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Study sets matching "physical science chapter 17"

28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
smaller
increases
argon
1A
As you go from left to right in a period on the periodic tabl…
As you go from left to right in a period on the periodic tabl…
Which of the following is an example of a noble gas - hydroge…
Which group contains the alkali metals?
smaller
As you go from left to right in a period on the periodic tabl…
increases
As you go from left to right in a period on the periodic tabl…
32 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
mechanical wave
medium
crest
trough
A disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
The material through which a wave travels.
The highest point of a traverse wave.
The lowest point of a transverse wave.
mechanical wave
A disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
medium
The material through which a wave travels.
32 terms
Physical Science chapter 17 review
Atom
Atomic number
Average atomic mass
Chemical symbol
Smallest piece of matter that still retains the properties of…
Protons in the nucleus of an atom... number is found at the top…
Weighted-average mass of the mixture of its isotopes... so it is…
Short or abbreviated way to write the name of the element
Atom
Smallest piece of matter that still retains the properties of…
Atomic number
Protons in the nucleus of an atom... number is found at the top…
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 17
chemical change
chemical property
colloid
compound
change of one substance into a new substance
any characteristic of a substance, such as flammability, that…
heterogeneous mixture whose particles never settle
substance formed from two or more elements in which the exact…
chemical change
change of one substance into a new substance
chemical property
any characteristic of a substance, such as flammability, that…
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
atom
nucleus
electron
proton
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
the positively charged dense center of an atom
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
atom
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
nucleus
the positively charged dense center of an atom
Physical Science Chapter 17 Vocabulary
loudness
pitch
echo
Doppler effect
a person's understanding of how much energy a sound wave carr…
how high or how low a sound is.
a reflected sound wave.
the change in frequency of a sound wave when the source of a…
loudness
a person's understanding of how much energy a sound wave carr…
pitch
how high or how low a sound is.
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17 Review
Period
Mass #
Atomic #
Proton
horizontal arrangement on p. table
number of protons and neutrons in an atom
number of protons in an atom
positively charged particle found in nucleus with the mass of…
Period
horizontal arrangement on p. table
Mass #
number of protons and neutrons in an atom
21 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 17
law of electric charges
electric force
conduction
induction
When like charges repel and opposite charges attract.
The force between charged objects.
When electrons are transferred from one object to another by…
When charges in an uncharged object are rearranged without di…
law of electric charges
When like charges repel and opposite charges attract.
electric force
The force between charged objects.
20 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
alchemy
chemical symbol
monatomic
diatomic
study that was motivated by a human curiosity about nature
A one or two letter representation of an element
an ion formed from a single atom
A molecule consisting of two atoms
alchemy
study that was motivated by a human curiosity about nature
chemical symbol
A one or two letter representation of an element
32 terms
Physical Science chapter 17 review
Atom
Atomic number
Average atomic mass
Chemical symbol
Smallest piece of matter that still retains the properties of…
Protons in the nucleus of an atom... number is found at the top…
Weighted-average mass of the mixture of its isotopes... so it is…
Short or abbreviated way to write the name of the element
Atom
Smallest piece of matter that still retains the properties of…
Atomic number
Protons in the nucleus of an atom... number is found at the top…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Electromagnetic wave
Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Radio Waves
Disturbance that transfers energy through a field
Energy that moves in the form of EM waves
The range of all EM frequencies
EM waves that have the longest wavelengths, the lowest freque…
Electromagnetic wave
Disturbance that transfers energy through a field
Radiation
Energy that moves in the form of EM waves
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
neutrons
electrons
quarks
electron clouds
neutral particle, composed of quarks, inside the nucleus of a…
particles surrounding the center of an atom that have a charg…
particles of matter that make up protons and neutrons
area around the nucleus of an atom where the atom's electrons…
neutrons
neutral particle, composed of quarks, inside the nucleus of a…
electrons
particles surrounding the center of an atom that have a charg…
10 terms
Chapter 17- Physical Science
Metals
Metallic luster
Malleable
Ductile
