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Study sets matching "physical science 8 chapter 9"

23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 (Trilogy)
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat source
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes.
A reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits. En…
A reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and ene…
heat
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
heat source
A place from which heat energy comes.
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
The sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance.
a piston engine containing a working gas that is transferred…
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
internal energy
The sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance.
8 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
Speed
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
velocity
the distance an object travels per unit of time
the overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
the speed of an object at one instant of time
speed in a given direction
Speed
the distance an object travels per unit of time
Average speed
the overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
organic compound -
hydrocarbon -
saturated hydrocarbon -
unsaturated hydrocarbon -
most compounds that contain carbon.
a compound that has only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
a hydrocarbon molecule that has only single bonds.
a hydrocarbon with one or more double or triple bonds.
organic compound -
most compounds that contain carbon.
hydrocarbon -
a compound that has only carbon and hydrogen atoms.
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Thermal Equilibrium
How does heat flow?
Specific Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
Heat flows from an object of a higher temperature to an objec…
-Amount of heat needed to raise temperature of 1 kg of materi…
Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
Thermal Equilibrium
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
11 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or…
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
the energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position rela…
the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy. It is the ene…
energy
the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or…
kinetic energy
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
22 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
radioactivity
nuclear radiation
alpha decay
alpha particle
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
a nucleus gives up two protons and two neutrons during...
a positively charged atom that is released in the disintegrat…
radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
nuclear radiation
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Motion
Reference Point
International System Of Units
Meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientist to measure the pro…
The basic SI unit of length
Motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Biomass
Fossil Fuels
Geothermal Energy
Hydroelectricity
Is a renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugar cane fiber…
Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal are ca…
The thermal energy that is contained in hot magma is called g…
Electricity produced through the moving the moving water is c…
Biomass
Is a renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugar cane fiber…
Fossil Fuels
Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal are ca…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Heraclitus
Francis Bacon
Joseph Black
Lavoisier
claimed there were three natural elements—earth, water, and f…
English philosopher and scientist that said that motion is th…
suggested heat was like an invisible fluid
called the heat-fluid "caloric"
Heraclitus
claimed there were three natural elements—earth, water, and f…
Francis Bacon
English philosopher and scientist that said that motion is th…
37 terms
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
93 terms
Physical Science chapter 9
90
diamonds, graphite, buckminsterfullere…
diamond
diamond
____% of compounds in nature are based off of carbon
pure forms of carbon in nature
hardest know substance made. natural form of carbon. network…
hardest known substance
90
____% of compounds in nature are based off of carbon
diamonds, graphite, buckminsterfullere…
pure forms of carbon in nature
14 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
caloric theory
thermodynamics
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
a model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
the study of thermal energy, heat and their useful applications
a temperature scale with fiducial points at the freezing poin…
a temperature scale with fiducial points at the freezing poin…
caloric theory
a model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
thermodynamics
the study of thermal energy, heat and their useful applications
28 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
A model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
the total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a s…
a closed system and an external combustion engine
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
caloric theory
A model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
internal energy
the total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a s…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
What is Distance?
What is displacement?
What is a vector?
What is the reference point?
The total length of a path between two points (p.340)
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
A quantity that consists of both magnitude and direction (p.3…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
What is Distance?
The total length of a path between two points (p.340)
What is displacement?
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Heat Source
Nuclear fission
Nuclear fussion
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes
the reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits a…
The reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and e…
Heat
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
Heat Source
A place from which heat energy comes
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Conduction
Convection
Entropy
First law of Thermodynamics
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
A measure of how spread out, or dispersed energy is.
States that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Convection
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Conduction
Convention
Entropy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
A measure of how spread out, or dispersed energy is.
States that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Convention
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Element
Compound
Substance
Mixture
All of the atoms that make up an element are the same
Materials made from atoms of two or more elements combined
Either an element or a compound
A material made up of two or more substances that can be sepa…
Element
All of the atoms that make up an element are the same
Compound
Materials made from atoms of two or more elements combined
10 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9 - Motion
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
the state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
(SI) the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure t…
the basic SI unit of length
motion
the state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
What is Distance?
What is displacement?
What is a vector?
What is the reference point?
The total length of a path between two points
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
A quantity that consists of both magnitude and direction
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
What is Distance?
The total length of a path between two points
What is displacement?
