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Study sets matching "physics chapter 11 equilibrium"

11 terms
Physics: Torque and Static Equilibrium (Chapter 11)
If a net torque is applied to an objec…
According to Newton's second law, the…
A figure skater with arms initially ex…
A solid cylinder and a hollow cylinder…
An angular acceleration.
The net applied torque?
Greater than, because her moment of inertia decreases.
The hollow cylinder has the greater moment of inertia.
If a net torque is applied to an objec…
An angular acceleration.
According to Newton's second law, the…
The net applied torque?
Physics Test - Chapter 11 Rotational Equilibrium
torque
turn
accelerate, rotation
leverage, leverage
This is produced by a turning force and tends to produce rota…
To make an object __________ or rotate, apply a torque.
Force and torque are different; forces tend to make things __…
A torque is produced when a force is applied with "__________…
torque
This is produced by a turning force and tends to produce rota…
turn
To make an object __________ or rotate, apply a torque.
61 terms
Physics Test - Chapter 11 Rotational Equilibrium - (Mr. Tita)
torque
turn
accelerate, rotation
leverage, leverage
This is produced by a turning force and tends to produce rota…
To make an object __________ or rotate, apply a torque.
Force and torque are different; forces tend to make things __…
A torque is produced when a force is applied with "__________…
torque
This is produced by a turning force and tends to produce rota…
turn
To make an object __________ or rotate, apply a torque.
Chapter 11 Equilibrium
Activation Energy
catalyst
enzyme
equilibrium
minimum amount of energy required for a reaction to occur
substance that speed up a reaction without being consumed
biological catalyst
exact balancing of two processes, one of which is opposite of…
Activation Energy
minimum amount of energy required for a reaction to occur
catalyst
substance that speed up a reaction without being consumed
33 terms
Chapter 11- Rotational Equilibrium
Define rotation.
Define torque.
Define lever arm.
What is true of torque?
produced by a torque
distance from a turning axis to the point of contact
produces rotational acceleration
-caused by a turning force... -caused by an applied force acting…
Define rotation.
produced by a torque
Define torque.
distance from a turning axis to the point of contact
14 terms
Chapter 11 Rotational Equilibrium
The big Idea
torque
lever arm
11.1 concept Check: How do you make an…
An object will remain in rotational equilibrium if its center…
Torque is produced by this turning force and tends to produce…
When the force is perpendicular, the distance from the turnin…
when balanced torques act on an object, there is no change in…
The big Idea
An object will remain in rotational equilibrium if its center…
torque
Torque is produced by this turning force and tends to produce…
10 terms
Chapter 11: Rotational Equilibrium
Define rotation.
Define torque.
Define lever arm.
What is torque caused by?
produced by a torque
produces rotational acceleration
distance from a turning axis to the point of contact
a. a turning force... b. an applied force acting through a lever…
Define rotation.
produced by a torque
Define torque.
produces rotational acceleration
17 terms
Chapter 11 rotational equilibrium
Torque
Lever arm
When balanced torques act on an object
Torque
Produced by a turning force and make rotational acceleration
The distance from the turning axis to the point of contact
There is no change in motion
Force x lever arm
Torque
Produced by a turning force and make rotational acceleration
Lever arm
The distance from the turning axis to the point of contact
33 terms
Chapter 11- Rotational Equilibrium
Define rotation.
Define torque.
Define lever arm.
What is true of torque?
produced by a torque
distance from a turning axis to the point of contact
produces rotational acceleration
-caused by a turning force... -caused by an applied force acting…
Define rotation.
produced by a torque
Define torque.
distance from a turning axis to the point of contact
31 terms
Physics Rotational Equilibrium Ch 11 Packet
Rotation
Torque
Lever Arm
B and C
Produced by a torque
Produces rotational acceleration
Distance from a turning axis to the point of contact
Circle the letter of each statement that is true of torque:... A…
Rotation
Produced by a torque
Torque
Produces rotational acceleration
43 terms
AP Physics Chapter 11
simple harmonic motion (SHM)
simple harmonic oscillator (SHO)
the displacement is not too great
sum of the kinetic and potential energ…
any vibrating system for which the restoring force is directl…
a vibrating system for which the restoring force is directly…
most solid materials stretch or compress according to F = kx…
The total mechanical energy E of a mass-spring system is the.…
simple harmonic motion (SHM)
any vibrating system for which the restoring force is directl…
simple harmonic oscillator (SHO)
a vibrating system for which the restoring force is directly…
18 terms
Physics Chapter 11 Vocab
wave
medium
mechanical waves
electromagnetic waves
the motion of a disturbance
physical environment or substance through which a wave can tr…
waves that require a medium through which to travel... ex: wate…
special waves not requiring a medium... ex: light and heat waves
wave
the motion of a disturbance
medium
physical environment or substance through which a wave can tr…
14 terms
Chapter 11 Physics vocab
distance
frame of reference
relative motion
vector
the length of a path between two points.
a system of objects that are'nt moving with respect to one an…
movement in relation to a frame of reference.
a quantity that has a magnitude and direction.
distance
the length of a path between two points.
frame of reference
a system of objects that are'nt moving with respect to one an…
17 terms
Conceptual Physics--Chapter 2: Mechanical Equilibrium
Force
Net Force
Vector
Vector Quantity
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
The combination of all the forces that act on an object.