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
Shiny property of metals
can be hammered or rolled into sheets
can be drawn into wires
Metals
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
Metallic luster
Shiny property of metals
37 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 17
alchemy
chemical symbol
monatomic
diatomic
medieval chemistry, esp. the attempt to change common metals…
A one or two letter representation of an element (for example…
an ion formed from a single atom; Noble gases
A molecule consisting of two atoms
alchemy
medieval chemistry, esp. the attempt to change common metals…
chemical symbol
A one or two letter representation of an element (for example…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
alchemy
chemical symbol
monatomic
diatomic
the study of nature that included aspects chemistry, philosop…
symbols used to abbreviate the names of elements
an element naturally occurring as a molecule of one atom
an element naturally occurring as a molecule of two atoms
alchemy
the study of nature that included aspects chemistry, philosop…
chemical symbol
symbols used to abbreviate the names of elements
34 terms
Physical Science SPS9 - Chapter 17
amplitude
antinode
compression
constructive interference
the maximum displacement of a medium from the rest position;…
the point of maximum displacement between two nodes in a stan…
region of the longitudinal wave where the particles of the me…
two waves temporarily combine when they meet and produce a bi…
amplitude
the maximum displacement of a medium from the rest position;…
antinode
the point of maximum displacement between two nodes in a stan…
32 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Mechanical Wave
Medium
Crest
Trough
A disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
The material through which a wave travels
The highest point of a transverse wave
The lowest point of a transverse wave
Mechanical Wave
A disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
Medium
The material through which a wave travels
27 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Atomic Mass
Atomic Nucleus
Atomic Number
Atomic Symbol
Mass of an element's atoms listed in the periodic table as an…
Dense, positively charged center of every atom
Count of the number of protons in the atomic nucleus
Abbreviation for an element or atom
Atomic Mass
Mass of an element's atoms listed in the periodic table as an…
Atomic Nucleus
Dense, positively charged center of every atom
12 terms
glencoe physical science chapter 17
Metals
malleable
ductile
metallic bonding
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
metals that can be hammered and rolled into sheets
metals that can be drawn into wires.
positively charged metallic ions surrounded by a sea of elect…
Metals
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
malleable
metals that can be hammered and rolled into sheets
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
atom
atomic number
average atomic mass
electron
the smallest particle of an element that still retains the pr…
number of protons in an atom's nucleus
weighted-average mass of the mixture of an element's isotopes
particles surrounding the center of an atom that have a charg…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still retains the pr…
atomic number
number of protons in an atom's nucleus
49 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
An atom is matter composed of one type…
the unit of measurement used for atomi…
atoms of the same element that have di…
in the periodic table, elements are ar…
atom
atomic mass unit
isotopes
atomic number
An atom is matter composed of one type…
atom
the unit of measurement used for atomi…
atomic mass unit
24 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 17
alchemy
chemical symbol
monatomic
diatomic
An ancient study of chemistry that also included philosophy,…
A unique symbol used to represent an element, consisting of o…
Describing an element that naturally occurs as a single atom…
Describing an element that naturally occurs as two identical,…
alchemy
An ancient study of chemistry that also included philosophy,…
chemical symbol
A unique symbol used to represent an element, consisting of o…
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Bioshpere
Continental Climate
El Nino
Global Warming
everything organic, including plants, animals, and humans
climate with little direct ocean influence and steep temperat…
a warming of the Pacific Ocean every three to five years, whi…
increased atmospheric heating from activities such as fossil…
Bioshpere
everything organic, including plants, animals, and humans
Continental Climate
climate with little direct ocean influence and steep temperat…
24 terms
Chapter 17 Physical Science
Electromagnetic wave
Mechanical waves
Medium
Transverse wave
waves that are capable of transmitting energy through a vacuum
waves that transport their energy from one place to another u…
any substance that carries a wave or through which a wave moves
a wave in which the particles of a medium move in a direction…
Electromagnetic wave
waves that are capable of transmitting energy through a vacuum
Mechanical waves
waves that transport their energy from one place to another u…
59 terms
Physical Science chapter 17 review
Metallic luster
Malleable
Ductile
Metallic bonding
Shiny property of metals