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
Physical Science Chapter 9 Thermodynamics
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
an obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
the sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance
a piston engine containing a working gas that is transferred…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
caloric theory
an obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
internal energy
the sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance
20 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Fuels formed from the decaying remains…
A highly flammable liquid formed by de…
An energy source that is replaced near…
Uses energy from controlled nuclear re…
Fossil fuel
Petroleum
Renewable resources
Nuclear reactor
Fuels formed from the decaying remains…
Fossil fuel
A highly flammable liquid formed by de…
Petroleum
20 terms
GR 8 chapter 9 study guide -physical science
motion
reference point
meter
speed
a change in position relative to a reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
the SI Unit for length
distance an object travels per unit of time
motion
a change in position relative to a reference point
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Motion
Reference Point
Meter
Speed
The state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
The basic SI unit of length; A little longer than a yard
The distance an object travels in one unit of time; =Distance…
Motion
The state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
What term describes God's Creation of…
What source of energy did God create o…
Whose support of evolution gained him…
The Bible does not mention energy expl…
ex nihilo
sun
Thomas Huxley
Answers should include the following ideas:... *Energy is a def…
What term describes God's Creation of…
ex nihilo
What source of energy did God create o…
sun
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
What term describes God's Creation of…
What source of energy did God create o…
Whose support of evolution gained him…
The Bible does not mention energy expl…
ex nihilo
sun
Thomas Huxley
Answers should include the following ideas: ... *Energy is a de…
What term describes God's Creation of…
ex nihilo
What source of energy did God create o…
sun
12 terms
Physical science Chapter 9
atom
electron
electron cloud
neutron
the smallest piece of an element that still represents that e…
a particle with one negative charge (1-)
an area around an atomic nucleus where an electron is most li…
a neutral particle that exists in the nucleus of an atom
atom
the smallest piece of an element that still represents that e…
electron
a particle with one negative charge (1-)
27 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
linear motion
harmonic motion
cycle
pendulum
motion that goes from one place to another without repeating
motion that repeats in cycles
a unit of motion that repeats
a device that swings back and forth due to the force of gravity
linear motion
motion that goes from one place to another without repeating
harmonic motion
motion that repeats in cycles
Physical Science Chapter 9
Plum Pudding Model
Plum Pudding Model
Plum Pudding Model
Nuclear Model
1903
developed by: J.J Thompson
- overall positive charge (pudding)... - negative charges scatte…
1911
Plum Pudding Model
1903
Plum Pudding Model
developed by: J.J Thompson
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
129 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Organic Compound
3 Forms of Carbon
Diamond
Network Solid
Most compounds that contain carbon
diamond,graphite and fullerenes
A form of the element carbon; it is the hardest mineral cryst…
a solid of covalently bonded atoms in which the atoms are bon…
Organic Compound
Most compounds that contain carbon
3 Forms of Carbon
diamond,graphite and fullerenes
32 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 9
Joseph Black
Caloric theory
Sadi Carnot
Benjamin Thompson
suggested the caloric theory of heat
caloric was thought to consist of self-repelling particles th…
explained the process by which steam engines worked and allow…
known as Count Rumford; his work disproved the caloric theory…
Joseph Black
suggested the caloric theory of heat
Caloric theory
caloric was thought to consist of self-repelling particles th…
34 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
heat
conduction
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a weightless,…
The sum of the potential and kinetic energies in a substance.…
the flow of thermal energy from one object to another
the transfer of thermal energy by objects touching each other…
caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a weightless,…
internal energy
The sum of the potential and kinetic energies in a substance.…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 2016
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
11 terms
chapter 9 physical science
Tyndall Effect
smog
physical property
physical change
the scattering of light by particles in a mixture, as occurs…
a form of air pollution; colloid
any characteristic of a material that you can observe, such a…
a change in substance's size shape, color or state
Tyndall Effect
the scattering of light by particles in a mixture, as occurs…
smog
a form of air pollution; colloid
9 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Acceleration
Average Speed
Deceleration
Instantaneous Speed
The rate at which an object's velocity changes
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves
The rate at which an object slows down
The speed of an object at one instant in time
Acceleration
The rate at which an object's velocity changes
Average Speed
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Strong force
Tracer
Critical mass
Chain reaction
force that binds protons and neutrons together in the nuclei…
radioisotope that is used to find or keep track of molecules…
Minimum mass of fissionable material needed to sustain a chai…
An ongoing process in which one fission reaction initiates th…
Strong force
force that binds protons and neutrons together in the nuclei…
Tracer
radioisotope that is used to find or keep track of molecules…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Wave
Medium
Mechanical Wave
Transversal Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Matter through which a wave travels.
Waves that can only travel through matter.
This wave moves up and down.
Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Medium
Matter through which a wave travels.
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