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Study sets matching "physical science vocabulary chapter 14 heat"

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Study sets matching "physical science vocabulary chapter 14 heat"

25 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14 - Thermal Energy and Heat
temperature
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and…
the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
temperature
a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
Fahrenheit scale
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Heat and Temperature
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0K…
the energy transferred between objects that are a different t…
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
46 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14- Thermal Energy and Heat
Thermal Energy
Conductor
Kelvin
Kinetic
The total energy of the particles.
A material that easily conducts heat.
The temperature scale used in science.
Energy measured by temperature.
Thermal Energy
The total energy of the particles.
Conductor
A material that easily conducts heat.
47 terms
Physical Science; 8th grade Thermal Energy and Heat; Chapter 14
Temperature:
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
The measure of the average "kinetic energy" of the particles…
The temperature scale on which 32 and 212 are the temperature…
The temperature scale on which zero and 100 are the temperatu…
The temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
Temperature:
The measure of the average "kinetic energy" of the particles…
Fahrenheit scale
The temperature scale on which 32 and 212 are the temperature…
30 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Heat and Temperature
temperature
heat
thermometer
absolute zero
A measure of the average kinetic energy in an object.
The energy transferred between objects that are of different…
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
The temperature at which all molecular motion stops. 0(zero)…
temperature
A measure of the average kinetic energy in an object.
heat
The energy transferred between objects that are of different…
20 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14 Thermal Energy and Heat
Temperature
Absolute Zero
Conduction
Convection
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in…
the temperature scale at which no more energy can be removed…
the transfer of heat between particles within a substance
the transfer of heat by the movement of current within a fluid
Temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in…
Absolute Zero
the temperature scale at which no more energy can be removed…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Heat and Temperature
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0K…
the energy transferred between objects that are a different t…
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
38 terms
Physical science chapter 14: heat and temperature
Temperature
Increases
Expansion
Thermometer
A measure of how hot or cold something is; specifically a mea…
As KE of an object...the temperature of the object increases
Common thermometers rely on...
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is; specifically a mea…
Increases
As KE of an object...the temperature of the object increases
11 terms
Physical Science chapter 14 vocab- heat and temperature
Temperature
Thermometer
Absolute Zero
Heat
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature
The temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum(0 K…
The energy transferred between objects that are at different…
Temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
Thermometer
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature
46 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14- Thermal Energy and Heat
Thermal Energy
Conductor
Kelvin
Kinetic
The total energy of the particles.
A material that easily conducts heat.
The temperature scale used in science.
Energy measured by temperature.
Thermal Energy
The total energy of the particles.
Conductor
A material that easily conducts heat.
25 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 14 - Thermal Energy and Heat
temperature
Fahrenheit scale
Celsius scale
Kelvin scale
a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and…
the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at whi…
temperature
a measure of the average energy of motion of the particles of…
Fahrenheit scale
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees an…
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
work -
power -
input force -
output force -
is done when a force makes an object move in the same directi…
how quickly work is done.
the force that you apply on a machine.
the force that a machine applies.
work -
is done when a force makes an object move in the same directi…
power -
how quickly work is done.
35 terms
Chapter 14 Section 3 Using Heat Physical Science
The first law of Thermodynamics
The 2nd law of Thermodynamics
Work
Mechanical processes
states that the total energy used in any process is conserved…
states that the energy transferred as heat always moves from…
is the transfer of energy.
are processes in which energy is transferred by work.
The first law of Thermodynamics
states that the total energy used in any process is conserved…
The 2nd law of Thermodynamics
states that the energy transferred as heat always moves from…
11 terms
Physical science chapter 14 Vocabulary
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
An instrument used to measure temperature
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
Energy in transit due to a temperature difference between the…
temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
An instrument used to measure temperature
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of how hot or cold something is
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minumum
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
temperature
a measure of how hot or cold something is
thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
13 terms
Physics: Chapter 14 Heat
internal energy
heat
specific heat
in an isolated system..
refers to the total energy of all molecules in an object
the transfer of energy from one object to another due to a te…
the energy required to change the temperature of a fixed amou…
heat gained by one part of the system must be lost by another
internal energy
refers to the total energy of all molecules in an object
heat
the transfer of energy from one object to another due to a te…
62 terms
Physics Chapter 14 - Heat
How does heat flow spontaneously?
calorie (cal)
kilocalorie (kcal)
Mechanical equivalent of heat
from an object at higher temperature to one at lower temperat…
unit of heat, the amount of heat necessary to raise the tempe…
1000 cal = 1 Cal = 1 kcal.... the amount of heat needed to rais…
a given amount of work done is equivalent to a particular amo…
How does heat flow spontaneously?