can be hammered or rolled into sheets
can be drawn into wires
Positively charged metallic ions are surrounded by a sea of e…
Metallic luster
Shiny property of metals
Malleable
can be hammered or rolled into sheets
32 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Mechanical Wave
Medium
Crest
Trough
A disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
The material through which a wave travels
The highest point of a transverse wave
The lowest point of a transverse wave
Mechanical Wave
A disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
Medium
The material through which a wave travels
22 terms
Physical science chapter 17
atom
nucleus
proton
neutrons
the simplest building block of matter that has all the proper…
the positively charged center of the atom
positively charged particles inside the nucleus
particles in the nucleus that have no charge
atom
the simplest building block of matter that has all the proper…
nucleus
the positively charged center of the atom
32 terms
chapter 17 physical science
elements of the same group have the sa…
each of the 7 levels can have a ___ nu…
energy level one can have a maximum nu…
energy level 2 can have a maximum numb…
electron
maximum
2
8
elements of the same group have the sa…
electron
each of the 7 levels can have a ___ nu…
maximum
15 terms
chapter 17. physical science
atoms
nucleus
protons
electrons
smallest piece of matter that still retains the property of t…
protons and neutrons are are found in a small,positively char…
particles with an electrical charge of 1+
neutral particles with an electrical charge of 1-
atoms
smallest piece of matter that still retains the property of t…
nucleus
protons and neutrons are are found in a small,positively char…
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 17
Atom
Electron
Electron cloud
Neutron
The smallest piece of matter that still has the properties of…
Particle with an electrical charge of 1-
The area around the nucleus of an atom where its electrons ar…
Particle with no change
Atom
The smallest piece of matter that still has the properties of…
Electron
Particle with an electrical charge of 1-
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
alchemy
chemical symbols
monatomic
diatomic
An ancient study of chemistry that included philosophy, relig…
A unique symbol used to represent an element, consisting of 1…
Describing an element that naturally occurs as a single atom…
Describing an element that naturally occurs as two identical,…
alchemy
An ancient study of chemistry that included philosophy, relig…
chemical symbols
A unique symbol used to represent an element, consisting of 1…
21 terms
physical science chapter 17
electromagnetic waves
polarized light
electromagnetic spectrum
electromagnetic radiation
A transverse wave that transforms electric and magnetic energy.
Light that has passed through a polarizing filter.
The range of electromagnetic waves placed in a certain order.
Transferred by electromagnetic waves.
electromagnetic waves
A transverse wave that transforms electric and magnetic energy.
polarized light
Light that has passed through a polarizing filter.
32 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
mechanical wave
medium
crest
trough
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
The material through which a wave travels
The highest point of a transverse wave
The lowest point of a transverse wave
mechanical wave
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
medium
The material through which a wave travels
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 17
atom
nucleus
protons
neutrons
smallest piece of matter that still retains the property of t…
protons and neutrons, found in a small, positively charged ce…
particles with an electrical charge of 1+
neutral particles that do not have an electrical charge
atom
smallest piece of matter that still retains the property of t…
nucleus
protons and neutrons, found in a small, positively charged ce…
16 terms
Pryor Physical Science Chapter 17
troposphere
temperature
greenhouse effect
latent heat
the lowest atmospheric layer
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
warming that results when solar radiation is trapped by the a…
Heat entering and changing a phase of liquid. Does not result…
troposphere
the lowest atmospheric layer
temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
12 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 17
ductile
malleable
metal
metallic bonding
can be drawn into wires
can be hammered or rolled into sheets
elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
positively charged metallic ions are surrounded by a sea of e…
ductile
can be drawn into wires
malleable
can be hammered or rolled into sheets
12 terms
Chapter 17 Vocab (Physical Science)
Metals
Malleable
Ductile
Metallic bonding
Elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
Property of metals and alloys that allows them to be hammered…
Property of metals and alloys that allows them to be drawn in…
Occurs because some electrons move freely among a metal's pos…
Metals
Elements that are shiny, malleable, ductile, and good conduct…
Malleable
Property of metals and alloys that allows them to be hammered…
27 terms
Chapter 17 Physical Science
electromagnetic waves
electromagnetic radiation
polarized light
photoelectric effect
Transverse waves that transfer electric and magnetic energy.
