Study sets matching "physical science 5"

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Study sets matching "physical science 5"

Holt physical Science Chapter 5
An element is made up of only one type…
An element is a pure substance that ca…
Every element has a unique property, i…
Characteristic properties like boiling…
What is an element made up of?
What is an element?
What does every element have?
What does a characteristic property depend on?
An element is made up of only one type…
What is an element made up of?
An element is a pure substance that ca…
What is an element?
14 terms
physical science chp. 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
is an arrangement of elements in columns
each row in the table of elements
each column on the periodic table
this pattern of repeating properties
periodic table
is an arrangement of elements in columns
period
each row in the table of elements
14 terms
physical science Ch. 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in the periodic table
a column of elements in the periodic table
a pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in th…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in the periodic table
14 terms
Chapotear 5 physical science
Periodic table
Period
Group
Periodic law
An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
A row in a periodic table of elements.
A column of elements in a periodic table.
The pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
Periodic table
An arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
Period
A row in a periodic table of elements.
6 terms
module 5 physical science
transpiration
condensation
percipitation
residence time
evaporation of water from plants
the process by which a gas turns into liquid
water falling from the atmosphere as rain, sleet, snow, or hail
the average time a given particle will stay in a given system
transpiration
evaporation of water from plants
condensation
the process by which a gas turns into liquid
Chapter 5 Physical Science
Periodic Table
Period
Group
Periodic Law
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
*A column on the periodic table
the law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Periodic Table
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
Period
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table.
15 terms
physical science part 5
chemical change
chemical property
condensation
density
the process of substance being chemically changed into other…
the manner in which substances change structure when rearrang…
The change from a gas to a liquid.
an intensive physical property of a substance described by it…
chemical change
the process of substance being chemically changed into other…
chemical property
the manner in which substances change structure when rearrang…
14 terms
physical science 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in a periodic table of elements
a column of elements in a periodic table
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in a periodic table of elements
13 terms
physical science mod 5
Hydrosphere
hydrologic cycle
transpiration
condensation
the sum of all water on the planet
the process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
evaporation of water from plants
the process by which gas turns into a liquid
Hydrosphere
the sum of all water on the planet
hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
13 terms
PHYSICAL SCIENCE: Module #5
Hydrosphere
Hydrologic cycle
Transpiration
condensation
The sum of all water on a planet
the process by which water is continuously exchanged by earth…
Evaporation of water from plants
the process by which a gas turns into a liquid
Hydrosphere
The sum of all water on a planet
Hydrologic cycle
the process by which water is continuously exchanged by earth…
physical science 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in a periodic table of elements
a column of elements in a periodic table
the pattern of repeating properties displaying by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in a periodic table of elements
18 terms
Physical Science ch.5
Heat conduction
Melting point
Intermolecular forces
Condensation
The transfer of heat by the direct context of particles of ma…
The temperature a substance changes from solid to a local liq…
Forces between separate atoms that are attractive at a distan…
Occurs when molecules from gas to liquid at the temperature b…
Heat conduction
The transfer of heat by the direct context of particles of ma…
Melting point
The temperature a substance changes from solid to a local liq…
Physical Science: Vocab #5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in a periodic table of elements; the time required for…
a column of elements in a periodic table.
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in a periodic table of elements; the time required for…
15 terms
Chapter 5 Physical Science
chemical bond
Chemical structure
bond length
bond angle
the attractive force that holds atoms ... or ions together
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms ... or ions together
Chemical structure
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
Physical Science Chapter 5
Physical Property
Density
State of Matter
Chemical Property
Any characteristic of matter that can be observed without cha…
Amount of mass in an object. Mass divided by volume
Physical property that describes a substance as a solid, liqu…
Characteristic of something that permits change to something…
Physical Property
Any characteristic of matter that can be observed without cha…
Density
Amount of mass in an object. Mass divided by volume
Physical Science 5
Amplitude
Crest
Trough
Frequency
The distance from the midpoint to the crest or trough of a wa…
The high point of a wave.
The low point of a wave.
How frequently a vibration occurs.
Amplitude
The distance from the midpoint to the crest or trough of a wa…
Crest
The high point of a wave.
Physical Science Chapter 5
Chemical Bond
Chemical Structure
Bond Length
Bond Angle
The attractive force that holds atoms or ions together.
The arrangement of atoms in a substance.
The average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms.
The angle formed by two bonds to the same atom.
Chemical Bond
The attractive force that holds atoms or ions together.
Chemical Structure
The arrangement of atoms in a substance.