from an object at higher temperature to one at lower temperat…
calorie (cal)
unit of heat, the amount of heat necessary to raise the tempe…
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an explaination of how the particles in gases behave
the temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid
the energy required to change a substance from a solid to a l…
a liquid is the temperature at which the pressure acting on s…
kinetic theory
an explaination of how the particles in gases behave
melting point
the temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
electromagnetic (EM) spectrum
speed of light (c)
photon
radio wave
the frequency continuum of EM waves
299,792,485 mi/sec; 3.00 x10^8
a wave bundle of light
frequencies that carry both radio and TV broadcasts
electromagnetic (EM) spectrum
the frequency continuum of EM waves
speed of light (c)
299,792,485 mi/sec; 3.00 x10^8
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Work
Power
Horsepower
Joule
The product of force and distance
Rate of doing work
Equal to about 746 watts
SI unit of work
Work
The product of force and distance
Power
Rate of doing work
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the product of force and distance
the SI unit of work
the rate of doing work
the SI unit of power
Work
the product of force and distance
Joule
the SI unit of work
13 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an example of how the particles in gasses behave
the temperature at which a solid will melt
the energy required for a liquid to turn to a solid
the temperature at which a liquid will boil
Kinetic theory
an example of how the particles in gasses behave
melting point
the temperature at which a solid will melt
23 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
organic compound
covalent bond
hydrocarbon
isomers
a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bonded…
a chemical bond formed by sharing one or more pairs of electr…
a compound that contains only carbon and hydrogen atoms
compounds that have the same molecular formula but different…
organic compound
a chemical compound that contains carbon atoms usually bonded…
covalent bond
a chemical bond formed by sharing one or more pairs of electr…
11 terms
Physical science chapter 14 Vocabulary
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
An instrument used to measure temperature
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
Energy in transit due to a temperature difference between the…
temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
An instrument used to measure temperature
11 terms
Physical science chapter 14 Vocabulary
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
An instrument used to measure temperature
The coldest temperature, 0 Kelvin, that can be reached. It is…
Energy in transit due to a temperature difference between the…
temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
An instrument used to measure temperature
15 terms
Physical Science - Chapter 14
chemical reaction
chemical formula
chemical equation
reactants
The process by which one or more substances undergo change to…
A shorthand notation for a compound or diatomic element using…
A shorthand description of a chemical reaction using chemical…
The starting materials in a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
The process by which one or more substances undergo change to…
chemical formula
A shorthand notation for a compound or diatomic element using…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
electromagnetic spectrum
speed of light
photon
radio wave
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
186,000 miles per second
A particle of electromagnetic radiation with no mass that car…
Electromagnetic waves with the longest wavelengths and lowest…
electromagnetic spectrum
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
speed of light
186,000 miles per second
9 terms
Science Chapter 14 Light and Heat
convection
heat
refraction
reflection
the movement of heat in liquids and gases from a warmer area…
the flow of thermal energy from one object to another
the bending of light when it moves from one kind of matter to…
the bouncing of light, sound, or heat off an object
convection
the movement of heat in liquids and gases from a warmer area…
heat
the flow of thermal energy from one object to another
Physical Science Chapter 14- Atomic Structure
Atom
Atomic Number
Charge
Electron
the smallest particle of an element that keeps the identity o…
the number of protons in the nucleus... it also determines what…
matter can have a positive or negative charge
a particle with a negative charge that is found in atoms but…
Atom
the smallest particle of an element that keeps the identity o…
Atomic Number
the number of protons in the nucleus... it also determines what…
20 terms
Physics - Chapter 14 - Heat and energy
A measure of average kinetic energy of…
This measures temperature.
The theoretically lowest temperature i…
Total energy of all the particles.
temperature
Thermometers
absolute zero
thermal energy
A measure of average kinetic energy of…
temperature
This measures temperature.
Thermometers
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
kinetic energy
potential energy
kinetic theory
thermal energy
energy of motion
energy stored in the position of an object
explains the behavior of gas particles... 1. All matter is compo…
the total energy of a material's particles
kinetic energy
energy of motion
potential energy
energy stored in the position of an object
13 terms
Physical Science chapter 14
Kinetic theory
Melting point
Heat of fusion
boiling point
explanation of the behavior of particles in gases
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
amount of energy required to change a substance from the soli…
the temperature at which the pressure of the vapor of a liqui…
Kinetic theory
explanation of the behavior of particles in gases
Melting point
temperature at which a solid begins to liquefy
Science, Chapter 14 : Heat Transfer (Examples)
Ironing clothes
Heat rays from the sun.
pot left on a stove
Water in a boiling pot.
Conduction
Radiation.
Conduction
Convection (currents within a fluid)
Ironing clothes
Conduction
Heat rays from the sun.
Radiation.
