Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9 chemical"

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Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9 chemical"

38 terms
Chemical and Physical Science: Chapter 9
groups
horizontal
sodium is
chlorine is
up and down
rows
a highly reactive metal
a poisonous gas
groups
up and down
horizontal
rows
Physical Science Chapter 9 Chemical Bonds
Atom
Molecule
Chemical Reaction
Chemical Energy
smallest particle of an element
the smallest particle of a compound, or a gaseous element, th…
a change in matter in which different chemical substances are…
that part of the energy in a substance that can be released b…
Atom
smallest particle of an element
Molecule
the smallest particle of a compound, or a gaseous element, th…
Physical Science: Chapter 9-Chemical Bonds
Atom
Molecule
Chemical Reaction
Chemical Energy
the smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in co…
the smallest particle of a compound, or gaseous element, that…
a change in matter in which different chemical substances are…
energy is absorbed to produce new chemical substances with mo…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in co…
Molecule
the smallest particle of a compound, or gaseous element, that…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9: Chemical Reactions
precipitate
chemical reaction
endothermic reaction
exothermic reaction
a solid that forms from solution during a chemical reaction
occur when chemical bonds break or when new bonds form
a reaction that absorbs energy (takes heat away from the solu…
a reaction that releases energy in the form of heat
precipitate
a solid that forms from solution during a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
occur when chemical bonds break or when new bonds form
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
19 terms
sustainable physical science chapter 9 chemical bond
a covalent bond is typically formed be…
Which of the following chemical formul…
greek numerical prefixes
how are a sodium atom and a sodium ion…
non metals; sharing
Barium Bromide: BaBr2
mono 1... penta 5... hexa 6... di 2... hepta 7
atomic number
a covalent bond is typically formed be…
non metals; sharing
Which of the following chemical formul…
Barium Bromide: BaBr2
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Thermal Equilibrium
How does heat flow?
Specific Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
Heat flows from an object of a higher temperature to an objec…
-Amount of heat needed to raise temperature of 1 kg of materi…
Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
Thermal Equilibrium
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
21 terms
Chapter 9 Science Test- Chemical and Physical Reactions
reactant(s)
product(s)
Law of Conservation of Mass
count atoms and then use coefficients
beginning element in a reaction
ending element in a reaction
states that atoms of elements must be equal on both sides of…
How do you balance an equation
reactant(s)
beginning element in a reaction
product(s)
ending element in a reaction
21 terms
Chapter 9 Science Test- Chemical and Physical Reactions
beginning element in a reaction
ending element in a reaction
Law of Conservation of Mass
How do you balance an equation
reactant(s)
product(s)
states that atoms of elements must be equal on both sides of…
count atoms and then use coefficients
beginning element in a reaction
reactant(s)
ending element in a reaction
product(s)
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 (Trilogy)
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat source
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes.
A reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits. En…
A reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and ene…
heat
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
heat source
A place from which heat energy comes.
52 terms
physical science chapter 9
closed system
the law of conservation of energy
How does a "drinking bird" work?
energy efficiency
a group of objects that transfer energy only to each other
the law that states that energy cannot created or destroyed b…
the bird "drinks" and water gets in the felt covering its hea…
a comparison of the amount of energy before a conversion with…
closed system
a group of objects that transfer energy only to each other
the law of conservation of energy
the law that states that energy cannot created or destroyed b…
11 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or…
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
the energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position rela…
the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy. It is the ene…
energy
the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or…
kinetic energy
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
The sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance.
a piston engine containing a working gas that is transferred…
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
internal energy
The sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance.
8 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
Speed
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
velocity
the distance an object travels per unit of time
the overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
the speed of an object at one instant of time
speed in a given direction
Speed
the distance an object travels per unit of time
Average speed
the overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
Physical Science Chapter 9
Motion
Reference Point
International System Of Units
Meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientist to measure the pro…
The basic SI unit of length
Motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Biomass
Fossil Fuels
Geothermal Energy
Hydroelectricity
Is a renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugar cane fiber…
Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal are ca…
The thermal energy that is contained in hot magma is called g…
Electricity produced through the moving the moving water is c…
Biomass
Is a renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugar cane fiber…
Fossil Fuels
Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal are ca…
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
93 terms
Physical Science chapter 9
90
diamonds, graphite, buckminsterfullere…
diamond
diamond
____% of compounds in nature are based off of carbon
pure forms of carbon in nature
hardest know substance made. natural form of carbon. network…
hardest known substance
90
____% of compounds in nature are based off of carbon
diamonds, graphite, buckminsterfullere…
pure forms of carbon in nature
22 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
radioactivity
nuclear radiation
alpha decay
alpha particle
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
a nucleus gives up two protons and two neutrons during...
a positively charged atom that is released in the disintegrat…
radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
nuclear radiation
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Heraclitus
Francis Bacon
Joseph Black
Lavoisier
claimed there were three natural elements—earth, water, and f…
English philosopher and scientist that said that motion is th…
suggested heat was like an invisible fluid
called the heat-fluid "caloric"
Heraclitus
claimed there were three natural elements—earth, water, and f…
Francis Bacon
English philosopher and scientist that said that motion is th…
Science - Chapter 9 - Chemical Compounds
acid
base
boiling point
chemical formula
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
the temperature at which enough energy is added to a liquid t…
a shorthand way to describe a compound... H2O
acid
a compound that typically releases hydrogen ions
base
a compound that typically receives hydrogen ions
28 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
A model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
the total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a s…
a closed system and an external combustion engine
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
caloric theory
A model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
internal energy
the total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a s…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Heat Source
Nuclear fission
Nuclear fussion
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes
the reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits a…
The reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and e…
Heat
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
Heat Source
A place from which heat energy comes
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Element
Compound
Substance
Mixture
All of the atoms that make up an element are the same
Materials made from atoms of two or more elements combined
Either an element or a compound
A material made up of two or more substances that can be sepa…
Element
All of the atoms that make up an element are the same
Compound
Materials made from atoms of two or more elements combined
Physical Science Chapter 9
Conduction
Convection
Entropy
First law of Thermodynamics
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
A measure of how spread out, or dispersed energy is.