32 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5 All Terms
law of inertia
mechanical equilibrium
law of accelerated motion
action-reaction principle
states that objects at rest tend to remain at rest or objects…
condition in which all forces acting on a system are balanced…
states that the acceleration of a system is directly proporti…
states that for every force there is an equal but opposite fo…
law of inertia
states that objects at rest tend to remain at rest or objects…
mechanical equilibrium
condition in which all forces acting on a system are balanced…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
15 terms
Derek Owens Physical Science 8.5
organic
polymer
Buckminster Fuller
kerosene, gasoline, tar, diesel
what do you call a compound containing carbon
what do you call a long molecule mae from repeating units cha…
who invented the geodesic dome
List types of fuel that come from crude oil
organic
what do you call a compound containing carbon
polymer
what do you call a long molecule mae from repeating units cha…
33 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5 Chemical Reactions
precipitate
endothermic reaction
catalyst
concentration
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
A material that increases the rate of a chemical reaction by…
The amount of one material dissolved in a given amount of ano…
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
endothermic reaction
A reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
valence electrons
electron dot diagram
chemical bond
ion
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
The force that holds atoms together
an atom or group of atoms that has become electrically charged
valence electrons
the electrons that are in the highest energy level of an atom…
electron dot diagram
a representation of the valence electrons in an atom, using d…
16 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5 quiz 2
conservation of momentum
balanced force
contact force
electromagnetic force
states that in a system of colliding objects, the sum of thei…
a force that is in combination with other forces acting on th…
a force that acts between systems only when one system touche…
the attractive or repulsive force produced by static and movi…
conservation of momentum
states that in a system of colliding objects, the sum of thei…
balanced force
a force that is in combination with other forces acting on th…
10 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary #5
coordinate
data point
graph
horizontal axis (or x-axis)
a pair of numbers used to determine the position of a point o…
a point on a graph showing the location of a piece of data
a picture of information from a data table; shows a relations…
a line that runs left to right along the bottom of a graph, o…
coordinate
a pair of numbers used to determine the position of a point o…
data point
a point on a graph showing the location of a piece of data
37 terms
Physical Science - Unit 5
Mid 1700s
Chemists took notes on these
Antoine Lavoisier
The four types of elements (Antoine La…
When we discovered more elements, up to here, we knew less th…
Flash cards
Took the 33 known elements and separated them out the element…
- Metals... - Nonmetals... - Gases... - Earths
Mid 1700s
When we discovered more elements, up to here, we knew less th…
Chemists took notes on these
Flash cards
Physical Science Chapter 5
Chemical Formula
lattice structure
bond length
bond angle
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
regular 3-D array of atoms, crystals and solid metals have th…
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
Chemical Formula
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
lattice structure
regular 3-D array of atoms, crystals and solid metals have th…
58 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5
Elastic
Vibration
Periodic motion
Equilibrium position
Material that is capable of recovering it's shape after a for…
Back and forth motion that repeats itself
Motion that repeats itself
When the mass had not been disturbed
Elastic
Material that is capable of recovering it's shape after a for…
Vibration
Back and forth motion that repeats itself
ch 5 physical science
work
power
compound machine
efficiency
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
amount of work done in a certain amount of time.
combination of two or more simple machines
measure of how much work put into a machine is changed into w…
work
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
power
amount of work done in a certain amount of time.
20 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5 Chemical Reactions
Physical Change
Chemical Change
Reactant
Precipitate
a change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
a change in which one or more substance combine or break apar…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction
Physical Change
a change that alters the form or appearance of a material but…
Chemical Change
a change in which one or more substance combine or break apar…
Physical science 5
Periodic Law
Period
Group
Ion
When elements are arranged in this way, elements that have si…
Each row of the periodic table
Each column of the period table
A charged atom
Periodic Law
When elements are arranged in this way, elements that have si…
Period
Each row of the periodic table
Physical Science (Chapter 5)
Energy
Mechanical energy
Heat
Light
the ability to do work or cause a change
stored energy plus it's energy of motion
the flow of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
energy that can be seen
Energy
the ability to do work or cause a change
Mechanical energy
stored energy plus it's energy of motion
Physical Science Exercise 5
Electric current which is normally pro…
The unit of electric current is called:
Any material having free charged parti…
The flow of electrons through a circui…
Alternating current
ampere
conductor
current
Electric current which is normally pro…
Alternating current
The unit of electric current is called:
ampere
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Periodic Table
period
group
periodic law
A chart of the elements showing the repeating pattern of thei…
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
A column on the periodic table
The law that states that the repeating chemical and physical…
Periodic Table
A chart of the elements showing the repeating pattern of thei…
period
A horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
Physical Science Ch. 5
Valence electrons
Period
Group
In lower left and middle, good conduct…
Electrons in the outside energy level
