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Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9"

53 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
Wave
Frequency
Period
Wavelength
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
The number of times a wave passes a point in a given period o…
Time it takes for two successive wave crests to pass a given…
Distance between one point on a wave and the congruent point…
Wave
A repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Frequency
The number of times a wave passes a point in a given period o…
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocab
Isomers
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
Saturated Hydrocarbons
Organic Compound
Compounds that have same molecular formula but different arra…
Hydrocarbons with double or triple bonds.
All bonds in a hydrocarbon are single bonds.
Compounds that contain carbon.
Isomers
Compounds that have same molecular formula but different arra…
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons with double or triple bonds.
52 terms
California Physical Science - Chapter 9
motion
reference point
relative motion
distance
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
movement in relation to a frame of reference point; the chang…
The total length of the actual path between two points; How f…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI)used by scientists to measure the pro…
The basic SI unit of length
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Law of Conservation of Energy
Fossil Fuels
Peat, Lignite, Bituminous, Anthracite
Petroleum
The principle that the total amount of matter is constant dur…
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
Four Stages of Coal Development
a highly flammable liquid formed by decayed ancient organisms…
Law of Conservation of Energy
The principle that the total amount of matter is constant dur…
Fossil Fuels
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient rema…
38 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
Motion
Reference point
Whether or not an object is is motion…
An object is in motion if its distance…
When an object's distance from another object is changing
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
The reference point
Changing
Motion
When an object's distance from another object is changing
Reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
34 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
force
the combined force of two or more forc…
forces on the same object that are equ…
inertia
a push or pull exerted on an object
net force
balanced forces
the tendency of an object to resist change in motion
force
a push or pull exerted on an object
the combined force of two or more forc…
net force
15 terms
ML Physical Science key terms Chapter 9
base
acid
indicator
electrolyte
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide (OH) ions
Any compound that increases the number of hyddronium (H30+)
A compound that changes color based on the pH of the solution.
A substance that , when dissolved in water, is able to conduc…
base
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide (OH) ions
acid
Any compound that increases the number of hyddronium (H30+)
21 terms
Physical science chapter 9
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Thermal energy
Solids; direct contact
Fluids; flows in currents
Vacuum; electromagnetic energy
The total kinetic energy and a substances particles
Conduction
Solids; direct contact
Convection
Fluids; flows in currents
37 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
compounds
atom
chemical compound
molecule
substances make up of combinations of elements
smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in combin…
compounds are formed when atoms are held together by an attra…
smallest particle of a compound, or a gaseous element, that c…
compounds
substances make up of combinations of elements
atom
smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in combin…
34 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
a system of measurement based on multiples of ten and on esta…
The basic SI unit of length
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
21 terms
AGS Physical Science Chapter 9
heat
heat
heat source
evaporate
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles
energy that flows from a warmer object to a cooler object
a place from which heat energy comes
to change from a liquid to a gas
heat
a form of energy resulting from the motion of particles
heat
energy that flows from a warmer object to a cooler object
20 terms
Physical science chapter 9
Galvanometer
Magnetic Domain
Faraday Law
Revolution
Device used to measure direction of current
Large clusters of aligned atoms
Induced voltage in a coil is proportional to number of loops…
Orbital motion of an electron around the nucleus of an atom
Galvanometer
Device used to measure direction of current
Magnetic Domain
Large clusters of aligned atoms
chapter 9 Physical Science Sullivan
mass
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
Amount of matter in an object
Ability to do work
Energy of motion
the energy an object has because its position or shape
mass
Amount of matter in an object
energy
Ability to do work
51 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science. BJU
Caloric Theory
Caloric
Lavoisier
Joseph Black
Scientists used to think thermal energy was an invisible flui…
The thermal energy fluid.
Considered caloric to be an actual fluid. Hot objects had a l…
Best known for suggesting caloric theory and discovering carb…
Caloric Theory
Scientists used to think thermal energy was an invisible flui…
Caloric
The thermal energy fluid.
42 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
Caloric theory
Internal energy
Thermal energy
Heating
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
The sum of all energies in a substance.