An arrow whose length represents the magnitude of a quantity…
A quantity in physics, such as force, that has both magnitude…
Force
An influence that tends to accelerate an object; a push or pu…
Net Force
The combination of all the forces that act on an object.
9 terms
Physics- Chapter 11 Terminology
Frame of Reference
Inertial Frame of Reference
Principle of Relativity
Ether
A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…
A frame of reference that moves at zero or a constant velocit…
The laws of motion are the same in all inertial frames of ref…
The proposed medium through which electromagnetic waves were…
Frame of Reference
A coordinate system relative to which motion is described or…
Inertial Frame of Reference
A frame of reference that moves at zero or a constant velocit…
14 terms
chapter 11 physics vocab
distance
frame of reference
relative motion
vector
distance
frame of reference
14 terms
chapter 11 physics vocab.
Frame of reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
a system of objects not moving with respect to one another
motion in relation to frame of reference
the length of a path
a quantity that has a direction associated with it
Frame of reference
a system of objects not moving with respect to one another
Relative Motion
motion in relation to frame of reference
10 terms
Chapter 11 Physics
motion
frame of reference
displacement
speed
an object's change in position relative to a reference point.
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
distance/time
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point.
frame of reference
a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Chapter 11- Rotational Dynamics and Static Equilibrium
A force applied so as to cause angular…
a tangential force F applied at a dist…
a force exerted at an angle θ with res…
a single torque applied to an object g…
torque (τ)
τ = rF
τ = rF sinθ
angular acceleration
A force applied so as to cause angular…
torque (τ)
a tangential force F applied at a dist…
τ = rF
49 terms
Physics Chapter 11 Vocab
frequency
hertz
period
wave
the number of cycles or oscillations per unit time
what is frequency measured in?
the time for once cycle
a rhythmic disturbance that transfers energy from one place t…
frequency
the number of cycles or oscillations per unit time
hertz
what is frequency measured in?
21 terms
Chapter 11.3 - Physics
what is radioactive decay?
what does decay mean?
what occurs during radioactive decay?
what are the three most common types o…
a nuclear reaction that an atom undergoes if the atomic nucle…
to break down
the nucleus of an atom spontaneously breaks down and emits su…
alpha decay, beta decay, and gamma decay
what is radioactive decay?
a nuclear reaction that an atom undergoes if the atomic nucle…
what does decay mean?
to break down
48 terms
Physics (Chapter 11)
Light
Medium
Radiation
Electromagnetic wave
Is electromagnetic waves that travel at high speeds in a stra…
Any physical substance through which energy can be transferred
A method of energy transfer that does not require a medium th…
-Is a wave that has both electric and magnetic parts... -does no…
Light
Is electromagnetic waves that travel at high speeds in a stra…
Medium
Any physical substance through which energy can be transferred
37 terms
Abeka Physics Chapter 11
work
force
W = Fd and W = Pt
scalar quantity
transfer of energy; product of force & displacement; any effo…
The amount of work accomplished depends on the magnitude of t…
the basic work equation and the equation for work in terms of…
Is work a vector quantity or a scalar quantity?
work
transfer of energy; product of force & displacement; any effo…
force
The amount of work accomplished depends on the magnitude of t…
22 terms
Physics Chapter 11 Vocabulary
damping
simple harmonic motion
restoring force
Hooke's Law
the friction retards the motion of the vibrating mass, the ma…
vibration about an equilibrium position in which a restoring…
the spring force that always pushes or pulls the mass toward…
When the restoring force is proportional to the displacement…
damping
the friction retards the motion of the vibrating mass, the ma…
simple harmonic motion
vibration about an equilibrium position in which a restoring…
16 terms
Physics Vocabulary Chapter 11
simple harmonic motion
amplitude
period
frequency
vibration about an equilibrium position in which a restoring…
the maximum displacement from equilibrium
the time that it takes for a cimplete cycle to occur
the number of cycles per unit of time
simple harmonic motion
vibration about an equilibrium position in which a restoring…
amplitude
the maximum displacement from equilibrium
19 terms
Chapter 11 - Physics
In simple harmonic motion ____________…
A mass-spring system vibrates with sim…
What is Hooke's Law?
What is frequency?
restoring force is proportional to displacement.
Hooke's Law.