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter-14
Concave Lens
Concave Mirror
Convex Lens
Convex Merrier
A lens that is thicker at the edges that in the middle causes…
A reflective surface that curves inward and that can magnify…
A lens that is thicker in the middle than at the edges and ca…
A reflective surface that curve outward and forms a reduced,…
Concave Lens
A lens that is thicker at the edges that in the middle causes…
Concave Mirror
A reflective surface that curves inward and that can magnify…
18 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
electromagnetic spectrum
speed of light
photon
radio wave
the entire frequency continuum of electromagnetic waves
speed of any electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, 3.00 x 108 m/s
a packet of electromagnetic energy
waves below 300 Hz up to 300 GHz, produced by acceleration of…
electromagnetic spectrum
the entire frequency continuum of electromagnetic waves
speed of light
speed of any electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, 3.00 x 108 m/s
19 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
Alloy
Amalgam
Ceramic
Glass
A mixture of a metal and one or more other elements
An alloy that contains mercury
Material made from dried clay or claylike mixtures
Ceramic without a regular crystal structure
Alloy
A mixture of a metal and one or more other elements
Amalgam
An alloy that contains mercury
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the product of force and distance
the SI unit of work
the rate of doing work
the SI unit of power
Work
the product of force and distance
Joule
the SI unit of work
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the product of force and distance
the SI unit of work
the rate of doing work
the SI unit of power
Work
the product of force and distance
Joule
the SI unit of work
26 terms
Chapter 14 Vocabulary- Physical Science
work
joule
power
watt
the product of distance and the force in the direction an obj…
the SI unit for work, equal to 1 newton-meter
the rate of doing work
the SI unit of power, equal to one joule per second
work
the product of distance and the force in the direction an obj…
joule
the SI unit for work, equal to 1 newton-meter
41 terms
physical science chapter 14
lodestone
magnet
magnetism
poles
served as a natural compass that consistently pointed north
an object capable of attracting materials such as iron or ste…
the property of attracting objects by magnetic force
regions of concentrated magnetism are called
lodestone
served as a natural compass that consistently pointed north
magnet
an object capable of attracting materials such as iron or ste…
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
wave
medium
mechanical wave
electromagnetic wave
a periodic disturbance in a solid, liquid, or gas as energy i…
a physical environment in which phenomena occur
a wave that requires a medium through which to travel
a wave that consists of oscillating electric and magnetic fie…
wave
a periodic disturbance in a solid, liquid, or gas as energy i…
medium
a physical environment in which phenomena occur
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14
work
joule
power
watt
the product of distance and the force in the direction an obj…
the SI unit of work, equal to 1 newton-meter
the rate of doing work
(W) the SI unit of power, equal to one joule per second
work
the product of distance and the force in the direction an obj…
joule
the SI unit of work, equal to 1 newton-meter
26 terms
Physical Science-Chapter 14
Work
Power
Joule
Watt
Force x Distance
The rate of doing work
SI unit of work equal to one newton-meter
SI unit of power equal to one joule of work per second.
Work
Force x Distance
Power
The rate of doing work
13 terms
Glencoe Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an example of how the particles in gasses behave
the temperature at which a solid will melt
the energy required for a liquid to turn to a solid
the temperature at which a liquid will boil
Kinetic theory
an example of how the particles in gasses behave
melting point
the temperature at which a solid will melt
Physical Science Chapter 14 Electromagnetic Energy
electromagnetic (EM) spectrum
speed of light (c)
photon
radio waves
the entire frequency continuum of electromagnetic waves
the speed of any electromagnetic wave in a vacuum
a packet of electromagnetic energy
electromagnetic waves in the frequency range of well below 30…
electromagnetic (EM) spectrum
the entire frequency continuum of electromagnetic waves
speed of light (c)
the speed of any electromagnetic wave in a vacuum
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
kinetic theory
melting point
heat of fusion
boiling point
an explaination of how the particles in gases behave
the temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid
the energy required to change a substance from a solid to a l…
a liquid is the temperature at which the pressure acting on s…
kinetic theory
an explaination of how the particles in gases behave
melting point
the temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 14
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
11 terms
Chapter 14 Physical Science Vocabulary
Temperature
Thermometer
Absolute zero
Heat
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is: specifically, a…
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
The temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0K…
The energy transferred between the objects that are at differ…
Temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is: specifically, a…
Thermometer
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 14 Vocabulary
Temperature
Thermometer
Absolute zero
Heat
a measure of how hot ( or cold ) something is; specifically,…
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
Temperature
a measure of how hot ( or cold ) something is; specifically,…
Thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
11 terms
Chapter 14 Physical Science Vocabulary
Temperature
Thermometer
Absolute Zero
Heat
A measure of how hot or cold something is, specifically, a me…
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
The temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum.
The energy transferred between objects that are at different…
Temperature
A measure of how hot or cold something is, specifically, a me…
Thermometer
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
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