Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9"

12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Thermal Equilibrium
How does heat flow?
Specific Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
Heat flows from an object of a higher temperature to an objec…
-Amount of heat needed to raise temperature of 1 kg of materi…
Heat
Thermal energy that is capable of moving
Thermal Equilibrium
The point at which the flow of heat between two objects no lo…
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 (Trilogy)
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through a medium
particles in the medium moves back and forth at right angles…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
52 terms
physical science chapter 9
closed system
the law of conservation of energy
How does a "drinking bird" work?
energy efficiency
a group of objects that transfer energy only to each other
the law that states that energy cannot created or destroyed b…
the bird "drinks" and water gets in the felt covering its hea…
a comparison of the amount of energy before a conversion with…
closed system
a group of objects that transfer energy only to each other
the law of conservation of energy
the law that states that energy cannot created or destroyed b…
28 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
The sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance.
a piston engine containing a working gas that is transferred…
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
internal energy
The sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance.
11 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or…
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
the energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position rela…
the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy. It is the ene…
energy
the strength and vitality required for sustained physical or…
kinetic energy
energy that a body possesses by virtue of being in motion.
8 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
Speed
Average speed
Instantaneous speed
velocity
the distance an object travels per unit of time
the overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
the speed of an object at one instant of time
speed in a given direction
Speed
the distance an object travels per unit of time
Average speed
the overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
Physical Science Chapter 9
Conduction
Convection
Entropy
First law of Thermodynamics
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
A measure of how spread out, or dispersed energy is.
States that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Convection
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat source
nuclear fission
nuclear fusion
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes.
A reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits. En…
A reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and ene…
heat
A form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
heat source
A place from which heat energy comes.
Physical Science Chapter 9
Motion
Reference Point
International System Of Units
Meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientist to measure the pro…
The basic SI unit of length
Motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Biomass
Fossil Fuels
Geothermal Energy
Hydroelectricity
Is a renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugar cane fiber…
Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal are ca…
The thermal energy that is contained in hot magma is called g…
Electricity produced through the moving the moving water is c…
Biomass
Is a renewable organic matter, such as wood, sugar cane fiber…
Fossil Fuels
Fuels such as petroleum, or oil, natural gas, and coal are ca…
24 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Heraclitus
Francis Bacon
Joseph Black
Lavoisier
claimed there were three natural elements—earth, water, and f…
English philosopher and scientist that said that motion is th…
suggested heat was like an invisible fluid
called the heat-fluid "caloric"
Heraclitus
claimed there were three natural elements—earth, water, and f…
Francis Bacon
English philosopher and scientist that said that motion is th…
Physical science Chapter 9
transverse wave
light
illuminated objects
opaque
wave in which the particles of the medium move up and down at…
type of electromagnetic wave
objects that reflect light
material that blocks light
transverse wave
wave in which the particles of the medium move up and down at…
light
type of electromagnetic wave
22 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
radioactivity
nuclear radiation
alpha decay
alpha particle
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
a nucleus gives up two protons and two neutrons during...
a positively charged atom that is released in the disintegrat…
radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
nuclear radiation
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
93 terms
Physical Science chapter 9
90
diamonds, graphite, buckminsterfullere…
diamond
diamond
____% of compounds in nature are based off of carbon
pure forms of carbon in nature
hardest know substance made. natural form of carbon. network…
hardest known substance
90
____% of compounds in nature are based off of carbon
diamonds, graphite, buckminsterfullere…
pure forms of carbon in nature
15 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
caloric theory
thermodynamics
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
a model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
the study of thermal energy, heat and their useful applications
a temperature scale with fiducial points at the freezing poin…
a temperature scale with fiducial points at the freezing poin…
caloric theory
a model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
thermodynamics
the study of thermal energy, heat and their useful applications
28 terms
Physical Science- Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
A model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
the total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a s…
a closed system and an external combustion engine
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
caloric theory
A model of heat as a material fluid that flows from hot to co…
internal energy
the total energy stored in the atoms and molecules within a s…
21 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Heat
Heat Source
Nuclear fission
Nuclear fussion
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
A place from which heat energy comes
the reaction that occurs when the nucleus of an atom splits a…
The reaction that occurs when atoms are joined together and e…
Heat
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles in ma…
Heat Source
A place from which heat energy comes
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Element
Compound
Substance
Mixture
All of the atoms that make up an element are the same
Materials made from atoms of two or more elements combined
Either an element or a compound
A material made up of two or more substances that can be sepa…
Element
All of the atoms that make up an element are the same
Compound
Materials made from atoms of two or more elements combined
32 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 9
Joseph Black
Caloric theory
Sadi Carnot
Benjamin Thompson
suggested the caloric theory of heat
caloric was thought to consist of self-repelling particles th…
explained the process by which steam engines worked and allow…
known as Count Rumford; his work disproved the caloric theory…
Joseph Black
suggested the caloric theory of heat
Caloric theory
caloric was thought to consist of self-repelling particles th…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocab
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Wave
Medium
Mechanical Wave
Transversal Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Matter through which a wave travels.
Waves that can only travel through matter.
This wave moves up and down.
Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Medium
Matter through which a wave travels.
10 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9 - Motion
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
the state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
(SI) the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure t…
the basic SI unit of length
motion
the state in which one object's distance form another is chan…
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
34 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 9
caloric theory
internal energy
heat
conduction
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a weightless,…
The sum of the potential and kinetic energies in a substance.…
the flow of thermal energy from one object to another
the transfer of thermal energy by objects touching each other…
caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a weightless,…
internal energy
The sum of the potential and kinetic energies in a substance.…
Physical Science Chapter 9
Conduction
Convention
Entropy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
A measure of how spread out, or dispersed energy is.
