Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "physical science chapter 9"

21 terms
Physical science chapter 9
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Thermal energy
Solids; direct contact
Fluids; flows in currents
Vacuum; electromagnetic energy
The total kinetic energy and a substances particles
Conduction
Solids; direct contact
Convection
Fluids; flows in currents
38 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Geothermal energy
Tidal energy
Hydroelectric energy
Solar energy
Caused by magma
Caused by gravitation of the sun and moon
Produced by moving water
Comes from the sun
Geothermal energy
Caused by magma
Tidal energy
Caused by gravitation of the sun and moon
Physical Science Chapter 9
compounds
atom
chemical compound
molecule
substances make up of combinations of elements
smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in combin…
compounds are formed when atoms are held together by an attra…
smallest particle of a compound, or a gaseous element, that c…
compounds
substances make up of combinations of elements
atom
smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in combin…
39 terms
physical science chapter 9
wave
medium
mechanical waves
transverse waves
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
matter through which a wave travels
sound waves which travel only through matter
particles in the medium move back and forth at right angles t…
wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy through matter…
medium
matter through which a wave travels
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Organic compound
Network solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen, often combine wit…
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent compounds
An organic compound that contains only the elements hydrogen…
Hydrocarbon in which all the bonds are single
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen, often combine wit…
Network solid
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent compounds
11 terms
Physical Science chapter 9
scientists believed caloric
What scientific phenomenon did caloric…
What was the significance of Joule's d…
What is the difference between the int…
an invisible fluid of self-repelling particles
why hot items cool, why warmed gases expand, the gas laws, th…
Heat equals mechanical work, therefore it is an energy not a…
Internal energy is the sum of all the kinetic and potential e…
scientists believed caloric
an invisible fluid of self-repelling particles
What scientific phenomenon did caloric…
why hot items cool, why warmed gases expand, the gas laws, th…
20 terms
Physical science chapter 9
Galvanometer
Magnetic Domain
Faraday Law
Revolution
Device used to measure direction of current
Large clusters of aligned atoms
Induced voltage in a coil is proportional to number of loops…
Orbital motion of an electron around the nucleus of an atom
Galvanometer
Device used to measure direction of current
Magnetic Domain
Large clusters of aligned atoms
9 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Acceleration
Average Speed
Deceleration
Instantaneous Speed
The rate at which an object's velocity changes
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves
The rate at which an object slows down
The speed of an object at one instant in time
Acceleration
The rate at which an object's velocity changes
Average Speed
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves
27 terms
8th Physical Science, Chapter 9
motion
reference point
International System of Units
meter
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
a system of measurement based on multiples of ten and on esta…
The basic SI unit of length
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
12 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Spring 2016
Strong Force
Radioactivity
Alpha Particle
Transmutation
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
a type of nuclear radiation consisting of two protons and two…
process of changing one element to another through radioactiv…
Strong Force
a powerful force of attraction that acts only on the neutrons…
Radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucleus gives off nuclear ra…
42 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
Caloric theory
Internal energy
Thermal energy
Heating
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
The sum of all energies in a substance.
The sum of all kinetic energies in a substance.
Gaining of thermal energy.
Caloric theory
An obsolete model of heat that considered heat a material flu…
Internal energy
The sum of all energies in a substance.
38 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 9
Motion
Reference point
Whether or not an object is is motion…
An object is in motion if its distance…
When an object's distance from another object is changing
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
The reference point
Changing
Motion
When an object's distance from another object is changing
Reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
9 terms
Chapter 9 - Physical Science
Frame of reference
Motion
Speed
Constant speed
all movement is compared with a background that is assumed to…
a change in position in a certain amount of time. (Always com…
the rate at which an object moves... Speed = distance (m, km, mi…
speed that does not change
Frame of reference
all movement is compared with a background that is assumed to…
Motion
a change in position in a certain amount of time. (Always com…
Physical Science chapter 9 review
Work
Unit of work
Power
SI Unit for power
Done while a force is causing a motion
Joule (J)
Rate at which work is done
Watt (W)
Work
Done while a force is causing a motion
Unit of work
Joule (J)
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
The representative elements have one t…
Evidence of a chemical reaction includ…
Consider the electron dot diagram of t…
What type of chemical bond does the sh…
-True
-All the above ... (a color change)... (a change in temperature)... (t…
-react with hydrogen to form H(2)X... (refer to the picture in n…
-covalent
The representative elements have one t…
-True
Evidence of a chemical reaction includ…
-All the above ... (a color change)... (a change in temperature)... (t…
Physical Science: Chapter 9
A rock is sitting on top of a hill. Wh…
Which of the following describes elect…
Which of the following describes therm…
If an object has kinetic energy, then…
Gravitational potential energy
depends on the distance between charged particles
depends on the temperature
be moving
A rock is sitting on top of a hill. Wh…
Gravitational potential energy
Which of the following describes elect…
depends on the distance between charged particles
Physical Science Chapter 9 definitions
Compounds
Atom
Chemical bonds
Molecule
Substances made of a combination of elements... -naturally occur…
Smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or with othe…
Form compounds
Smallest part of a compound that can exist and retain its che…
Compounds
Substances made of a combination of elements... -naturally occur…
Atom
Smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or with othe…
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
15 terms
Physical Science, BJU 5th ed, Chapter 9
caloric theory
thermodynamics
temperature
Fahrenheit scale
heat was a fluid that flows from hot to cold objects
study of heat converting into other forms of energy
average kinetic energy of a substance
temperature scale, freezing point at 32⁰, boiling at 212⁰
caloric theory
heat was a fluid that flows from hot to cold objects
thermodynamics
study of heat converting into other forms of energy
43 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
ionize
H+ hydrogen ions
H3O+, or hydronium ions
hyrdronium ions
forms ions
What do acids form when they ionize?