Hooke's law states that restoring force is directly proportio…
The number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time
In simple harmonic motion ____________…
restoring force is proportional to displacement.
A mass-spring system vibrates with sim…
Hooke's Law.
57 terms
Physics Chapter 11 and 12
Difference between vibration and oscil…
Waves in general
Longitudinal Waves
Transverse waves
VIBRATION: object moves back and forth, more mechanical motio…
are moving oscillation, carry ENERGY from one place to anothe…
PARTICLES AND WAVES move left and right (ex= sound waves, str…
particles move TRANSVERSE (perpendicular) to the wave... so, par…
Difference between vibration and oscil…
VIBRATION: object moves back and forth, more mechanical motio…
Waves in general
are moving oscillation, carry ENERGY from one place to anothe…
26 terms
Physical Science Chapter 11: Electricity
Electricity
Static electricity
Electric current
Ampere
Flow of electrons
Buildup of electrical charges
Movement of electrons from one place to another
The unit used to describe how much electric current flows thr…
Electricity
Flow of electrons
Static electricity
Buildup of electrical charges
76 terms
PHYSICS CHAPTER 11
1. Arrange from smallest to largest: t…
2. Of the following systems, which con…
Heat flow occurs between two bodies in…
4. Calories of the food type are equal…
B
D
D
B
1. Arrange from smallest to largest: t…
B
2. Of the following systems, which con…
D
85 terms
Chapter 11: Rotational Dynamics and Static Equilibrium
What is the relationship between torqu…
What is the general definition of torq…
What type of torque does radial force…
What are the units of torque?
-torque increases with the distance r from tne axis of rotati…
Torque = r (F sin theta)
-zero torque
N * m
What is the relationship between torqu…
-torque increases with the distance r from tne axis of rotati…
What is the general definition of torq…
Torque = r (F sin theta)
85 terms
Chapter 11: Rotational Dynamics and Static Equilibrium
What is the relationship between torqu…
What is the general definition of torq…
What type of torque does radial force…
What are the units of torque?
-torque increases with the distance r from tne axis of rotati…
Torque = r (F sin theta)
-zero torque
N * m
What is the relationship between torqu…
-torque increases with the distance r from tne axis of rotati…
What is the general definition of torq…
Torque = r (F sin theta)
31 terms
Physics Chapter 9 - Static Equilibrium
Statics
Equilibrium
How does equilibrium differ from Newto…
What is the first condition for equili…
the calculation of the forces acting on and within structures…
balance, equal forces acting on the same object
In Newton's Third Law, equal and opposite forces act on diffe…
Net forces must equal zero.... ΣF = 0
Statics
the calculation of the forces acting on and within structures…
Equilibrium
balance, equal forces acting on the same object
10 terms
Chapter 11 Physics
motion
frame of reference
displacement
speed
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the change in position of an object
the distance traveled divided by the time interval which the…
motion
an object's change in position relative to a reference point
frame of reference
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
16 terms
Physics Chapter 11 Vocabulary
frame of reference
relative motion
distance
displacement
a system of objects that are not moving relative to each othe…
movement in relation to a frame of reference
length of a path between two points, measured in meters
describes the direction from the starting point as well as th…
frame of reference
a system of objects that are not moving relative to each othe…
relative motion
movement in relation to a frame of reference
25 terms
Physics Chapter 11
Scientific Method
FINER Method
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
a systemized way of evaluating data and investigating new hyp…
a way to determine the usefulness of a research question on t…
the manipulated variable in an experiment that affects measur…
the measured or observed variable in the experiment that is a…
Scientific Method
a systemized way of evaluating data and investigating new hyp…
FINER Method
a way to determine the usefulness of a research question on t…
14 terms
Physical Science Chapter 11 Vocabulary
Frame of reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Displacement
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Movement in relation to the frame of motion.
The length of the path between two points.
The direction from the starting point and the length of a str…
Frame of reference
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
Movement in relation to the frame of motion.
14 terms
Chapter 11 Physics Vocab
frame of reference
relative motion
distance
vector
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Movement in relation to a frame of reference.
The length of a path between two points/how far an object mov…
A quantity that has magnitude and direction.
frame of reference
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
relative motion
Movement in relation to a frame of reference.
Physical Science Chapter 11 Magnestism
magnet
magnetic pole
magnetic dipole
magnetic field
any object that possesses or can generate a magnetic field
one of two areas of concentrated magnetic field lines on a ma…
any object or particle with magnetic properties, i.e. having…
the region of influence surrounding a magnet, where it exerts…
magnet
any object that possesses or can generate a magnetic field
magnetic pole
one of two areas of concentrated magnetic field lines on a ma…
52 terms
Physics Chapter 11
Felastic = -kx
spring force
because force and displacement are in…
the strength of the spring
equation for Hooke's Law
the force restoring a spring to its equilibrium position
Why is a minus sign need to the equation for Hooke's law?