Energy that travels through space in the form of electromagne…
Light that vibrates in only one direction
The movement of electrons in a substance when light in shined…
electromagnetic waves
Transverse waves that transfer electric and magnetic energy.
electromagnetic radiation
Energy that travels through space in the form of electromagne…
32 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 17
mechanical wave
medium
crest
trough
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
The material through which a wave travels
The highest point of a transverse wave
The lowest point of a transverse wave
mechanical wave
a disturbance in matter that carries energy from one place to…
medium
The material through which a wave travels
Physical Science Chapter 17
mechanical wave
medium
crest
trough
a disturbance in matter that carries energy form one place to…
the material through which a wave travels
the highest point of the wave above the rest position
the lowest point below the rest position
mechanical wave
a disturbance in matter that carries energy form one place to…
medium
the material through which a wave travels
142 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17 WAVES
A mechanical wave moves through a medi…
A mechanical wave generally does NOT
Transverse and longitudinal waves both
Which types of mechanical wave needs a…
Gas, liquids, or solids
Move the medium from one place to another
Transfer energy through a medium
Transverse, longitudinal, and surface waves
A mechanical wave moves through a medi…
Gas, liquids, or solids
A mechanical wave generally does NOT
Move the medium from one place to another
23 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 17 Elements of Chemistry
Applied research
Basic research
Boiling
Chemical Bond
A branch of scientific research that focuses on developing ap…
A branch of scientific research that focuses on a greater und…
Vaporization in which bubbles form beneath the surface of the…
The force of attraction between two atoms that holds them tog…
Applied research
A branch of scientific research that focuses on developing ap…
Basic research
A branch of scientific research that focuses on a greater und…
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Highlands
Maria
Craters
Rays
light-colored rock surface easily seen on the moon
Large flat surfaces on the moon
Comes from a greek word meaning "bowl"
Pulverized rock that is thrown out when the crater is formed…
Highlands
light-colored rock surface easily seen on the moon
Maria
Large flat surfaces on the moon
Physical Science Chapter 17 Elements and the Periodic Table
chemical symbol
monatomic
diatomic
periodic table of the elements
a unique symbol used to represent an element, consisting of o…
describing an element that naturally occurs as a single atom…
describing an element that naturally occurs as two identical,…
a table of the chemical elements that is arranged to display…
chemical symbol
a unique symbol used to represent an element, consisting of o…
monatomic
describing an element that naturally occurs as a single atom…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
Submicroscopic
Physical Properties
Physical Changes
Chemical Changes
too small to be seen by an ordinary light microscope includin…
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
Any change that DOES NOT alter the chemical composition of a…
process by which a substance becomes a new substance (fizzing…
Submicroscopic
too small to be seen by an ordinary light microscope includin…
Physical Properties
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
18 terms
Physical Science (Chapter 17)
electric charge
couloumb
electrical conductor
electrical insulator
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
The SI unit of electric charge
a material in which charges can move freely
a material in which charges cannot move freely
electric charge
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
couloumb
The SI unit of electric charge
15 terms
physical science chapter 17
atom
atomic number
average atomic mass
electron
the smallest particle of an element that still retains the pr…
number of protons in an atoms nucleus
weighted average mass of the mixture of an elements isotope
particle surrounding the center of an atom that have a charge…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still retains the pr…
atomic number
number of protons in an atoms nucleus
18 terms
Physical Science - 2nd Semester Review Chapter 17
alchemy
periodic table of elements
periodic law of elements
metal
medieval chemistry; attempt to change base metal into gold
A chart of the elements organized by atomic number and arrang…
properties of the elements very with their atomic numbers
an element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electrici…
alchemy
medieval chemistry; attempt to change base metal into gold
periodic table of elements
A chart of the elements organized by atomic number and arrang…
18 terms
physical science chapter 17
alchemy
Boyle
Berzelius
Dobereiner
human curiosity about nature motivated include aspects of che…
best known for boyle's law concluded that many classical elem…
developed much simpler and more logical symbolic system based…
found several small groups of the elements with similar prope…
alchemy
human curiosity about nature motivated include aspects of che…
Boyle
best known for boyle's law concluded that many classical elem…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 17
metals
allotropes
metallic bonding
diatomic molecules
are located to the left of stair-step line on periodic table
different structural forms of the same element
positively charged ions are surrounded by freely moving elect…
a molecule comprised of 2 atoms
metals
are located to the left of stair-step line on periodic table
allotropes
different structural forms of the same element
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