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Study sets matching "physical science chapter 16"

16 terms
Physical Science -- Chapter 16 and 17
nuclear fusion
gamma decay
alpha decay
beta decay
2 isotopes of light elements (H) forced together at high temp…
What type of radioactive decay does NOT change an element int…
A nuclear reaction in which an atom emits an alpha particle c…
occurs when a neutron in an atom's nucleus changes into a pro…
nuclear fusion
2 isotopes of light elements (H) forced together at high temp…
gamma decay
What type of radioactive decay does NOT change an element int…
22 terms
Foundations of Physical Science Chapter 16
Chemical bond
Covalent bond
Chemical Formula
Ion
a bond that forms when atoms transfer or share electrons.
a chemical bond formed by atoms that are sharing one or more…
a representation of a compound that includes the symbols and…
an atom (or group of atoms) that has an electric charge other…
Chemical bond
a bond that forms when atoms transfer or share electrons.
Covalent bond
a chemical bond formed by atoms that are sharing one or more…
33 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
law of definite proportions
core envelope model
plum pudding model
nuclear model
the masses of chemical substances combine in definite repeata…
Dalton believed that elements have different masses because o…
JJ Thompson believed that the atom was made of a positively c…
Ernest Rutherford discovered protons and said there is a nucl…
law of definite proportions
the masses of chemical substances combine in definite repeata…
core envelope model
Dalton believed that elements have different masses because o…
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
law of definite proportions
atoms
alike
different
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
According to Dalton's theory, all elements are made of only -…
According to Dalton, atoms of the same element are
According to Dalton, atoms of one element are ___ from the at…
law of definite proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
atoms
According to Dalton's theory, all elements are made of only -…
21 terms
Chapter 16 Physical Science
Solids
Liquids
Heat of fusion
Gasses
The particles of a solid are tightly packed together. The geo…
The particles of a liquid are loosely packed. Can change posi…
The amount of energy needed change a substance from a solid p…
Gas particles have enough energy to overcome the attraction b…
Solids
The particles of a solid are tightly packed together. The geo…
Liquids
The particles of a liquid are loosely packed. Can change posi…
12 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 16
nuclear radiation
radioactivity
radioactive decay
alpha decay
High energy particles and rays that are emmited by the nuclei…
The ability of some elements to give off nuclear radiation.
The process in which the nucleus of a radioactive atom releas…
The release of an alpha particle from a nucleus.
nuclear radiation
High energy particles and rays that are emmited by the nuclei…
radioactivity
The ability of some elements to give off nuclear radiation.
28 terms
Physical science chapter 16
Solar system
Geocentric model
Heliocentric model
Law of elliptical orbits
170 moons and 4 dwarf planets
Earth is the center of the universe
Sun centered universe
All planets move in elliptical orbit around the sun
Solar system
170 moons and 4 dwarf planets
Geocentric model
Earth is the center of the universe
Physical Science Chapter 16 The Atom
Law of Definite Proportions
plum pudding model
nuclear model
planetary model
law stating that the masses of chemical substances combine in…
an atomic model developed by J. J. Thomson that views and ato…
an atomic model developed by Ernest Rutherford, who theorized…
an atomic model resembling a solar system developed by Niels…
Law of Definite Proportions
law stating that the masses of chemical substances combine in…
plum pudding model
an atomic model developed by J. J. Thomson that views and ato…
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Chemical symbols
Atom
Proton
Neutron
represent elements
Smallest particle of an element that retains the element's pr…
Positively charged particle... Located in the nucleus
Particle with no charge... Located in the nucleus
Chemical symbols
represent elements
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains the element's pr…
Physical Science Chapter 16 Vocabulary
wave
mechanical wave
transverse wave
compressional wave
regular disturbances that carry energy without carrying matter.
waves that use matter to move energy.
a type of mechanical wave in which the energy of the wave mak…
a type of mechanical wave in which matter in the medium moves…
wave
regular disturbances that carry energy without carrying matter.
mechanical wave
waves that use matter to move energy.