States that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Convection
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
19 terms
Chapter 9 Physical/Chemical Control of Microbes
sterilization
disinfection
decontamination/sanitization
antisepsis/degermation
destroys or removes all viable microorganism... example: autocla…
removes harmful products of microorganisms (toxins) from mate…
reduce contamination to safe levels... example: dish washers, so…
reduce the number of microbes on the human skin. You can use…
sterilization
destroys or removes all viable microorganism... example: autocla…
disinfection
removes harmful products of microorganisms (toxins) from mate…
Physical Science Chapter 9
Conduction
Convention
Entropy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
A measure of how spread out, or dispersed energy is.
States that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Convention
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
Physical Science- Chemical Bonds
Chemical Bond
Why do elements form compounds?
How do elements form compounds?
Energy Levels: First Energy
The force that holds atoms together in a compound
Elements form compounds in order to become more chemically st…
Elements form compounds through chemical bonds where atoms lo…
Can hold up to 2 electrons
Chemical Bond
The force that holds atoms together in a compound
Why do elements form compounds?
Elements form compounds in order to become more chemically st…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocab
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
Physical science Chapter 9
transverse wave
light
illuminated objects
opaque
wave in which the particles of the medium move up and down at…
type of electromagnetic wave
objects that reflect light
material that blocks light
transverse wave
wave in which the particles of the medium move up and down at…
light
type of electromagnetic wave
62 terms
Chapter 9 physical and chemical control
what are disinfectants seen as
what do antiseptics do
what do bactericidal agents do
what do bacteristatic agents do
decontaminate inanimate objects
kill microorganisms on the body tissues
kill bacteria
inhibit further bacterial growth
what are disinfectants seen as
decontaminate inanimate objects
what do antiseptics do
kill microorganisms on the body tissues
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
12 terms
Physical Science (Chemical Bonds)
What does it mean when an atom is stab…
Draw the Electron dot Diagram for Oxygen
What do the dots in the electron dot m…
What is an ionic bond?
When the highest occupied energy level of an atom is filled w…
That is how you draw Oxygen
valence electrons
when atoms transfer electrons between each other
What does it mean when an atom is stab…
When the highest occupied energy level of an atom is filled w…
Draw the Electron dot Diagram for Oxygen
That is how you draw Oxygen
10 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9 - Motion
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
the state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
(SI) the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure t…
the basic SI unit of length
motion
the state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
33 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 5 Chemical Reactions
precipitate
endothermic reaction
catalyst
concentration
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
A reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
A material that increases the rate of a chemical reaction by…
The amount of one material dissolved in a given amount of ano…
precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
endothermic reaction
A reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat.
Physical Science Chapter 19 Chemical Reactions
chemical formula
empirical formula
oxidation number (ON)
polyatomic ion
a shorthand way to represent the identity and the relative am…
a chemical formula that shows the smallest whole number ratio…
the number of electrons that a bonded atom or ion must gain o…
an ion made of two or more covalently bonded atoms that acts…
chemical formula
a shorthand way to represent the identity and the relative am…
empirical formula
a chemical formula that shows the smallest whole number ratio…
43 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Convection
particles colliding.
convection
inside
_______________is the transfer of energy by the bulk movement…
Conduction is the transfer of energy in the form of _____.
In a forced-air heating system, the warm air circulates by __…
In an internal combustion engine, fuel burns __________the en…
Convection
_______________is the transfer of energy by the bulk movement…
particles colliding.
Conduction is the transfer of energy in the form of _____.
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
12 terms
physical science chapter 9
thermodynamics
temprature
degree
1 fahrenheit
the study of heat and how it relates to energy
a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in a sub…
the unit for measuring temprature
>water boils at 212 <water freezes at 32
thermodynamics
the study of heat and how it relates to energy
temprature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in a sub…
Physical Science Chapter 9
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Motion
Reference Point
Meter
Speed
The state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
The basic SI unit of length; A little longer than a yard
The distance an object travels in one unit of time; =Distance…
Motion
The state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Fuels formed from the decaying remains…
A highly flammable liquid formed by de…
An energy source that is replaced near…
Uses energy from controlled nuclear re…
Fossil fuel
Petroleum
Renewable resources
Nuclear reactor
Fuels formed from the decaying remains…
Fossil fuel
A highly flammable liquid formed by de…
Petroleum
Chemics & Physics Chapter 9
Thermodynamics definition?
18th century Joseph black suggested wh…
Caloric theory was successful in ----…
James Prescott Joule is usually recogn…
the study of thermal energy and heat and how they relate to o…
~ Heat was like an invisible fluid
observation and predictions
mechanical energy and heat
Thermodynamics definition?
the study of thermal energy and heat and how they relate to o…
18th century Joseph black suggested wh…
~ Heat was like an invisible fluid
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
30 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 4 Chemical Bonds
ion
ionic bond
mineral
polar
An atom or group of atoms that is electrically charged.
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
A naturally occurring solid that has a crystal structure and…
The description of a covalent bond in which electrons are sha…
ion
An atom or group of atoms that is electrically charged.
ionic bond
The attraction between two oppositely charged ions.
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