States that the increase in thermal energy of a system equals…
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy by collisions between particles in…
Convention
Transfer of thermal energy in a fluid from one place to anoth…
11 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
changing position or location
the rate at which an objects moves
distance traveled in a certain amount of time
An object slowing down, speeding up, or changing direction
Motion
changing position or location
Speed
the rate at which an objects moves
11 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 9
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Mechanical Energy
the ability to do work
the energy of motion, kinetic energy depends of speed and mass
the energy of position of shape
the total energy of motion and position of an object
Energy
the ability to do work
Kinetic Energy
the energy of motion, kinetic energy depends of speed and mass
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Fuels formed from the decaying remains…
A highly flammable liquid formed by de…
An energy source that is replaced near…
Uses energy from controlled nuclear re…
Fossil fuel
Petroleum
Renewable resources
Nuclear reactor
Fuels formed from the decaying remains…
Fossil fuel
A highly flammable liquid formed by de…
Petroleum
Physical Science Chapter 9 Thermodynamics
caloric theory
internal energy
Stirling engine
temperature
an obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
the sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance
a piston engine containing a working gas that is transferred…
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
caloric theory
an obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
internal energy
the sum of all forms of particle energy in a substance
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9- Waves
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
waves that can only travel through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Chemical Change
Chemical Property
Colloid
Compound
A change of one substance in a material to a different substa…
A characteristic of a substance that indicates if it can unde…
A heterogenous mixture that, unlike a solution, never settles
Materials that are made from Atoms of two or more elements th…
Chemical Change
A change of one substance in a material to a different substa…
Chemical Property
A characteristic of a substance that indicates if it can unde…
52 terms
California Physical Science - Chapter 9
motion
reference point
relative motion
distance
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
movement in relation to a frame of reference point; the chang…
The total length of the actual path between two points; How f…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
32 terms
BJU Physical Science Chapter 9
Joseph Black
Caloric theory
Sadi Carnot
Benjamin Thompson
suggested the caloric theory of heat
caloric was thought to consist of self-repelling particles th…
explained the process by which steam engines worked and allow…
known as Count Rumford; his work disproved the caloric theory…
Joseph Black
suggested the caloric theory of heat
Caloric theory
caloric was thought to consist of self-repelling particles th…
51 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science. BJU
Caloric Theory
Caloric
Lavoisier
Joseph Black
Scientists used to think thermal energy was an invisible flui…
The thermal energy fluid.
Considered caloric to be an actual fluid. Hot objects had a l…
Best known for suggesting caloric theory and discovering carb…
Caloric Theory
Scientists used to think thermal energy was an invisible flui…
Caloric
The thermal energy fluid.
28 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9 Motion
motion
meter
nonlinear
acceleration
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
The basic SI unit of length.
Term to describe a relationship between variables whose graph…
The rate at which velocity changes.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
meter
The basic SI unit of length.
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
What term describes God's Creation of…
What source of energy did God create o…
Whose support of evolution gained him…
The Bible does not mention energy expl…
ex nihilo
sun
Thomas Huxley
Answers should include the following ideas: ... *Energy is a de…
What term describes God's Creation of…
ex nihilo
What source of energy did God create o…
sun
43 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Convection
particles colliding.
convection
inside
_______________is the transfer of energy by the bulk movement…
Conduction is the transfer of energy in the form of _____.
In a forced-air heating system, the warm air circulates by __…
In an internal combustion engine, fuel burns __________the en…
Convection
_______________is the transfer of energy by the bulk movement…
particles colliding.
Conduction is the transfer of energy in the form of _____.
19 terms
Chapter 9 Vocab (Physical Science)
Wave
Medium
Mechanical Waves
Transverse Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Matter through which a wave travels
Waves that can travel only through matter (such as sound)
Waves in which the particles in the medium move back and fort…
Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Medium
Matter through which a wave travels
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
What is Distance?
What is displacement?
What is a vector?
What is the reference point?
The total length of a path between two points (p.340)
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
A quantity that consists of both magnitude and direction (p.3…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
What is Distance?
The total length of a path between two points (p.340)
What is displacement?
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
Chapter 9 Physical Science. BJU
Caloric Theory
Caloric
Lavoisier
Joseph Black
Idea of thermal energy as a fluid
Name of the supposed "fluid" of thermal energy
Father of Modern Chemistry that called the supposed heat flui…
Suggested that heat was an invisible fluid but did not name it.
Caloric Theory
Idea of thermal energy as a fluid
Caloric
Name of the supposed "fluid" of thermal energy
9 terms
Physical science chapter 9
absolute zero
conduction
convection
heat
the theoretical temperature at which a substance possesses no…
the transfer of internal energy by molecular and electronic c…
the transfer of internal energy in a gas or liquid by means o…
the flow of thermal energy
absolute zero
the theoretical temperature at which a substance possesses no…
conduction
the transfer of internal energy by molecular and electronic c…
Physical Science Chapter 9 2016
motion
reference point
distance
displacement
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length of a path between two points.
The length AND DIRECTION of a straight line between starting…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
12 terms
physical science chapter 9
thermodynamics
temprature
degree
1 fahrenheit
the study of heat and how it relates to energy
a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in a sub…
the unit for measuring temprature
>water boils at 212 <water freezes at 32
thermodynamics
the study of heat and how it relates to energy
temprature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in a sub…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
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