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
11 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5
motion
speed
velocity
acceleration
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
the distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
the speed of an object in particular direction
the rate at which velocity changed over time; an object accel…
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
speed
the distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
14 terms
Physical Science Test #5
Static Friction
Sliding Friction
Rolling Friction
Fluid Friction
The friction force that acts on objects that are not moving (…
Is a force that opposes the direction of motion of an object…
The friction force that acts on moving objects
Force that opposes the motion of an object through a fluid
Static Friction
The friction force that acts on objects that are not moving (…
Sliding Friction
Is a force that opposes the direction of motion of an object…
10 terms
Physical science #5
Reactivity
Combustion
Chemical change
Example of chemical changes
How easily an element will form bonds with other elements;che…
Burning of a substance; requires oxygen; chemical property
When a substance is changed into a new substance with differe…
Baking a cake, cooking an egg, burning wood, using fossil fue…
Reactivity
How easily an element will form bonds with other elements;che…
Combustion
Burning of a substance; requires oxygen; chemical property
10 terms
Science 200 # 5 Physical
tension
permanent magnet
electron
gravitational field
a force that pulls objects apart
a magnet that retains its magnetism even after being removed…
tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electric…
a vector quantity that relates the mass of an object to the g…
tension
a force that pulls objects apart
permanent magnet
a magnet that retains its magnetism even after being removed…
42 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 5
Periodic Table
Describe how Mendeleev organized the e…
How did the discovery of new elements…
Scientists before Mendeleev had propos…
An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
Mendeleev arranged the elements into rows in order of increas…
The close math between Mendeleev's predictions and the actual…
He was able to offer the best explanation for how the propert…
Periodic Table
An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
Describe how Mendeleev organized the e…
Mendeleev arranged the elements into rows in order of increas…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Mechanical energy
The ability to cause change
Energy in the form of motion
Stored energy
The total amount of kinetic and potential energy in a system
Energy
The ability to cause change
Kinetic energy
Energy in the form of motion
12 terms
Physical Science 4.4 & 4.5
Nonmetal
Diatomic Molecule
Halogen
Noble Gas
An element that lacks most of the properties of metals.
A molecule consisting of two atoms.
An element in group 17 of the periodic table.
An element in group 18 of the periodic table.
Nonmetal
An element that lacks most of the properties of metals.
Diatomic Molecule
A molecule consisting of two atoms.
20 terms
Apologia Physical Science Module 5
hydrosphere
hydrologic cycle
*transpiration
*condensation
the sum of all water on a planet
the process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
evaporation of water from plants
the process by which a gas turns into a liquid
hydrosphere
the sum of all water on a planet
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
62 terms
Physical Science 4-5
On the periodic table, if the backgrou…
On the periodic table, if the backgrou…
On the periodic table, if the backgrou…
Elements are classified as what?
metal
nonmetal
metalloid
metals, nonmetals, metalloids
On the periodic table, if the backgrou…
metal
On the periodic table, if the backgrou…
nonmetal
35 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5
vibration
frequency
hertz
amplitude
A back and forth motion that repeats itself
the number of vibrations that occur in 1 s
SI unit of frequency
the maximum displacement from rest to the crest or from rest…
vibration
A back and forth motion that repeats itself
frequency
the number of vibrations that occur in 1 s
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Energy Level
Ion
Chemical Bond
Chemical Formula
A particular region where electrons can orbit a nucleus.
A charged atom
the force that holds two atoms together
shows the number and types of atoms in a compound
Energy Level
A particular region where electrons can orbit a nucleus.
Ion
A charged atom
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