52 terms
BJU physical science chapter 16
Democritus
Aristotle
Joseph Louis Proust
John Dalton
Greek student of Leucippus who coined the word atomos or atom…
a Greek philosopher who rejected the teachings of Democritus…
in 1790, this chemist discovered the Law of Definite Proporti…
strengthened the Law of Definite proportions through his own…
Democritus
Greek student of Leucippus who coined the word atomos or atom…
Aristotle
a Greek philosopher who rejected the teachings of Democritus…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
law od definite proportions
core-envelope model
plum-pudding model
nuclear model
The fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
developed by John Dalton; each element has its own kind of in…
The model of the atom created by JJ Thomson, consists of elec…
a model which represents nucleons as existing in different en…
law od definite proportions
The fact that a chemical compound contains the same elements…
core-envelope model
developed by John Dalton; each element has its own kind of in…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Nucleus
proton
neutron
electron
the small, positively charged center of an atom, contains pro…
particle in the nucleus with an electrical charge of 1+
electrically neutral particle inside the nucleus of an atom
particle with an electrical charge of 1-, surrounds the nucle…
Nucleus
the small, positively charged center of an atom, contains pro…
proton
particle in the nucleus with an electrical charge of 1+
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Kinetic Theory
Melting Point
Heat of Fusion
Diffusion
Is an explanation of how particles and matter behave.
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquify.
The amount of energy required to change a substance to a soli…
The spreading of particles throughout a given volume until th…
Kinetic Theory
Is an explanation of how particles and matter behave.
Melting Point
The temperature at which a solid begins to liquify.
27 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Coefficient
A well-defined example of a chemical change. One or more subs…
The substances which are reacting
The substances that are produced in a chemical reaction
The number in front of an element or compound that indicates…
Chemical reaction
A well-defined example of a chemical change. One or more subs…
Reactant
The substances which are reacting
18 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 16
electric charge
electrical conductor
electrical insulator
electrical field
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
a material that can transfer electricity
a material that resists the transfer of electricity
a region in space around a charged object that causes a stati…
electric charge
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
electrical conductor
a material that can transfer electricity
76 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Kinetic Theory
...small particles.
motion
collide
What explains how particles in matter behave?
All matter is composed of...
All particles in matter are in constant _____.
Particles _____ with each other and the walls of their contai…
Kinetic Theory
What explains how particles in matter behave?
...small particles.
All matter is composed of...
38 terms
BJU physical science chapter 16
Democritus
Aristotle
Joseph Louis Proust
John Dalton
Coined the word atomos, meaning indivisible. He was the first…
a Greek philosopher who rejected the initial ideas of atoms a…
in 1790, this chemist discovered the Law of Definite Proporti…
strengthened the Law of Definite proportions through his own…
Democritus
Coined the word atomos, meaning indivisible. He was the first…
Aristotle
a Greek philosopher who rejected the initial ideas of atoms a…
15 terms
Chapter 16 Vocab (Physical Science)
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
The smallest particle of an element that retains the element'…
The small, positively charged center of the atom
Particles in the nucleus with an electric charge of 1+; conta…
Electrically neutral particles in the nucleus; they do not ha…
Atom
The smallest particle of an element that retains the element'…
Nucleus
The small, positively charged center of the atom
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
What methods is most useful for descri…
An atom containing 6 positives and 6 n…
Scientists have broken down protons an…
Democritus believed that the universe…
Constructing a model.
no net
quarks
atoms
What methods is most useful for descri…
Constructing a model.
An atom containing 6 positives and 6 n…
no net
15 terms
Physical Science Glencoe Chapter 16
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
atom
Smallest unit of matter that retains the properties of an ele…
nucleus
A region that is located at the center of an atom and contain…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Biomass
Fossil Fuel
Geothermal energy
Hydroelectricity
Renewable organic matter , such as wood and animal manure, th…
Oil, natural gas, and coal; formed from the decay remains of…
Thermal energy in hot magma; can be converted by a power plan…
Electricity produced from the energy of falling water
Biomass
Renewable organic matter , such as wood and animal manure, th…
Fossil Fuel
Oil, natural gas, and coal; formed from the decay remains of…
45 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
What is electronics?