What does the spring constant measure?
Felastic = -kx
equation for Hooke's Law
spring force
the force restoring a spring to its equilibrium position
22 terms
Physics Definitions Chapter 4 Equilibrium
Equilibrium
Translational Equilibrium
Rotational Equilibrium
Equilibrant Force
The state of an object in which there is no change in its mot…
When an object is in equilibrium in x-y-z planes
When the object is not changing its rotary(spinning) motion.
Force needed to cause equilibrium. Needed to produce no motio…
Equilibrium
The state of an object in which there is no change in its mot…
Translational Equilibrium
When an object is in equilibrium in x-y-z planes
57 terms
Physics Chapter 11
prime factors
mAs, kVp, and distance
quantity/quality
x-ray quantity
are principal factors (3) that affect x-ray emission
name the three prime factors
the x-ray beam can be described in terms of both its .. and i…
is a measure of the number of x-ray photons in the useful bea…
prime factors
are principal factors (3) that affect x-ray emission
mAs, kVp, and distance
name the three prime factors
58 terms
Holt Physics Chapter 11
Periodic
Opposite
Zero
Maximum
Repeated motion is considered...
The direction of the force acting on the mass (in a mass-spri…
Spring force is ____ at equilibrium
At equilibrium, speed is at a m_____
Periodic
Repeated motion is considered...
Opposite
The direction of the force acting on the mass (in a mass-spri…
60 terms
Physics Chapter 11
quantum physics (main takeaways)
Einstein's equation
electron waves
why is there quantized energy
recongition that there is less difference b/w waves and parti…
E = hf (energy-> joules, h -> plancks constant frequency -> h…
electron waves oscillate with an extremely high frequency whi…
if the electron is orbiting the nucleus, the only possible or…
quantum physics (main takeaways)
recongition that there is less difference b/w waves and parti…
Einstein's equation
E = hf (energy-> joules, h -> plancks constant frequency -> h…
50 terms
physics chapter 11
house outlet voltage
electric clothes dryer voltage
car battery voltage
AAA battery voltage
120 volts
220 volts
12 volts
1.5 volts
house outlet voltage
120 volts
electric clothes dryer voltage
220 volts
23 terms
Physics Chapter 11 Terms
Harmonic Motion
Equilibrium
Maximum Displacement
Hooke's Law
repeated (periodic) motion over the same path... ex. pendulum sw…
x=o... v=vmax... F=0... p=mv
x=xmax... v=0... F=Fmax... p=0
Felastic = -kx... "-" because its direction opposes the displace…
Harmonic Motion
repeated (periodic) motion over the same path... ex. pendulum sw…
Equilibrium
x=o... v=vmax... F=0... p=mv
16 terms
Chapter 11: Physical Science
Frame of reference
Displacement
Relative motion
Distance
stationary objects that you use to determine if something has…
straight line distance between 2 points
a change in position, compared to something else
is the length of a path between two points
Frame of reference
stationary objects that you use to determine if something has…
Displacement
straight line distance between 2 points
39 terms
Physics Chapter 11- Vibrations and Waves
Vibration/Oscillation
Simple Harmonic Motion
F=-kx
Sinusoidal
The motion of an object regularly repeats itself over the sam…
An object goes under this if the restoring force is proportio…
Force constant k is the reatio of restoring force to displacm…
The displacement of SHM as a function of time follows a sine…
Vibration/Oscillation
The motion of an object regularly repeats itself over the sam…
Simple Harmonic Motion
An object goes under this if the restoring force is proportio…
10 terms
Physics | Chapter 11 | Terms
rotational kinetic energy
potential energy
gravitational potential energy
reference level
which is energy due to rotational motion
energy that is stored due to interactions between objects
stored energy due to gravity
the position where GPE is defined to be zero
rotational kinetic energy
which is energy due to rotational motion
potential energy
energy that is stored due to interactions between objects
9 terms
Physics - Chapter 2 - Mechanical Equilibrium
force
vector
vector quantity
scalar quantity
needed to change an object's state of motion; it is a push or…
an arrow that represents the magnitude and the direction of a…
quantity that needs both magnitude and direction (e.g. veloci…
quantity that can be described by magnitude only (e.g. weight…
force
needed to change an object's state of motion; it is a push or…
vector
an arrow that represents the magnitude and the direction of a…
9 terms
Physics Chapter 2- Mechanical Equilibrium
Force
Net Force
Vector
Vector Quantity
Any influence that tends to accelerate an object.
The combination of all the forces that act on an object.
An arrow whose length represent the magnitude of a quality an…
A quantity in physics, such as force, that has both magnitude…
Force
Any influence that tends to accelerate an object.
Net Force
The combination of all the forces that act on an object.
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