The sum of all kinetic energies in a substance.
Gaining of thermal energy.
Caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
Internal energy
The sum of all energies in a substance.
11 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
displacement
distance
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The length and direction of a straight line between starting…
The length of a path between two points
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
Chapter 9 Physical Science Terms
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
37 terms
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
The representative elements have one t…
Evidence of a chemical reaction includ…
Consider the electron dot diagram of t…
What type of chemical bond does the sh…
-True
-All the above ... (a color change)... (a change in temperature)... (t…
-react with hydrogen to form H(2)X... (refer to the picture in n…
-covalent
The representative elements have one t…
-True
Evidence of a chemical reaction includ…
-All the above ... (a color change)... (a change in temperature)... (t…
12 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 9
A rock is sitting on top of a hill. Wh…
Which of the following describes elect…
Which of the following describes therm…
If an object has kinetic energy, then…
Gravitational potential energy
depends on the distance between charged particles
depends on the temperature
be moving
A rock is sitting on top of a hill. Wh…
Gravitational potential energy
Which of the following describes elect…
depends on the distance between charged particles
34 terms
Physical Science, Chapter 9: Motion
An object is in _____ when it's distan…
What is a reference point?
An object is in motion of it changes p…
SI: What is its whole name?
motion
A reference point is a place or object used for comparison to…
Reference point
International System of Units
An object is in _____ when it's distan…
motion
What is a reference point?
A reference point is a place or object used for comparison to…
39 terms
physical science chapter 9
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse waves
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
sound waves which travel only through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
10 terms
Physical Science/Motion/Chapter 9
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
a system of measurement based on multiples of ten and on esta…
The basic SI unit of length
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9 (Motion)
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
the state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
the system of units used by scientists to measure the propert…
the basic SI unit of length
motion
the state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
43 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
ionize
H+ hydrogen ions
H3O+, or hydronium ions
hyrdronium ions
forms ions
What do acids form when they ionize?
Hydrogen ions attach to water molecules to make _____________…
What gives acids their properties?
ionize
forms ions
H+ hydrogen ions
What do acids form when they ionize?
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Kinetic Theory
Temperature
Kelvin
Thermal Energy
motion of the particles in matter
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particle in…
The SI unit for temperature
the sum of the kinetic and energy of the particles in an object
Kinetic Theory
motion of the particles in matter
Temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particle in…
12 terms
Chapter 9 Vocal Physical Science
Motion
Reference Point
An object is in motion if
Distance
An object is in motion if its distance from another object is…
A Reference point is a place or object used for comparison to…
it changes position relative to a reference point.
Distance is the length of a path between two points.
Motion
An object is in motion if its distance from another object is…
Reference Point
A Reference point is a place or object used for comparison to…
10 terms
Physical Science/Motion/Chapter 9
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
a system of measurement based on multiples of ten and on esta…
The basic SI unit of length
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
9 terms
Conceptual Physical Science - Chapter 9 - Magnetism and Electromagnetic Induction
Electromagnet
Electromagnetic induction
Faraday's law
Generator
a magnet whose field is produced by an electric current. It i…
the induction of voltage when a magnetic field changes with t…
the law of electromagnetic induction, in which the induced vo…
an electromagnetic induction device that produces electric cu…
Electromagnet
a magnet whose field is produced by an electric current. It i…
Electromagnetic induction
the induction of voltage when a magnetic field changes with t…
26 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
What is a reference point?
What is motion?
What is a Distance?
What is displacement?
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
One object's distance from another object is changing.
the length of a path between two points
The length and direction of an object has moved from its star…
What is a reference point?
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
What is motion?
One object's distance from another object is changing.