What is a glass tube containing electr…
Describe the phenomenon of thermionic…
What is the primary function of a diode?
branch of the study of electricity that deals with the behavi…
vacuum tube (electron tube)
flow of electric current through a vacuum from a heated filam…
allowing current to flow freely in one direction but block it…
What is electronics?
branch of the study of electricity that deals with the behavi…
What is a glass tube containing electr…
vacuum tube (electron tube)
26 terms
BJU physical science chapter 16
Democritus
Aristotle
Joseph Louis Proust
John Dalton
Greek student of Leucippus who coined the word atomos or atom…
a Greek philosopher who rejected the teachings of Democritus…
in 1790, this chemist discovered the Law of Definite Proporti…
strengthened the Law of Definite proportions through his own…
Democritus
Greek student of Leucippus who coined the word atomos or atom…
Aristotle
a Greek philosopher who rejected the teachings of Democritus…
69 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Each element within the periodic table…
Symbols begin with a________ _______ a…
One letter elements: _______, ________…
Two letter elements: One capital and o…
symbol
Capital Letter
Carbon(C), Nitrogen(N), Oxygen(O), and Hydrogen(H)
Helium(He), Calcium(Ca), and Aluminum(Al)
Each element within the periodic table…
symbol
Symbols begin with a________ _______ a…
Capital Letter
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16 Vocabulary
Balanced Chemical Equation
Catalyst
Chemical reaction
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
An equation that has the same number of atoms of each element…
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without itself…
One or more substances change into a new substance
A group of compounds of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon that a…
Balanced Chemical Equation
An equation that has the same number of atoms of each element…
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction without itself…
48 terms
BJU physical science chapter 16
Democritus
Aristotle
Joseph Louis Proust
John Dalton
Greek student of Leucippus who coined the word atomos or atom…
a Greek philosopher who rejected the teachings of Democritus…
in 1790, this chemist discovered the Law of Definite Proporti…
strengthened the Law of Definite proportions through his own…
Democritus
Greek student of Leucippus who coined the word atomos or atom…
Aristotle
a Greek philosopher who rejected the teachings of Democritus…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
heat
temperature
absolute zero
thermal expansion
the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another bec…
a measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a refer…
a temperature of 0 kelvins
the increase in volume of a material when its temperature inc…
heat
the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another bec…
temperature
a measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a refer…
7 terms
Chapter 16 Physical Science
Aristotle
Democritus
John Dalton
JJ Thomson
Used thoughts only to explain matter
Named the smallest particles of matter "Atom" after the Greek…
Model of the atom was developed in the 1800's
Model of the atom was known as the "Plum Pudding" model of th…
Aristotle
Used thoughts only to explain matter
Democritus
Named the smallest particles of matter "Atom" after the Greek…
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Chemical symbols
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Represent elements
Smallest particle of an element that retains the element's pr…
Positively charged particle... Located in the nucleus
Particle with no charge... Located in the nucleus
Chemical symbols
Represent elements
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that retains the element's pr…
Chapter 16 Physical Science
Solids
Liquids
Heat of fusion
Gasses
The particles of a solid are tightly packed together. The geo…
The particles of a liquid are loosely packed. Can change posi…
The amount of energy needed change a substance from a solid p…
Gas particles have enough energy to overcome the attraction b…
Solids
The particles of a solid are tightly packed together. The geo…
Liquids
The particles of a liquid are loosely packed. Can change posi…
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16 Heat & Temperature
heat
caloric theory
kinetic theory of thermal energy
temperature
the kinetic energy present within the particles of matter; th…
a theory that defined thermal energy as a weightless, invisib…
identifies the thermal energy of an object with the motion of…
the measure of the average kinetic energy in a material
heat
the kinetic energy present within the particles of matter; th…
caloric theory
a theory that defined thermal energy as a weightless, invisib…
22 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
boiling point
Boyle's law
buoyancy
Charles' Law
temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
if a sample of gas is kept at constant temperature, increasin…
ability of a fluid, a liquid or a gas, to exert an upward for…
if a sample of gas is kept at constant pressure, the volume i…
boiling point
temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
Boyle's law
if a sample of gas is kept at constant temperature, increasin…
Chapter 16-Physical science
States or phases of matter
Kinetic energy
3 things of kinetic energy
Solid state
Solid, liquid ,gas and plasma
Explains how particles in matter behave
All matter composed of small particles... Particles are in const…
Particles are closely packed together in a specific type of g…
States or phases of matter
Solid, liquid ,gas and plasma
Kinetic energy
Explains how particles in matter behave
45 terms
chapter 16 physical science
kinetic theory
three assumptions of kinetic theory
two forces involved in the kinetic the…
attractive force
explanation of how particles in matter behave
1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. these particl…
attractive force and kinetic force
force that attracts particles , stabilizing force
kinetic theory
explanation of how particles in matter behave
three assumptions of kinetic theory
1. all matter is composed of small particles... 2. these particl…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
heat
temperature
absolute zero
thermal expansion
transfer of thermal energy from one object to another because…
measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a referen…
0 Kelvins
an increase in the volume of a material due to a temperature…
heat
transfer of thermal energy from one object to another because…
temperature
measure of how hot or cold an object is compared to a referen…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
Anything that has mass and takes up space
The study of matter and how matter changes
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed witho…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes
25 terms
Chapter 16 Physical Science
kinetic theory
thermal energy
temperature
solid
explanation of how particles in matter behave
total energy of particles
average energy of particles
definite volume, definite shape
kinetic theory
explanation of how particles in matter behave
thermal energy
total energy of particles
22 terms
physical science chapter 16
echo
elasticity
density
loudness
A reflected sound wave.