Hydrogen ions attach to water molecules to make _____________…
What gives acids their properties?
ionize
forms ions
H+ hydrogen ions
What do acids form when they ionize?
Physical Science Chapter 9
Kinetic Theory
Temperature
Kelvin
Thermal Energy
motion of the particles in matter
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particle in…
The SI unit for temperature
the sum of the kinetic and energy of the particles in an object
Kinetic Theory
motion of the particles in matter
Temperature
measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particle in…
Physical Science Chapter 9
Chemical Bond
Chemical Reaction
Covalent Bond (non polar)
Covalent compound
A force that holds together the atoms in a substance
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
elements that share their valence electrons rather than losin…
made when two or more nonmetal atoms bond by sharing valence…
Chemical Bond
A force that holds together the atoms in a substance
Chemical Reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
27 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
linear motion
harmonic motion
cycle
pendulum
motion that goes from one place to another without repeating
motion that repeats in cycles
a unit of motion that repeats
a device that swings back and forth due to the force of gravity
linear motion
motion that goes from one place to another without repeating
harmonic motion
motion that repeats in cycles
17 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocab
Isomers
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
Saturated Hydrocarbons
Organic Compound
Compounds that have same molecular formula but different arra…
Hydrocarbons with double or triple bonds.
All bonds in a hydrocarbon are single bonds.
Compounds that contain carbon.
Isomers
Compounds that have same molecular formula but different arra…
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons with double or triple bonds.
Physical science Chapter 9
atom
electron
electron cloud
neutron
the smallest piece of an element that still represents that e…
a particle with one negative charge (1-)
an area around an atomic nucleus where an electron is most li…
a neutral particle that exists in the nucleus of an atom
atom
the smallest piece of an element that still represents that e…
electron
a particle with one negative charge (1-)
Physical Science Chapter 9 vocab
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
mechanical energy
the ability to do work
energy of motion
energy an object had because of its position, shape, or condi…
total amount of work it can do because of motion and position…
energy
the ability to do work
kinetic energy
energy of motion
12 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science words
Acid
Antacid
Base
Bleach
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
A weak base that neutralizes stomach acid
Any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
A chemical compound used to whiten or make lighter, such as h…
Acid
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
Antacid
A weak base that neutralizes stomach acid
19 terms
Chapter 9 physical science vocabulary
Organic compound
Network solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated hydrocarbon
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
An organic compound that contains only the elements hydrogen…
A hydrocarbon in which all of the bonds are single bonds
Organic compound
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen
Network solid
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds
77 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
the process by which an unstable nucle…
the particles that are released from t…
radioactive materials have unstable nu…
an unstable nucleus emits one or more…
radioactivity
nuclear radiation
nuclear decay
what happens in radioactivity
the process by which an unstable nucle…
radioactivity
the particles that are released from t…
nuclear radiation
18 terms
Prentice Hall Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
SI unit of length
speed
when an object's distance from another object is changing
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
meter (m)
distance an object travels in one unit of time
motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
reference point
a place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
10 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
motion
reference point
International system of units
meter
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
The system of units (SI) used by scientists to measure the pr…
The basic SI unit of length.