13 terms
Physical Science chapter 9
wave
medium
mechanical wave
transverse wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
Material through which a wave travels
Waves that require a medium through which to travel... A wave th…
A wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
Material through which a wave travels
15 terms
Physical science chapter 9
Fossil fuel
Petroleum
Non renewable resources
Nuclear reactor
Formed from the decayed remains of ancient plants and animals
Liquid fossil fuel, fuel formed from decayed remains of ancie…
Natural resource that can not be replaced as quickly as it is…
Uses energy from a controlled nuclear chain reaction to gener…
Fossil fuel
Formed from the decayed remains of ancient plants and animals
Petroleum
Liquid fossil fuel, fuel formed from decayed remains of ancie…
16 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
conduction
convection
entropy
heat
Form of heat transfer where heat energy is directly transferr…
Process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of…
(thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the am…
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another
conduction
Form of heat transfer where heat energy is directly transferr…
convection
Process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of…
36 terms
physical science chapter 9
Caloric theory
Nicolas Sadi Carnot's
Thermodynamics
Julius Robert von Mayer
Was quite successful in explaining observations and making pr…
The most significant successes of the caloric theory involved…
Was the study of thermal energy and heat and how they relate…
He was the first to experiment with the idea of heat as energ…
Caloric theory
Was quite successful in explaining observations and making pr…
Nicolas Sadi Carnot's
The most significant successes of the caloric theory involved…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International system of units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Types of Mechanical Energy
Work
Types of Internal Energy
Radiation
-Kinetic Energy: Energy from motion (A vehicle has more kinet…
-The process of transforming energy... -force x distance... -provid…
-Thermal: the energy of heating... -Chemical Potential Energy: F…
-Heat transfer... -The energy itself travels through space
Types of Mechanical Energy
-Kinetic Energy: Energy from motion (A vehicle has more kinet…
Work
-The process of transforming energy... -force x distance... -provid…
77 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
the process by which an unstable nucle…
the particles that are released from t…
radioactive materials have unstable nu…
an unstable nucleus emits one or more…
radioactivity
nuclear radiation
nuclear decay
what happens in radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucle…
radioactivity
the particles that are released from t…
nuclear radiation
15 terms
Chapter 9 physical science
Alpha particle
Critical mass
Half life
Chain reaction
Comprised of two protons and neutrons
Amount of fissionable material required for a fission reactio…
Amount of times it takes for half the nucleus in a radioactiv…
An ongoing reaction if fission reaction
Alpha particle
Comprised of two protons and neutrons
Critical mass
Amount of fissionable material required for a fission reactio…
19 terms
Chapter 9 physical science vocabulary
Organic compound
Network solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
An organic compound that contains only the elements hydrogen…
A hydrocarbon in which all of the bonds are single bonds
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
Network solid
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
12 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science words
Acid
Antacid
Base
Bleach
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
A weak base that neutralizes stomach acid
Any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
A chemical compound used to whiten or make lighter, such as h…
Acid
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
Antacid
A weak base that neutralizes stomach acid
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
bitter tasting, slippery solutions, and conductor of electric…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
44 terms
physical science chapter 9
radioactivity
nuclear decay
nuclear radiation
protons and neutrons
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
radioactive materials have unstable nuclei, which go through…
the particles that are released from the nucleus during radio…
alpha particles consist of ________
radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more pa…
nuclear decay
radioactive materials have unstable nuclei, which go through…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
The motion of the particles in matter…
The ______ of a substance is a measure…
The SI unit for temperature is ______
The sum of kinetic and potential energ…
Kinetic Theory
Temperature
Kelvin
Thermal Energy
The motion of the particles in matter…
Kinetic Theory
The ______ of a substance is a measure…
Temperature
8 terms
chapter9 physical science
friction
kinetic energy
energy resource
non renewable resources
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are tou…
the energy of motion kinetic energy depends of speed and mass
a natural resource that can be converted by humans, into othe…
a natural resource that cannot be replaced or that can be rep…
friction
a force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are tou…
kinetic energy
the energy of motion kinetic energy depends of speed and mass
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Motion
Reference point
International System of Units
Meter
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
a complete metric system of units of measurement for scientis…
the basic unit of measurements
Motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
Reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
A state in which one object's distance from another is changi…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
A state in which one object's distance from another is changi…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Chapter 9 physical science
motion
reference point
international system of units
meter
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
the system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Motion
Reference Point
International System of Units
Meter
The State at which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The System of Units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length
Motion
The State at which one object's distance from another is chan…
Reference Point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
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