The ability of a material to bounce back after being disturbed.
How much matter or mass there is in a given amount of space o…
Perception of the energy of a sound.
echo
A reflected sound wave.
elasticity
The ability of a material to bounce back after being disturbed.
35 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
unit for pressure
A rise in temperature increases the __…
the temperature at which a solid begin…
has no definite volume or shape
pascal
movement, resistance `
melting point
gas
unit for pressure
pascal
A rise in temperature increases the __…
movement, resistance `
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
law of definite proportions
plum-pudding model
nuclear model
planetary model
the masses of chemical substances combine in definite, repeat…
the model of an atom in which negatively charged electrons ar…
the model of an atom in which every atom has an extremely tin…
the model of an atom in which electrons orbit at specific dis…
law of definite proportions
the masses of chemical substances combine in definite, repeat…
plum-pudding model
the model of an atom in which negatively charged electrons ar…
31 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
law of definite proportions
core-envelope model
plum-pudding model
nuclear model
states that he masse of chemical substances combine in defini…
John Dalton's atomic model that resembled a solid sphere
J.J. Thomson's model that had a sphere of positive charge in…
Ernest Rutherford's model which included a dense, centrally l…
law of definite proportions
states that he masse of chemical substances combine in defini…
core-envelope model
John Dalton's atomic model that resembled a solid sphere
20 terms
Chapter 16 Physical Science
atomic mass
atomic number
mass number
isotope
the mass (in atomic mass units) of all isotope of an element.
Number of protons
the sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nu…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
atomic mass
the mass (in atomic mass units) of all isotope of an element.
atomic number
Number of protons
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 16
atom
electron
electron cloud
neutron
smallest particle of an element retains the element's propert…
negatively charged particle
area around the nucleus of an atom where electrons are located
neutrally charged particle
atom
smallest particle of an element retains the element's propert…
electron
negatively charged particle
22 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 16 - Sound
echo
elasticity
density
loudness
a reflected sound wave
the ability of a material to bounce back after being disturbed
the ratio of the mass of a substance to its volume
perception of the energy of a sound
echo
a reflected sound wave
elasticity
the ability of a material to bounce back after being disturbed
Physical Science Chapter 16
Solid, liquid, gas and plasma
Kinetic Theory
Atoms
Motion
States of matter
explains how particles and matter behave
What makes up matter?
Atoms are in constant, random __________.
Solid, liquid, gas and plasma
States of matter
Kinetic Theory
explains how particles and matter behave
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 16
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
neutrons
Smallest particle of an element.
The small, positively charged center of the atom.
particles in the nucleus with an electric charge of 1+.
electrically neutral particles in the nucleus; they do not ha…
Atom
Smallest particle of an element.
Nucleus
The small, positively charged center of the atom.
Physical Science Chapter 16
heat
temperature
absolute zero
thermal expansion
transfer of thermal energy from one object to another because…
how hot or cold an object is compared to a reference point
A temperature of zero kelvins
this occurs because move faster and bump into each other more…
heat
transfer of thermal energy from one object to another because…
temperature
how hot or cold an object is compared to a reference point
20 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 16
heat
temperature
absolute zero
thermal expansion
the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another bec…
how hot or cold an object is
a temperature of 0 Kelvins
the increase in volume due to a temperature increase
heat
the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another bec…
temperature
how hot or cold an object is
16 terms
Physical science chapter 16
Kinectic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
Boiling point
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
Or the temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
The amount of energy required to change a substance from the…
Temperature at which the pressure of the vapor in the liquid…
Kinectic theory
An explanation of how particles in matter behave
Melting point
Or the temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
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