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Inertia
Weight
Mass
Free fall
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion unless…
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object
amount of matter in the object
the motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…
Inertia
the tendency of an object to resist a change in motion unless…
Weight
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object
19 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science Vocab
Longitudinal Wave
Mechanical Wave
Medium
Transverse Wave
A wave in which the matter in the medium moves back and forth…
A wave that can only travel through matter
Matter through which a wave travels
Wave in which the matter in the medium moves at right angles…
Longitudinal Wave
A wave in which the matter in the medium moves back and forth…
Mechanical Wave
A wave that can only travel through matter
14 terms
Adv. Physical Science Chapter 9
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles…
a device that measures temperature
the temperature at which an objects energy is minimal
the transfer of energy from the particles of one object to th…
temperature
a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles…
thermometer
a device that measures temperature
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Neutralization Reaction
Salt
Titration
Soap
The reaction of the ions that characterize acids and the ions…
An ionic compound that forms when a metal atom or a positive…
The process of adding carefully measured amounts of one solut…
A substance that is used as a cleaner and that dissolves in w…
Neutralization Reaction
The reaction of the ions that characterize acids and the ions…
Salt
An ionic compound that forms when a metal atom or a positive…
13 terms
Physical science vocab chapter 9
Temperature
Heat energy
Internal energy
Kelvin
Amount of heat energy in a substance, determined by average k…
A form of energy produced by vibrations of molecules that can…
Total amount of energy a substance contains
Si temperature scale using units equivalent to Celsius degree…
Temperature
Amount of heat energy in a substance, determined by average k…
Heat energy
A form of energy produced by vibrations of molecules that can…
12 terms
Chapter 9 vocabulary physical science
Acid
Inficator
Electrolyte
Base
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
A compound that can reversibly change color depending on such…
A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
Any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
Acid
Any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
Inficator
A compound that can reversibly change color depending on such…
Physical Science Chapter 9 vocab
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
Physical Science Chapter 9 Vocabulary.
Wave
Medium
Mechanical Wave
Transverse Wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy as it travels t…
matter through which a wave travels.
a wave that can only travel through matter.
The type of wave in which the particles in the medium moves b…
Wave
a repeating disturbance that transfers energy as it travels t…
Medium
matter through which a wave travels.
129 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
Organic Compound
3 Forms of Carbon
Diamond
Network Solid
Most compounds that contain carbon
diamond,graphite and fullerenes
A form of the element carbon; it is the hardest mineral cryst…
a solid of covalently bonded atoms in which the atoms are bon…
Organic Compound
Most compounds that contain carbon
3 Forms of Carbon
diamond,graphite and fullerenes
Chapter 9 Physical Science Terms
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on cond…
26 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
What is a reference point?
What is motion?
What is a Distance?
What is displacement?
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
One object's distance from another object is changing.
the length of a path between two points
The length and direction of an object has moved from its star…
What is a reference point?
A place or object used for comparison to determine if somethi…
What is motion?
One object's distance from another object is changing.
28 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Who was the first scientist to coin th…
Who is Democritus and how did he contr…
Did the Greed world believe Democritus…
Who created the first atomic theory?
Democritus
Democritus proposed his ideas about the atom: matter is actua…
No, they did not believe Democritus because he had no proof.…
Dalton
Who was the first scientist to coin th…
Democritus
Who is Democritus and how did he contr…
Democritus proposed his ideas about the atom: matter is actua…
7 terms
Chapter 9 Physical Science
Used to calculate work
A moving object has this type of energy
The rate at which energy is transferred
The unit used to express power
F x d
kinetic energy
power
watt
Used to calculate work
F x d
A moving object has this type of energy
kinetic energy
Chapter 9 Vocabulary Physical Science
Organic Compounds
Network Solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Compounds that contains carbon and hydrogen, often combined w…
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds.
An organic compound that contains only the elements hydrogen…
A hydrocarbon in which all the bonds are single bonds.
Organic Compounds
Compounds that contains carbon and hydrogen, often combined w…
Network Solid
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds.
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
37 terms
KIRK Physical Science Chapter 9
it is in motion
System International
time
velocity of the object
when an object's distance from another object is changing
basic unit of length
speed equals distance divided by
when you know both the speed and direction of an objects moti…
it is in motion
when an object's distance from another object is changing
System International
basic unit of length
Physical Science Chapter 9
Organic Compound
Network Solid
Hydrocarbon
Saturated Hydrocarbon
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen, often combined wi…
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds.
An organic compound that contains only the elements hydrogen…
A hydrocarbon in which all of the bonds are single bonds.
Organic Compound
Compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen, often combined wi…
Network Solid
A solid in which all the atoms are linked by covalent bonds.
Physical Science Chapter 9
motion
reference point
speed
average speed
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
The distance an object travels in a certain period of time wi…
The overall rate of speed at which an object moves; calculate…
motion
The state in which one object's distance from another is chan…
reference point
A place or object used for comparison to describe the positio…
physical science chapter 9
thermal energy
temperature
absolute zero
heat
the total energy(kinetic plus potential) of atoms and molecul…
a measure of the hotness of an object, related to the average…
the lowest possible temperature; the temperature at which all…
the thermal energy that flows from an objet at higher tempera…
thermal energy
the total energy(kinetic plus potential) of atoms and molecul…
temperature
a measure of the hotness of an object, related to the average…
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