Side to side rows on the periodic table
The up and down columns on the periodic table
List four characteristics of properties of most metals
Valence electrons
Electrons in the outside energy level
Period
Side to side rows on the periodic table
52 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Elements are classified as:
Located to the left of the staircase l…
Good conductors of heat and electricity
Solids at room temperature, except for…
a) Metals... b) Nonmetals... c) Semiconductors
metals
metals
metals
Elements are classified as:
a) Metals... b) Nonmetals... c) Semiconductors
Located to the left of the staircase l…
metals
31 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
force (F)
newton (N)
strong nuclear force
electromagnetic force
a vector usually described as a push or a pull on a system
a unit of force in SI
strongly attracts (at distances equal to proton diameters) an…
attractive or repulsive forces related to moving or unmoving…
force (F)
a vector usually described as a push or a pull on a system
newton (N)
a unit of force in SI
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
periodic table
period
group
periodic law
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
a row in a periodic table of elements
a column in a periodic table of elements
the pattern of repeating properties displayed by elements in…
periodic table
an arrangement of elements in columns, based on a set of prop…
period
a row in a periodic table of elements
12 terms
Physical Science #5 Quiz
Chemistry
Matter
Substance
Element
the study of matter and its chemical and physical properties
anything that takes up space and has mass
a single type of matter that is pure
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other subtan…
Chemistry
the study of matter and its chemical and physical properties
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Ch. 5 Physical Science
Elements 1 through _________ are consi…
The name of the first group on the per…
_________ have a negative charge and c…
Group 18 on the periodic table are kno…
92
Alkali metals
Electron
Noble gases
Elements 1 through _________ are consi…
92
The name of the first group on the per…
Alkali metals
25 terms
Physical Science
Atmosphere
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
mmHg
The mass of air surrounding a planet
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
millimeters of mercury
Atmosphere
The mass of air surrounding a planet
Atmospheric pressure
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
Physical Science PSSA Review #5
continental drift
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
plate tectonics
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the…
The process that creates new sea floor as plates move away fr…
A theory stating that the earth's surface is broken into plat…
continental drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Pangaea
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the…
Physical Science
Atomic number
Atomic mass
group number
protons
equal to the number of protons
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
equal to the number of valence electrons
positive charge, found in nucleus
Atomic number
equal to the number of protons
Atomic mass
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
An object's change in position relative to a reference point
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
The speed of an object in a particular direction
The rate at which velocity changes over time; an object accel…
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point
Speed
The distance traveled divided by the time interval during whi…
Physical Science Chapter 5
Aristotle
Archimedes
Galileo
Isaac Newton
Believed that all matter possessed an urge to move in certain…
1st to write about the causes of motion
motions of objects change because of a push or a pull on them…
named push and pull as forces... described gravitational forces…
Aristotle
Believed that all matter possessed an urge to move in certain…
Archimedes
1st to write about the causes of motion
Physical Science Chapter 5
Melting Point
Intermolecular
Condesation
Heat Conduction
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
forces of attraction between molecules
A change of state where gas is cooled and forms a liquid
the transfer of heat by the direct contact of particles of ma…
Melting Point
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to…
Intermolecular
forces of attraction between molecules
11 terms
Physical Science Unit 5
Compound
Octet Rule
Rule of Zero Chanrge
Lewis Dot Structure
two or more chemically bonded atoms that make up a new substa…
all atoms form bonds to try to fill their outer valence shell
atoms of opposite charges come together
Compound
two or more chemically bonded atoms that make up a new substa…
Octet Rule
all atoms form bonds to try to fill their outer valence shell
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 5
work
power
machine
input force
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
the amount of work done in one second
a device that makes doing work easier
the force applied to the machine
work
transfer of energy that occurs when a force makes an object m…
power
the amount of work done in one second
13 terms
Apologia Physical Science - Module #5
Hydrosphere
Hydrologic cycle
Transpiration
Condensation
The sum of all the water on a planet.
The process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
Evaporation of water from plants.
The process by which gas turns into a liquid.
Hydrosphere
The sum of all the water on a planet.
Hydrologic cycle
The process by which water is continuously exchanged between…
10 terms
week 5 physical science
chemical property
chemical change
compound
distillation
any characteristic of a substance such as flammability. indic…
change in identity of the substance. temperature, color, prod…
a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a…
the action of purifying a liquid by a process of heating and…
chemical property
any characteristic of a substance such as flammability. indic…
chemical change
change in identity of the substance. temperature, color, prod…
18 terms
Physical Science Ch. 5
reference point
motion
speed
velocity
an object that appears to stay in place
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
the distance traveled divided by the time taken to travel tha…
the speed of an object in a particular direction
reference point
an object that appears to stay in place
motion
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
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